v HALKirVn, -mmtii cauouxaV TIIUIISIUY,'JUIY 5. ts7
1 ; -.X "
TIir. STAR,' ;
r trivnura tour; '
li r (Mlart per sn
mmt a smw w.wu
J! Wl ulW nk flflh- r.fil-ll
" ,, M-w li.4iKrtIlWr traefirorM
-jj'w ' t titT-6 en.t fr each rojii"
Ul i-f" t iitar t Ut
"stat tit North. Caroltmi, v
,?Hoi Ctaily. , ' v
Court of Plr ni1 Qjnrter Sesip.n
April Term. 18. - . f
r;f rXuiU) '-' Artaeliroeut letied on .1
, . weereev fVlpbr and
Ji nn C yirnplr. I cliiS I Mid Hink
t ,p k -inc to the asit'tHCtkm of tbw Court,
tV.t di-fen. lanf m,ta'K i ot n fchii"unt
cf ";'e: " ' were live Conrt
,t i.iblicttio fi h wVi lertkrlr bf
,.,:,. ni !) ftairij'i Str, fo aid dpli-ntlnt tn
..'ir ' wir ""l f oart of Pints ri'l Q-mrter
w f" 4mmtt, tlie Co Ht
Hpu i V ai!clTroiigh, on the sfetct Ntnn'tny m
llr ''it '' rfjJevT the p jwrtT m atiaclil,
nr plrt 1 to isilCj 'tPill fiiuil juiluMmt
fc.- rnti r-cl r"i hitni nd the property levlert
...liMiiiml to the nluitr!VS -wjttt. '
vj" fi Jackson. Com-niue luAt'uto it
qui-vr t ! Jrmn a titivlar Commit fr. tit
ma'ria!?", arrampnuitd Ay itociunimU ' nn i.'
p-wlir tU'rrtn tvintred.
To Klijali llftyvrsnt, Moen TDairifm, J ho.
tiws HciVkr"!"!). .Imei .N. Miller, Tlr
tmith mii1 Arthur tlemlric, Committer ' '
roi rcspcnjppc, on behalf of the Cinii!a' i
.laottiinn Commits e. , -
Uiillemen, In reply to vour noW puUY:&U.
c,l in the N:tshviJl,J!cpuh!ar mvlerNtlute
Mav 12(h, 182r,' Calling ir Mt'rw tn rer
fniii iiewnivrMer charges aeatnOen'-ral .!-trk'
jon and hi MyV. 'd, ftrtiarly the charge
ti nile irt onft wswspapef of Cincinnati,' that
"inthe tmrtiei of 7W, Oeaenl .i.-.icon
prevailed upon ;.tbe-',fe of Uw'j l?obarJi,
of Mercer ccnu'fJV Kentucky, to tttr;t her
husband :iiH''e with himsejl' in the ch'arnc.
tf r of wife," and having nh" een the evi
(Jenr; hy which tliei KOitor attempts to
supjiort t'hi charge, we jiow u!mit to vou
a succinct statement of tlie fnts attending
the separation of - Lewis uIibMs, ami lus
wife, ami the subsequent mah-iage of Mrs. K,
ttith dm. Jackson, ami. such evidence
--Jfl(mmcntas will probably be sufficient
ly satfsfactory to'the public.
Before wc proceed, it may be pmpcrto
know something of the persons Whose testi
mony is sub joined, alluded to, or quoted.
Hie character of Gen. James ISivcken
fidge, of Kincastle, Va. iff, nr doubt, w. ll
Jttiowu to yort; ills said to be high and un
spotted) he yas a' member of the Virginia
Legislature when Capt. Hubards applied for
a divorce, and one ofther.ommittce appointed
to examine hi application and report a bill,
as stated in the Cincinnati paper.' f a )
Judge Vl'Nairy, whose letter is subiVui'ed,
is the district judge of the Federal t'ourt, a
tnan of high and unblemished reputation,
whose statements may be relied on as most
accurate and incontrovertible: those who
know himt know, that no considerations
could induce him to give the slightest color
ing to any part of .his testimony. ("KJ
Mrs. Elizabeth Craighead is the widow of
the late Rev. Thos, B. Craighead, and sister
to Janes Brown, our present 'Minister-to
France, a lady of the purest character, with
a mnul highly intelligent and cultivated. ( a j
Mrs. Sally Smith, widow of OneraHUn
iel Smith, formerly a Senior iii Congress, ii
lady of unblemished character, and of excel
lent good sense., (c. )
Mrs. Mary U. Howen, widow of Capt.
William Tlowen, sister of .lien. .Russell and
tli e lute (Joh. Russell, of i ivettc county, Ky.
a in a, respectable and seni'de la'dy. 'e ')
Mr. Thomas' Cr-t--lv-r, the. Trcastire'V of
West Tennessee. whAs-i elaraCter f it V.iin
esty and veracity ib as high aiidiinqtfesttOned
as that of any man in the J ate.-.) "
Of Mi-. A. Foster, it i ony.' .rfeosary to
say that he. was, for man yeaN, President, of
the Board of our t.and Cmi'tiifi'Hieri one
of the most honorable and.cortect men of
our country, (m.) "
Of Judge Overton's character, we need
nay nothing; the testimony i' no person.has
been resorted to, where there could be any,
the si (j litest, question ra..v 1 as to their char
acirr". ' " ' '...."''
In making the invesf.gat'on you yished,
we have met with some difficulty and delay
on account of the great length of time since
the ti.cts occurred, and that the public mind,
for a great many years, in thh country, had
erased to think on this subject. At the time
When Mr. liobards separated from Jhis wife,
applied for a divorce, obtained it, and Gen
eral Jackson married hen when U the facts
were fresh and distinct public lopjnion was
formed, and the cotemporaneous judgment
Of the society, in'which thos?, persons resiiled,
came to a Hear and decisive result iij their
favor. There, did not existven an injurious
suspicion with regard to their previous con
duct; to the justice of this judgments thirty
even years' of domestic peaces and useful
virtue. have given a sanction Which , must
operifte upon every candid and" generous
mind, with irresistible power." But notwith.
landing all thes difficulties, e believe that
e are able to present to you a correct his
tory of those transactions; ,u ; ,'..t- .
