:J1AT,SIGH I7.: d DrCIII.IC2IIl'laVlaiLl7
r:ir;s!DBN rs i:;ss u;i
T- tf tU I Gvw ,.
111 1 - i i r i
Jjf nt!e ? H,'tr f Vrprrienfm-
uai ,.. H-mtf RrprtrnlAli-t.
rvoViow. of th eream. has nnr!i
Jr ti (uKtvira ooee Henfsrarntative on
the People aa Utatea of ll.rs I'nin wrrr
V" awaeyahled al V place, l clb-Vc a-wl
V act "ll ,nft 0ownKn inwuil tiilerra's
-be.r esMtatitueuta. H tht interval. tt,e
wrsef'tmheriagarv of a viw- and tvifi
aril Pi'kWc bt'Mi'iwH it wiirdit
or WVt nl Me b!ed rmir
Tbe Mr- of hea'tb has enn'mo-d fr
rnv to prevail ihvtg'imii tlx- I,
l-sing fpere -i .jr ktvthrrn nf tSe
kuar-an race he been ejo,ed without mtrr.
tsotiavti internal quiet hs If f n..y felnw-rit
II- .' WMIrl mf' of t thrr rivhts
a-vl in k frr exercise o4 e!l Ihetv faculties
rgrmi the 'mpu'v of their watnre. and the
V'TM'oi of ''ir duly, Jn tt itnpeov' mm
of 'V'fOn row J. lion The producti-ms of
th,- unl. the rxcnsnrr tif fnmmfw, the vi
v '". in labours of Immin inditwry, hare eony
bi.rd M ming'e in our rttri paction of en.
ja. vat Urffe ail liberal as lb iw4u
r ief lUaven baa perhaps ever gnntrd
ilie impe.fert Mate efman uto ear htaiitl
i 'be purest ol humax fcliri conawtt in it
?. -iciiion with others H i no amall addi.
i..o tbs inr of i nation l tutppmca, at
;'ii timr, that peare au4 proapvrity prevail
'a ' (Kr" aMom riixrmiiced orer th
'iolr 'labitahle tHubc; prracntinjr, th(Xrh at
tf with pamlul rTCeptiona. a forrtaate of
ii .t lil.-rtl pcrioil of prntniw. when the lin
i j l Awn with the lanth, ami war ahalf
mi more. To preweve, tn improve, 'and
it nerpt'oate. rt aoiireem, and to' direct, in
ti'-ir tnoai t-rtVetive rhanneU. th atreams,
'iir eonttilxite to the public weal, I the
rro fnr which rcrnm-n wai inritiHrn.
)S: of Jeep importance ! tlie welfkpe of
hr Union are .oonatantla- remiennf, to le-.
nt i'l the attention of the Federal Itri.
ti r"i and they cuH with accumulated Into
t-t,at thefimt meetmjj f the : tm flmiaea,
,C eT their perimlieal renovatW To present
it tiieir consideration, from time to time, tttib
ecta m which the ioTeresta of the nation are
new deeply involved, and for the regulation
it' whicli the legislative win U alone romfie
ent, i dut preacrihed by the Constitution,
n performance of hirh the" fint meet,
i s'of the new Conjrrcaa it a period eminent
i -ipnriipriate. and which itiinow my pur.
ov; 'i Jischsfpe
O n n la'iona of friemlahip with the other
v.i n of the earth, political and eoramerci
.l.havcbren preserved nnimpairedi and the
iMrtrtiin'niea to improve them have been
i ' Anted w'Ubanjioua and unremitting at
ni'-.i.in K neflociation upon auhjecta of
no nemate intereat, with the Govern
frr reX S!SS2S 1
win So k...i. r . . taw ar,j
. w,t .rrnai aif rvovr'y
laa I 11 rn
Aler?larw ft . a. . - "T"- VflaWM. at w W,
"w i nweti mate aad Giiol
am. im wu-rl trrwnaaed the war pf aaar taw
drnd, . a Tne of kodwv M dr,
a the detnarcation nf temim L.t... .4.-
i.ntriea. ercn.Sr ,ter near twent.
d frtra of hurt.
art th trad ataU t. '
aacMiacanry l khaai, rL. aoava V aki-.
i'"w". aaa acurcrlv uarrra ia the 7 . vi.m nouesaiMi
Kfkoowled U ,l,rIr V.S?2 "tab. apprehendea fro-
J'r, aini tleral b, prt.e
that t,me. aav,f..elo of hod,.
nr haa theierepeoiW. Temtovie. H.e
-" ""xiaiTOefii. t raw eJoav c
...-.iina.1 m awaal lajterdtrl
". wT.. E,"f' tra e-nOiMtaa,
tt.f.U rvMbon ? 3-ciar,. cMM.bv
th Cv, .f ti-b . UJiWaJl
(liaon-Biaatinr dUa anoai Lka ,k.
U. Stafea al of France, in eKh rmntrv.
Mtr trade With that i ' .'
m.raii II KIKI
u nerefM.. 4 difowtion M th p.rt of
-r MV BtTil aTaTamnilWVM VaVa tk.a.
rlnall af tl.. L..'a
-aja.eM Jirnain, jour o( Uae tjuea.
