J . - - '
.... - . . . . - . ...-..
- , ' , v
' V" A 'J ' ' : ,'
. ' i . , . . ... .
il- "-, 4 V '. . .
: ct t'
' .Voi.. I.
RALEIGH, MAY 11, 1 809.
vno r; ..t-
Published evet Thuksdat, . at Tho
mas HlHOEBSOir, JUJT. TOR (ELF fc CoAT THE
'vrrzR end or Fatettetille-Steeet, near
Casso's corner Price Three Dollars per
anncm, pat able hal? tearlt in advance.
Single Paper 10 Cents.
The Inhabitants of this city we desired to settle with
the Subscriber their State, Countr, -snd Pariah taxe
for the year i08, without delay. He is also authorised to
collect forty Shillinjrs from each of those who have, with
out Licences, retailed Spirits by the nmall measure.
WILUAM SCOTT, Dtpuh, Sheriff.
Raleigh, May 11A, 18U9.
A Journeyman l!attery
OVE from the Northward, who is a good Workman
would be preferred, and will meet with penuous
Vaes. RICHARD R. HEADING.
Nash county, April 20, 1809.
THE annual txamlnution of the Students of tlie I'ni
versity of North-Carolina will commence on the '2'21
w June next. The committee of visitation appointed to
ttena tne examination will be composed ot the following
I rustees, vm s
Mesrs. William Gaston, John Moore,
. Arch'd D. Muiphcy, Israel Pickens,
,a Walter A Ives, Benjamin Smith,
' T' John D. Hawkins, Jeremiah Slade, and
William Hawkins, William Williams.
As the ueccssity of a due attendance on the part of the
committee must te obvious to evcrr member, una as tli-
duties they have to perform devolve on each class onh
once in five years, the loard of Trustees hope thut a pro
per reg-ani to tat welture ot the Institution will uiducc
every gentleman to attend with punctuality.
GAVIN ALVES, Sce'rv.
- Hillsboroaph, April 51, 1809.
THE smi-Mimui Examination of the Sjuidcnts of this
Institution will commence on Tuesday the 30th ol
JVfav, and will continue three days. The evenings ol
each day will be occupied by the Speeches ot the ywuiu
orators, and by Theatrical performances. It is expected
tnat two ptays wui oe extnbited.
'. The next Session will commence on the 12th of June
It is desired ot those who intend to enter for that sessioi
'to attend, early, that the classes may be iidvar.t;igeou&!
r WILLIAM WHITE, Sec'ry.
April 24, 1809,
. All Persons
T NUEBTED to the Subscriber are informed that tli
,JL payment of their accounts is extremely desirable, am
the immediate setuement ot tnem indispensablv ni tfu
J ay. . CALVIN JONES.
Raleigh May 4, 1809.
Bank of Newbern,
T' HE President and Directors havini; established
' X' Office of Discount in the Citv of Kaleiirh. under tin
Agencyf the Subscriber, notice is hereby given that tin
business of it will be transacted under the follow inif Rules
1. Bills,, Bonds and Notes made negociable at the B.'ink
rt Ncwbem arid payable at its Omce in HaleiRh, ut
within sixty days, in which two solvent individuals sha!
be boutKl, will be discounted at the rate of 6 per cent. pe.
2. TJree days of grace will be allowed and interest ta
3. AH paper to le offered for Discount will be expected
to be lett w ith the Agent on ednesday betore 10 o clock
A.M. and the Discount will be declared and payment
made at o'clock, Y. M. SI1EHWUOU HWW OOU
March 30, 1809. Apent.
""Crom mv company of Artillerists, on the nip;ht of the
JL 19th inst. JOHN HINSON and WILLIAM COX
liinson is a native of North-Carolina, live feet six indie
and one half high, twenty two vears of age, has blue i yes.
ll;t hair, fair complexion, by occupation a Currmgt
Miker. William Cox, is a Virginian, six feet high, t wen
ty six years ot age, has blue eve..?, liKut hair, ruduy con
plexion, by occupation a Hatter Fifty Dollars reward
vill be p;ud for securing the above Deserters in any goal
una mioFniation given to nie, or it delivered to any com
missioned officer in the army of the United States, the
whole of the expences paid indt pendent of the reward.
ADDKIJSON B. ARMISTKAD,
Cv.pt. lit Heginieni U. S. .h 'illcihts, (Commanding.
Ssv.mnah, March 2'.
SKrim or Til F. ,. I.I IT. OF
la i. letter from himself to Dr. Moore, author of ZWiicco,
; lul Tvuvrh in Frame n:t Jhitt,; and father of the
l.".e General Sir .k.hn Nioore, whu fell
at the -jiittle of t'oi-unna.
