THU R S DAY, ' i)j C R MB K It 16,71802.; Vol. VT. No. 3010-
Wring elements and toxexfraa feliciiy and
Vim the (London) Morning Post;
CHARACTER OF THOMAS JEFFER.
. . ; . . SON, ; 7
Now Prtftde tit of the Untied States.
M rt. ii.iimn nnmt Ihe mr imnonanl i 'K"T ' ' ll'"ul M ""
c,.v.irk...;i-, nv, ; ().,.. tue.and led it in the awful contemplation of
4V YjTay be acceptable 10 our reader: ihii ene l whlch bis humanity fliuddcrs. Imi
pottjtf'o'CaT'great, and-juprighf Hatefman, N wonder, therefore, 'chat his. opinions are
pamat antfuhilofopher, is the production of . the P1001 i'wova'rions of the philofopher, wba
n American oeh. and wis drawn rlnrinrr wtfhes, to tepair the injuries which an uniufl
-'ill. In noliiical ferment in th' nn;!5 policy' hat occafioned in the world i that he
oide'r frci inilery and coafulion. Experience
and bbfeivaiino havepointed out to him the
wrecks iof ambition and defpoiifm, rof error
and prejudiccTfiej: have con vejed hu mind
through :he' various rrgions of fociety, familia.
rifed it with the melancholy exhibition of loll
HoweCfVsyer fell .i:,riftitn. ibahc.QiimiiAt'jif J't-'piAdit''ah(1 eight pence n notty
provoi'iiori whTcb fo often illiirh little mindi. (tall o 8) i And for ih itrtt ,dne oaT
HTt'coe'tembt for unjuft cenfure. his dignified t ihefe certificate, up to the dateA'of the "tefteo
rferyteath the infolence of tni.nifleri! te.
rjkiiijrujitaken feremly, whtle the
Jwllot juic Woild, Wa moving around him,
rnVitk ioapable of.boIdinV'wi'y t de.
fianctlViiifcingmankjtid. u theyM.Hjr are,
' bia'iTcdlrffioti . f way ed by prejudice, and
with iajfa citiioal!r ;Ootn to the mvotaimni
of indwjdjal ititereft,r-be fland aloot in the
tenemftit of hit own e'xaliedmind, and, Jike
live purchafe?, I have ifTued, in Sedience to tfi -aft
above referred todne hundred and twenty
eight (l8) certifictrtjj amoqnting ia ,th
.wkole ro eight thoufand fire hundred and Aine
ty-nine pounda eight hillings and five' penc
- In compliance wUh the ,direfliOni of
the laft Aflcmbly, 1 hareVefted the 'too-
nt)t h?rofey-e recetved by me for thel
ule ol Npit-CaroUha, as the interefi
Jupiter from 0!yn7ptuaryyilb iereitijVj
: that he and.iilioce the ta -e-oMewp.re .c tse i d rci0;bfernent. of her (loct. in the
1 n I , I I. ... L'.. ... ...mrm ikil nkU,. . -I "'' - - ...
Sia.ev, ; : jcnenines t tie to a a peculiar triDute to nn o'n Rnn "'."H "i: y . . ' " ffunds of the: United States, uo to the
TH Iperiordininaion which Mr. Tef. W .be.oderfl.od.ng con.hrpsV e; o. rnua, ot "! ' nR of December laft. in three oer t.
Rfe tfon ha, .cT1ired,in the political orld i. ,h ran he.. Upon th.s ra. pno, . enor e ""VJrZi K " ' 2 8 per ce.it. .flock, 6f the fa'id fondi, '
pnuinmropny mr. icnerion is ioc " T. k XS"" ' . Tl,nf. r.5 V i..'
nf ihe wml.l t.;iri P..io. f, flj in attach - them bv aHa orpetuJincy and Dy . teq.iacnv. . '1 v uwu.
