ir.r.;ury"M!, as if plinneJ W Va-iVi
inmfelf. The di;ch was or v.iiWlc, bat
I th-ar'i on examining sure cunouily,
that I could perceive there certainly had
been one. From ks Gtuation alfo I am
convinced tat it nmfk have been de
fined for this purpofe. It fronted the
co-ntrr, an J hs rear was covered by
tke river, nor 1 wis there any nfmg
around Br a confidrrable way thucom
mindedh; a lew fliragg'unj oaks were
alone to be fee near v. in maay pla
ces fmall tracks were worn acrols it by
ih- feet of the elkfi and deer, and from
th depth of the bed of earth by which
t it was covered, I was able to draw fome
1 conrlufions of its great antiquity. I ex
amined all the angles and every pafY
v.i;h great attention, and have often;
Maxned mvfelf fince for act ecamping.
on the fpot, and drawing an exaft plan
efit. Tolhew that this, defcnption is
not the offspring of an heated imagina
tion, or the chimrical tale of a miltaken
traveller, I find on enquiry, fince my re
turnthat Monf. St. Pierre and feverab
traders, have, at different times, taken
notice of fimilar appearances, on which'
they have formed the fame conjectures,,
but without exaraiaing them fo minutely
'as II did. How a, work of this kind
could exift ra a country that has hitherto
(according to the general received opi
nion) been the feat of war to untutored'
Indians alone, whofe whole, ftock of
military knowledge has only,.till with
. in two centuries, amounted to drawing
the bow, and whofe oaly breaft work
even at prefent is the thicket, I'kaow not.
I have given as cxaft account as poffible
of this fingular appearance, and leave to
future explorers ofthefe diftant regions
todifcover whether it is- a produaion1 of
nature or air. Perhaps the hints I have
here given might lead to a more perfeft
inveftigation of it,- and give us idea;
of the ancient Mate of realms that we at
prefent believe to have beea, from the
eariieft period only the habitation of fa-ages.
FOR THE GAZETTE.
THOUGHTS cn the PRACTICE of
AGRICULTURE :for the farmers in
ALL I (hall farther obferre is, that
leafy green food, as red clover
ami lucerne, fhould be cut, and fed
away in the ftable, to prevent trampling ;
dry grain fhould be chopt and mixed
vith cut flraw, and a little tobacco fhred
do.vn to prevent worms. Cattle fhauM
be peur.cd b- fummcr, and ia. wilder
hfed infhedsndnot.left to lb. and
feed in the lanes, -aad evtn houfe-yard.
One would imagine-that farmers fiudie
how to fofe their manure certainly they
could not devife a more waRing Pltn'- !
The tife of vegetables. ad I add
woo?, for manufaSury is a fubjera for
which our country is preparing. Agri
culture in the firft place, manufacture
and merchandize will follow.
The lad eacftion, refpefting the pre
fervation of the foil ir of the utmoft im
portance ; but how ftall this be efreacd ?
I reply : firft, by leaving billy and ue
ven ground- for foreft timber or mea
dows, and cultivating the mod level,,
even though its quality fhould be inferior.-
Second, by dividing a farm into
a number cf little fields,, and going
round in a proper 'rotation of grains
and graffes, from year to year. Third,,
by reftor'mg to each field or lot of ground,
the very- exaeV quantum" of manure
which the fummer crop will produce,,
this to be ploughed down every winter,,
gad-mixed with the foil;- beginning the
firft autumn after it is opened. ,
This can be eafily effefted if cattle be -hoafed
or penned ; for not one particle'
of the fummer crop; com,, hay, &c.
need be loft, bur made better by feeding
it away. The- diftribmion to every
field; lot r meadbw made with mathe
matical exaanefs : let the farmer rnea
fkre tli quantity of groand that will
produce one fheaf, four corn-ears, a
handfull of blades, or a -fmall hay-rick;
lcf him-tuTneash-of tliefe into maaure ;
let him meafure the quantity ; arnd tile
bufinefs is done.-
But with market wheat, flax, &d there
cannot be a- return; I anfwer, the
greateft deficiency is in the luxuries, net
necefTarics, ol life ; and the defea of
thefe la ft the natural manur es are in
tended to fupply ;: luxuries they cannot
fupply. How wife and good is Heaven !
This fingle confideration fnoald put the
; patriotic planter out of humour with to
bacco. Bat why begin to manure the firft
year r My crop, fays the farmer, grows
better on new ground, for three or four
years; Yes, ftr, your crop grows bet
ter ; but, ualefs fubtraftion be addition, -your
land grws worfe. Your leaves,
roats and rubbifhi are not manured the
firft year j your foil can only yield, you
fay one tenth of its ftrcngth the fecond
year it yields two tenths; the third
year, three. Do yoa not now fee
that while ycur crops grow better, your
land j grows worf. Your crops have
encreafed two thirds, your fii decreaftd
Bat I m forty year in debt to my
ficUsJ1: I a:3 bankrupt, and cannot pjit
I muft therefore cut dawn myj fords,
and open new fields. But try fijrt rh
can be done with- your old ones, '.and
count the coft cf both, ; cow-pn 'them,
cafl on manure from the low laads ; to.
ver thc vegetation every fall by deep
ploughing ; reft theai, r give tleta'a ro
tation of graifes and graias. Thy
have been gradually worrT ottl griiJ
ally wear them in it will be much
cheaper; than to clear neay land.
Some plan like this will fodn jbe takin
Up by a few fore-feeing, pkslofopLi:
xriinds, anof in lels than, ah huadrcd
years the great" body o farnjiers will
know how to ftate debt and credit yii
every field as eafily as the' merchant cm
now place thefe terms on pppofile fid
of his ledger.- .
On the whole, our defers are not
- want of inftrumcnts, nor knowledge of
the procefs in agriculture ; nut a want
of care ia the' choice" and rotation of
crops ;jand in preferving from; year to
veanbth the foil and itsiprcjducliocs,
Thidea of laying up for a fcarcc year,
has entered into the heads or tew far-mers-like.
the Ifratlites - "when the?
liave much they have-' nothifip oveT."
Other defeers are; want of early manur
ing land; refafing to give it reft and ne
gleaing toplo.ugh it in the fall and win-
Thii has led the writer to fome rt-
folves. with which he takes leate of the
public, and by which he is tfejterfnind
to govern his'future hie, as a farmer,
and as A citizen. Sj '
Itef. 1. T make his plough' run as
conftantly in winter as in iumnter ;
manure every winker. To keep Dr.
Cr. even with his fields'; f
Ref. 2. To clear his fenc-grouii
once a year' as clear as his whealt field.
Ref a. To: cut no timber for fuel
but that fallen for other ufes, or blown
down by winds; and to cut no young
timber when old can be had.- 1
Ref a. Never to fufrer his teaisl t
return from the field withui & load
fuel. The writer has obferved fartien
hnmiticr enffid fir-irriftrl i bf fore thd
& TV !T :
plough, driving their teams hime effipj
ty, and flopping the plough next day w
cat and haul yoaitg green wood from &
foreft. How pre-pofterows is tins !
Ref. c. To borrow as little as prf
fible, and return a lp:an intantly after
;fe. : 1 Ml- Ml.: j
,. Ref 6- to purchafe nothing (ret
the .petty trafficker ; and inotliiag f Ttt
the Tegular merchant without ready csft
- Ref. 7. Never to contract h with -tk
mechanic, ua til he ftall have firk
the n:ney to pay him.
Ncv;r 10 give a ptnny to lA