North Carolina Newspapers

    nonlf waiting for ilavoijraMe moment to
elude the vigilance of otirv gallant com
(imanJer in lbs Mediterranean. If they
''"have actually failed, Sicily no doubt, is
their deftination, as the only thing which
has hitherto prevented the trench troops
from-tneTkifNaleVha been an appre--henfion
that if they did fo. the Btitilh
-would immediately take polTeflion of that
ftsfViiM hft ahle to
land thers. a tew thoufand troops, they
- Would find themlelves under no reltraint,
pnd would relpett the neutrality pi ma
ples as little as they have lately done that
of Germany. ;
A Paris paper of the 24th fays " We
. ?reaffired that the French government
,.' has received a . fecret correfpondence,
which throws frefh l'rght upon the horri
" bleconfpiracy formed by. the enemies of
-heKepiihlic, againd t he - government,
'and perfon of the Firfl Conful
. -This cjrrel'ponlenae confilts of fe-
feVf ral -fVrioinat letters! wrUtCll bV a Mi-
- jy W , .
flifter ot -England accredited at one ot the
German courts, an d were addrcded to a
mercenary agent, whom he had lent to
Paris to allilt his designs. The EVifh
Minifter recommends it efpeciaUy to his
Asent. to obtain a knowledge of the war-
like plans of the French government; to
employ all pouTole means to diforganize
the. armies, and to endeavour to, corrupt
. the perfns employed in the manufactory
of gunpowder. There is reafon to be
lieve that this correfpondence will fouiv be
. publilhcd. :
The public, being at this moment interest
ed very strongly in the history and character
of Gen. M)reau, will probibly like to be in
formed, that he is anv.ive of Marlaix, in
Low;r Britanny, about forty one years of age,
of a well inform ed mind, htvrng been edcca-
ted for the law, and. practised as a -barrister.
Naturally. . of pleasing address, with insin-
aiaian ill onicrs, - au.i jjo-'sesiiu tic.wn. -
figure, he only owes it to his having lived,
for some the,singular atmosphere of a
modern French cam;), that he has not become
what our volatile neighbours call, vk homme
tnut. jj flit n:iiiSf. It ri;iv lit; S:iiil of Hi in .
s it ha bjen ot richegru, thit one cannot
be an hour m his conrvtny, without putting
prefect confidence in him, ami setting him
do vn for a man of probity and honour. lie
fore he became . a. General. Officer, Moreau
'com nl indel the battalion of the Department
of I si and Vilaine ; this corps was very ad
v.Tse to the Constitution of T9 j, and at last
accept- 1 it with great reluctance. Morcau
hi ns:lf, equally versed in civil law as in tac
tics, wis by id means friendly to it, and
ctill less so to the m id Government called
R "vi'Mton I'r. lie often reasoned with
great ac'U'."ve.s on this code of an why, and
toretold its approaching fate -with prefect ac
curacy. A letter has been bunded about Paris, s?.id
to have been written by this distinguished but-
ur.hrtunate m in, to liuonaparte. IF the let
ter be genuine, it d)es him honour, at the
-same time that it proves he was privy to the
conspiracy. ' It begins in these words :
' Sir, since your ambition requires more
sictinn. strike, but do not ralum li tte thoso
you butcher. Wade in blood of inno.-ncs,
hutsp ire honour in taking av..y life. If you
cxp.'Ct from nii the suppl'caiilV petition, read
no further. In this dungeon, where yourty
, 1 unv has plunged me, I am mure elevated
Than von up m vour nsurp-d throne So say
to'liu'tmeu ofinv ron'em'nrif p;idfii-.-J
tore age wdl en irm their sen' No,
Sir, on the borders f etrrni'y I call y.iu to
anoint f r y iuf treavin a;,jainil my yiuntiy
an I ujainst mytelt."