MAt ciiLlXE gd .ivgvH, 17&7-
SIR For some mouths past I have been
rambling over the country, but I am now con
fined with some liiijjtring complaints, origina
ting, as I take it, in the stomach. T divert
my spirits a little in this miserable fog of ennui,
I have taken a whim to give you a history of
mvsrU. My name has made some Utile noise
in this -country ; you have done me the ho
nour to interest yourself very warmly in my
behalf ; and I think a faithful account of what
character of a man I arn,and how I came by
that character, may perhaps amuse pU( in au
idle mom?nt, I will jivcyou an honest nnrra
. tive,.though I know it will be eften at my own
. txpe'nce ; for I assure you, Sir, I have,' like
' ? .
-. : ' - -
Soloimn, whose character, rxcepting in the
trifling affair of witdom, I sometimes think I
resemble. I have. I sav. like him turned mu
eyes to behold madnest and folly and like him
too, frequently shaken hands WM their intox
icating friendship. After you
have perused these pages, should you think
hem trining and impertinent, I only beer leave
to tell you, that the poor author wrote them
under some twiching qualms of conscience,
arising fromU suspicion that he was doing
what he ought not to do j a predicament he
has more than once been in before.
I hare not the most distant pretentions to
assume that character which the pye-coated
guardians of escutcheons call, a Gentleman.
VV hen at hdinburg last winter, I cot acquaint
ed in the herald's office, and looking thro' that
granary ol honours, I there found almost eve
ry name of the kingdom ; but for me,
" My ancient but ignoble blood
Has crept through scoundrel ever since the Hood."
Gules, Purpure, Argent, Stc. quite disowned
My father was of the north of Scotland,the
son of a farmer, and was thrown by early mis
fortunes on the world at larpe ; where, after
many years wanderings and sojournings, he
picked up a pretty large quantity of observa
tion and experience, to which I am indebted
for most of my little pretensions to wisdom.....
I have met with few who understood men,
their manners, and their rvays, equal to him ;
lut stubborn ungainly integrity, and headlong
ungovernable irrascibility, are disqualifying cir
eum!unces , consequently I was born a very
podr man's son. For the first six or seven years
of my life, my father was gardener to a wor
thy gentlemen of small estate in the neighbor
hood ot Ayr. Had he continued m that sta
tion 1 must have marched off to be oneof the lit
tle underlings about a farmhouse ; but it was
his dearest wish and prayer to have it in his
power to keep his children under his own eye,
till thcycould discern between good and evil;
so with the assistance of his generous master,
mv father ventured on a small farm on his es
tate. At those years I was by no means a fa
vourite with any body. I was a good deal no
ted f.r a retentive memory,astubbourn sturdy
something in my disposition, ad an entuusi-
astic ideot piety I say ideal piety, because
I was then but a child. Though it cost the
schoolmaster some thrashings, I made an ex
cellent English scholar ; and by the time I
was ten or eleven years ofge, I was a critic
m substantives, verbs or participles. In my in
fant and boyish days too, I owed much to an old
woman who resided in the familvremarkablc
for her ignorance, credulity, and superstition.
She had, I suppose, the largest collection
in the country of tales, and songs concerning
devils, gho9ts, fairies, brownies, witches, war
locks, spunkies, kelpies, elfcandles,dead-lights,
wraiths, appai'itions, cantraips, giants, inchant
ed towers, dragons, and other trumpery. This
cultivated the latent seeds of poetry ; but had
so strong an effect on my imagination, that to
this hour in my nocturnal rambles, I sometimes
keep a sharp look out in suspicious places;
and though nobody can be more sceptical than
I am in such matters, yet it often takes an ef
fort of philosophy to shake off these idle ter
rors. The earliest composition that I recol
lect taking pleasure in, was The Vision of Mir
za, and a hymn of Addison's, beginning, How
are thy Servants blest, 0 Lord I particularly
remember one hall-stanza which was music to
my boyish ear :
" i'or though on dreadful whirls we hun'jj
" High on the broken wave....
I met with these pieces in Masorts English
Collection, one of mv school-books. The two
first books I ever read in private, and which
give mc more pleasure than any two books I
i:er read since, were, The Life of Hannibal,
and The History of Sir William Wallace.
Hannibal gave my young ideas such a turn.that
I used to strut in raptures up and down after
the recruiting drum and bag-pipe, and wish
myself tall cnouc-h to be a soldier, while the
story of Wallace poured a Scottish prejudice
into my veins, which will boil along there till
the flood-gates of life shut in eternal rest.
Polemical divinity about this time was
putting the country half mad, and I, ambitious
of shining in conversation parties on Sundays
between sermons, at funerals, &cc. used a few
years afterwards to puzzle Calvinism with so
much heat and indiscretion, that I raised a hue
and cry of heresy about me, which has not
ceased to this hour.?