. preaW th,mlv.. upon lbrt5karra
,T War. of tfct Treaty of
...pointed bs AcH vMumtbiempn wbJok.'irood
r..(e upo. thair rr,W;. rUi, i-Tk-" Z? partie. ww,,U be
f diMrrement between rh r-T "l"'. f tV on
oneru.Jt, waa bawvWtful 'tba iV aZTu P ' w rel.Ha, brteeo IV t ui
iirir aivpri ir
od Atea vl rrac ia corv.l wAb N ftrat
ml thr the. report. a!a..B, Wrefrrl lZ"?? ' ' Vr T
In Iha il . . n twww
W.lre.dr terminated AZr - Mti-W, h
Unt4 rtatra, ti!k ibe or),.,V, ,
aToeisl l a ,h.ro-r
tf CwrM Wf tWy aray b reaa.
' - 7 t-rarr, arvwany red be-
"mlaof Iraoa Arrra and
ftrrtoatlti1ia, hrtwen, bemperwiw pea
tniirmi n rniL nvk h -
vonhr the tvawh af aii.rwi
ba kntytunatrle dw.irhed tba Vanwnnv of
Kktimetara tfc l'nnr t.r am1
. wernnv:ia At 'hen Uat
-- ya'rrr wm. rftrrd that asxawof
"7 rocM' HMl E-naira baa aiKano.
aw and vracttarat umu iimtA i
to biockadea aixl tn nruir.1
could Bjot aaneitmi. .n .i.i. .
iwairam toatfM rt (veraaarv i rrait l an.
ram that lv hav no
wat tar llraiil latlf . Ummf af
viihorry of th. a? rrroneo i, prinejpJe have
been reaforodi ami we tr,a that nur j.iat
eipomHMni wi bf W,ed. that mrKo.iate
inden..7 will t na,lr to tUe eStienaof
the Piuted StaUra who have anTrfe.1 by the
anwairanred captura hic b nravlut
kibamala thoaaWvew hva pra.aa t J au.
hail witn etal'ation he noiwent wJiich aWd
.o-iiraie a reeoiieet'on, etjuall fnenjlv in
fii-w vi iuc pan of mace., trvab efTort
rocenoy oen ma te. ay rbe Miaialer of
IK... . I . j r ' - r ne iJiwea 9latea reaklins at P.ria. h.ht.;
partial areeweot., Tbr ommisioier.-f
... .nicie oi we i rraty of Ghent fte
finally. dsgretJ. ami their conlUrinr
reporti to thru- own tve m.,a B... from
Jtmlrtn Kv iUm D .a
J..rernment. on Ute 3HH of September bat
W1" b -b.niued, tofrether with the oth
era, to the contidt-raiion of the Senate.
VVh le theae qneatiana have been pendinir,
tncidentahave occurred, of oonflicting preten
tontand or dangerous character, upon the,
terr.tory itaelf, u dispute between the two'
nations. By a ommon undemtandinff bw;
tween the Government, it wa aprreed, that'
no exerciae of exclusive Jurisdiction, by eit'.ieri
fany, wiiiie me nerotiatinn waa nend
ackuowledferL and tt nf ik.,. ..-.
Ud urxm every principle ot juatice. to a can.
rod examination. The propoaal but made to
aw rrencn uwverntiient baaoetn loafer thr
abject, whicii haa formed an obaUoU to tliia
ontiaeratlon, to the deritiiimli'.a ufiSr
verei 'n, tlic common frirud, of both. To tun
uir.-r no aeoiuttve anivrer h yet been re
eeived, b-tt the rIhnt ajj honorable spirit
which has at all times beect the pride auds;lo
ry of France, will not ultynatoly permit tha
u-'naiida of innocent auffarera tu be mxtia.
KJ, aru, h fnere cooacioutnesa of the
.k..ij -l m. , . i"-'"Rts aju'Mteu in uie mere
ahouMchanjfe.it,, ofthe niwslion of j er ,a ,ject
neot. to b definttive v sr tiled snnh rAlll." i . r-.,.. r
aionhaa. ...K. f. Z ' , ' m '""V -""P
. , l'J l".P ce, commerce, tiaa been concluded with the
i... .. ' . v " I "
y irecurrencea, tlteprrcj character of w hich
nas not vet been aveHained. communi-
eation from ihe Governor of the Si.t. mf
tlaiiie, with aconmpanrine docamrnta. and
correspondence between, the nVcretarv tf
State and the Minitter of Oia Rniim
this subject, are now communicated. M
sure ha been taken to ascertain the tatr
or the facta more correctly, by the emnlny
ment of a Srteeial Airent." -.tit wi.it it, .i'.t
avh.M ilU .H-tJ-a -TL. . " " ' ic-wu,imhi dm arceto
1 t V i Wy Htm emmencod and i now In tr,v
... - -. wucii mvivca. f KTew. roe i
win oe irons minwj to cons;r!t, ;
wiiiie so many of the objects of hieb in
ttrest to the friendly relation between the
two countries have been si. far adjusted, i' ia
mutter of re fret I that their views respectine;
n.r tominnniiii micrcwirae between the IJ-
the Oth dav of Vebr, UonI' h..VT SS'iV ' JT0 "". """ "nabated. a..d l
triemllv atrr. i mcnt.