Wc hive v:: raced the following as some
of the m ,t bM'ik'nvj 'jvsvics in the letter ;
In my Meraded touu'.ry, I scv notlunij
Vrnt cru.;in;; slaves an I proud tyrsnts ; base
plar.cim.1 and nfam uts spi-s. l.very hcrc
iii liMr;i fr in. SiiiJy to Moscow, yourself
tCite 1." " Y("ipreteiNd that my c WTTTTj?
n-n ve happy a , I sitifi?d ni'hy"U' .jLOv
vci nment." If yon wmmH lo.c I'h iichnn n,
lc no! their luopim'ssdcprtir! m your life."
llecalth:lee;nl beirtthe throne of Trance, and
limit severely his au'hority ; mike him a
kinir. l)Ut not a Ursj.t. Sur.h wa tjie plan
of Pihct'Tti, if myi-.K and of Ceocs."
Th'jle'.trrroni;! ulesin the f'll-iwin words :
I should i'"iar. the day ol'niy death with
-rea.vr i'i .fsrtiou thai thi? nfmy tri mipbs
t ul H h it hooe tnit it si,rve I ti unkc my
f ''iirr,- fl 1 irithi!! mv fcl'w-f ii. .((, free
f.n l p'O-pvrous, uudwulUiy of hoer-.y and
i'AKlM Mjr'h
S-n? of f"ir nn'-f It i'c, thst he: .A
of 1. ' ifri.M t'iin'l M rc.iM c)',tjm
r 'bit-. 1 I .f T?'t i 'lift;?", noon ea-H of
t' 4'i h? i trie I f iiim'c!. b
n-tc'i .-em vil n )i In': nl-I 1 iwif l
li ! i X, in '
li nv'i n in t f i) f ; !. I j.i !
' L uii-! I' l p 1. al:ci!iU t-fif 1 lf n
ltd, bl hi. 4 fl ,tt ie;cv w ! ilo M.
Vm ' 4 .i'b 1 U'f
tr Ki. be b.s d:l'
Ivi ij vi S Uv.j 10
, mi. 1 t!i ax u'"' tin
i'h -'r Ufi nd rc 'i,
changes in Italy; bin -the report tf the
Firlfc Confal having dcainded from the
Pope, that the rCiag of Sirdinta Ihould be
given up to tj;n, at, Uyr, is nunerto 1
without foundation. J
1 1. MrJVlXpji UsSPEECiT.
Tnalite Soeech of Mr. Windham in the
nitish House ofCouni'jns, on the best mo
of crryinon the war against France, he de i
vered the following sentiments,:
..-One prinsipil object Ministers shovild be
attenifye to, is tire proper- direction of -the
force we can easily, dispose of; yet they have
idly dispersed, and consequently weake ie J,
the mo t formidable means we have c.f at
tackTn jour inveterate enemy. I mean thecheap,
.ready anu extansive way tnat lies open 10 us,
of sowing; dissehtion amon?'ths; French by
our periodical publications. We have oftcii
boasted .in this house of bein at) eto cope
with France sin jle handed, and though lam
firmly persuaded that is the "only way vvbicb
re could oppose that country single banded,
w 1 should also hi a match for the wide world,
fyou readily 'conceive. Sir, that I mean Our
writings yet we sho'il J not venture to try the i
effect upon other nations, unless we -are able ;i
to meet tlvem all in-awns, wbich we m iv have '
to do by purchasin g the method his M ijesty's ,
miifis'.crs bare 'of 'late adopted. II y was I t
not grieved some tim J since, to see a Iyer- i
tisemeiits stuck no for seamen to fi ht aist I
'the pusilaainou-. Dons,' -at the same -'tiirie I
th it ministers .were undecided, as in lecd
they are in every o I thin ' whether they
"should attack, the Spxniards or not ! Hnv
muchbetter would it not have been to ttke
the Dons . unawares, to seize their -;aileois
and other vessels, to ravage their settlement,
to render them i.i short incapable of -defen-'
din j themselves before ever they knew what
we were about. -Even Tiionis Jeff'jrso'i
could not escape our censures, because he
chose to be civil to the ipvrnment wit'i
who n "his coo ury is allied, though we must
be all persuaded that it would be happy far
E'rj;Und hid she such a mm to direct hr
councils.' It was lamentably said in this house
abbutTW vears a ), that it wn!d require "at
least half a century to repair the losses Anie-.
