The Wilmington Gazette (Wilmington, … /
July 30, 1805, edition 1 /
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PUBLISHED (witKKht) 3 ALLJiAND jLi-TUESDAY JULY Soy ISOSi
yitoii THK Vermont j oornal
fO SIS CONSTITUENTS.
' Letter X.
: t am tcffiifcd of abandoning the prin
ciples of liberty, and of joining in a plot
for the divilion of the Onion;- The char
ges are talfe, arid the authors of them know
them to be falfe.
Who are the real friends of liberty, of
genuine restated liberty I I s the frantic
revbluiioi.ilt a more rational friend of
freedom than the fullen monarchlft ? Is
ihe man Who advocates "peace and oninn
to be conftdercd as a diforganiier? B.i is
. jt faid that the federalist are all mrmjicli-
iftst and that the principles of republican
ilm and monarchy can no more be iinnt.t
than oil and water-can be-minjile or
" than the glare of day "and th jld;nn of
r.ight can be amalgamated. A few dys
fince my condiments were alfj pr'ofT-
fed federalilts: I was myfelf a meaib'ir
of-the little banl -who oppof d in this
diilricl the adminHWauou of Mr. Adams.
Should 1 dare to aflt'eny conttiuien-k, were
you in 1798, when yon luppoi.ied te.teral
. candidates and federal tneafuies, enemies
to the righ s of man, entinir to your
own lig'it.s ? -They weuhl inilan ly- ar-
fvver with indignation, N we have al
Ways bcen-rtj-ubricans. It is" thdh'mrire
V .ihau ' common charity jo conclude tjiat
. the immenfc majority of .hJVvvhi ilill
profefs the principles ot fe.leralifm are
. alio republican! ? Among the many thou
; fands who have left the federal Itanrlar l,
how many hae told .us that they had been
concerned in a plot for thc'ikltnutuxi of
liberty i Not one. Monarchical princi.
pies are cunfincd to a tcvr individuals in
our country' an(l among ihofe individuals
may be placed fome of our moll ardent re
It is fald that the idea of a union of the
people of the' northern fta;cs in one grtat
' political intereft muft produce a diyifi'tn
f the Union t and thofe wliu fay this
look with perfecl compJaccncy upon'tlut
gigantic nufs of influence whuh a H.ni.
lar ui.ion 111 the fouthcrn flatcs has alrca.
dy crca'rd. In other words to prtlcrve
the Union the fouthcrn Mates mutt be 11 .
nited as one mm, and the" northern mull
be divided and ciittrafled Mitciahle fo
jhifm Abfurd and fool 1 Qi dogma ! Let
me here repeat thkt apnfcdl union a-
trior g ourfclvc-s would iu!uce ut to de
mand no more than our due (hire of po
litical we'ght, whiih would then be ) icl
rleJ to us,, and the. Union would be pre
fcrved, and even rendered more fcciiie.
ariousare :hc opinions id men of re
fiw'ftion in reVition to ihe probub'e tftecls
of il.eacquifjiiun of L'mifuiu. Uon no
fuhjedi have I fot.nJ it more diflicult to
aim an opinion tr myfelf. 3ime p
lieve that a cominercuTcoiineaioii will
- take place biteen the eallcru and wtf
tern fines; that the people ot N .Kg.
lanJ will carry to thofs of ;hc M iFi lir'pi
the productions of all oher parts gf the
tvorld, and export fur them their own
produclinns ; ar.d that this commercial
connexion will proJuce a political one,
favourable to us and iinfavoursble to the
- - foutherri (laces.. Others argue that the
mrtabitants of the welt will te a Out
building and agriculural people;, that
their tkinity to the Weft India markets
vrlll enable them to fupercedc us in fome
cf the mol prohuble brsnchei of our
commerce ; and that the idea of a t'olitU
eal connexion with them, though fp'end
W, i rc'fift'r dcluHve. The profped
indeed it rather gloomy. Dm pul ing
Louifuna out of the q ieftion, the numher
of repreffntatives in cojgrcfi to which
th: fwhern Dates arc entitled, 01 ac
count of their fljes, mull f irevcr frcurc
them a tnijorn m the councils of the U
ion. The (lives are not icprcfcnte',
but three fifths of their number a I led to
the number of free perf mi, and this d.
termincs the number of rtprefcn'ativr
frpm the Hate. Were the Unci made
free, we could not refiife, upon our ow n
orinciptet, to allow ihem teprefentaiivet
bt depmel, as they are, of all civil
fights, and confi.lered merely at proper.
