- m . - , .
i - V
; 'RALEIGH APRIL 20, 1 809:
PNo. 25V ;
i f -
k7 FoBLItHKD 1TEKT ThC01T,' IT TbO
as Hutituii.jvx. loa salt k Co. At Tax
crra XD OF FAtTTH,L-STT,
Casio's coanxa PuciTmu Doui.as rxa
biMtx Parta 10 Caats..
Lost or Mislaid
A VOTE of HAXD fbr 14 Pound. YirxiaU
X JL Simon Greea. of 7nnk.Ua oovntr, dated April or
May last parable. I beberc, the 1st Pf September Ut
This is to noufy to the said Smew Grceu, not to mt th
aid wot tg any on but snrwu er eracr, as I have wm
traded or assigned it to any person whatever.
. K1CHAKU D. tUUJLL.
G ran rill comity March, 29, 1809. .
Thomas L, Campbell
1-ttitt ift Inform his Friend anuthe Public, that
. - V k. k.. tiknthe Houae Ulelv occunied by Mr.Tho-
- Burch, acarty oppoaite Mr.Boylaa't Printing -Of
fice, in whtch M rnlena carrying om uio
' V SlLfBR V GOLDSMITH'S SUSIJfESS;
1 . c U I1 tti rarioui branchea. and flatter himself with the
i . ' hope of firing satisfaction to those who may be so frieiid-
-if as to larour mm wiui uieir custvm.
, '. ' , f . .. ' Raleigh, Aprd 18, 1809.
; X - Deserted,
17 rom my company of Artillerists, d the n'ght of the
JC 19th uit, JOHN HINSON and W ILLiAM COX.
i ' ? ,Hinson is a riative of North-Carolina, five fuet six inches
' ' and one half high, twenty two years of age, has blue eyes,
' Kjrht hair, fair complexion, by occupation a Vamage
. Jilitkers V'tlli am Cox, is a Virginian, six tect uign, twin
' V " tr.six Tears of see, has blue eyes, light hair, ruddy com
' ' blezionibT occupation a Hatu Fifty Dollars reward,
'.'V .will be paid for securing the above Deserters in any goal,
i.- and information giren to me, or if delivered to any com.
' missioned omeer in tbe army oi ine umtea states, uie
' ' i p whole of the expences paid independept of the reward.
' V ' ADDEKSON B. ARMISTEAD,
! r. " ' Cnpl. Itt Segment U. ArtiUcctit, Cvmman&ng.
Savannah, Marcn 2U.
'! T diJerenS printer f Gtorgia, Stuth and Xarth
!ConlinH, o requeued t iruert' thu advertitement aeie
time hi their rffxetive paper; for -wfuck they ihuU U paid
A forwarding their aeeeimte tt wot place.
, A.B. ARMISTEAD.
- Green and white Coffee.
FOUR Tbonsand Five Hundred weight of the best
Green and White Coffee for tale at tny Store, in Scot
land Neck, Halifax couBty, by the quantity, on very good
Terms. Ajm4; ojiini,jr.
"April 2, 1809. , -
To the Mill Wrights
LYTUE UXTTED STATES.
1TE subscriber harms- under a special act of conrresa.
X obtained a patent for his improvements in the art of
manufacturing ftour, dated January 22, 1808, which ow , . if thev be able to embart 'it
needs no recommendation. He hasalao a patent for his inv 8" J?95.' nQ. " uie! De .le 10 "ip".
provemenu on Steam Engines, which render them sinv I proaaoie it ww dui uc
There re two roads from Astorgi to VUU-
frmncA. ', The Engliih took the right, the Spa.
nitrds the left thej orchel without ordet
were cut off and surrounded or the llauoTe
rian Cbaseeurt. A rencral of brigade and a
whole diTitioh laid down their arms.