rica had sustained during the war, a:rl to re
establish that country in the state it was when.
p messed by our gracious sovereign ; fi:tt lm
ihf his risen t'dwiny ths- skirt aiminittrati-jn
of J.-ftrsoi. I ) the press tf .tu'e of our n"'H
crtiitrv, ani cm lh:re be a initive of ire. it-IU.
t'liii,!) it wilt hiartl'.f regret hs iut being bnn
anA'n'ricm? Wait I would now propose
aneisyrtiTi'dy to some of our evils, or at
least a preventative of greater, is to imitate
the Paris new spipers, so far as not to spend
our force u .ebssly. One of these papers, in
particular is w rtii learning from. It directs
all iu iVcf against the declare I cneiris i
France, and imdests no body else. " Tho,i
it tells round out, that the members ol li i
tisb Parli am.'nl are. with very few except'ons
"a set of knaves ;" it never speaks but interns
of the hi 'liest rex'.reet ofotli-r g'l'.'ei'nmen'i.
of . Apnl7 and, brings papers to the 29th of
March. Ar. article from Paris, under the
ate of March 22J, says that the Duke of
Jlnghien, Louis-Antoine-Ilenri of Bourbon, -,
onngest aoa'O'f the Prince of Cond hatddjeeti
)prehended i'l the night at Strasburgh by a
.trench ouicer dispatched in pursuit ot cer
tain persons implicated in the late conspiracy.
and brought to Paris, where he was identified
!:t d received sentence of death in a few hours
afterwards. The Duke, at the time of his
arrest, V.tempted to defend himself, but was
disarmed by his own secretary.
. Captain Goodricli informs that the trans
ports had hauled down to Nie-Diep. and were
in readiness to sail for the expedition aga
inst E.iglan 1, which it was thought would not
. 'much lairsf be delayed.T :
b. as
some snecious nrool y. w'nt it asserts, ro:r.
his mir'iIv. during wur.'i
At the sam e time it d
vain toa'.temut to wish a U' irk rnorc wiile,
a to expect a grain of s: use f'o-.n our grarius
Sovereivru, it does not n.-Hct to ad ice
the long reign o
as it savs. n rhing but war,!;laodshed and re
hellion ii ive h. -en tal ied of or seen. It aids
t'.ut us if to complete the long scene of fclly
the seeds f tivil war arc evcty day suiTred
to take such deep root, as to require hut the
hint breath of his M ijrsty to blow them into
Full bl .-.oin. fA decn sigh through the
whole house." In short that paper expe.
the imberiliiy And what it calls the inj istice
of the llritish government, hut is .so resj ert
ful to all 01 her states that one would thjnk it
un.fer the innuence of cverv one of thtm.
Let 11s then he wibc cnoui'h to imitate such
The following hftportanf letter was rccei-.
ve P'liU le'phi 1 by the Maria, "captain
Calvert, from Cadu. .
Copy of a letter from Commodore Preble,
.commander of the United State's squadron
- in the Mediterranean, to John Gavino, ;esq.
American Consul at Cadiz, dated
United .Slates Fnytte'CjfiMituthn, Syracuse,
(Sieih ivi' 7, 1804.
DEAR SIR, ' ...
I have, the nleasure of annonncingto yon
the pleising intelligence nf the capture and
destruction ofthe'tripoline frigate of 43 guns,
late the U.ii'ed States frigate Philadelphia, by
the United States ketch Iatr-pul of 4 guns
aud TO m 211, com n mde l by c ipt. Decatur of
the Enterp'.-ize, wb vjlu iteered on the occa
sior.. It is to be regretted that she was so
situated, thatU' was impossible to have bro't
her out. '
On the night of the 3d of Janu 117 , tF.e brig
Syren, cant. -Stuart.and ketch Intrepid of 4
gu.'is fi'te 1 for the purpose, commanded br
capt. Decatur with 71 volunteers, from the
squadron, sailed fof'Tripoli, with orders to
burn the frigate in that harbour. They this
day returned, having executed my orders
m ie.h to my satisfaction.