bunded u;un the alliance of virtue and for
ue. Great event! give binh to great 'ialentt
t i not dimcult to Jay, however, that had the
evolution in America never taken- place, he
kouid nave men to CQniioeraoie tame in tne
tpublic fit jetteis and phylofophy. The ad
uniagss of an excallcnt education, liabin of
pplfiatin and fludy, were circurnRances that
ave to iU. mind an inclination for phylulo
hical aiiil literary putfuiu. Mil " Notes on
e flaii'df VirgiiMa,", is,a" work-replete with
IIIC WUI I'll 1IAC V4I.V livn .mpii-".- - - j :i ('if J- I I 111
ent to hi Vountry but, like' Socrates, his . He'has 4 knowledge of humAn nature, teach- " haindred and forty dollars and
Seaiona embrace the univerTe. If wiil be ing'biun -iafn M the itivohiity vbHt J fiV'5.?.U VJ'fetllriSL -i5)'JK'
iffirult to"reroncile the prfnciples of fuch a ' en v,4fJl i cot.fck-d that it U- the-medium Vvhtch I. nave caufed to be pmhafed fix "
difficult to "reconcile the ptmciples of J
charafler. wiih the views and inclinations that
govern the parafne of defpotifm. Thefirft are s nt tonfirious of 'daferving reproach, .and
?Aj-j'' - L.r.. i' l i?ifi. r;." r.i.ni v....l.. m .u . ......
of thevka.';n dT truth is famficd that he
founded upon a bails whole rru'.h 11 irrelmi
blc, whofe Origin is nature, whofe aurikufe
mofliiy, whofe effence ieifon. The lafl fe'i
nature at defiance, confiders morality. as mock.
lent J ir dilcoveied at one a unnd lagacious a,IU '"ion i a iwl-ii, uicreiote, rvir.
i,d inqriifuive ; a mipd capable, by the gra; Jclferfoo differ it) opinion wiih many of his
yal means of experiment and rational deduc coontry.metii, it is becaale he differs in the 'de.
''on, of unfo'ding the fubli.me.fl p'rir(ciles of. gr"e .f elUmation in which thefe things are
t.,ih.' The fame great event which has im aiutually held. He considers itature the lonrce
lortalifcd the fftni'M of American Damotifm. o( every human right, morality the baGs, and
d rlrawn froid' oblcuruy the mo bnlliani Meaionne guide ot evtry nusnjn atiion.ut
Ut.i in tbe field atvd cabinet, paid equal corfc, he perceives no grades of fociey, nr)
i 1 .a: n . 11 r . j 1 niiiiti niiiinrii.ni rnhtinri ma Marir.ia a.
n.uie to tne virtues oj.ivir, jenerion, ana 1 -nivii. , vuunuv.. ,,.v. w mt
jve hfm diflinflion in the firfl rank of lla'tcf. lource of all power, as the guardians of thetr
. f n ' I r 1 ir yUt. tl - L .11-....-...' T.. .L-
in. - A i ia nrii ihock oi iii. ronvii ian. vwn !; . iic uim uuwtii.ci iuf inc
jhuh eventua'lv fcparated the .continent of particular fifVation in 'whith.be. has found
. - 1 1 .
mtric.from Great. JSruain. the Dhilofaohi. manmna. ue endeavours to rccrTncila their
I ..'.H 1--... t.!. 1 J ' t Atffrnt int.rafli ku I n ft i f r 9 irtna klrnlii. IA
it apparatus icii iro'ii un iisru. uutazu i - wr iim.i.nunny n
y that genuine patriottlrn which -Xiciifices produce the moll extcnfive and complete feli;
rivateinierell lo.Dublic felicity, he exchanir-1 cir Coniuftirg nature, hii maxims of go
d rural eafe and retirement for the buRIc of I jtrotriei are pure and titnpJe They do not
ciive life, llie refearchts of itudy for the ; mote partake too mnefc of that over llramed energy
iportant duties of the cabinet. In this li.l wntcn Dordcrs on opprenion, or ot that loole,
jtion Mr. IctTerfon feems lo have been Je-l lieen'ioui fana'icifm, which is connefled wi h
ncd bycha'acterA talent, td combine with 'be fubverfion of ali order and fecuriiy in go.
e loiiaity me aaraoiiny oi rrputation ; nis i ","",,1 ntj pwmi sriuuiijr'i rciuun
Ivtneement was gradual, and everv fleo of it 1 of abufei which have cenlliiuted the ffeaiell
as tnatked by a difplay of abilities that was thare of mifery in fociety, which he confidersl pe,r invulnerable to the hafts of malignity
... ' . . '.... I " r n r I' r I ...l.:,L f.ll ...1 . . L " ' II . I
a v honourable to himle l. and coraocient as tne excreicence ot nate ana germ ot aet-1 "" " nmmu ifp ciuntea
the ..fhtulties occafioned by the nrecipi-l poiifm. It i faid, tkar Mr. Jcfferfon it a
jney of events. There it a contemptible ac. philofopher, that conlccjwently he poHe Iff s a pe-
v 1 1 v , which faenhces pcrfonal dignity and I culiar call f mud thai unhis him tor the dts.