If, it ouM be as jufl that the Vermont
, farmet OmulJhe entitled to a reprcfenta
tion lr hit cattle, at the Virginian plan-
......... ..vKtofi. jjo northern man
y whilut CitigSt a fmgle fpark of (redom's
lame from tie altar or patriot.fm, but
mull w.m that there things were not fo.
Such, however, is the confliiutioo of o ir
cotintty, thu faccd inflrumerit viHich 1
. btfoc never to Ut viUtcd in ar.y cf in cf.
feritial principles ; and as it is not to be J
ex pe tie J that the people of the fouthern
ftates will ever agree to an alteration
fraught with ruin to their intereftsj it if
to be hoped that the fubjefl will not again
t agitated. V 1
We arc continually told that there is
nd difllmilarity of inierelts between the
pcopld of the northern and those of the
fouthem dates. When we 'prove that
clafhing interefts do xift4 we are lulled
to 11 ep by fvren fongs and melodious eu
logies upon fouthern magnanimity, We'
are told that our fodthern brethren will
take better care of us than we could take
of ourfelves. 0n this fubjeft," the ton.
tempt with whiih northern reprcfenta-,
lives arcf treated, th-.trifiing attention
piid to any meafure hich they propofe,
hrf attempt to extinguiib the ftate balan
ce, to ab-'ilh the loan-offices, and to re
je-rt the Georgia claims, the additional
duties upon commerce, the late alteration
of the conllitution, and the other altera
tions' which are contemplated, fpeak a
language "more expreflivc than all thethun
ders of eloquence. As the dernier
rtfort of the alarmifts, we' are told that
the immortal Wellington cautioned the
peop'e gain(t ihofe who fhould attempt
to crea'e geographical parties. He did fo, .
He 1.4J in view ihe gic-tt and general in
terelts of the nation, the confti'ution ItT
felf, and not thofj min;r interelh which
cxilt.in the very nature of-things for,
in the high character of Frefi lent of the
Natioival Convention, hj had before told
us that the "cunititution is the refu'.r of a
fpirii of atriityj and of hat mut ul defer
"ence abd fonct-ffion. which the peculiarity
of our political fiMistion rendered indif.
jei.fible. If, lutweveri the fagacieut
nitnd of Wafhingtondul not anticipate the
prtfent'rtate of things' ha circuTiUance
can form no argument -tgiinll our ac
commodating our conduct to the events
and prolpttls otthc times.
ltcannoi be too often repeated that
man is man." Did the northern dates
noflefs power, their political fydem would
iwHehlv beaalaeous to that which no-.v
jl governs the fouthern. Jjiit pocr is de
parted from us ; and 1 Dope that we mill
never attempt to regain it by any other
than hone'Iff nua is The editor of the
principal paper puhlifhcd at the fet of
government, an liot.elt ar.d candid man,
has not been able to conceal Ms exultation
at the. proj ect of noithern humiliation.
Admitting that the northern (tales 11. ton
predict the exidencc of all thtfs different ;
parties in dur-country, in a greater or
lefs degree, uhm thercourfe' of a very
few years.; '
tew indtvlJual ot M republican party
fuffered more in their feelings, at lead.
from fedcta1 perfectition, than myfelf. I
am willing, however to facriiice even my
jult relentments . udn the altar of my
country.; But I will neyer facri6ce my
principles. Some of fhofe who dtchnn
the moll violently againlt me at this mo
ment, were federalilts while federalifm
was fifhionable. My condiments will, re-
m ember that important facl: when i)iey
hear the' future declamations of thofe gen
tlemen. Others have changed. I re
mainunaltercd. I repeat it, I advocate
the northern union -with a view to the
prefervatiort inftead of the deft ruction of
tn cnsttituuon. and 1 suvocate it up
on tepublican principles alone. I will
oppofe it whenever it is attempted to be
eltabltticd upon principles favourable to
ariftocracy or monarchv.
