Published weekly by ALLUJ(jfiMjL,t Thkei Dollars a Year.
THURSDAY, MAY 5, 1 80S.
i - :
.tXL.7r So. 329
"Jrcm rA American .Citizen,
Where are the spectres which the
designing palt of the federalists raised
with regard to the temporary interdic
tion of our right of deposit at this
place ? They are .dissolved into " thin
air," and wafted from those perturbed
spirits. All is now hushed, Our beds
no longer shake under us ; our repose
is tranquil, and French; bayonets have
ceased to haunj the coward imagiria
. tion. "
Alas! poor federalism with all its
craft, is unable to brutalize" the Ame
rican mind and drench the country in
blood ! Its sanguinary thirsfis not to
be quenched - with war. The nume
rous rivers 'which run through the
"Western country to fertilize the land
and minister to comforts, are not desti
ned to be crimsoned With human gore!
Poor luckless federalism is thwarted at
every.step and defeated at every pro
ject ! The faction gnash their teeth,
and in " agonizing spasms," weep be
'ctutse the'eountrv is to continne bles
sed with peace, order, and tranquility.
Kentuckey is no longer in arms in
rebellion . against the government!
Hobgoblin g with his merry attending
clfs , has danced off the artificial stage,
to the great comfort of the women and
children ! Hunter is gone to New
Port, and the Kentuckians, wisely
converting their swords into nloucrh-
shares, have returned from the 4 camp'.
to the. cultivation of their farms. ,
Butjoking apurt-for the: subject is
a serious oner The designing of the
federal nartv have nnrsupH. nnHpvla.
tmgly, their grand object an encrge
tic government, or one in which the
few. shall govern the many. In the
pursuit 6f this great desideratum, no
adversity has mitigated their Zeal, or
diverted their attention from the ob
ject. From the year 1794 the peri
od of American apostacy from the
principles of the revolution to the
present time, their efforts to approach
it have, bten'uniform and unremitting.
Then the first violent attack was made,
ana tt nottiirexlevaertainlr plan
lied by Alexander Hamilton. An un
fortunate, an unconstitutional opposi
tion to the'governmcnt,, furnished for
the assault, a pretext which was em
braced with a zeal proportioned to the
hostile views of the aspiring faction.
In an instant an army wasraised to
quell indications of opposition, which,
ly the artfulness of the then secretary
of the treasury, were magnified into a
rebellion of a nature the most formi
dable and alarming. It is no impro
bable conjucture that the odious ex.
tise symstem, happily abolished by
the present .administration, was devi
sed and' recommended by Hamilton,
with a view to the effect it produced,
and which was contemplated to use
the phrase of the adverse party, the
arm of government! The project
which has Immortalized Hamilton's
hostility ti republican institutions,
succeeded, and secured to the party a
valuable and much coveted triumph.
This victory was followed by a sup
rlfmrntarv r.tl irt nniK ,T
. . Mima U It
publican government. The right of
the people to assemble for the purpose
of political deliberation was openly
denied by the federal party in Con.
gress, who left no menu untried to an
nihilate it by a legislative act.
On this occasion, as well as the one
with regard to New-Orleans, the most
groundless alarms were industriously
circulated. In this, indeed the party
have been uniform. Judging that
mankind arc governed more by pas
lion than by reason, they fly to the re-
jpons bf fancy and'romahce, and "con."
. ire up Imaginary evils to terrify
Uicmind into acquiescence, in pro.
rets of i nature the ntot Injurious.
. lay an evil of a determinate nature
:nd gi,n emlnt xit? Thcv re
rotnmcr.il ttUw that they arc deprived
f.f power, audited whenthev had
It, mcavurta muc b n.r.re pernicious
than would be the thing seemingly
7' , 7 """ weiirrcu. 1 1
It their invariable prsctke wl,cn they
,ite a peculiar object to gui. Will
,r p.-rnote their pw-pc ! Nothing
S'ldignifiril, t r'ui'ioui, so thftrrn
iiia warlike attitude; - the !,r;n
fMjsul of the clarion ; lie ihurdtrof
-T,'in; v t MinM u rorrts; lU
Ut Kfo.ms rf mam:!"! , tKtims.-.
H-HUptact rfrnr.lwitS trri tiewt?
