V 4 V .
Ti nin r
; hat.tttgii;' tr..G. :.ovsir:-:ri i, ia7.
. ' - -
-' -, f w
- '11! ! RTA II ; e
- . a. a a kj av m "a. . . .
, e Kl Ml fuf'tVe tlMttSwlppj,
. rI.M wwrvr,Vy t .. " i lrad Qtrtrei Were oMiwwL' , .
,,.r M -.',- r.. ,.T'"T .
i, n ..J In fir. ij rn r,r I . . J . T. . r r7
!-r,rl 'viT- r! fj fMk conliwn-j ercumst ref'-l in;nirrI J kM
r All" !ttc to rt lhr raea k- fixt-1 p-tior, t Xew Ocv" fjr iiMpcclio lud
xf r vrnTi. vk. v.
trt fat:, f rrfui tW rrwf-
ill, an fa-rt .tf yr .Io'n
i fit'i-yfim, Muut y:r-'.fv r t-
an iii W M V yAr A IW
It it. i wn wnown fne, that h vwOht
f.rt"irrr oT defion from nvlitta aenTcp.
t itliln fietn. Wk'arifnim1 Jit wwith.
Unri"? tl vtr i;i3 and lOli,' to h
-.aitljf prrinilicial tu tl a'trice, tnj tfrvtrt)
tri'ich to.cmbrTsitlie aucetw of the army 4n
nuMf. Nfli militia aoUlWr fur mere f?e-l
trtioa wan' eapitalTy pitutshed, "vitVm Con.
.Viikio eammaiMl dniintf th wTirj thiWn
itv prdrfiteeH inauhorilimition to a dtxniilm'
Ur extent .aminfcst a rertji'u pottion of the
r.iititia iroopi, who hati bertt coerrel intb mp
vioe br Jt-aftrand in the end, was a brinr.ipal
m oTona 6f the Wnt 'dahirerom mutinies.
n a (1etbitmtrt of th aotitfasrit aim, that,
nprhapa ha errr bten wiinert tn any de
nciiptimi of military force i and which sA to
the tr'm'. Conviction eteoutii or' John
ll.irrjn and tii five principal asaociaiet. v.
The ite.nt and imponin cliaraUer of Ova
rmit'uiv,' tith tta atippreion-tlie,TJTe'it flf
nli'i-ndera, their trial, envVetiori,VHh t!ie
li iiiiaiinventof Hnrrisami Maftve principal a-
o -'ite itt the mutiny and desertion, aeem
. ir rrcn'iy miaunqrrttood bv maim Deramia
:ii a tiiK.ance from the point' where the facts
i.i. ? - J
nrcurrca: AiTiiiiijniie people w lennc-ssee,
wliere tli? offend era resided, H i confldentlv
VI eed, but one1' optntna has r ptai1rd
vlich MS that an example was indispen.tible,
-nnd thnt tho Commanding General could not
consistently with hi duy, hare done" other
wise, than confirm the judgment 6f the oourt
martial. ' ' '' ' ' ' '''' ' . ' Vf
In the atimmerof IRJt'detschtnent nfmi
litin. from Teniwisiee, wa ordered nt for
period of six .months to b comrnttedfrmn the
uric thev should rendesvoua ami tw must ere (
nt" ericci this iuppened on the 20th of
hine, and of eonserrnence, the expiration ol
the time was limited M the 20th of Dec-. 1814,
when bvthe tetma of the" 1 agreement, their
cerviee would ex Dire, Between the 15th and
'JOth, of September, and before the expiration !
of even three months, a mutiny broke out;
'nny riolent, riotous, nd inauhordinnte acts
wok plucc.1 The eommi saury's store house in
which were thprftions for the Army, "eol.
lected at great trouble and expense, was for
cibly entered," anil such articjes, as by the
mutineers were deemed necessary for subsist
ence, on their return march, wero seixed and
taken posspssiori of the. bnke house and
ovens necessary to supply! the troop with
bread, were broken ui and lemoliihed, sen
tinels were assuiled and driven from their
posts, and ths tutt'.jonty of ofucers put at a
nen. wanton del. -mW; on the morning of the
?0th of September, two hundred ofthose mi
li'iadeserted & enit mericed their march hjoipe
ward. Sortie ere arrested Sc broupht bacJf
others, convinced that they ttaa erred, volnn
tavily rrtuEn,ed to tin ir posts St duty fa ) For
tlii-i" tnak not a Keinraenta.v 'l arneral
C.i.urt Mirtial was convened, with autliorily
to investigate the circumstances of their con
duct, an! to decide upon their g-uift or inno,-
cencc. " ' -. 1 '' '.
(n the 21st of NV'cmher. lSli, upon infor
mation lodged by Col I'ipkin, tp whpe Re
giment the mutinous troops helonjteda or
der was issued from the Adjntant General's
O'Tiee, of Which the fcllowin is a fcppV: '
'Adjutant GeneraVt O.ft1. 21, ' f 814,
' H.'ad Qiiartera'tk jtliUvniDuiricti
A r.rA'F.UAl. Cm1 M ART I A to consist
. of VI Vlt members and two supernumeraries,
vv jll convene Jtt Mobile, at such time as T.ieut.
Jol. Arbnokle shall direct, for the trial of such
militia prisoners, as mav be brought before it
Col. P- Perkins is hereby appointed Presi
dent of the, Court -j-and Lieut; W I.; Uobe-
son of the 3d Wigiment fnfantryf will act a
.ludge Advocatfcj Col. Pipkm'pf the first lie
.iiient Wililltisr 'UI. detail the mem
bers front thtf jnie troops at and near Fort
Mentgrjmery.varder on all the witnesses ne
cessary forthi trial ef 'the prisoners f his re
giment at this placealso fumisji specific
charges' nffamst tliem; and lastly, wtlljiotity
Lieut. Col. 'Arbnckle'of the firohable time
they will reach this point, to enable him to
regulate the hour of setting. By command
(Signed,') " '. - " .
K0BE11T RUTI.EH, Aijh Gen.
The Court Martial, in pursuance of the a-
hore order from lead Quarters, having been
detailed and the Court rendf rod full aud com
plete, through Col. I'ipkin, who by ordef of
tne commanding vSenerat, ti.idee n directed
to do so, on the 5th of December, for the pur
pose of proceeding wit U the trial, wasconven
w under the1 following order:
' , Okdf.us.
ffct lit (our ly abet a p pmmi abvU
e oeee aanvwnreH m fim4 oekera at
ably d'nehftr.p.1. ft: J? ' -
The aboro hrcroeedintr.'wTIl hoy ni,rc
tority, that there Wat's ir.NXTt.L COtRT
MAUI IAT, and not aCamsnnor Ueirwnau.
