North Carolina Newspapers

    cTiap. 131^. ^erfe izd- ill
■^Imothv, ch;i!’. 61I1,ve’'1'ts lit and 2d.
■^itus, cha,>. 2;i, verles yr'i and loth.
1 ll Peter, chaj). 2d, vetfe 181I1. lllCo-
liiithi'au.s, chap, 7tli, vcrics 2id and 22d.
This allowance ot jiavery was not only
known in ihc days of t'ur Saviour, and
BltC'- his time, but Mofes, the Jewilh
iegill it( TjWht) received the Divine com-
jnanJ'., and tlic two tables from Heav
er,, liAtd it r.s a principle in his laws ; for
lic not only countenanced.- the llavery
of ohter people, but fuch was the po *’cr
of the jcwidi father,' that he was per-
niitL»-d to fell his children, nay, his very
tlaujtluer as a concubine. And the Ro
man l.ivv's, admired for their ireedom,
carried the power of the father to the
fcliint' his fon as a (lave three dilTerent
tunes, and it w’as not until the fon had
redeemed himi'elf tlie third time, that
thislon wasreleafed from thisopprellion,
and the power of the fatlier ditfclved.
liir, the book I have fo tifieu quoted
on the principles oi humanity, one of die
main fopports of the Chrillian religion,
fo far from differing with this pcrmilfion
cf flavery, that Mr. Millar again men
tions (after relating the praftice of do-
meftic flavery among the nations of an-
tiqnity,’fucli as the Egyptians, the Phue-
ricians, the Jews, the Babylonians, the
I’erfi.ins, the Greeks, and the Romans)
“ There are indeed hut few f .ivcs a-
mong the greater part of the'favagcs of
America ; becaufe, from the fituation of
that people, they have no opportunity of
acctimul iting wealth for maintaining
anv number of fervants. As in ordina
ry ca e , they find it burJenlome to give
fubiillence to an enemy, whom they
have fubdued, they are accultomed to
indulge their natural ferocity by putting
him to death, in cold blood. The Tar
tars, on the other hand, who have great
poifcninns of herds and flock, find n»
diiTi.'nlty in fupporting a number of do-
mclHcs. For this realon they commonly
prefer VC their captives, with a vi^w of
reaping the benefits that mav arife from
thdr labours, and the fervitude ella-
bhlhed among that people, difpofes
them to treat their enemies witli a
degree of moderation, which othenvife
could hardly be expefted fiom their
fierce and barbarous difpofitions. The
fame obfervaiions may be extended up
on the coall of Guinea ; which fi c m their
intercourfe with the nations of Europe
derive yet greater advantages from Ipa-
ring the lives of their enemies.”
Thus, Sir, have 1 proved, that it is
not politic for us to interfere either with
the importation or emancipation of
flaves—that it is not wan antable on the
broad bafe of the chrillian religion, and
ihjtt flavery is confidered by able wi iters
as beneficial to the flaves themfelves.
Should I not, however, be able to
convince my friends, the Quakers, and
they fhould ftill perfift in their opi
nion, let them go to Africa. There is a
wide field for their humane fpcculation 1
—There they may marry and be given
in marriage, and have a motely race of
their own. There they may convert
the natives of that continent to th.e te
nets held by themfelves. y'vnd there
Bir, they w ill have it out of power to
prf luce the pernicious corifeqncnccs,
v liich, from their prefent conduil, mull
invvitably eiifiie.
I toesthcjiifliceof ihcinterfercncefland
on better grounds ? I think not.—For
inllancc—1 hoh one thoui'and acres of
tide rice land on the Ahamaha—On
the expedlation of importation, ihcfe
one thoui'and acres are worili three
guineas per acre—take away this expec
tation of importation, and you take a-
W'ay that value altogether ; iellri«5t that
importation, and y>)U diminilh that v;t>
lu.- one half. In the exail proportion *
as you injore the free iinporla'.ion, in
that ratio. Sir, do you irjure the pto-
perty : numbers in Sinith-Carolina and
Georgia, ate in this pridicanient. IIo','/
Sir, aie tlie) t(. be conipenr.'.teJ Have
tliole Friends a purl'e fullicient, and are
they willing to carry their julllco ar.d
hr.maniry fo f.ir as to give it? H-,ive
Congrefi. a treafaiy fuflicicnt to inJ.cin-
nify iheleliolders ; f do not oellcve they
hive, .tod how. Sir, i; jiiilice to be done
V rh.''ip Ii It compeniatioii ? The lame
 bicaion arifes to cm.incip.ition ; tlie
finie coiruicnfatlon jullice tcquiivs.
