UBLISllED (wkkkly) BY?A BALL V &rK CLR-i-.TVESDAY, FEBRUARY 2!, ieb.j
Vox. r. no. ay 2.
f 1 1 i v
TKOMTH A NATIONAL JNTVLLlClNCEt.
Translatedor the 'National Intelligencer .front
, ihe Moniteur of Louisiana, . .
- HTim4UJinr fDee. 2 1, i8(?k
THE work is at length consummated-
"Louisiana change ber government for the'
last time J and the flag of the United States
has throughout this city every -where repla
ced that of the French Republic f.0y';C
The following account of the three last
days, will complete the history of these 'e
Vents, which ; mark y'An epoch 'destined,
to be 6ne of the most memorable in tbe his
tory of America v :-r: i':. rj'.
. On Sunday last the 1 8th of this month, the '
Colonial Prefect, commissioner of the French'
government, was invited once more to assist
in the divine service of a form of worship,'
about to cease to be national in this country,'
from the nature of the government under,
which the people were about to pass. Ther
Religious Ceremonies werecelebratcd with the
Neatest pomp t 1 The Colonial Prefect, ac
companied by the municipal body, by French
officers, with those of the militia, and .many
other respectable persons, entered the thurch ,
through a line ot grenadiers, and there re
ceived mass with the honours due fd the re
presentative ofthe French Republic
The lines ' ' ; 'l' . ,, .v- V
.'Jomiaet talvam fac rempuotictm i , ;. - -'
JDomintf ttdtos fac Contulesi .'; ..' I
Once more rescinded througb the church);
"Where they had been regularly sung, on fes
tivals and sabbaths, from the first taking pos
session of the country by France - .
At two o'clock in the afternoon were seen
passing along the bank of the river, the com-
missionera of the United States, Mr. Clai
borne and general Wilkinson, preceded by
aline detachment of volunteers ofthe Missis
sippi territory, on borse-back. They pro-
their arrival was announced by the discharge
: 'of 9 cannon. - .;
Chixen Laussat received them in his sJ-
loon, in the midst of a numerous company ;
, when after retting A few moments he led
. them into" his cabinet, whtre they remained
.".in conference, foi more than an hour.- '
t They had no sooner Ivft hint than it became
vmiI.i: i . a t.
o'clock in the morning, Louisiana would be
given op lo the United St-u?.--. - -
Mean while, the American commission
ers retired at three o'clock to their camp.
and from that moment no douet remained of
preparations being made for their taking
,i On Wednes-la? we were most ATreeablv
surprised by the display of a body olfine ca
valry, travel sing the city from one end to
another, and ending their way towards the
camp, (t was Citizen Laussat who thus at
tended, was on lis way to visit the commis
sioners ofthe L nited States, he was prcce
ded by the Major and Adjutant Major of the
tnilitia in rrench Uniform, at is aide was
the Commsndont de U Placet th"cDolonel of .
the militia, an aid-dti-eamp, aod the Seen.--tary
of the Commission : In the midst of
which his superb dress, his hoble b"rse, the
richness of his harness, of blue velvet tm
lirmJcred with silver, distinguished hire from
evert olhrr. .
He sus followed by a number of the young
nVr rs ofthe mil.ua, French soldiers and
, liihalutants of the City. This retinue, A
mnutitiiig to ahflut sixty men, oITered A spec-'
' tide truly brilliant, and it was a matter of
nierssl surprise, how, on t short A notice,
had hern collected a bod j of cavalry so ou
mt rous, socacelUnt and so wtll eqiiippad.
But what Is impossible to a Chief beloved by,
the I-ouiiisniitiw -In half an hour after
wards, the nmciPlitT followed in Carna
ges s multitudes asscmblrd, and ths road
f'H- half a league, was completely covered
Thrir reception at camp was- a-la-militalrt
am! accompanied with every honour.
On their entering the maraiie of the oft
vers, the cannons were fired to salute the
French Commissioners, music surcerdrdj
Anl plajrrd the air, dearest to rrvuehmen,
'"'T.siiuly, Fawnaprt;'s nisrchr The ColutiI
rreTcct, prtented the me hibers ofthe muni
tlpul body, and afterwards the Oncers and
prinupsl tilircnsitothi! American commia1
sinners, conversed with them, andafterma
king llie tiur of the camp, retired In the
asma oner ihst be came. The night follow
lug the prrcutkins ofthe police were In
(rcssel,snj Ihe cwarili and patxolrs doubled,
the Col. niil Prefect went himself to recon-
Ware tha Uifnrsnt psts, and rode through
Ue interior ofthe dty.