On the night of the 16th i;lt.c?pt. D ecatur
entered the harbour of Trinoli, with the
. ketch laid lie", .long si(l'igate, and in a
I gallant an I oda :er-like man ier, boarded and
carried her against nil opposition. After
g lining complete possession, he proceeded to
fire h er wi'li success, and left her in a blaze,
-in which. slie pritimied u itil she "w.ts totally
coosu mvU fie h uV-r ie killed, an I only oik:
wrn vled., T,h? Vnp litans !iad between 20
and 3 ) mtnkiU d 'in the deck. One larf:e
boat load made their. esc-pe. some mm run
below and perished in the fla nes; but the
great-rp'trt jumped ovuboud. She was
nv'md ( losetothebatto -ies. with all her guns
loaded, and twoof their cars iirs full of iciui,
y within h tlf musket shot of her. A lire
w is k;nt upon the ketch by the batteries,
li ishaw's Castle and Corsairs. Not a mus
Jfttto" a p'ot'd ii fire. 1 bv oar m.n, 'every
thing was sel'led by the s vo id.
The -Syren anchored without the harbour
to cover the retreat of the Ketch. :u.d sent
her bo its to assist, but unf )i tutnlelrthey did
not arrive in season, as the business was ac
complished, an i the Ketch on her way out
behre the bunt v met her. Had they got in
sooner, it is p.'obuh'.e some of the Tripolit-ui
corsairs would have shared the-jte of the fri
jjjate. Very respectfully, I am, dea; sir, your obe
dient servant,
and that it 'uthe interc of evry people t
remain at peace. That this is their interest
no one doubts. 'Kut I ow has tins interest
.been protected by the v c-nfi of Deity, as
kings are impiously c!'.l ied! their pride, am
bition, and folly have s ; t at naught the hap
piness of nations they I uled, and heedlessly
driven them to arms is- support of tverv fri-
volouspjetensioiiv hof ,-ver tmfounded . Du
ring the period ot peatf e with which '- we hav
Ktfen blessl-d, Eiiglanc has been engaged in -
war twelve years ; every other European'
power has been engag ed in one or more wars,
and one sovereign btl te has been totally ex
tinguished. '
Ought we not the) 1, felbw-citizens, to ex,
ult: in our destiny, ' tfhich scatters roses un
der our feet, and points us to true glory,
.-while the nationsnf the yold world ait in
volved in scenes-o1 ."desolation and havoc ?
Ought We not to clw -rish a warm devotion to "
the principles and U le institutions ofliberty ?
Ought we not to fee I grateful to the founders"
of our republic ; to , those illustrious men who
had the wisdom to perceive the superiority of
the simple forms of a republic, to the 'pa
geantry of royalty, and who had the heroism
fra risk their Uves it 1 its deience-
Nat. Intel.
On the Sth instaiit about one o'clock in the
morning, "the shock of an Earthquake was
very sensible felt" "m the city of New-York
The report, which evidently shook the hou
ses 011 its p rssage, appeared to proceed -from
theer.Vt to the west. The atmosphere i.t
tlvs hour was tranquil, and the sky seren t aini .
brihant. ' ' ,
C )n tho.3d instant at 3 o'clock in the mom
mi;, the new Prison and Penitentiary 1 I-juue
of ' New-York, was discovered in Han tes
ot',iths(anding the active exertions of Ukj
t itizens, the fire continued its ravages lo r two
or three hours ; and before it could be ( extin
guished, the roofSithe garret floor on the 1 ortli
wing.Stihenorthpart of the within tifew
feet of the centre of the building were cjnsii
med The damage sustained is est'.mai cci at
15 or ?0 thousand dollars. The hu Iding
was set en fire by a number of the prist iters.
