. - V
if and trouble attendant on the prelofmtBce cf Ti
H them; norU it moreineccssary to say, thut j
TT3 such diSerenccw ill always be fauna to De
LKif ereatest when the. Sheriffs are on the toad 3
nd known to be charged w Ah 'the public ;
money. A liberal and uniform compensation
for tlie above mentioned, service) would not
much increase the public expenditure, while ft
would undou'rtcdiy be productive flwneficuil
effects.1 In -cresf , event however, it is; boped
and believed, . the iu'ulr7e will be admitted in
apology for, my' having taken the liberty of
Hm stating this naMertdtrW Legislature .T
; .! have the honor to be, '.;", -"V- "r'.;:-;
' ' " y. Qtatt Miiti" ' l :Jz
Very respectfully, your abedietlt Servant,'
il Mf JOHN HAYWOOD, Pub. Trtaturtr '
;ust, Kaietgnt mv. sf leus.
.TUESDAY, PtCEMBElV if; H05 ;
WASHINGTON C1TY,.Jrc. 4. 1805.
To the Senate and Ihiuenxif Represent otiics of:
': " the Untied States' of Jmcricj '
7 AT a moment when the nations of Europe
are irv commotion aud rnig against each
other, whett those witbwlfcjm we have prin
cipal Intercourse' are eng.rged in the general
contest, and When the countenance of wm
- of them toward our peaceable country threa
ttn ihut even that may not be unaffected by
'Vhat'is passing on the general theatre, a
j meeting of the Representatives of the Na-
tion irrboth Houneii.of Congress has become
- Wore than usually desirable. Coming from
every stet ion cf our country, they bring with -.
them the sentiments and the information of
tbe Whole, and will be enabled to . give ft di'
rection to t h e public affairs which the will
and tlie wisdom of the whole will approve and
support. ''.: .
In taking a view of the state "of our coun-
try, we in the first place notice the late afthc
tion of two of our cfties under the fatal fever
hich in Utter times has occasionally visited
"jur shores. Providepce in his goodness gave'
i: an early termination on (his occasion, and
Jesitned the nujwVr of victims which have
usuully fallen before it. In the course-of
the several visitations by this disease, it has
appeared that it in strictly local, incident to
. citit s and vn the tkle i aters only, incommu
nicable ii th country cither by persons under
the disease, or by fjoods carried from dises
ed places ; that its acctss is with the autumn,
and it disappears '.with the early frosts.
These restrictions within narrow limits of
time and space gftve security even to our
, maritime ciiies. during three-fourths of the
ytar, and to the country "always. Although
. from these fxcn it appears unnecessary, yet,
to satisfy the fears of forit nations, and cau
tionnon their pu t not to be complained of in
o d inner whose limits are yet unknown-to
them, I have strictly er.jomrd on the officers
at the head of the fcutom to certify with ex-
, art truth, lor every vessel Minns lor a loren
- prt, the state of health itrspecttn this fever
vhich prevails at the place fi-otn which she
ails.' L'ndrr every motive from character
ard ditty to certify the truth, 1 have no doubt
thy have littiifiiHy cxecuttd this injunction.
Much realinjury ha however been sustained
from propensity tf identify with this cade,
rule, and to c11uy the same mime, fevers of
cry different kinds which have been placed
am n those deemed contagious. At we ad
nee In our knowledge of this disease, as facts
devtlfpe the source from which individuals
receive if, tfce State authorities charged with
fheriraof the public health nd Congreis
irith tint X)f the general conmerce, will be
. corse able to regulate with efTcct their res
prctue fanctions ht these depart ments.
Theb'irthcn of Quarantines is Tclt at home
s w II as abroad j their efficacy merits ti
amuuliom AUhJtijh the health.laws of the
itutc's should be found to need no present
r?vml b.y conTss, yet commerc claims
that th:ir attention be evcrwsketo them.
Since on- U1 meeting the atpr.t of our
foreign relations hss considerably ch tnged.
Our coasts have heel infested, fend our hr
bmrs watthrtl Ly private arnied sends.
lini if thm wlllmut comnrnsiom, some
with i!h;al cammU.ions, others with those
of'cjvl t;rr, lut ComitHttii, piratical acts
htyol.'l the amhority of their eenmmiW.rw.