Si-, ahh''U','h tlii'. '\Varner MifUin, tliis
If ... ier of fedi'ion, li.is ni.tde Ills boalls
..ccd ibis property oac^
half nnJ that hebai; only to accotnplifli
the reiiLiinder, I appeal to Congrels, if
the rights of property aie not .idcqu.ua
to the rights of perfons ; and if on our
enteiing into the contlitntion, the mean
ing of it was not to fecitre the'citizens
in the poffellion of the one as well as the
other ?
Let us laftly examine the life of the
refoluiions contained on the report, I
c.ill upon gentlemen to give me one fiiiv
gle inllance, in which iliey can be of fer-
vice They are of no ufc to Congrefs.
The powers of that boTly luz already
defined ; and iliofe powers cannot bea-
menJed, confirmed, or diminilhed, by
tc;i thoui'and refillutii'.ns. Is not the
firll piopoliiion of the report fully con
tained in the conllitution ? Is not that
the guide and rule of this legillaiure ?
A multiplicity ol laws is. reprobated in
any fnciety, and tend but to confound
and to pxrplex. Hovx’ llrange would a
law appear which was to confirm a law j
anil how much more llrange.mult it ap-
• pear for this body to pafs refolutions to
confiiniihe conllitution under which they
fit This is the calc with others of the
refolutions.—Thefecondis very alarm
ing, as it tenus to emancipation altoge-'
ther.—The third, Sir, in my opinion, is
infulting to the humanity of the Hates;
it feems to be hung out as a monitor to
them, as a kind of 1 emembrancer, tluit
although this body knows them to be
poffeffed of humanity, that the llaies
win not exercife it, unlefs Congrefs tell
tliem of it. Is there a neceil'ry to tell
Uiem thus ? I believe, Sir, that there is
as much humanity excrcifcd in the
fouihern ftates as in any pan of tlie
world, and they have a right to eX' rcii'c
it, in iheif own local politics, as they
plcal'e. The remaining propofiiion will
be of no manner of benefit to either the
public . r the fiave, and the rcflridling
the trade in the leaft degree will give
Very ferious alarms ; for if Congrefs
have a right in one cafe, they have the
tight to reftriifl the trade altogether, and
the moll pernicious conlequcnces will
enfue.
A gentleman from Maryland, (Mr.
Stone) on a former occa'ion, very pro
perly obferved, that the union had re
ceived the different llaics with all their
ill habits about them. This was one of
thefe habits eltablilhed long before the
conllitutiop, and could not now be re
medied. He begged Congrefs to rcflefl
on the ntiniber on the continent who
weiC oppol'cd to this cnnlliuition, and
on the number which yet remained in
the fouihern Hates. The violation of
this compaifl tliey would feize on with
avidity ; thev would make a handle of
it to cover their defigns ag.iinH tlie go
vernment, and many good federalills
who would be injured by the meafurc,
would be indaceJ to join them. His
"heart wa^'inily federal, it liad always
beenfo, and he willieil ihofc defigns fru-
ftrated. He prayed the committee tO
pay fome attention to rhofe confeqnen-
ccs ; to remember how fume member?
on the floor reprobated the ceflion of
Georgia. iVas not "liis, he afked, the
ready w'ay. to encourage tliat ccllinn, to
populate the couiury, and to rend the
bonds of the union aliinder. He beg
ged Congref. to beware erelhey wenj tori
far ; he i ■.’•led on them to attend ta
the interefl of two whole Hates, as well
as ihe memorials of a fociety of Quakersy
who came forward to blow (he trum
pet offeilition, and to deHroy that enn-
ftiiution which ilicy had not in the Icall
contributed, by .pcifnnal fervico or ftip-
ply, to ellablllh. lie fccondcd Mr.
Tucker’s motiom ’
j,''. ^
FOREIGN NEJVS.
oi liavuig
tONDON, rEnr.L'ARV to.
BH.GIC VROVINCtS.
TBE ciladelof.Antw erjibaf eapitiila-
t"dori theevering ol I'liday the 5t!i—the
gaiiifiin aniouiitcd to i2comen. Fa
mine i, the obvious caiil'e of its fall.
TIiils is the bill refiilile of the AnHi iari
power in Brabant yielded. ’’J'he terms of
capitillalion permit die ganilon a free
rctrcaljWiih all the honours of war to
I.ii.stiTibiirg.