Jiitin iivlf .hiu'-J? ; it tt.c p;wtt,t
Uevcry .iMniisry.li'r the bulm
Y'f nf ivt fomf -rt In. rcrj
i " ctMuht nriJ, thc pr;viiir,lhe
-.r.-h.Jtiir tn.i.rinr.,.ii rrpi.t.lic;
I the Wil l i, f every federal ha-
tranquility batqii!ity. ' So Proteus
like is federalism. ... . "
Hence, when in the year 1794, the
opposition to the excise system broke
out into acts of petty violence, to the
Suppression of which the civil power,
was niore than competent, because, it
suited the view's of Alexander Hamil
ton and his party,' to stigmatie'repre
sentative government, a4 large army
was called out with all the pomp and
vanity' of a Roman triumph decrsed
to a victor. And yet it had nothing
to face but Women and children ! We
mean "not, however, by this to impeach
the courage of the troops ; they were
patristic, they were brave. But it ac
corded with the Michiavelian policy
of Hamilton, to create a phantom and
embody an army to combat it. The
design was to cast an odium on our
institutions, ,and to bring republican
government injo, disrepute. ":
Reverse the picture. The British
in 1793 intrenched unonour sovreie-n-
ty ; kicked us like a foot ball held our i
xorts and occupied our territory in
contempt of the country ; captur
ed our vessels with an insolence
unparalleled, and in the face of the
world assumed the right to dictate
to us where we should trade & where
we should net. And what was then the
language of those wl)o now essay
with uncommon 2eal to precipitate
the country intb war ? Peace, peace !
The trahquil lute was ever and anon
sounded in our ears. And yet had
not Great -Britain provoked . war ?
Had she not violated the law of na
tions?" Did not'Grotius, and Poffen
dorff, and Barbeyrac, and Vattel, some
of whom have been suncrfir.iallv rp-
fcrred to on the Dresent occasion, lift ,
their venerable heads from their graves ;
ana cry shame on her.r Nay, were
not the most lively sentiments of in-
dignation manifested in t!je union a-
h-...av u,vui:umuHi: j s ; oui
it was cruel to war with the mother j!
country however much she abused us; !
With a' fovcmmi'nt e tn mil.
mired : not mrippd Hvii wi
them to bring Great-Britain to a sense
oicuuy ana ol right, wos opposed by
the federalists with every faculty tUy
from the Katioi.al L.leUigtncer.
An estimate of the motitet of those ivho
are clamorous for ur ;
It was the memorable declaration
of a distinguished mender of a tri
bunal, denominated paramount, made
during the last autumn, that the pre- '
sclit administration - were so deeply ,
rooted in the confid ence of t!i nation.
,lhat nothing short of a most e:traor-'
uinary occurrence promised the least
prospect of success to their opponents. '
This declaration was n??.e by a fedc- '
rafist nre-cmiru-nt for hi inn
lj federalist nly eminent for his daily
j .....-.hii-i,, iwi me patience ot the en
I light ned body of which he is a mem- '
tcr. It announced the existence of
but one ray of hope to federalism on
, the political hnrrizmt. w I
obtained l-ouiian.i the western pro-
, pic will be alarmed at the transfer; '1
measure win ensue calculated to in- i
crease an apprehension of danger; !
they will Uok to the present ndminisJ '
tration for security. If this Is not 'l
-1 ,V", MIC ,
confidence of the western country in
.... i.uuii hi pencil, k llicy
will transfcrtlMtconndciicetotu; and
ifithivcn, it will isnc In war, and
war wu, ruin tl.ctii. In e UI.cp mm
hlr3 tmr tn?nr,r. that tdacTor Kswiicn. When cap
ll"r.lblmwd ana e 4h; I rnrtman tailed, the 5h but.alicn
Strange atlhit language may sound
it was ouercd long bi fore the meet,
in? ol congress, r the infraction of
our treaty with Spain by the denial of
the ri;hi of deposit.
This Uniwge ha clue to every
thin that u followed. It ac counts
for the feigned solicitude of the federal
members of Congress krlhe people on
our western borders j it csplalns the
impatience with which they waited
at thr-r-ptninq; tfthe sctkion, the U.
sue of cxccu'.ire mcaMircs; Uexplainr
the rrpnted sti-mpts made in the
yu of rrprfitnt.'ives to tow siijj.
Kn and jcilgtuy of their rulers In the
minds of the, eMrrn stairs s Ilex,
pljirs i he tfM? Inttftiie k nioI?nt
rtp,.itl,rftterv prce,jurt cf ,he
govcffiturtit t it .t.UIn. it - l.tj
nal, ohi'.ijrd tn,tn it c Senate, and ;
rvyxMtH cry ttniritrire in the
cmititii-, where fdtril(m prtVaiH.to
tht "rn,peqit..Mi,e the firit j
Brtw'u- "' .v.t,i and
their country into war.