Thry "..are e'.i;nrel in the very e mraitce cf
our hrboii' a w.H as on ih liigh seas,
, riol only the vt"cls of our fritnds coming to
tr l- wih u. but our nunaM, Thty hate
canlr.l them off under pruertce of r-p ad
im'icstion ; but iiot darpir to a??roih a
f'il rf ju uirc, th7 have plu'ultrcd atrJ suak
t In-r If tl. way. in obscure pUccs,. whtrsp
pttdcnre could arise against them, mU
trcand thi crews, and abandoned them itt
btsin tl, upt ca, r fMidesert shores,
Vtihfm food cf coveting. These tnormiiic
ajKarinj to be unreached by any control
el their torcrtii;, I foud it necessary lo
equip force, to cruise ui , but ear mn sest
to arrest all utttlt nf these dtc ripmn
f mnd hoverintr on our csit, i l in the !
snitsnfthe g-ilf stream, and t ImIpj lit cf
fen leri h for tritl as pirate. . '
Tbf sime afstem ef hovenng n rmr rossi
f-l hsi.tir, wilder fdour I Steki ent
r.ii?shit bccnalsorirrkd n by put he ar
ti.e l ships, to the ;rcat annoyance and f-p
p ess;o of our comtfierre. New ptinclpUa
! bie Wen Inte rpdtcd into the Vw I
ti ns. f urtdH nr Ither h j:ctice nor Ue wvt
r afknNmj f nations. Acrdlrr
l?lh;r a Ullettt tskrato Hstlf a cm-r-n
t itH t' n tetn, which it rfcnifs lo
"enemy iti the n-ar. But reason rtrolu at such
an inconsistency, and the neutral having' e
qual riht with the belligerent to decide the
question, the, interests of our constituents,
aBdthe duty of mainuioiog the authority of
. rcason,.the only umpire between just nations,
impose on us the obligation of providing an
' effectual and determined opposition to a doc-,
trine o. ju jurious o- the rights of peaceable"
nations. Indeed the confidence we ought to
I have in the justice of others, still counten
ances the hope that a. sounder view of those
L Tight will 5fit If induce from every belliger- '
em a more corroci ousvpancc oi inem
With Spain uor negociations for, a settle
ment of diilerences have not had a satisfacto
ry ij&iie . Siliation during the fortucr war,
for : whkh-she badTformeily acknowledged
herself responsible, -have been refused to be':!
compensated bot on conditions auecling other
cUiius in no wise connected with them. Yet
the same practices "are renewed in thr pre
sent war, and are already of great amonnt.-
,On the'?MobiIlev ouc commerce passing
; through that river continues tpbe obstructed
by arbitrary duties and vexatious searches
.Propositions for adjusting amicably the
boundaries of Louisiana have not been acce
ded to. While, however, the .right is unscW
tied, we have avoided changing th state of
things, by taking new posts, or strengthen
ing ourselves in the disputed territories, in
tlie ho)e that the other power would not, by
a contrary conduct, oblige us to meet their
example, and endanger conSicls of authority,
the issue of which rcay not be easily control.
hd. Hut in this hope we- have now reason
to lessen our confidence. Inroad have been
recently made into the territories of Orleans,
and the Mississippi, our citizens have been
seized and their property plundered in the
very parts of the former which had been ac
tually delivered up Uy Spain, and this by the
regular officers nd noldiers of that govern
ment. I have therefore found it necessary
at length to give orders to our troops on that
rontierto be it) readiness to protect our citi
zens and to repel by arms any similar ag
gressions in future. Other details necessary
or your full information of the state of things
between this c6iinlry andtlut, shall be. the
subject of another communication. In re
viewing these injuries from some of the, bel
ligerent powers, the moderation, the firmness
and the wifedom of the legislature will all be
called into' action. We ought still to hope
that time and a more correct estimate of in
terest as well as of character will produce the
j-isticcr rre are bound to expect. Hut should
any nation deceive itself by false calculations, jl
and disappoint that expectation, we must join
in the Unprofitable contest, ' of trying whicV
party can do the other the most harm. Some
of these injuries may perhaps admit a peace-
oic i ciiicuj. ncrc it errpuieiH u IS
always the most desirable, liut'some ci
them'are of a nature to be met by force only,
and ell of them may lead to it. 1 cannot
therefore hut recommend such preparations
as circumstances call for. 1 he first object is
to place our sea port towns out of the danger
oi iivsuii. Pleasures nave neen already ta
ken for fjrnubin? thrm .with hat Cannon
far the service of sirclj Und batteries as may
make apart! liietr deler.ee against armed
vessels approaching them. In ak) of these it
is deiirible we should have a competent
number of gun-boats, and the number to be
competent must be considerable. If imme
diately begun, they may be - in readiness for
service at the opening of the next season.
