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Ji il 11 1
m I m i 'i n i i fin i.inMt... i ii iH "'' 't U ii in ! i i mill .'I1'..1'".." ' " -J ' V ,'i
Froiti'thrJBJsto'n Chronicle, l
It Is a treaty -
" More ignored in the breach than the obser
' vance."." " ' -
" Know -thyself," is an important max?
irn, nat only as it relates to individuals but to
nations. ( The want of this -knowledge has
been the principal cause of all the troubles
and difncultiet We' experienced during the
former administration. The measures &
adopted have made impressions wind" can
not cAily be effaced ; ard lessened
racier in the eyes of the Comrheru
of Europe What' must. tfm
thought of us, when they 'frun;
ly ih-.li'ieJ to submit to live m".
tained in the treaty,
in virgiim; -its adopt1-
To os' i Aa'c r
MS attend tat'
inittfd to ' !
' Our t. '.. '.'
''In c,r v.-!':'
N.-th'.- : ' : '
..! .- '
governed by fear, we unfortunatcl' n 're;
ed every neutral right to th. -r
management, of an expens'Vw" i ...
ary. : . ' . '
So. far from cwisi. '.. i i ') '. . . "i a
potent either in h r ' '
rhanufactiirirv . ' : ti-C i
as thev i
rine ;i v
- . ; '.,cr com-
r. vo.u-ure pi'inci--
....M'fjKf'n in Asicri
i; v-oi manufactures
Civ; t'. Staves,, together
v'. onv staple articles to the
. -., . ' . (ids.
iv --!':.' : , ' 46 "tTo.
7 ' : ' 'J'j'fcj'S
C. --Dct.irtaH:, ! C00u do.
.. ,t '.in, advanu'r'-i p.o-i4
i. .td with respect k) Ha
a their favor of hix,miiiii us,
j u' the rights of neutrality, ani
. :. : ' j the rcost humiliating degruda
kj. ... Oar carrvinff tr:de we laid prostrate
nttl.t icctof llritain ; and, as to British fac
t '.s, we have rourttd them to our embraces.
Vc nave placed our own citizens at the foot
stool of clitns,- and suffered our young mm to
become dependent on their clemency. When
we talked of a non-intercourse with Enjand,
the federalists cxclamed that it - would lead
to war, but when a proposition was made to
annihilate our trade with France, these same
men acceded to the measure with the most
fervent complacency. That is, they were
anxior. to continue in connection with a na
tion, the balance of whose trade was six mil
Ihnt cgainst ut, and break off every inter
course with those whose balance was up
wards of -t:w millions in our favor. This
strange, unaccountable, prepowtt-rrus, dis
graceful temper and disposition, whicTj actu
ated the former administration was Iht
Demon that pcUiid the energies of the United
The federalists' now bluster about exerci
Stnj; thtir rescyTneui tnd talk about a pow
trful r avy,but sui h nonsense is uhout equal
to their former lolly. If we had taken the
tarns precaution that Russia iliJ in her trea
ty with Hritain, we should have stood as re
t pec tabic as llry do now with the bcllipeicnt
powcrn. Hoth 'tides now court them, where
us v.': have become the dupfi of each par
ty. France fetlN a recent merit because of our
firnver vindictive conduct towards her, and
England despises u for .our disgraceful
fusiU-.imi'y in crouching to their imposi
.. lUfss. Th Jt si'tucthing must be done to give
security and stability to our commerce, is al
lowed both by federalist s and republicans.
Th-! fuimerc&U for ship' of war, but thclut
ter propose a more formidable and sure wea
pon. N e should only exhaust our weHlth by.
the one without any jumped of success, tut
wo should i-'te motions by the other, with
the tertaintf of complete triumph. Our
commerce i wore powerful than a nay, and
a-nnn-interronrscwith Hrrjlsnd and her- is!--.at.ds
oul 1 he more enVctual to place us in
the i cannabic attitude of neutrals, than a
lcl of 50 sail of the lue.
As the subj'.ct of our commerce l.as been
fully i ohm Und in a former publication, to
Ictltr with a con.r.ar'iHn of J' trcn'.y.and
that of Husia, between England, 1 must
bc the indulgence of my fellow citir.cn to a
le-pennal of i:, tmder the well knowusigna
lure of" OU) SOl'TU."
