I em fituv.icn, I.-focad nothing to oWlracl
jmypalfjge. ' On the 28.I1 being advanc
. ed abotit forty miles, I arrived at a fmall
; branch that fdl into it from the North,
to which, as it had no name that I could;
jdiilinguiih it by,' I gave my own, and the
deader will find it in the pan of my
travels denomina'ed Carver's River.
About forty miles higher np I came to
lhse forks of.Verd and R.?d Marble Riv
ers, which join at fome little Jillance be
jibre they enter the St. Pierre,
j The Tirer Sr. Pierre, at its junfiion
'with the Miflhlippi, is about an hun
dred yards bro.id, and continues that
breadth nearly all the way I failed upon
it. It has a jreat depth of water, and
in fome places runs very briildy. About,
Hfcy miles from its mouth are fome ra;
pi Js, and much higher up tlWe are. ma-,
I proceeded up this river about two
hundred miles to the country of the
Naudoweflles of. the Plains, which lies a
little above the forks formed by the
Verd and Red Marble River, jufl men-
th-ir rife together, and eacH, after nm
nirrg feparate co jrfes, difchai ge their wa
ters into different ocoans, at the distance
xf two thoufand miles from their fources.
For in their pa.fags from this fpat.ro the
bay of St. Lawrence, ead to the bay of
Mexico, fouth :o Hu.lfcn's Biy, north -and
to the bay at . he ilreighls of Anniantl
well, each of th-fe traverfc upwards of
two thoufand miles. .
I I hall here give my- readers fuch' re
flcclions as occurred to ne when I had;
received interefiing information, and had,
by numberlefs inquiries, ascertained the ,
truth of it ; , that is, as far as it was pof- -fible
to arrive at a certainty without ai
perfonal invelligation.. r
It is well known that the colonies, par- -ticularlythofe
of New-England and Ca-i
nadaare greatly affecled, about the time
their winter fets in, by a north-well wind, .
which continues forfeveral isnontbs, and;
renders the cold much more inteniV than ,
it is in the interior parts of? America.
This I can, from my own knowledge, af- -
lert, as' I found the winter, that I patted :
to -cacti otner, wan mv own ! tiicu eW
inppoauons o: inpr eile-f-r on! the- wiii:f
may prpve perhaps, in abler; hainds,
means pt iead;ng to many uleuifl ciiicoj
: vents, j i'
tianed, where a. branch from the South -i to the weft ward of the Mifiifioni. far from
nearly joins tne Meu inc Kiver. ty tiie
accounts I -received from the Indians, I;
I FOR. THE GAZETTE.
Oftbe firji'' peopling of Amertta
E will now proceed to mafc- far?.
obfervarions on what h:, h
adduced in aid or the northern 'iretcifi
ons. Upon- confidering the w.'iole of
wn:itbas oeen laid, with the prcVable cif
cum(tance"s and T.fuations of leveral cif
coverers, with that degree of minuttiitis
and canUdurneceifary , on -'finch fubi
we cannot be charged with any deiee of
rainncrs, in pronouncing tlie leveral proofs
to amount no higher than naked corj?e.
ture ; for .this -continent they themitlrcs
only (uppoed to be. part .of America.
fevere, and the northweil md biowmfr wiXA M.ri r
nn r , . r , . r vvitnreipect totnelimilanty cf the ifland.
on -.thofa.-countries, confiderably more? uL rAi-- H.T
temperate than I have often experienced
it to be nearer the coaft-; And that this -
have reafon to believe that the River St.
ITierre and rhe MefToric, though they en
ter the Mifimppi twelve hundred miles did not arife from any - uncertainty of the
from eacrj other, rake their, rife in the- feafan, but was annually, the cafe, I con-
Ipaceofa mile, The River Sr. PieireV, fnow that. then fell, and the total difu4 of , f atte?t,v
------- . . v...- u v : 'IIVO VI V U1C lUUiil'ii.'l. M, 1". ( Jit 'WII fn
ers before fpoken of, it deerates? in i-tnh?r
dl reel ion ; for a parallel of hmilar fi tui
tion will invariably produce a resemblance
in manners and cultoms. This is a m
fit ion fo bbvicus. as evrv utV.i tk
lakes near the fhining mountains ; .and ;
it is fron fome of thefc, alfo, that a ca- -pjtal
branch of the River Bourbon, which .
rons into Hudfon's Bay, has its fources. .