UI ooe," H ha beets (ftanre J. ! t consiste4
Of (he requisite and lecJ number tu coestiui'e
a couit ami bcUtg eoaiooeil Ijiliua OHW
eer unfiling of bins, or ifiuiU tard the
ptisinera. cat he Imputed. ' It'see'tu d'.fleull
m wntrrc, unw any enc coum iyirenitaKen
this tor a Hrrtmcntal or .GvrlOt Coart
ilart'lnl,,! when from the face of tie order eua
aViliitiu; the court, t i wvident, it eoeld he
no other time a tiEN1vAI. COUttT JtAK
Tl.VL " V"d-r all the cireumaOntees of the
caie the Cnurl found ,tle srwitcr guilt vA
wnu. jmigii out notiunt; mtire niaitap
prev the proceedings, r in titht-r woisto
wunneia uiecHrctscsor the perdaninj po.
er, which"fcjr favtf rested witU ... -.
QSJaCTtO!IS.O . . '
1st. Ty sofne, it hat been insisted, that the
cturf was incompetent that the number
composing it should hare been-thirtreni and
as it did not constat of -this number, therefore
it is maintained to hay .been illegally con
ttituted, and, cousequently that its pnxecd-
nr WAra Vol.! i r -
CeiirJs mtiat mnconsTst of any number
tfce period f vIm-K, a It ' aatlthes; were la
et rxioe kaUer U act of 1791. BMSVbtted mf
traces ersmat the rrornuti kwa ef pk
eoantrr.aaj were l i.-rnWc .
VM n ie true, iW those saee eTe eaa.
4 into aerrice. tor thre4 SeatW -TVy
H4 wn-ie ajd snMtered fur SIX
MOVTIIS, irtnUW end agreeably to la4
a at ! wiUlltab iMaUe SMmfcat by turo-
testibte AeeuaienK Wrt Lkwiea, that thev.
utewMNVre, vrtv fwWe epeiar4t;t sWi
wa the fjcC ; It m correct, as has ktee atatew
by ihae wt etjrct le the coadect of Geee-
rCJckovttut tav.rtcoay pwwrivwlMca
Um iiorrM ef e wt cm exercise, ape,
(rem the General OnrensnaMtt, nibtia eae ke
eedered to the fleUL aivi detained there.
but Rw three tiwflle ret, iit virtee of several
sVts of CongnsM,ihf Ut ot which was passed
and approved of en tl.e titi oflprll J8I4,
the President of the UoiteU States ru mD,o
naeite eU iin active eervkn tht saiUtie, (or
any lengt not time, t exceeding act xntM.
In tMirsttanee of Hies atitttariif, the President,
hy Lis proper orgx the Secretary of War,
empowered the toerner Tennessee .to
art in biseteX")n calling tbe.Ukilitia ietoacte
aTsei-rioe," as wil eppear, by the following
test ion of the yst of CoiifrestftaJ letters from
the o9retry nf Viri " t -
' Jn U fllr 4nkliui tg m act rnMW
a tiie PresideM of the Pnirrd SuiiV, U.Jl-) psy Srat Strt-t tafe topT. eav'.bera ir.
ey aoorpt a teener pfsersice ef the her rd aa.t beade er.tr-el le ax s 'i it s ea.pot. .'
vmabeee("jtmir Watry horn she 3d d- Js tree, that .Wn ruttiov-tHi au r i Lire ' "-"
moo, fcr the afwesaid tf r for tSe pwrwr. soared the life .f the ih.fofnt.itt thrwrh r " rrr
f gamMM-.ing the eanl Boat, at your epujo gnilty Mj Aide, yet he d 4 nor; for the . T "f
H-t..-I. 1. f . I . . 1 , I . . . . 11. 1 ..I - - ..... . . I . . . a . 1 t - ... 1 . -
actiaiaittheereeksia furUratire of l!iSnaadcethScr.W-. OotUs aatW4 oft-tt.
netra of twmnOTt m that oelHiMT is rivra taeed, o M.t wbo ws a ea itait -i tMe re
tohttNMurr war, U,e aB'.rT lu hea lufwtw.
M fAiMr.4il tit United &Xi.n
Section 8 .hut h if fi&tktr enatuJ, that
the KiHiiiOwNee rillei Into the 'service' of
THE GENERAL Cocht MARTIAL
which Colonel Perkins has been appointed
President will convene at 11 o'clock on the
fifth instant, at such Quarters' "'the Assistant
cp. Qr. Master General may asgifn for that
purpose. . jr . '
' jAti. Cat. Cemmanilin?."
"Hte following entry, eopscquent ppon the
preceding order, is taktrt ' froth the official
nun oriirinal proceedings tf the CouK:
" The Court met in mimmnce of the nrc
ceding order, present, Lieut. CnL Vprkitis,
- kaiajor i vviiiiam v;, , 3ian, iupi.
tames Blackmoir", Capt.' Wm McJvyV, and.
Lieut. James Uovd,' Membet-s-ieut tiavkl
'cheU and Ensign Jame II. Williams, Sif
liernumeraries.?',';V'p v'.-i'jt. :"-..- -
'i'he ergnnlr.ing tins Ctitirt Martial was a
tnong the last acts of General Jacknon. at this
l'oint for on the day afkf it isshedi ffee SSnd
of coUm'iaMimpd officers from- 5 to 13 (see
the 64th article of lb Rules and Regulations
of War,) and suh cbwrt will be. Jtgal. ll
Should, tboujh, enn'sist of thirteen,, iwhere
such number of omrs can be had without
injury to, the public amice, otherwise any
numuer, not l titan nre, win answer such
is the laiy tlpon this anbjecri " "
ine comniatee-state,' aa an indisputable
matter Of fact, that such was the pressure of
the moment, and tjjtf scarcity of omcera,that,
even, organixd a the court Was, of seven,
that number could with difficulty he spared
the public sctrite. ' Ihe attack, which in
August, hud Uccji piade upon - Mobile Point,
by a Uritiali squ lon tle reduction of Peiv-a-icota,
and JialoJement of the enemy there
iir NoTembcr; together wit,h the prevailing
rumors aud opinions, That a dciiceiit was to
be expected on tlve southern coast, all pointed
to tlie necessity of keening every ollicer at
his post aud to tlie neccsnity too. Of having
the trials of the prisoners progressed wilb.
