North Carolina Newspapers

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Wilmi
AND GENERAL, ADVERTISER.
WEDNE SDA Y, June i8, 17S8.
MISCELLANY.
Ctnu'ne e:py of a/eile- fom Caot. Johi SuUiTcn, to Ih Fxtd-
len:y Visual J'litdliey, Fjj. ^ivcriijr tf lee Jfati ef 'iout^-
Carelixa,
State of Georgia, Flint River ^ Frcntier of the Sfanijh
Vomioi^tis, DiCtmUr *7, 17S7.
May it pleaje yovtr ExttUeHcy,
I DO myfelf the honour of atldrfffinj your exsellrncy, In pur ■
fuance to a communiL^tion which ha> hten made to iie
thjs day by ;• di(Hn(tuilhedo{ticer from the Wettern W aters, in
as much as chat Cungiefs have hren pleafcd to clifpatch dicifive
orders to the commander in clilef of the continental troops on
the Ohio, (or the exprefs purpofe of anelling my perfon , and
being afTurt'd, ihatfimilar initruf^lons were tranfmitted by that
honourable body to the eX'^cutivc of South Card na. My igno
rance of any cuufe from which a mandate of this nature cnuld
aiife, or on what legal grobnds foch an extraordinary |rroccdurc
can poffibly Ire adopted, induc(;s me to follcit from your b-xcel-
hncy cfticial inferma’ion o: the authenticity of this intelligence.
1 have too exalted a fenfe ofthewlfd m and patriotic principles
of moff of the federal deputies, to harbi ur.m idea that pry late
conhdential letter to tire Mincer of Spiin (liould have operated
in this inflance } from a folid conviAion that there exills no
faittteJ or imflieti eo,r,ne power in any of the State Executives,
much lets in Congr.fs, legally authorif.ng them to conimul that
noble prerogative a citizen ot America fKircfTes—the preroga
tive of unlohling his private political opinions to the wo.Id at
large, tofovereigns even, and to Oates, but with far lefs ceremo-
tiy '3 the meie reprel'entativcs ofany tranfatlan Ic monarch.
Your Excellency muO beperfcflly informed, that the conOi*
tutionof this Und tcnl'ers on every treeman the glorious privi
lege of addreflrr.g kings ; and when it is c: nluK red that tliefrce,
men of all ccmmonwealihs areaflual kings themfelves.. I ant led
to believe that the private fentiaicms k hieh were imp>aricd in a
contidenli.il letter to the miniOcr of Spain, cannot, in confo-
nance to ar y eOahlilhcd rule of law, be broup,lit under the charge
pi najtfty tffnJidi
' Event* of deep Importance to this country and Spain, which
are now buried in the vnmb of time, .me inlenfibly piogreflirig
A'om the crudeof probability of fpecuiation, to the growth .and
maturity of fafl ; and the perlixl cannot be very remote, when
thti*fri/U Tartar cf the Weft, the inerpugnaile Kentuckian and
Frank, will dare to proclaim, that the Natches lhall be reftoicd,
aither by negociation, or arms, and that their right to the free
ravigationof the MilTilippI ftiall be no longer withheld by an
indolent, jealous, .and in.politic nation. Had his Excellency
theminiftcrof Spain' (or a moment reflcfVid, that niy unim
portant fentiments icfpefiini; our invaded rights of navigation,
were but chefimple echo cf the voice of nineteen twentieth* of
the people of Ameriaa, and which had long before been pub-
liftied by many of the late army, now
reCding on tlie Weftem Waters, his good fi-nfe would have
pointed out the improprleiy cf importuning Congrefi on the
trivial fuhjcdl of a letter fo perCcfHy apnlogeric and conftdentisi
—a leltir written to himftlf, and by Ins having (probably) firll
committed it fo Ihe prefs, of c.hiliiting his intended vengeance
in fo feeble a form before a baniering and fn.ering univsrd’. Nb
perfonal confidcration 111 .11 ever induce me t withdraw front
any invcftig ition which may aiifc on thisfuhjeff; on the con
trary, 1 will with uIiecrfuliicTi wait tire ilUte 01 all impeach-
ments of fuch a nature, confeious that I have not exceedeci thofe
limits which the l.nv prcfcribcs, and tha' freedom of cpinioii is
the unalienahle birthright ol every citizen or denizen of lliefe
ftates.