Since the 27ih ult. we have takeh more than
1O.000 pnsoncn, scroong whom are 1,500
English, We hare taken alto more than 400
baggage waggons, 15 waggons of fire locks,
their magazines and hospitals, . The English
retreat in disorder, leaving magazines, aick.
and equipage. Ther will experience a still
pie, cheap and durable, more suitable for a great variety
of purposes in this country. And for his improvement
called the Screw Mill, tor ore axing planter and otiiei
hard substances, proved in a variety of furma to be ven
useful. And also for his Luminous Stove, with jaJk or
isinglass doors, giving light like an open fine With sr.
vera! other useful improvements. He is now deposed to
soil one half of his exclusive nrbU, by countirs or dis-
ithout the loss of
half their army But informed that that army
was reduced below 20,000 men, the emperor
resolved to remove his head quarters from
Astorga to B;nevente.
We found in the barns several f.nglisii who
had been hanged by the Spaniards. His ma
tricu, to mill wrighu or engineers, (in preference) rapa- J jesty was indignant, and ordered the barns to
ble of erecting and arranging those improvements, so as
to nut them fully and completely in operatton. t o suci.
he will sell on terms Uiat will prove aayantageoua, oou.
to them and the millers for it is evident, that those im
provements will be obtained both of better construction
and t heaper, including the small -sum for leave to use
them. tor usina the improvements in manutactunni!
Hour, full and complete in a ainele mill, ft 100; and for
(he Screw Mill, for breaking planter, RS0 by applying
to those well skilled in constructing them, who may keep
them made ready for setting up, than they could other,
wise be obtained if no patrjit existed.
Security for performance of contracts will Be requir
ed. Screw Mills made of cast iron of best construction.
are kept at Mars Works, Philadelphia,, for sale wliert
Steam Enirines are also made of any power that may be
ordered, warranted to answer the purpose.
Those who use his improvements witnoui licence, may
depend on being called on, through the medium i um
United State courts.
Any printers of newspaper Who assist in disseminating
these useful improvement!, shall be the first, in any prii .
cinle city or town in the United States, to rive this ad.
vertiaement a Dlace to the amount oi nve aouars, snau ot
entitled to one copy of the second edition of the Younp
Mill Wright and Miller's iide, price g 4, and one cop)
ut the ioung steam engineers buioe, pnev, j 1 J 1,1
change for one of the papers, by applymg to the subscri
Philadelphia, Jan. 30, 1809.
A List of Letters
"tfmaimngin the Pott-Office at Rjibics, quarter
ending Jlir tfMareli, 1809.
Jamima Buttlrr, James Buffalow, Christophe:
Akel BurreM. Jacob Brooks, Burwell Brown,
. . i,..4EI T M 11 BuL TUM... 1 ,. i-,.
Win. DUliWOW, ffUlWHU amwxwcm lliviutu 1K'W. ."vvi.
'(cy. Mark tfiok, Mark Christopher, Christopher
.Curtis, Isaac T- Chshing, John Chaves, Mrs. Nancy Uxilc
Wm". Co Del and. Collin Caoibell. 2.
- fit J. ,WE Uaniel, iewi Uavis, Lewis uupree, uen
jamin DanieL . 1
(T). Samuel rackler.
G ). Mis J. Guifey, Silas Green, John Green, John
'Tf. Guion, George Gillispie.
. ). Stephen Hawood, Henry Hunter, Isham Hold
ing, Isaac Hunter, Wm. Hintou, We Halliburton, An
derson Harrison, John Harrison, David llorton, 2.
CO- l-mue' Jackson, Charles lvey, Nathan Irey.
(K). William Kerney, James ,Kunbroubh, Charles
Mr Sarah Langley, 2,
David Martin, John Madearis, Josiah Masscy,
Edward Morris, Mis Nancy Moms, Josiah Moody, vvm.
Merrit, Colemait Miller, Kobert Montgomery, Allen Mob
ley. '-' -..
C .y J. Elhanon Nutt, WUHs Nellums, John Nicks.
fO J. John Owen.
CP ), John Purify, Thomas Pair, Thomas Price, John
Peebles. Witt. Parsons, Hinton Pugh, 3 Thomas Proc-
(R ). ,Lott Robertson, John II. Rieves, Apple W
llicherson. Clerk of the Superiour Court, 2.
; fSJ- Jetse Smith, Batt Smith, John Stuart, the She
. riff of Wake, 2 ; Wm Suggs, Isham Sims, Zachariah
' (T). . Solomon Terril, Moses Todd, John Tilly, Robt.