At Irngih tHt dsy dswned, h!f H w to
uslirr in a sew era fur the people of the Mis
CilieO Ijntsit Ctmm'lfinf t of lh
rrtacH R'puJ.Ji, prwerded lathe city hottl
on I at ihe bead ofthe munlciptl Imdy bf
' the oarers aitiwlktt to bla imm, a grcst
fiun.Srrof mdiiia Tsrs. and disitngvUhrd
-iM!ntsn'.pf ibe ci'y and surmih!uig cwm.
t-r.irvlcvf Ute citios f is osituo. He
wsisalwUdsi Lcpsssce by the HcfuUksa
The weather was exceedingly Ene, tmd Ae
'temperature mild as that of April. In about
An hour the troops ofthe United States, pre
sented themselves, where they were met in
military form at the gates, and after receiv
ing the orders of the Colonial Prefect, were
introduced into the city. ':
1 hey displayed in the square, Aavmg tne
American commissioners at their heftd, and
being commanded by one of them, General1
Wilkinsoni; He formed thetn 2n the line -nt
battle, Opposite the front of the city hotel, the ?
armea miiiua, ana the French company un
der capt. Baugandj were arrayed on the op
posite side, A detached company at a little
distance was stationed near the rational flag. .
Tbe American Commissioners ascending ,
'to toe hall, were melon the grand atairease
py lire assistani 01 me mayor, me ctuet
the battalion Commandant de ia l'lace, ' the
first adjutant mayor ofthe militia, end, the se-
cretary ot the commission, who wee placed
there to reseivc them. The . commissioner
of the French Republic himself, with the
municipal body received them in the "audi
ence hall ; he was seated in an elevated chair,
Mr. Claiborne at his right, and Gen. Wil
kinson on his left in other chairs, tire tsecre-;
tary of the French commission standing be
fore them on the right, and the secretary of
the American commission on the left.
The commissioners of the United States
presented to the commissioner of -tke French
republic their full powers which were ; im- ,
mediately read by the Secretary of the com
mission, Wadsworth, and repeated fcy the se-.
cretary of commission, Daugerot.
", Citizen Laussat uricfly , announced the ob
ject in French, and at hisorder, citizen Dau
gerot afterwards read the treaty fcf cession of
Louisiane, with the powers of which the first-
consul Buonaparte had invested citizen Laws- 1
, sat, in the name of the French people, that
nc migm execute the-same, acconhrgtothe
proces verbal tfthe exchange of ratificstiotis
whick were to-precede this .exetutioji.' -'
These readings over, citizen Laussat rose and
said-" That from this moment he gave to
the commissioners Ofthe UniUd States, pos
session of the country end dependencies of
Louisiana, conformnbly To the orticles 1, 2,
4, and 5 ofthe treaty and to the tunrem'mna
wf the 10th Floreal, yearllth (30th April) in
order, that according to this treaty, the so-"
. vereignty and property of iJouisiaoa, ? should
pass to the United Slate under the same
clauses and condition ! V-1- u -
ceua by Spain to r ronce in virtue of "the
treaty concluded at St. Ildefonso, the 6th
Vendemaire, year 9, (October 1, 1800)
which had received its execution by the
French having taken possession of this colo-
AftertVip WftVds. rlifien I jimtat fnnfc ill
keys ofthe forts of New-Orleans, and pre
sented them to Mr. Claiborne ( he then con
tinued thus ' I here declare that in virtue.)
of the powers with which I am invested, and
ofthe mission with which I am chirged by ,
the tint consul, that all cii7ensand inha
bitants of Louisiana, who shall remain under
the government of the United Stales, are
from this instant released from their oaths of
fidelity to the French republic." Citizen
laul then rose and chanped seats wilh
Mr. Claiborne. The secretaries bf commis
sions then read the prorea verbal of this ce
remony, the one in the Fienth, the other in
the English langusge they Were then on
both sides signed and seslcd and rttiprocslly
exchanged, and the titling cntlcd. - The ci li
tem went to the principal balcony bf the ho
tel. At their appearance the lis g of the
French republic wss lowertd, and at the same
time that of the United States rsKcd, when
ihsy metstecpial height they remained till at
A signal of the firing of cannon on the square,
the forts tommt need a discharge which was
repeated by all the batteries at this moment
the American colour was raised A the l'rcnc-h
0g was taken down.