At the commencement of the last session of
J Coiifrvrss. tie were informed of the sud 'en
, and uncxp'cted'xrliiNion. hv the Bri'ish Ho.
ernment, i.f access, in vessels of the ITni'ed
StatcH, to all their colonial ports, except those
tfnmedia'ely lorderin(r upon our own territo
ries In the amicable discussions which have
succeeded the adoption of this mftaiir
i n ot tireat Bntain, has termmated in the
Hnstment of some of the questions at issue
m ss'isfsctory. terms, and the postpone
i of orhera for future discussion nd
r ment. Tje purpose of the Convention,
luded at St. Petershurjf, oo the 12th
-f July, 1825. under the mediation of th"
K.mperor Alexander, have been carried
effect by a stihseqtient Convention, con
ed at London on the 13th of November.
lie rftiincaiioni ot whtcn
;it that place oi
A copv of the proclama'inn issued on
.-iieteeiith uy of March last, publishing
: invention, is herewith coinquinicatrd
. (rres The sum of twelve hundred
ur thoMsaiid nine hundred and sixty
h, therein stipulated to he paid to the
nts or indemnity under the first Article
t- Trenty of Ohent, has been duly receiv-
i .1 the ct.mmission iiuti'mrd. conforma-
'j the set Of Conjrressof tbe second of J which, as it affected harshly the interests of
.I'-eh hist, for 'he distrihiyion ff the indemM I'i'ted States, became a subject of expos
t y to the persons entitled to receive it, are.i tulation on our part, the principles upon which
i'v in session, and approa'-hiur the consnm ! ia justifirslion has been traced, have been of
aMon.ot their labors. T his final disposal of niyersinert character. It has e n at once
ie of the most painful topics ofeollision be-1 ascribed to a mere recurrence to th old Ions;
n imi the United States and Great Britain, established principle of colonial monopoly,
t only affords an occasion of trratulatiop to ""d at the same time to a ferlhur of resent-rael'-es,
but has had the happiest effect in ) ment, because the. offers of an Act of Pari ia
omotinjra friendly disposition, and in sof- ment, opening the colonial porta upon certain
lingiisperities upon other objects ijf discus- j conditions, had not been groped at with wif
in. Nor ought it. to puss withoyt the tri. ficient eagerness, by an instantaneous con
te of a frank ahd cordial acknowledgment ; formity to. them. At a subsequent period it
the magnanimity with' v hicli an honorable h been Intimated that the new exclusion
tion, by the reparation of, their own a in resentment., because a prior Act of
ongs, achieves a triumph more glorious . I'arliament. of 1822, opening certain colonial
n any field ofblood can ever bestow. i ports, under heavy and burdensome restric
rhe Conventions of 3d July, 1815, and of ' 'ion to vessels of the United States, had not
ih Oct., 1818, will expire b'y their own limi- been reciprocated br an admission of British
ion on "SOtb Oct, IS29 These have regu-1 'vessels from the colonies, snd iheir cargoes,
rd the direct commercial inerceirse be j without any restriction or diacv munition what
en '.f U. States ft G. Britain, upon terms ever. But, be (be motive for the interdiction
'he most perfect reciprocity, and they what it may, the British Government have
ecled a temporary compromise of the re-1 roanuYstrd no disposition, either bv negotia
lion or ov
Treaty of A nity. Navigation, and
Kingcium of Sweden, which will be submit
ted to the Senate for their advice with, re
Kn us ranncation. At a mure .recent
date, a Minister Plenipotentiary from the
Hanseatic Republics of Hamburg,. Lubeck,
and Bremen, has b-en received. r.h,,,l
with a.spt cial mnskMi for He nefxtia.i.m of.
m i rrv4i Amity and t;mnmerre between
thut ancienl and rennwned league and the
reauft hf wbWth HL F m.
be oUo submitteto the enatc for tiwlr
Consideration.' ' ',..'. ,"..j.-' J!
s Since the. accession of the Emperor Nich
Alas to tli Ijuperiald hronejff ;he . Huh ,.
the friendly dispositions tawarda th Canted'
-ia es, so constantly iiMrnfestecl by
rtive rights and riaims to territory west
d of the .Hocky Mountains These ar
emeuts have beenVnntinued for an inde
'e period of time, after the expiration of
above mentioned Conventions; leaving
!i party the liberty of terminating them,
giving twele months notice to-the other,
e radiral principle of all commercial inter
irse between independent nations, is the
tual interest of both parties It is the viial
rit of trade itself) nor can it be reconciled
' he nature of man, or to the. primary laws
unman society, that any traffic should long
willingly pursued, of which all the advan
"S are on one aide, ami all the burdens on j
: other Treaties of Commerce hat e been
nd, by experience, to he among the most i
ective instruments for promoting peace
1 harmony between nations whose inte- j
s, exclusively considered on either side, 1
brought into frequent collisions by com
tition. In framing such trehlies. it is the
:y of each party, not simply to urge with
yielding pertiiiacy that which sui'sits own
crest, . but lo concede liberally to that
lich in adapted to the interest of the rher.
i accow(.Iih this, little more is generally
uirfd tlum a sinple observance of the rule
reciprocity; &ud weve it possible for the
.tesmcn of one natioiv by stratagem snd
magemeiit, te obtain from the weak
bs or ignorance of anollier, an overreach
I treaty, such a compact would prove sr.
etitive to war rather than a bond of jere
ir conventions with Great Britain are found
upon the principles of reciprocity. T
mmercial intercourse between the two rrtun
is greater in magiiilude and amoii'v
n between any f.vo other i.atinns ou t if
ube. It is, for all purposes of benefit or ad
"tt'ge to both, as preciotH, and in all pro
ty, far more eatenie 'tluin if the par.
a were still constituent parts of one and
e same mrtion. -Treaties between ich
atev re(rnlating,tl intercourse of teaee
'wee- them, and adjuating intetes of such
"tacendent importance to both, which have
n found, in a long experience of years,
utually advantageous, sbohUl not he ItKHtly
,neelled or discontinued. Two Convention,
r continuing in force those above meuvion
been concluded between the Plcn-
rresponding leetslative enact.
ments, to recede from it, and we have ben
given distinctly to understand, that neither of
the bills which were under the consideration
of Corgrfss, at their last session, would have
been deemed sufficievt in their conces ions,
to have been rewarded by any relaxation from
the British interdict. It is one of the incon
veniences inseparably connected with the at
tempt to adjust, by reciprocal Ifijlatioiv, in
terests of tiiii nature, that neither party can
know what would be satisfactory to the other;
and that, after enarting a statute fortheavow.
ed and sincere purpose of conciliation, it will
generally hi found uttrrly inadequate to the
expectations nf the other party, and will ter
minate in nuvual d sapi.ointnient.
