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PUBLISHES (wKEKt)' BY ALULitiB MALL, -TUESDAY; FEBfcllJAIlY ) 1805.
' 0J? REPftESEIfTA flVES :
' : , . v ;" ? ' January I6i
A message from the Senate, by Mr. Otis,
their Secretary, infornied that the Vice
President of the United States and Presi
dent of the. Senate, had obtained leave of
absence, and that tne.Senate having pro
ceeded to the choice of at President pro tern-.
pore,had elected Mr. Ar.derson,ofTennessee.
Mr. Speaker laifj before the House the
report of the Secretary at: War, on thepe
tition of the military officer stationed jt New
Orleans, which was refef red to a select com
mittee, of five. - ..s...tr;".'
' ' ' ::)??j?ii -.fenBi?!rj'A3Uu
Mr. Claiborne; 'moved the order of the
- slay for tUrtfljWIW oresojve itself into'
cftnimittee or the whole, on the bill making
iurther provision for the extinguishment of
the debt still tluc fi-om the 'United States, t
Mr Varnum in the chair.:
This bill goes generally to make provision
for. the payment of certain debts liquidated
at the Treasury. '.-. . " , ' 4 ' :
A new section was proposed by Mr. Clai
borne, making similar provi&ion for all tin-f
liquidated debts dve for services rcnuerea or
supplies furnished during our revolutionary
A debate of considerable length arid, in
terest grew out of the question for adding
it to the bill; '
On motion the committee divided and 78
members voting in favour of inserting it in
the bill, it was carried. . (
A motion for striking out the last section,
limiting the duration of the bill to
years was made by JVlr. Macon, (Speaker 0
another debate of some 'length took place,
and when the committee divided there were
48 in favour of striking ouV,' and 54 against
it so it was determined in the negative. .
Mr. Elmer proposed a new section em
" bracing the cases of Messrs. Bowen, Moore,"
and Elmer, officers of artillery, but who were
not attached to the line of any state pro
viding for an allowance of the depreciation
of their pay, which they did not obtain un
der the resolution of the old Congress, in
consequence of having resigned a few days
' previous to its taking effect. '
This motioh'did nut succeed,'only 18 mem
bers voting in its favour.
Mr. Thomas proposed a new section en
acting that the claim of the United Stales
vgainst individual states for balances which
occurred previous to the year 1790, should
continue to exist till the day of and
Ho longer. ;
This motion vras also lest, only 20 rising in
i Mr Dana, from the committee of claim)'
made a report upon, the application and re
presentation of sundry citizens of Massachu
setts, purchasers under the ,, Georgia compa-,
ny j of the agents of persons composing the
NewEngland land company, purchasers uhi
dee the Georgia and Mississippi companies,
and the agent for suhdry citizens of south-
Carolina purchasers under' the Lpper Mls-
swiippi' company;. "Which" was refemd to a
conraviltee of ihe whole,- and ordered to bfc
printed yith the accompanying documents. ,
Tn Speaker made the usual inquiry " for
what day shall it be made the order
Mr. Dana moved Monday
he bad no khsa ol the report
that time, of even if it
Call itfflnintf W
m me m mutes as a.
mr. i.eio movea i
of the day forUhe 3d of M
The third of'Mareh being
tant day, was first put, - and a division of the
house was called upon the question. There
appeared but 30 members in the affirnt&iyc ;
of, course1 it was not carried.
Monday next-was then ngretd to without a
Mr. Nicholson moved thegpfder 'of the (lay
on, tine report of the committee, of claims,
on the petition of .Alexander Murray-, pray
iug tobe 'reimburh'edtlie value, damage, and
costs of a certain vessel captured by him,
and which had been decided &gr.inr,fhim
by the supreme court of the United States ;
which being ogretrd to, ' . V
Mr. Tenney was called tf the chair.
The comthittcerafler fiometitmii spent in
considering the report of the rornniiUce of !
claims, adopted the resolution thereof that
the prayer of the petitioner was just, and
ought tabe granted, 66 members voting in
favour of the. resolution.
The house having concurred in the re
port of the -committee of -t"h whole, it was
referred to the comnnUcc of claims to biing i
in a bill conformably to the said resolution.