Citizen laussat then descended from the
tlty rm- ith Mr. Claiborne and general
Wilkinson. They placed themselves in front
of the line farmed by Ihe militia, when ctu
ten laussat sptAe s follows I
" Militia of New-Orleans and of l.Mii'a
r.' yv. n,'' R'n pD"?- irticst
keal, and of a filial devotmn to the French
standard, curing the short time it appeared
on your banks. I shall rnske th'.i Vhowt to
France, and hrr gotertinunt. In their Mime
I return you ihsnks. Behold the tnmmls
liotitts ofthe United States, to whom I trans
fer Ihe Tornmsftd over you. Obey them
hrncefonh as the representative's of your ligU
! This eondi hsrrsngue being finished, ei-
tlten Lsusiat placed himulf along side of the
; standard of Ihe republic ImiutiluUly the
drum beat, and the tout any of French citi
J tens put lhcmrves In motionthe wea'.her
; was uncommonly fnounUc fr this cere mo-
ry, the crud wal great, the window and bal-
toniet presented lo view the most tekBtiful
j women of lftuisitia the 1 rtnch, Spsnith,
and Amrrtran plumes ne nere ana thrre a
In luft from Ihe midst ofthe virioot groupes.
A Urje numtx-rof Americans rollrctrd at a
ahnrl r'istanea from the city hotel throwing
their hat in the air and huining. , But In
Ventral the gre&tcit silence and order reign-
'd throughout the multitude. " A thousand
persons have observed and repeated that,
during tke Way, at the sight W the French
flag beheld on fcigh and then disappearing,
s sorrow and emotion were depicted in almost
every countenance, fcnd tears flowed from al-
most eVery eye Th'a erriotlon was redotib
led when the company of French titizens i
carried o"ff,witn slow steps, this beloved em
blem of our national Alliances ft would be
difficult for the speftator eVer to forget this
moment bn the affecting spectacle. ; Fifty
differentFTencn'roeri, "brought To this coun
,try, D'y djBcT-entVieVs And chance's, the one '
t tonkno wi to the 6th et , surroMn d ing the star.'-,
dard ofthetr country, findinir thernselvts aft
brd(lie, rerfder to it, from the' spontaneous
Tnatiet)f effectionv devotion and Ye&pct !--;
, TheijmanneVs a"nd'balHtB h6'dne'itherttwmw!
blAricj or military "unifdimity "but" froth '
, their osuions, their iriotions, lo'Cir distance
and tfeir'steps, it was easy to see that tnany!
'of thei had marcned with the lirave, and had
' been iiunted a'rnong'rhe 'distlHguis'he'd'defe'ri--,tltrs'oftheir
country . As this company pas
ed bqore the American lines,' tliey present
ted thtir arms to the neat 'of the drum, "dis
played, their Colours, and saluted it with
their onnoh"; ami while ft could ,Ve per
ceived.weepingeyes remained fixeM upon it.
It was it the houife of the eoroTnissioner bf
the rtpublic, and info' his hands that the
.compaiy deposited the flag for whose protec-
, tian it tad been organized. On leaving the
ranks to receive it, citizen Laussat ;hu
poke ' . - ; ' ' ; , '. . ,
" French Citiacnsl r ;
', " 1 shun rettder an account lo our 'goverte-
- wjert ol the patriotic sentiments with which
;youhave fulfilled at the distance of 2,500
leagues a religious riutv to this standards I
shall rctiuire from your commander a list of
your names, and shall transmit them to the
Minister of Marine and the Colonies, and you
may rest assured that they will be placed, un
der the eyes of the Erst Consul.? Scarcely lad
the French Commissioner entered his dwel
ling, when the officer ofthe militia waited
upon him with the following address i
u We have tttVirttl to render to W', and
through ycu to the Frthch republic this
Hew IwniaRe, While w Still wear ( nointine
to their cocksdes) this emblem bf the tranw
kicnt tanion wbich has stiLsisted hrcsLtr
and ofthe attachment .TT ' f"
the eom'panV till A mtic'h later bout. No fit1 :
occurred to disturb the harmony ofthe festi-
tfvpl, although there was the most magnifi- r
Jcent illumination. The assembly was more
numerous artd protracted th n Ve have , be. 1
fore Witnessed. It was as brilliant, in society "
and dress, as any pre'cfinn'; - and only dif- "
fefed from them fn being opened and termi
nated with less iraietv. end inbeim mavked.
by a 'igbt t'mi bf nfelaricliory. Bit jfn th a1-
ntniation ot the danVe, pluy end 'cversdtion
the bight was 'deVoftd topleasure. " , .
