PUBLISHED (weekly) BTALLMAND HALL- TUESDAY, OCTOBER 22,. .1805.
r CENERAL EATON,
A lewer from Gch. Eaton, written at the
time he was mbcAit to enteV the Lybiari.'
Defert, in his operation? aair.lt sTri
poll, to one of his crrefpondents in
Egypt Province of Behf.ra,
Vtllit ef DbnanhourJ anting 2y, 185.
4 A FTE X. touch i ng at "M ul t a, th; Ar
gus arrived at Alexandria (Lyptj on the
a6:h 'of November ,;i&o... ;. We received
from tb$ Bmilh Rsli lent jt Cairo, and
Conful at ' Alexandria, every afli'tanec
our a stairs and their
which 'the nature 'ot
dutv couUI reqalre. an 1 admit.
andriaif w.asi.iiiinu'jd to me, that Hamet
Bilhir (the exited Prince of Tripoli; was
not to he hi I without, application to-Elfi
Bey, to whomhe had attached himfelf ;
both of whom were in Upper Kgypr, at
w3 with the Mameluke Beys againtV'thc
Oitomah'governaient ; and to whom ac
cefs was barred by the Turkifh army.
Under thefe difcouragins; -appearances, &
contrary to thek advice of every body on
the fea-coaft, o-.i the 301I1 November, I
left Alexandria for Grand Cairo,- with
three officers, Lieut. O'Bannan, Mellrs.
Mann. anr? Danic'fbn, and a few men
from the brig ; who, with fome others',
recruiied on the foot, and at Rofcita,
made an cfcort of 18. This precaution
was nerrffary, on account of the Banks
of the Nile being ihfelted by the wi:d
: Arabs ot the Uetert, and by itraglmg Ar,
naut deferters from the Grand Seignior's
armv -the former fubfill by plunder the
latier rob and murder indifcriminateiy
every dcfencelcfs being, whofe appearance
denotes property. . uoin move in ooaief,
and have rendered themfclvcs terrible
thronf htuit Egypt.
On the o n .UecemDcr, ibo4, we
arrived without accident at Grand Cairo.
Mere I found the Prime Mioilter, and
one of the confidential Governors of Ha-
mct Iuu, w no contained the n.tima
tion I received at Alexandria, that the
fiafhaw was actually with the Mameluke
I3cvs. and contidered as. an emmy to tne
government of drs cotintry. i hail alrca
dy rj'ifpatchcd to lum ftvrct couriers from
Alexandria and ko'.etra; and row fen I
f lFa third and tomnh from the capita'.
Bit 1 had not yet had audience of the
Viceroy, ami not knowit-g his acccfliblc
point, the difficuliy I apprchci.deJ'of get
ting the Bafliaw out cf the country, tx
'cccdcdthat of accefs to him ; for 1 found
it impofiib'e to do it piivattly ; and 10
attempt it might not only defeat our main
objeel, but endanger o:ir own pctfonal
fafety t Wlr rdorc, at my full iniervicw
finding the Viceroy a mt;i cf iruch mote
franknefi' and liberality ihsn commonly
Jjll 10 the charter cf a 'f iik, 1 unrc
fervedly opcnrJ to him the objeel rf my
tifn to this country : and received the
pfi iFir .( fricrdly nffivt. Th'i cleared
lit.'c n".y pr rpcCly ntit c It titaivil
cir.barravfrrients lor the interference, or
even theamnc ty of 'he Vitro in behalf
if Harriet BafltJWj'rr.iht eacite the fca-'
Juify of the' Mameluke D;y, and have
the ciT 1 to bar his dej arturc. But a
rer d f!i.-nl,y tcf.t mc, wnich I little
txpeflew',' and tefji fromtlK qnjr'er it
cime, TT'e Krrrch Uonfuf at Alcxan-
rlria, M. Diuviue a Pirdmortcfe, had
itifinu4trd tint e were BtUijh jfitt in
. Amtrhan tnnjlt ; and tint cur pretext cf
.fnendlhip Ur I hurt Balbiw aimcil at
ryrjiirig Uttt an tn'frcngtfe i;h the Ma',
mclupe, V lio are fif,v;fed cf Icing in
.flritifh f. bfiJy ; of io .ife an itifmuatton
as frjtirWwi a it . migitari. I am
yet toiaily i . !.'f to acioutit fjr this
llranc con) iS vl M. Driittr, at I am
cpjlly f at the i(v'giiij ofTcrtdour fla
tcir-n iifufcd by tan of th Krcnch
tjironghi'iit t!ii mutiny, tlofe marks cf
rii ity never rtfufrd to a foreign fljk in
irdimry cafes, and which we received!
