I Reprinted from October 6th Charles Krauthammer
, issue of Time Magazine.
j The New Prohibitionism
The crusade against tobacco is relentless. Why does booze get a free ride?
The oddest thing about the current national
crusade against tobacco is not its frenzy?our culture
lives from one frenzy to the next?but its selectivity.
Of course tobacco is a great national killer. It deserves
all the pummeling it gets. But alcohol is a great national killer
j too, and it has enjoyed an amazingly free ride-amid the fury of
the New Prohibitionism.
Joe Camel has been banished forever, but those beloved
I Budweiser frogs-succeeded by even cuter Budweiser
lizards?keep marching along, right into the consciousness of
every TV-watching kid in the country.
For 26 years television has been free of cigarette ads. Why?
l>cv?u3c i? persuades as notlung else,
and we don't want young people- ?
inveterate TV watchers-persuaded.
Yet television is
bursting with exhortations << . ?j
to drink. TV sports in par- k
ticular, a staple of adoles- * . ?
cents, is one long hymn T :]
to the Tories of beer. , (!
And the sports-wor
shipping years are precisely
the time that kids \ C 3
learn to drink. The median
age at which they start drinking
is just over 13. A 1990 survey found that 56% of students in
Grades 5 through 12 say alcohol advertising encourages them
to drink. Surprise!
Am I for Prohibition?jhlo. But I am for a little perspective.
We tend to think of the tupi-of-the-century temperance movement
as little blue-haired ladies trying to prevent people from
having a good time on Saturday night. In fact, the temperance.
movement was part of a much larger progressive movement
seeking to improve the appalling conditions of the urban working
class. These were greatly exacerbated by rampant alcoholism
that contributed to extraordinary levels of spousal and
child abuse, abandonment and destitution.
Alcohol is still a cause of staggering devastation. It kills
100,000 Americans a year?not only from disease but also from
accidents. In 1996,41% of all U.S. traffic fatalities were alcohol
related. It causes huge economic losses and untold suffering.
Why, then, do the Bud frogs get to play the Super Bowl while
Joe Camel goes the way of the Marlboro Man?
The most plausible answer is that tobacco is worse because
' it kills more people. Indeed it does. But lOO.OOO people a year
is still a fair carnage. Moreover, the really compelling comparison
is this: alcohol is far more deadly than tobacco to innocent
bystanders. In a free society, should we not consider behavior
that injures others more worthy of regulation than behavior 1
that merely injures oneself? The primary motive for gun con-!
trol, after all, is concern about homicide, not suicide.
The antitobacco folk, aware of this bedrock belief, try to
play up the harm smokers cause others. Thus the attorneys ^
general seeking billions of dollars in damages from the tobac- j
co companies are claiming that taxpayers have been unfairly*
made to pay for the treatment of smoking-related illnesses.
A clever ploy. But the hardheaded truth is that premature
death from smoking, which generally affects people in their
late-middle and early retirement years, is an economic boon to
society. The money saved on pensions and on the truly expen
sive health care that comes with old
age?something these smokX
ers never achieve?surely
balances, if it does not
exceed, the cost of
The alternative and
more dramatic antitobacco
tacbc is to por\
. 'Jr tray smoking as an assault
on nonsmokers via secondhand
smoke. Now, secondhand smoke is
certainly a nuisance. But the claim that it is a killer is highly dubious.
"The statistical evidence," reported the nonpartisan Congressional
Research Service in 1994, "does not appear to support
a conclusion that there are substantive health effects of passive
Unlike secondhand smoke, secondhand booze is a worldclass
killer. Drunk driving alone kills 17,000 people a year. And
alcohol's influence extends far beyond driving: it contributes to
everything from bar fights to domestic violence. One study
found that 44% of assailants in cases of marital abuse had been
drinking. Another study found that 60% of wife batterers had
been under the influence. Whatever claims you make against to- w
bacco, you'd have quite a time looking for cases of the nicotinecrazed
turning on their wives with a butcher knife.
Moreover, look at the kinds of people alcohol kills. Drunk
drivers kill toddlers. They kill teens. They kill whole families.
Tobacco does not kill toddlers and teens. Tobacco strikes late.
It kills, but at a very long remove in time. Its victims generally
have already had their chance at life. Tobacco merely shortens
life; alcohol can deprive people of it
. Still undecided which of the two poisons is mori deserving
of social disapprobation? Here's the ultimate test Ask yourself
this: If you knew your child was going to become addicted to either
alcohol or tobacco, which would you choose?