A message was rtcei:ed frtm the Prt?i
dent of the United. States, informing th.it
he had approved and.signed the ai l aulho'-i-
Jer6me de la CapelLa. David Urcchart;
J. F. Merieut. ', : Cif a r les PattoS'. .
Nicolas Giracd. JAstr.iUARRick.' '
Alkxande ITVlitzE.;' Uicikaq jlL:-
The Grand"Jtiry having taken the oathT
v Jrekribed by law, his honour tddressed them
in a neat and intereatingchaj,ge'vV.hicb ihobgh
not particulally remarkable for depth of re
searchdeservesnev'erthelcas to be recorded,
as beingthe'fifStilttfy ;jiulge has theie
liad an opp6rlurity;ofdeliTetir.'tin theno
vel situanln which Mr Provost was placed
he might: perhaps have done more ; biit'li is,
rather to berAllowe4 credit for what he has
lowe4 credit fpr
hed, than cenfcureft for wlial lie- has ?tft
orpt6d. We had hopes, of recti vrng '
narge in. m own wows : but ntaher ot
; papers published inEnglish aUSewiOvlean'is I
nvihg cume to hand, wq. translate the follow-'
in y from dv Monitfur de la Lo'ljisiANA.'in.
which paper it is published with tavtes
tation of the swofii interpreter cf the court.' -
GENTLEiMEfi OF Tilt GsAND-JciiTi ...
. I cannot dissemble Ihe agreeable emotion
which 1 fcel in addressing myself to an assem
bly composed of the l c;.ptcUtble inhabitants,
ofthisten-itory, by a title so .sacred "in the
annals of civil liberty. vTheJ ' proceed rft",
a deep conviction; of Hie imporiant conse
qiienci;s that .ought to How Irom that sytern
which is this day introduced amongst , yen ;
frora the knowledge which fiperience has
given mc oflts advaiitagws; 'amlfroui .a pre
possession which makes me hopethat, AvbeU
this principle shall be perfectly Vhown, it will
be considered ai Uie most inestimable privi
. lege that can be secured to you by ,y our clqse
union with a people jealous of its civil rights,
and tenacious of every thin which concern's
tlie personal safety of the citizen. . ',
I felicitate yVai, genth nich, net only oh the
introduction of the trail nv Ji'Rr,vhut on the
establishment of a tribunal for preliminary
inquest, unexposed, from li e, rh;ivacter of its
members to rorrup'ion of ar:y description;
theltered, by the:rfinv.nesar.d inderxr.donre,
from the assidis of power ; era nipt, by their
ii.tcgrity, lit.ni ti e influence of iuvouihiiTn ;
and .vhose.uupr.;,tiRlity is guaranteed Ly the
siicrcd love of duty with which they are ani
iratcd, and the bi;;h respcr.sibilitv attached
tothe'n fundioQs. Revere, indeed, ouv;ht 1o
pare a bill for indictment, contauihig all il h
particulars "oi the crimei '
The Attorney General will aesiU, you in
axranging such indictments as ywiay tl.ii.k
I proper to consult him upon, inl v ;iS);
i m you iui ins ntiyice on tie nature mh
; merits of the pi'ftefs rtiiuired iy law- to si.L
. ilantiate each ipeci'es pi ci-irne. A
j ' Yoii are dotibtlcss.wull convinced, jenUe
tuen, of the necessity of p'resi-rvin"- thr'..ii..t
zing the erection of a (lamur roucway from 1; bethe principles; and incorruptible the tquitr,
Mason's Island to the wefctern bhorc of the i- of thai Irxly, 'whose sole accusraion an brine
The. last sestlon limltisg the duration of
the law for years being under con
sideration, It was proposed 16 fill up the
blank with S, 5, and 20.
The question was then Ukcn on the hign
cst number viz. 20, and lost, only 27 mem
bers bfin in its f4vonr.
On filling it with 3 yeafs the Hovr-e divi
lcd, and wevc si in the afTimutivc and 4 J
in the negative, v if was tarried.'
The commitfee then'rose and reported the
bill and ill amendment, and the House pro
ceeded to consider tlie latne.
A considerable debate took phce on con
curring in tbfc amendment proponed by Mr.
CI libornc, extending the law to unqualified
cUimt, an1 upon the question of concurring,
the House divided, and were for it 3t
.ngalnst it 5& So the amendment n not
agreed, to. ... . '
. .Several ver'M ameRUme nt were alter- .
warils agreed to, ami the bill wis ordered to !
be cngrusyd for a third rcvling to-morrow. J
Mr. CrowninslilcU repotted a bill for the
-fflicff JhelsuiTLitri bv fire in the City of-'
Kcvr-Yoil, it lite stitc of KeV-York, itmr '
twice read, and. referred to tlic comtniuee
,i the whole for Monday next.