that their example might not protc 01 per.
nicious effect to others. indeciL not a week
elapsed, licfor a Hritish fleet anchored off
Cat JsioihI; ami m a few days thcrfalter, to
wit, on the l'tthcf December, our Cur Boats
on L;ike Borne, near .New Orleans, coiisti
tuting our only marine defence in tlut
quarter, were capturcaanu nci'.oyea. liven
to this lime, the troops from East Tennessee
and tieorria, had not nrtived. The reirimcht
f Colouul Pipkin,, constituted the principal
ieliuucu to garrison the .posts and to hold in
r.licct the Creek Indiana, who stood ready
for revolt on the first appearance of a
British lores. These facts and circumstances
go clearly to show, that a greater number of
Officers could nor have been spared from
public service.. Indeed., General Jackson
had already departed from .Mobile to New
Orleans, so urgent did matters appear to
him, and had confided the filling up the court
to Colonel I'ipkin. Towards the men com
posing his own repiment. Colonel Pipkin
could feel no pfcjuclice. nor entertain a wish
to deny them an impvtinl .trial; he must
have had 'every disposition to afford such a
court as would extend to them, equal and
impartial justice. i
aud Obiectiiui. That1 no person can he
sentenced, to dcuih, but by the concurrence
of two ibirds cf the court. To this objection,
there is but one replythe sentence of the
court, as the committee are advised, was
.Itogether unanimous." On theirround. then.
lltat theVhole a)wa) s includes a part, there
mustlinve been a concurrence ot two thirds.
3nl 0!jcci!oiv . That it was a Garrison or
negimeiitnl eht.rt' Martial, whicJrby the rules
mi -articles ot war, had not the right and
power to Itv for capital offences. It was
neither the one nor the. other, but as the
Lmguage of the order imports a General
4ib dbiedtlon. That peace had been re
stored the battle -of the bh of January
gained all danger past, and hence, there was
no necessity tor exumpies; or lor enforcing
rigid and exact roles. Peace' hud not been
restored. . It is Hue, the battle of Orleans
had been won; .but at what new point the
enemy might str.iki, and when, was alto
gether uncertain. Indeed, it was only on the
18th of Jail, that the enemy abandoned the
Mississippi) l'ort ltoyer was assailed and
captured ,oi the litis of February. It was
not until the 10th of February, 1815, that
rumors of peace were comnmuicated to Gem
Jackson at New Orleans, through the mcJiuiu
of the 'enemy's neet. For Mime time aTer
the ltriiitfh hadt retired fw-tn 'New Orleans,
the Coiiinuuulirg General, distrusting the
intelligence of peaccy w constrainedto
adorn; every precuutiou, lest an attack might
be nude, at sonic unguarded point,' and an
advantage obtained. (lis anticipations were
correct, for "iliortlV afterwards. Mobile Fo'tnt
was assailud sud carried. -Surely," 'the,' it
was not a tin-, when any thing of mutiny stul
desertion, shuuld.. lutve been encouragetl.
throtiyli lenity otl tlieptol the Comiuaitd
ingGtiieral. ' '' '' ' '
5ULH)jel;ton. The last objection taken
Which wvil be noticed, is, that those tnefl
were' in, si.-vvice umler, ami in pursuance of
the act oi Cungrere of 1795; and that eonse
qtieutlv, they could be detameu Only lor a
lour oi iiirce nioni serviccj aim uisi iu jjuii
iklMhem. Aum iirinrnner and a'-inst law.
; Tilt argument iserroHeotis ' and untr'nabl
Uuougrtont, hs v. ill be k)iown(. but fur a pio
mtiit. suppose it to be true1 a Mated, the iuf
swer is, that admitting this to have been acltr.
,aly me, cart,, tfiax wicy were inaeiTiee oui
1 t r
tBe unitea otatirs, iwtnc or tne Derate re-,
cited act. easy, If In tbf.uiuoa :f the prtsi.
dent of theUuited States the public interest
require' & be f impelled tQ aervices for a term
not exceeding six m.nrths after their arrival
at the place of re ndexrous, m har one vrar.
. 'iffar Department, ok. I Its. 181.
" Sir.- Yoa are atlhoried to supply by
militia drafts, or by volunteers, any deficiency
which may arise in the militia divisions ondcr
the command of Maj. General Jackson, and
without referring on ttiia head, to xhis De
partment. ' , . l. l.i '
.It rotv j,e. well, thaf your. excellency con-
suit Ucii. fincKney o: aitcn oecasiona, aa be
ean oest judge of the whole number necssa
. .i . . . . ? i ,. i .
i w me Hi'mnmeiu ui ac puoue oojecia.
S. ABM9TR0NU "
To Governor THount,- ' '
, (COPY.) A ...
" If.ir Debarimay Jan. tit? lUk
Sir I had the honor to receive' your R.
cellencv's letter of th Ah Inst? ' My letter
t f 1 , , . t .-..ll i . . : : J . , .-
Mil ma i mi win usrc auiiviHi.ru jour cnipii
ncs relative to lurtliee detaotiments of milt,
tia. The attention of thetPaymaster of vhei.
army will be particnlnrlyt directed V ,(
payment ot the troops who ave been in ser
yice"'from Tenhessce. ' '.
I have the honor to be very reapectfully
your excellency's most obedient servant.
...JOHN AltMSTBON'G "
I lis Excellency
W, B loo st, GiWerrior of Tennessee.
