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BOTH HOUSES OF dONGRESS,
: C)t VOE JD AT THE 2d 0 DECIMBK,' U05. .:
f" : V:-'.. - : I. : V
To the Senate and House of Representatives of '
the United States of America, in 'Confess w:-
' sembled. . ' .' ''..'.''--
. 4T would have given me, fellow citixens,
great satisfaction to announce, irrthe moment 1
j' of- your meeting that the difficulties- in our
-- foreign relations, existing at the time ofyour
. last separation, ijad-been amicably andjus'Jy.
. terminated.. I lost no time .in taking those
; measures which were most likely to bring ,
them to such a termination, by special mis
, aions, charged with such powers and iostruc-
- t'wns as, in the event of failure, tould - leave ;
no imputation on either our moderation or .
v, forbearance. The delays which have since
taken place in our nogociations with the Uri
, , tish government, appear to have proceeded
from causes which do not lorbid the expecta
tion that, during the course of the session, I
f ' may be enabled to lay before you their final
I , issue. What will be that of the negociations
for settling our differences with Spain, no-'
thing which had taken place, at the date of
, the last dispatches, enableVui to pronounce.
, On the western side, of Ahe M'usiisippi she
advanced in considerable force, and took pest
9. tithe settlement of Bayou Pierre on the lied
v river... This village was originally settled by
',. France, was held by her as long as she 'held
Louisiana, anil was delivered to Spain only as
part of Louisiana. Being small, insulated,
and distant, it was not observed at the mo
rnent of redelivery to France and the United
States, that she continued a guard of a half
. tv dozen men, which hid been stationed there."
A proposition however having beeii lately
triad, by, our commander in chief, to assume
, the Sabine'rivcr a a temporary line of sepa
, ration, between the troops of the two nations,
Uiuil the issue of our negociations shall be
. known, this has been referred by the Spanish
, , commapdant, to his superior, and in the mean
time he was withdrawn im force to the west
ern side of the Sabine river. , The correspon-
dence on this subject now communicated,
' ' will exTtibit ' more particularly the present.
, tate of things in that quarter. , . , ' '
ybc nature of f0untry reqt.?lfes InG.
pens'ably that an-unusual proportion of the
f'rce employed there should be cavalry, or
jnoutited infantry. In order therefor that
' the commanding officer might be enabled to
ct with effect, 1 had authorised him to call
" on tie goveirors of Orleans and Mississippi,
: f r a corps of five hundred volunteer cavalry.
Th temporary arrangement he has prcpot d
may perhap- render this unnecessary, uut l
inform yon with great pleasure of the promp
titude with which the inhabitants of those ttr-
ritories have tendered their services in dc
hure or their country. It has done honor t
, themselves, entitled theirt to the confidence
ef their Mlow citiiens in every part' of the u
Hi n, and must strengthen the gerieral deter
Tn'niiion to protect them etTicacioualy under
til circumstances which may occur.
, ' Having received information that in ano-
ther pii t Unl'ed States a Rrrat nuinUr
'cfpnv'ate Individual 'were conihlning toge
ther, arming and.organising, themselves, con-
', Xn'f to law, !vear'ryta, a mil'tary expedi
' tinn against th ferriturles of Spain, I thought
' it nercstary, by proclaiiiation, as tll As by
" ? special orders, to take measures for prsven
" ting sn suppressing this emerpriic, for sci
xinz the vessels,' arms and other means pro-
' ' ilded fr It. and fr arresting. loi brioginfj
-r.tt .' ais . 'i
toj iuce itssumors k aoeuors. it was cue
to that gooJTaUli tfhlLh pught 4ver to be the
Ttile of action In public", as wtll is' in private
' trsnsiciIont 1t was due to good, order, and
vtgfllar gntemmeftt, that, Mc the public
r ; fjfte was acting strictly oft the defensive, and
" Tntrtlf to protect our citilehs from sgftes- '
ston, me nminsi sttempis oi priraie incivi
5 duTs to decide, f r their country, the ques
f' fwntf peace or war, by coramr wirf active,'.
