White Coßar Workers Set Pace hi
Income And Imployment Structure
A significant change '•run far
reaching influences on the econ
omy has been taking place in
recent years in the income dis
tribution and occupational ‘struc
ture of the American working
population, according to data
compiled by the U. S. Bureau
of the Census.
The dominant development is
that the income of the white
collar occupations taken togeth
er grew by more than 60 percent
during the last decade, and now
makes up more than half of the
entire -income received by all
employed civilians in the United]
States. Employment gaijK in
the professional and managerial
occupations and their high aver
age earning power were the ma
jor factor in this trend.
How Occupational Groups
In the period from 1951
through 1958, the income of all
employed civilians increased,
from $176.2 billions to $252.6 bil
lions, a rise of 43 percent, asj
reported by the Census Bureau.,
Here is how these figures break
down as between broad gfoupsl
White collar (professions, pro
prietors and managers, and cler-j
ical and sales) —aggregate in
come up from $82.7 billions to!
$134.9 billions, increase of 63
percent. The group’s share of
total income of all employed 1
civilians rose from 46.9 percent j
in 1951 to 53.4 percent in 1958. I
Blue collar (skilled and semi-]
skilled and nonfarm laborers)—
aggregate income, up from $72.1
billions to $92.8 billions, rise of
29 percent. This group’s portion
of total income of employed ci
vilian population fell to $36.7
percent in 1958 from 40.9. per
cent in 1951. „ I
Service workers—combined in
come up from $9.6 billions to
$15.5 billions, increase of 61 per
cent. Their share of totai in
come of all employed civilians
came to 6.1 percent in 1958
versus 5.4 percent in 1951.
Farm occupations aggregate
income declined from sll.B bil
lions to $9.4 billions, drop of 20
percent. Their share of total
income of all employed civilians
was'' 3.7 percent in 1958 as
against 6.7 percent in 1951.
White Collar Growth
A • number of influences, such
as varying employment condi
tions and rising wage and salary
levels in aill occupations, linderly
these figures. However, the ma
jor /actor in the changing in
come pattern of the working
population has been the persist
ent growth, of white collar oc
cupations as part of the long
term evolution in the American
economy and the rising tempo of
its industrialization and tech
nology. The white collar group
first caught up with the number
of blue collar workers in the
mid-Fifties, and has been widen
ing the margin since.
This trend is particularly evi
dent in the classification of pro
fessional, technical and kindred
workers—the group that includes
our scientists and engineers,
teachers, and the wide range of
trained personnel needed to
meet the technological require
ments of a highly industrialized
society plus the challenge of the
space age. The Census Bureau
figures show that the profession-
al occupations led all the other
classifications in the 1951-58'pe
riod with a rise of 39 percent'
in employment and a jump of
104 percent in aggregate in-1
Boom in Research Spending
A big factor in the growth of
the professional occupations and
their increasing employment op
portunities has been the. boom
in research and development,
spending in recent years. These,
expenditures in the aggregate
... . Bi r . .rrr^>-j.. ■■—., Jilt Ever > Memher 0f Tl,< ‘ Fami,v wni A Pi >rwiate |
T > Mil/ A Gift Os Furniture From The I
.gjgP E^lf£3-Uy:. '.' rff/ „ Edenton Furniture Co.;
: WhmßHtbb IP IBn buy now and save during our |
h’ 1 ' a•'' ‘ Store - Wide Sale ]
I f I This Sale Will Continue Thru December 31st! J
more than doubled in the 1953-
59 period, rising trom uimuns
to an estimated sl2 'billions, ac
cording to the National Science
Foundation. AH the indications
point to continued expansion in
this vital area in the years
ahead as the economy grows
with a consequent increase in
the capital requirements of busi
ness and industry. This trend
thus underscores the need for
greater capital formation through
more saving if these and other
investment needs of the future
are to be met.
On the jobs front, the Census
Bureau figures show that the
white collar occupations as a
whole had an employment gain
of 4'A million in the 1951-58 pe
riod, or 21 percent. In the blue
collar group, combined employ
ment was down some 800,000,
or 3% percent with recessionary
influences in 1958 a factor.