Tlie above two letters are tme eopie
from the files in my possession. ' Sept. 20th
187. (Signed) .
late Gov of Tennessee
It wa; impracticable, situated as were the
afiVira of this eoimtry, (luring the war, that
special and particular orders could be made
out and forwarded to the Governors of the
respective states, ready, and calculated to
meet every particular exigency that mirht !
arise in the progress of the war. Where the
enemy might appear, and when; and hence,
for what definite period of time, militia ser
vice might be required, were matters, so
wholly dependent on the movements of the
enemy, that the distance at which the Genar
al Government was placed, rendered it e
nedient. and indeed indispensable, that some
thing of enlarged and general powers should
Be cor.nuea to me state executives, ann more
particularly to the executive Of Tennessee,
which was far distant from the seat Of, the
General Government. For thi3 reason,
doubtless and for none other, did Preaideuti
Madison, cause the above order to he issued
to Willie Blount, Governor of the Slate 'of
By this act of congress, and order ofihe
Secretary of ,warv there was conferred, '-'an
full and ample powers on the Governor as the
President himself possessed m ' relation -4o
calling out the militia, an order, altogether
neceasary, that ill tuture, tne risque, danger,
and trouble of distant communications might
be avoided In times of certain emergencies
and imminent perils. That order, placed
within the discretion of the Governor of the
state, tt rieht and power of calling into ser-
vice so many of the militia of the , state, and
tor such length or time as ne might thtnk
Droner, cot exceeding sit months. The
Governor was authorised f to supply by mi
litia drafti any deficiency which piay arisej"
suggesting, merely, that reference should be
hiad to Gen. Pinclcney, as to the numbet that
might be considered necessary. Here, by
way pi better understanding, it may be prop
er to remark, tliat at this time. General Jack
son, bdwh only in the militia, and not in the
regular service, if Was' hot for him to enquire.
what were the Bowers of Governor Blount.
as derived front the depaTtmentof war As
an officer under the state, and such n tact be
tno ot tnatrtieSMAa rrooi the ear tlcpnirnr
l"heae tiwops, w Ul be oownusideA- by a v.tii
eer of tlw rank of Colonel, k W.U hv rt-uirv.t
torrwdrsvoiaaj Fs)eUe.liot ihr SJ.Uofj
Juno neti tttrnce, they win proceed to the a
e (aciHioaotl poet omWr youronlrr, if
oeb a iudxr.toeaoh, aeyeo aliaM assign. 'It
i mnfUot te (he amMie' mefest, that they
ahouU be at those poets betwoea too 1st and
10-h of Jnly next, aaaboxtt (aat Une,tbe Itrta
ittnct of the Imoisa. now there, onder
Cu. Ituocb, win expire, rij at xrhich tot.
there i Niuob ptiblie pro.icrty committed to
lueir tukargo. .. j i v j . ,. h- . "
. yott wdi order Uie imjiier toaster to' at
tontl and muster the troop into' eervice
)m will call en tt Co XraCtor for proviaKni
aM on the abstain ttcrHity quarter master
siawwuo jot supplies itt his department.
' -'H'tlXlE tlJOUSfy,
To Mai Geo. siMia Jiriyivt 1
, oron4 dlrhrion of Tennesar? mlCtia."
Prpta. the (av here stated, these conclu
SMHts'oe.-tsxrity rsrhs that Tlit acting as
e ft erno uf Yi "tessee, was lyHionVd
without vefi h tn te that depaHment, to take
such wicsjures fof SHipplyung the deftcicnem
in tno anuiia, PS .to bim might appear exue-
dient and, necetiary. ; That 4f persitsnce of I
una auuwrny. i,one tlipusaud men Ming Wan
ted) kit. order was Ustied to tin.J.rkrtt
then In the service ot the state, to cauae tliat
nuuiDer to oe musieraU trout hiedivja un, in
la srrrice, withou 4tUy, which, was aecor.
dihiily dooei and the wiw r.V ..Ar
the command of Cb.. Pipkiii.. ,. That Ja-Jtaoiwl
rd, ttiat sating vn.tr the jmite o'vle rt '
ln. UbiMr tost, without trtal of a,r
be CauavO a aohbse to be shot Who Was tnkrnj
U the act of nVert-dow aadnt Mr.ed to the
cain f his Geaerah' that a 'st-'rrprii
. , .. . . , , nriiom oj 4 rem i M J t' -.t, f .
avae tiitfV ..-r acquainted w- 4 1. . , ' , "1J. V,'. HART.
isssiwro-Tsi t wmiMrion,rawtnrntnu t , : . , . .v 1 ,m u. -.
tiua wajRwmimane aiHt erowKy , " in 1 ill J , " .
Mijt, neither can aoch an impuutiou rest a-. Erfocf f m letui- r -n i L n . r. T 1 ( . v .
gainst lien. Jcrsyn iflj B ilU act" d With a t ute.i J't'f i .1- .,,
view to the great interees of the country aa ' YrMtor ;' ; -r-lar'a dto. ,v(...'V.
sumiair the tvnd. eVwh, ia times nr.. 'M w f"' f "-'"r 11 ?" "'"'
tho pstbhcal are.pcclys.wh.p.n , J? I5' IT
blej ami ht. 4 ad dms n would bf onl.T in hk a you hive ,,f them. , Jf
crmoial -nay nwal trrawnio the te ( the ( Tethelit. Iaaswerth.it I aitL el.m1il ,
aoaiiTNtwn', to tuduige lu aa excess effect- the JJ res.u t irflnfaninr. attUe te n ' 1,;
..as 1 1 ' '
.ru.!, A h f
il. Wt o
eftai asJitJ rsri, ,-.
xmv. an,W L i-mi.n ,. ot
that I rrnMinsd H M A ,c,
b'iod, utilil tlx of tl.i
. u;itrtr.l, ! t . ! 1
I W at pi-r t a. t'.c .-'. : '
ittX u'ljuJi-ed ta tuur ii .,
that faK Oi lit wetitrnrw of l!i? i '
Ocitar the ne half of auaU et a I
kr of tin snf. o lrrs to tx t isveH, n I
iters t ha tt.uainr.1 mil S eam.
arriu4 kite cffict, taiil ill InKpie"
IMl - .
III. f-""Vv !i.',..ii.',-tf. ..,',( "'aa.l no n-rdar ! were shot, m-r M
"Bix! iuirt'der ffnvl nttncinjila, our Tf 3001' Im 11$, uumnant ti tbf! -i.'i-iire nf s court n
feeing fr fe-'J-l tnrlotMwl fv'4ij and ,, M appivJ by Cow J:Hk-jn, the a in NVr-T.
Jemnetl for mutiny, dtftnkn,nd,oalrgeio O.-leaos, whn h, ac4My to I. 1 nrdrra, -r-;
pnbho property, oowjcould Gen. J.wko "n ?";!, u'""r "T ' : " .V,
,.. LZ. .1..-. 1 1 u 1 1 j 1 presence at alt tlw tr vn thru o1 Intr; f. it M . .
h. arm?' sfterwarj,?. The er.ia Was a tfyihi ,omlXint 9t wint n., ' ?,
paei 5Merfulittsh H-et and armv were ler G-ewral o.-.!,.r,sn I n t ,a .'A-f
beine a Msj, General uf. the militia- ia the
state. Could, not oq-iire into the authority
and..power of Gov. Bkiunt, as derived from
. u . . r : . r ......