In the summer or. fall tf 1788, Mrs, Ro
tarda was compelled by her husband, Capt
Robards; who then resided 5n Mercer eoun
'y Ky. to leave him; ahd to seek a. home
with her mother. Mrs. Donelson, a widow la-
iy,! living .about ten miles from Nashville, in,
Tennessee. ,- t Dat Mrs. Kpnaros was ctmtueu
f t tins Wtnel bv her. husband to leave him, is
proven; by judge Overton's testimony by ,
, wn Kay anct by Mr. 0n wcumnisj tua
the was an injured' and, innocent woman, of
f iost irreproachkbia cnaracter ana conciuc,
wproyen by ; the same persona, and by Maj.
Thomas Allen and Cflpt. Joha MeauxitU)
cpt. ltobards himself acqutU her,, and ad
mitted tha his 'suspicions were unjust. (J.)
nthe spring or summe of 1789' Judge
Ovenonand Gem Jackson became hoarders
Mrs, Donnelson's when Gen Jackson first
aw Mrs. Hobards; in the same spring for gum
nr, Capt. Hobards, and his wife became
-conciled, and lived together atuev mother1
fVI . j .? J.l.-i .-...7..,'.-,.
vm. uoneisnn.) ie. s , t
a Appendix no
1. b n, 2. rffw.S. , c no
e no. X
m no. 12.
I, U9H. I i,
nnn.i (, lJi,
9, 1J &
1 " mWbe "' C?.,
now n arcn rkmt T &. h'Ufc
ipn'Oii jpart of ih sibjl U1 qj
turn ratra if Jude Otert on. , r W .
yt:VMt utWit account r irrevalj
tacts riMC trmns:ire4 about tHat tiine. llel
fcr -nnt W moot as latsed Wfirr Rtv.
fcanla bersfv leakw of Jvckvm, vfcteti "I
felt COfcfKbt' a WRjMMtttk feMtlTTWMM.
om of hi irrnating uemtiMi m this
nbjeet witr his w'.fr, I heard amidst the
tears of Lrrvlfaod htr vwiher, who wrr
iraatly Cir.teL I wyrd to,.'.Hrd Oi
nmanbMes of Ji's tgndict, after the paws
I had taken to produce harxony, as a mutual
friend of ivth families, and my. hoaeat on
wction that itia euipicioo wrra grondU-.
Tiiee rr mimtrnc afvme4 otrto htve
the desired efTecl. as' much eonMHotion and
unhappirss pretaiUxl fn tn family, a in
thut of Mrt Hobards in Kentucky, At length
I oommunicated to Jaclmon tht nnplrasant
situation of living hj a fmiTv jvhere there
tfaano much dislttrOMKe, wid concluded,- by
telling Vim, that we would endeavor 10 get
rmr other plsoeto this he readily assrnted,1
but where to- go we dl I not know. Bewig
eonseious of his lnooence, be said, that he
would talk to Rohards; '"Wlm pasted be
tween Capt Jtoha'tfV an'facktrnvf do
not know, as I wai tbu-qtsome wbere.not now
recplJetfed, when tl- convervdion and re
wifts tnok jilace, but returned soon afer
wari, . TV whole affair was rn)aed to me
by Mrs llnirUrMi (the moher. of Mr. Ho-S.-irtK)
audas . ell as I rt collect, by Jackson
hinweif. T!)e s ibstauce f their, account
tha 'it. Muon met Cpt. Robanls
nrxrthe -.'i i '"7i-e, and brjran mildly to
re;mnv : ,' r'l) lum, respecting the injus
' e '.(: 'f ju d fi'i 'vifr a well as himself.
, : -itijt -Jtuljaftls .Wetfame violently an.
' . ,fwpc", ati ttbratctml to whip Jack
. .iide, l,qw of V.omr ,, c Jackson
' h"c,iie-hH fiot4oddy st cngth to fight
' ' . ! ali'ild he dn si, fEefng conscious
I' t-'s ;nie.'cf, 'td fetttrned to 'hleabin,
1 lellit'tr hi:n a time time, th-it'-if he-in-,j
h,jv;:i i,t outd girihim gentje
;r':i"ly 'i 'i r . words to that effect,
i X' '! I .- '; !n' return out of "ho house,
'''n. '.ivd-said) that he did not eare for
; !iiji n r his wn, abiisniaf tliem both -tht
.h(- tvs determined not, to live with -irs. Ito
l,i'.'.. ..lack'souretiredjfroni the family, add
... ni o t.ve at -aiiskeraa'atiou. Capt. lib
t i(X riiiained several months with his wife,'
and hen went to Ke ritcfey.ln company' with
Mr, Thumss Crutdier, and probably some
other persons " "; , " V -.i ., .:
So. fiir n 've have been able to ascertain by
inquiry, this is the only terca.tion thtt ever
took place between .Gen. Jackson and Capt.
Robardsj ttf. Cfutehef savv" I never heard
of Gen. JacHson and Capt. Hobards havinganv
quarrel of -rnisunderstandme ':t he one, nor
do I believe thev overdid." (.) '
This difference or .quarrel, wasv in asser
tion of the injustice, (as declared by Gen.
Jackson;) of Capt. Itobards' suspicions against
him: G.-n. Jaekson seems hTcnediaiely to
have left Mrs. I)onelson's; Capt, R)b(rds and
his wife lived together several months after
wards, in apparent harmony (m.) t
Ii the month of May or .Tone, 1790, Captain
Robards left Mrs. Oonelson's to go to Ken.
tncky in company with Mr. Thomas Crutch
er, with the owwerf intention'-of returning
and settling in Mrs. Donc'son's neighborhood,
rhich had been made one of the terras of
reconciliation by Mrs. R. though ra his de.
termination appears'to have; been never to
return or live with his wife again, but to de.
sert.'her for ever; (n.) and n fact, never did
return or see het again. For this part of
the testimony we refer you to Mr, Cmtcher's
statement.- 'i '" ' , '
. frs. Hobards lived at her mother's during
the whole of the summer and (all of 1790, or
perhaps occasionally at Col -Hays' who had
married her sister. ,,In. December, 1790,
t while Mrs. ftobards was living at her mo
ther's, where Capt, Robards left her on his
departure For Kentucky,) apt. l?obards ap
Tilied 6 the Legislature ;-of Virginia for a di.
i rtrce, upon the allegations that his wife had
.deserted him, &c. upqq, which, the Legisla
ture authorised a judicial inquiry,' and a di
vorce, 'iffound true. , "
Vh,etTc?i' the suspicions of Capt; Robanls at
this period.were just, and whether Gen. Jack
son had iij'fured i'apt. Robards in the htanner
which his jealousies suggested, are faqt as to
which, we, will presenyoy with such cirCuim
gtapco! testimony and conclusions, as we can
obtain or arrive 'it: '','.' ' .