, Citizen Lauss affet the giving bp'ofLou-; -
Isiana, received tbe same (lay , during the fes
tival, and again on-tlie ensuing cay, niuluph-
ed testimonies of the Vegret felt on his leaving . .
lected oy and it was tabilyaecn that be, tvci '
prorated thetn, . -rV-: X, '
I X TE S T Fa R E IG 2f 'KE k
'V'.'ii'V AfyM r?h& at NeVf-Tork. :v:,'v-s:.' 7: ; V
V hetreVtehgevein'mentbaving learbttJiaV
the Frencli'General Boyer Was detained ir ; '
prison in Scotla'ird, have directed that one of
the Vnost 'distinguish'ed English; :prisonerft
sliall be cVihfinexl in the same rn an tier end '
subjected to siniilar treatment. . :
vtyZoftfA Paris pa'per' bf tn'e 13th bf
iJosember,1 received by the MinerVa, bus bw
'derhe head of Frankfpil, Moy. 8, the folio w
Sng 'article-. . '. i.-?.; .'.. : 'u -J
Th'ey b'aVe VVrVd ut Trieste, cifejW
Atantial details of the b'nhappy situi tSun of E
gypt; tltlivered up to the horrors ot civil
war, llie invasion of an European power, ahd
Viiniundatlonbf BarbaAanr., Tl.e firstca'use '
of Vtt&k vils, tdtrii from t!,e .Vwier'whov
In ret'drtiibg from , Egypt,' Kft n : dilTcrent
garrisk 4 or 000 troops under the order of
i i cnar racna. i ncse soiuiers are uraye ana
I Vlntni'Miai VrsV ? sj Is r Vt A Ws'nI ku!nw
sviuuiuun nuw iitt lii( UWVII Uf tUtVA lVitljt
menaced is itb ilisbandment, they elevated
I the standard ot revolt, roasacred the Tuvks
j Jews and ctristians, and uniting, with tho -"
Mamelukes, they carried successively tairov
UamiUta, Ko&ctta, Alexandria, and ib short
AllEgyp"- . ;, ; ,
ToalltheH'e circumstances Vbicbrehder .
the situation of this countrr Very miserable,
is added the rctort.':;-Tr ::.''. 'r---,)nal-tt
The setbewa Very alTiCting.
At S o'clock the company seaVetl them
selves at the table of the Color.ial Prefect,
Who give dinner to the Commishioners of
the United States, followed by a te Party in
the evening. ' The festival was splendid. On
the dinner table were ninety-two covers ; and
there were from fourto five hundred guests
at supper. The msin table accommodated
sixty, the remainder were distributed at ainall
tables arranged under the outer galleries ;
with which all external communication was
cutoff; while) within glittered the Amirica'ni
Spanish and French colours, which ihVermiu
gled and falling in large folds,' formed. Ihe
most elegant drspcry around the walls. The
dtcottitiont of the great table consisted ol
plaittix, embellished Wilh beautiful paintings,
and surmounted with temples, pavilions and
pillars. The polite a'.tchtion and signifi
es! alltisiom, indicated by ri&i'ng the Ame-i
rcan colours bver every other decoration es
caped the observation of no one. . It Was also
noticed that nearly all the American f'mU
lies of the cily were invited to the entertain
ment. A numberof civil and military cm
cers. accompanied the commissioner o( the
U, States. The Spanish civil and military offi
cers surmunded the commissioners bf his Cs'
iholic 'jtsty ; and khe rest ofthe company
was ctn posed ofFrcnch, and principally lxui
isianians. The toasts commenced 0.er the
first course, and continued till the cnj bt the
repsst whirh was prolonged bjr the firing H,t
fiillowed thtrn. They Were given in the fuU
lowmgordc,r The United States and Jef
ferson, lo Madeira, Charles the 4iti k Spain',
In Mslagy and Canary j the French repub
lic si.d lluonapsrte in Bed snd White Ctitm
pjjne. . Fsch of then tosts wss annouiHed
l:i.''Xtr4hrte,dischAr)ie of wrWllery r f"
wnicn iwtiny-oae were urea irnm the lou j
iwenty-ohe from the French battery before
the Prefecture and Iwenty-on from the
French btig L'Argo, After theU toasts gl.