ni urtiuthoriicd taoilitica, bouldVe prompt
"Whethtr will be nccitMarr (i etlargt
evfgulaf( force, si ill drjwtiff on ttie result
eprbfgoclitU.ns itU flpfin I nulTas it vn
"tfcMaln hU fesuirVdl be tnown, the'
ffloWiona! t ..aAjrts Vfi''J for rtui, abji
t roert sfly pressure htettnitg In that onr..
tr, wdl U a subject for f uf cirijr tontldcra-
Tbe twsseiidS tf both Ivnli o(iVe -'Mint.'
ip, ft Jutlg tVa smfe "pbint tlj'c cfi!ce of,
thif rfer Itswsters, end, the fodiitrjadia...
f tht. It bcomes highly ItecVtsaff tofri.ide,
foiThat point, a more adequate stcnrny
Sbme bolllofi Vitii fts irduTnrcomnTanding
the pissar,tCth rivet, shm.M be rendertd 1
.ufTHefltly si rood to cover Xh4 srtAed vessels I
UV? . 'imbed jMt dtience J '
and, in conjunction witXlhem, to prewnt sk'
InsuperaUe lMaclt ttf rty fwrtf, attemptbp
tft 114 Miibo WtK city of N
. .Omn tram to4ratcm ogarter !, ,will.i
f('ulrc to,N ximined,,snd tors elcctually
tuards4 1'or tLe Jaumal iupport c( the
country, the encouragement of t strong set
tlement on the western side of tbe Mississip- I
pV within reach 'of New'-Orleahs will be worr"
thy the consideration of the Legislature i ,
I he gun boats authortied by an acr ot the
last session,' are so advanced, that they will :
be ready for service in the ensuing spring
trjrcumstances permitted us to allow tne uraq
necessary for their more solid construction.
A s a much larger number wiU still be wan .
ting to place our sea port towns and waters m
that stale ot defence to which we are compe
tent, ;and they entitled, a similar appropria-'
tion for a further provision for them is rccom--niended
for the ensuing year. ' vv ''.;'
'"'A further"; appropriation will also be neces
sary for repairing fortiftfiatHfilrt6y sj
blished, and the erection of such other works'
as may have real effect in obstructing the ap
proach of an enemy to our seaport towns, or
their remaining before them. 1 . " J
In a Country whose constitution is derived
from the Will of the people,, directly express
ed by their free suffrages, where ihe . princi
pid executive functiouanes, and those of the ,
Legislature, are renewedby- them at.short.
periods, where, under . the character, of ju
rors, they exercise in person the greatest por
tion of their judiciary powers, where the laws
are consequently so formed and administered
as to bear wjth equal weight and favor on all,'
restraining nVman in -the pursuits of honest
industry, ,ond securing to every one the pro
perty which heacqnirti.' it would not bestir
posed that any safeguard could be needed a
gainst""lnsurreciion, or enterprise, on the pub
lic peace or authority. ' The laws, how rife r,
aware that these should not be trusted to mo
ral restraints only, have, wisely provided pun
ishment for these crimei when committed
But would it not be salutary to give also the
means of preventing their commission ?
Whero an enterprise is meditated by private
individuals, against a foreign nation, in ami
ty with the United States, powei s of preven
tion,' to a "certain extent, are given by the
laws : would they not be as reasonable, and
useful, where the enterprise preparing is a
gainst the United States f While adverting 1
to this branch of law it is proper to observe,
that in. enterprises meditated against foreign
nations, the ordinary process of binding to
the observance of the peace and gtfod beha
. viour, could it be extended to acts to be, done
out of the jurisdiction' of the United States,
would be effectual in some cases . where th
offender Is ante to keep out ol sight every
dication of his purpose which could draw onf
him the exercise of the powers now given by
law. , ,
The states on the coast of Barbafy seemj
generally disposed at present to respect out.
peace and friendship: with Tunis alone, some
uncertainty remains. '.Persuaded that it is
our intertst to maintain our peace with them
on equal terms, or not at all, I -propose to
send, in due time, a icinforcement into the
Mediterranean, unless previous information
shall shew it to be. Unnecessary.' .