Here we wilK remark, that if true,, it is a
charare which should be affiirmatW'tly proven
byrleai' evidence of specific facts. Those
who make the' charge, rely on the act uf the
Legislature of Virginia.the legal proceedings
in Kentucky, with the uubsequent acts of
the' General an'd Mrs. Jackson. The decree
of Mercer countj cnur and what loccured
subsequently to the act of the Lep!ature Of
Virginia, shall be considered presi ntjy, . ... ,
That Capt, Robards, was lealous or suspi.
clous, would probably weigii but little, as he
was predisposed that way, x seems to have en
tertained those feelings long before, in a most
violent degree; most Unjustly. 1 That the Let
gislatpre of Virginia passefl the act, whic,ft has
been referred1 to, .will pot probably be consi.
dered in any degree as tending to prove the
justice of the charge against Mrs.. R. by her
husband, because the Legislature clearly was
not satisfied of the truth of any charge mado,
and referred it to further inquiry by a court;
but of tjjis you will be satisfied by reeorrencc
to General Breckenridge's letter, of which'
we will here quote a part. '-.; I was a member
of the Yircrtnia Iesrislature' in the -session of
17901' when- petition was presented in befjalf
of Mr. Robards for a thvorce. lie was saivt
to be H resident in one of; the counties
ofthe district of Kenlucky, then a part of Vir
ginia. It Was, I believe, the second instance
of an application for a divorce that had been
madeto the Legislature; very certainly the se
cond, that I had been called upon to vote. I
was a young man at that time, and the deep
impression, made ou my mind was, the nov
elty and the importance of the cast, combined
with the interest which IfcH tn behalf of the
female concerned--remain with great dis
tinctness!'. Mn Hobards vas' represented to
be a1 man of vile wild habits, and harsh tern
per, Ui wife Jpvtly and htvmeitt in her dispo
sition and deportment; so Cruelly treated by
her husband as to make a wparatmn necessa
ry to he Jiappinessj It was" under iinpress
iuns prcduced by aatate cf facts like tliese,
that I voted for a judicial inquiry on the sub
ject, which I always understood eventuated in
f Mri Uofjarda alleged incbnlinency in
his wife as it ground of divorce, and 1 rather
think that he did,- I am.-very sure that 1
thought her i;wcf, and that tny vote was in
tended to liberale her, as the injured party .J
e AlfentH no.
fi. I; i
6. m Hit. 6, H. n nrni. 6, Id
U aJ taYK WVwBl trt'rmr:'4tmih4 te'sfesewaat th tw ik Col
auntiu ia M-k iwmIiIm . m
h elccttl. m t tM kd-i efrapt
tbttW aad e cWni ada a
pumtC.. Jaekaoiw' . .. . i ,
niigq,iiciini nim,iii i vncicai ana
ma fonfi.lcntl mfimacy with him, states.
bis soVmn, elear behei, that Mrs. R. a is no ,
ent, and nut nnhiatly Mwpected,- that tch
was the twsuK of h' own ebervmtioa, and
sue! were, al all timts, the t4fnn ajaevers.
tK of General Jackson during t't period,
smlat a1 times since fpj- 'Mrs Crajrhrad.
Mra.9tittta.anil M nowen had ih beatov
porttmiries at 'twLnnr correct In in aneakivr
of Kn. R's conduct duriue the period which
elapsed from the time she came from Ken
tucky, and of the in justice of U's suspicions,
Mra.'C ssyi, M ha no tirsitatUjn in vtating
It as my firm belief, that his (Capt. It's) sua.
picioos were entire!; fxindhrsai no lady e
rer conducted herself in a more becoming
manner, during the whole f that period; I
hat -lived within a few miles of Mrs.!Jk
aon's ever since that time, (with the excep
tion of khotit two rears,) and have been inti
mate with her, and ean sav, that AO lady main,
tains a better character, or is mce ese'mplarr
In her deport inetil, nr more beloved by her
friends and neighbors Cq.J . ,
Xtrs. Smith ys, ''an the circumstances at
tehdinn this rupture, I cannot attempt to S'ate
with much particularity at thia lal dav; hit
it .is hardly possible, considering tbe free and
utrservel mrercotirsf that prevailw a
mongsi all the respectable classes of people
here at that time that an incident of this kind
should occur withi-.t being fully indgener
ally known; and that every "rterson should
roncur in the same- views nrtnn its character,
without the best reasons. In lids transaction,
Mr Hobards alone was Ceiisureil. and 1 never
heard a respectable man-or woman in'i'pste,
thst 'he conduct of bis wifediffered from that
ofthe most prudent andvirtinusf-uvdiv tJen.