Farm employment dropped by
800,000 or 16 percent in the
1951-58 period, continuing to re
flect the long-term shift out of
agriculture into nonfarm occupa
tions. Employment in the ser
vice occupations increased by
1.7 million or 30 percent be
tween 1951 and 1958.
Wins Top Award
Continued from Page 1. Section 1
Paradise Road community was
awarded the purple ribbon. Yeo
pim and Hudson Grove commu
nities were awarded blue rib
bons, Warren Grove-Green Hall,
Ryans Grove and Center Hill-
Cisco were awarded red ribbons.
No community received white
ribbons this year.
Monday awards program was
highlighted with a challenge
presented by the guest speaker,
Mrs. Minnie Miller Brown, as
sistant State Negro home eco
nomics agent of Greensboro. She
demonstrated in her address to
the group how various personali
ties within the community groups
hinder or contribute to the com
munity’s progress. It was brought
out that the maximum amount
of progress can only be realized
when every family and indivi
dual within the community exert
all available interest, energies
and efforts toward reaching the
over all common goal and ob
Appreciation to the Chowan
County Agricultural Workers
Council for sponsoring the Com
munity Progress Contest and to
the Peoples Bank & Trust Com
pany, Edenton branch, for fi
nancing the same was given by
Mrs. Arizona Fleming on behalf
l of the six participating comrau
| nities in presenting the summary
of accomplishments for 1960.
! The awards were presented to
the president of each eommun-
I ity by Richard S. Atkinson, Jr.,
' vice president of the Peoples
| Bank & Trust Company, Edenton
, branch. Door prizes were given
i by the Albemarle Rural Electric
| Membership Cooperation and
presented by Eugene Simmons.
| Other bank officials attending
I the program were Gilliam Wood,
' chairman of the board; J. W.
i Davis, public relations officer,
' and George Lewis, farm rela-
J tions officer, who spoke on the
' Community Progress Contest for
| * From the response and com
ments from the estimated 165 in
I attendance, who have recognized
* that solving the community
I problems can present a far
' greater challenge than the cold
weather, will be instrumental
leading and supporting the com
munity efforts for 1961.
Tears sometimes weigh as
much as words. —Ovid.
HOE CHOWAN mmkt.n, EDENTON. NORTH CAROLINA. THPRBPAT DECEMBER IS. 1960.
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DEBRE GETS A SALUTE —Wearing sandals and pantaloon-type black trousers worn by
Sahara tribesmen, French Premier Michel Debre inspects an honor guard m newly inde
pendent Mauritania. The African nation applied immediately for U.N. membership, but
the Soviet Union vetoed the application.
Large Number At
Continued fr~.im Page 1 Section
VS^^^WW-.NC«>VWVX»vW^ > 'WX»
Christ Was Born on Christ
mas Day, German Cradle Song.
Yes. The Heavenly Child Is
Born, Flench Carol.
No Room In the Inn, Grid).
Sing Allelulia! Christ Is
The Little Drummer Boy,
Simeone, Davis, Onorati.
Silver Bells, Livingston-Evans.
Christmas Was Meant For
Children, arranged hv Ades.
Whence Comes This Rush of
The Christ Cradle, Doris Sim
The accompaniset was Jo Ann
Treble Clef Club
C - Little Town of Bethlehem,
I Heard the Bells of Christ
mas Day, Calkin.
Nothing can bring you peace
but yourself; nothing can bring
you peace but the triumph of
Ralph Waldo Emerson.
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iewels. selt winomg.
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KCh.f ff 1 hands and dial, sweep
k second band, expansion
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color of natural gold.
Cam pen Jew elers
EDENTON. N. C.
•Wot*cproof o* lai*» o* tnr*»o>
«.»% vir.*p*n«d. Only o cowp*l*r.t
% .mtld rwplQCB cryttol o« co*»-
Local Woman’s Club t
Continued from Page 1. Section 1
As customary, the club will
assist several needy families at
Christmas and each member
will contribute SI.OO.
