North Carolina Newspapers

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' lu ' ' ' t "Ijrjpn f be a favorite be!hf with the rec-rle, an-
.:y wa, i-m.-ncd, a cha-e itf Lt J.-to t!e vcar 1700, then fos.
Tt,f-n pre, .fir from a.Ojtcred by the famoti of thatd.iv, lheide.-.
. ;:. I:l.cctt33.aalln ;iIiOPntRur3Jb y liiC n.tri.j cftpghux!.
t- tvl.cths .Present JIft QjJncy ecteredinto a comparative state
'r; C,'r Vn- read.,y. acquiesces in ..f the exports from and imports to 0.
t than 8D'
. U
', i'ii T'r.i'i:' ;
f ci c!tiun ; u
:.u ' Jt he-
i V,
: - I
.forrr.s, us that as we had not
c nvrr.tion. the wliok u:ect
i i- ibe rt-st:r.ed vhcfv Itliurc ' may -perrait.
It t.'.rrvfre -it remains uncertain -whether a
1 1 re favourable treaty will ever be obtained.
1- i,-,ir suppose either the treaty of 17C4, had
1et-: the late had been
ronJuctfd to ;.,uicahle issue,' and we had
i.!i ptT,f.tre)i and energy resisted the Ber
h i decree; which cdiutged the law. of natrons
r i .1 trampled upon a solemn treaty, is it pro
I i !e that onrcdunlrv. would at this time have
I ren reduced to the dilemma stated in, the,fe
HnlVwi frct-4 America at two di.Tefent periods,
viz. the Cine years preceding the year 175,
and the' i,n years succeeding it, w ith a iew
t thew that tle' average importa into Great
Britain, fropi a'l th world, during the uac
years' peace with tVis country, amounted to but
about onc-th;rteenkh rcore th.W the. averije
in:ports daring thetuni period oi xver i and
the exports ditnrnisp.ed, nearly in the same pro
porUon. From" his statements on thij head
anil 1t rfiMnnr'nnn1 nt ttf -f rstv aim.
ation of the' two countries,' I.Jr. Ci'iSscy drew
the mtefencc that this srposeu means . of co
r r ,m , i y?u"?.mm,ltee. OJ 'U0?,:,0S T- trciog the" European powers did not efcist
inous tmuartro, cr wr!n" war viin two now- t j i v i '
.rr,.l;.b c;. -:6 LTi He deemed it peculiarly unfortunate that a
I Ful nations. Sir. in mv oninion. we diouhl
T.ot have been engaged in war, with 'cither
the mode of resisting that decree was plain
, nd easy, by authorising your merchantmen to
'arm aadresijt any unlawful - attacks lupoo
, TOUT commerce"'. - This nlan would have rre.
ventell -var,i .protected our lawful trade with-
. nui ;uiuai rajsiiig our- goveraineni, or jcovn
pelling it to take part with citlier of .the, belli
rrom this Reviewnf thl)ifnrv rf nnr ihr
fetation since 1 B03, it apptarj to jne,that we
i sve cpnmiitrea verrours ot no small tmpor
- k -
and I ranee- or to adopt the plan", of , ra'arque
and reprisal, Lshall be asked if I mean to sub-
- init to their, unjust ; orders and ;'de'cneel V .1
answer. OOi I hope' the "Jdea of, submission
hasy never been entertained in this lIuse. K I
trust, sir, that the term ' submission" is not
- found in the vocabulary of an American etates
If toe embartr6 is raised on theAth f UTarrb
5 U. full force wjU by; taSat time be fel? by the
belli gerentsnd they irtay probably then be in-
niit lu.uw uajuoin-c,aaq ourirauo ue per-
,n area to resume its natural enannels.' v : : 'AiliU t- Wi: "VI C r.T,","v".'
