North Carolina Newspapers

    (\'0L. I.)
"V -
W E D N E S D AY. July 2, 1788.
, —jj ^ j c’ ' .S’
uui.iy i itdaud Napr. countyy Kentucky^ Januaiy ii, i7Se.
H E foil of Kentucky, like all
5^ - . 7- ju ^ ^ cmi
It i \
countries, is various j but what we here
dlllinguilh by the terms firrt and fcccnd
rate lands, arc from one to feven feet
deep, of a chocolate, and in foiwt places
of a deep Mulatto etdour, exempted from
(limes, g'avcl, or land on the furtace;
- ’ ' ' ' -fij where th^fj are the qualities it pretty
.K t;er,crai!y 11« - on a fiat liintllonc quarry,
from three to f'x fee* bdi w t!i JoiJ^ Lands cf an inJerior
quili’’)', cf which (nct\vit!irtapding4^ giv.n of this
country; there are J ige quantities, pretty generally refembie
thufe ol Penr.fy Ivar ia and Nevv-Jerfey, but are not fo ftony.
“ It is clil.tiy .1 well, but heavy country ; the chief
of Nvhicl'.ar?, hla'.k wa'nut, Iciufl, wild oherry, various kinds
of afli, r'.i.lherry, • utter nut, hickory, beach, white wood, oaks,
and fugjr trees in .'•.funriar ce.
Lands ot li e firil ^nc! fecond qu-ality, and at prefent we do
net l;vprove any ether, are very little tr. ubkd with underbrufh ;
wl;:t trero:., is chitfiy fpice w&od, and what the Indians caii
'.1,0 produce is Indian corn, wheat, rye, fpelt, rice, bar
ley. tct.iocc, i.cmp, dax, cotton, inoigo, and vines of every
'j I r r) r- c firrt artlgleiof grain .trr raifed in>ur.dancc
" '• ^'c iriyjBMrcOotiTin. ^
- Ct. tui-u'rcd! ffven hulhelsgof Ihcllcd corn have a^Ioally
been Y.itlicToc! in cneftafoolrom an acre, plat red in the
way, and ploughed and hoed only twice HcvvcVer, the mere
gci CTO crop !s irom tilry to eighty btilhels the acre.
1 do net lecolleCI to havi. he^rd of any perfon being fo curi-
cus a:c: r..,nir.g the prcduce of an acre of wheat, but a gen- ailurcd n.e, that from two brflidsof rye which he fewed
la^'pear, heio.ipccl eighty eight bulhtls and an half : and the
foil after a ytai 01 two’s cultivation, Is equally favourable to
W1' t3t• Q
'vVe are yet a part «f th? government of Virgir.ia, but have
after m.ir7 cord.uirations cn, and ir.veltiga^rs cf the fubjeft,
withthefr- cconfcntof the parent (date,|i||ded in favor of a
lepr.rat.on, whicli is to take place (pruvilim|^refs accced to
tiie nieafurc) on the firrt of jai.aar
It is uncertain w lut conlticuri
•empofed cf politicians from evi
rally prejudiced in favour of t
it is mort prvSalde we ruail
that of Virginia, .and fci the
Codec;' laws vvill be adept
and th: cl.cipne&of their ad
any extant, . ^
At prtfeiK the prefiDftd ftd
tended to among BS,^d v.'iir
he; e accord^ to its pie in the,
men of iq^igeoce^^ 1 have
in favour ;bf.k.
Virgiriia^lPeprotiiw the ei
Landed imopeity C#mfot be He
And every man ieat full l>.i.^ w„- ^ «
cetdieg to the 4i^tes of hi* ownijpdiifcience. _
Perhaps ro co^try fo yeunjg and dirtaata. was ever fo well
every deno-
ipalians, one
iptifi minif-
; we have
wed ; eight
jonfiftlng of
s, in this
S^one edi-
fituation is
iitibjcA, feem
ment of debts,
lighty God ac-
furnilhed witli picus and
minaticn, as Kertucky,-
Roman Catholic priert,fe ^_.
lers i the latter are much the in^ .
V* e are not lefs happy on tlie fuhj,....
a charter for a college, which will fc70(|
Thnufand acres ol the firfl quality arc al
country abounds In Latin fchools, one
ntar tlurty fcnflars, w;ll we cxpeil open in a
place j for the acc«>mniodation of which we
ficc trec'od, forty ket hy twenty-feu ..luancii is
■calthiu , and in a rich thickly fettled country, the inhabitants
• lien are much devoted to the inrtitution, we have very cx-
^I'tc cxpcf’arlons 01 its future ufc ulnefs.