The s. sslon of Congress having terminated
without any act upon the subject, a Proclsma-
tion as isued,on the 17th of March last,
conformably to the provisions of the 6jh sec
tion of the Act of 1st March, 182o, declaring
the tact that 1 lie trade
thorized by the British
24th of June, 1822, between the United Sta'es
and the British enumera'ed colonial ports,
had heen lv the subsequent Arts of I'arlin
ment, ot 5tli July, 1825, and the Order of
Council, of 2rth July, 1826, prohibited. The
effect of this I'rorlamation, by the terms of
the act under w hich it was issued, hs been,
that each and every provision of the Act con
rernitig Navigation, of 18th April, 1818, and
of the Act supplementary thereto, of 15'h
May, 182(, revived, and ia in full force.
Such, then, is the present condition of the
trade, that, useful as it is to both parties it
csn, with a single momentary exception, be
can ied on 'directly by the vessels of neither.
1'bat exception itself is found tn a prochU
malion F the Governor of tbe Mand of St,
Christopher and of the. Virgin Islands, Invit-.
ing, for three months from ibe Uflth of August
. . .
i" i rcBifimrurtwry twrial tllal
place. From the Intesest taken by thiB
Sovereign in behalf of the suffering Greeks,
and from the spirit with whiuh others of the
Great European Powers are co-operating
with him, the friends of freedom and of hu
manity may indulge the hope, thai they will
ob'ain relief from that moat unequal of eon
diets, which they hare' so long and so gal.
lamly sustained; that they will enjoy the
blesin; of self government, which, bv their
aiifTeringa in the cause of liberty1, they have
richly earned; and that their inaep(rHk,,lCw
will be secured by those liberal institutions,
of which thrir country furnished the earliest
examples in the history of mankind, and
wh'eh have consecrated to tmmoral remem
brance the very soil for which they are now
again profusely pouring forth their bloodi
The sympathies which the People and Go
veromem of the United States have so warm
1y indulged ith their cause, have heen ac
knowledged by the,ir Government, in a letter
of (hanks, which I have received 'rum their
illus' rinus President, a translation of which
is now communicated to Congress, tbe Re.
presentatives of that nation to whom this
tribute of gratitude was intended to be paid,
and to whom it was justly due.
In the American hemisphere, the cause of
freedom and Independence has continued to
prevail; and if signalised by none of those
splendid triumphs which had crowned with
glorj ftyne of t he preceding years, it has only
been Worn the banishment of all external
force' ojraiost which the struggle had beeu
maintained The shout of victory has been
superseded by the expulsion of the enemy
over whom it could have- been achieved.
Our friendly wishes and cordial goodwill,
which have constantly followed the Southern
nations of America in alt the vicissitudes of
their war of Independence, are succeeded
by a solicitude, equally ardent and cordial;
that, by the wisdom and purity of their inU
i tutiuns, they may secure to themselves tbe
I choicest blessings of social- order, and the
best rewards of virtuous liberty.. Disclaiming
alike all right and all intention of interfering
; in those concerns which it is the prerogative
of- their Independence to regulate aa to them
shall seem fit, we had with joy every indica
tion of tlteir prosperity, of their harmony, of
, tin i persevering and inflexible homage to
! 1 1 ruse principles of freedom and of equal
and intercourse au-' rights, which are' alone suited to the gonitis
Act of Parliament, of and temper of the American nation. It has
been therefore with some concern that we
have observed indications of intestine divi
sions in some of the Republics of the South,
and appearances of less union with one ano
ther, than we believe to be the interest of all.
Among the results of this state of things has
been that the Treaties concluded' at Panama
da not appear to have been rati6ed by the
contracting parties and : that the meeting of
the Congress, at Tacubaya has been indefi
nitely postponed. In accepting the initia
tions to be represented at tins Congress
while a manifestation was intended em the
part of tbe United States, of the moat friendly
disposition -towards the Southern- Republics
ov whom it bad been proposed, it was nopert
that it would furnish an opportunity for bring.
Ing all the nations of this hemisphere to the
common acknowledgment, and adoption of
th diolo-natic di-u ,. . u: -i
Jwaro, of thaav- 3-r.rSyfs.fr irTtHrrlK- .ay
of the Ciwted S'atea. an.1 of ..ti.. ,i.:k
rs-Bl as.if eem-w-mg imaediaflv fWwn
that (.erwment i self .he Charge d fTai-r
of the United Statav indef impreaWon
that hisreprMwtir.nsh behaW of fir? right
and intereataof his eoonrrvmen were totalis
disrefardrdaia qseleaa.' d'ei ittrd it his duly,
without wailinrf.H inar-tiMiA..i i-
his offlcial functions, t demand his pasMwrV
and return to tbt United 8t.ea This mo. e.