The OMXirot l bl the Pri'Ish tiniin
!iai been to bn a subject of exulu'ini, and
- from rHilitital tnotitet to genrraliy admitted,
that an rttemi t la plate Arnprica in u at
t'.tu.Ic e.f oj position to her marine nnn 'ates,
it considered by sytns, at the height i airo
Kiticc tf mi of rnndnct. Hut iio c'ctury
l)bnn more our rated in it re. In-nnner-
Sal t". length, j rui.Ud other tiat'nnt would
txmite tlios? Mturl adviiitajrcs w.ich tl vy
fOic. The U. S',M?, .yexxr,"''i',,C,'f
power of llritain, and U'minij ti.cir onc
lierf.irt, l,AVcotim..Ud the crifctttl cy bate
eimmind.atnl substantiated the Wnrliit ob
l!ieil l y F.nland in our eomniercial tieRo
eu'iont. The fcatt, etti'c II y the fiitndt
ef ti e Hiititti irc) t Unt war wutdd 1 e tie
ccn e'iePce f itfuMni; it, were dciottorjr
to eur rttion-l chartctct, it t xlui'fJ a
Sutilanimitf on our fatt, whiih ttimu'trd
rita'm to ftirther csccteet. TbedeebiiaiM n
ff our apprchensioutof her tttentment, tnd
the dread we oitpliycd at btr proet, bd
iHe overnmeiit tt jmttue a t'tm cfdi prt
ditiAn, ttniwtd by any nicature if retal a
t n fromthe Amcriean adminitfa;ion. Cur
hV'iiCt n tb.t occasion was tl t of tiiiM.li
trt wcbt'Ctmc tupplicantt lcir elttiien.
tf wf ftprr.ty e'whrd lolhf iret'jf thuuh
frt:re'l e!ittMid ii r.,ineitet ftf.d thu
. , a. a v ..tun ner own uomiuioiift,
r v cii .v '.nincc of trade, in the various
! n vVf ner Commerce, as would (if a
: !. y.-t tunc stopped) stride a fatal blow to the
r evennj and mercantile transactions of that
cyuiry. The benefits, urisin from our
UmmerCe with England, are allowed by all
the authors who have written on the subject,
and the dread excited during the short period
of our embargo, 'proven the propriety of its j
estimation in th American scale. Our em
bargo threw the whole exchange, of London
This principle was "strongly m'Red in the
State Conventions on the cpiestiim of the i
tcnstiiuiii'ii ; it was ever considered the pau
Ijdium ul'our tutionaliinportaiice. .Mr." John
Adami.Tthc late president) wiiQn in England,
a..crted, in my hearing, that jibe coinsncrce
of Amviica was tlic,niosf pcTwerful weapon.
'to'atnick tiriuun : .atv.! f'Uther. declared, that
if the Umtvd States vuil u'r.te'to a navi,-a- "
tion act, that wl- cd ild j.-cc toi ministry to
our oWu tcriiis.-'i'l,' st. arc svptimcii's which
that gentleman .vu,uioiied when rt-.tdinK at
the court of St. .Kt n ;.s ; he rci;i c'.u.d :Ji..t
no commercial system was ad-.p'ed by th-.-American
Stafes, -and ofleji p 'ke wi.th-atle-gj'ee
of enthusiastic confidence on the power of
this country to control the in.oui.ee of 11. i
tain. England, instead ofbein omniotevt is. in
the power of Russia and America, wiiocu. 1
(in alliance) enforce their demands, upon the'
most txtcnm'e principles. These two coun-
tries are the hck which invigorate the
J strength of this vindictive Sampson", a i140- 1
rous determination to maintain their neutral ,j
J t ights, would operate too powerfully on the j
faiJs, the manufactures and the people at
! hrpe. to be treated with levity. It would .
1 - - - - - ii.... ...
press with a ponderancy wl.uh could not ea- i e have m tact not oi v snrvr.r.-d
fcilybe shaken -off, and the various interestt i tral commerce, but have ic do c!
