Mid Ocean Echoes I
Are Alert Signals
For Big Cable Ship
Seattle, Wash. —Echoes from the
middle of the Pacific Ocean act as
alert signals for the biggest cable [
ship under the American flag the
Army Transportation Corps’ Albert J.
When indistinct messages come into
Seattle cable terminal from Alaska,
an Army technician uses special test
equipment to locate the damage in
the communication line. Damage to
the cable causes a rushing sound—or
echo—to come through the test equip
ment, and an experienced line repair
man can tell—within two miles—
where the damage is. Then the 362-
foot ship—with home port here—
casts off on a repair mission.
The Myer steams to the approxi
mate location of the damage and
drops a grapnel—an “anchor with
claws” —attached to a rope.
An instrument on the ship—called
a dynamometer—indicates when the
cable is hooked to the grapnel. The
cable then is pulled up on the ship,
cut, and the end nearest land is tied
to a buoy. The ship steams . for
ward, rolling up the other part of the
cable until Army Signal Corps ex
perts find the damage. They cut the
damage section out and splice a new
piece of cable in its place.
After repairs are made, the Army
cable engineer aboard ship tests the
line. By using portable testing equip
ment, he sends messages to both the
United States mainland and to the'
terminal at Ketchikan, Alaska.
Damages to cable in deep water—
breaks, twists or cuts—often are
caused by submarine earthquakes or
landslides. Also, decomposition of
the cable sometimes exposes its core
to damage from currents or rough
bottom. In one instance, a whale
tangled with the cable and twisted it.
Cable damage in shallow water—
where faults usually occur—are the
result of pounding surf at the shore
line, a ship’s anchor, piledriving ac
tivities, dredging operations and swift
currents. Fully equipped Army barg
es are used to make these shallow
Besides complete testing and repair
equipment, the Myer also is equip
ped with special engines for laying
cable and instruments which measure
the length of cable as it is being pick
ed up or laid. Cable is laid from
three huge rollers at the tip of the
Tanks in the hold of the ship carry
1,200 miles of one-inch diameter cable
—enough to extend from Seattle to
The Myer is able to distill sea
water to replenish her supply of
drinking water held in tanks aboard
Thp Myer has a gross tonnage of!
almost 4,000 and a fuel capacity of j
7,000 barrels of oil. She operates at
14 knots with a top speed of 15 knots. |
Her cruising range is 8,250 miles. 1
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TREATMENT OF BURNS
by Science Features
The origin of fire it lost in antiq
uity, but it is probably safe to as
sume that on the first day man
| learned to use fire he burned him
-1 self. Burns are among the most
common of all injuries, causing ap
proximately 6,000 deaths in the
U.S. every year. -
• Burns are classified as first, sec
ond or third degree, according to
_ • their seventy.
F ' ir * t degree
bums are usu
2“* no * •? riou *-
J burns cause
blistering of the
.. skin, ana a third
, • iVYJWyrj-V degree burn
l\wLf i chars the flesh.
ENBr'Jside-effects of a
severe burn are
'• •* •*"• * more serious
than the wound itself—although it
is only in recent years that science
has discovered this. The victim may
suffer shock, which causes an es
timated 80 per cent of deaths in
fatal bums, or a serious infection
may enter the burned area.
To combat these problems, blood
plasma or whole blood may be
given to restore body fluids lost in
shock, and the body’s resistance
may be bolstered by administration
of the hormones ACTH and corti
sone. Antibiotics such as terramy
cin and penicillin are often given
to prevent infection. -xt
Treatment of the bum itself may
be either by covering it with a
pressure bandage or by the new,
open-air method, which has been
i used with success in Korea. In this
method, the wound is not covered,
but allowed to dry and heal in the
But the best cure for bums is
Although the Army Transportation
Corps operates the ships, its move
ment is controlled by the Army Sig
nal Corps which laid the cable be
tween U.S. and Alaska in 1924.
The Signal Corps—represented by
the Alaska Communication System—
handles Commercial as well as mili
tary messages to Alaska and between
cities in the territory. A private com
munications firm may contract with
the Army to have the Myer repair it’s
Crew of the Myer varies from 84
to 100 men, depending upon the job
to be done. Most of the men are civi
lian seamen. Signal Corps personnel
include at least one civilian cable en
gineer and approximately 20 enlisted
During a single nine-month period,
the Myer was called out only twice to
make repairs. When the ship is in
port, most of the crew is assigned to
Washington—Eight per cent of all
U S. soldiers take part in sports pro
grams conducted by the Army.
| Last year 127 soldiers performers
qualified for Olympic tryouts and 32
| of them went on to the 1952 Olympic
THE CHOWAN HERALD, BDENTON. N. a, THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 3, 1953.