My vicinity to1 Ayr was of some advan
tage to me. My social disposition, when not
checked by some modification of spited pride,
was like our catechism definition of infinitude,
without bounds or limits. I formed several
connexions with other younkers who possessed
superiout. advantages ; the youngling actors
who were busy ia the rehearsal , of parts in
which they were shortly to appear on the stage
of life, where alas, I was destined to drudge
behind the scenes. It is not commonly at this
green iige, that our young gentry have a just
sense of the immense distance between them
and their ragged play-fellows. It takes a few
dashes into the world, to give the young gre ii
man that proper, decent, unnoticing disregard
for the poor, insignificant stupid devils,, the
mechanics and peasantry around him, who
were perhaps born in the same village. My
voung superiours never insulted the cloutery
appearance of my plough-boy carcase, the two
extremes of which were, often exposed to all
the inclemencies of all the seasons. They
would give me stray volumes of books; among
them, even then, I could pick upborne obser
vations, and one, whose heart I am sure not
even the Munny Begum scenes have tainted,
helped me to a little French. Parting with
these my young friends and benefactors, as
they occasionally went off for the East or West
Indies, was often to me a sore affliction, but
I was soon called to more serious evils. My
father's generous master died ; the farm prov
ed a ruinous bargain ; and to clench the mis
fortune, we fell into the hands of a factor, who
sat for the picture I have drawn of one in my
TaU of Tiva Z)og. My lather was advanced
in lite wi'-nhe married; 1 was the eldest ol
seven children, and he, worn out by early hard
ships, was unfit for labour. My father's spirit
was soon irritated, but not easily broken.
1 here was a freedom in his lease in two years
more, and to weather these two vears we re
trenched our expences. We lived very poor
ly ; I was a dexterous ploughman for my age ;
and the next e1d.es. to me was a brother (Gil
bert) who could drive the plough very well,
and help me to thrash the corn. A novel wri
ttr might perhaps have viewed these scenes
with some satisfaction, but so did not I ; my
indignation yet boils at the recollection of the
....1 factor s insolent threatening letters,
which used to set us all in tears.
This kind of life.. ..the cheerless gloom of
a hermit, with the unceasing moil of a galley-
slave, brought me to my sixteenth year ; a little
before which period I first committed the tin
of Rhyme. You know our country custom of
coupling a man and woman together as part
ners in the labj-urs of harvest. -In my fifteenth
autumn, my partner was a bewitching creature,
a year younger than myself. My scarcity of
bngli&h denies mc the power ot doing her jus
tice in that language, but you know the Scot
tish idiom ; she was a bonnie sweet sonsie lass.
In short, she altogether unwittingly to herself.
initiated me in that delicious passion, which
in 6pite ot acid disappointment, gin-horse pru
dence, and book-worm philosophy, I hold to
be the first of human joys, our dearest blessing
here below : How she caught the contagion 1
cannot tell ; you medical people talk much ot
intection trom breathing the same air, the
touch, 8cc. but I never said I loved her In
deed I did not know myself whv I liked so
much to loiter behind with her, when return
ing from our labours ; why the tones of her
voice made mv heart-strings thrill like an
jtolian harp ; and particularly why my pulse
beat such a furious ratan when I looked and
fingered over her little hand to pick out the
cruel nettle-stings and thistles. Among her
other love-inspiring qualities, she sung sweet
ly : and it was her f avourite reel to which I at
tempted giving an embodied vehicle in rhyme.
I was not so presumptuous as to imagine that
1 could make verses like printed ones, com
posed by men who had Greek and Latin ; but
my girl sung a song which was said to be com
posed by a small country laird's son, on one of
his father s maids, with whom he was in love ;
and I saw no reason why I might not rhyme
as well as he ; for excepting that he could
smear sheep, and cast peats, his father living
in the Moorlands, he had no more scholar
craft than myself.
Thus with me began love and poetry
which at times have been my only, and till
within the last twelve months, have been my
highest enjoyment. My father struggled on
till he reached the freedom in his lease, when
he entered on a larger farm, about ten miles
farther in the country. The nature of the bar
gain he made, was such as to throw a littie
ready money into his hands at the commence
ment of his lease, otherwise the affair would
have been impracticable. For four years we
lived comfortably here, but a difference com
mencing between him and his landlord as to
terms, after three years tossing and whirling
in the vortex of litigation, my father was just
saved from the horrors of a gaol by a consump
tion, which, after two years promises, kindly
stepped in, and carried him away, to where the
wicked cease from troubling, and where thewea
ry are at rest !