from every ( titer ration teprefcrttd her ;
except that ir.fui me.1 nf o ir rbjrft, ind
furju ihtfnrt tit f tin luA ttitb lit'
tUtt el Ttiptlr, lie thought hy ilitfc.
ntiiisito c? f at th.t objicl. I itind
P-ans, h)wctr, (the means iVit move
tvety thing in this quafct rf she glotcj
10 remove this uimu iy ; n. fnu.iy ic.
ceicJ the Vi(eriy lelttt 'f amntn
tjaTrtt, cf fafc conliHt tu Ham.t Uail.aw
shich was tltff atcltl t hjm the ij'h,
, in quadruplicates ; sr. J b; ditT.r::tt xLn
I tow fttifr.tty saWI tha ifTne if
ll mtafiirct thi fsr purftte. Mran
time bnfied inyftlf ia fi Jii 3 cm .c Tti
p'tlitan emigrants i the co nttry tlnir
attatlimrt t'io ih rival lithns anj
ibatr fcelii';s leu irJi the AmtjK ini A
mong thelc, one appeared who was only:. j
runety (lays from lrtpoli, an Arnaut
.Turk, who had been tn the fervtce of
Influf Bifhaw the retintng Prince ot
. Tripoli j during the blockade of laflturn-
mer ; him 1 had under particular exami
nation. Supponng himfelf converfing
witFt En3li(l)'nen he was very, unreferved
in his confelTions andetpg decidedly
in the intereft of the enemy (hq was enthu-
fuftic in this caufe, thongtvwilling to dif-
.per.ftf with his honors) his it ory deicrves
the more credit. He laid i ri poll had loir
many, men in the different attacks ofthe
America'is lad funjincr. ; the town was
much danvged, ati(t ' the inhabitants "under
fiicb .a ftte of conftemation that nobody
llcpt in tlie city ; and that no btifinefs wa&
done there. lis confirmed the-account
of the fire (hip Infernal, being blown tap
by captain Summers, after being boarded
by two row yaHics. Stating this tadl the
fellow wept ! Ho obferved, that this was
an unfortunate war for 1 ho poor cruifert :
They Had been le i to believe that the A-
mcricans were iiU merchantmen ; and
that they mould have nothing to do but to
go out and bring tKemin ; but they found
them devils ; frJrn whom nothing was to
be gained in war ; an I here fore he had
quitted the fer vice of J ulfof Bafluw. The
Ba'fhaw was nev';rh! f d.rermincd not
to make peace with thefe infidels until he
.(hall have. humbled then), and made them
pay for, the rUmagts they had done to his
' navy and city, lie ack'now-le dyed that
Hamet Bafliawhad many friends in Tripoli
but fud, that Juifuf Bafhaw had tahrn
care tf him f It is ' afctrtained, that ..the
latter had employed and paii ailtflins to
poifon the for-ncr : Thrfe undoubtedly
reported thatihey had ex'ciicd their coin,
miflion, and hence we account for the re
port of Hamet Bafliav 'i h.
'On the 8 It inftanr, I receive 1 frbn
the'BafhiW ag ar.f.vcr td my letter from
Cairo, dated the 2&ih of the ir.':i h K 1 -
madajCo.rrcfpnaiJ'.ng with 3 I J ai.tury ,
X805, Hating that he. Ill Ji:ld ilat thy
part tor this prnvir.ee, '2f ' tr lo.Iia;
at the houfe of an Arab chief, v;'i.cic he
fhould wait'to ir.rot ine- ii.it as n-.y In
ters to him, dated af'er the Viceroy's am
nely, aM 4lviftd hir.i t; prepsre to the
Ku'i '.Hi lionfc o' Ili.fwtta, tinder' the gua
rantee of thr- Vitcn v's pa.Tnrt, and be
lieving he t-.-.",J:? piiih h.i marcli thi.her,
I left Cjr fr.r thai p'acc, the 13th inll.
and arnwi in il rcc days. Nj;hing ad
ditiol.al apeiii,; tlure, I proceeded to
Al;xan!ru, f: : 19 V,, and on the 2o.h rc.