V.oulcinierfrh, in his return from
Bi uifels to tire Army, pail'cii through
Kamuron the third. That city from It*
ll'.ualion has become the rci.uev.vous ot
tlie-variousBdetacment ofs volunteers,
whoarctlockingto tliep.itiiotic Itandard.
Fifteen hundred palled on the id ti ..m
Tournai and from Hcinault, and twelve
hundred were Uion daily expeaed ironi
Brabant. ‘ , a , i- •
Limburg has manifefted difpolitions
more deinocratical than the other Bclgic
provinces. They hate recently therelore
fliewn lympions, ol difalieitiion to the
feudal and priellly arillocracy who do
mineer in Brabant.
Though the difference between the
Courts of Rome and Naples, are nearly
adjuHcd, the principal objefl to litigation
is yet undecided on, xlz, whether the
king of Nhiplcs lliall pay the annual lii-
biileofahorfe tothePope. 'Iheprelent is
of itfell inconlideraWle, but is ellablilhed
by the feudal right ot the court-of Rome,
There has been a very ferious not in
rile Iflandof Sicily. The goveinment
had farmed nut the revenue of oil, and
the coniraflor immediately advanced
the price of it. The people lemonllra-
ted, in vain, and at length grew lo in-
cenfed that they refidved to take the ad-
minillratinn of jullice into ilieir own
hands, and ariully hung the contradlor
and all his eniill'ai ies. The'viceroy im
mediately lowered the duty
An American loyalill, wiio wasalk-
"edtotake a ticket for general Burgoyne’s
benefit, at Drury L.ine as Authoi ot the
Heirefs, made the following reply ; “ I
jj iid enough for his fword in Ameiica,
and I am determined to give nothing to
his pen in England.
Froiji ex^ eriinents made by the Earl
of Fife, it appears that the Mangel Wur-
zei, or Kootol Sarcity, notwithllanding
the fliong recommendation of DoiHor
Lettfom, has not anfwered the expe^la-
lions formed by its eulogill, and on a
comparative calculation of its produft
and utility is found inferior to common
turnips, carrots, or turnip-rooted cab
bage, as a food for cattle or the human
fpciccs.
A celebrated dancing mafter at Glaf-
gow, having by fome means or olhei da
maged the Fiddle of a German, one of
themuficians of the Militia band, on the
next day received the following extraor*
dinary challarige.
(Copy of the original.)
” Sir, •
*• 'Voiis le englifc me allemande, voul
take mv Fiddel, de way in my enntree,
be fill dc forde me no want to teach de
djxn'e; me no iindcr.'land vons profef
flon,vous no undclland de mine i v^i
get mine vid de finger.
“ If vons be lie German me expeA
recontre at feveno’elock oiiFri.layniorn-
-ing to givedefati f.iflione.me bring my
comrade for my feconilc, vons bring
your frintle vid you, the wall behind the
jalc, vous no come at your peril.
Wednel'ii.iy nit Signed 'W.”
The affair, however after recourl'c tri
juflice, was at length fettled to faiisfiic-
tinn of the enraged fcra[>er
Tliey write from Conrtantinople,
that arrangements arc m.ule lor prol'e-
Cluing the war iiiih all poHiblc vigour
the enriiing campaigiT It is added ili.it
the Multi lias received direAions to per-
fi rm the ceremony o*'dipping; the bor
der of. he Pi r>i'herS garment into wa
ter, and being prcftTveil in bo'tles, the
gr.ind lignior prei'ents it to the principal
people of the empire, who look upon it
as extremely valuable and mix a drop of
it every day in common water, which
they diink witli gnat ilevoiiort, iin.a-
giiiing it will inevitably fccute them
a defeat in battle.
’I'hc King having figr.ified his defire
of h iving the concerts revived in Weft-
minfler Abbey, arrangemenis arc be
ginning for that pnriiol'e. The 1 . nj
is to be cricrealcd to lojo performers,
vocal and inllrnm n'al.
