By WILBORNE HARRELL
William Morgan is dead. Dead call.
before the guns of a Cuban fir
ing squad and now lies in a
lonely grave on foreign soil, far
from his home and native land.
It is difficult to understand
how an American can become
involved in any activity that
carries a communist taint, but it
is easy to see and understand
William Morgan’s motives —for
• throughout it all he was only
following the siren beckoning
qall of adventure. A soldier of
fortune to the last, he died as
many before have died: seeking
with restless impetuosity the
will o’ the wisp of adventure’s
Weekly Legislative Summary
Tin? is one in a series of weekly sum
maries prepared by the legislative staff J
of the Institute of Government on the '
work of the North Carolina General
Assembly of 1961. It is confined to
discussions of matters of general in
terest and major importance.
The legislative pace quickened;
In this fifth full week of the 1
session. Ninety-nine new bills
Were introduced, bringing the to-j
tal for both houses to 362. As
the week ended the three pre-j
dieted major issues of the ses
sion—taxes, legislative represen
tation, and court revision had
been outlined in various bills
embodying competing points of
Legislative composers produc
ed several variations on the!
revenue theme during the week.!
Three major bills to produce
new revenue were introduced.
HB 194, by Rep. Arledge of;
Polk, would tax cigarettes at the!
rate of 3c per package of 20;
large cigars at lc; small cigars;
at 14c; and smoking tobacco at
the rate of l%c for each 10c or
major fraction thereof of retail [
price. SB 86, introduced by Sen.
Thomas of Union and Sen. Mor
gan of Cleveland would impose
tobaeco taxes identical to those
U6ISB 194, and in addition would
tm Soft drinks as follows: lc
m each 12 ounces, or fraction
Ap&reof, of bottled drinks; lc on
each sc, or fraction thereof, on
retail price of fountain drinks
not prepared with syrup; and 76c
per gallon of syrup. Milk and
fruit drinks would be exempt!
under specified conditions. HB
222, by Rep. Kemp and Arledge
deals with all the taxes em
bodied in the other two bills as
well as those covered by HB
175 (the Administration Revenue
Bill) and HB 143 (liquor tax in
crease). The ‘‘Kemp Bill” would
increase the liquor tax an ad
ditional 5%, as compared to the
Administration’s recommended 2
percent. It would remove sales
tax exemptions from certain
farm, industrial and commercial
machinery and supplies, and
would tax these items at 1%
(subject to SBO maximum on
1 most machinery); the present l%\
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As a boy back in Toledo, Ohio,
we wonder how much and how
. often this lad dreamed of what
lay beyond the hills, and what
adventure may hold for him,
, when he grew up and set out
to seek his fortune.
Yes, adventure may be a
boy’s dream and hold for him
' all that life may offer. But
only too often does the trail that
; leads to far-off lands and mys
tery and thrills lead to the dead
end of death.
William Morgan is dead. He
: has found the end of that trail,
j but in its finding he met death
i tax on automobiles and the SBO ‘
J limit would be retained (the Ad
ministration bill would increase
i this tax to 2% but would retain
t the present limit); food and
medicines would continue to be
wholly exempt from the sales
tax; political subdivisions of the
State could obtain a refund on
sales and use taxes paid by
them, if they filed a proper ap
plication with the Commission
er of Revenue. The Kemp Bill
would also tax soft drinks at
roughly % the rate proposed in!
SB 86, and would tax tobacco!
products at approximately the;
same rate as both SB 86 and!
HB 194. The Kemp Bill would!
snuff out the exemptions enjoy
ed by ‘‘eating” tobacco under all
the other bills; chewing tobacco
and snuff would be taxed at the
rate of lc per 3 ounces.
The introduction of about a
I dozen bills in the motor 'vehicles
! field this week places before the
legislature all but one of the
j proposed changes in the law of
j ficially sponsored by the De
' partment of Motor Vehicles. The
two most important proposals are
ones that failed in 1959. Senator
Moore introduced 9B 97 and 98
containing this session’s versions 1
of scientific tests for determining j
intoxication of drivers and an-!
nual mechanical inspection of j
vehicles. Drinking drivers whoj
refuse to allow their blood, sa-'
liva, urine or breath to be test
ed for alcoholic content would
be subject to suspension of their
drivers’ licenses by the Depart
ment of Motor Vehicles. The
inspection bill provides for li
censing of private garages which
will inspect and issue a one
year inspection sticker for SI.OO.
Two bills would affect license
plate procedures. HB 107, in
troduced in late February, al
lows license plates to stay with'
the owner rather than follow the
vehicle. SB 89 would have em
ployees of the Department of
Motor Vehicles issue all license
plates in place of the present
system of contracting with pri
vate agencies for distribution
THE CHOWAN HERALD
with his adventurer’s boots still
on. He met his fate with calm
ness, and with the courage that
befits an American.