Jent, dictated by an honeat tr-l r,w tu.
and interests of his cnuntrv;. motiwa whith
operated esolys-vely nuoa tbt ibi-kJ of tlte
oiicer who resorted to it, lu not tjeeniiaap.
provel hv me. The lira ha n (;0yertime,.t,"
liowever, complained of ii -t a meait-e fbr
t bih noad-quute iutratiil cause had been
t;iva by theoit and upon an -xplC,t as
surance, .throuffc their Cha e- - d'Air.;. ...
aiding here, that a successor to Hi,. lte h,.
preaentaiive of the United Kta'ea i..r i....
Government, the an.jointment ,J" .!.,
desired, sfmnld be reot-ived ant lre.ie I with
'he respect due t his f.liuincer. and tl.i
ndemnity should be pr.nn.jtly made f. all
injuries infliu'ed on ci'ucns .of the United
slates or their pjanertv. enntrarv to .K. 1,.
'it nion,a 1 mpnran com masitiii as t harre
Affsirestc, list country has hevn .... y4
which it is hoped wi entirely r.stnre the
ordinary duil.imatic intercourse between the
two Goyervneiits, and the friendly r latiom
!;wejp iij. iv respective nations
, Turning fiorh the momentous rnnri.m nf
our U'vm. in its iotercuurse'wiihfireign na.
tions to-those of he -deeneat intereki in itiM
admiiTitmn hfour internal affaira, we find
the revenues of the present ver eorresnon.
d-itiAssaettriy 'as-itijght be expected to the
ytttiojpatfona of (tie bist an(f presehfihg an .
bept'sf .lWre favorable in the pmrhUie of the
next, The balance !n the Treasury, on the,
first of Jantmry last, was six millions three
hundred a id fiih eicht thousand I'm hunifroft
and eighty-six dollar and eighteen Ce il
vet rrreived can show, amiMiiit uTtpl;S2i-'
Irons e;ght hundred & eighty six thousand five
hundred St eigh'y-one dollars and thirty-two
nts The receipts of the present Quarter.
stimated at four mill qimi five bundled and
fifteen thniisand, added to the abo- e. form an
sreregate of twenty one mdlioos four hnn.
dred thousand dollar of receipts " The ex
petiditures ot the year mav perhaps amount
to twenty wo millkms 4hree hundred thou
sand dollars presenting'a small exces over
'hr receipts. ,But, of these twenty. two mil
linns, upwarda of six have been applied to
the discharge of the principal of the oublic
debt; the whole amount of which, approach-
mg seventy-tour millions on the hrst of Janu
ary last, will on the first day of next year, fall
short of sixty-seven millions and a half 1'he
balance in the 1 reasury, on the first of Jan
uary next, it is expected will exceed five
millions four hundred' and fifty thousand
lollart; a sum exceeding hat of the first of
January, 1825, though falling short of that
exhibited on the hrst ot January last
It was foreseen 'hat the revenue cf the
present year would not equal that of the last,
wh'eh had itself been leas than that of the
iext preceding year. But the hope bus been
realized which entertained, that these
lefii iencies would in nowise interrupt the
steady operation of the discharge of the
public debt by the annual ten millions de
'oted to that object by the Act of 3d March,
The amount of duties secured on Merchan
dise imported from the commencement of
the year until the 30th of September last, is
twenty -one millions two hundred and tw. uty
ljm TiMlt Of l 4rTc TTK h l,U fcam Wmm Le.k.i Aw I-
- yw MHiwr sa ana.
-rfw of lb W arrvasw aawirr lb " "wt y-wk. k i,r , ,iw
Wimtm ml 1 - ereiary a ar, s"' WlW P-- ' a-
tll Wowi bf tk rett fx that eftW yf "" u,u l'r- -'--a.
4 rVt docuateau u sk! k osa. L.. L'l!!' A art of ai',
prnnrd , "" -T'"w a- tkw anjan M lb anwa.1. i
)Tsl9 ls IKS. wkb aw.K-. aWUtaraaaiaa aallTwwm H.-. ' , Hi .
Northwester India wsv awra aiuwrf a.
ttrappuiat place ov.rtmr, tbe am.
rrHo4rd aamtlrrof weM ci ue ns and
" ut-xiuivooa) bovtiCv emm.tiej
bf a pany of lb Wia.ba,T. tribe,. sa l
indicatioaa of a
aJ-ayted ,U. Treaty, yulkwed by
anat w4 aan .IL tW
awfWtl sttantaiauMa aav U L. at
PI saHklkm nf IfalVMt ftaW MIMm a.krk-l. i J
! fad a.,W. whiA asaaiaaa il.
w IIIM BSKrint- ImA ti.. I.
sa aar M imrtMhlaaio drUf f thedW
.kT Petrecnr loraw of ik Cm on
aw the "wsjtedlara and eunewMaJl
- . - " WV.THIVIII,
Z ,k A" axe of lib!. and
Of the Trrr lorv of ilirhl.!, .
"f U r -.ib-oty. wUi .
-BTawfat aaT 7.al .
70JI n of U sutr. truaua under
f Ml Uo.oroar la imuMiatrf, re.
sarea lo tne ,ue nf 4arTwa-a
hrut at r lia ' Tne
Of the Indjen. , Tkw ptprtnio. of ,PK
muM, ra wcte, isArreiujrai t tlae aiilaurtu
aim operation, af H,r and. ry ap.
! ; - arwuiiytroat thaue
..in tr.ocwaaa Bu'jwdrd XH .
AtabwBf. tho hnw.1 oraaiaatioii of tba Ar.
wy. aao (netMmirSNR 4 a vai-ioaa braaehet
... -, aw, UfMwt lit whole, laitiatartory, IBry
are ye4 auaaeoubln 1 '
j-ru. ai.rs torn wbiah ka Je.
ulia4M-l m ManKtorati m
1ta yiuflu. t ii . ...