If a Ample Hccla''ation of fintimcntson a political queftion
—fentiinenis unattended with any ove-t aft—fentiments which
American citlzensd lily prefume to txprtfs to their local fu-
verelgns, can be condrued into triniinalny hy any In.ly of m.'ti,
end by ri'/f in particular who pnlTcfs no legijliti-.i rightt, nor
any right in time of peace, itflVfUng the perfon 01 a fiecman—
(\ich an affumption at power muil ftrlhe at the very .xillence of
liberty. 1 have therefore, the ftrongelt ennviftion that my letter
to the minider of Spain confifts in rcafoning on contingent
evenis, and that in ftr.flnefs of law, the fmallert reftraint in
matters of a fpcculative nature, mull be a grofs ufurpation of
rights rftablifned hy the late revolution. Your Excellency well
recollefls, that not many years have elipfed fince the Spanilh
ambaflador at the court of St. James's complained of a newf-
paper infult which was offered to the intellefluals of his roy^
fovereign. The publication was confoimable to general beliel,
and he was informed for his fatisfaflion by the Britifh court,
that th--laws of England—laws ftill prevailing with us, intlifl
nopunilhment onafulijcfl forufing liisn-itivc privilege of pro-
iiiulgating opinions. The king of England, as little united to
IIS by treaty as the Spanifti monaich, has lince the peace been
prrfonally reviled in cur prints, .and his nation repeatedly me
naced with hofllliiies, in confequcncc of the unjiill retention
of the weftern polls, and yet he was filent. Hr is legally abufed
ill (lis own land. Kings, c)ueen», nations, and courts aiC there
Ariflurcd with i.i punity What has deprived a citizen of Ame
rica of the fame privilege ? No law vet extant has done it.
I am not aware, however, of any deticiency of refpcfl, cither
by words oraflions, wh ch could have originated on my part in
derogation of tlis rninlfter ol Spain, having always entertained
the h gheft veneration Inr liis perfon and couimilTion.
1 refpefl him not only as an ambaffadnr, hut I admire him as
(man. I alfo reverence myfelf as a free.nan ol tliis enlighten
ed country, and hold in too high eftlmation the right to canvafs
freely, and difeufs all nieafuresin which the people, of whom I
aiH a part, are vitally interefted, tamely to fuller it to be infringed
by any pr.tver, whether loreign or do.aieftic. Let a law He once
tftalililhed by which a citizen of .America dare nut with impuni
ty difclofe his political opinions, even in the confidence of a
private letter, and no peribn will nbferve a line of greater cauti
on or referve in all my luture ad.drsfTes to dignif d fuif itutti,
t'aflivc obedience iliall be my invariable creed.
I will then bow before the image of power, and yield (Uch
exterior acquicfcence as the Prophet of cld racom.TiendeJ to his
Syrian convert. 1 will not even confider that ctingleirioiial
mandate extraordinary which fltuuld ordain an annual pilgrim
age to an im/'cr/rif i.'if^rsrraiivcyarf.aj|j, in order fo m.anifaft m
pel fun my implicit devotion to tita tongenial atttUuitt of the roy
al donor. I
On this important occalionj I am lia^y having the honor
to addrefs a foldicr of fcience and sJjftinSion, who is periedlly
cn .bled to determine how far any fftxo *fy nfamal
or internal power Ihuuld be acquiefeed with on llie one hand,
when the liberty of the citizeif evidently prepondefaces on tha
other.
I have the honour to remain.
With profound refptdl.
Your Excellency's inoft obcident.
And Vviy humble urvant,
JOHN SULLIVAN.