Jackson hoarded at the time in Jhe hoiis of
Mrs. Donelson, and it was the ciimnton belief
t'at Ins character and standing, added to hi
engaging f.-i-rh"."' nt u. erh
1np th:? t:. ' ii' r Roliaifls, addtot'
t 4 i Hj was. i riofiH habits ar.d the most
eidalataspicions ' f r.J - :VA;
Hre Bowen savs. " in this trsnsictton, frei
feHnq1 to the ies'ousy of Rnhard-i and h?s last
separation trom in wite.l I "'an sai-'v ssv,
from mvlnHmacv wih both M. none:onJ
and her daughter; Mm.-Robards. as weft w
Genl Jackson, that not the least censure
ought to be thrown upon aviv orrson hut Mr,
Robanls. When the rircumstanee s happen
ed this was the language of a'l the county,
t id I never heard, until now, that then' was
anv person living who had, fi-im a hna-aifiliff
of the fnrt ener'ained a different oninion.
eeept Mr. Robards h'mse!1'. n whnsr'weak
and childish d'snos'tion I think the Whole af
fair originated." (.: . '
, From this testimony, concurring with the
testimony of all tire other perns whose
statements are' subjoined for vonr eiranvtia
tion, thet'e seems to he butane possible com
elusion -that the chartremade on rn Jack
son was unfounded, and Mrs Jar ksnn perfect
ly innocent; but of this, vou and the public
will juUte, and perhaps more satisfacton' up
on seeing thn further progresi of this affair
and the testimonv connected wi'h it
Some time in the month pf. Januarv, 1791,
Mrs Robards descended theriverto Natche,
under the protecion of Col. Stark,' an old and
respectable gentleman, Gen, lacksnn aeoom
paitied Col."Stark and Mrs. Rohartls to Nateh
ez, and so soon as Gen. Jaekson saw them
saftdv landed ,at Natchez, he immediately re
turned to Nashvillewas at the May Superi
or Court, and attended to business as Attorney
General, Mrs. Robards, during her res i.'ence
in the neighborhood, lived principally in
the family of Col. Tho. Green, and Col.Bruen,
families as highly respectable as any in that
country. The causes of this journey bv Mrs,
Robards, and the .reasons which induced Gen,
Jackson to accompany Col. Stark, we . will
give literally in the language of the testimo
ny of Judge Overton, and Mr. Crutcher.
Judge Overton says, w some time afterwards,
during the winter of 1791, Mrs, Donelson
told me of. her .daughter's intention to go
down the river to Natchez, to some of her
fritnds, in order to keep out the way of Capt,
Robards, as she said he had threatened to
Aunf" her. Knowing, as I did, Capt. Ro
bards' unhappy jealous disposition, and his
temper growing out or it, I thought that she
was right to keep out of his way; though do
not believe that I so expressed my self to the
old ladv, or any other person." . : f
" The whole affair gave Jackson great tin
easiness and this will not appear strange to
one as well acquainted with his chararier as 1
was: continually together during our attend
ance on wilderiess courts', whilst other vourtg
men were indulglngln familiarities with fe
males of relaxed morals, no suspicion of this
kind ofthe world's censure, ever fell to Jack
son's share In this in his singularly delicate
of honor, and in what I tho'ughl, his t
ch-.nlmna . nhhHnnf thKfemale. e. It 1
alwavq orrurred to me." that' he Was disfin.
guishable from every other person with whom
I was acquainted. . ' . "
About the time of Mrs"., Donelson' com
munication to me respecting her daughter's
intention of going to Natchez, ! perceived in
Jackson, symptoms of more than usual con
cern. I determined to ascertain the cause,
when he frankly told me, that he was the most
unhappy of men,' in having innocently, and I
unintentionally; been the cause ot the loss or
the pedce and happiness of Mrs Robards,
whom he believed to' be a fine1 woman. . In
this I concurred with him, but remonstrated
upon the propriety of his not, giving himself
any uneasiness ahout,it It was not long after
thfs.before he communicated to me his inten
tion of going (o Natchez with Col. Stark, with
whom Mrs . -Robards was to descend the river
sayitig that she' had no1' friend ,or relative
that would go with her, or assist in preventing
Stark, his family, and Mrs,. Robards from being
massacred by the Indians; the il tit a state of
war, and exceedingly troublesome, A ccord
Ingty, Jackson in company w ith Miti; Robards
and 'Col. Stark; venerable ' and highly es
teemed old man, and friend of, Mrs. hobards,
went down the riser from Nashville to Natch
J ez, some time in the winter or spring of 1791.
n was itoi, noweverj wuiioin. mc urgent en
treaties of Col Stark, who wanted protection
from the Indians, that Jackson consented to
accompany them, of which J. had heard, be
fore Jackson's conversation with me, already
tended to,'' j Jlr, Catcher .say Capt, Rob
ai ds never, to my knowledge,-returned to
West Tennessee, or what , was then called
Ctfmberland It was reported, however, that
htf threatened to com and take his, wife t
Kentuckyimlcompel,her,to Hre-therei. She,
as well as all her friends, .was very much Op
posed to this, and in order place herself be
yqtid his reach, as I understood at the time
, -fcJ i-ui ,tilr
fw. 13. q m,fl. r no. 4. no. 5i '4
Stack's p"ekMi ta Kttetira, H was hs
ri'r, hf fwrlMip Jarmtry.beweCol.tta'k
euU get ent:thhi farnilvj Gen. Jartsoa
aVi wep alog; a,t afiev they kiklej at
Sai cites, im ,eral nturacvl v lint ceu-
Uf Cfc) - v . - .,
Id the winter or apriog of 1731, infurnwktioa
was yrcoirH at JCaaiU that Cant Robaids
hwl obtained. divorr fhw tkta Le4laiwe
of Wgimas lh was the belief of all persona
m tht 0O4'try. Vr. Crete her aava, I do w
ktiw how t hi In formal ion rrK-he I h eonn
try, but It sraj generally .'indeed, believ
univenaJly, reBed on as beipg correct"
Judei Ovrrtoa'a arirouitt is snbtnt'.ally the
same, and further, that in the auianwr of 1791,
he was in Kentucky, remained p'artof hit time
told Mrs. liobrtla',fc iwvev understood other
wise than Uiat Capt, tiibrds' dioro was fi
nal ttnvl the latter part of tbe year 1790, (a.)
Of the strength and universality thisnpintofl,
theh: can H m doubt, fpon the receipt and
general belief of thia Information, Gen. Jack
sob, in July r August, 1791, returned to
Natches In compaoy with Mr. David Ura
driek marrietl Mr, liobards, ami returned in
September 1791, to J'ahvitle with her., . . , .