pS5fr. of foreign eamen. XAremotalUtheembar:
mnfl.-lf nri in till nirnrf f nf npir'inn in
. - - .v. - -
long existed; 'as"' It had preVented the United
States from making preparation j which they
otherwise miht naye made, lis hoped the
iuea woma ,now cease, in relation "to eur
present situ'atione itt'eomnierided'a plain re-
natfiffe . - NVhat fiii slie first dictate for retne
dyiflg iany complaint J'The removal of r'I
obstructiens'on her pperaV'ons.' t Jlrj jfjuiney
therefore recommended : the(fnioyaf of the
embdrg4, tie repeal of the non-trnfortaticn
actand die abandonment of the ronlinte course
system'. ,f He . wished' peace, if possible ; if
!iJJ-'.Jj.i.i. .1. . I ti.. J ..,-. -. .'.
war, union in tnai warj - lor tlua reason- lie
wished negotiation fa be opened unshackled
with thosi Impediments Tto It which no w exist
ed. As Ion ir as thev reriiilnp!. rTn." iri
the. portion, of the cquntryi whence he rame,
'.'iUM.r -.-Jii "-.( .-.i:-...-!.-. A. . . -
nuuiu iiui uccm aa uosucccssiui attempt at
neirociatiori to be cause for. war f if ihtvWi-
rempyed; and ftaVaraeVit attempt 'at'hegocia
Ition was made unimtded.i!h thki r.t
' tions, and should obt meet vith success,) they
would join he artiry in- a war rThey would not
Britaitf,to :arch; Aniei'ican vessels for British
seamenj iorjt was a general cpiuion with thena
that if American earaen? were'ehcotirajied
If I
.. vk5 c f t'..c er.
i :-e.-! Trlti'i
!..tid ut lrctn y
'. t n.iiher -t! t r
i e
t' f ' .
1 T,J.e
. .. 1 , ..
T to t
cortamint; our
e r. lo c
waters. 1 ! !5 v-
tnarmeil s.wrs
vjtc;n which re'jiiirtd no evei t'iou of j iuiut-ii-a
to cany into i :acf, whivh could eicitc no
?auvouties between the North and f,uui
In relation to the r.dn-jatercfjrse. he believed
that it could not he enforced, and used a -sri-
ety ot arguments to her that it rould net
!f it could be enforced. hA believed it would
bA prodi.iously partiaL If the embargo lr?s
to. be taken off and war not to be substituted,
!f the nation was to submit, he whhed to da it
protUy. If the emtsry We it raised as to
a siude spot, it was raised entirely to all effec
tual purposes'. . . Then let your vessels go, (said
he) without JeYor hindrance let them go and
be burnt! tour mefr.Vinli will in ftl llint
the !embarra was a s'!ir?'l'TTnfl nvfr Ihm
m. . r . . ' was nejrativtcu ' .
auuucome lvick to jar protection, like the f:; Son fArlherrrV,fre,, was r-
nrmllTJI 'inn'. mnrt .unit. I,!-- Iro.n V, 1 '
prodiaTiI ;"son!i and unite like brethren in the
common cause.. Mr. WiUiams said his plan
W1 tO interdict th& rrifMnr nf nnrnnrtt tn
belligcreilt vesselsi armed cr unarmed, and
ay tax oi ot per cent on their manutaxtures.
Great Dritain must then cither go to; war. or
treat with us. If she .was inclined to rgo to
war in pruJcrence to revoking her orders ta
council; let her da -o.'.-Hut b " lnrlin-d
to believe that she would treat. ' '-If she seized
our vessels however, the effect would he jie.
vitahlc.s 'Division amongst ua would be done
r, a:
i tt
mff to' w ,. ' !t t" - I .1 ;.
mercial ititrn r . , t.
- 2r !) Ji ( r: : :; n
vet under ew.iiderstbn. t
tb.'.rth section tS the LiU and i
it a provision for l.n ir a C ci
r f CO per Crt. on u'. r-r, . r ! :
imported lrCr.i L. i,rit.
