Tbe National Outlook
Our “National Goals”
By Ralph Robev
Finally the report of the Prc:i
clent’s Commission on National
Goals has been- released. ' We
Say, “finally,” because com
mittee was appointed eai y last
spring, and there, is some reason
for believing that the analysis
was deliberately held back un
til after the election, /.nd it is
easy 'to understand why : it
should have been '.eld back.
The report is, to be most gen
erous, simply amazing. It per
haps would be mere accurate to
characterize it as incredible.
The idea of naving a commis
sion attempt to establish the
goals of our nation is (fues
tionable in any event. It is cer
tain to be either a one-sided
affair or go off in all directions
with little agreement among the
members of the committee. This
particular report does the lat
ter, with 21 footnotes of excep-]
tions in 23 pages of text.
In spite of its brevity there are
discussions of eleven “Goals at
Home” and four “Goals Abroad.”
In addition there is a section
on “A Financial Accounting,”
and a “Concluding Word".
First of the domestic goals is
“The Individual.” This is pret
ty good. It is said: “All our
institutions—political, social, and
economic—must further enhance
the dignity of the citizen, pro
mote the maximum development
of his capabilities, stimulate
their responsible exercise, and
widen the range and effective
ness of opportunities for individ
ual choice.” ,
But having said that, the re
port then devotes the rest of its
time to outlining an extension
of government ‘activity and gov
ernment spending. We must
eliminate religious prejudice,
handicaps to women, discrimina
tion based on race, encumbrance I
to voting, and so forth. We also
must vastly expand our educa-]
tion system, get better persons
in government, prevent concen
tration of power in corporations,
unions, or other organizations,
increase our national growth
rate. encourage technological
change, get agriculture on a self
supporting basis, materially im
prove living conditions, and ex
tend help on health and welfare.
In the foreign field we must
strive for an “open and peace
ful world,” and constantly work
for a lowering of trade restrict
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T — CiUIIN lUIN, W. t. DECEMBER 15th
ions, continue to defend the free
world at any necessary cost,
bring about disarmament, and
support the United Nations.
Obviously this is quite a pro
gram. The majority of us prob
ably will agree that most of it is
desirable, but we need some sys
tem of priorities and certainly
we need an indication of what
it will cost, and who is going
to provide the funds.
In tj)e collective mind of the
commission there appears to be
no priority among the goals.
And the cost is given only cas
ual attention. It is recognized in
the section on "a financial ac
counting” that it may be ne
cessary to have even heavier
taxes. That will depend upon
the rate of growth of the na
tion. If higher taxes are requir
ed, the report says, it is “very
unlikely to reduce the level of*
average individual consumptionj
in this country; the average citi
zen’s standard of living would
continue to rise. Though per-j
haps at rates below those of the
recent past” and it need not
“materially impair the incentive*
or the morale of the American]
people, nor alter the primary I
reliance of the economy on pri
This is a shocking attitude on
the present tax burden of this
nation. Little wonder that two
members of the commission take
exception to it.
Underlying this report were
16 essays prepared by various
persons. These are not yet
available, but they will be pub
lished in book form and made
public on December 15. How
good these essays are remains to
De deterrpined, but we may be >
sure that they will "evoke ac
tive discussion,” which is the
hope of the commission.
Letter 75 Years Old
Tells About Good
practice which came to light
recently is still a good one.
The recommendation was made
in a letter from Charles W. Dab
ney, Jr., director of the N. C.
Experiment Station, to a Surry
County farmer. Date of the let
ter was march 31, 1886.
Dr. Roy L. Lovvorn of N. C.
THE CHOWAN HERALD. EDENTOIV. NORTH CAROLINA. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1960.
HEADLESS ARMY Drawn up like some regiment of , Gymnasium with the latest in men’s fashions. Examiners
headless soldiers, this array of raiment fills Tokyo’s Taito ! Bass among the 800 dummies to pick the Jop tailor.
Stale College, present director;
of the Experiment Station,-found
the letter. It was addressed to
J. C. Cooper, Esq., Dobson, N. C. j
E. C. Elting. Deputy Administra-,
tor for Experiment Stations!
throughout the nation, called the
letter “a fine example of the
plain English the pioneer sta
tion directors used in telling
farmers about fertilizer.” The
letter follows in part:
"So far from market your|
chance to .get the effect of lime
is from ashes. Good hardwood!
ashes are over one half lime,!
which is when fresh the same]
as that contained in rock-lime, j
Then you have in ashes a lot of.
potash, phosphate and other good*
things besides . . .
"You could safely apply 20 .
bushels of lime to the acre: but*
I do not know that it would]
pay you. Use ten bushels. In!
a race of the kind you pro
pose you must pay especial at- 1
tention to these points.
“Ist. Break up deep. So as to j
be prepared to stand a drought, i
“2nd. Use just as much wood’s i
mould, or well-rotted vegetable:
matter of any kind as you can
get and mix with your strong
“3rd. Make your manure as
complex as you can. Do not
put it all right under the plant,
but broadcast a part, put some j
more under the plant, as you j
say and then put the rest around
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the corn before the second plow-j
ing—that is after you throw the]
dirt away from the corn and ]
just before throwing it back
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coarse) you can pile in the chem
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