What though' war is the greatest of
all human calamities ; what though its
inevitable effects are personal .misery
and national injury, the extent pf which
no one can realize ; still will ambition
proclaim" and that in accetits of disnp
pointed anguish, my voice is for war !
What' care I for the rich luxuriance
with whichhaturelavishes her bounties
on the industrioui husbandman, or for
the sure reward which uninterrupted
labour bestows on the mechanic,- or
for the proiid spectacle of American
canvas yielding, without a foe, tp evev
ry breeze that springs on the ocean ?
l ean view this expanded and expan
ding scene of happiness with sullen a
pathy, nay, with indignant resentment;
because it is not the fruit of my vir
tues or talentsj but of the virtues and
talents of my enemies. Power is
my goal ; and I will pursue it through
conlia;rated .towns and slaughtered
thousands ; and if I do not succeed in
the first desire of my heart torule the
land, I wiH snatch the rod of empire
from those whose virtues ho ve immor- J
talized my hatred.' ; ' !
Here fellow-citizens, is a picture ofi
those uncontrqulable passions which
rage under the assumed and respecta
ble name of federalism. Not that e
very man who calls himself a federal
ist, courts or fits thu prominent atti
tude delineated. No, it only belongs
to those 3dect charactersfwho in eve
ry vicissitude' of fortune, have -played
their own game ; and who in power
have ..been as zealous in its extension
as they have been out of power, parsi
monious of its us. The'se' men, thaL
few in number; cjamor as loud Si i if
they counted thousands. Nothing
escapes them. v- Self eulofl4 i t m?.
tually mingled with the Calumny of
those whb stand in their way. They
j are the exclusive friends of'cood ro-
ycruiiieni, uiougii '.liey have zrilously
strove to 'destroy all government not
exercised by themselves,.; of religion
ft.A.mV. .... J. , -
is not their tool.
It may be luuni'iatiigto the dignity
of human nature that such motives
should have an undyin; existence mid
I should pervade eveiy -ige, and every
tegion of the earth. But hewevtr
I l.umUiatin-' the fact, it is not therefore
t.Se less true ; nor docs it become the
pride of man to qVey ion the wisdom
ofits existence. Wt will noUlhrm
that an omnipotent beiig gave permis
sion to the existence of evil from tny
neccHsnry Conner lion it has with vir
tue ; but it may be safrlv said that. f
our limitted apprehcisbn, the grcatss J
j.un.n.ui uh.33iub appear ouen to
spring firm a perpetration of the
His principally to be attributed to this
circumstance, that lilirty has r.evcr
been more b: curdy fortified thin rt
this time. l-.ury citizen has found
that to preserve his rights, as the
christian his faith, he must put on, and
unrtnsingly wear, a strong armour;
and that his only safety consists in a
constant readiness to repel aggres
sion. The voice of patriotism rccon.
mend vigilant e and it is in tl at voice
thittl.ese remark have been otTcrcd.
liAlilFAxTltf. s. Icb.24.
On Tueidav arrived l.i-n. 1 on
from Baibadocs,the brig Rovtr, cap.
1-hi i lunnn. A great number ol
troops had arrivtd at Barbadoes, from
I'ngfand, under the ccmmDtid of -.
i f . . .
, f - - . . - s. a v t (
of the t"0lh recimcnt were en.Kntlpt
for this place, on boartl a larre shin'
micu en tiute. nngauier general ,
Ikretfortf died at Itarl. . . I
,1 "r otforc (lie Rover left that Uland. I
rtivc oitieri were necned by th?