Along the Robeson Trail
by Dr. Stanley Knick
^ Director, UNCP Native American Resource Center )
In the search for the broadest
possible context for the Lumbcc, we
have for several weeks been looking at
prehistory. We have examined the
very concept of prehistory itself, and
have reviewed what is general ly known
from various sources about the four
major divisions of prehistory: PalcoIndian,
Archaic, WooJland and
Mississippian. But what evidence
exists to show that the people in these
divisions of prehistory have anything
to do with the Lumbcc?
here in the land of the Lumbee reveal
that what is now Robeson County was
occupied throughout Palco-Indian,
Archaic and Woodland times. Simply
put, ancestral Native Americans were
here beginning by at least 12-10,000
years B. C., and continued here
apparently consistently into the 1700s
It is important to recall that less
than one percent of the total land area
in Robeson County has been
I systematically examined for
archaeological evidence (no more than
5,000 of the 607,104 acres). Jn this
very small sample area, three sites
have been located and documented
which contain Paleo-Indian arofacts
(projectile points). One hundred and
twenty three (123) sites have beer
found which contain Archaic artifacts
(projectile points, nutting stones, atlatl
weights, drills, axes, etc.). Twc
hundred and twenty five (225) sites
have been identified which contair
Woodland artifacts (projectile points,
ceramics, etc.). Three of those
Woodland period sites have been found
tocontain what may be Mississippianinfluenced
There is no evidence to suggest
that successive waves of migrants
entered this region during prehistory.
Instead, it seems that the same
lineages of Native people lived through
cultural changes which we now sec as
the development from Paleo-Indian to
Archaic to Woodland culture.
Now consider three facts. First,
in this collection of Robeson County
archaeological sites thirty one sites arc
included which have late Woodland
materials (the period from 1200-1750
A. D.). Second, Angus McLean (along
with others) wrote in the 1880s that
when "...white settlers first arrived they
found located on the waters of the
Lumbce, as Lumber River was then
called, a tribe of Indians speaking
broken English (published in
McPhcrson's 1915 Indians of North
Carolina.)." Third, many modem
Lumbee arc able to trace their
genealogical ancestry back to that
I "tribe of Indians" (or to some other
: Indians from nearby tribes).
I If we put these three facts
i together, it seems inescapable to
! conclude that the prehistoric people
I who left hundreds of archaeological
? sites here in the land of the Lumbee arc
> indeed ancestors of the living
Aside from the irony that some
people doubled ten years ago that
archaeological investigations here
would produce much, we have found
really very few surprises in the
archaeological record of Robeson
County, ^hc increase in numbers of
sites as we move from Palco-Indian
(3) to Archaic (123) to Woodland (225)
iscxaclly what one would expect given
the growth of population size in ?
prehistory. That is, there were few
Paleo-Indians, more Archaic Indians,
and even more Woodland Indians. In
addition, all the readily identifiable
types of projectile points (spearheads
and arrowheads) found elsewhere in
North Carolina have also bccti found
here, just as one might have predicted.
Further, archaeological sites arc
distributed along strcams-and on sand
ridges t'l over the county. And, as
elsewhere, there is still much more to
be learned through archaeology about
Thus .s the Lumbccconiinuc their
hundred-year struggle for federal
recognition, it would seem that
archaeological evidence ? the
prehistoric context of the Lumbcc ?
would be important both to Native and
non-Native people. iW prehistoric
context Ls, after all, the root from vw^ich
the mighty tree of the Lumbcc Nation
has grown. For more information,
visit the Native American Resource
Center in historic Old Main Building,
on the campus of The University of
North Carolina at Pembroke.
Robeson Community College
Post Office Box 1420
Lumbedon, North Carolina 28359
Now leasing 1 and 2
bedroom apts. Starting
a $297 per month.
apts. available. Limited.
Open Mon., Wed. & Fri.
LARRY K BROOKS
Woking For You on the
Pembroke town Council
LARRY T BROOKS VOttf fOf EXpOtlOHCB
*20 Years on the Pembroke Town Council
*14 Years as Mayor Pro Tom
*16 Years in Private Business: Owner/Operator-Lela Anne's
Learning Center (Employs 6 full-time employees; 2 part-time
*16 Years Member Lumbee Guaranty Bank Board of Direc
*13 Years Principal of a Public School-Supervises 35 employees
*Veteran of the United States Army
Vote for Continued Progress
During the Past 20 Years Our Town Has:
*Received more than $14,300,000 in Federal and State Funds
for Community Development and Other Needed ProjectsReceived
S5.4 Million during the last four years.
*Grown from a tax base of $9,000,000 to more than $70,000,000
and continues to grow rapidly.
A larger tax base means lower tax rates!
Vote for Someone Who Speaks
Up For Your Best interests
*W? must continue to hold the line on taxes and water and
*Continued, Open, Responsive Goverment and Equal Treatment
for All with Special Privileges for None.
^ Your Vote will be appreciatedI A
Say you read)
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