deprudence to the rage of ambition, and thel ties of a Aa'efman. Let this objection rclt in
-fire of fame. Not contented wiih 'tlie in-1 the bofom of the illiberal paraft'ea of power.
rnal cor.fciousnefs of defervtng applaufe,! wlio fit at -the foouQool of defpotifm, and
thoufand nina hundred and ninety-fix
dollars ot three per cent, flock, ().6 996)
and eleven thoufand one hundred dollars
of eight per cent. tlock fD.it.ioo:) the
nnt at yie rate ot hlty-ieven per cent.
(57) and the latter at the rate of one
lundred jand clen and a half per cent.
in 1-2 1 as per the account and vonch
era herewith prefcntel. I flatter myfelf,
:. in s. - ;i : 1 j-j 1
n.wuvpc icauijy pcrccivea ana aamitteo,
that there purchafes have been mad? cm
advantageous terms, andon a commiU
ion uncommonly low. ana tnac the le
;iflatiirc vrill approve of and be fatisfred
Unvctftd as, I was in bufinefs of thii"
kind, and far tliftant from ihofe rlacea
at whicb purchafes of flock might be
made. 1 JtU it a little difficulty and
cmbarraiTment when it became necefTary
for me' t decide ori the morfe throug,hi '
which the intentions of the lepiflatur
wiih rcipeci 10 it, mignt oe tne molt ad
vantagcotifly and, completely effedled x
411 1 his uuncuiiy i applied to general
St 1 el e, then at Wafhington, retueftinrf
m uii.c auu aumance, ana witnai oi
fering to him a commiffion on the in.
tended irurchafe's, in cafe he weuld ef
fect them. His anfwtr purported that
he would readily,- and with pleafure ren.'
dcr to the flate of North. Carolina, every
aid and aflillance in his power ; but, that
on this occafion, it mufl be explicitly
underflood, that he would aflift me, on
the ex prefi condition, that neither com
miffion nor other compenfation or re
ward whatever, fhould be effered him
for fo doing, at ha would receive none 1
And thereupon, he obligingly procured
me a warrant on the Bank of the United
States arid advtfed and dire&ed be bu fi
ne fi throiuxhout, This is mentioned,1
. t .1 r tm
iiui uicrciy wnn.tne viewer proielling
my petfonal obligations to Mr. Stiili
for the afliflante he was plea fed to ren
der meon this occafion but in juflice
10 Him.- and under the imareffinn that t
II.U I M m .
eniali of their fincerity, were qual.caii,.s I Jdufions of eirr. and the delufion of error lit rfiy duty, and took occaiiot. facn after the i CVVC 11 t0. he-fglflatofe afld 16 myfelf,'
hich called him to the higheft drpiumrnis of I with the inofl brutal tyranny, - Urate the li. rile of the tail AfTcmbiy, 10 make ihe neeef-jj01 10 w,,l,no'J rorn them a CrYCWm
a e. If I may be permuted to gve ao pi-1 cetdioufne't of covrt. andtbe'enormout crimes I fate remittance to ih Citv r( Vi(li!nion.! fiance which had fuch influence In the
t f- 1 i . . . I rr I . ... . T ..I - ' . O fl. A . -
it DiMincai pnnopiei vtviu jru.r-101 ambition nence tne ccid fnuotopny waicni me turn due at the balance ol this debi, a. "-.T7 nMnpiunmcnt or ine DUIinciS
11 ce oramn item ine aggregate qua itnnii tne warmm ol benevolence, and lacrs. I ihoun 11
fuch equanimity of temper, who. can rriaintain
the compofnrc of mind, and iiflen ,'i hout the
cooTetousnefs of defervtng it, furely fuch a man
l enti led to the tirft place in our e deem.