I lie Kentucky country, which In the lndi;m language imports
fwi y, eftabiirtied into .t feparate dillriirt in the year 178/ ;
11 no.v contains iWen counties, the names of which .me Jcffei-
1^.11,^r. yct.f, Lincoln, N.hon, Maddifon, Mebcer, Pourlxin :
cj. tne ixtcnr c'our fettlca.cnts, being upwards of-two
*un„rtd miles in length, and as much in breadth, and the al-
daily arriv.ds by land ard water, make it next to impofTi-
• c to give you w >ih any degree of cerainty tlu- number of our
Jinaoitants; the lov'jfl c.alculations make them fifty thoiffand
^ti s, and others douhl-; that number. Moft cf the favai'c iflribcs
ccntiguous are ftiil hoililc to this country, the exterior parts of
' ich arc vilited by them, but the chief injury dons
, ealing hotics i infl.snces it is true, fninctlmes oc-
9i Ofttiucrs committed by thefc vagi ants, but as the cean-
try Is fo populous, and its fettlemcnts fo extenfiva, the interior
parts, which for a long time haYe enjoyed little or o* fafety,
take but little or no notice of t'leni- “
Though I referred yon to Mr. FidLn for a dcfcriptlon of the
climatv of Kentucky, 1 find it fo v.ry lK'alth.‘‘ul, and a: t'.e fame
time fo very moderate, co.^iparcH with any thing experienced in
the northern rtates, that I cannot do jurtice to niy feelings with-
oaf^ouching on the fubjed. 1 he falii of Ohio, which ai«*ahout
ihejnean climate of the diftrlft, are 'ituated -n 3 >, 30, of lari
tute\; but the country is much mar:* fer ne and temptrate than
we could fuppofc from its fituatlon, owing e'- Ufly perhaps to
its great remove fro n the n .rth. rn laites.
Our coldeft weather is generally at the ietting in of the winter,
and feldom continues naorc than fsvsir or eight weeks.
The la: ds on the nerth-weft of^-hc Ohio are excellent in
fpets, but in general far inferior to Kentucky, though better
watered We are happy to licar t lat the Ohio company have
fuccceded m their application to Conciefs ; and devoutly with
to fee the fettlcment af that country take pl-,c •, net only as il
will be a barrier to this, but are perfu.i 'td that tho(e adventur
ers who may not obtain an advantagccu. lot, will feek their for
tune on this lide of the river.
I take it for granted, that you have heard much fald of the
lilinuls and Port St. V’^incent countries, which tliough far fupc-
liortot'.ic nor them dates, arc hy no means to be compaad
with Kentucky, eiihtr on acenun. 0.' (oil, ty or policy.
i he inhabitants >rc but Ic-.v, and pe.-pctuaJly expofed to the
infulrs and robberies 01 the 'avagt-s.
1 hs French, to who the -ndians arc much dew'ted, ard a
few Americans, who irom liaving ellablilhed a kind of domi-
ri'n over them j e.ihcr hy ci-niinerce or inttrma-riages, poilc-fs
bar' ly a tolcra:rle (hare nt f ci'i itv \ but it is truly a very p'cea
rious Cl cj the c;nftqucncc i», that fomeof thr b ft Americant
are moving their families to ihi., c imtry.
v\ hat lavourable alt.Taticns the r Vabiiftiment cf a federal »o-
vcrninen: may introduce rn that fid. cf the Ohio, is yet uncer
tain ; at pr-fent th- people have r . ertahhili.d fyrtem of laws or '
mode of trial, unlets i: h. a kind of nhlitary one, far from be
nv agrttabletn a free bom Apitricy.
'A C have many tnirgs in Ker.tuc'.-.f enrItKd to the epithet of
curiofitics, among which the many fa;: luring, may be iaft'y
Salt at prefent is made at about five places, bur the ccun r/
abounds m fprings or licks, where i: can be procured with equal
V AlVa
It fells from fix to twelve fiiilllngs a bu.Ticl, but will In a fu
ture day hi. much lower.
The fortifications fo frequently met with in this country, a-e
the admiration of every tr ivelicr 1 h.y a c moftly of a cir
cular figure on well chof.n ground, and contiguous to water ;
near each cf thefe is found a mount of earth, thrown up in
form of a cone, and is generally proportionate to its adjacent
When or by whom thefe were made is equally uncertain.—
They appear to be very old. 'I he limber growing on the walls
w thin the forts and ditches, has the appearance cf that tlfe-
1 hey muft have been the efforts cf a very rumeraos, indof.
trious and warlike people, and could not have been corrftruifed
without the ufe of iron.—On frarching, the mounts are f. und
to certain a white fuhftancc refcmbling lime, which is fuppofed
to have been human bones.
Another kind of tt mbs are alfo found, though neither as la^-ge
or frequent as the ethers, ai.d are conrtru^cd : A le
vel fpet of ground is firft chefen, and covered over with fiat
fmroth ftones, on which the corpfe of the deceafod are laid,
which are feparaied from each other by flat ftoncs fet up rdge-
w ife, and in rows at a diflance fuftciert to contain a human bo
dy in each partition.—After the firit layer or fiery islili.d, the
fame material as the bottom, and a fecend tier is depefited in
the fame manner as the firrt, and fu on to a third, perheps a fifth
floi y, and the monumental pile is finally completed with com
mon rtonc, heaped up to a confiderable height, terminating in
a point. °
One of the moft remarkable of thefe latter kind is found a
few miles from a town in this county called Lexington Its
bafe is fuflkient to contain ? dozen of human bodies, and is
about five (lories high.