this country with fecret views hofiile to
the Turks. Our fuuation here was fome-
what perplexing, and vaftly unpleafanti
I do not recolleif ever, having found my
felf on ground more critical To the na
tural fufpicion of a Turk, this General
added a fierce and lavage ten. per : of
courfe proud and arrogant ; I fooivfxind
my point of approach : I p-afTed- high
compliments on tne correcttieU ot his mi
litary" vigilance and conduct faid, it was
what I apprehended, and what I certainly
would "have done my felf in fimilar circum-
ftances -But knowing, from ch'arac-
tec, the magnanimity of.fiis font, I was
determined to have an interview with him
in foil confidence that we Would sid a
meafure fo purely humane, and (o inani
fetlly to the Turkifh intereft in Kypt,
iu cafe he would hot permit me to purfue
my objeel perfonally.. At the fame time
recurring to the example of the Viceroy
whofe leiter I had fhewn to him, and fi.
nified, that I had it inchargeto tender liiin
a douceur in teftimooy of our exalted o
pinioa of his, name and merit. II. wa.
moved-.faid my ' confidence flunld not
be difappointed ; and called into his tent a
chief of the Arab tribe 1 a wandering hoft
who hive from time to ttQje been driven
or emigrate ! fiom tl,e kingdom 'of Tri
poli, lince the ufurpatio i of Jtiffuf B.
Ihaw, to whom he ft.fc-r biifmef5,
and aftef, if he. could give a:-y 'account
of Haihet B idiaw. T iii fomit; chf ; in
an extacy exclaimed, hekhtiu everything!
I req leited hurt to decUte iu'niu W: fjr
I had no feeiertft my relation with t ut
Bafhaw.-- His fluey is anticijiatcil-iu-'ije-flatemint
1 have given of the Bai)u.vV
aflli l poliiion. He added that ' ioooo
Birhary "Arabs were ready to march .vittj
hiui froni ibis b if lzr to recover tl cir na-
armed Turks were fent into the libriT
firihe purpofe of accompanying' ui as a
lift guard in our walks ; and 'a centinel
was placed at our door, in the lower court
to prevent intrifons. Though thefe ar
rangements were Dafllj polite, TlriPiiIn
have been very willing to have difpenfed
with them ; yet, by appearing frank ani
eafy with the Turkifh general, iuY fufpi
cions ftcm to have fubfided. I received
all (hefe. marks of vigilance a& marks of
attention ; thanked him for his civitttiTS ;
& allured him I (hotild be careful to make
fiiitablc mention of them to lie Prt-fl-ctcnt,
my maUer. By this kind of adula
tion, yellerday, 1 fo much drew him from
his guard, that he opened his, heart, and
unequivocally confeiTed, that 41 I n the pre
lent convplfed flate of Ecypt, the Turk
ought to fufpet every body efpecjalty
the Englilh hut they had. peculiar rea
f.uis for fufpedipg us, as the French
Conful had declared us Britifii fpies !"
What (hies not that favage merit for thiir
wanton and bafe manner of expofing our
Jives to the infamy of a gibbet 1 I hope not
to meet him at Alexandria. - -
ALEXANDRIA, Feb. 16, 1805.
We arrived, ,wiih the Balhaw and
at the KtigUfh. cm between Aboukir
1 1 ' 1 " r i i I .
1. - 1 '
ccived the H-ihiw's arifwcr t-i my letter
the 28:b Novc.ibcr, of the fasue tcnorwith
tliat received from hu:i at Cairo. Itap,
pcarcJ that, not contlJi ' in the Vice
roy's difpofniu is concerning him, or per.
hap, not rece.vt g his letter before leav
ing the Mimeluk ; Bey canp, the Bar
fliaw had determine I ta exped an inter
view at the place l.c firfl named, near the
lake ruunir, u.i i!.c liJr c"1.- Drfrrt,
abour 19 3 ms cs f;o n the fea coafl. No
thini; can be mire inttcduluus than a
Tuik of a Ti.tk'a I'.'Uut ; and for a good
reafoti nothing can ,?c more iqtiivocal than
their plijhttd fai.h it is an article of bar
t:r and fair, I'liaugb trave ling i.i'the in
tcrior cf the CoAiiry hd become timifiia!-"
Ivhiairdotis on -account of ths jaloufy
cf the Ttirkiih ch'nf "f ibe reins civen
to licentiiHifucfs by t'r barbarity of civil '
war and ot tiieitroig gr.nri.ls the wild
Arabs hu!J, by reafon ot a'l icilraim be-ing-relaxed
on the part tf the Tciki,
and the Msme'iilcs, who arMou ffrirufli
PCCjpied with eaJi oiii.-r--1 d.'.ermincd
U attempt pafTic t Fiaumr, Ac.i id.