. TarvK-k, M illie Tipper, Patrick Terrill. ,
CW). Charles Wood, 8olomon Willowby, Branch
WkthaU, Corbell Woodward, Hartwtll Winn, Thoifia L
Williams, William White, 9.
f ). Elias Vinson. WILLIAM SHAW, P. Ji.
" I from the Orient to the drooping West,
Making the Wind my Post-Home, still unfold
The acta commenced on thitt Ball of earth."
Bank of Newbern,
TTO President and Directors having established an
Ortice of Discount in the City of Raleigh, under the
Agency of the Subscriber, notice ishercbv given that the
business of it will be transacted under the following Rules :
1. Bills, Bonds and Notes made negociable at UieBuiik
of Newbern ami payable at it Office in Raleigh, at or
within sixty days, in which two solvent individual shall
he bound, will be discounted at the rate of 6 per cent, per
1 2. Three days of grace will be allowed and interest ta
3. Alt paper to be offered for Discount will be expected
to be left with the Agent on Wednesday before 10 o'clock,
' A. M. and the Discount will be declared and payment
made at 3 o'clock, P. M SHERWOOD HAYWOOD,
r.Iarch 30, 1809. . ' Agent.
State of North Carolina, 7 Court of Fleas Si Quarter
Johnston County. Sessions,
Feliruary Perm, 1809.
vviius watHon, tsq. petition for division
Tl,. it.; f ik a;t rM C of Lan4-
P appearing to the Court that William Allen, one of (he
Defendants in this case, is an inhabitant of another
State, Ordered, therefore, that Publication be made for the
spaceof6 weeks successively in the Star of Raleigh, that
the raid William Allen nr' ur at the next Court to be
held for said County, on the fourth Monday in May next,
and shew cuse, if any he has, wherefore the prayer of
this petition shall not be granted. '
Attest k.sanukkn, t;. u.
TOR SALE AT THIS OFFICE,
The following interesting foreign news is
extracted From papers received at Washington
by the Rosamond, noticed in our last, to have
arrived at Norfolk. We offer our readers both
the French and English accounts of the retreat
of the British armv, and its debarkation from
Spain, by which it will be seen that that ill
fated country may, ere now, be ranked among
the many nations who have bended their necks
to the yoke of the Conqueror of Europe.
The 21st Bulletin contains nothing impor
tant. It states the departure of the Emperor
from Madrid on the 22d of December and tra
ces the retreat of the English army t6 Brne-
vento, during which several trifling engage-
ments of small parties took place.
The 22nd Bulletin bears date, Benevento,
December 31, from which the British armv
had fled, and announces no event of magnitude
'1 he 23rdBulletin is dated Beneve nto, Jan
1.- It states the overthrow of Komana, with
the loss of 1,700 prisoners, and the reduction
of Romana's army from 50,000 to 5,000 men,
who had thrown themselves into Astorga.
1 he 24th Bulletin is dated Astorga, Jan. 2,
where the Emperor arrived the preceding dav
it states the miserable state of Komana s army,
and the road from Benevento as strewed with
the dead horses, travelling carriages and artil
lery of the British, and says that the Emperor
had charged the Duke of Dalmatiawith the
glorious mission of pursuing the English to
the place of their debarkation, and of driving
them into the sea at the point of the sword.
The 25th Bulletin, dated Benevente, Jan. 5.
The head of Merle's division, forming part of
the duke .of Dalmatia's corps, came up with
the advanced guard on the 3rd.
At 4 P. M. tt reached the rearguard of the
English, who were upon the heights.of Pric-
cros, a league before Villafranca, consisting of
5000 infantry and 600 cavalry. This position
was a very fine position, and difficult to attack.
Gen. Merle made his dispositions. The in
fantry advanced, beat the charge, and the Eng
lish were entirely routed. The difficulty of
the ground did not permit the cavalry to
charge, and onlv 200 prisoners were taken.
We had some fifty men killed or, wounded.
Gen. Colbert advanced to see if, the cavalry
could . form ; his hour was arrived a ball
struck him on the forehead, and he lived but
a quarter of an, hour.
be burnt. The peasants, whatever mar be
their resentment, have no right to attempt the
lives of the waggoners- of either army. II is
majesty has ordered the English prisoners to
be treated with all the respect due to soldiers
who have manifested liberal ideas and senti
ments of honour.