Whether it will be necessary to augmci.r our
land forces, will be decided by occurrences
probably in the course of your session. Jn
the mean time you will consider wherhf r it
would not be expedient, for a state of pesee
as well as cf war.' an to organize or class the
militia, as would enable us on any sudden
emergency, to call forth the servicts of the
younger portions, unincumbered with the
old and those hav'nj; families. Upwards of
three hundred thousand able bodied men, be
Ueen the ages of eighteen,and twenty-six
years, which the last census she w we may
now count within urUmits, will fumiih a
competent number for offence or defence, in
any point hern they miy be wanted, and
will Rie time fr raising regular forces after
tleneressity f ih'cm shall become certain;
and the reducing to the early period of life
all its active service cannot but be denirible
fo our vender citizens, of the present at
wt'.l as future times, inasmuch as it tngsr;? s
, To them in more advanced age a rjiei and
endistathrd rrpese ,'m the bosnmef their fa
milies. 1 cannot linen but earnestly rtrom
cy ofo motlifrirti; our militia ryvttm as, by a
fef-afutio-jof the more active pat t fiom that
which is less so, we my draw from it, sUn
neresay, antfTelent rorpt, f,i 6,r real and
active smite, and taWe called to it in rttu-
Cnldfrsbfe provision has been rradc tn
def former authoritirs from Conrrst, of
n'erislsfoitlt construe lion of ships cf war
f74 punt. These materials arc on tund
uhjett to the further will tithe Ifuinuie.
An immediVt prohibition f the expotia.
tion r arms and ammunition is also submit
ted to your dtUrtnina?iA.
TunMP? Uim these unplenarit slews cf
'nlente and wrore;, 1 ccpratuUe joiion
the l UraiwB of rtir frllow-ritizcTia who
wrrr stranded en the coast of Tripoli and
mde ptitnneraof war. I a rm mmtrrt
bAu mrd oj the will of all. tit life and Idxr.
tfoftverf IndivWusl citiitn brcome Inter.
eMinttoeJl. In tht trtatr there fort wUtb I1
1 w J J . . r ' . v
nncnrKitoenonr wtrure wrtn test State
article fir rht ransom f ear titltmt h.i
btrn acrrfd ti. Am written It ct.
.tsgagefl for the occasion, in conjuncUon with
. the troop of the Ex-Aashaw f that country,
gallantly conducted by our late Consul Ea
ton, and their uecessfur enterprise on ihe
?citf f Deme, contributed doubtless to tke
, impression wlucbjuodiiced peace, and tbc
conclution of thisprevented opportunities of
which the officers and men of our squadron de
stined for Tripoli, would bsp e availed them
elves, to emulate the cl of valor exhibited -by
their brethren in the attack of the last year.
Reflecting with high satisfaction on the dis-,
tingiiished bravery displayed whenever occa
sions' permitted in the late Mediterranean
service,, I think it would be an useful eo
couragenentos wellas a just reward to make
, ian opening for some present promotion bj
'. enlarging Our peace -catatlishinent of . Cap
iains'and Lieutenants. it -t , .r't . : .
? With Tunis some misunderstandings have
arisen tio yet sufficiently explained,: but
vfriemlly dikussions with their ambassador
recently arrived, and a mutual disposition to
do whatever is just and reasonable cannot fail
"of dissipating these; So that we may consU
der our peace on that coast, gcaefally, to be ,
on as sound a fooling as it has been at any pre
ceding time. Still it will not be expedient
r to withdraw immediately the whole of our
force from that sea. ,
. The law providing for amWal peace esta
blishment fixes th- number of frigates rhich
. shall be kept in constant service in time of
peace ; and prescribes that they shall be
manned by not fnore than two thirds of their
complement 'of -seamen and ordinary -seamen.