P. S. Enalofc my addrefs to the governor of Georgia.
Hints for young MARRIED
WOMEN.
I T h as often I ren ihrught, that the firft year after miniage Js
the happifft of a woman's life. We mull firft luppofe that
ftic m irries from motives of affefllon, or what the world calls
love 5 and even in this cafe the rule admits of many exception.,
and Ihe encounters many diffiaulsias. She has tier bulb.md s
lemper to ft'udy, his family to picafe, houlboW cares to attend,
and what is werfe than all, the mull ccafe to conim.ind, and
learn to ob:7. She inuft le.am to fubmit whheut repining, where
Ihe has bei n ufed to have even her looks flud.td.
Would the ten.ler lover treat hi. adored miftref* like a rational
being latlier than a goddefs, a wo iian's talk woold be much
eafier, and lier life much mort happy. Would tlte flatteier p.y
bis devoirs to her undcrilanding, lathcr chan her perfon, he
would loon find his account in it. Would lie toiiluk het on
his own affairs, converle with her freely tipon all ftibjedls, and
make her his companion and friand, inllead of flattering her
beauty, admiring her drefs, and exalting her beyond wliat hn-
man nature merits, for what can at bed be only called fafhion-
able accumplifhnients, he wcdld find himfoll Kf. difappcAnied,
and Ihe would rattle the marfiage chains with much lefs lifipt-r-
tance and difficulty. How can a fenfible man txpeil that the
poor, vain Cliff .r, to whom he pays fo much court, liould make
an intelligent, agieeahle companion, an afTiduoOi and carclul
wife, a (ond.i|id anxirus niutlier I
When a man pays court only to a woman’* vanity, he can
exp A hotlling hut a lalltlonable wife, wlio may Ihine as .s
fir* I idy, but never in the the fofter ihteicourle of domeiiic en-
di armencs. How often is it owing to tlicfe Iptd* of cicatton,
that the woman Isec-om s in reality »h.at tlieir r.dicul >us p.iniali-
ty made them fuppi.fe tliemfelvcs ? A pretty method truly this is
ot improving the temper, inf irmiiig tl.c mind, engaging t.ic rd-
fefllons, anu exciting our ellocm for tinfe objcfl. that tve en-
trull with our future liappinefs.
1 will now give my fair friends a few* hints ss'ith regard to tlicir
eondudl in the moll rcfpeflablc of .ill ehara«ers, a wife, a mo
ther, and a 'rierid. But firll let me alfert, and 1 do it with con
fidence, th. t nothing can be more lalfe than the idea, that a re
formed rake nakee the left Lujtand. 1 his is a comincn opinion,
but it is not mine 1 tlieic are too many chances ag.iinll it.
A libertine, by the time he tan think of matrimony, h.is lit.
lie left t* boaft but a fhattered conllituiion, empty pockets,
iradermen's bills, bad habits, talle for drefs, public place, and
vice of every denomination. The poor wife’s fortune will fop-
ply the rake with thefe fafhionablc lollies a_ little longer. V. hen
money, the lal; rcfource, fails, he becomes psevilh, fitOr, and
difeonttnted. Angry ftiecan indulge bim no longer, ungratclul
and regaidlefs #f pall favours. Diteale with all her mifcrable
attendants next Ilep in ! ills, pains, fitkn. fs, poverty, and
wretchednifi. The poor wife has fpent all in fiippoiiing his
extravagancies. She may now pine tor want, with a lielplefs
infant crying for bread j Ihuimed and definfcd by her Ir.ends,
and neglefled by all her acquaintance.
'1 his, my beloverl fair, is too often the cafe with many of our
fex. The 'afk of rtiorming a rake is much above our capacity.