Governor de St. Cyr's division entered Bar
celona on the 17th. On the 15th he came up
with generals Keding s ftqd.. Vive s troops at
Lieras, and completely routed them. lie took
six pieces of cannon, 30 waggon, and 3000
The 27th Bulletin, dated Valladolid, Tn. 9,
The duke of Dalmatia, after'the battle of Ri
mes, proceeded to expel the English from the
ost of Piedra Fella. He there took 1500
English prisoners, five pieces of cannon, and
Half the Enclish cavalry is on foot. Since
our departure from Benevente up to the 5th
inst. we coiinted on the road 1809 English
horses thlt had bqen "killed.
The remains of Komana's army are found
wandering about in all directions. The re-
hams pt the armv of Majorca, of Iberia, of
Barcelona, and of Naples, are made prisoners.
I he Spanish peasantry have no mercy on
the English. Notwithstanding the strictest
orders to the contrary, we every day 'find a
number ot English assassinated.
1 he cities of Valladolid, of Palmeira, Se
govia, -Avilla, Astorga, JLeon, etc. ficc. have
sent numerous deputations to the king.
1 he city ot Madrid has particularly distin
guished itself. Twenty eight thousand five
hundred heads ot families have taken the oath
of allegiance before the holy sacrament. The
citizens have promised his imperial maiestv.
that if he will place his brother on the throne,
they will serve him with all their efforts, and
defend him with all their means.
Fhe 28th Bulletin, is dated Valladolid, Tan
1.1. I hat part ot the treasure of the enemy
which has fallen into our hands is 1,800,000
francs. The inhabitants assert that the Enc
lish have carried off from eight to ten millions.
1 he English General deeming it impossible
that the French infantry and artillery should
have followed him, and gained upon him a cer
tain number of marches, particularly in moun
tains so difficult as those of Gallicia, thought
he could only be pursued by cavalry and sharp
shooters. He took, therefore, the position of
t.. astro on his right supported by the river
l ombago, which passes by Lugo, and is not
The duke of Dalmatia arrived on the 6th in
tne presence ot trie enemy. Determined to
attack on the 9th, but the enemy retreated in
the night, and in the morning our advanced
guard entered Lugo. The enemy left 300
sick in the hospitals, a park of 18 nieces of
cannon, and 300 waggons of ammunition. W
made 700 prisoners. '
The town and environs of Lugo are choak
ed with the bodies of English horses. Hher.re,
upwards of 2,500 horses have been killed in
the retreat. ". 1
The English are marching to Corunna in
great haste, where they have 400 transports.
l hey have already lost baggage, ammunition,
a part of their most material artillery, and up
wards of 3000 prisoners.
In reckoning the sick, missed, those who
have been killed by the peasants and made pri
soners by our troops, -we may calculate the
loss of the English at one third of their army.
lhey are reduced to 18,000 men, and are not
vet embarked. From Shagun they retreated
150 leagues in bad weather.'worse roads, thro'
mountains, whole days closely pursued at the
point ot the sword.
It is difficult to conceive the folly of their
plan of campaign. It muBt be attributed, not
to the General who commands, and who is a
clever and skilful man, but to that spirit of ha
tred and rage which animates the English mi
nistry. To push forward in ftiis manner 30,000
mety exposing them to destruction, or to flight
as their only resource. Is a Conception whick
can only be inspired by the i ipirit of passion or
the most extravagant presumption; '
io go was pillaged and sacked by the enemy
We cannot impute th? tc disasters to thf Eogi
lish General : it is the'usuil and Inevitable ei
feet of forced marches and precipitate retreat
Zimora, w hose inhabitants had been aulmati ,
ed by the presence of the English," shut theii
gates against ten. xuangetet: lien. Uomeail
proceeded against it with four .battalions h
scaled the city, took it, and put the most guilty
tonhe swrrd. r"T'. ; .. .. V ?, . ?
Calitia is the province of Spaid which mant '
fests the best disposition, it receives th
French as deliverers ' 'r'' ' ; .-
Tbe 30th Dulletid.'.is ' dafe'd January.