t omrnandcr in chief in the Wimfwanl
Hands. Dot ! deliver llflthirrrnrh ;
hlands, unless the treaty had been, be
fore the receipt of the order,, com
1 lniocbnticHnVjr of the ftiktallMs,
with rt ir t tt In names or pity appd
jlerrod the whole t'ritue and uUsta H
reuta with n,ne railed ifdcrliiis
nol to I a fsrr.MUt was, from ncrcs
it,toWa Npbnanor a.jcclin ;
tl.ee diatiwttioa wtrt the tudy ones
t thecsmnottfttntinrl throughout
(iFntii.rrMi; ci ir. Adams
ar.d 0 W?M iTStik ftS'1
sible to be a good citizen' without ha
ving federal added'to th'eiriamos, were
denounced as sans culotles, disorgan
izes ai.ul. republicans. Since then,
those who were formerly so tenacious
of the name Of federalist, have been as
anxiousrtorid themselves oftlie "title ;
how we seldom or never find the ci
devant federalists applying that ap
pellation to their parly, 'lis like-their
explQdedtales, it has served theirpm
pose anTit is no .longer expected to
deceive. Instead of ftduralist we now
hear nothing but republican, the very
mention of which three years ago
would shock federal -feelings ; some
who; before declared It-was a mere
phantom, a word that had no meaning
and which " no good man would as
stiTiie','" are how as solicitous to mo
nopolise it as they were at first that of
.federalist bye i arid bye ' 'the appella
tion of democrat, as "horrible now as
republican, was before, will be assu
med, and those who were really fede
ntl'sts, with those who from various
causes attached themselves to them,
and thus formed the party .will then
have deprived the-reu! friends to the
independence of the union of all their
hames but should this .be the case
there would yet remain sufficient evi
dence to shew who were the rightful
owners. It must undoubtedly strike
all, who have witnessed jthe 'various
changes amorTg meii, measures and
names, as inconsistent-and childish,
that the name of federalist should be
so suddenly dropped. If federalist
was an honourable name,.. 'why this
anxiety a assume another ? Docs
anv kind of principle gover! the oppo
nents of the present administration?
lf'there does, a name is of no-cor.se-quence.
But us there does not, ye see
the value tiiat is set Upon one : and so
many ant;-iefiul!ican measures utw
proposed and adopted under 1 he rame
i.of federalism, that the 'authors per
ceive the necessity of changing that
r n nr. . te . . t. "... i .1 ' !' "i t
"". i- svii.iuiiii less oeepicauie m
ATjril 11. . '
lEWiUl cf a ltUcrjern 7t:Rt'ful:k:an
aaKd-JUarch 17. .
" My last letters informed vmt of
me inning losses. I had li.tn sudered
at Miraguane. I call those now tri
iiing, in comparison with what I have
fitirTcred by the almost tot:.! (Iciin.'ciir.n
of the South -Department, whirh is,
w.in iew exceptions, in the power of
the Brigands. The flames .have con
sumed the plains ami the mountain.
Miraguane tnd Arqnin are reducidto
ashes, and the other to,vii3 are srr-rmind-lby
the insurgtnti, Jcrcmie,
however, still icnutin.s untbuchtd, but
niviiuctdon every side. The tr.ulat
toes are at the head of the troubles of
the South.- Three days since, the
town ol Petit Guavc was given up by a
conspiracy of the people oft clour. A
gre.it pan of thf gan i.bn were mas
sr.creed, the rest saved themselves hy
swiiiMning to a frigate that was at an
chorin the road, - which ensel was
fired upon by insurgents, and had
several killed and wounded.
"Ti e greatest destruction was ac
complished just on the appearance of
the reinforcements iooo men have
arrived, t.irt cf these landed nt-Tilir.
I tan ; oinsidt-rnhlc fortrjs are expected
ana arrive tlsiiy, , . , . .
The evil Is great, trA I much fau
lt w. require a length oftime to con
qcr this unfortunate country. The
frightful malady that rages amongst
the troops, is cruel and disitstcrous, it
may well be called pestilential by the
ravages which it daily mclcs. The
most mdanc holly rt (lections have st i
td upon my-mind.-and I-firmlw-fr.
i l'5vt; (what possibly may sppear ato
1 nikli'miT In im . . . .. li i... .t if
i "V"1111 v Miian vm uoii-
I . I . l IT
Ki-u 10 iiouiioon auogcthf r, this coun
try once so rich, luxuriant and pro
ductive. - ' Tl.is Is fixed on os the neat of ro
vcmmrtit, K we daily t4ii Gtn.Ho
thnnibeau, r.pfjinttd onmiuu'cr In
fll'.cf iy'eifci ...Cttuuli- have
conidefdMc confid nee hr him, but I
trciahlc at the aj pt ehetnion that ft will
squire a great Irrr.th of li.ne, if(vcr
occefu vet tun it W j osible that
tie laurel! oftle Rre!c mm on earth
hoiihl wither and oic I efore the vic
torious arms of Kt f,rots aud BiIk.
"I will not speak to j mr -bet t tern,
merer, it tt abMlud de! $ ihvre it
no consumption but In the r.n, where
final part of the ..rle re stij-por-ted
by ratitnt. IWu e Utt v.r,H.',.
tnt prices, bcfButeihi ie . t rne tJ
' f ft et f m I. , i. 1 -
lt iiiuhh 4 r i lining ,t ifct
Jftrmle foreofftf, ard tl ma om t j
Sf lU r.,!n 6I 1 "r iuKar,
. . r? : k .i . .