of the British nation would experience such
a convulsion, as to alarm the ministry for the
political anJ commercial existence of the go
vernment. The treaty, lately concluded between Eng
land and Russia, suflhicn'.ly evinces the
apprehensions of Holland on the Northern
confederacy. Russia being the principal na
tion dreaded by Uritain, the terms conclu
ded on are highly favorable to the neutral
position of that country. It is founded on li
beral principle, an.l brings the business re
bpcctm.j the navigation' of t'neir respective
subjects to a precise explanation ; it deter,
minei without any equivocation, the specific
Q'tiilcs vf evnt'n!.iuj ; it dvclari: in the most
express manner what eh ir.ictcrizrs a lU-eij-JcJ
p i ; that their vessels shall not he stop,
ped but upon, just e uisc, and eviJent Jmi ;
that the r.i of.eaich shall hi confined sole
ly to ships c'j", and thall never extend to ,
privauere, or any other vctte-W, though ar
med for the purpose of war. Kvvry precau
tion is taken to prevent any ill consequences
by the meeting of their respective ships of
war ; they thall keep out of the reach of can
non shot, and the commander of the bellige
rent vessel shall tend boat on bnaid the
I coiivoyuig ship, ana the utmott order enr re
gularity arc provided in proceeding on the
examination. If there nnncart a ttatm,iblt
ralists,' hfthc United States ? In what parti-'
eular has England gained an advantage over
l;u-.sia I Their trade is adihitted upon the
most extensive principles, as it relates to
the property of iu own subjects, nothing is
ieftto'chancein a court of law, nor depends
on vague authorities, promulgated by inter
ested judges. The treaty stands on a perma
nent basis jand the subjects of both countries
know how far to pursue their - conimce by,;
an inviolable guarantee, is to" the article' of.
The Anglo-Federalists, while exulting at
the adrahtages gained ly Britain over Rus
sia, absurdly eulogize the blessings, of our
treaty with l:nrland. It Russia is imposed
.011 whatihustj.be our situation ? Iftheime-
gociation has increased 'the power of Lng
kncl over the sea, what mysl be the. extent
of our surrender ? Nearly, every point which
is explicitly laid down in one, is omitted in the
other our contraband articles' are extended;
the lenn blockade is undefined; our trade is
exposed not only to a ship of war, but prha
tecrs ; and to complete the whole, even if the
capture is unjust, the .poor American s obli
ged to pay costs of suit. In short to compare
the Russian treaty with the American, will
giv; us the strongest abhorrence of this in
We have not only surrendered those ncu--tral
fights guaranteed to Russia, but re have
exposed ourselves to innumerable difficulties,
Hjtached to other articles in this compact.
.We-have restrained ourselves from laying a
ny further duties on their manufactures,
without countervailing ones on their part ; we
have subjected ourselves to heavy demands
for old debts, contracted by private mer
chants; we have placed English factors and
temporary1 residents on a footing with our
own merchants. They have a right not on
ly to reside, Lutto' purchase stores, houses
and shops." To remain without limita
tion of time," to continue among us should
we tvirr be in r-pen .rupture with England"
and to complete the whole, provided their
conduct shonl'd render them u suspected of
b:iii- en' 1 ues to the country," have a right
: l.v treaty to remain " twelva tno.llhs" before
they c I e K iiuvud, and during this period
of the,' iiiti.iiv, me to tij-) every commer
cial priv,! s'i , mt hour own ci irns; wher
ai the Kussi.ni treaty t xplicttiy (Lclntcs that
" travelling nui!w.iMs:1:,'i l.rrs rhall nsit
be suffered, but i n!t uI ..s sin n-.Lrt."
; fom using those means, win u the lomnicv
t: cal resources of this country aooiidn:ly !ur
' iish in case of future emergencies. '1 he
; ttu'his. we have given up all and - I
lurg ; we have established a pretended U ;A
i plea, which operates just as the judges tee
fit to use b. The treaty is the dom's-d.ij
' loth, by which we arc judged, and its tei"
! rocs are denounced in almost every trausac-
j tiui since its adoption.
t he subject is so mort'ming, tint it it
wcunding to the feelings of an American to
contemplate it ; jrcl as it lias produced con
seqjcticcs to f;tal, it it our duty to lament o
ter them, even though the rtflectitiit are
poinardt to our bosoms, hit a curse en
tailed on us and our children, and posterity
wir. execrate it remembrance. This is the
Drmon, which has palsied the energies of the
NKV-Y(7k!w October 25. " .
C1 11 1 r c;. tl.-.l L
informt, that the Uuislant were making
e very preparation for war ; that 5 tail or the
1 nc were hauled out of the mole at Cronttadt,
and ready to tail at a moment' warning t that
there were in the harbour about 23 tail of
the. line, most of which were Retting ready
for tea: that one thipof the line and two
Ingatct were launched at retrrtburg the la!
a . 1. 1 . .
1 vjj men. a war suni rancc wsscoiuiocr
! ed inevitable. A number of Dritish tt.tr !
had been tVrn up for the ccnvc)ncr ef
troop to Luhcc.