The club will receive another
hipment of Claxton fruit cakes
which will be for sale by club
lumbers for the holidays, it was
tnnounced by Mi's. Thomas
A most interesting program
was presented bv Miss Pauline
Gordon, house furnishings and
lousing specialist of the N. C.
Extension Service, on Christmas
decorations. She was introduced
by Miss Pauline Callowav, Cho
wan County economics agent.
A report was heard regarding
the adult education classes at
the high school, which have
proved a success
Mrs. R. J. Bovce, chairman of
the 1961 Pilgrimage of Colonial
Edenton and Countryside, re
ported that the committee had
nut and plans are progressing
for the tour April 14, 15 and 16.
Broad Breasted Bronze
D BESS!-: I)
Crown With Special Balanced
LESTER T. COPELAND
TYNER, N. ('.
Make Your Purchase 'Flirongh
P and Q
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The members voted to lead
the Mother’s March the fast of
January for the March of Dimes
Drive conducted by the Junior
] Chamber of Commerce.
A. Lvn Thomas of Richmond,
president of Thomas, Inc., the
company that removed the paint
from the Court House, was in
troduced to the members. Mr.
Thomas was lunching at the res
taurant and spoke briefly to the
club and said that some repairs
will be made to the brick in the
Aces Are Treated
To Steak Supper
Mayor Praises Result
Os Physical Educa
F.dcnton's Aces were treated to
a steak supper Thursday night
.U the Colonial Restaurant, the
supper having been promised to
them if they won the State Class
A A football championship.
Coach Bill Billings acted as 1
toastmaster for the occasion, ]
which was a brief but very en- j
joyable affair. He introduced
a number of special guests and ]
the only speaker was Principal!
Hiram Mayo, who spoke very
Mr. Mayo expressed his and
other school officials' apprecia
tion for the wholehearted coop- j
eration of the entire communi-]
ty in school affairs and especial-j
ly the football team. In this!
connection he said (hat the phv-]
sical education program has;
greatly improved morale in the,
school. He said that thus far
only one boy had been sent to!
his office due to major refrac- j
tion of school rules. Mr. Mayo
wound up his brief remarks by
saying that he is glad to be a
part of Edenton.
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Shadowline Presents The 5
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Fabulous Lc-ok . . . The Fabulous eFel of Sacintri<|iie. ;!
* SATIN SUE.
Shaiiowline Specialty Pajamas in the
fluid figure perfection the fabulous
feel of satintrique fabric. Satiny ele
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easy cut and perfect fit of this three
quarter sleeve, long trouser pajama all
combine to make this pajama and its
matchmate coat a must for every coin
-1 plete wardrobe.
Pink, Blue, Red.
Jyf Edenton, N.C. || |)
In Safety Campaign
In the interest of highway
safety, schools in Chowan, Per
quimans and Gates counties were
asked to space approximately ■
30 minutes for the week ending j
December 16, according to Cor-!
poral Lem S. Meiggs of the State
This period was used by Pa
trolman D. Skiles, who lectured •
on the importance of highway
Corporal Meiggs says he is
happy to report that all schools
have shown complete interest
and cooperation in the program.]
Churches of these same coun
ties have also been asked to par
ticipate in a similar safety cam
paign for the month of Decem
Matching Satintrique Coat . . . The
beautifully simple cut is enhanced by a
nylon satin collar . . . nylon satin cuffs
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Pink, Blue, Red.
Sizes Small. Medium. Large.
Open House Sunday.
At Methodist Church
Open house will be
at the Methodist parsonage Sun
day afternoon, December 18,
trom 3 to 5 o'clock. It is hopecV
every member of the congrega-0
tion as well as other friends
will visit the parsonage at thaf
time in order to inspect recent
improvements made to the
Later in the evening young
people from the Methodist and
Episcopal Churches will make a
trip around town singing Christ 1
mas carols, after which they will
be entertained at the parsonage
by the Rev. and Mrs.
All over the world people are
seeking peace of mind, but there
can be no peace of mind with
out strength of mind.
► —Eric B. Gutkind.