These txaaactiona, would seem, under the
ctrtumat ance accompanying llitm, to require
no connent, and could not fairly be subject
to misconstruction, when the -eha'acter of
Gen Jackson and the coMuct and character
of Mrs. Jackson are in the slightest degree
understood and appreciated; but we will a
gain call your attention to such testimony, as
will be entitled to the greatest and most "con
clusive weight in public eatimaiitwa. ,
We cannot do uiatic to Judge M'Nairy's
testimony,' but by using his own M orda .
Gen, Jackson & rays. If have been acquaint
ed more than forty years, 1 think 44 or 45
years; part of th tine we lived together, and
the balance in the0 immediate neighborhood
of each other. We moved together from
North Carolina to this State, and-arrived at
Nashvilh in October 1783.
Not long if?r e came here, I as inform
ed that tri. , Wksun and her then huand
liad bti vp:iriiel in the State of Kentucky.
kiew Gen. Jackson had never seen her un
lit this time, sn l I do no think for some time
afterwards. About '.his time I was informed
that Robatds and 'ii wife were living very un-hapnily-af
htft idowed mother's. The'pub'.
lie report and impression, I trav, was, thai
Robards was treating her cruelly, hy charges
toa"J n-'wii jealou imagination alone.
" As"to the particular facts, which took
place, that produced the second separafjan I
have no knowledge of my own I can only
Speak f what was the prevailing opinion at
the tirne a Rut this, much, I can say, with as
much phsitiveness ss any man tisiv when
speaking ofjRnother. that from, "mv1 particu
Isr acquaintance with, him, I believe Gene
ral Jackson was, at any period of his life,
incapable of seducing 'any, man's wife from
him " ' - ,
"I haveknqwn Vtrs. Jackson for nearly for
ty years. No woman, for that time, has sus
tained' a more irreproachable oharaeter than
she has; hospitable, kind, and charitable.
The evening pf her days was hastening to a
close, m much peace ami comfort.1' (a.) .
'i.We will also trouble vqii with quotinir from
the testimony of Mrs. Smith, on Account of its
Own weight, and more particularly as giving
the sentiments and opinions ofthe Rev. Thus.
U. Craighead, known to most literary divines
as oneot the ablest anri most enlightened cler
gymen in the Unfted States; Vnoji'llto all.his
acauaiiitauee as a most pious and good man,
and one who . had the best opportunity to
judge correctly or tne true character ot those
transactions, and of Gen. Jackson and Mi &
Jackson. Mrs, Smith states, " Mri Robards had
not been long gone from, Tennessee when
information was received "here, that he had
obtained a divorce from his wife. ' Whether
this informatioii ,'came by ' letter," or bv
newspaper from Virginia, addressed to my
husband, I cannot now eay with ctrtainty,
but I think by the latter. ' It was after this
information came, that Gen.' Jackson married
Mrs. Robards; and I recollect well the, ob
servation of tha Rev. Mr, Craiirheiid in tela-
t on to the marriage; it was, 'hat it w'as a hap-
pv change. -.tor Mrs. Kohards, and highly ere
ditable to 1en. Jackson, who, by this act of
his life, evinced his -own magnanimity, a
well as the puritv and innocence of' Mrs.
Robirds) and such was fheseniiment of all
my acquaintances. .' 1 t ,'
vt" Since" this period, 1 luvelived Wilhin a
few miles of Mrs., Ja'.kscn, and have never
been acquainted with adailv niore enemplarv
in her deportment, or one to whom a greater
share of the. respect and regard of friends
and acquaintances not be awarded" tb. ) '
' The testimony -of Judge Overton, Mr,
uvutcner, sir. AtiTnotty roster, and others,
accompaiiying this letter, proves substantial!)'
the same. V .' ' i
; In the .fall of 1 793; Cen. Jackson for the
first tiniev understood -that the act of the
Legislature of .Va only nuthorised a judicial
inciuirv and decree of divorce, ahd that, such
PloceedinEs .hld beenHaken- in the Mercer
quartet! ?srsston court, an that w
M11 beep granted iu Sept, 1793,
then, inj-Jaiiuafy, 1794, maificd again to Mi
jacKSMin. ,,. ,
Of this judicial procecdipg and decree,
it Jwill only be necessary to remark, that we
hare' given you such 'evidence as will satisfy
you of the ' trite state of the facts, and the in
nocence of Mrs.' Jackson; such as shews that
this proceeding ''.was ;entirely ex parte, vaud
wbout any knowledge ofitby Mi-s Jackson
or en. JacHson; that al th time when the
offence was charged ' in thepetitipn to have
taken place. Vim July 1st, 1790 Mia Robards
was living at her mother's, where Robards had
left, tier and . where he had ptomised to re
turn to her. Hut in addition to all this, we
have the strongest reasons to believe that
Hugh M'Gary, the only 'witness who seems
to have' beeu'introduced on that inquiry, n--ver
saw. Genv and ' U'...JckBonitcgcther,
until .the mpnth otjSept, I79V after iheir
marriage-"atjlatchez, when they were living
together as muniexl persons, in the' most fair,
honest,' and innocent belief' that "they weie
lawfully, joined? in wedlock." Jlngh M'Gsry
came through the Indian country trom Match
es to Nashville, at this same time and in the
same company in which jiGener'al and! Mrs.
Jackson came, in Sept, 1791,' and eirumstan.
ces then occurred calculated to. exdite in M'.
Gary a stronger 1 feeling of dislike towards
lien.' Jackson, which it is . unnecessary . to
detail, as ..they ' K'lsted mlefy to a meditated
kttack, by the Indians, -,,,'.,.
llte petition for di voire seem not to htve
been filed until the fall ofl792-i-tt:d gep.
1793,' andthereda much greater probability,
upon an exparte hearing, that the tcatiniotiy
off Hush M'Gary was not very accurately ap-
plied, .or confined to the allegations jn the
declaration,' . than fihat he swore tflat whicti
was untrue; wliich must have been the ease
f : 13, ft.1 n no.l.l, ya no 3.
bd h'm iriJsart agreed U1 tW dltaratMSu .