Jr. Icve called I - ?
tion, so as . to t
section. 7 - -The
(I tit the!4t!i -ccti" i
I, Williams's n mc
Tlvro 3 to 47. Mr
vas negatived.
it f..
a .
it t
T t' V.-.X.: :
in ilcr t i i t ; v.).
v. s. mc
when the commitue r-sc a-. 1 1
to sit again." ' ,
-The House -was Vn r rcd i
day' in committee of the whole en
Ltercourse bill.' - A mouon to am
so as to keep pn the -em'jargo a!:i
negatived,- Ayes, ,3,?. -A 'motion
bill so as whuly to repeal the - em
netratived S7' to 53 ' Tlie cotnn
through the bill, which' was Tfp
House , at neaf 5 o'clockWhtn
aivay--aU,would tinir heart and hand in warth'djourBd without considering t!
Mr. V. replied to A toumbe'r!,' of- the bbsorva I th fhrnmiff. . ..
. .. I hone ! we shall net close the door of miwr
tion at this moment, but leave "the '.knecd
injr President fttlibertV to Use such 'mtani an
iht wisdom and pa,triotism rpay snggest Jo pew
cure the rights and honour his.ountry.
7The cbjectjs at leat iohh tlitixperiinenu
I-'rom eWryVieyAthefefofeVlhict-Xtan' take
of the Subject,' niy mind kfullyiconyincccl that
we ought not at this time to adop the 'scebnd
'branch of the resolution
i jrv t
On motion of M. Nicholas: th Tt
solved itself into a committee of the whole,
lc Basset in the chair, oh, the Mil (hr-inter
il dictihg Commercial '.Intervours between the
': United. States an4'(?rea&Pniaitianci.lrranced
arid ;-jfor othtr' puYpsesV,
"v- iu ine nret
d-o without adontinf? khv nther thMm- 1t?l
the event -of negociation had bien tried', )Mrt.
Oulnr laid Wftnld. Hrt nniiK .iti.iiti.t'.ti.
with the belli trerentsl which mip-ht-iinrl
barrass netrociauon j and MtthnrHti. vnnU
an ' opportunity td the' tountry'tciaiiceVtainythat
ivv Huia4upcruioiToi west orjer
vvv.vv. . uui mumitiw j ana 'give an
opportunity to the next Congress to' ihap'elts
measures according to their actual effect." If
commerce uici not suttcr, the- knowled of
this fact Would supercede the'
other measure, and peace : would follow' of
course j it .on the contrary;; a general' sweep
was ' made'of all the VroDertv aflni't U
nnite alt ipatties m a wa.V, Mr; Quinty ton-
s?fBd5 the stafe oJihe-cinntrv :Wi
the spirit which rides the whirlwind and di-
tions of Mu :Qunr.eyi-particularly inrela
tijdn. I? his position, tliat all ebstructloua ought
to he 'remof.-ed with a view to negociation
He asked : whatsecurity had the United States
if ithey did all thisif they submitted to euch
abject ,humiliation,ythat threat Britain should
treat? Was it to be expected that she would
treat more liberally with .us wiien we solicited
as slaves, than she would whikt we raagnani
nously; eonteedetl for onr rights i ' The gen
tleman from JMassachuietts; said hci whxn re
peating hist creeds had forgotten a part, via.
".Unfurl the lannct? of the Mepliblic craimt
uic imperial tianaara r -1 his woukl com
plete, a pr)iect he had : lately seen nronbsed
ffom the, East and, as to its application coin,
ctding-with the wishes over the watery would
be; just such ; project ai Mr tanning mighl
dictate i- Revoke your proclamation retnove
th scmbargoy and unfurl : the sKepublican
batmera apainit' th imrnl 4t9nJ.4 iJLL
Mr Williams m Concluded B sbeerh of an KAir
antJ Kaltyn length with giving notice that ii
should move to amend the bill, when the pre
sent motion! was decided, by striking out all
that part of it relating td non-intercourse' tmH
ui our aroours to anr vesftei tirnt- iiritr,.n
pr;Franccf and j Imposing an additional duty
jrww imiAii .tu. xi uiii i iiiiKfr I'riiinrr lm...
ncn iu y imams concluded, the. com-
"7 " wmuwj ivc iu 41 again
t Thursdsv, Fc)). 16. '
i r u f .i r e ' v ".Ff,vv"H-u -Tiues ine whirlwind and-di-
, jetton of, th; bid with a yww to try the print refhe storm'fto feuide the nation td a hap
ftiple ot the non-mtercourse system. vIn sun 'p3r'lriult.t'"r 5, -.- ,
'.port, of .tlii motion, he elleired theiimn'ossi. Me. Kienol'jiilR AvUt!:":r.i,
'port of tliis: motiofl, he allegM the ump'ossi.