Thefe cannot be as ancient as the forincfi kind, the
m them not being yet entirely diflblvcd. An arm bone
was not long fince found in the one near Lexington, lull three
inches longer than the arm of a man fix feel high, and cf a pro
portionable thicknefs. ^
To conclude, the diftingul(hed bounties heaven conferred on
this country in foil, climate, healthfulnefs and many other- pe
culiarities, arc real cui iolities to the inhabitants of the noi^^
Hates. - ”
In praife of MARRIAGE.
M an Is a foclah!.- creature, not made for feiituHe, but cen-
verfarion. Ji/^arrh^cls anuble inrt tution, ?.nd a Intle
ufcful fociety (rem whence many advantares arlft-. 1 he
forrow’sei life are Icfllncd hy communication. Marriage is or
ftiould be, the mort peifeft (late of friendrtiip. Mutual Iriti-
reft prcsiuces mutual afSftance. It is owing to this ir.ftitutio*
that (atiiUici iiave been ruiicd and formed. All forintage
proximity proceed from hence } and in a h^ppy marriage, where
both p-ri Its behave well in their r fpiftixe .tations, the honey
mocn inercafes to years ot blifs.—umg pouertion rivets af-
(ea.c:., and nothing but parting can be a material afflifiion ;
no ag: or infirmity can uniiiri^ a m arimcnlai erteem.——
i he many good qualities, fervites and obliging ufage ot eacfi
other areful clged in the memory as to make life a continual
courtl..ip, ai.d the holband to carry the iover always about
him. '
On'hecrrtraryitisa inatterof the greateft furprife, that a
man v.ho ai as at repuU »cn andcharaH^r in t!ic arxairs of life,
V ill ke p hi, w ord 0 puf > ve hi, rreoit, and f. rlcit all hon ur
aru Integrity at home, and have nc rega d to the folsmn eng ira.
merits .iiriHe to a wife. ^
It was a vclljocg'd airtbncf a prince 1 have rtad cf who
tx»k srv othccT - c- mrnifibn iro r. 1 i .i, quriii ning hi? coon«^'*,
upon i.n(oMnati.,n that he beat his wi.e. Porters and ca-mVa
arc c.Ubiat d fur fuch dcmertic hcroiftn. In fnoit, no mao
can be a tincgrntltman that is not a maa of honour, and no maa
ot tooour nioktcs a bas buiband.
ACKO ruoEiA.
T he fc-!’cwing very ex‘raord:naT7 circurr.rtar.ce exhibit*
It h p the firii miKncco! thckinc hitherto known, a id
IS well at c-ft d h . rcfp«ft.,rif perfups in the neighbour.huod :
John Pu«.l, a b'>y aliout fificcnycar, of age. Von ct a farmer
refidirgnear Clare, in Suffolk, feme yJK *50 difcoveied a
ftrong anr:parhy to the fight ol ir.crev. No%6e t .uld v i -^cc
him ary. i he bey being of an 1 ri.oid
his ffiyn fs. Hl^ father .'.tte.riptcd t.i mouce 1 ini to ta’'- f im-
‘r ’ /-'ishont .ry focctlo : though perfeftS> n*
fihle he tt uld purchafv with it r ffcienr thirrs he v as lord of
has reft’faj a d l.a abhorrerctef n.crey continu d the fame!
Anexp:i.ment wa, then IT ade to try \.htthcr th s reJefai did
iK-t pr. c.tfc’from b.a(hsuln.!‘4, and an id.a tna ’neointht not to
t.ike money when efitred. father pur ffme k.alt-prn einto
h|S unknown to hi.r,. .Jn putti- e bis hand into his
pcckct he felt h m, and d-awmg his hand back with rnuc!»
leeining bpi-'or, he nil into lircng ccnvuJfion fits, in which he
c. minued an hour Sen e time after this, bis rather, dill
wilb,.. g to overerme tkeamlpathy, refolvrd to try the fame ex-
■ .i’l '’’“J*. “ creafaig degree of vlrLnce, indccl
fuch Violence, that his father thou, ht he would have died.—
Of tx fttoceof his ftreng antipathy his father is now fi*
ccnvin.edj^athe w.ll nut fuff.r any Jurther expiriments ; and
witneffc-ur the 1 ft tnal, all feem to agree
Wat the r^e.ition would m all probability be danj»erous._
Nothing t.iat IS recoiicaed cf tht boy, can le..d to arcount for
art r‘ ^ “ ** boys
are,tx.tpt being cf a grave, ihooghuul turn. In many thi rs
^ concerned, on rc-
KeChnphatiii thcprcp.&ol time his fon muft be ergaved in
Bufinefs, and ct courrsin monty tranladiicns. The abhorrence
continues ft) ftreng, tfiat hj now tunts away whenever any mo
ney cemee within his fight. ^
Madeira Wine,
“ ’Wor. S.Lfr, b!*
May 21.*
Continental Loan-Office
For which the higheft price will be
to the Printers.
June i8, 1788. 36—j8

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