W e fca jmw, gvntkMea, la4 ber o
th beta eecstsl vwxb GewenJ Jaehtoa'a -
of bia JaJy. Mock., mw -tomimmuy mM
nt aeew pooueed, if MsesMrr, prwitg
th. m,m U mntuUf, Im.i , o-.r rit M ,,'y
i) ne ha., snt wob wa rflctingf.Vw fr,rt-w vraJ M OwHv,,
.tk t).S. wtiKh we prt-senteJ. Th the mMl Mr Jack, a4 '.miN. r.v ,
aily for thia ctnirst. the mentors fthia Cos, and smied tba n-nt, vn. W a
pwttet ba fJt with deep rryerV oux, rrmaesaw. . sm Hi" il
rc.d hem, caaot b VtoprMd that , Auwi'v UwUw I r f' wrtl " ,
this regret, should wamW basmoosiace .-"J"' ' i:t- bad a inn w f V ,
"e of t lve aMncialed with General "'J?''0" - about Mf-nty ve, ..
Jackaua and kit f.n.Uy for mor, than tWrtyi, J,a3 5r;,'?U,r !
Ifcinag Ihrse perwa. srw aad fcrmlwa' Vh.ehst if 1 Mrs li 'otlo 'Ha ,' '
have met xir d..nguuhed eountryman, and 'mmW of M-a. J Uw, watf with m a.Meui4i( .
hm pumi charitable and amiable Mt, in the' and kr suwtm h svMtjty aa tfviortn t'a .
most elevated ranks of society. In this pro-' of o niher K n tkaaaant-r., Sbo r peof-d
tracted scries of year we lisve seen M'rH gra wkl : h lived, and uird i the h-pe
comroanuiBg tno respect or all men, awl (lie . w- '-aurr, f
eothushstic tUchment of"hls frirads. v3 ? M's. JarUan.lhew Mrs. R
we Uv aeciu desrrving and enjoying the i leoia Keatak
and, tht nquaUbe4. and eaatted regar.1 of
th boooralle moral, and religious tneo of)
our country. '. 4 ' J , I
Tho result 'of.tli's inquiry must placet' j
character' cf Mrg Ja. kson upon that baa
where it has tefled for nearly forty years,' in
incaocicr wiR'tc ice n is uve anq eeh oeat
knowp. It must show. f Jckm In tb!
part, of bis history, sustaining that high char-'
acterfot honor and magnanamity, which has
distinguished his course through' life, '
To the honorable and high mimled politi
cal opponents of Ce.ii. Jackson, tliia result
will bo received with great pleasure such
persona must,,at all tiire, have viewed this
attack itb pain and rtissatisfaqtion. ' '
, . .- .. . B. C. FOSTER, , ,
. . , '. Chairman pro tenx. j
v., , " JloKtrt ffbyte, .
- v , : rrhtirton -'
- , "Danltl frrnhmn, , .
. jyULL Brown, s.
, ' "jP'hpctrd Hard,
II Hi-.. Lewis, ,
' fidix Robhsont ,
' ' ' Jno.y Shelby,
. ri Jnurth fticol, t
Jit, Catron, . . 1
Nelson Pattersok, Secretary,
TThe-' undersigned has not signed or acted
on this subject tor tho envious reason that
his ' testimony has been given and used.
tt , JOHN M'NAinV. '
I have not. signed, it for the same reason
1 , v ,..') JXO. OVERTON,',
! I NO.; J.J vf '!. nn
: ' fe ": -rjHcutttt; April 8,1827 -Dear
8m--Ij have had the honor of le.usiv
nor your tetter of the 28'h ult; and hasten to :
say, in reply , to It, that it Is' utterly out of my ;
I'wwqi w give vu wiwi t.t;ui MiVj me papicu
la . facts and circumsiancet in detail of the
transaction alluded to,' ' Such traces of them,,;
however, as a lape. of near forty years, has
left upon mv memory. I will state with area I
nt.jir. . ... . . .f.
pleasure. . "-..', r i
I was a member ot the Vlririoia Legislature. .
. .. I ' .
... .. , .. , rj.'l'v,1"""!' i
liracuTH im ui iiu uf a twr. ' nooaros tor,
divorce. lie. was said to be a resident in one
of the counties of the District of Kentuc ky,
men a paii oi irgima- it; was, b-.-heve
the second instancef an application for a
divorce that had been made to' the Legisla
ture; very certainly the second that 1 had
been., called upmv to wtr.'.i l was a young
man at that 'time, .and the deep impression
made on my. Vnind waa the novelty and Im portance
of the 'case,', combined ' with , the,
interest which I felt in bebalfof the female
concerned-remin witli irreat diatinctnes.
Mr. Robards was represented to be a man of
vi i e nvu'i n'toiis ana uarsn semper, ana- Ills
wife lovely and blswlcsa in hor disposition
ami deportment, artd so cruelly j treated by
her husband as to make a sepiration ticcen.
sary to her happiness. It was under impress
ions produced by , state of facts like these t
that I voted for a judiciallnquiry on the sub
ject, which 1 always understood eventuated
in a diorse, , , ,' 4, , .
If Mr. Kobarda alledgrd inconsistency in
bis wife, as a k round, o! divorse, (nd I rath
er think that he. did,) am very sure that I
thoitght her Innocent, and Jhat my vote was
intended to liberate her, as tbe injured par
ty. ). , y a .v, T"
" Since Gen. .Tacksoh has becom lo'dUtlh
guished ; militsr'y pian, I have understood
that Jus wile is the same, Mrs. Robards, of
whom ' I have been speaking, and 1 very of
ten, when that," subject has been referred to
in conversation, given the same account of it
that you got,, from Dr. Sim'.a coming from
me I now rejoice that I have m an agen
cy in enabling Mrs. Jackson Ho", form" new
alliance witft soldier. Who ftroucrlv arinre.
dates Jier worth, and treat her1 with that
generous feeling;' which js due to the best
portion of our race. ;'"",. , f
W itu much esteem, &c. I am your obedient
servant MMia IJHECKESRIDGB
; f . No. -a. , ,
,'-'-,' VV"flsAWVW J 7th, 1827.