' Inlity ot carrying the System, into effect for
. l 'c.onceiyed, that the embargo had been inef.
j, i fecial from the Impossibility bf parrying R
, in.complete effect,; and the proposed pyfitem
a . 4 roiild' be, at least as 'difficult tt$ enfprcetle
- "uuf'Auc luipossipie jo, carry a
ri non-intercdu.rse .system into effect,' as loug as
F"; . y tsscls .were perniitted,to go "toea lie had
4 ; t this lill,' amongst
iC whlclr were these i that nhlriiK i
i , mWtn 'l?art6nlyhe fjehn
T5 wT "v " 6 w . V4,UC ,w,v provisjon.ior
i - "'.v. ui us pl cBeni giiaoe. it nris to he
ri - - cfoubted whether Bnvvni'i-iKnir .u t
r , . btatei.-would understand the'duty enjoined otf
; liiro By -.trtj that a time only twb days previous
,1 I. to the meetiAtrnf fh m.vJ ttn.L.- ?i j l
r , ; upon as the day.on which the non-importation
t ' thpuld iritot operations arid thus the bill ap-
- pearecHd' ta'anif8t d1kthaVmM
; ' vh certainly, would be roorlTompeteni i(n'ao
I th.c PrsenJ VODSres decide on Hi poprie.
" ty at that time; that a hon-intercourse between
these countries would but compel our citizens
. " '.- to p.avja double,freicrht to and from --i
A V ?QS ilhout producing anyj other effect than
..yu..flvw vni?,.V.UIUj Wll gOQUSitrOm
than- countries, although their importation
;wer$: Interdicted by law, would be introditred
nevertheless ; that the extent 6f thc terr'itirv
if " -
' -
1 1
- - ,. , fW- ----- -.v. , AVWlt 7
and ' sea-coast v of the, U ni ted
v 1-'V Crf.t jtnat all jtfforts to interdict theimporta-
v would be introduced tfbntrary to law, thus de
s privfog ,the;; United States' of the revenue
' hich :;jvbd!i' he derived,: from them' if'-thcir
.iropora.wn'' were permitted by law. ' .. Kalhef
" ihtaftaccpt this system Mr.' Mi thought it
' would b btttef 'that this country should ,re
i Wain yet longer under the pressure" tof the em
( irgo; which he had no douht, must be re.
1 "ilcd early in the' next session!' ".
MrL jCicholasrepIied t6 the ohservationi'of
mr.auingy on ine SUDier.I ht th. lool
tion to the embargo laws in Massachusetts. He
84u inlaws, of tne nation were to be resis
ted in the manner in which h 1amn. a o.,
tt-;Ke;kar it':.itepTa iri bne part of the
iwini)i)r,n ucciuio me auty ot this JUegis
latureto meet it vSf' Wne tin VAu.:tt.
their, dutv tq shrik from' ikifHe could hot
, "T ,,,wt r louncen states shpuld
submit to 6ne.:'As men vtM iK'k.?itu
powers by he constitution, Congress could riot
transfer th
to any town-Jri relation, to negotiating with
measures of cbereion in existence, Mr. Nicho
las asked when did; the violations of our rights
tcfmmence? VSolongago that the precis tnne
vuHiu uui w.iuca. ; wjien dia' our coercive
measuj-es commence f.In 1806 Mr.'N;'nff-:
ticed the negociators during whose ministry a-
tmued. ;4Mfv KingV Mr: MonrocV andMr.