Mr. Sloan laid upon the table the fullow
ing motion, which was KCoudii ly Mr.
Aiukrvn i . .
u Resolrcd, Tint from and after the fourOi
Cxy of July, 1805, all bUcks and lop'.e of
colour, that sbill be bra within the dittrict
of C4rohia, or whoe mother shall be tho
property of any person residing within the
aid irstrict, shall be fite the male at the
ice of and tho females at the
Mr. Stinford morcd to consVrr the rm
tion at this time. The llouke decided m
0m nuethm. ind there wre 37 for the
immediate consideration, and only 30 against U
. . I . ......... .1.. ub lilrn tftIA 'i
11, WlKrHll IUS Mill mmm
It was then moved to. refer the motion to
a committee of the nbole.
The Ye nd Nyi were clle! upon the
spirMion of refeierice, and ncre Yeaa 47
I he ,v:ction wis then tskf n without de
on the orijinal resolution, Ayti3l,
f3 the rctolaoti wis nejstived.
The thlM reading of the till mikinj far
h prov'ulon f r the etiingtmhmtnt tf
lrl rfiM bf tke Cwiud l'ti. m, m mo
!or of Mi . Miton,postpgnc4 till Mondsy htat.
Mr. Findkiy presented a memorial on
behalf 6f the : people called Qu:ike'"s. i-equev-ing
ConRrtS'v to pass a law relative to li e
importutior. of Blacks into the United Stales. I
iieicrreu lOir.C coni;nmec epponueu in inui
mrlofthe President's Message relating to1,
the amelioratien of the government If the I
inii.xbilants of Louisiana.
The hill Tor eJtinguiihing certain dcbs
due by the United States, being on its third
reading, was, on' molion of Mr. Eppes, com
mitted to a committe of tlie whole.
The House divided on the motion 50 in
tbe affirmative, and 34 in ihe 'negative.
So it was carried.
Mr. Nitholsrn moved to mrkc ittl.c order
of the dsy for the foui-ih ot March tivxt.
The House divided 19 fur it, a!ith4C
It wd then mudc the order of ihe day for
' The bill foT the support of t!vc miHtan- cs-
I tablWirhrtit far If 05, wrs rtad a third lime
jj . The bill utloriMng the Post-Master (.c-
'neral tomske further allowance fyr carry
' ing the otail from Fyeilevil!e to Chaile:
ton, was read a third liir.e and pacd.
Mm NiehoUon repor:ed from ihe commit
tee apfointed for the p'.irpcse, a bill fixing
the sa'.ueof ratioh alhnvcd to the ollircrs ill
-the-wmy ithe.Ui'td State, j II b read
twice, and referred to a cornlhiucc' of the
whole for to-morrow.
Mr. KhrV(of Tennes-?) molion relative
to ihe number of trtHipsand olTicers and their
II declination, was called up and agreed to.
Taon tm Noarotx HcaAin.
The 5th rf OccemUr last was a day which
deserves to he firever rememWcrtd l-yihc r.J.
tlxensof New-Orleans, and the tcrritoiy tt
tuched to it. It forms a memorable cpodi
in iheir M story, and may be called ihe birth
May of their cil li'eiiy. On thai day the
KiriKMr CovaT of the Territory of 0.
LPAKthcld itiriasr sr.sticir, under his ho
nour J. 11. I'aitos?; inhibiting to the for
into 'i me r subiecu oi a King oi opmn ui? novm
j', spectacle of a free end impartial trul of all
4 crimes and oflVnct,by a judge subject to the
k law and to the previous decision of twelve
I diinlertlrd and honest men the only fell
.( s.ifeifuitd of the person and property of the
!: cilitrn. The mmct of the following gentle-
';' men are recorded as the first who have been
honoured by tin tilk ol ji acai, in our newly
firitGrand-lnqutit Jor the Trrriirr cfOrUtni.
JACQVK PlTOT,. IllJAMt"M0H0AX,
I.fVAVSAtS. SfT.liT AXDlt W BlBtK.