An adventurer to the end,
when the guns of 'the firing
squad rang out, William Morgan
set out on his last adventure.
PERSONAL NOTE—I have been
using. my father’s old walking
stick for several days after a
bout with illness. But getting
used to carrying if is worse than
wearing a Western hat for the
No compromise with Communism!
over much of the state.
“Loopholes” in the present law
are plugged in SB 92 and 93.
The first bill deletes the pro
vision giving an appeal to a
higher court the effect of coun
teractin gthe departmental sus
pension or revocation of the de
fendant’s driver’s license that
would otherwise follow. Under
the second bill, two offenses of
speeding within a 12-month pe
riod rather than two convictions
would allow license suspension;
some defendants have been
known to postpone trial dates
to avoid the present law.
The question of speeding is
treated in three bills. HB 101,
which has passed the House and
has been reported favorably in
the Senate', would allow cars
pulling light trailers to go fast
er than the general 45 mph
limit for towing vehicles. HB
235 would repeal the speed
limit exemption granted to am
bulances. SB 94, an “official”
bill, uniformly provides that
speeding more than 15 mph
over any established speed limit
would require mandatory license
suspension for 30 days on con
viction; the law now mainly
applies to speeds 15 mph great
er than the open-road limits.
Other proposals with the bless
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ing of the Department of Motor
Vehicles would make it unlaw
ful to drive under the influence
of any drug (SB 96), license
commercial driver training
schools (HB 223), and change
the point system (HB 224). The
latter bill raises the point values
of illegal passing and driving on
the wrong side of the road from
3 to 4 and adds following too
close (4 points) and running
through a stop sign (3 points)
as speific offenses carrying more
than the 2 points for basic traf
fic violations. After increasing
points, the bill further strength
ens the law by lengthening the
point accumulation period from
2 to 3 years.
HB 204 would prevent the
compulsory liability insurance
law from expiring automatically
on May 15. HB 239 would pre
vent an insurance company
from cancelling a paid-up auto
mobile liability policy except
up the policyholder’s conviction
of a motor vehicles offense pun
ishable by more than 60 days
imprisonment, SIOO fine, or both.
HB 1. which would reappor
tion State House seats among
the various counties according
to the existing constitutional for
mula, passed the House Tuesday
without a dissenting vote, al
though Rep. Coates of Johnston
(which would lose a seat) was
moved to remark that he felt
like the ox being led to the'
chopping block. The bill is now!
in the Senate Committee on
Elections Laws and Legislative
Representation. On Thursday.
Rep. Wooten of Pitt introduced
a Constitutional amendment;
which would provide for a 150- j
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EDENTON, N. C.
member House, with the existing
formula to be applied to appor
tion the 50 seats remaining after
each county has been allotted
one representative; the bill also
includes the apportionment
which would become effective
for the 1963 General Assembly—
Guilford and Mecklenburg would
get 7 seats each; Forsyth and
Wake, 5 each; Buncombe and
Cumberland, 4 each; Durham
and Gaston., 3 each; and 20 coun
ties would get 2 seats each. The
Wooten bill would provide for
automatic reapportionment of
seats after each federal census,
the actual apportionment to be
done by the Speaker, thus elimi
nating the recurring temptation
to ignore the Constitutional man
Anyone planning to steal goods
valued between SIOO and S2OO
would be well-advised to wait
until July 1, 1961. On that date,
under SB 29 ratified this week,
larceny of personal property of
this value will drop from a fel
ony to a misdemeanor. Con
cern for the crowded superior
courts, rather than a tenderness
toward 'thieves motivated the
sponsors of the bill. Felonies
must be tried in superior court,
but misdemeanors can go into
recorder’s courts in most coun
ties. Another larceny bill, SB
30, is less comforting to the of
fender; it makes the slim-slam
game or other larceny by trick
a felony, no matter how small
the value of Ihe property taken.
SB 99 would expand the mem
bership of the Board of Conser
vation and Development to 28,
while reducing members’ terms|
to 4 years ... SB 91 establishes
a more complete and specific
plan for succession to major
state offices . . . HB 234 extends
the coverage of the minimum
wage law to embrace establish
ments employing as many as 3
persons at one time . . . Appar
ently some lawmakers watched
the telecost of the Wake Forest-
St. John’s basketball game, rath
er than following the story of
state legislatures which was ap
pearing at the same time on
another TV network; at any rate
a resolution congratulating the
Demon Deacons was introduced
and passed Wednesday morning.
Peggie J. Elliott In
Twenty students at East Caro
lina College are participating in
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Thursday, March 23,1961
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