.c tKu.niiicut vi war, even UHJ it been
imprudently exereisedi ho- was-hound 4o
eaecvte in order , not mcoiwistent with
law. , . . ... -i
U,il ttf ,A...t.J i... ' .. .... "
mvniu, ov some, mat II is not m.
terialas to the time (V.r. which the sen ices
ui uir,i we,r required) uial they were
ignorant ot he fact that they believed
.themselves in service p , for, three month
aim iuh mis ignorrnce, ud Una misconcep
eption, shbuld have operated .in their t
tvour It ii dllficull to see the fore ofaueh
ail artrftmenU of bti any rroiind ivliatiiv.. in
justify its introduction. . Everv man nf &n.
tuion fensex.iows, ttiat ignorance f the law,
jwtunot excusejts tidrastion- Jf aoch a.nile
.altirl iil'aieiat ol.&- ' ' a 1 . . m -
.rv. .., 4iiij govo nrqerjna-tirst pnn
crdes of society. , wojild be enWnged, nd
every oHbnder be reade' with an amrte end
aufltcient defence, for any outrage, he might
ttiink proper lo commit, upon Ahe righta of
his neighbour . ' .
It is not a fact, )iowever. that those troops
were ignorant of tj.e length of, time for
which they were engaged; It is a grouad
U a assertion, and has arisen, it is presumeit,
solely and entirely from .the expression.
wutcft was contained tu a . Inter purporting
t4 be, written by H.rria, one f tlie prisoners,
to Gen.;vjJacks.nj , and , which," as has been
shown by tlie public prints is altoirethrr-
lorgery. No such letter was ever received
ti oro it ams, , no opinion as to the service
being resncted to Miree towths was theft
entertained Tlie bHVndois knew better.
and as evidence of the fact, the proceedings
' i couri are ni-re atraiii ret rrl to.
ct;u ku jnrm me 1,01111 .uarnal pracaetUngi.
"joiin oillilll ir ilr MaliM't heinr iinni
states, that he never heard Ianfiiiaevus.d bv
the Capt. to his m n bin to continue in service
until the expira ioii of the SIX MONTHS:
and that it w hiehly iuiprooer to be break-
ing otti ana that they would he punished if
mey wrnt soupcr s
" David Morro 1 servant in Cant. Strntln 'n
company) beinir on. aiaUs, on the march
betw en F rt Jackson nd Oeposit, his Cap.-
tain asacu mm now lonir lie i xoccted to re
main m seiyice? to which he renhed SIX
HON I lis as they were . muttered fur that
Sergeant John JO. Smilk being wnt tatet
" mat Jie tormerly belottu'ed to Captain
Smitli.lft'company anil was attached to Capt.
iiroTuerecoiripanY at Fort YVi hams: mar,
ched sunder his command to Fort Jackson.
and nevef heard his Captain say one word on
the subject? mentioned in the clisrires. but
once, when, at Port Jacksnin when the inu-
tiny assumed a pretty high tone,, he observed
Doys nusn muimyingstay until I go home
which will be at the. expiration of SIX
If these extracts, taken from the proceed
ings of the court, did trot exist, it would be
in tno wise material; not are they now matcrt
av except aa going to show the opinion
which then prevailed. The order of Govern
or Blount upon this antbieel, requiring that
they should be called otit and mustered for
SIX MONTHS, isot itself, sufficient to shew
the nature and extent of the service fur
which those troops were required.
Gov.- Blount acted in this business under
and by authority from the secretary of wart
and General Jackson in cullinir out those then
......ill W.1SIA ;u,.l,i.,h.i...Ml iromisuiviwon,execuxe, as ne was oounu
woi until oiiiiw ti w I -- .t .1 ( .
ih wt.r tt.-t.irh wm. ;.h n l 'neoraers et governor Hionnt. it na
hovering- along tu Vhcrti ast, bte
UU4,wunar)d where Ity pleased. J Ji such
state ot thioi. nuttiny, and de-t-;tion, by all
IMiasioiB means wrre to ue guariel a'auut
and preteoteL ' By 'what - rule ot reason," or
with wliat bprietv,cbeld Gen. Jack sou have
punislted am aoltiiet fur amilar oltenees, if
ne uaa. extended paroon ana torgiyeivusjto
Harris sad hi.swociateii.' ihe eoaiitry. frif
rmy, and liiinsulf, must hsvo t'ullen vic.un
o examples sd. U-d'geriHiA-i-U wouIJ isve
Denmiaiakeiiwecy!f r ; f
Better iuif ihat- the ohje'efions repeatedly
matte are new aaiisfectonly mt and answer
ed Dy avvvtopnieut Ilia luout at,teutlmg
the case, the. cuiWlee pilar tlW disclosure
u.:.u .1, t .i. 1 1
niiii.uc vniicAc-ii s.iuineiiia 10 me cauivu
tonskteraSouiuftlieiihrie'"1' ' i "v
K' ;-.iCn4ntaa V'tn Aai. Cwa.
..tws iraji,w-ry, r"ay, ,M uff
CVKKil ,J -
. " - ! . . - ,
CEHTinCATB Ul COL, PIPKLV.
' DsAa Si,a I hava been Informed, tiiu iltau
Biwkner and Frank Jhhnston, ' late jiienilx.-r of
Vongressj hse urouiIy - chargeil ' GcnVrtil
Jaokson with lisvio six roihtia men tried amloa
ecuted ehliout neiMfswty, and Ibiv.eiwma eoni-H
mitten attes thegr time pi service had expired
.uicviiij i. men -niiiiiieu w, i crv
of my reirtmciit, I deem it a iltity I wa ta Oeh.