,r " rue;ior andaXnal annv
sji-s f AJlftvrrs m the two aorpa -if Katrine
will, as iirrj,;, ,tVoen, pmt th, a.mbp
ami eab of lb objea. .f wad hnnnrtane
-f"" -iagre ataythmk si lurrmer that
" .ip, is or Hie anrveva
hft-h, betor Ibo last aruton of Coaeress bad
7 ' "t Mumnry o XliM act, r
poKs were utadei c - - . ZZ
ilHCheapi.akeandthjlCMai, , "
US IM OnMHUIanow T tW. V..: 1 n i
fmi Cumberland lo ti tii whIot within the
3. On tbe nntmuatina oi tb National Road
ti-am Canton toaeille.
0,!1le fJ?io" Me National ttoad from
. On ha atjnution of the saiMitoaalte
the Seat ol jwenim,t i MWsrmri. 4. . .
-Un Po" ,io,,i 'rona Baltimore to Phila
delphia. . 4
7. Ofa survey of Kennabee river, (in part1
K Oo a Natiooal lioad from Waahmk-too to
9. Oh the survey orSanewtitek harbor and yiver.
lU.s'Oa a ana from llmitsiiarui totlie
ill iaaUatlIU Muob
tl On survey at Edgartoam, ' "NewbHryrio'rt,
and Hysnius harbor. -s " M
' 11 Op anrvey of La Plaiaaose Bay, io the Ter.
i-iNrj-of MialiigaB;' v - ' . .
And report are now prepaid, and will ba
o aorveys olUe retimrura m a-W,i.
certain the practicability of a eanaj tn eonneet th
waters of the Atlantic with th Golf nf Mexico,
acrrs that Peninsulat and aUj.of th oountry be
tween the Bays of Mobile and of Pcnaaroia, wltfi
the vit fff onaeetiiur them tigetlusr by a aanal;
On surveys of a route for a canal to connect the
water of James and Great Kenhawa rivers;
On the survey of the Swash In Pamptieo Sound,
and that of Catie-Kear, below the town of Wil
mington, in Niii-th Carolinai ....
On the survey of the Muscle Shoals in the Ton.
nessee river, and for a route for a contemplated
communication between the lliwaisce, and Coosa
rivers, ia the State of Alabama,
Other reports of snrveyi, upon object! pointed
out by the several act of Congress of the fast and
preceding sesslms are in the progress of prepar
ation, aiul most of tbevn mav be eomuleteu before
the alose of this session. All the ntheer nf both
Corps of Rnsineers itn severs! oilier persons
duly qualifieil.have been constantly employed up
on these services, frnm tbe passase ot the act uf
3iHh April, 1 824, to this time. Were no other
advantage to accrue to the country from their la
bor than the fund of tnpori aihi al bno !e(!t
wiiu n ttiey nave collwvt aiul t-niiuutiitH-ateri,
thai alr-ne would have been profit to the Uninn
more than attenuate to alt the cMicnditUis wbiMi
have been devoted to the objevt; but tlte appropri
atinris fur the repair and continuation of the Cum
berland Boad, for the construction of various ut ti
er roads, for the removal of obstructions from- the
Rivei-s and harbors for the erection of Light
h uses, Beacons Piers snd Buoys, and tbe the
completion of canals, undertaken by Individual
associations, but needing the assistance nf mesns
and resources rnore eomprehemifva than bidlvid
naf enterprise can command, maybe cinsidertd
rather as treasures laid up Oonv the contributions
ot the present age. tor the benefit ot posterity,
ret ami tarota, Um aa.
wb7k-L" "-:'cr: rr
BwaksaMvtV'a-AtKitJ.awd ,MTUtL saml
awauaaatUaa of th ail. a,Z
to the yoJifT! sod UXTt
satMartnry for tba m-wnt aaai atill am
U w inaxVed an w w dvM.-mi 7!2
niiUi lu at-. , i . i . . . .
. ; ""i"uwu,iaj.uMa4
to sanjuii rn-
s.iam u.-h t . -.. nr
Islisad. 1m Wi. - ;n l . ' .
axnemUueo mm -fe,Miibft lJTzT
Mwa. aTTtatJV aUsnaaiaal laV- . - .
a,U easy be aadclpated that, waiuT. fca.it-
of kteraourve br-.U hHT
or by wirrrsa-wdW... ..n Zll lZfr
door M emma-r I, the 17 " .
plus of ravetine wdi aeeme, hh mayZVnli!
ed as the wisdom of C.,, ZSZ !rWl .
of ihelr onitu.u.1 "1.Z" w" .r"r .
fie Ibe llir.1 -.i:.ki: '::V.' nevts .
.iJ.-..r . -.-" mrwviaaeBt of
Jep-MI. ma-lspr by adilingToi tWhTTdi
mdieatlot,. of tbe iiMatHTrm. a,! I, I " J?? '
wntry, aon can be wore r,ie.inw .tl ' .lTT,
,. t 7 a -. intayaj
-'mllntretatioi,s of wtraosy.
rse bvtween tn ijlrBj,
H P5"", itaact
AnvmK subjects- which LU iavL:-l
eo.u-Uhe earnest aolieitad ,m nttZZTn"
M 1. Ik - . . .. v. t.