; JAMES ELLIOT.
Letter XL And lasu
t H.NVE explaipe'd my congreffidnal
enhdadt to the fjtisfadion, I prcfume, of
every candid man in the didrith In i;n.
nation or certain cnaracrersj wnoie iteps
I am proud to follow, 1 (hall now pre.
Tent my Conflitucrtts" with my general po
litical creed j and they will then determliTe
whether 1 am an apodate, or a republ
can of una'tercJ prin.-io'e.
. With the venerable fob bribers of the
declaration of in-lepernlence,''i ' hold
thefe truths to be felf.eiide ii : that ail
men. are creaedcqual j -.that iliev are en
dowed by their crca'br wiih certain un
aiienaoie ritrntf t tnat amoni- tr.tiu are
life. Liberty, and ihe purfuit of happinefs.
That to fee u re thele rich's governments
are inftituted among mtn, deriving their
juil powers 'from the confent of .the g
veined; that wlicnetfer any form of g
vernment becomes didrticliveot V.cie emis
it ijihe right of the peop e 10 alter or a
TJolijix if, and ni iiiit it;it e new eovern-
mo-nts. ' Although 1 have b::r f.om my
earliett infancy a hrm believer in the
Chrilt.an ReliL'ion, yet I ''etc it th idea
of a rdigion cftablilhcd by law, an.. , cor.
dially f iblcnbe to the Icntiments exptci
fed upon thn fuhjecl in the Declaration of
t!e Knhtsof i'ic people ot this State. I
believe the tambliran fy llem of govern
tr.cnt to be the bed that ever exilic in
the world, and the coudituHon of the J-
nited sttes to he the belt of all re;ubr-
can fvlK-ms hitherto. I believe tlut thi
imniei.fc tetr'nmv and heterogenous jui.
pnla ion of hc United States cannot be
r-M fcrvrd in a ll-tc of union under a fvf
trui lefs energetic than the ptefent con
ttjlntion, if would bedargrrou to make il
more democra:ic, and I 'hope that it will
never be nrcdTary to make it more ariilo
cra'ic. ,1 believe that Wafliiitgton was the.
greatrd warrior, and probably the moil
correft (lattfmaii in our country. I be
lieve Adams to be a nian of integrity ?i,d
talents, but that the general fyllem of his
adn-inillratton was wreng. I believe
Jcfferfon is a man of gtrat abilities, and
a fnccre friend to a republican form of
go:rnmenf, and I lhall fupport his ad-
mirillrstin, and that of cvrry future rre-
gcr poflcf political weight, h a(k, wi.h..!
. . a . 1 . 1 1
an air 01 iriumpn, " ahu wny coram; 1
fouth rule the north? Becaufr ihe furh
is united and the north is divi lvd." 1 hive j
jufl faid the fame myfelf. 7 tt mrtb givel t
up and te with keeps n-.t buck. I'nerc i
aie' men who are lefs honrff on fiis f.jbjecl i
than the editor of th National 1 -t-ili.
gencer. I am allured, from unqutdion-
able authority, that it is part of the fyllem '
of fome young and ambitious politicians '
of tic fouth 10 add fuel toj'ie flame of par. :
ly fpirit in the north that they rniy divide
and govern us, as the Romans d'videJ :
and govcricd the Greeks
It may be arrogant in me to declare
that the opinions which I now avow will
one day command the univcifal alfent
of .the-people in, the -northern quarter of -the
Unions but as I always make it a
point to fay what I think, I (hall liazarJ
I hi iff 1 1 inn.