I)ias Siai You desired ne to statc-miv knowl
edge mid opiniun of the prirate character of Gen
erai iacKsou, as it itifcij ins couuuel In hit
connexion and hitei-nuirince Willi Mrs, Jackson.
General Jackson and mvselfliave been acquaint-
ed more than, forty yearn I think 44 or is years;
part of the tinie vte lived together, and tho bal
ance ia the immediate nuighliowliood of eauli
other: M e moved together trom ISdrth Carols
na to this state, and arrived at Nashvilltiin Oi
tobrr, I7SH. '. v',-l:
Not long after we eame here, I was informed
that Mrs. Jackson . and her then biliaiul hs!
been seniunled In the Ktate 'of Kemuckv. I
know Geo. Jackson Itsd.never cen herv until j
tin mire, bl uw iu)v. iioniw iw aontw unie miiuih
ards and lus wif'.werolivin!!' verv uidiamiilr at .
W widowed motlier'v:, TJe public rt'iioiland
iiijircwivti,.! umi, ivdunrnn was iiTu,i
11117 licr . viut:ii, , ii.
jealous hwaghuttion i
As to. tiHt -psi wuiar
Uiut pronuueu tlie
knc-wleilge of iuj: oit I ancnly hieakof what
was tne prevailing opinion at tliu timo. t ljut tin
niuthlnx! say, with as much posmveneis at any
kimu-ai attentions of her frmalt
tunigrriunnutii is iip owu ( pvnti o poor n uitis, auoiKTefl as ne was, to i. t
ilone. .. i, , ' l eious habits. and the most ehttdlsh lmsn5Win
-seeon" senuration. 1 hne no Tennessee. w!ie.n yiformation wss recnivett tn
i, heti speaking ,ot mother, that from band, I cannot now say with certainty, 'but I think' -tienlar
' teiiuuumnpn, a Mh Mm; I Jietieve ;'bv the latter.-v -It was after thia tnfor qtion taina 1",
Jaeksoii' was at any period of his lile,) that General Jaekson marrlei) "Mn. KoUrdsC " '
IncapsLIe oP seducing any man's wife, from bim,
v Ihaie kuon Mrs, Jaekson lor nearly forty
years. No Wirfnsn, for that time, has sustained
a more irrenrosulmlile, eharsiter limn 'she lm
hotiihable, tind, aad ... isharitableV'' The.vtning
of itieK days was liustening U ,'eIose in .much
peace and tomfort, , , , ' ' . - ' 1 '
I do 'iluulk il s'irwt and nnmatilyto jlrsg
her before b pnl.li :,f,f in the piifdie, nrmts:
it would ntnkc a very oic'rai: eat jnstirr it.
S". raoer. Pvi- .
, , Nv
wiel "CM -a. C.
kcaL aiof I't Jtevi Ti
.t I o. -V it..
' ttfaeariCr lha West ltwr l.;te-'
oliards, u bcon jiit . t
r hr f o 61 her r
,1 : r Z.' ) " 7?t"T. Z""r
f , srrj resjHM.V:ij
rftW " rf' ,M. ,V, waa 4 .
wad nUa man of j-alons ir..nuiii, and sirione ;
habks'i This wa ,sS.t-uj-i bvaha as;ileinnaM
h entertained of the liirotHir amiduet his , . ,
wife. ' i ib tin she IiwhI bha.at h ;
'rise oi bis mother, m henincar, an muto-t ot .
tho na.ne jf Sbvt, alia omrll with the old la . .
dr. J With -regard 1 Ihe uuhappy diff irnea
whk tnok pi-fee W-tweeir Roli:ir1 mi Ms wife, , '
It as hnlir red I bat it aroae frem die eirourasfAnee
f Shirt's living in the mm family wiih Mrs Rro-
ardi, and showing her pertups a liUle nrire thttn-i -ordinary
politeneasw.- Mr. Jsmo Hrowti, mv bro-
ther, wha is now a) TarU, it Frn came to $ .
thia country shortly after Mrs. Moharnfs rnil
from Kentucky i and, speaking of her, deeu'y t
grj-tted her minC-tiines. Ilrt said tht n" Vn .
tiered her W bo aehmtP'Snd rtrtijons woirtn, '-'A
and gv4 as a reaaoii fr thinking so, that he as
Mimalff-with ; Mr. Short, and had fnveTfl i
with hitn partienlm-ly with respect tr Mm, f jb i '
arl-hit,he assure bin as the stmn'e if ndv
moat snh-nia tcrmi, Mix'nhw-ds was wir
thy, virtnnus woman, and that fh atspfchas . tf ,
her husband were entirely (lanPjunfJed,r4'jnl,'
and tmgmtMrnua, ' ' .. '"' ' , ..: . ' -
Mrs Rnbanls after having been driron frm :
hW tiinthnr-ui-law's fir tho enirl treatm-nt, of,"
herliushand, Capt. RohanU, "lived with her tf-
thr, ; Mrl VDotielsim, tleversl years, nnd ( ;
ducted herself with the Kehtest prnpnetv, n .
tli i'ly withdraw log herself frm nil plsees of ph
lio (amusement, such -as balls, parties, He".
bout two 'Jrears after his wKV left ,teftnnl!V .v,ti
btir's rami tn this enHnlrV IV the purpose of bo ,
iu5 l-eeAtirilcdf to her.' lie made every ncknorU ? 3f ;
edg"n"nt, and appeared to hen;' . 'nr :
his psst oondunt, ststinjc,1. as 1 .' 1 the ' .
time, that ho did nit blamn. his n'
him, and ciniln'j tolivts.wilh her t
lv afler his ariirnl.ihv thehit' ,
I friends and aeiintaiiecs,' he i.
wmii mm, (m uoiL'jin .n unit iiu vj . s
sulfin her .mother's neighborhood, t which he
gave his consent, and actually puiuliased a trtrtt,
tfland. Ktti'T thrv'.brcsme iwonneiled, V'rs. .-
Uwidson,' f . (he first lime, took InM her Wtse: , Z ,
as lvnuHfers. si'-v-rsl vounof aenth'rnon. thi-re hiv n
lug then tow, if any" regular, boarding hnnecs pr -"
inverns, aruong wiiom wuit,iumv jvenon Hiia ?