iiiRly.on tic 22 J inltant, I KitAUxan.
diia, with two uiiKrrs hum the Argus,
Lieut. Wake an I Mi, Man 1, and an tf.
curt Of twenty. three ir.cn, ind'fcrtntly
raountcl, ad cm the cvetunr ot the 2 id
, found myfe l aricdcJ at I Tutkifh lines)
Utwetri feventy and tighty' miles rn our
rout, by lie, Ktidmf of Dimanhour,
cnmmatidinz a detachment of almut cn
Onoman trotp, on Iromiai. No!
a'pimrfjt I could a Ivnice coufj at all mo.
dilf the fcvcriiy of I.U hijl ictdution not
to let me paf hia line' though, in every
tl.ini t'i'r, f cUcatcJ us nitu d.ninnion
ard grtat hufpiialitr . However nullify.
irt;i:i; cjnccui.m, ,1 canrot Hit appUui II
the currrrt ni!i aiy couJuci of a caicf; 1
r 11 vta in it led a Julpiciuut (iicum.
flsnce, that a holy of aimed, m,kiwn
f.r;ciM, fliouU fee found (hipinva
coutle lur los crirmy'i rcnJcr.ttt.j, with
uu Mhr jritext thai 10 fcarch f r
a iclugre L'tthawl Ih.t 1M1 fyfpiciooi
circumilauco was fltengthened and Ifftta
vateJ by the iitlinuitirr.t, grt.ne rtt from
ihi Krtn.lt Cotdul, tl at we caste Into
:c ; repeat :d
1. i .
. ; 11c na j
:.M.i w.i n-a.t to the
;v )u!J ; i me Ha-
T.t: Turk ac-
L- t iii.ij w t.i a com.
I i-.io.j c:v t.'.is ir. r.iij: t ic next xnorn-
" I coti'd yet perceive fume fymptoms
of f fiicioti and a.j.rjb aiin on the brow
ot m newlv aco tire ! mi ttirv friiwt
Whetcfote without fc?ming to have any
particular vi: other tin:) a fohciludc to
meet tbe msn J fouit, b it really with a
view ot rcinjvi;t$ his apsueheiifions, I
propafed to v to return to bis Ijead q'lir-'
I tt f ,9
icrs, mis village ; un-t o;r my etcort to
A'cxandria, a,:id to wail my felf with only
the gentleman o ryany and our fer
va:it, until our Arab chief ' flioulJ return
from Fiaume with the ILih tw." This
prf'jfil had its defircd e;L;.f. W left
him, aiv.l retired to a lunluvne murkte
prepared far the purpofe ; took tcfrriTi-.
ments he had ordered to b: in rcalisuf, ;
.. 1 .u . . . ? . ... . .
hi -.ic-iicn uijrntnj rciurnrn wui tj
additional cfcort from his camp to this
p'aca ; whe;e we f uni lodgings in Tor- !
I'll n t: m .
ana uye prepared lor us.
Hay and the lake of Mcnotis, a week ago'
Lit Wednef Jay : Here we had new dif
fivl'ies to encounter .: The French Con
ful, had been before-hand of mc, in gain
ing the Admiral of this port, ard.Govern
or of the city ; and they confcquently
came to a rtfolutiun not to permit the
Bafhaw to enter the city, nor to embark.
at this port. Argument was ufelefr, for
we were too late in our application of it :
Bet we left no other inconvenience than
delay; for the Bafh aw had before came
to a refolntion to mtrch by land to Dcrno
and Bengaft and he now moved rousd the
lake to form his camp at Arabxs txvtr, a
bout 30 miles weft of the old'bort of Al
exandria. In the mean time I flatcd to
tha Viceroy the contempt his letter of am.
nefty faffered fron hit. fubaherns in this
place ; in confequence of .which he addref
fe la firmart, by a cHaux, to the governor,
ctHnrnandiu mmodiate compbance whh
the intention of bis letter of atunelty ; and
impobng a fane 011 him ot twenty-hve
thoufand pialtres. This gives us a final
triumph in F.gypt ; though, t conf:f, I
could have wiihed the Viceioy'i refent
ment had not fallen1 fo hcavi'y upon his
I did not think it proper toadvifethe
Bafhaw to enter the city, left vengeance
fhould retaliate on .him the chaflifement
he has brought upon the TurkiJh brcther
of this place. We fhall, therefore, take
up our line f march through the Defert
of Lybia, towards Dcrne, next Wcdncf-day.