Pinckney all honourable men, had successive
ly represented the United States iri Great'Bri:
tain,,.A.nd coujd any tlirig be gathered from
any thmg they had v ever; written or: aid; to
induce a beliefthatthis' government had not
acted wiph sincerity t vHiere .iwas the ;most
conclusive evidence J: to . fthei, contrary Mr,
N.aid he would ask flpthihg of Great Britain
or france that would tehd to sacrifice their ho
nour aoo. heis.hed whn.' ginUemen"1 dwelt
4o' much on th wwn-rl sf f.;-:.- i.:.rr
iTle House Strain resolved ii'pf !nA
raittee of the wholeonthhiirfdr interdictirig
pommercial Intercourse ?fV':,'''i'
' Mr." Milhor's nintlni'''nvkttX.
first aection, being under consideration ' v '
-Mr Nicholas spoke against the motion for
aboui half an hour.' ' Ife replied td mariy ob.
jcvuuua wuiiu naa .oeen maae, to the cm.
e oDservei noweven tha this state of things
could not continue lont4nnd tKar w,
hesitations td Bay- that this nation must Soon
flfpi'fnin ithfr i;. U l vr s -i"
rignis,or to aoanaon eommerce ssItogether;-
Ilft COUld not fonnt U vriuW.'n.',
as if was now shackled hy thcjf belligerentl no
abandon it1 altPcrether;. c He-
yet was a manly and honourable spirit in tha
nation : yg h i f h wtii ii 4 ' . t ' k : i ' -vi r
. , . .' .m; lUVdSKinS , oi
our rights r'and.thts bill would prevent our
citizens; frdm staining the character of the na
tion by'carrvWNjn a comniri-rV whJ,
only be carried on wiJi diegrace, uritif another
puvuiu imvc ucen maue lor ptace,i
i'lT he Cues tion was tnVn rintttrll-Snn. k... ".Ki
,-. ' ,., i v"...inMiij vm, iuc
first sccttori of the billaridheEraJtived. av'cs $L
rT'bft ITnn.f. nrnrr.rl.,1 !J .Ui 'J." t'ji 1
.tates vas; sjio much on the regard of foreign nations for
their ridtional character, that h.
, ... wtw vmi(ti.iti-vM ourown countrv
f ..... u. Miwiiu jam ne! oeen ueci
dedly. in avouD of issuing , letters of. mardue
and reprisal at once i .' hehelid If
have cut off all that funtroua miatter now ilt.;
. . . . . -j ... - -
. .,w..& vujujr. jvnki'? lor xne pcopie 01
incw ngiana were vns patriotic as ftny, and
when the choice "wai between their own and. a
lureign country, they would cling 'to the irown.
Tt was the hot bed politicians who stirred them
i' h.w.4.u '
As thy vessel coining! in after the tinje; fixed
an Avtrttrln b iiKt . x,t..iji;! -'
7 ('i " ."7 - .' '.'! vuiiucm;r,u nn: nc
thought it would be fa tbe,h6hour of the
Uori'i?!,i'.-r X" 'vJ,fj''v. ?-;:V''?t:.'r.l! 'i r
j- j tV " uayjwouta he a
GTeed itov ,'Tfe was not for KvW VA V Lntii,A
any Jonger notice of ouregaltions than? phe5
gave of 'the' orders in, council'.' vit. from tlW
1 1th f -November to tho 12tU of January.
He therefore named the 20th day-qf ApiiLt
'.'The Question on' the first clay' of June was
negatived, 59 to-41v 'y '''CH
The-20th cfc May; Was ?greVdtc,"80 to 24.
The fourth bection having been read (pro
hibiting the importation of French or British'
goods) : .... .; - ;( ', '
i Jr. D. i?. IFiliamx moved to strike-Tt out
ana insert in lieu of it a provision fo
:l ; -iThe.noky !ldut a Huj world'-
By the British bri? Matilda.
in 18 days tromSt J ;hr.s, -AritWa, the :,
lviercanuje Anvcraer has received Leu ,
to the 13th of rJeccmbci'4ncIt?ive ten
than our former dites) and Uic; -Antigua J
the 24U bf January, tofltininj? rtewsfaom '
oj iub iuiu ui jLoennuer, intm wuch vc e
the following, extracts, , ," C f , r
ye learn verbally by a passen ger in tl .e h:
dlda firo'in t Antiguai'tl'mt onthe 2oih cJui
(lisnatch Wa eCfcivefS' from arlmirul r i .