Some furpi iling efforts have been late
ly made in fpining W'-ollen yarn to an
unexampb-il degi ec ol fineiiefs. A Mils ■
Ives, of .Spaliiii.g.'ha- pgodued a very ex-
lraordinarycxamplcintbisMayipevf rm-
ed with a dillatr. One pound weight was
finin liy this ingenious young lady into
256 Ikeiiis of yarn, each Bein being
500 yards long, making ' a-ls,
amounting to 81 Englilh mi'esand 80
yards in Icngtli. A niaiuilaffiiier of
Norwich propol'ed loworV this yarn in-
to a llia.vl nfa yard and a half li’iiare,
the warp doubled and ..willed, and tkc
wSof Angle, whirh Is erpeftAi to weljj^.,
altogether lei's than two ounces.
To Mr. PITT.
Sir,
AS I know you arc a friend to tole
ration, which you carry fo far that you
think it an injullice to deprive men of
civil advantages, on account of their re
ligious opinions, 1 feel a pleal'uie ia
tianlinitting you an account to which
I was lately a wiinefs, becaufe I know it c
will be to your tolerant mind a veiy
great gr.iti.ication.
’I'-he county of Fnix, in the province
of Languedoc, contains a great number
of Protcitant dlircncers.
The dlirentcrs at Mas d’Azil and
Burdes met their Catholic Brethren laft
week, for the purpofe' of organizing
their municipalities according to the dc»
crees of their National Affembly and
of eleifting the officers of the corpof*
ration.
All were elegible according to the
new decrees, the Proidlant Siffciteri
as well as the Cmholics ) all teH and
corporation laws having been repeal^
ed by the National Alfembly.
I'hc bufiiiel's ol' the eleftion was cob-
duAed with the greateft regularity and
brotherly love. The religious tenets of
the candidates not weigh a feather %
their merit, iiniierftanding, and characa
ter, wee all that -were confidered.
. When the elcAIon was over, tlie Ca
tholics accompanied their ProtellanC
brethren to the place of woifhip of the
latter, afilHed at Tc Deum, and alter*
wards heard a fermon pieachcd by th?
Protelfaiit ininifler.
After the fermon, all perfons prefen^
Cailicbcs as well as Protellahis, tooB
the Civic Oath, and fwore to be true t*
the Nation, the Law, and the King.
I know, Sir, that you will rejoice thaj
Popery and Intolerance have been dU
vorced—and I am convinced that yot|i
will not fuffer the latter to find an afy.
Inmin a ProuHant country, now thaf
Ihe is turned out, of tlie firll Popifli couj^
try in the world.
1 am, with great refpeA,
Your’s, C. lei
Foix, Feb. 22.
Whalev er has been faid to the contrai^
“—W e arc Jriven from goof autboritj t*
underHand, the prefent feffion of parliaB
Tient will be a very long one, as a-
•rnongfl. other nectflaty and iniportanf
national biifinefs, the Following wi^
much engage their attention—
The'flave trade—on which witneffi^
will be examined at large, peihups i^
both houfes, and counfel heard on the
cate. 'I’he repeal of the left aA—oi^
which I'onie Hand is ifbw expeAed to be
made, fhould the friends ofthe eHabiilb,*
ed church not exert themfelves more
than they have hi herto done.
One . of the niembcis in coming tO
tow’ii on the 0(ieniiig of parliament lo(|r
his fpeech, wicli was behind hiscarriage
in liis portmanteau.—We truft this wi®
prove a caution lo all oiators who ma^.
iiereaftc, tniv-d with their elocution
oi ihcir light.
Let ters ofcorrefponilcnce between
majetly and the French king have bcc%
very ficquenl of hue.
A c ite was yeflerday argued and det
tci mined in the court of king’s bencl^
in which the quellion was, “ Wlictliere,
a payment made in bank notes can le
gally be deemed a payment made igi
money.”
'I’he court fai J that the judges ha(
not gone to the extent of deciding thaft
the tender of a debt in bank.notes wa*
a good tender, unlel's I lie party accepteil
itascafli. A payment however, madciB
bank notes, might certainly be deemc®
a p:n-ment made in money, and migh|t
be fo Hill d in a deed orother inllrumenC
bx '■ > I-h any turn ij Hated to be givcj,
or paid,
1 count d’Aircis, it appears
the lall Dutch mail, has not long con-*
liiuii il at ’rnriii. He left that for Ge
noa, ri om which he If.ortly embarked fgc
Spain.
I iiediike is certainly making prepa
rations for his departure for Vienni’
This places the ailei'.inn beyond a®
doubt, that the long agitated elcAio®,
ofa king of the Romans is fliortly to
take 1 hue ; a circtiinltancewhichin the
pi eTen' fuii.iton of the empire is certainly'
ofiiie'ltwtunporiaucqr ' v
    

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