If af a future day new pattlel fhnuld during my Uf:, anJ the conltitu-
ar fe In our rountry. and we (hould be no . mhvm hukkwj, . iv n m mr
ii . 1 L. 1 1 1 . . : . . 1
cunucncci mai. oeeiu i.-.cir meaiurcs cai-
divide! into northern men an 1 fouihcrn
nrn, infleadot fcdcralids and democrats,
wimlj any 'one doubt the propriety and
pmiotifin of fuppor'lig the northern in
terelt in all its coutlituiional and reafona
ble tights l1 Should we be divided into
large date ar.d fn!lPae panic, would
it be cm t 'ndcd hat the people of the north
no. lit nut to rmbrsce the ir.ttied cf the
fma'.l da e? Vermont, New. liamplhire,
Kh.!r-1 flinl and roinedlicut by an ir
revocable law of nature, mud always be
fmad llaui. (jeortfja, Kentucky, Ten.
reftf, and Oh o, thnih now fma I, will
very fomi be in ths ItiQ clafs of large
ftit'rs. lit nt e the abfurdity of tlie jrU
utnphof the friends ot the late amendment
of the conditution, i.pon its unanimous
adoption by the malt tattt'vi the fuih
and wed. Shou d'we tt diviJel into a
condituiiona! and an ami co..l'-'uii.nal
: party, wonH any one cenfure ait union
of honed men" -r the tmrpofc i f prefer
ving the coiidituti.it.?-. As wclltnight it be
comendcl that mm of dfTrcnt pwiitic!
pirties ouiht not to uir, to lloj the
prorefi of a d!tiuJie firt or 1 uinda
lion, Cf to fepuife an ii.vaJirii enemy I
Audit tiuUu no pr.'litil. pu.vtii w j
culi'fd-. to preferve tle conilitmion
and the rights of the people. I believe
e ought to have iio pol ileal iJw's,
and that every man oght to be ai Ii.
berty tocxprrls his fentiments in a decent
maincr rerpeling the meafurrs of go
vefimcot. brlieve that fome of the
lare dates rMiiTefs too great a degree of
li.ll icnce at ihe prelent momeni, and that
the f ma t dates ought to guard their rights
with jealous tigiUr.ce. I believe that
the docl ines preached by certain republi
cans of iidindion, that mtn mould ad
here to tHeir party in defiance of their God,
and that no regard fiwulJ be pail to ihe
private chancier of candidates for offices,
are equally Imnu ral and anti-republican.
and ricdrucTive of religious, at well at of
correft political nrii-tiilet 1 ar.d foontr
lhn embrace fuch deieilibltdricmai, I will
abandon focicty, and wander In ihe dark
clt svild of fulltude. I believe that the
prrlervailon of republican principles In
thcL'aitfd Stales is infeparably connecUJ
wiih thecrcnions an ) la'enis of good ar.d
wit: men, anJ out with the meanneft of
:H;c hunters, and the msdr.cfs tf emhufi.
alti. I bc'.icte that xli Asitihaa peo
pie are poflelTed of fofficient wifdom an '
virtue to fupport a republican government
and 1 with tor the freedom and bappirefs
of mankind univerfally.
It appears to me that this caot be) .
called the Creed of an arifiocratic or a de-
rhagogut it is that of an inflexible con
llitutionakrepublican. Such as it is it
will guide and govern my conduct in every
future moment of ray life. I lhall fttivc
to be honed, rot enthufiaflir, independ.
cnt, not clamorous. But I (hall always
be in fome degree emulous of a particular
trait in the character of Agricola, as de
fciibcu by Tacitus, M Scorning . tb dif.
guifc his fentimentlj he'alwaS afled wiih
a genetous warmth, at the haiatd of ma
I (hall conclude wi:h a quotation from
a fpeech to the electors of Bnftol, in tng
la:l, by Eilmtir.d f'uike, , v hole talents
will always be the fuhjed v ailiiiira:ionj
kshis political apoltacy will be of rrgtew
44 And I now, . gentlemen) on thisltli
ous day when i come as it were to rpake
tip my account. with you 1 Tc't me take'to .
myfelf fome degree ot honed pride On the
nature of the cluiges brought 3jfainlt me.