- - , . wuaaiA VA. Ill . 1
ting that Sh John Moore with' an irniy ot
men, naa auacKca tne Jt raich army m the i ,
of Midi id and coinpltlcly touted them, v. ; .:
sIanjUtc.-oniUDthv vsides. The English I t
killed; 4-. -4i 'M- ' -IV
Itia: further stated, that aFrerxh 50 gun s' .:
500 troops and 1700 barrels of Flohr, was c,
after a severe linp-afrement. t-ciin' ?ntn t".
by the British' frigates Jason andjCkcpaifa.
The London papers have contradiv-iorv
poui ionapane ; one day he is said to be
uic next at luacnu, ,.,
. TJbev alsb -' statef that. PiilaTnT. in : mi i
note of Nov. 2l reports' that Generals C .
and St Manjue, had on tiie( Unentered C:;
n teti, the Frenci. having precipitately left it U 7
tho. nrornmivtJ ' ' . : 'u ; v
wixiio iuu jwec. pays, mat a cabinet c- -was
held the preceduii
till 7 in the: evening, after which Mr. Ilmit- i t
messengei' was ordered to pfoceted with di.-;
fof Spuin ilt is said svihject was the sl.i.
of the Bridstarriiy m It is said 1 tic
tish forcc-i? to be, concentrated In Portugal. Ti
twwiave .oeeo pworea. totormna and , r
othing but uncertainty annxiety prevaV
with Tegard fa Spain i Att account., had boen r
ceivedofthedeteutof pastanos, and die intern'
retreat of the nnrish 1orrp fmrn Kir&n ' I-
lamanca. i'rThd papers'Say the reinaia of o;r
uiv uib iTsoiuaon ws Deen taken ;ot 'jC-mW..' :
troops from England with all possible exj
andofrtttemptm?,' if anv oni-iortiiriiMr.-siiniiV,
to aid the eau of the Spaniards upon:: such
- ltP7l5iSSi ca oi any .
Several ship were ordered' tctspam' to protect
transports in hringyig all the trocpir -A
S The accounts fivm Sweden were ; ainfavpur
Since the ru'ptar; of thearmistice the Russians 1
Dlwhed hostilities WltllnrK in AiwrtfhfilmiiKT y
periorrtyiof tbrce thatfialljtlie'galUhv eftoru It i
lyedes have been 4 fruitless.' ' ' 1
ovine ministerial icnanges Were 'spoke ol
ntrff Will WMr.rr m..i
Shaw the riiesscnger, left landonthe 10th Dec. ai
;sn4tcheforv,Paris;'?'s;.f. y tVV. '
. Austria asi)u pontinvied her .military prcparauoi
MtWJV uuiiiics V f 10 tllClHIOill.T . '
Petersburg, that after the first of Jan.' 1 809, r, j t!
8w bevsuifof edto crite the Russian poita, or.',
r lmnosinn'
ktTlie American ,hij. Margaret J and karcii, 1:
beertphdemncd at qonenhagen land soi3 for the U
neht'6f the captors!. - ' 7-:-' f ,: --.- ' ?
' j,C"'' Irt-UV-V ' f- ' t-'-L0,SD0W, Dec 10.
, , cers irom llollana ute tnut liormpar.u
1ia ordered a relaxation to tike place in the rcgula
tioiis enjoined by his Milun'" -decree respecting neu
trals.' f IJviihft A&m .M..U,t 5-li,it
Hnieinrais winch had touched at British port, or
subjiutted to be searched by a British cruizerfshot!i '
bs con Tiscatcd on afierwaf(i entering a French p
or condemned ai legal prizes', if taken by J i enr
anned vessel." Jt is now ordered that neutrals sh'l
be admitted into French ' ports, tboueh they . Imv
..... I t i . . ' ' . . .
bceh searched bv a liritisti
have not touched at V
,h poit.
. .' - "L . r

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