21. The Duke of Dalmatia left Betaoiosbn
the 1 2ih inst. Having reached'the, Mero, hst'
found the bridge of Burgo cut. : The enemy
was dislodged from the village of Burgo,"- In
the meanwhile General Franceschi ascended
the river, which he crossed at the bridge of
He made himself master of thc high '
road from Corunna to Santiago, and took 6
officers and 60 soldiers prisoners. On , th
same day a body of 30 marioes who wrro
fetching water from the bay hear Mero, wero
taken. From the villatre of P-rilIo2 the' Enr-
lish fleet could be observed in the harbour of
Corunna. '.""'VI- v:'
On the 13th the enemy caused two poWdef
magazines, situated near the heights 'of Su
Marge ret at half a league from Corunna, to be
blown. The explosion was terrible, .and was
felt at tiie distance of 3 leagues, '
On the 14ih, the Bridge at Bnrgo watre.
paired, and the Frenth artillery w as able to
pass. The tnrm had taken a position at two
leagues distance, half a league before Corunna.
He was seen employed in hastily embarkincr.
his sick and wounded, the numbers of which
according to spies and deserters, amounts to
j or men. ine rngiisn were in tne
meanwhile occupied in destroying the hattefiea
on the coast, and .laying Waste the. country pnV
the sea shore. The commandant, of. the rort,
St. Philip, susnectintr the fate intended for his
fortification, refused to admit them in,,"' -":
On the evening of the 14 th we; saw a fresh
convoy of 160 sail arrive, among which-wcrti
tour ships of the line. v v , ... s
On the mornimr of the 15th. the division
of Merit and Merinet, occupied the heighta
of Villaboa, where the enemy ;advaocecl
guard was stationed, which was attacked and
destroyed. . Our right wing was stationed on
the point where the road from Corunna to
Lugo, and that from Corunna to Santiago
meet. The left was placed behind the tillage
of Elvia. The enemy was stationed behind
some advantageous heights. .. .v-'w'-, yi':-,-,..
fhe rest of the 15th was spent in fixing :a
battery of 12 pieces of cannon and it Was
not tjll the 16th, at three o'clock in the after
noon, that the Duke of Dalmatia gave order
to attack. . t ;
The assault was made upon the English by . ,
the first brigade of the division of Mermet, iff ;
wnicn overtnrew mem, anu drove lacm ironv
the village of Elvina. The second regiment
of light infantry covered itself with glory.
General Jordan, at the head of the Voltiguers,
wrought a terrible carnage. The enemy dri
ven from his positions, retreated to the gaxv
dens which surround Corunna,.
The night growing very dark, it nfras neee,
sary to suspend the attack. The epemy avail
ed himself of this to embark with precipitation.
Only 6000 of our men were engaged, and eve-v
ry arrangement was made for abandoning the
positions of the night and advancing next day
t j a general attack. The loss of the enemy haa
been immense. Two of our batteries played
upon them during the whole ot the e engage
ment. We counted on the field more than 8;
hundred of their dead, bodies, among which;'
was the body of Gen. Hamilton, an J (hose of
two other general officers,' "whose namiL we" ;
are unacquanted with. We have taken 20 of- i. -,
ficers, 300 men, and four pieces of cannon. V ,
The English have left behind them more than, j1 ,
1,500 horses, which they , hid killed, uur; ;
loss amounts to 100 killed and one hundred cc, V
fifty wounded. ' .'. -':r,f '
At day break on the 17th, we saw the Eng.v
lish convoy under sail, On he 18th the whole.
had disappeared. . ', .v :
The Duke of Dalmatla"'hd;ausea a can.:
nonade to be commenced ripoti ht vessehi frOni '
the fort of Slantig6. f Several transports ran a
Jjround, and alt the men who were on board
were taken . ,.,V" .'"?;. "5 ' . .
We found in the establishment of th'.Pal- '
loza, a large manufactory 8tc. ia the suburbs pt
Corunna. where the English had preyioiialy.
been encamped, 3000 English rouskets.Ma
gazines also were ieizedyCOntaiolno; a jcreat
quantity of ammunition and other effecti,!-
longing to the host'de army. A great cumber
of wounded wcreVicked up In , the suburbs