"The following statement is believed to be ; bub -
stantially con-ect: ".'.-
On the preceding Sunday William V Tick
et, Ed ward liarns, James Stanford, William
Griswold, Joseph Amber, and John R. )sen-
fronts combined together to set - fire to the
prison. About 5 o'clock on. the eveni jg of
the 2d, Barns, Stanford, and Griswold I, f gan
to open a passage through the wall of tiicir
room. At eleven they accomplished tlxir
object, msalc their way to the hall,, houn tl the
keepers and confined them in room N'ull,
and took out Wicket, and Ambler. They
then went to No. 7, broke through the c Jiini
ney, ascended to the garret, kindled a liae in
the west corjjer, went downto the apara aents
of the women, and effected their escape over
the iron railings. When in the parrrl Vick-
cttold his compar.ions,' who had kind led a
fire, 11 that they had done wrong" in reply
to which Hints " swore that he would pr orure
his liberty, or perish in the flames." li tforc
he would make bis own tscunc, W i ket,
more uuu passionate than the rest, rct irne.1
to the kcepcis, lest they should be con rmert
with the building. Stanford has bc n i, in
habitant of the prison three diflcrentii imts,
and oncebcfoie made his escape in a siinilar
f i.
a id fi '.r ;m.jh I h'u
o if r ac-
I i'k
1pircJ on! 1 14 .c
l iff I l i'l I
V'.'C f h it h h; li i"
f I 1 y t I ol 'h
ihr himte'f ru'if.''
K bU a I
v.Jl.14 I ,l 2
411 '
' TUESlAY, MAY 20, I sou
Capt. Allen of the ship John Jones; nrrivrd
-at'lhra put mi Sntmday hv imni -frTrr
.Jio'd, has jianded us the foil owing list of ves
sels spokvn at sea. iil , in lat. 4" 2, nug.
15 f. HiHikf. llc shin Mercury, Gardner. 40
H'.avs from Philadelpii'1.1, bnund lo liiulmi.
May 0. in hit. 21 56. long. 4J 20, spol.'! the
mz Minerva, Harding, of Portsmouth, 8
, d av from KeniH-liunU, hound to Snni.inij
' M iv II, in lat. 23 !3, long. M) "7, sw,k.- the
ship.Coinli.l, lldl, 3 ) days fro. n (ircenock,
bo nid to Charles. -May I 5, in lat. .Vt U,
ul ' o'clock P. M. dpt. A. was acci dentally
nut by a sc hooner, by which the, latter rc
', ccivv.l considerable damage; the Inboard
l b iw of cirh vess.l s'ruck, which csrricd
away the schr's chiin plates, stove in in;c f
her t tim'iers, cirri -J away her fire gifT
an I 111 in -top-in is, nniit her foic-lop-aili by
ibis ui'' i lent she sprung a leak, hut not si
In I b U tnat one pump kept her free 5 nfirr
atTirdin ; w'it assist mce was in his poorer,
. left her. I nc ctrr prmed to be
the W.ilthy, Hatful I. of N'cw-I.ondoi, ' J
tli) o It, bound to narhidoes.
T'l? Lei! dure of thi state of S4uth-Ca
r 1I.U.1 w 11 1 livened at CoHmbia, rm I'rn! if
th' Mthinst. atnloti thi Mamhy foHiwin,:,
th; pi' ii'nvd .nn I'M :nt to the CmiVituii.ut
uft'i: United Sta'cs rehrivc to the eltrlion of
a l'ivi leot uml Viff President, passed the
S"i i. . Aye 21, N.i.-s v, nod ihc House
of Jl j;itcvutatie, Avcs 63, Noes t.
.I,v'. (. nln, nrned at New-York,
frj.11 ..;fcr.!i.a, J:fi tlic Tcxwl cu Uic 31
Cap'. Calvert informs, that a demand had
been made of the Tripolium government, by
the emperor of HuNia, for the enlargement
or the crew of the Philadelphia frigate. L
The United S;atts at PR iCF. vi:h the rJh ci-
' vitited wtrid.