Jiiekson as wc'la he tommuuitM Jsiu,i
ntuau a nut giniemriib oi I no uicia ai)i eutum
stanues ennnetted 'wkh- their anest and Vxceu.
tion.t lha egiinWit -whwh I comitmnileit u
mustered mtaaerviee uwlcr an aet ot ooegressi
for a term of six months tluy,"on U18 20tli Ji)ii,
mi, nnu ci-nei-eu 10 uuirikon tlie U,llcivnt
Posts In the Creek, nation.' : In tlie latter nr of
Anguat, r the prstet ljepV dicevered mu.
tineus tlisnosltioii .'in tuv recimciit. as. well at
Port ,1ackoh, where I had citablishen toy head
Quarters, "tsvafother Pontst'liit'l had ho proof
that would Justify tn V nrefcrlwr ' thiirireS. "unfit a
wildier by t!ie nnjuq iif Hunt, lj'ula a nuLlic do J
i..,t:A. A.-i l.a 1.1 ' 1 . . t
(Miairrn, tun, uv uultl.
moetthit mn tliat wers rkScuU-d l-u-iw .was
aoui asinen iiarni , . ; , ,Z
t i. Tl rrnmmil tu wtiiiOi tue men luit vrm
sliot hil ped, was (hufl.-d ami mind i-ed far SIX. j
was Siuhnriitby '
nirT, m iorw una p?rcr whs qnirxi-a oivii
eilbutby Alia ' tiAUtincri-s and ilcn.-ru a.
knew Uettei-, svtlicy a. tnowlmljuil ,fe
f lit was mid wl bcTTevo-d,, thnt H ii-i is anl ,
One er tw edlers of th six th'it wim-s shot, were '
site snhstitates, inr the tern; w lurh the ret- v
nmnt "Vinil bee it dralU-d aud mustered, and tliat
est it 'mortths.fi . ih ,-v'iii .. - .-.. fjr.
Stand. While the risonera were eTwHncd.H
ijr migh have written without th !, i;jui , ! - ' ,
et'anf one but the s;aard. i Th r ' I '
Qng.i aclievc, never was oenii-l t . 1 , t . -a-
SitwMiewi' It v howeveri anl- 1 : i.
tVaoy of the others adilrnsscd t. -M. n t,, ,f
ifiare hf.il or their lives fur they ili.l 11 1 kmiw,"
what the result of tlieir trial eas, kefoie te iu-n '
mulisaueapftheseiirffwlneh waoajnnin-: ' ,
4 by an ordnr to t carrW sasa -effeet m a lew .
layi.uflerwanlBt e rtwt a latter ooulil nnt have j" '
reached Oen. Jaeksoti, fiera . f Iarris.' bci H-e the . - ;
Sue appointed for his execution, itul to allow --
at liun-is did write to the general, to have paid ' A
(iiy attention te it wauld bat e betrayed a weak .
ess and indeeisioa in him, tlmt, in tlie then pnsi
tino, ofrailairs, alrht have been productive of la-jj-'
till aanxeniunoaai lor wa JumI ma hnm!f.ira mtm j
treaty of peace having beaa signed at Ghent till 1"
tocfre tliau a month alterths approvid of the sen- , 1
J-neej end fifteen or twenty days after its exeenvJ s
fipts i,Atuh a lime tbs luast relaxation of Uis-j
sijibno railuhave proved ruintras ta the eonntry.
1 6. Ilari-is was a sort of hreiaher, of thatdeno- n
nkiatioa ealled Baptistv " He was in profession,4 '' -. 11
a saint, ana. In reality, (under sucli a garb ot 1 t
tanotity, with great pretentions to learning and 4 ' ,
.llowlede, ) a mlschtevoaa man enough, amongst . . .
juora krnorant pwojile than tiimlf, , ' '..' .. -f v
?; Hutinvad desertion are the highest orimta---'"""
know toHhe Jlttw, for the governing of thy
0 a, , 1 neevuienee in support ot tb"5 "T",
Ijninst the vnilitiaf was poitivhd tiee from 0
tlmdpw of donbt' -Thy seniinilteil the offense .
in broad day IMits In th.presjnee of the troopa. i
dial remained fiiitliful, the affeota of tlie sontrae-,
dr, and every body on the grnuod..-;'- ; ,'.V
f ThoV were withont justifloatkm or ex'onse.y
IWjugh k long s they hoped twlifw.taayi.lleg-.,' t
wo s ait exouse, their pretenued atiiei mat no. ,
iA existed to hold them 'W service wore than
tlu-eo months, la whieh they had been sustained f -.,r.
hy the oiiiaioos of om ot their offlwrs. 1I jw
yor, before tHcir execution,' they abandoned tbis,
excuse, ss tliee knew better and said that those -
offioera who eaeonraigeil tliem to the fatal deed T 'j
eu)(tit to die as wll they. im""-:-!
10. HVhen the mn tiny and desertion tank placo-. ...
kt Fort Jackson. 1 believe that the British force,
iro home, at tlie eiui-I
laiion ot three Wieniths r dfe In thcattKrtiirt. 1 1
then wretc td Cert. Jackson, at Mobile, no4S-'l,
qiiuslea Jinn UiOruV'ra oouit martM lofthutil
al'of said llnirt. whieh he did. but the order did.
not come to baud until !'ter th mutinous tiar-j
ty of y regiment had released bim from under-
irunwii wno, w,nn nm. deserted on tne IfeHb
beut. 1 8U. A short time, nrcvious to this- tlie
same party demolished the' Bake hnUse.-destroy-'
ed the oven, and did many Other" disorderly aiid
mutinous H-lu, The day prevkras to thew do'
, 1 t ss . 1 H wu w numawii, k whutu Mint, ano lI sx ., -w .. .
7' 1 ". "!??W-' P'f'dj ''. m afterward retmUil by the garrison on Mobile-
marrhed towanls the fommiMary's stores. . J fetbo 'aak eh that plaae. tiad shewed! . .
lUi-msetres tn the then Spanish harbor of Funsa-v '
faJSee 'ApnenaixNo.i2 ' 'l.h.Z.
I" the first publication made by the cpm-;
""v, nirougn some error of tfte press, the
"jmes oi two of Uie eotirjjto wiV Capt.