Gen. Jackson I laving sgreed to live together, Uo- -j.
bsnl went hsek to Kwituekr for the puiivttr 'fl
i moving.iim property in umwmniry,: upon nia,
. ... (t. l .. ...... ..... ., ., -
ivilrn. -bnvlliir hflnft TAHl .Tar.lcsoii in lb, tu.ivjltf '
jus caltustes appeatvd to revives I'hU wwW,
i fu'iiv paitiipiy uuiunevfj tuwania t.ent jaca-
Fsoo,' iu coniioaiienoe,": I .suppose, of his y,
rightly -..disposition, snd oourteous manners;
if""" ,nT jqwuntatiee ,.witlt .Mr. Jackson,' I
V":a y,na. " my-tusa beJ
Ui "i miapirinns were enmiy (troiinfl-,
V(. ' , --..i..,,,, i,iriA ,.,.'
v..,. ' ... -L.i.t ,,., :;.7TV"
in.i,ivt,, kiiimi vr,T ii-inr till,, HDF'
me. , i navo uveu, witnin a iew,mues ot :lr
TJackcnn ever Sin" thiw
luho. I with the mt-rt- . '.
tion of ahtmt two yesr.J anil have, been iuH'tlats'.-
whh her, and can W that no "ladv mintains a & i
deportment, or more beloved by her fiuouds ami '"'
neighbors. V ' "- , -,' - r
., -' ELftA PETTI CRAIGllfeAD, " ' .
Spring Hill, 9d Devs.', IStfO. - .'. ,
J V. i?t tri addition ta what ha been stated 'tJ
hove. It was my understsiulihg, ahd the tinder
standing, ) believe,, ofthe settlors generaHv, that -on
the application of C'npt. -Roburdv the )ts ' ,
lature bf Virginia divorsed hint from his wife-
and I never heard any tiling to the sontrart 0n-"
til lately -s .'..,ry ,' . -j i ' ,
- The ststement of Mrs,' Smithy widiw of Gt;n, jl
Daniel, .iSinith, formerly the. rprpentstiw ef v 1
Tennessee in the Senate ofthe United SI'UMt, i '.',
As well a I now reoolleet, AIv. Smith tid rriT. ' ' -"-'
self settled In this country in the year 1714! At
that period, or shortly after It,. Mrs Donelnon.-
ann lamily wtre' atnnnff the lew tamf!,sho "
came and Rttled on the sonth 'side of, Cumf.ee., ;
land river, where;,, though they wew but, few' ' .
milai frmn me, yet, in onnsefucnr of the river. :
running between us, and the danger of Visiting iis? V
those dsysi I did not become pmnwslfs'eansin'(V''
ed. with them for two or three years after. Th -
family, however, was, uuirersl)y spoken ofn '
one of the mot ' respectable and worthy in th
whole' country. .. Tho first time that 'I eversaal '
lJfrs.1 Jairksnn, .then .1rs, Tlpbords, was at tha
station of Ool vlftrmker. One of her brothrra "Ei
had not long before, brought her-from Kentucky'
Inhere she and JUr, .Robards had been married
and settled. ! The eanse of her 'return' tnTennc.si
see w tlit-n ,ttribmed to ha erne! and unjust'
tr-atnvoit other husband, who was spekcti pfevc.
2 where as n man iriT):Ulr h.bu, imif much '
ven to jualous susplelans, '., '
ikAf)out twa years after .'(frst. saw .tA-s." Itf , 1
bards, I , learned that liobards had arrived in th - :.
country (,' and by the assiBtnnee' .of tho family of -bis"
wife, that theie diusrcticcs had been Yccoh' r "
siled, and that thej jere again living Uigether at " ,
vtfi-s, Donelson 't. .Tbey ,Wcre not inng, how, ;
vnrT together,. before the ssme unhappy appro!" ,' .
heusiops seized the mliid of ftobsrde, ncd the, i
eonseqiieni'.e. of wbiuh .warf, another- separation ' '
and,s it soon -appeared, a final one, Ml 'tl.e - -' .
cimumstanoess, attending this -rnpture, I eanhot r '
attempt .to stste with much particularity at "tWs '"
late day; but it , is hardlit tiOSSible.- enAsldei-iw , . t.
tile five and unreserved intercrnne that pre-. .,' k
veiled amongst all the respectable classes' of teP -
pie here fit that lime, that an incident cf this kfn( ' .
should occur. without being fully and generally .'.'
known, and that .ever person should conew in
the- sams, view unnniits ibamMr'-wiiJmiitith'-b-'-bet
reasons. In this trusaetioo; Mr. Robards- "'
alono icas cenmredi and I never heard repreta-i
Die man or'womao intimate lhat the conduct of .
bi'wif .differed from' that of the most tunidcnt'
huh vinuous lemaie. i,ct). .laeiCRnn ' nnnrdea at
the time'.. in the tioiwe of ,.wrs. . Donelson
unit it h tKo e.nmmnn t.oti..f tUat M. -i.....'"
racter and stsmling,. added" to his ene-aging and
spngnuy manners, were enougn to ipnamevihe'
i tlist be hild obtained
facts ..which took place, 1 Wis . RolmrdA hud not been. Irt..: gone from'.
k Wbctheriliis intormatmn rsme bv letter, hrbr'a' i 1
f newspaper hwn Virginia addressed to W Tiu-r " "
f od I recottcrt well "the oservat en; of the He t '
jfrr Craighead,1 jn VesJn',tt'thi!'ifl4m-i$r?:r it ' ' '" '
.was'hat if was ahapvy cncbe foffrs. It'ibe '
' ards, and highly" "ereilitsble to t,eneral Janksnn ' '
rwhol5y vhin act of his lifis, Avroa'ed bis wn vnae ' ' '
nanimity, as well as the pifc hy and tanocenee of "
i JW-i Hnbsrfls, anil saci was tVs snnfimentof air r
my acquaintances. .? 5 ??-"' .. -,- ' '
f Wince this period, I have' IrVril within a fow-
, I tiiles of-IIrA, JriMn, find have aer brfea an-'