SECTION TWO- Recent Research Shows Women Figure In Less Highway Accidents Than Men Drivers A psychologist and a motor vehicle administrator met last week in Ra-! leigh to compare notes on the causes of traffic accidents. The principals: Commissioner Ed ward Scheidt of the Motor Vehicles Department and Dr. Dannie J. Mof fie, head of the Psychology Depart ment at N. C. State College. Scheidt fingered the speeder as lead- ' er of the accident parade more than a year ago and ordered electronic speed controls and radar to put the brakes on him. Accident research —the “why" of collisions —meanwhile was being inves tigated by Dr. Moffie and his staff at State College. The Motor Vehicles Department authorized a $17,000 year ly grant to the psychology department more than three years ago to finance the study. How to cut back traffic accidents, which had claimed more than 1,000 persons annually, was the target for the scientific research. Researchers began their work by assembling IMB cards furnished by the Motor Vehicles Department. Dri ver license applicants, in addition to, meeting certain driving requirements, j were asked to fill in their age, race, j sex, occupation and approximate num-j her of miles driven per year. This information was in turn punched into! the IBM cards and the vast research j project got underway. Soon after it became evident to Dr. Moffie’s staff that vision, emotional instability, attitude, judgment, and re action time were factors present in al most all traffic accidents. They have presented officially their preliminary findings to Commissioner Scheidt who in turn hopes to imple ment some of the more specific rec ommendations into the state’s licens ing program. The research project is part of the State’s Ortho-Rater screening pro-' gram for license applicants. Some of the more significant findings result ing from the investigation are as fol lows: The driving population is comnosed of 60.5-per cent male-whites: 25:5 fe male-whites; 12.5 per cent colored males, and 1.5 per cent colored-fe males. White drivers do nearly all the driv ing the study showed. Male and fe male whites do 91 per cent of the driving and colored males 8.5 per cent. Colored females do only one half of one per cent of the driving. One of the most surprising statis tics revealed that when accidents for each sex-race group was equated for mileage driven, colored-male drivers had 2.5 times more accidents than white-male drivers. And good news for the women driv ers, too. On the same basis fequated mileage driven) white-male drivers had 1.3 times more accidents than white-female drivers. Men drivers in general were in volved in a great many more acci dents than the ladies according to the study. Males ( white and colored) in curred 91.5 per cent of the mishaps analyzed. Lady drivers triumnhed again in the traffic violations bracket in that male white drivers incurred .3,7 times more violations than the womenfolk. Dr. Moshe’s : analvses confirmed Mr. Schedit’s anti-speeding edict. In studying the factors present in 59 driver fatalities he noted more than 30 per cent were traveling 80 mph and oyer. Tn fact, wrecking at speeds in excess of 50 mph accounted for 89.5 per cent of the fatalities studied. In the visual phase of the investiga tion Dr. Moffie found that approxi mately 720 license applicants per month failed the vision test, which is administered by the Ortho-Rater. But over 75 per cent of the drivers referred to an eye doctor later report ed improved vision. In a vision vs. accidents study re searchers paired a number of accident free drivers with those having had three accidents. The accident-free drivers were found to have much bet ter ability to see fine detail at near and far distances and to judge depth r \ft\Uata 1 $2.10 WrviS 86 Proof DM STCAIOHT WMSKIYS M THB WBWO AM 4 YUU O* MOU OID. MS SRAMM wmmm. tmmtm Page Six or space. | Present at the meeting in Schedit’s office were Prof. Chas. Milton, assist ant director of the project; Major C. !A. Speed, director of the Highway Safety Division, and Elton R. Peele, chief of the Licensing Division, who was largely instrumental in launching the project. N. C. Corn Prospects Lowest Since 1945 Crop Forecast at 55,562,- 000 Bushels; Caused By Dry Weather On the basis of condition reports 1 from growers, as of July 1, produc tion from the current Tar Heel com crop is forecast at 55,562,000 bushels. This is the lowest production of com in the State since 1945 when 55,100,- 000 bushels were produced. A 1954 | com crop of 55,562,000 bushels would be 2,137,000 bushels or 3.7 per cent j less than the drought-stricken crop of ; 57,699,000 bushels last year. I The average yield per acre for the | current crop is forecast at 26 bushels J by the North Carolina Crop Reporting Service. This is the second lowest yield per acre since 1945 and compares with an average of 27 bushels last year. The lowest yield since 1945 was set in 1952 with an average of 25.5 bushels. The harvested acreage for 1954 is forecast at 2,137,000 acres, which is the same as the acreage harvested last year. Extended dry weather combined .with abnormally high temperatures has damaged the corn crop in most areas of the State. The hot, dry weather has been particularly damag- • i ing to the portion of the corn crop now in the tasseling and silking stage • of maturity. ’ i Specialist Tells How To Combat Mildew! m i It s about this time every year that i homemakers throughout North Caro- i lina are plagued with mildew. i Mildew, however, isn’t selective about where it grows. It may show up on your best pair of shoes, your leath-' er gloves, in your bookshelves, or it Economical l! *! i ii Estate Management f 1 J! ■Ii!; —-f 1 1 I jf’i In serving as Executor for an estate, our Ii I jj first consideration is the conservation of as- 1 . tii sets. Our experience has shown us the way I : if* i jjji to take advantage of every possible saving in |j I 1 |!