.? "nd Lieut. Boyd, were omitted: also,
Vt. niacktnore, was miscalled, Blackman.
ins niuke", hbwever. was afterwards eor-
the N-iv,!le 15epuW!ciina!trf Stale
toy three nunths It can ip no1 rtt tory the
rt.iJcti.in- 4lm niutinouS nets thari'ed oft
the prisoners, tools place before he 'HMt of
SeTMeniber, and cojieqoemiy,ir)re me ex
ptrl;oo 01 xnree, nioinns iro'
been objected, and by some ofihe late repre
sentatives in congress from sister' Blate in
their circular letters, that no such authority
nad been given to tiovemor Ulount, and ss a
reason lor such opinion, it is alledged, that
"it not it. ta. Annul uwpuir Alhnd hut little raoin to do fliau vu had.;-It .
record of H'asliwgtan Citg," It occurs to llrue that, at my n-qhest, he ohlervd a eourt
h'un by Governor BlouBt, and to draw from
his division such number of men, . and for
such period of service, as the order issued to
him should direct, not exceeding six months.
A force stilncient for th reduction of the
hostile creek Indians, bad been called Jo the
held on the 3d of January 18U, and which.
about the middle of March, .feave a finish to
the; war that bad been waged gainst the
Creeksj tint circumstance, rendered It enna-
cessary for the Governor to act uppn the or-
I r t ..m. I a wwiHanniV SAi.hat.uie vl man
uer m urncrai niitivii, eci ivwiv wt wr, . . . , ,.
until the 20Ui of May. when in purauanca of " X t c"e.th'ft, I'c
d.rctim,ftr,rt General PincknTy,a portion Ulve "
of the militia were1 called into service from
ieneral Jackson' division. Governor Mount's
order to the General, bears date - 20th
May J til 4 apd is in the following
"AavnnUe, May i.-. .ol4.'r
SipIn compliance with the requisition of I duty, and of tlie laws of lite country It sn
of Maj. General Thomas Pinckney, that the I peart ton, that they were Jeijally called into
posts of Fort tjvilhenis, ort Strotber, Fort I service Tttr MX MONTHS; and that before
Armstrong, iortKoss,aqu forts old -ana tne expiration ot even three months, their
neW- Uem-sit, sliovU be. kept up, the doing act, of nut liny took place4. AIL therefore.
iif which, he -has confided to you, until the j that carl be alledged aguin4 f Icncral Jaekson,
Wilccf s of the L-ovtriimeiit in relation to tlie lis, imp!y,.that bavinir in Jiia liands the powet
... . .i. -'.t.u l. 1. 1.- .( 1 ? -., ..
VHr vmim no iiumiiw .i f.iuiwiia, .ri.ii.i.i ly .Mu.,r'Uw u.ut twit Miiaiuun, uiw puuixu-iw
have been full v cft'tctedi and from tlta TH-ob-1 teres and oiibli Safety would bo Promoted
able expiratjonf of the lime of service tif tlw I by its jkaerc'ise.A Thia, alone, eortstifuiea the
grvwiu tn wnmrc (atio nun, snu nisi
ortiei ed tliem to disperse, tut my order was ei
regarded, and they fnieetl the GuarU staUvnad
tor tlie protection of the stores. . I lieaainmis ,
ary snth.-ipstM theif design, closed BiwJ .JoU
dl tlx- door; but that did not revtium them, Int
one of ike men (who was. jiAerwardi' shot "thy
sentenue nf tlie court martiidj lU'Jaeiliutely sittioli
ed up a pick axe and euttlie (IporoflTthe hinges.
The then entered iheAoune, and took Otit eleven
hat-icls of (bur, awf nnule 'pwbl Is proclamation
to all who intended going home to, oomo forward-ami
die rations, which tliey did. Tkcy
Hl'terwai-ds proceeded to the; bullock pen, and
shot dewn two beeves, and , Uie balanoe taking
fright, broka the pen and run some diatimce,
wJiere they killed third. "They then tturno
to. the Fort and; completed their aiTaneetnents
to lUit , homo at before stated, t the number of
about two mmdred, I immeduitely. reuorted te
uen. J sex son the situation ol mv eomnuuuf. and
the manner of nvy proeeedinir Bh'elly after,' I
rvcuiireii tmier iriou iu (jenarai nineennr ana
that if J had not already arretted Jhpm, to as
eTcrj cxciiKin iu mjr power o uo so, anu asve
them brouirht back to trial. . A part of them
were aiivsted and a eoort. martkil onlcred to be
sniiviinai 1 I'n. (IiaIm 1 1,. fl L.. a.,...LI.
tttctmp; under tne orilers o lien. Jackson) at
Nlobile, and to consist of five members tud -two
snprnumerark.-s, Ijout.- Col. Perkins 6f the
njtninpiiiiii.iHiinia, wt appmnieu rresiomc of
uie court, ami uieuu 11 one son, juugo Aijvocflre,
I was ordered to detail tho biilanve of the Court
from tlie militia n-non ol'dia State ef Tannonsffe .
ml to. order on the witnesses, for tlie trial of the
..vuii(v ... ji. rii.i;m. vu iHwuii.i piw,.. tu l
make out etwrget shd speeificatloaa against tliemj
wuii-H i mo. yn iite 4tn 01 1'ee. I received no
tice from Coli Pprkiits tliat thesoint martial was
oi-gnni.ed. It eomineeccd with the trial of Capt.
Biroiueiy ann eontimtun troaa nay to flay, tinti.
all theprisoncrs ere tried. '
In this biiricaIr..Chirman,JGn. Ja(:li
tlie committee, that this is a very insufficient
reason.. The non production of papers from
the City of Washimrton. should net be con
sidered conclusive evidence that none ouch
ever" existed, for it 4 demonstrated conchi-
iclr an order was
war. If lost or
nnstaiu, oe 11 soj put let not JU nonproduction
be reued on as conclusive evidence to eatab
lisb disputed factstfor that i in opposition to
. . . . - -. . -
reoM ana rtsru... . ,.,!,-,
It appears then, that these men were euil-
tyof extiavsgant excesses of violation of
martial, And appointed the President anil Judge
Advoeata, who were both very -raspcctahlc and .
mieuieni men nut tlie balaneo ol tho eovrt
were detailed -by me. .' Nor was Gen Jackson
present, or vcn in Mobile' at the time the pri
soners were hied er exeentedt for I nave always
understood and believe, tliat be had reached the
vnj ofixew urteans, netore the vnurv: was or
eanlxed," where to remained until the restora.