We continue to receive proofs of the grow-
, ingaltachment of our Indian neighbours, and
of their disposition to puce all their interests
under the natronace of the United States.
' These depositions are inspired by their con
fidence in our justice, and in the sincere con
cern we feel fur'their welfare. And as I-ng
as we discharge these high and honorable '
functions with the integrity and good f-ith, '
which alone can entitle us to their confirm
ance, we rosy ex pcet to reap the just reward '
iivtheir peare and friendship.
' The expedition of Messrs. Lewis k Clarke, .
for exploring the river Missouri, and Hie best'
communication from that to the Pacific Oce
an, has had alt the success which could hive
,bcco-xpcctdTlicyJave traced the Mis
souri nearly to its source, descended the Co
lumbia to t he Pacific Ocean, ascertained with
accuracy the geography of that Interesting
comtnuucai'von across our continent,' icamt
the character'cf the country, of its commerce
ana inhabitants, md it )s but justice to lay
tha,l Messrs.' Wwit and Clarke,-and.' their
crave comparddnt, hsvc, by this arduous ler
Tlce, dterve! well of their country. " , '
'lite attempt to explore the Red river, un
der the dirtctioa of Mn Frctmamj ttiotigh
conducted with seal and prodtnee" meriting
entire approhaliotv baArtof been jtiJJy sue-cesafiil.-
.Kfier proceeding VP it about, six
hundred miles, ncsrly as far as tLe,Jich
'settlements hsd ettended, wtllc At country
:wai In their poAesaiott, our geographers vert
obliged to rsrurn : without completing their:
work. : . . . :. i a,... . i' j
-Vry vrful additions bava alsbern made
la our knowledge b MiaiS'pf Uh itU
rke, wljo has ascended it to its source, and
hottourftataa(i itf giving the details ai
' 'ii i I L I m
Jtis jourpey, will .shortly be ftsdf fur torn-.
'mutuc(tmiobotn bousclof Cqrtcrrss. Those.
r.f Messrs. Itis, Clarke ai.Vrftcrosn will
rruire4 furtUr time to hi dijjeald 'apd' pi a-;
pSrsd.1 TheVe tmrtaflf latttyslrt sdditks
it those5 btftnrptnttitldj rartish'nsteri!
' sVf tommHcmganax'euYsie'mspofifie' Mis-
alslppi and Itt stf rw nterti, S4m prirKi
pat ntrhitv rem sins Oil Iota erptored,
to viols which thw adtkoriiatioo of Congrats,
by moderate spprr;Vntona, will! requisite.
I con;rstulatt you, ft Dow citizens, on the
approach of the period at which you may in -terpose
your authority coastitutionally, to
withdraw, the citizeps of; the United States
from all further participation in those violati
ons of human rights, which have been so long
continued on .the . unoffending inhabitants of
Africa, 'and which the morality, the reputa
tion, and the best interests of our country,
have long been eager to proscribe. Although
no law you may pass ca'ki take prohibitory ef-
; feci till the first day of the year one thousand
eight hundred and eight, yet the intervening
period is not too long to prevent, by timely
i notice, expeditions wtucn cannot be . com
pleted before that day. . r " . -,
The. receiptsat the treasury, during the
year ending .on the. SOtli 'day of Spte,mber
last, have amounted tp hear-fifteen, millions
of dollars .which have enabled us, after meet
ing, the. current demands, to pay two millions
seven hundred- thousand dollars of the Ame
rican claims, in part of the price of Louisia
na, to pay, of the funded debt, upwards of
three millions ol principal,-and nearly four
of interest; and, in addition; to reimburse,
in the course of the present month, near two
millions of five and an half per cent, stock.
These payments and reimbursements of the
funded debt, with those whirh had seen made
in the four'years and an half preceding,' will,
at the close of the present year, have 'extin
guished upwards of twenty three millions of
principal. - )
( The duties composing the Mediterranean
fund, will cease, by law, at the end of the
present session. Considering however that '
they are levied chiefly on -luxuries, and that
we have an impost on salt, a necessary of life,
the free u?e of which othei wise is so import
ant, I recommend to your consideration the
suppression of the duties' on salt, and the
conlin' ation of the Mediterreanean fund, in
stead .hereof, for a short time, after which
that' also will become unnecessary for any
purpose now within contemplation.