S"Lh,L,nM;"w", taml iliMat of UialTwe.
rnadattheexpeBeoi thewhoUfT.u. Vw?f ,:
six thousand, and the probable amount of than aa unrequited application of the aeeruine-
that which, will be secured during the re- ; venue of tbe nation. Tnsovti objeeU of perma
mainder of the year, is five millions seven I nent improvenatn Aeeimdhwoof tte
Imndred and aeventv-four thousand dolUrs; i ? T "I 'Vif
forni,D..m total of twe,.tv..en million. ' eoratort ,!Pth! People by whose authority andr
o " . '
ast.theimDortationi;fthearticles6flhe pro- the prine'ipres i the regulation of their
duce of the United Slates - which" constitttte International relations which woukj ' have
their espoit portion of this trade, in tbe ver- secured a lasting peace and hartnony between
sets of all naiibus- That period having alrea. Uiem, and have promoted the eaue of ma,
dy expiyeil, the sUte of mutual interdiction' tuad benevolence throughout the globe,
has sgstn taken place; Th British Govern- But as obstacle appear to hav arise to tbe
ment have not only dc-rUn-d negotiation upon re assembling of the Cangress one of the
th- siibiect i Kid . 1 v 'the yirimtple thevjiawe two Minister commissioned Of. the; psrt -of
assumed with rifcrence to it, have precluded the United States has tr'omed t.tlie bosom
With the allowances for drawbacks and con
tingent deficiencies which may occur, though
not specifically foreseen, we may safely esti-'
mat, the receipts of the ensuing year at
twenty-two millions three hundred thousand
dollars? a revenue for the next, equal to the
expenditure of tbe present year.
the deep solicitude telt by out citizens of
all classes throughout the Union for the total
discharge ot tbe public debt, will apologise
fnrthe earnestness with which I deem it my
duty to urge this topic upon the conaideratioa
ot Congress of recommending to them again
the observance of the strictest economy in
the application of the,' public funds The
depression upon the receipts of the revenue
wniou nan commr.ocea wwn tht year too,
continued with tuisiiased severity duxing
the two first quarters of the present year.
The returning tide began to now with the
third quarter, and, so far as we can'jbdge
from experience, maybe espected tu con
tinue through the course of the ensuing ear.
In the meantime, an alleviation front tbe
burden of the public debt will, in the three
years have been effected, to the amount of
nearly sixteen millions and the charge of
annual interest will have been redei c t. up
wards of one million. But among the maxim
of political economy which the lite ward of
the public money should never tatter with
out, urgent neceesiajr to be transcended, ia
that of keeping the eipenditures of the year
'within tbe limns of itareceipt.. The appro-
' . f -1 - - . . ? i i - . . . .
pnaiion oi ins two laav years nvciuuing ie
yearly 'tea millrons of th sinking fund, have
each a quailed, th promised revenue of the
enauiog yeaav. While are foresee with confi
dence that tile pubne etifTers will be replen
ished from the receipts as fast 'as the Will
be drjineu iw the ercndUurer, eyiuaj lo
Sources thty bate been effected, from three to
four millions of the arniual hieoma of th nation
have, by laws enacted at tbe three most resent
sessions of Congress, been applied, without in
treucliing upon tic necessities of die Treasury;
without adding a dollar t the taxes or debts ol tb
communKy; without suwiending even tbe steaily
and rrgnlar discharge of the debts contracted in
former days, which, within the same three years',
have been diminished by tli amount ol aeaviy
Btxieen niHiiimsoiaoiiaya, , ... . ,
The same observations ant. In a Irreat deetr.
p)lieable to the appropriaiinn made for fortifl
catknisnpoa (he eoaatsand harbor of lb Uaitet
States, lorth maintenance of the Military Aca
demy at West Point, and lor tbe various object
under the sunermtettdeiM of the Department of
tlie Navy. The Hetmrt of the Secretary f the
Navy, and those irom the suboeduiate brandies of
both tbe Military Departments exhibit lo Con
gress, io minute detail, tbe present condition ef
the public estabhslinients (lepenoent upon tnemt
the exeeuiiuu of the acts of Congre relating to
them; and the views of the officer, engxged in th
several branches ot tat service, concerning the
iinNroveinent which may tend to their perfection.
The fortification ot tbe Coasts and the cradual
increase ana, imptwveaieiit ot the niavy, ai parts
of 'a great systeoMif national ilefcnce. which has
been upwards of tCnyrnr in progress, end which.
tor a . snnes ei years- to some, will aooiMiae io
claim' tbe constant ad perse vet me proteetion snd
supernitenaanee oi the legislative authority. A
mong the. measure abich have emanated from
these peine ijiass", th act of tbe last session of Con
gress for the gradual improvement of the Navy,
holds a osnicttus tdaee. - Tb eoHectioa of
timbet for the future construction of vessels of I
warrho preservation and reproduction at tbe
species of timber peculiarly adapted to that pur
pose f the construction of Dry Dock for the as
of the Navy; the erection of a Marine Railway
tor the repair of the public ships and the Ira
provement of the Navy Yard fnr ihe,prerrva
i.m ofthe pulilie property fiposiU'it in Uiem;
i hive, all received from the Saeeutrre the attaor
m treasure bmi blood, mark , right nf
ty in Hum euually rxtenslve. By the rr -
and autement n-.. .1.. f--...i..l ""S l""!
fin. oammumed; p CZ,C&
present Goyemmen't nf the Unked Siat J. V , ,
little short of thirty .thfe mill
beeh pud from tb' runm Trr fcysK
portbm of this oronertv Wl.i.K fcT.T7 .tnr
ofthe aborigmtl title.- The amount i?"??