Weekly Devotional I
By James Mackenzie
“And I will bless them that bless
thee, and curse him that
thee.” (Genesis 12: 3).
The above quoted verse is taken
from God’s covenant with the pro
genitor of the Jewish race, Abraham;
and the blessing and curse entailed
here are upon them who so treat his
descendants. This blessing upon na
tions and persons who bless the Jew
ish people, and curse upon all who
curse them, is a dominant theme of
Old Testament thought, and was re
affirmed by Jesus while He was here
upon earth. Further, as a student of
history, I am constantly amazed as I
am confronted with the unerring fi
delity with which this curse has been
carried out. The histories of Egypt,
Assyria, Babylon, Greece, Rome,
Spain, France, Poland, and, in recent
years, Nazi Germany, and post-war
England, all bear eloquent testimony
to the fact that those nations and peo
ple which curse the Jews are them
selves cursed. Conversely, I firmly
believe one of the reasons our own
America has prospered and been
blessed above all nations of the earth
is that she has been a haven and
heme for-these persecuted and ma-
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Deco-Right Potted Plants
203 WEST CHURCH STREET
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for the man who thinks
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This is such a common idea in people’s minds,
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Take a minute now to read why this is 50... and
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gasoline money for years to come.
Here’s the story... short and sweet!
First, it is true that all reputable gasolines today
are good products and good value for your money.
Second, it is true that “premium” gasolines, at
slightly higher cost, do give added performance
values in most cars.
But... it is not true that all “premium” gasolines
give the same amount of extra value for the higher
price. Differences, in fact, are surprisingly great
in many cases.
And... it is also true that Esso Extra gasoline
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Esso Extra meets today's highest standard
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ESSO STANDARD OIL COMPANY Esso) I
ESSO ROAD MAPS make travel easier and more MawUas
If you’re planning a trip, be sure to ask your Esso Dealer to
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and careful check-up for many miles of “Happy Motoring.” •
. ' t Copr. 1953. EBBO INC.
ligned chosen people of God.
In the face of this, it is difficult to
sympathize with those who call them
selves “Christian,” but defile that sac
red name with unfair and uqprovoked
attacks upon the Jewish race. Do
they not realize that Jesus our Sav
iour was a Jew and that He loves this
people with every fiber of His being?
For that matter, discrimination
against any race is wrong! It is
wrong because God has made man in
His own image, and to despise a man
because of his distinctive physical
characteristics, or because of his rac
ial origin, is, in reality, to despise in
stead the God'who created him. Fur
ther, it is wrong because it is moti
vated by pride, and iio human being,
white or colored, Jew or Gentile, has
any sensible reason to be proud. If
we “White Gentiles” would take time
out to “see ourselves as others see
us,” and more especially, to see our
selves as God sees us, altogether sin
ful, with no hope save in His divine
mercy, there would be an end to this
foolish, pompous, ignorant racial
Camers mildness and flavor
agree with more people
. _ _ _ _ _ -
pride, and a deeper realization that I
“(Sod . . . hath made of one blood all
nations of men for to dwell on all
the face of the earth”. (Acts 17:26).
MILLS FAMILY REUNION
Mrs. Walter Mills, Robert Mills,
Edmund Mills and family, Mr. and
Mrs. S. C. Mills and daughter and
son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Fred Brown
of Fayetteville attended the Mills’
family reunion, near Washington on
Sunday, August 23. Approximately
100 people were present and all en
joyed a delicious picnic dinner served
on the grounds.
Washington—An average of 219,855
men and women a month were exam
ined for entrance into the Armed
Forces during the first quarter of
1963. Processing of these individuals
was done in 74 Armed Forces Exam
ining Stations in various parts of the
country by the Adjutant General of
— rtrtrt, _
Proof? It starts by taking these eight performance
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Using this “yardstick” Esso Extra is tested scien
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50... when you gay a little extra for a premium
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That’s what “Happy Motoring” really means! See
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, If your business seems to be slack,
try the time-tested tonic—advertising
in The Chowan Herald—and watch it
The child who tries to reform fattier
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