' When boh of these branches of revenue
shall; in this way, be relinquished, there will
stilt, erelong, be an accumulation of monies
in the treasury, beyond the intalments of
public debt which we are permitted by con
tract to pay. - They cannot then, without a
modification, sssemed toby the public -creditors,
be applied to the extinguishment of this
Ldebt, and the. complete liberation of our re
venues, thev most desirable of all omeclst
Nor, if our peace continues, will they be
anting for any other existing purpose.
The question therefore now comes forward,
to whatoth'.-r objects shall these snqdusses
be appropriated, and the whole surplus of
impost, after the entire discharge of the pub
lic debt, and during those intervals when the
purposes of war shall not call .for thenit!
Shall we suppress the impost, and give that
advantage to foreign over domestic manu
factures I On a few articles more gene
ral and necessary use, the suppression, in,
due season, will doubtless be rielit, but the
great mass of the articles on which impost
is paid, are foreign luxuries purchased Ly
those only who are rich enough to afford
themselves the uc of them. Their patri
otism wou'.d certainly prefer its continuance,
i . . i . i
ana application to me great purposes oi the
public education, roads, rivers, canals, and
such other objrets of public improvement,
as it may bu thought proper to add to J.he
constitutional enumeration of federal pow
ers. By these operations, new channels of
communication will be opened between the
states; the lines of separation will disap
pear; their interests will be identified, and
their union cemented by knew and indisot.
bit ties -Education is. here placed among
the articles of public care, not that it would
ba prnpos4 to take its ordinary branches out
of the hands of private enterprise, which
managee so much better all the concerns to
which it is equal ; but a public institution csn
alone supply those .sciences, whith, though
rarely called for, are yet necessary to com
plete the circle, all the parts of which con
tribute to the improvement of the country,
and, some of them to its preservation. Tl
subject is now proposed for the consideration
of Congress, becsuse if approved, by the
time tbe atate legislatures shall have delibera
ted on this ex'ension of the federal trusts,
and the laws shall la passed, and other sr-
rangemcnts made for their execution, the ne
cessary funds will be a hand, and without
employment , l.suppose so amrndraent to
the constitution, by consent of the aisles,
oectssary.; btiause (he vbjects now recom
mended sie not among l how era,pura"ed in
t' eonstiitii .Rf arid to which It ftnuts tie
, public roonif a tohc aj rl'ed. ,
t The present consulti ation tf aaatSnaal
itsllishm'rctt lot, education psfiicaJaf y, is
rvndcred proper, by this cirtumataoce aUo,
II that, if Coogrfs approvirgihe propna'.iii'n,
if L.ni'l, il.s :, .i::it u'.
a tleniotf.l Jands, thry havf it rrntr m thrir
power it endoWi U wn those which will be
among the tajhcH to produce the rscessary
income,. This fjuaJaiicn would lave the
advantage- cf ,ociog indrpendent on war,
which my suiuid otlicr improvrmrnrs, by,
rvquuutg for iu ova puriwsca, e tcsourcts
destined them J..,
Tb s, ft Ujw citiicr.1, is the t'stt tf the
public interests, at the present moment, and t
according to the information now possessed.
But such , is Ahe 'situation oi the nations of
Europe, and Such too the predicament in
which we stand with some of them, that we
cannot rely with certainty on the present
aspect of our affairs," that may change from
moment .to. moment,-during the course of
your session, or after you shall have separa
ted. Our. duty is therefore to act upon things
as they are, and to make a reasonable pro
vision for whatever they maybe. Were ar
mies to be raised whenever a speck of war
is visible in our horixoh, wenevcr should -have
been without-them. Our resources
would have been exhausted on dangers which,
have never happened, instead of being re- ,
served for what ' is reaHy to takc place. A '
steady, pcrhnps a quickened pace, in pre
parations for the defence" of our seaport
towns and waters, an early settlement of the
most exposed and vulnerable pai-ls,6f our
country, a militia so organised that its cf-
lecuve pontons can, oe. called to any. point its
the union, or volunteers, instead of them.
to serve a-sufficient time, arc means which
may always he leady, yet never preying on
our resouices until actually called into uii!.