It is during the time that we lived on this
farm, that my Uttle story is most eventful.' I
was, at the beginning of this period, perhaps,
the most ungainly auk ward boy in the parish
no solitaire was less acquainted with the ways
of the world. -What I knew of ancietjt story
' .' , 1 -., '.-,'.
was gathered from Salmon t and Guthrie gco
graphical grammars ; and the ideas I had form-,
ed of modern manners, oflluratufe and critic
cim, I tfot from the Spectator, These, with
Pope a Workt some plays of Shakespeare Titll
and Dickson on Agriculture, the Panthezn
Locke Essay on the Human Underttandinrt
Stackhousc's History of the Bible, JutUcps
British Uardener Director Bay le n Lectures,
Allan Ramsay's Works, Taylor's Scripture
Doctrine of Original Sin, A Select Collection of
English Songs, and Harvey's Meditations, had,
formed the whole of my reading. The col
lection of Songs was my vade mecumi I poured
over them, driving my cart, or walking to la
bour, song by song, vers by Verse carefully
noting the true, tender, or sublime, from affec
tation and fustian. I am convinced I owe to
this practice, much of my critic-craft such as it
In my seventeenth year, to give my matw
ners a brush, I went to a country dancing
school... ...My father had an unaccountable an
tipathy against these meetings, and my going
was what to this moment I repent, in opposi
tion to his wishes. My fathci , as I said be
fore, was subject to strong passions t from that
instance of disobedience in me, he took a sort
of dislike to me, which I believe was one cause
of the dissipation which marked my succeed
ing years. I say dissipation, comparatively
with the strictness and sobriety, and regularity
of Presbyterian country life : for though 'the
will-o-wisp meteors of thoughtless whim, wer,e
almost the sole lights ol my path, yet early in
grained pietyaiid virtue, kept me for several
years afterwards witHin the line of innocence, '
i he great misfortune of my life was to want
an aim. 1 had telt early seme stimnirs of am
bition, but they were the blind gropings of
Homer's Cyclops round the walls of his cavf,
I saw my father's situation entailed Ota me per
petual labour. The only two openings by
which I could enter the temple of fortune, wa$
the gate of niggardly economy, or the path of
little chicaning bargain-making. The first
so contracted an aperture I never could
squeeze tnvself into it the last I always hat
edthere was contamination in the very, en
trance ( lhus abandoned of aim or view. id.
life, with a strpng appetite for sociability, aj
well from native- hilarity, as from a pride of
observation and remark ; a constitutional rath
lancholy or hypochondriasm that made me A?
solitude add to these incenlives to social life 1
mf reputation for bookish knowledge,) certain - $JM& I
wild logicical talent, and a strength of thought,
something like the rudiments of good-sense,
and it wilt not seem surprising that I was ge
nerally a welcome guest where I visited," or
any great wonder that always where two or
three met together, there was I among them.
But far beyoud ail other impulses of my hearty
was un penchant a P adorable moitiee du genre
humaine. My heart was completely tindef,
and was eternally lighted up by some goddess
or other ; and as in every other warfare in this
world, my fortune was various ; sometimes I
was received with favour, and sometimes I
was mortified with a repulse. At the plough, "'
scythe or. reap-hook, I feared no competitor,
and thus I set absolute want at defiance ; and,
as I never cared farther for my labour than,
while I was in actual exercise, I spent the e
venings in the way after my own heart. A
country lad seldom carries on a love adventure
without an assistant confidant, I possessed
curiosity, zeal, and intrepid dexterity, that re,
commended me as' a proper second on these
occasions, & I dare say, I telt as much pleasure
in being in the secret of hajf the loves of the
parish of Tarbolton, as ever did statesman in
knowing the intrigues of half the courts of Eu
rope. The very gpose-feather in my hand,
seems to know instinctively the well-worn path
of my imagination, the favourite theme of my
song; and is with difficulty restrained from giv?
ing you a couple of paragraphs on the love
adventured of my compters, the humble in
mates of the farm-house and cottagt: but the.
grave sons of science, ambition, or avarice, '
baptize these things by the name of Follies,
To the sons and daughters of labour and po-
verty they are matters of the most serious' na-i
ture ; to them the ardent hope, the stolen in,
terview, the tender farewell, are the, greatest
and most delicious parts of their enjoyments,
Another circumstance in my Jife which,
made some alteration in my mind and mant
ners, was, that I spent my nineteenth ummetx
on a smuggling, coast, a good distance from,
home, at a noted school, to learn mtnsuratiqp,.
surveying, dialling, &c. in, which J' mad j ft
pretty good pr?gr;ss. But I made a greater
progress in the knowledge of mankind.
contraband trade was at that time very suc
cessful, and it sometimes happened tft' me. to
fall in with those wb? carriedit on, iSertes
of swaggering riot and .roaring dissipation
were till this time new to vaet bp' I was no '
enemy to social life. Here, though I learnt tQ ,
fill my glass, audjto mix without 'par n