44 Our party confifls of 500 men, 100
of whom are Chriftians, recruited on the
foot, and employed in our fervice. We
fhall make a (land at Bomba, and wait the
return of capt. Hull, with fuppliciand
; reinforcements, to ftize tie provinces of
Dcrne and Beniiifia ; for which ptirpofj'
he fails for the rendezvous the day after
to m o r r o w 4- . , . . ' . . - -
44 Here is a Vetch in nor from Tripoli,
fent up by the enemy to . prevent Hainet
Bafhaw being pernilticd to leave Egypt;
but not bavii g wi'h him the only aru
inant vhich cairuf all caufes hie, ihe
prnir devil mull go lak, in feafor., orAf
to give JnfTuf Bilhaw Infoiraation of
the fate which awaits hint. -
j':r meafure are furrortedm
Jlj hi ' kingdom tr Jie. flow glorious
would betke exhibition to fee our fellow -citiiens,'
in captivity In Tripoli, march
in triumph from a dungeon to ibeir tyrant!
palace, and d.fplay there the flag of the
uoucd itatei i"
Thus far I have flutchcd an ibffn'1
from myjjurnal. D oi cxpeclfome.'
thir of Fypt ? Itsatitiq iitics ? Itscu.
riofitics? Its. wonders? Yon mill !b
dt f arqot n:r d. I "am 1 0 i rn u . Ti occup i5i
vviilr modern affairs toranfa:k catacombs
or climb pyramids-for the fame reafon
I have not time to gratify cuiiofny4' and
as to wonders, can only t.otitc whit I
cannot help being imptcfled with, the
wondcrfuhyrsniiy,an I wonderful wretch,
edntfs which lo.llrongly mark the features
of the country once the wonder cf the
world fur fJencc, wifJom, wholefome
po'iie, . and national happinefs. Here
is ma-ter for a vo'unif ; 1 can only de
vote fix lines to the fubitct. Not a man
reajs 1 ere j yet none but thinks MmMf
.1 wihsi) latent. 1 ne Nercniet,ct whom
I have jull fpoken, in a little cxcutfion
to geil.cr ($ntrihtiintt has cut off be-
tween o and 3o nealanli heads, fuf rui
other crime than novcrty : and iufl with.
qui in? eauern gate, of this village, agal- - A ON gemlcman wanted ata tmrnlte.
Ami 11 ...ti. - ... 1 . 1 1 II! L k. .....I i j . . .
ciswiii iu nang a cuiiuoi II "jt iwcuicmc, ana a boy about 12 or
i anu not auc-ve 13 to attend the ahop. I or
Iart;culara apply Ly letter, post paid.
Wilmington, Sepu 54, A. SCOTT.
twelve years, the only fen, of a chief of
the village Kahamania, becauU Ins ftb.r
cinno riy the contribuiioni levied on
him I GOD ! lit onk thti tll my chltittn
January if. 180c.
' btact I began ibis Utter, circum
flincea have accumtilatd to teuAet All
fimatlon morcaukwirtj, ind,' I may will
lay, t d cu'otit. The r cxt day after our
entering the houfe whew we smarter, a
r-errr W r itcnca upon tne icrrice rf
a.i'adjoiplng houfe, ad aToikifh KlJud
trttMifetr.l h ,l.ii.li..i...l. ,
-- 1. ... .... iviii.k vi Jftjr 61 f J
RmJoT tit TtishCoMiti, WtimitHon Suff
' r ((Norxita Tr, llos.
I it, t J, Sd, 4tb arfd ith days, N.IIanover at.d
Broniwick. ' ' ' -Cth
and 7th days Bladetf,' Duplin, Onslow,
ind without the District.
Ithandtth dayi Criminal and Argutrcnt
10th, I Ith, I2tb and i:th dais, Cause-ia
EHity. ' '
JAMES W.WALKFJl, Cl-k
ys dmlrton, SiptemVer I?, li'J - "