1 wilh our inclinations In thiiinllance were as limited as our
abilities. But, alas ! we vainly imagine we lhall be rewarded
for our refolutiun in making fuCh a trial, by the luccefs that will
attend on our undertaking. If a young woman marries an
amiable and virtuous young man, Ihe has nothing to tear j Ihe
may even glory in giving up her own willies to his ! Never
marry a man wliofc undcrilanding will not excite your clleem,
and whofe viitues will not engage your aft'cdlions. If a woman
once thinks lierfelf foperiar to her liulband, all authority ceafes,
andlhe cannot be brought to obey, where Ihe is fo well enabled
to command.
Swe-.tnefs and gentlenefs are dll a wonun's eloquence; and
fometimes they are too powerfol to be refined, efp^ally when
accompanied with youth and beauty. They are then iqticenienta
to viitue, preventives from vice, and afieAion's fecuiity.
Never Itt your brow beclouded with refencment ! Never tri
umph in revenge I tVhois it that you afilidl ? the man upoii
canh that Ihohid be dearell to you ! upon whom all your future
hopes of happlnefs mull dejiend. Poor the conquefl', when your
s'earell friend mull fuffer; and ungenerous mull be the h^ait
that can rejoice in fuch a viflory.
Le: your tean peifuade—thefe fpeak the moll irfefillable lzn«
gUZge witli which yi'u can affa 1 the heart of man : But eveg
tliefe fwcef fountains of fenfibility mull not flow too often, left
they degenerate into weeknrft, and we Kfeour hulbands eftceni
andaffeAion by the very methotis which were given us to rnfure
them. Study eveiy little attention in ycur perfon, ma: n-rt,
•nd ditfs that you find pleafe. Never bejsqgligent in yeer ap-
peaiaiiro, hecaufe yon expeifl nobody but your hulbaiid. He
is '.he firft perfon whom you Ihotlid endeavoor to oblige. Al
ways make your home .agreeable to him; receive him with eafe,
good humoui and checrfulnefs—but bt cautious how you en
quire too minuiely irto his engagements ibroad. Betray neither
lulplcion nor jealoufys Appear always gay and happy in his
p tfri ce. Be particularly attentive to his taveurite friends, even
if they intrude upon you. ^A welcome rtcrption. will at all
tim s counterbalance Indifferent f.irc. 'Ireat his relations with
rcfpeflaiid attention ) alk tlie.r advice in your houlhold aff.)irs,
and a ways follbw it when you can confillently with propriety.
1 rest your hufband with the moll unreferved confidence irt
every thing that regards yourfelf, but never betray your friend's
letters or fecrcts to him 'J his he cannot, and indeed, ought
not to expcfl. If you do nut ufe him to it, he will never de-
fire it. Be cartful never to intrude upon his ftudies or Ills plea-
lu'C J he always glad to fee him, but do not be laughtd at as :i
tend and ioolilh v ile. Confine your enr.cariTunt to your own
fiielidc. Do not let the young envy you, nvr the old abufe yoq
foraweiknefs which upon refleflicn you niuil yourfelf con
demn.
Thefe hints will, I hope, beoffome frrvice to my faircoun-
Irywomca; they will prihap. have mere weight when they
know that the author nl them has been married about a ye.i,
and has oftan (tith fuceaft praAiM tliofv ral«s bufclf Whicll
Ihe now recommends to othir*.
FOR SALE,
A VALUABLE
Plantation^
iiii [fill
P LEASANTLY fituated, on Topa
fail found, about a mile and n
half to the Northward of George Mer
rick's, Efq; confirtingof five iiundred
and forty acres, fifty of which are clear
ed, in arable order, and in point of
fertility, inferior to noneon the found;
has on it a commodious, w ell built,
framed houfe, 40 by 20, with fuitablci
ouihoufes.
Any perfon defirous of purchafing
plantation on the Sound, c tlicr with
a view to pleafure or profit, may be
accommodated on cafy terms, hy the
proprietor of the above, who will take
Negroes, Country Produce, of (if more
agreeable to the purchafer) a Note,
with approved fccurity, payable in 8,
or 9 months, bearing interefl: from
the date. For further particulars en-'
quire of
JOHN BURGWIN.
Wilmington^ May'ft 1788. 10-^
    

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