|. taxes and administration costs. Your estate - Ii! I ■j 1 1 in our care will benefit by our knowledge and I j foresight. ,|j J We invite an opportunity to discuss your es- ;| | j tate plans, in cooperation with your attorney. 1 j BUY UNITED STATES BONDS ! THE BANK OF EDENTON I EDENTON, WORTH CAROLINA | Safety for Savinyi Since /894 J MKMBKK FEDERAL EESEIVE SYSTEM | MKMBB* <O>KUI. DEPOSIT INSURANCE COBPOEATION THE CHOWAN HERALD, EDENTON. N. fe, THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1954. Nation*. 4-H’ars S«ek to Cut Death Toll of Farm Folk on Rural Highways'* Look cut, yaunfl falUrl CHlCAGO—(Special) —“Make Safety Your Number One Crop,” the slogan of several million rural boys and girls throughout the nation since its introduction in 1945, continues to be fostered by more than 615,000 4-H Club members. They are taking part in the 1954 National k 4-H Safety Pro gram being conducted in 46 states for the tenth consecutive year. Participants receive training in farm accident and fire prevention, which includes checking and re moving hazards of every conceiv able nature. These surveys are credited by safety experts as being a valua ble contribution to the nation wide campaign to reduce the tragic annual toll of 15,000 lives and 1,225,000 disabling injuries to farm folk. In conducting their surveys, the 4-H’ers look for such safety , hazards as loose or floppy cloth- j ing worn about moving farm ma chinery, cluttered stairways, oily rags, frayed electric cords, broken ladder rungs and sharp tools. What is becoming an increas ingly serious problem is that ae- i may even spread across the walls of your house. ) According to Pauline E. Gordon, I State College Extension specialist inj housing and house furnishings, mildew| may form on the walls of a house in damp, humid areas where there is ani absence of sunshine, food in the form ( of oils in paint films, and the presence | of mildew -spores. Adding a fresh ■ coat of paint over a wildewed wall is no Way to combat the problem. In- J stead, the brush will just spread the | spores so that the mildew may re- . turn more vigorous than ever. Miss Gordon explains that mildew is a fungus which lives on vegetable matter like paint oils. It can eat cidents to farm people caused by motor vehicles now account for nearly one-fourth of all deaths and injuries that occur on rural highways. Also, 700 of the fatal faraa accidents reported last year involved wheel tractors. One-third of the fatal tractor accidents re ported involve persona under 20 years of age. One case in ten was a child under 5. To help correct this problem, the 4-H’ers are giving highway Bas et y demonstrations Defora farm groups and over local radio stations, as well as putting win dow displays in town stores and booths at county fairs. The 1954 National 4-H Safety Program is conducted by the Co operative Extension Service. As incentives for outstanding records in the program, General Motors provides medals of honor which i are presented to four county win ners, and an all-expense trip to I the National 4-H Club Congress ! in Chicago to the state winner. Eight of the latter will be se lected as national winners, each receiving a $300.00 college j scholarship. through several coats of paint. I To get rid of mildew, wash your I walls with a solution of one pound ’of trisodium phosphate to one gallon !of water. Then rinse the walls with I clear water. Tisodium phosphate may be bought at a drug store. ( Miss Gordon adds that special mil 'dew resistant paints are available. A - poison can be added to paint but it should be used with great caution. | Some products of this type are avail able w-hich are non-toxic to humans or ,to animals. I The point to bear in mind if your walls are mildewed is to wash the walls with a solution to kill the spores : before you add fresh paint. AMERICA America by 1975 will need twice the ; amount of energy it uses today to ] meet the needs of an expanding econ- ( omy, according to the report of the , President’s Materials Policy Commis- , sion of June, 1952. It seems likely that electrical sup- j ply must increase about 260 per cent- , from 389 billion kilowatt-hours in 1950 , to 1,400 billion in 1975. By 1975 it is expected that 350 bil lion gallons of water will be needed daily in contrast with 170 billion gal lons in 1950. More than 80 per cent of the increase will be for the estimat ed rise in industrial activity. Petroleum consumption in America by 1975 is expected to reach 5,000 million barrels. In 1950 oil consump tion of all sorts totalled 2,375 million barrels. Natural gas consumption is expect ed to rise from 6.300 billion cubic feet in 1950 to 15,000 billion in 1975. Coal consumption is expected to climb from 493 million short tons in 1950 to 751 million short tons in 1975. ICE-COLD WATERMELONS AT Edenton Ice Co. f l Bourbon j STAGO distilling co.# I M PtOOT. THE SXMG DOT. CO* RNWOCT. KL Francis E. White Is On USS Antietem Serving aboard the world’s first canted deck aircraft carrier, the USS Antietesm, is Francis E. White, avia tion machinist’s mate third clasg, USN, son of Mr. and Mrs. George White of Edenton. The carrier recently took part in the Navy’s largest exercise in anti-sub marine warfare. Known as ASDEVEX 1-54 Submarine Development Exer ci & 9 1-54), the six-week operation off Ber muda was designed to test the effec tiveness of new types of submarine de tection equipment and team operation under simulated wartime conditions. There were more than 30 vessels participating in the exercise including six “enemy” submarines and some 20 air squadrons and detachments. TRY A HERALD CLASSIFIED AD iijjp==^~ SUMMER COLD TAKE /J /J /J symptomatic ODO RELIEF NOTICE To VFW Members The VFW Post home will be open every Friday and Sat urday nights for the benefit of members and their guests.