PatL Lakw. STrrtmi Hriosci.
jouri Faviu- Ait irra Moafci
to the b:ir of justice, as a irjminsl, ihe roan
most exalted hud dignified ; while he tbe most-
tbscurt cannot, without its tonsent, be put to
pnswtrtevcn fora capital criine ! J f the )ow
et of JicruMug could be tx-rtir.cd iviihrut t!ie
restr'pint cf previous c:';am'.natirji into the na
ture of the charges, there would exivt no se
uri'y even for the ciiizcn whose conduct
should be the most irreproachable. Cal
umny mijlit rob him of his reputation ; cre
dulity would lend ii complaisant ear to his
defamr.tif n; and hatred or revenge mijiht
rmipu him U appear under luulcscrved ac
tusitioni, at the bar of a criminal court. In
audi predicament what would his ini'bcrnre
uvail A lardy judnmcnt mihf, nci'haps, in-
ncqui'.ting bin, re-estublish his reputation in
the ojiinico of the smidl number of those wlio
judge of things by ihctr real meiitsbt-.t 'not
iz tl.c minds of an unrcllecting multitude,
who hut loo often think that t be arci?s:rd
and to be guilty are synonymous. AVrreiMs
p'ower pl-ud in the barn's t,ov: j-i. or in
aT pcrtriHneM bo!y, it wonhr m :;rt:! !;.
subiecte'd to the ih.pulfes of fj'trr M-rlcnr-
.rnption. How, then, re th-.e evils o bR j
prevented? What is that accnsr.tich which
muni inevitably sirikc at thfguil'y? How are '
the innocent lo brclTictuullypivitcclidaaintt
groundless charge I The experience f
ages, the inspirations of genius, the rciult uf
the most enlightened oleivntioii, unite to
demonstrate, that mnocertc cannot puss
tliiongh a more pure ordeal, rannoi ave a
mere powerful buhvarR7Thori a triTftintftTCm
posed of men, chosen, at fixed cpocha end
for a limited time, out ofOie modt rrspectabie
classed or that soticly into which they must
re-enter at the expiration of tluir functions.
Such, gentlemen, is that invtitutiou of svhlett
von have the honour to be the first members,
in this territory;
f rom you, gentlemen, who hae been thui
selected, and who have scaled your engage
ments with the most solemn oath, your r'otm
trv cvpccls the f-.ilfilmcnt cf tloc duties
which are now imponcd upon you. , Your du-
ties arc briefly drstgnntrd in the oath which
you have taken, and y which you hste.bMaid
yourselves to denounre all crimes which may'
come to yobr knowledge, " Ailm4 Jot Ja
tune, rrff , o t liofit cf rnrit d" '; as tvtry
Individual whom cu shalf accuse, miU be
subjected to the event and to Ignominy of a
publick trial, you are equally bound not to
accuse any one, M through tmj, hotted, gr ma.
Let t" n shot t; as you arc responsible to God
and to your conscience, rou are enjoined to
prcscnvall things " wit h ttvth." It is also
your duly to take cognizance of alt infractions
of the laws of the land, whatever nisy be the
degree of rath offence I patiently to htsr and
diligently to examine the prrefs which r.uf
be offered to you in support of complaints
and whenever twelte of your number shall
unite 19 finding tlitca well grounded, to pre-
,iiufc aotrccy respecting every rnc.umv.tniu:i;
whiclt may come before you ; ar.d puilkular-.
ly with refafed to the opinions I, ch iiiy hd' "
utlered m yoUnLpiivate,dclii)'cvaii(jiis. Tin
secrecy is indispensable: to the free exercise
of your funtiir4iM; ibr nW Vine vvfi:ti v vj.m
iiicucine enmrty na- nis; lwittw pri' by a
Uiey would be rxposed by an iiuiicn t i n vi -
lllllnn .. tl.it. (lv. r.ir,1..Uo r- 'lTnr.il. Mil M. .III. I I' -
rjueiitfy es'ciipe puftishm'tht, if il.e vuic
truth were not, certain ot being proierttd, bv
tbe assurance thai it's counsels, would never
be 'divulged. V ' i
,. After having thus etpWieJ x mC&t mid
object .of your- fuhctibfisi it only rtirviitfe for
me'to add. Kehtlemeu,- that on yourvipjicncc
in examining and in denouncing nffern es. de
pends the preservation of order,, of morality
of religion, an'd cf gnyrnrntrnt.
., KOil -SBB-l.ATIONAf, IXTM.L? frLNCKR.'