Thry Ure, attributes which few mep' poiTcfi,
arsf ih.pf.oduelittgDf; the mofl difficult of all
artainmiitiivrhe nrMyU'dge and efleem of our.
ff Iv'CfMl -Pow1. froftv an elevated philofdjTly
that -dj&'fttffiY. in fonftiojis reftittide,
which. rrachryfairVaVarce, whilft it re Lies
out i kpAedgV' tof 1umn nature, and views
1 he 4tTHtf.faffio0'si.oian k i nd atcennetted
wijl tl'delfiny focial life. To defcend
froM ibia-t'igo'ififd Inhere of human reafon
Wci'td hedoirg. violence to -the lancluary of
philtfo)l.7. His enemies .may deli re it. and
e'ek occaftoo fot that triumph which pertina
cious nediocriiy fomeiimes acquires over, the
fubGmity of genius. He fecks the tno'.l com.
piete-security irt itirceietiiai tanftiiay.oi icif-
applauie, m ire fteady difcharge of dunes
committed to his care, in an inllexthility to ill,
and in the hbltinacy otjutuce. The arts of
malice, and the rude voce of failion, affail
him in viin. The fenfclefs clamours of his e.
ntniies ntlike no impreCion on him. He ap-
wuun uii everj wucrc arouna mm, blunted
by the istvihCble dignity of hit charafler and
I .tbe nigh refpcclability ol his taleais.
TiwfdiyrNo. . "
The Sptilier laid beloic the hour. tH fotAnwiiif
nd wailing with compofure for the period dread the influence of a ftngle auali6cation eomimiiilonromihe f nbiic Tictfuier, whi.h ws
.hich (liall teflowit, it goes intfearch of that might foften the affliftioMot a nation.
mmerited Itaielt, and courts the actjuifuion For ray patt, I fee not the incompatibility V liL IfUNOURABLE
t the expence of everr feotiment of delica complained of. The philofopher is nothing ht Gtncrnl Affembly $ the Stat
IN the belief that it is proper,
I woo1d a St
ry ajd propriety. lh' imnutaiinn never I more than a beipg whole morality is elevated ,
IsrniQied the character of Mr Jracrfon. Thelfchofe opinions are drawn from the cnnvie-
ilirages of hit country were wilely difpoled I Hons M truth and re a Ion j whole expanded
f. He Jefrrtrd consideration and h ob.f iniellet't difdarna the that klos of arejodict leave to inform votv that owing-to a variety
liiatd it- He never followed fame, bin fame 1 and whofe foul looks with complicency upon I cf caufes, which it iay riot be neceiTary here
loneart to have vurfueJ him ihrnurh erv 1 the e'nuif and fal'ibililies of mankind. The I to detsil. ihe drhi eonirafled kv ihi
Itet-arttneni in which fortune or circumflaace I reveife of ihefe trualtfieationt confliiutei the with the government of Martinique., during
the resolutions war. bid never been fullv
paid : To effeft- the eaiim uiOiane nt of i. and
. Ipoach or private malice, and principles Mhcfe j chain which conncOs isnmuraliiy with I cvn J tn compliance with tbe wifhts of the' legifia
laurdnefs and moderation, are the Ifll teQi iirmpi for truth, a contempt for truib with ihe hure, fmro time to lime exptcITcd, I confidcrrd
i tipeari to have purtued hm through every the cnerf and lal ioiimts ol madRind. me
tepartmeni in which fortune or circumflaace revet fe of ihe fa truil'ificst'ions con dilutes the
uve p'scrd him.' An undriBaodmg clear and features of tyranny 'whenever it .is. blended
'ajsciou, integrity unpolluted by public re. with cxtenfive power. Thf re is an iriviribla
had remained long unpaid, had not wiih which 1 was charged by them.
in- 1 Canons f his chiraaer. This mode, how. fues ori the polluted altars of defpotifm tbe incresfed, inafinucb at it was fr imered j ike I For the further information "of thtf
s'r.O I ve, may commonly be a' ve,ry fallible one happioelt of mil iont. Difiaining ihe cha. debt wai therefore finally eaiingu feed by ihe j Gvreral AlTcmbly, it may not be imprJM
lh In fofiomg our judgment, tecaufe ihe mofl tatter of a courtier, where pufilanimity'and payment of five hundred & mneiy-twopoundi, per for me to add thai it will be found
lunly vittue., and moR brilliant intellect! la'iety are the fie pi by which the obfequious cgkteen hillings and eicht pence, on theafinhlliv th (Vmmln Arr;... .v.:-- .