I do not here Hand accufed of Venality of
negled of duty. It is not fald that, in ihe
period of my ftrvice, 1 have, ina'fit gla
inltarictf, facriticcd ihe flighted of your
intereds to my ambition or my foiiunc
It is n t alledged) that, to gratify any an
ger or revenge of my ovwnt or of my par
tj, l have had a lhare or wronging or op
preding any one man ot any ikUiiptior) f
No ; the charges againd me are c'l of rnJ
kind, that 1 have pufhed the general pi in
ciples of generaf judue and benevolence"
too far; fanr than a ca'uiiou.s jolity
Would warrant, and farther than the pi
fiiti:$' cf many would go with me. In e
very accident which may happen thiougtt
lite, in pain, in forrovv, in deprclTion and
diltrefs, I will think of this accufatiort
and be comforted.
JiLW-YOKtL, Julyfl. '
loVro.v, May Jji
No farther intelligence has been received
frooi any of our fleclij ofctuie, the jc-ncr
t cunvti Ution lu iioii.ii. g but cotij-ciurtS
to I'c.st upon. Lord Nelson, it is tuppotvd
is by tbi 'ime cruising ofT(.'adii, watching
the mi'iions of the combined fleets, and wait
ini lor rrmloixciiieiiU; but it Is the opinion
of iiijiiV, ilul till ne have hcurd of the return
of the enemy into Cadiz, has been founded
on tome miatakc, and that they arc st'.ll pur
biting their original destination, whatever
thai may be. On that point, opinions
continue much divided. Tha Last-Indies, '
the West-Indies, the Cratils, and Ireland,
are still intmted on ith un oIsuuhcv, v.li fi ,
only goes to prove that vie are in ctmi-Ute
ignorance of the plans of the enemy.
On tins subject more may be fathered
from comparing the operations of the enemy
In the diflerenl ports that belong to thtfii with
each other, than from a ronsuUratun of the
comparative strength of our own vulnerable
point. The combined (lects sailed from Caa
dit onthe lllh of April, and we' now Knw
that the enemy's force at ferret a at tli
same period attempting in get out. six. tn
the 10th, when prevented by the presence
of Sir Robert Cat Jen It Is, therefore , but
reutofbte to infer an intended co-operation t
that he previous junction cf tie rretich und
bpjm in tiuys was part of the nun j and tbi-t
the biUiK'tng oblof the Dutch fleet wal aha
a part of the object in View I 11 a, this would
nut b attempted by the enemy endeavouring"
to lutce his Miy uptbeCuimnclloruk in.
eni;iirrticni it no part of hit present policy,
but to jiittc hi force, and then attempt bit
mln cnterprhe; wbaietcr tlut may be
l'uttfthe Dutch force ii to be united iih
fhe others, how is this to be tltctttd f 'Only
by attempting a pam ge round by the North
Should il turn out that the combined flieta
have not returned toCadix, we nouHnnt It ,
surprised to hear of their hsvinr;bcine y
to the Vttwaii, then p-ined a North
latitude, and come round Scotland into il
North'Sca. Should they succeed in tbi
they would carry the Dutch Cret with them,
and might then come don the Chauntl,hrin(
out the Hoiilognt fleet, and proceed thcrsl .
We shall not d veil on this, but we te-necive
Ha duty to point out v. hat may poitibty be
attempted, that mesnnts may be taken for
Counteracting the plans of the enemy.
The Amsterdam Cstttti, nailer the fcesJ
of Tilh states, thst Lucirn Auonsparte wilt
be appointed Viceroy of Utyt i he reU
tlrnce of the Kinjf of litly uilf.lt Is id, t e
fiNtd at Home, and the l'apt its be rtftiovcd
from Home to Avignon.
According to some (founts, the (lore rn
went of Algiers 1 i l,e Hnt r.f dftbtir.4
I var v.iiil Hpatn 1 ht r.tMH form. I -
I already been ssat iato (wr.finsraHii
The Wilmington Gazette (Wilmington, N.C.)
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July 30, 1805, edition 1
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