Uon Ot'peaCa. - : 4L-i-e-" J?':
on tlie suta lies, the term Mservueofmf re
giment expired, and on tlie 2lst oy 2nd day wa
took- -up the line ef march for Tennessee, and,
as soon as we. art'trea, were ouusnargad. - -
Personally appeared,-Philip Pipkin, before me
Sn actintr. Justice of the neacelem uidantintv.
and made o.ilh tjiat the foregolne fneta and sir-
ciimstuiice,.as set (ottfli are true to the best of
hi knowledge and tmnl-m .. y
' t-vft- vruinP! pipkin
eserMM!lstt worw.j. 4v .i':. ..
ti a 20th of troops, ndw occupytnir those important postal only
iunlr. whieUume thev'were nm cred into commamled: by Col. JJunch, iprwr 4o a final lis not a just ground fof censure,', For aull'er
service. Even upon this ground, there was
guilt Tlieviitrtiny rmt, and insubdrdination
eomplained ol, ben g wjth'm the tliiee nionths,
" . "V'":r' ' ' ' V i '
4 1 SpcapiTn4s N1. 5-
xcconiprijliment ol the views of government, ing, of permuting the execution, tie baa been'
iu relation to th creek tvaf,jroa Will 'with- censured ias a tyrant snd an oppressor, tl
oot del.ty, brih-rout bne thouxo(r mililia in: was the taw, not tho commandite general,
fantry- ol the 3d division, for the term of six djat copsigpefl tbem to death. '.True, 'he
months, uttlcfs soonvr (JwphargeJ by rde I eeula t e grinted pardon to tfc tig, at he
to, this tth April, .182. i 5.
aolni and probably Lt,' Col. Niuhols'had ibsued,
Lis gnseouadiag proclamation to thn people of .
jUouisiftne and else bete, and at that t;ue vtie re
gtibw force In MisslaaippisndLonisimut-ionsi-itedi :
01 ins an, an, tn anu sin iteg. ot inianiry,.iknonoJ.
pf them but little more titan half full, and some '
mtt that,) detaehmenta of the Sith and 44th, w ith 1
taw companies of artillery, and the militia onder"
PipUinj to whicli tba matineet's belonged. Attho
time of the trial, the intended invasion of the courv-.
try oonfideil to the care of General Jacksony was '
Known, anu suon mrasitrcs, as the stale ot the nam'
tional ieources would allow., bad boon nut in
requisition to Oppi'se it: and at thu.tSme 'fhe meu L
were snor,th Hrttuh riroes, that had been driven i
feflm before Ne Orieans, had taken the Fort en v
MohUo P'dnt. hud received raiaforwement ot
twelve or fifteen hondied men, under Col. Bell,', i
Sr.d had every tiling in readiness to some en. ,
ni otmng pruvented tliem but adverse winds whieh ' t
edntinued until the treaty ef peace was revolved. -,
To ! prevent advanuies or surprise a svitem of
rigilnnce Wan adopted, suited to the occasion, and
we were alias weilpreparefl as wasposiihle whU '
oar Hwin ami means, w oppose tnent-iJi tins uaa ; ,
?ie precise 'state of the opposing forces, when
larria, end five more of the rinL'-leaders of the' '
mutiny ami nesertion, etui ne regular soldier, 1
fwlio slent en his nonlV vera shnt. Fmm wkai I
Saw of tlto, Kritikli, lying en Jhutphin Island and?
tne t'ointoi jiointe, wnete I was aent with a flag 1
wt'trnce,UHirtbtwewMmorenitHMi'eusthanoitrs;t ;! -
their's consisted of old troops, and eurs iaotly of,
BiililttH -from Gebrgfaw Tennessee fc Mississippi ,
with hut few reeiilar infiintfy and artillery, and 6. , .
orT hundred Chlckasaws,ChoctawslindCi'e'ks."' --
-litis and i. At the same time that Hatriis .
nd tlie other five principal Offenders were tried -f -. v
and found guilty I think' 103 moie were eonvictj. ' ,
eil Mid from the facts disclosed on the trial, thoso" -
were only aonsidered at the followers of the six - i
senteneod to sulTer death and wore to be let off' '
by harinj their heada Jialf; shaved, to forfeit that '
pay due them, and be drummed or turned but of ' ' c v
the lines, I do not recollect tliat the eourt re- ;
eommended that the (ienend bf.culd remit tho-
nimishment or not: But .whether or not, he did . . . "
n. u .1.... ... r .1 i 1 1 - ... . ' ,
ivnui M.m 'i .imnmwiicu wiucil IiniloSCU IIIO - ; 1
ate of tlie rsxor, If nothing mora.' " " ' -
; n in tne then state, ot things, at betoro '
described,! Uowghtnoi,.andlen.tteverentertaii' " ,
any other opinion. . 'I'lio execution of the whole - -
potny, aitu)rii paimui 10 jmuoiu, watiiotning '
toOre than du adiainistralioa of iustioe, nor .
aid 1 ever hear H douhleil. or quesUaoed, till bv. "
ijie sitipmer oi ls-t, wnen tue waolo utlyir wa ;
sotiemrtedahrf hxlsiepecenled, that a stranger,
it (us bolieVed the tale, must have thought that"' -.1..
fiu 1 ,1 -11 I.U oiA... ,li:i..-.i ., .
m. n,m w.i.vi u v.UVIll 111 SIIC- - ,
ding innocent Wqnd for aia'tsement. I fclt bound '. -to
aonect the absurd atovy, when and wherever-'
I heai-d a, and nave always continued to do so. t- ''
Utb and jCth. In tl'o fummer of 1814, under- ,
tho .orders of Maj. (wva, Pmckney some uen i
cro sliot, or aleejuiig pa, their past, and deser-, -, .
tion, One was oardoucd, 'and one more would t '
have been sliot, had he pot died of fever before i
tlie dity execution arrived. For this no . . 1 ,
Mara wt ever east upon Gc'n. Piuckhey, be-' '
e.aase tlie neeesiity or propriety of k, never was "
woubted." r" r "?.'; .--'-.
t5,4 1NO. IV.l W r--i i. , t
j. . i f, 1 - - vtiwoTHKc, itiuu lr. ivr-ii
' j; KoBertW.-IIarV Adjutant General otkjUttmct of a letter from Gemral Reed tJIo-'
first Brigade ot Teuueasce Militia, in the late ( Mnsf te Ae lidUort of tbe CwnmerpieJ ' Chrp(-
7t'-l L " .. ' . '"""'''"' . iWe and BatimtwMv&tUer. :
'(r) See anpendit No. 3--(f See rpp. No. GxtseuMisri A writer in your papey f thn
' , July, cter the sigijattwe of Washingtom.';