w :t oo of,eMo cocfl.a wttts the latent feelings aufe lo fame and d.ffiefi.on, Mr. Jetfeifoo day of January lafl, to M. Fichon, ihe Frenth infpecftion of mv Public accottnr . t frl-
2g IX tUe he.,1. D.a it would be unchari.able in has rifea to .he highel effices of govetr ment Coi.ful refident at W.n,ig.on. 'n,. remit. Jd w T
rci Ue P'f "ftce to conceive a d.fpari.) bv h.town intrinGc merit. The hmpliciiy ol tance for ihia pwrpoft I took ihe liberty of ad. .T .V" ,?r.l If n . t
Uet lfh,lh "uh,, l0,fi,m4 ,u ,utr lk' ' 'be lefervedfefscfhis lem. drclirf to the Hon. Mr. Macon, of Con- r l , ! n ,r"rrT of flate, from the
'h . I ttr ItwouUba batbiroui in violate ike per, are ihe cbarafleriSliti of a vigorous mind, grefi, ard fhould U unjufl to bim, were I j J V, 0VeJ mbef ' 8tf 19 lhfirft
. nitmenti of .benevolence, and lo reproach which grafps at higher bjefli ihan tt mt.e not loadd, that it was through hiiobtigiag aid of. November, iJol amount lo"
r mi ui x mi uiitii w 1 1 1 va a i uiu mi acj. t airi an niriistrsr. mm ri m wm mm - sin arrs stn n srw a m m m r m 1 11 1 1 m wmr m n tLikaia tkA a m tww iiia aiiu 1111 iwarivaaK
li U ianpoffille te'ti.ark the piortcit ! tile Ifi at once fo amiable and (m dlrn.hrd.lbeea 6oiIh?tI7aiid thai i n.ni in wh.rk
UJ pttlofial mcrefl in the aflnni of a ns.n.and aona whofe minnert pofTcft ia a higher II hope will provi fatnfaDory 10 tbe Ccneial
tvery patt of .tofecoudua has beta tonnett.l degree ihe iacomparahle felicity f inciting I AUrmVly.
... Br..,., mj a iai,9 ol unu.irm moi amy. ; tne combined emotion, cf attachment an J ref. I Uul of ibe moavi reraainieg in tbe Tteafury
f hU lone It di fi.t. ihrfa flvl and l.n. I all.fl ..J . --.L. n- e .L. a .
, . - inn (...) piil.gi l lUI III Bl 101 Ol
ige ate cW .nd nervous, whofe pr.nc.piei i femblr of ilot. for ihar ou'r.ofa adt and
Mivey inti .y M jgrj.ce. and iheconvtc.l Mr. IrHerlon S"etrt. from the aeemra. I nrovided. lbav ourehaf f. ik. f f
libit frlttiiy of bit temper, to have arrived at I Norih-Caroliat. md at ike rata af fifteen Qui.
Al.aaalaa !.' m a, a .
nt of eapener.ee and relietiion. iVna.
itSl piiacipletofMr. ttlleifoa are dta.ii
mm laeipandtd ieielleti, thai coofaltt the
acles ofeaturt and renfn at in only ruides.
-Boris a a priod when the who'e univerfe
ihe mod elevated height of philofophv. Ha flings for I he pouod (in.) ihe faaa of pine
hat aot efraped tin tviifonune, if it be en, iboufaod Cvabundred and frveniy'.fovr pound i,
of having enrmiei.to depreciate bit virion tad j fourteen Diilltngs & two pence (ro.74 14 s)
. 1 I I. . . " " ........... w
"t j .. 7J a ce1flu,,, ?ltr"'M fteauemly lura.n.ed pretence fyr the bitter- Under the authority o( tkit flate equal at thai
aline. It wtt Oil fluJv to n.au u k. .n ' i ' 11 . .' ....... I ...' . . .
cttumnian bit ptiaciplci. Thefe viriuet have j principtl f ibe ccrnficatea htreiofore ilfucd
niiJitd prciencet lyf ihe bitter lunacr int authority of tkn Date ; equal ai thai
The tutienuy of bit Unptr, iat, lafavae ibtafaadtent bunditd aadcigh
t . .... i a--
pounds, nine (hillings ,and ten-ptnceV
UaSi8 9 ,0) i rlthat the difburfq-
ments, for ihe fame period, Including
the monies burnt by the . lafl Aflenbly,1
andthofe paid for certificates pu5hifed
amount to thirty. five thonfand fourhon-'
dred and futy pounds, thirtee miUingi
f35.4 IJ oj leaving In the Trealury,
on the hid eay of November, 1803, the
fum ot fifty. two thoufaad lotir hundred
and twelve pounds, eighteen ftlllingq
andtwo-atncefl,4ta it 1) Ulorrinr
J to the public and jet te bet itcdeate4
r. aJtifM tWP 'i4mfiViiG