Whether a frigate may be trusted
to'. two thirds Only of her proper comple- '
ment of men must depend on the nature
Of the service on which she is ordered... That
may sometimes for her safety, as well as to en
sure herobject, require her fullest complement
Inadvcrling to this subject, Congress wilhper-
haps consider whether the best limitation on
. . aft.
be by the number of seamen which may be
employed inthe -whole service, rather than by
the numberof vessels. Occasions oftener arise
for the employnleut of small, than of large
vessel audit would lessen risk asr well as
expense, to bo authorised to employ hem
of proference. The limitation suggested hr
thsnumber of seamen wouldadmit a aelectron
of vessels best adapted to the service. .
' Our Indian neighbours are advancing,
many of them w'th fpitit, and ofhcti be
.inning to engage in the purfuiis of tgn
culture and houfcht.ld ir.anufaaare.
They are becoming frnGblc that the earth
, yields fubfiftence wiih left labor than the
futeff, and find it their inutcft from time
.to time to difpofe of partt of thrir
furplus aud watte lands for thernSiris
of improving ihofc they occupy, and of
fub fitting their families while they are pre
taring their farms. Sncc your laft feC
ion, the northern tribes have fold to us
the lands between the Connecticut re
ferve and the former Indian boundary, and
ihtdc on the Ohio, trom the fame bounda
ry to the rapids, and for a confidersble
dep'h inland. The Chickafa'vvs and Che
toktcsliavc fold us the counttv between
and adjiccnt to the twn didrictt of Ten
tictTc, anJtf.e Crerki the refulne of their
lands in the ioik of Octnulgcc up to the
Ulcofauhatche. The thiee fyrcrt'er pur.
chafes are important, itiafsnuch as they"
cor.folidate disjoined parts of our fettled
country, and render their intercouife fe
cure ; and ti fecond patticnlaily fo as,
with tbe final) point in the fiver which we
ctptfl is by this time cei'cd by the Fian
ktlhjUs, it compieati "our pofTeffion of
the whole oi both banks of the Ohio.
from its fource to neat its mouth, anJ the
nav'aiioti of that river it thereby ren
clcrr J forever life to our citizens fettled
and fettling on its extcnfive waters. The
futuhafe from theCieclr too ha been for
ome time paMicnlatl intcrt&ing to the
ffate of Ceoricla. -
The fcveral treaties which have been
rr.cniii.r.cd w ill be fubiniucJ to both Hou.
fet of Contrtfi for the cieicifc of tLeir
Deputations now n their tray to tf.e
frai of government, fiom villous rations
of Indians, Inhabiting the M'fjouti and
oilier parts beyond the M'tTilTrppi, coma
tharjed wiihsllutanccs'of their (atitfac.
ton wiih the l ew relations in which they
ate placed with ui, of the'r difptfiiion to
culfivair our peace and frierdfhip, aid
their defirr lo enter iotocommetciai Inter
coutfe with ni. A Hate of iwr ptogrefs
in cxplciirr tbe tiinclp'c rivers rf that
country and of the information ft fpt fling
litem hitherto obtained, will be Corr muni,
catrd fn foonas wc (halt receive forre fur
ther rela'lons which we bate icafoo ihort
ly o cxpeO.
Tbe irctlpti at the trealury during the
1803, author! fed us to borrow 1,750,
dollars towards meeting theciafims v( our
citizens a (Turned by the cor.vcptiori with
France. We have rot however wale uo.
of this authority 1 becaufe the fum of four
millions and, mn half, h'ch remained ia
the tfeafury on the fame 301I1 day of Sep.
temberlall, with the receipts which we
mav calculate on for tbe enfuing vear.be.
f Tidea paying the annual fum of tight mil-a'
lions ot doners, appropruiea iqtjie tundtrj
debt, and meeting all the current demands
Which may be exptftcd, Vill, enable us to
pay he whole ' fugs of three millions fevfn
hundred and fifty ihoufand dollars affu
med by the French convention, and iltll
feave us a furplus of nearly a million of
dollar at our free difpofal. , Should yoa
concur in the provifrons hi arms and ar.
med yeffels recommended by the circum
fiances of the iimcs, this furplus will fur
ni(h the' means of doing fo.