. . r t 1 . .. r 1 i . . .l. .1 .. . ti .
jf(""ci 'i lor scarcn, me comminuer 01 ;ne "j icr pan ui juiy i mai iitrvc nussian inaict
convoy has s pritilerc-to noniinte tnd ap- j were ciuising in the Ilaltic : and, that at
point one or more oftirert to atsist in tearch- present the Russian army consisted of COO,
ut;, which shall be done in bit presence, con
jointly withene or more cfTif ert named by
the rnntrnrn-lcr of the tetsclof tlie bellige
rent party. If just tnd tufTicient reason p
pear fir detention, the commander of the
enroling ship thall have power to t'Jtr an
oTi-rr to remain on bard during itt lrgal in
Visti'atioii. which thall take place in tha
Hi"-"! ani tno.t t$r,ve irnt port, tnd Le pro-
ceid dio with til pustilUdispareh' If, vp-.
in ia uitr iawiii.,iiMi i annii eppear ii.ai
the saiJ tcsscl wat de'aii eJ witlnu iut and 1
tuCctcM eausr, the eomuunder shall be ic- I
J countatite not only to il.v ownert of the th.p '
tjuffjiga ..ret! foil uui tatisfaciory eoroprn
n'.ionf.'irtl! .virr,rAj'ri, djtrrfji ritt'tn
iff. c asicne I i f turh ddi nlir.n, l.i.t )l
he liattr n fur;l,mr.t ' s'l 0(tt tf oitrtt
t.rct ethtr jju,'tt which l e tnajr have iom
mitted. 1 l.cte are the principal outlinet of the Rus
sian and Htitish titaiy. The p.itt'u ar1 r
c itrd in their prop tty b the most toi t
itttail itt nil tl.cif picrrduret the frM',M
a-e tp-cifn-dj the 't h limits ; tiri.tn
fH fc-r icrurattly to n': :..! i i
wanton ditil.lioii, ll e c;
eovt. t'atnrts. atid pih'i t
WLere r.giril tf.tt.i' f.
LATE TROM TRAKCr.
Ve tnet.tionrd in jestetda)' f tt r
we bad received Ilordeaux p;; its to r
lith of Se(t!cn.lK-r On a pnisi. i f r
'paper we do not ohtfik" el ' i l r
, el nation of war by ffttii p. :. .
con'inent ?aintt 'uire . I ,t U ' sub-
lined extrictt wc uj o'. it .e mat t' event
is not !it!ip.
l.ltractt fo- ii 1. f
of Sept' Hi' rf. . :
Ne-Y' t. C'.aj'
V s , ' i
I, a:oti' I . 0 f
1st t ;! 'f '
in the ICth
j oflkeof lie
i . i c ecumi cr ,ocrni.
, f i ; . Actttia, it litre dai-
f.om Ma rlr'ol that the kip
public the recipe of Doctor
tf .fsinst the nb'ow.fstef t it con-
f uking fnm eubl to ten unctt cf
, joina wiil.in the f-ttt 4 hour after the
Huckt the tbtorder lose t ill lt msbcrUt.
i i . .I... . i - i... .r.....
i'0l, li O i r ir -nrn iuiuhh vi ihi
j. tet f d Lr tl. f '.l,otitif t.
t irtde I 'fbe irn4Jittc itiw.'t f tie Errttrcr
to St. CJoud is announced, but-it is not bea ..
lieved that he Will remain long there.
, Raris, Sept. 2 - His excellency the minis
ter of foreign affairs arrived at the imperial .
camp at Boulogne in the night between the
1 lth and 12th Fructidorand-on the morn-'"
ing of the 12th- transacted business with the
That part of the imperial guard station
ed at j'aris has departed for Strasburgli t
the companies of chasseurs will march, to-'
day. and the . grenadiets to morrow.
flis 'excellency marshal Massena is gone
to Italy, to take the command of the Freneli
army. - 7 '."
It is repor'ed that a body of French troops
has en'utl Naples. .
Sept 3 -Yesterday, at two o'clock, an
extraordiRary sitting- of the conservative
senate was held under the presidency of the- ..
arch-chancellor of the empire.
His majesty the emperor arrived at Mul
maison this morning. .