qiured m nearjwo kindred and sixty miriJt
acres, of yhjeh, on then! ntSmmr, ruM 1
tee loHI-n. t acre had bee soldVR
wotint ,kI tatnthe T.rry b, meJhaLr. '
for the whole, but havei ..u l.i... "I'
ll i . ' " ,D TeV le J""" be redeem- ,
ed. 1 he system upon which this nati-nal
interest has been managed wa tl e result of lone V
anxtoos andpereyei inS deliberatiou; matuisji '
end moilifled by the nroeresa of nn iw.niJ - -
and the lessons of experience, k ha bees , haheittL
eminently snocesftit. Mre than nine-n-nths of
the land still remain the common property of die
Union, tbe appropriation and ispoiwi f- bicb'"
are sacred trusts (n die hands of CmtttrVs." ' if i
thtfhnds sold, a eonsiilerable pan ivtrm eonveved .
undw extended credits wbioh, fn the vicissitude .
aad fluetiBMions in the value of lauds, wi4 of their
produce, became oppreasively boleosoiue tuheJ ;
purahaaers. It can never be the Interest or the!'4
policy of the nation to wrina- from -u; -
the reaarmnlile profits of their Industry and e .lee. , .
prise, by holding them to the rlgoro,,. Import cfV t
disastrous engagements. In March, t3l. ailebt
of twenty-two millions pf dollar, due bv pwiia- . i
ers of the public lands ki atjeuiiiiirMeit, whath t s
they were unable tn pay.' A t of tmress of" '
the Sd of Msreb.-taai. mum to ib-tr ii..r -.iv
haa been succeed I by mhert th latest btiiltT
the vt of the 4ih of Ma. ' gad,
provision vf which expired on tlie 4Hi ot MhlvV"
tb debt fVetn lb pnrehsvers to a rumainhic bal-l ;
anc. cf, ahout tmr millbmf three hundred tbif-r .
and dollar duet more than three-fifths of whichX'
are fir land within the Stat of Ai-i.-- Z '
anev tor a further term, of theweueficmnfaccoin-'
nioilat to the public debtort, nf ttiat ttotute,
sad tarhmit to rWealderatum, in the same spH
rit of tymbv. itkarm.fa-;Ai.i . J. - .
" . : - i " , . miucr proper QIS- '
There are vnrinu other4mMMa -r 4 '
fiirestto the whole Union, wmeb have before
keen reommended to th ehnakleratioil of Con
gress, a. well by my redeMwors, a. nd, f the S
mipia&kmietthe dutie deyelving up.. me, by
mysell. Among these are ti. jl., -... -It
jostlwB jrratitodav fe the suryivmg warriors
at the RjiVnliillnnM w'a, "5. -
Judiead Ailmiiiiatrytjonof tM I edorul GMnt, r
.t rrw VTu t ,na m,Ior","t member rf;,
o th. Union; which, have men into existence
I V. i t r""m'M'u" w KTCT-mt iiitliaii7 en h
account of liwebase of the puhlw 'hinds ad I
aa to allow of their rD!ication tn !.. 1 !
tablishment, now vimstitate at least one third off ' , '
its terninry, power: awt pnpolationr tha form- "
U.U. Ml MAm. .fultu.! u!l . " . ...
. - m... uniinrm system tor . "
IhMwnmmitiHilAritu.ajiiihU. -j . .. i . ,
n t-... M.iiii' . im iii .ru-1 1. ri ..
Uon, m some form orniodiflMiiJon, of the diversi.
neo ana oium oppts?sive ode relating to insol-- V -
vrncv.' -Amillat lh mtil,i..li-lw . .
. - -('"V 01 great ;
namnai onneeninicnt whb my reeomi'end ' "
tiyemaervesto the ealmand paleiotiedeliberati-m . : -i- ;
df the Legislature, may- wfBrtr tn say, w. U
these and all ether measures, which mav iMm -' & 4
men- saneuon, toy Hearty ao-operHtie-sj w ill be ivi ' f i,
wn, .mi.n-nuiuij o we annes emnhten apon me ' ''
and nndertlie seaaeof aB the obl.i -.i'
scribed, by the Constitution. " -c , - ,r (
, . -.,-., --(uinvtrf WIJAVUSV ii e4 "
' " ' 1 ' " ' ' 1 III .p K ''.'' '
'. ' vyc: BEN A I E. .f-, m
Mr. Jnnea rawnM Sill -n- ' ''' "'.- -T
. -.... , . ' -"'w yunuer '
time for the payment of the purchase iuone, u ; ; r'i
entries for vacant landi" maileaa the year ism -t ". '
which passed its first readutr?. i .-; . . if ? i
nvs aa . s ifinowu ieai.riroi , wj.h:." - '. ,!.,.. , ..
. i"s rs.-arw-3 Hiwn,uivu UIG tlt4.lt ion IH ltiltafer '';... f
a- a. . -'it, . " --' T. ;.' '
ninauitanw or iiomgoroery county, pravina for v. v
thepaissge of a law to prevent the tuiibe'r hiti-o."' . r
j.i.ii.. a, iMW . a . i. .. w. ... - ir. - . - i ,
v, nm, wm ui omc - ueieiTeu to the "' ' ' '
ommitb-e of Iropeitkns snd Grievaija-e" ' i ' , "j
i Mr Pkkett, from the Judiciary eommiilee: to ?
v niwu wto qin.jcc wanTT-icTTwn, reriorusl at;iU td '
allow the rtgfit.if rttslleoV to the Sate v ,,ir.
asaoa. Mr. h'lcka alan mnrir4 - W.tl'.i. : ' , . -
U T. lijl .