venby citizen Laussat. the Spstiith and Ame
rican commissioners gve, (he French com
tniiwioner and his fjiiii'y j And the Ttench
tommlssioner then gsve, lo Ihe friendship
and indissoluble union bf the thrvc pow
ers. Whose rotnmissionerl Are presenl
Additional (11k barges Wert hesrd, and ttber
rrpckted on the Colonial Prefect aiiout.Ur.g.
the bit tosst, to vri ariaasi arri
,it or LOUISIANA! Acclimations,
transports, and butzst sceomptnUcI sdi of
these toasts. The assembly site wss but n
ir.trcssed AnJ unintemi?ed towinusiion of
tiiecompanv si dinner. Tea was served at
seven, and English country dances Immedi
a'ely roiumrnred, continued alternately with
Frvnth country dsnces, until 9 o'chxk
In th morning ,ecept during Ihe Interval of
upper, wlurh wss served up at two h the
tnorntng. Ligkt card lallci detained Jsrt of
: is added the rcDVt.'i-vr V ".V, 'inamtnt
V- --."jiLi.h at Malta, to retake
( Egypt j .hd thblr fiars are stillborn r.Z "
i by the cobqueU bf Abdalhobbpb, conimunder ,
v.r is.. tv.,..u.v.'.1A.-.
A Paris naperof the 1 3th of Nevember, re
ceived by the Minerva, ha the following arti
cle under the head bl Frankfort, Nov. 8.
i41 The lat letter received from Venice
prove that the fears of the inhabitant of &
gy pi. Were well .founded. According t
these letters they have received intelligence
that an English fleet had left Malta, appeared
before Alexandria i and debarked, 'with the
consent of the Beys, several thousand troop, .
Which immediately took possesion of tbe
forts and Works of that place. This nW If
coniirmeowiu oe important tin more tnail
KeW FtAMc'tL. Tht brig liiberA ft-oin ,
Bourdeaux, brings Pari bew to the 21 of ,
Kovembcr. VVe hae hot roam for many
extracts,nnrdidlhe paper We have rtceived
furnish article very particularly requiring
It appear that the preparation for Ihe
grand expedltioh were wiill progressing with
unremitted exertion i but the period of inva
sion wss still, though very shortly expected,
involved in uncertainty. ,
. BuOnhparte bad paid hislntrnded visits to
Ihe coasts, animating by bis person k his con
duct, the spirit and the ekgemest bf hi
troops. He did but now, as in his former
tour, trsvel With the Insignia and stale of roy- ,
alty. On the Contrary he threw himself intd
a carriage and with A few guards and atten
dants, set out wilh little farm bpon his expe
dition. Ths celerity that bsually attends bia
hiovements was dimnuUhslle on Ihis occai
ion. . . t f . .. . .
On Friday Kov, 4, he arrived kt Dologne i
lnthemorniPtr .. J Ic wa.tmLkrkeil b lh
middle of the harbour beLrceVeh bis arrival
wss yet known. He remained tiU mid-night
in the port vis ting ihe different work.
Saturday, al 4 in the morning, the a'dVancf
guard ofthe flotilla; ton si sting of about 10O
boats ssllied but into ihe road al to adoseii
English vessels, tbiefly uvehty-fours, put
tbemsclvek in motion. A brisk csnnoosde
ensued from boats and kattcrira t it termina
ted in the dismastihgobf of the Pritiih vcsseU
end their finally pitting to sea. .
. ScSefsl divisioht of the flotilla bad joined
Ihose al Boulogne, one fromDuriV.iik.snoll.if
from Havre. , The enemy in vain kttemptedi
to oppose their pssssge.
1 ht First Consul wss Jn the fned great
part oft dty, and visited ih person most of
the hosts. ,
There tre constructing slang the cosit a
rest number of port tlso, grtst bumUrd
of lost and fori are estsMiihtd on Xh4
fork In the middle of the s. All thesi
work so vsrlosH in ihelr wsture, sr MfTjir
on Wiib psUcvlar activity, .