They ill maintain the public interests, whiU
a more permanent force shall be in course
of preparation. But much will depend on
the promptitude with -which these moans can
bs brought into activity. 'If -war be forced
upon us, in spite of our lone ond vain ap
peals to the justice of nations, rapid and
Timorous fs;nvtments, in its outset, will no
far towards securing us in its course and is
sue, and towards throwing its burllicm on
those who render necessary the resort from
reason to force.
The result of our nerocintions, or such
incidents in their course as may enable us to
imvr mcir proaaoie issue : sucn iurtner
movements also, on our western frontiers aa
may shew whether war is to be pressed there,
while ntgociation is proscribed elsewhere,
shall be communicated to you from time to
time, as they become known to ine; with
whatever other information I possess or may
receive, which may aid your deliberations on
the great national' interests committed to
Suspension of ncn-imporutlon :ct.
Extract tfa letter from a memhrcf Cngrt:t la
the eiiJor of the t'etcrjCu jf JnUiiiicncer, tj-
ttd December 3, 1806.
M I enclosed you yesterday the messsrt of
the President, of that date, and I have now
to inform you that we have received another
this day, whLh gives us information that our
negociations with Uiest-liritain, were pro
ceeding with spirit, and a favorable cone! i-
sion is anticipated; but the details to be set
tled being numerous, the ntgpc'atios may be
protracted for some time, lletnn hilt,' it is
recommended by the Preaidcnl, on the sug
gestion of our Ministers, to suspcud for
time the operation of the prohibitory act of
the last session, as likely to facilitate tI;c.pro-
grcssbf the negotiation, by aiTbrding ad evi
dence of our cani'or hud sincerity in bringing
to a . friendly ietite the disputes existing be
tween the two nations, as veil as for other
The following is the message above allude J
Tit the Senate and Vne if Reprnentatitet tf
the United States tf America
I hive the satisfaction to inform you that
the nrgociatioQ dcp tiding between the Unit
ed States snd ihsf government of (Irvat-liii-lain,
is proceeding in a spirit of friendship
and accommodation which premises a result
of mutual advantage Delays indctdlsvc
taken place, occasioned by the lonr illaesa,
and subsequent dcath of the Pritish Minister
charged with that duty. Cut the commissi- .
oners appointed by that gnmnment to re
sume the ncgocisibn, have shewrd every
disposition to hasten its progress t it is low
ever a woik of lime) as many errengtif cii'e
arc necessary to place our fuii.re I. armory .i
stable greands. lo Ihe mren time, we.fMt
ly tie communications of our plcnipoioti.
ties, list a temporary auprr.sion of ti e act
r,f the last session, prollUitir g certain in por
Ulions, wtMild, as a mark of candid disjitif n
on out part, and of tenfdr oce in ikr terrpr
and views with which they lave hrn me',
have a sarpy effect on ititMine. A step sa
fiieiMilf will srTotd further evidnr ihst all
ewr ptrediojs have flowed from views I
justice and eorxilUiioa, end that we fie
them. wi:iinly thst fotas wfa'may lest
' As)d to ilia that the tame motives wMrh
pttJoced the postponement of ihe act tilt tie
f tenth day t-f h'osrmVr lasf, ae in favour
e f its further mepeflsicnt srd is we hssert a-
sen to bope that h may soon yield to arrange
tbtate ei anuiea't cewtKM srd renvrnierwe,
jutic stems to rvqvirethai the eaaVe na
sura may be dealtovt lothe fcw cases whit k
anay (all within He ahorl rrwrif , as tt all
others preteJ r,g tad fo!lorg it. 1 ttrrrf.
then lore, Ut rtcttsoicod lha aup ews'.cn ef