S4llu oecome enective tm-oughout
every part of the republic, a proper
time beiiig allowed 'according to '.the
distance of the district from tlie capita
All persons resident in the, republican
territory are subject .to the regulations
of the police, and all Frenchmen in fo
reign countries aref bound by the la.ws r
lati veto the state capacity of persons.
No agreement or contract can be. enter
edjnto by individuals which is sub-'
vevsivc of public order or morality.
m Of the "enjoyment and privatien of
civil rights as conformable to the se
cond project of the civil code, the lol-Iov.-inur
is'a correct tketch : T i t,,:
raAer of citizen is acquired- and pre
served only by conformity ta - the
constitutional laws . of -the country'
Every Frenchman is to enjoy civil
rights. Every individual born in
France of foreign parents shall have'
it in his power, within a year af
ter the period of his minority, to claim
the lights of a. French citizen. Every
infant born in. a foreign country of si
1 tench father, shall have the means
of, receiving that character. Everv
fore!gner shali enjoy the same civil
rights which are granted to French
men, agreeable to the treaties of peace
existing with the nation to which h
belong. .Jirery Cepialu foreigner shall-
uopi me conttition of her husband.
Every foreigner, though not at that,
moment residing in France, may be
cued before the French tribunal ir
France for obligation, contracted by
hnn in a loreign countrv, though tlrs'
obligation has been formed with fo-
reigners. The character t.r Pi-...., i.
F tieen is lost by naturalization atquireif
... a ioign coumry; )y acceptance
ol unnuthoriscd public functions con-.-:rred
by a feteign goven.ment ; by
connexion wiri, a foreign corporation
which t.cknov7edge t!ie disiittetitti of
births ; by every tstublishmtnt rorm.'
cd in a foreign country without return
ing to Fiance. Every Frenchman
who shall have forfeited his character
of citizen, may recover it by return
mg to Fiv.nce with the jiermission of
ihe govcri.nit iit, and by declaring that
he has resolved to fix his residence
there, and that he renounces every dis
tniction contrary to the French laws.
A I rendiman who shall withoi.t per
mission d government accept of any
niihtjry command in the service of a
foriMgn power, shall forfeit hit qrtality.
pf Trench citizen, beriles subjtctinc
him.,e!f tothe puHslunent attached by
the crinml law to those who tarrvi
or shall carry arms against their coun
try. . ;
All officers belonging te the stall" of
Lnghsh army in i;Sc Wtst-lndiet,
have keen onhlcd to re-pair t thc ru.
pcctive quarters with all puskible dis
patch. A private, U tter from Tarls mentions
M that allofScers ofths Ynm h arrr.r
on leave of tbkincerand &irUtokc "vt
that natron in the fay of Spain, Favi.
received directions,. the former toj.iut
thcif repect'uc regiments immediate.
Iy and the I nter to return to France ,J
lor the pui-poseor sen lug their nalivo
r ie thousand Poi;h troofs In the
rrench service had arrived at Geno?
to embark for St. : Doruingo. mx(f
more wtre daily esptcted Cor the
same service. Great discontent rr.
... nri,t.eiacnmcnt, snd
betters from Denmark ftf5t iYn
the epidemic malady which prevt.iliv
Uitre, it suppoud U be t srfow-
fcur, Imported from St. DrVf. in
i urcigu nu vices.
LONDON, March 3.
Lats night we received Paris papers,
.to the1 26th" ult. inclusiveaftd iLohC oT
the 27th reached us this morning.
Th chief information which thev
contain " relates to the civil code pro
posed to the legislative body on the
part of our government. It docs not
materially differ from that which was
rejected list year, and its p'riiiciples
were: fully explained by; Portalis and
Thelnard. Many of the grounds which
form Ihe basis of this code are so ob
vibus and. undeniable that it might1
have been thought necessary to call
.the attention of the. legislative assem
bly to them. The laws.when sanction
ed by thf first consul's act of promul-
nrtc imrtnt M the town arc ill cf tl."
VT8, 1 wurtceo fifteui die tt i'
Price of !Wks at frdon,rn ife 3 1
Msrth at 15 v'd .ikconv.lt f I l.f
13. Hcd. slut. Omr.ium 3 3 $.
American VocV i per cent. C1 1 '
prr t.f. KC.ir j ,,).! 6 r-
CeM.f39.1 I.J; fewf. pr c,r. e
Sve -i i a f tif pt ; tu t ti , l.uk