H "The Ntw-Vcrk prints state the arrival at
that City of Captain Hamilton, from. Naples,,,
and, that he has hrougji dispatclies. tf)oi
iernroent, from Cphimc'doVe Prd.lc. Wc
learn,1 on enquiry, that the Secretary;, the
Navy has vece'ued'ft letrer from the Navy
Agent at Naples, dated October ihe F.OilI, "
vvhicb,' howevtr, furnishes no mformaiivii i-it ,
addition to rtiat previously received and pv.L
li&bcd. (. . . . ;
' Other dccciurvts give some cii'cuu.staricei
not unworthy of notice. The letter fr;m
Comniodoro liarron, of the Sth: ;Septcn.h r, '
further statjs,- ibat lie w'as preparing to ut- ..
tack Ti-ipoii (vi'uliriUt the gun rthI moriar..
boJ.rs) with the iiiy;.aes, the - I-'resi'deiU, the
Constitution, the Congresi forul t! iC iihttl
hili onand that this sttr'wk Vvo'Jd be- iiir.de
as soon as they h;id c'oniuh ud the lepwirs
of the few injuries received by thtil'c: sthu-
Li'ion in the. action of the 1st bi' September.
It jipp;jrH u .q tliht rr Mnoflov: rreblfl '
find Mr. O'llrieu, under 'he in. predion lbs.
the gun boats ord mr.-;. vi '.a enol-t -:-t
longer, with any piosperi of surress. leid,
ihe sea, directed thtr.i c'i tlie '..h .f hei t.
two days previ.ii.s io the i.ni:d of Co:iiino.
rfore Uuiron off Tr'oli, to rcpr.ir to Syrn
cUse, On which day they actori'.ii!y lei;:
. A letter from an cficcr cn brsr;i tie Tie
sident,-dated Symcusc, harbour, Sep'.cn:bti
t'Sntl;, states the followirj: f.rt, l.k'h uc
j loo interesting, 100 illustrative ci the I ii;lt
heroism of our seamen, and too honour il!r
to the memory of the decwustd, to be vitii
held fVbra thc'publis.
"I wrote you f.:om,Gibrr.'"r the IJth
August, and fi-um Malio tle Oth 'a t. sce
which wu have been o(T Tiipd'., and on'.veik
lieru two 'dy-Mnt'c. Two days p-t vie. n
to our arriving ipff Tripoli a lot was filled .
vith 100 barrels of powder started in loose,
sud Sr.O shells . the eomriiuhd wast'nen td
K'V.x- L" nd Somcra, uho had with him i.u vir
II tvuaiits W-.t'.sworth and Iroel, v.iih t''it
11 . . . '. .
e -of h. lil oiiievk -Aere to pet 111 OS luU
ti.e toin and b ittenes as possible ?no pm
iire to the twins hu had with him a sn.all
bpzV to ell'ect hjs escajx; from the hai brur
iff which was Captain Stewart in tae . van
'ailing Car lm. , N hc,n we arrived off TrU
poll vie .were informed that he g"t tH
and set fire to. the trains, but by "erne acci
dent it was supposed the irs'n commr.nK..
cated to ihjs du uowdcr bcloic they get oT
n iumcieTt-liR4r a-frum Jlhevcssel. But
by an arrival here last nibt c I a tcI iromi
MalU.Mhe captain cf whom was rt TnitU
at the lime rf tite explosionhe ii forfns tl.u
Somers had got well in, when to gun boau
full of man wctc.KOt to board him, which
they e (Tcctcd, loo Trrol'itan Wf-'T. cn ,K)!,1'
of his, boat, be (blind he mu.t till er fjll
into their Iwmds or Mow him'.f "P
ehoie the latter, and with hie own Iinw-a
lut the matcli to tbe powder," winch ir.ataM
ly cj.abcf! to pkevs. the boats and tvciy per
son in them. t
. Aloni IW) shelli Ml into tie town and
ca.ile, at this instant there m ti e Rrtat
tst const erAation tvtry where, awl . wuh aco
tMn believe, Ihe castle migU baveUin
' Amoor the brave Miows who tr.us eroru
th-irdays, and laid a veil fm.mUJ ti
Hlory, were Captain bomrrs. of "ntr
Meutenam W.cUrroith, .( .MassLtl.uttf,
Midshlpnun Israel, tf M.rybml wWc
names have been stated before,
arc now given wiili greater precision to p
vent miMiV.es. . eLn
The vessel blown up wis a lugge.fci
I'ttle value, taken from the tucmy.
VanieJ at this office an apprentice w th