On this firft aaccafion of adJrefling
Congrefs fincc, by the choice of my conllu
tfuente, I We entered on a fecond term of '
dminiftration, I embrace the oppbnuni.
ty to give this public afTurance that I wilf
exert my beft endeavours to adminifter
faithfully the Eiecutive Depattrnent, and
will zealoufly co-operate with you in any
: meafure which may tend to feenre the li
berty, properly, and perfonal fafetyofour
fellow-citizens, and to confolidate the re
publican form! and principles of our 0-
In the conrfe of your feffion you fhalf
receive all the aid which I can give foMhe
difpatch of the public bufincfs,and all ih
information neceffary for your deliberate
tionsof which the interefls of our own
country, and fhe confidence repofed in us
by other! will admit a cnmmunicatirtn'
- ' . TH:. JEFFERSON,
December 3d. 1805.
LegisLiturc of North-Carolina.
: IX SENATE, Dec. 5.
The Committee of Pririledges and Eire
tions, to whom was referred the petition of
JohnG. Scull, praying that the seat of Gen. .
D. Smith Senator for Brunswick, be vacated,
beg leave to Heport 1
That your Committee have doly considered
the prayer of the petitioner and examined
the vouchers m suppoi t of the allegations by
him made, are of opinion that they are'
unfounded and insufficient t therefore tinani
mously recommend that the prayer of the
petitioner ue rejected. r '
J. T. RioDEl Chairman
Concurred with. ... .
TOUT OF WILMINGTON.
SchV Mary, Clarey, Bostol
ring Columbia, Stoddard, do
Sch'r Hegulus, Cook, ' ' Philadelphia
Regulator, M.Ilhcnny,- Charleston
Barque Mary, Hatch, Liverpool
"Sch'r Jane, Hincs, St. Croix
Brig Kobcrt, Hammond, St. Thomas
Sch'r President, Weeks, Chirrleston
Betsey, Foster, Raibadoel
Brig Argus, Andrews, ' Autigua.
4 DU, Ct. DU. Cu
BACON per ICO lbs awcerlai
.tarsi, ca tit K.ound f iu sJing lUl U i,aJ. tof untryt-.tn, and theu IJ Cprgttfi, ihclf Q of Neuter o
tar erdirg on the 30th day' of September
aft; I ate rxceec'td the fum cf thirteen
millions tf dollaii, which, with not quite
f ' -.a t a. 9 - .
ic miiiujt.sin ine ticsiury at ue tegin
rirgf tie year, hate enatlcd et after
mrctlrg r-ilcr dVmar.di, to pay marly
two mil'loni of the debt contracted wider
ibe ttritifh treaty and convertion, ip.
ware's cf four mnionicf the poblic debt,
ard f r millii in of inert ft. TNfe pay
ncnn, wi h tlcfewtUh laitccn made
in three years and in half preceding, hut
(itirpuflied rf the lurried
Coffee per lb.
Corn per bushel,
Flour er barrel, f.itr .
Ditto per half barrel, new
Ltrmber er M. plenty
W. o. hhd staves,
R. o. do. do. do.
W. 9. bl. do. roughf
Shingles per 1000,
Molavses per gallon ,
'Rum, W. I. pr. g. 3j p
Jfamaica do. 4lh f
L ti do
Tar per barrel,
Troti en hard Iht shhoontr May from Boititif
end for taU Ij the tulicrt&trt,
a Barrels No. t, centime Uecf,
30 Hit 10 N. E. Rum,
to IVhsRuflia Duck and a quantity of
Col Fifh in Doles of one quintal each.
Dec. t7h. C. ft P. FELHAM.
Tail rtaittJ from if Kotlhvard.and for tJ lj
ct hit ttori on J, Broftt's, tihaf,
200 pieces towelling Diapers and
tow Lineni,maaufalurcdat Londonderry
in N. E. pteferabla to toy of forcigt
make for durability and cheanncfa.
ALSO OS H.tSD,
A few bids, and bane's St. Crtix Soprr,
and h!di. Moliflei.
He crTers for file a valuatie Water
Lot, at tVe North past of the Town,
I rown by the rame ct the Still 1 lot f Lo'
with Vharf k Tar fhedi thereon. If r
fold by the id of January, It willtltote
rented. ALSO 10 R SALE.
A Negro man ramcd PATKICK
metlf tU prppcrty of Mr. J. Dl''
well krown fct Mi Ulrg & icrj iflin
avee 17 - . ....