Sept. 4.---It is generally" believecl that the
Senate on Monday discussed the propriety
of re-storing the old calendar after the 1st. of
Paris, Sept. 5. The division under Gene,
rnl Oudinot, of 8000 grenadiers, composing
the advanced guard, passed by forced marches,'
on the 2d inst. through Cambria, and was'
follow ed by. four other divisions ol DOOO men
Ry an impenal decree of the 9th Messidor,
the island of Elba is re-united to the deprt
ment of Corsica.
The combined squadrons left Ferrol on
the ICth Thcrniidor, and entered Cadiz dtt
the 4th Fructidor. Admiral Collingwood,
with four thips and a frigate, entered the
roads the same morning.
On the Uth inst. (Sept... 1st) the first di
vision of the armed body commanded by
marshal Dauoust, arrived at Lille, and con
tinued on the clay following their march io
wordsthe Rhine. Three regiments of horse
chasseurs and two regiments of hussars have
also passed through that city on the same
Dojlocnk, Aug. 31. That part of the
French army on the sea coast, which has
departed for the Rhine, marched in columns,
in the same orders which is practised in the
camps; so that, when they arrive on the
theatre of war, they will be found all formed
and disposed for the operations of the cam
paign. A finer army was never teen, one
more impatient for battle, or more animated
w ith the presage of certain victory.
S rn asburch, Aug. 30. The new or-',
gmiz.s'i'sn of the Austrian troops hat been
so tsstu lv effected. All the regiments of
infantry wdl be composed of five ba'.talliont
snl-one of grenidiers. The last will have
( , arid each ct the other battallions SoO
Ao ord'm to the (ierrnnn papers the re
gociatii: s lu ivspen I rune e ua! Austria con
tinue witi.i .-tit hitet ru;iiion. "1 ''-time pa
pert spetk c .I'itoi-I v of th i;icat move
mentt malcjng by the Uu?i,tn troops in ci
divant Poland. Ttuy sta'cas intaiutlut t
army it forming there ; but ,0! i's num' .
fe object, orbr whom it it ijbc coiunsa! ',
they are uninformed.
Strasbourg, Sept. 1. They r
Ratistnin that the French charge des
on the 23th of Augutt, tran-ini'ted to t
minister and envoy rrsirnt in .'. n v
a note the tubs'ance of which K '! a i! j
r.tnperor.of the French f.as ,f wi.d it t - 1 s4
rv to direct his atten'im niht- 1 .. ;,.in'a
of the troops and he rc j'ut U ar
r.iic in Tyrol an 1 "ti t! r f ,. !'..f Italy; .
that be withet u prri 1' . .! je nce in
the pacific art.tiim t.'s ' ' . 'in, ",ut that l.e
cannot dispense with ' .'rea an explana
tion of tha iu.m . t.'s . i. ii arc in agita
tion 1 that ii 'this 1 ; ! i . t- thould be tli-tati'ii-M.
11 1 ;.,', ,iny thall pais the
R'.sne, i v. t' 1 ; -ct and statet of Cer
louir in s !.(k'.o .pun the friendship cf
lijo.rr. l.i-s been manircHed-ujxjrs
run . v... ,.nd of which to many proof
l,.t, Wt-rti t,pn, lc. .
V.'r .it asinitd that the noe by which
'' ' -r t .planaiion late been demanded La
n ,retented to the court of Vlennt, whose
i.' er we wait for with the utmost anxiety.
In the mean time we know generally that
the Austrian army formed at Wills, rear
I.intt. in Upprr Austria, hat rrot?4 (he
Inn, and taken military posi'trnt in )vari.
We know tlo that the rourt of Munich bat'
been 1 fTitially infc rined of this mcamre.
C.rwoa, Atif. 24 We lave receiied
rewtfiom Toulon f iff aniitl in 1l.1l ort
c f th tquadron under li t ordctt ol M. lunn i
Ilucmapane. Hit pr ntetal.tt bcin ictarded
ly tempvttucut weatlnr.
I'tcatucr. Aug. 17 An Auttiian courier
tnivfd heir be ni Naples bring imelligtiiee
that theC'Uft bad cpottcd the capital, l.d
bad rtlirrd lo 1'aUimo. At tie ?i attnte
cf the lame eoi rirr a loniidtratle f eet ly
before NUt, tut If wit ipr.e.rstt to wt at
liitbnitlttorvtd. lie ttimd b r urVi r
the oftref Crrerl Stint Cjr it cer.teriik
ted intlc two Abn'trct. r
Wt tre itit J that ll t iSn of tlf Ttt
eiliet, on being tolicitrd t tae a f-art
ia tic toCtrttu uLith txiat tela eta