I From the intelligence 1. gained from
none, ct tire. Kjore ea-tter:i. nations can pof
fibly travel through the winter,-. .
As naturali"fts oSferve,:that air refem
bles water ia many, refpccls, particularly
byofren flowing in coWipavJf body ; and .
, n4uuowcai3 .incians, amonf.wnom , mat Uus is srenera Iv . reivrrkl tn K
T 1 C , - , r- ... - " J ' ' -
i vttiy-a me 7m oi iJccemaer, ana wnoie wirh the- current: of laree ftreams and
i v v w " kiiin i
mcxi las-pace potn in men nd thin
The.tt?r yage;ivii . alio weaken Si
iaforjiiation pi educed by the firfi ;
by returning confiderably to the rorthj
the tradl fuppofed by the firft dilcovertrs
to be hind, turned cut- an entireifca.
Thk begets a fbrtnidaMe ' prkn icn
linage I: prrfeflly. acquired, during a , fdiom acrofe them, may no the uinds e ,Ile.ncf ;0! the iiipfed" part
refidence of feven, months ; andalfo from. : that fet ria?entlv i no ih BpV of Meii-o Apericna .cdfltinenr,' whir!, may
the acrnnntc T afirrwsrc nKfaln Urn . A.uk.. :..,r.'i .V ' ; reduce ifi tO an iilarrdGf at farA'U
the accounts I afterwards obtained from.
thje AtfinipoJls, . who ; fpsak the fame
tongue, being a revolted band of ho
Naudoweffies, and from the Killulinoes,
neighS''ir$ of the AQmipoils, who fpeak
thb Chipdvay language, and inhabit the -heads
of rhe River Bourbon I fay, from
tl efe na:ions. rogethf p with my own ob .
feijvations. I have' leirnd, that the four
mj!t capital rivers, rn- the -con;incnt of
N-frth Am:rica, vi. 8i Lawrence, the
Mi'fifippi, the Ri.er Bourbon, and
thi O'ejjn, or the River of the Weit,
hit- 'heir fources in '.he fan-e neighbour- -hn
1. i'l'hi vacr cf the three former
are, .vithin thirty miles of each oiher ;
tJle;li'rf howrcr, is rather farther vz?t.
This shw. tint ihefe parts are the
hihr-l hndj in Korth-Am ?r:c a ; ar.i ic
is ;i-in1aare not to bz p tr j'I.Ued on the
othtr thr-: quarters of ihe- rjc.liz, tb.it
f9uKiiv:rs of fuch rnaitcdr ih raid uk-
re .lira as the MilVifippi docs, tilUn-etin- -'Ji ' f ?U venrt ,5 IbareJy
r5i; r-v.- i ...... .... - -r . ' ave xiited : this tlten.:; s'-- K
fon's Bav '-ihe-v - are- fwrpd 'T-rc-vi
grear lakes, dawn he current of the wa- -waters
of he St. Lawrenrerand United-commit-
tlure ravages, and occafion rhof-.:
fevere winiers-experienced in the hefere-mentlon-d
countries ? Dming their pro--grek
ever the laksth?y become ex pand--ed,
and conft-quenily rdlofta trreatcr traS
cf land than rhey Qthe: wife wcH!d do.
According t my fcanty knowledge of
natr.ral p'iiiofuhy, this do not pppear'
l.-iprr.ba-jie. Whether it is agree-b'
tne laws etblifhed by naiurali to a-
cmsr.ttoTtheoptfations of that element,
1 eonot. However, the defcription
!Me tC:.veji .of.fi.e ;-iruion c f l etc vfc
lod. ql water, and tlitir, trcar approach -
and lorldrn fGumbtion fmm- hr. ti
drwxoncIiifio?rs equally cumvys and im- r
portaRt.yj With reeel to theinfbrm
t ion of tile north-eaftern barbarians net i
undernandrag thr Janguage k! the .iD-
poied Americans, with whom thdv traded,
and far abides theyLnevc r. - faWi'in "itfir i
ow cpustry Thcfe circumiJances rray
u- TiJ exiit amrofc in every dir-ai-
OD?fvatJOfj is btit pained
2ndred miles from hor;e. . h
any one amonfl- no n x,ir..,v-
. -H IaanjTuage untJi nie. co; rie
anc! ccnneclirn h:
argument h focxtreaTeiv. Jo. fe ! a
mote, uSrpders iciiuirely unwcrtiiv of
notice.. .:!-., .1 , ' ' .
I hc eviclthce iri jprccf cf th