Twcntv-twovcnrs have clansrd since the
close of our revolutionary conirst.Dni mg this
pei'iod we lorn had serious dilf.ULUH-cs with
J'rance, I'tigland and Spain, nnd oilier unu-
tual virc" of Embarrassment."' Wc were
con iderably in debt to the governineiU of
France, and we wrrc deeply indebted to the
subjects of England. We had our Imnnda
,fis to scilc wiilr England opd Spain. Some
- of-mrr-TrtTrrnshail'rmsttmcraila-.;
France, and others to England. The Frrnth
revolution with Ihc war it gave vE to, rhn4;
Europe to her centre, and drove !rm tlnir
strongest holds of iiciUmlity nil the powers of
Europe, wi'houtan exception, whose interest
dictated peace. Amidst this universal con
vuUion of the civilised woild we have
prcu-rved pesce, we have paid oil fur
debts, we have muhiplied our resources
improved the face of Air country,
doubled our population, extcn led tur
commrrcebryoml all precedent, and have in
addition t u'll this, not only vrclcrvctl but
iinpvcd ourhbtity.
Whence these mighty and astonishing ef
fects ? Can they arise (mm climate ? J.(cii
Montcsquitu, with the full force of his rm'.i.
hctiorno a favourite theory could not, wrre
he alive, find anv reason, for its application
lure. Does it arise from our suprtior sis
doni ? We have to rcftrvt that in all the de
piitmcnts of science other than j-ohtusl. we
1 are inferior to several Europe sn nations.
ran it flow from jKiulinr irtu'cf Uiifotiu
t.attly we are not exempt fituii the sues of
other communitus. No. It is not be traced
to any ex'riordinary ihyslfl or morsl fro ofour tititrns t t thiir rii'lJifan
institutions ; to the repotiibiliy ol Oh ir ru
Kr to them J to tl.r patriotism whirh a free
ji"njdc fhrr'ishcs t and ti e pr Rrts,e dnTu
iioi of knowltde which it spitaOs omng
t!if tvniif . r '
Vhd)oph h rtp?ate'i me t.fiuminn
that war is the grca'.ol coargc of humanity.
Extract of a letter fr mi a gentleman 1 1 Sa
vannah to his friend in Petersburg, dated
May ikt, 1804.
' In my last, of the 26th ult. 1 giv you
n detail of certain occurrences, which then
agitated the citizens of this place ; imrl lsi
promised you some further comn.uii ration
relative to the general character of judge'
M ThU gentleman is descended fiom a
very respectable familv on Hhodt-Isl ind
At an early age he Kf; the college rf.
and applied himself to the study of lar ; and
immrdiately after he had completed his stu
dies he embarked for thclslc of Franccwhcre,
in a very short time, he rendered Himself
obnoxious to the government by his sre'itious
prTiicipTcsTror" iii attc'm fl 16 raise an Insur- "
rtction among thctpccple of colour, he Vas
arrested, tried ami condemned to the gal
lows ; but bv the advice of his hwycr, ho
feigned insanity, and therefore evaded the ex
ecution iJ'thr law ; he was not finally exempt
from punishment, for he wss thrown in irons
and tC'Unnspostcd'tn the United Slatesf
Soon after his re-apprarance in his nslive
country, he murrird a poor French girl, de
cidedly in opposition to the will of his friends ;
svhich ircumitnwe. together with his shame
ful conduct in the Isle of France, to moth
exasperated his father, that he discarded
him. He then commenced practising law,
and some few years since was appointed tr
the important office of judge of the superior
court I'K the eastern district of this state, at
,a salary of 1400 dollar per annum.
"He ism msn m very handsom? talents
his language is beautiful I have not yet ecr
a ropy of the charge hith hss caused bis
confinement, but am t"Ul thsl it is the most
tlcganl composition thai was ever heard froni
the bench in this jdace.
" The l-r.isliturs of this s'ate were net
to' illy Mnsequainif d with judge Uowen's prin
ciples, nor his conduct In the Isle of F.-ante,
hut as he as the only person who would ac
cept Hie paltry salary which was voted, rather
than make a more liberal allowance, which
should indue torn of undoubted Jirinripleg
lo acitpt the appointment, they preferred
I l im.
t lie exhibits every mark of a rn lmta

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