North Carolina Newspapers

    (VOL. I.)
(NUMB. 22.)
A N ^ G E N E K A L X A D V E R T I S E R.
• 1 ■■
■I J7i -, i‘ i> I
W E D N E S D s y, July 30, 1788.
in Englakb',
^ M Ey
Will iaii (wind and weather permit-
For light freight or pailage, enquire
of the Captain on board faid veflel,
Wilmington, July 23. 21—22
To be SOLD,
7he fillowing traSts or farcels of
L A N D,
Being part of the eflate of the late Gtne^
fW Waddell, v/*. ^ ■
rwo iiiJNlIKEu'^cresot lanaiii
^ Anfon County, on Jones's Creek, adjoining the upper
line of J. Meadows, on'tM North Odeof faid Creek.
500 acres of land in Anfon County,
on the S. W. fide of Pedee River, tive North fork of Wild Cat,
on the Laft fide of Waxhaw Path.
640 acres of land in Anfon County,
cn the South'Weft fide of Pedee River, on the South-Baft fide
cf Richardfon's Crreij^
640 acres ^ land in Anfon County,
on the South-Weft fide of Pedee River, on Wild Cat, in the
Ujptrlineof Janies M’Manuejtfhnd, on
500 acres in Anroh (
S. W. fide of Pedee River, South
Creek, about half a mile above Sb
600 acres in Anfc
S. W. fideof Pedde River, oo the
300 acres in Anipp
waters of Dutch Buffalo, adjoin! '
and Henry Swifier’s lands.
490 acres in
Lean's Creek, below the Catabaw Path.
500 acres in Anfon County, on the
S. W. fide of Pedee River, on the Waxliaw Path, where it
cro/Tes the North Fork of Wild Cat.
1 320 acres in Anfon County, on the
Sc'jth-Weft fideof PedeeRiveiyon the^^rftifidoof the North
Fork of Cat Creek.
N. B. The above-mentioned trails
were all patented In Anfon, but that County having fince been
divided, it is probable fortie of thefe lands may now boi in the ,
adjacent Counties.
140 acres patented in Cumberland
County, but now in Chatham, upon the Baft fide of Bear Creek.
720 acres in Rowan County, fituatc
•n both lides of Crane Creek, adjoining SalUbuiy town line.
A lot in the town of Salilbury,
known by No. 13, in the North-iaft fquare, johjiing John
Bunn, Efqaire*, let. ^
For further particulars, enquire at
Wilmington, of
ff'ilmhgton, July ttrr
on the
n Brandon's
county, on
'TO B E S Q L D,
At Audion,
AUGUST next,
^ Negro JVench^
Belonging to the cfVate of John Lyon,
Efq. deceafed. Said Negro being fold
in order to difeharge the debts due
from faideftate.
By order of the Executor,
Wilmington, July 16. 20
^ " - 1 ' '
The H O H S E
where the late Mrs. LY^ON refided.
Inquire of
June 25*
r - —
A Convenient I>WELL1NG-
HOUSE, with a Wafti-Houfe,
Yard, and Garden.
For terms apply to
Wilmington, July i6. 20—
B E A N K S,
Forfale by the printers hereof.
A Commentary on thefirft Chapter
offthe Law made in the year one
thoufand feven hundred and eighty-
flk, with Observations political
and ufoful.
B T fK
f ntinuedf^
I N our brief explanation of thead. aa>along, we
occafionally mingled it with a in order to
pave the way for fome notable^o£lripesi^ j|i^ remote (though
entain) confeqnences, which peiVaded by the
bitter informed, and the compar^i^^^v, whe^ove in the
more elevated walks of life, for fiiperiot^lafs 1 alode
condefetmd to write. As for tfien^ of Plebeians which com-
pofe iliAnltely the greater part q| u^jttind.Tf tht^ were even to
read, they would underftand U|^e oi^^^tNog of tlie matter, and
it would be extremely unfit tbi^ Al|pid(^.
Voltaire fays^** in every fodbty riw^e is a conftant effort to
ebnfer cn tjie opt part the b^t of power and greatnefs, and
on tiie other, tLr ejstreme of mifery snd wretchediiefi.” This
great mAn muft bt.underftood with a littie reftriclion. In every
fociety tbeie are perpetual efforts for the acq^utuion of ; .
ority j the oppofitefollows as a confeq jen: the prior acrvl-
fition, and is by no means tiiC taufc c» a p.iraar)’ txerti..,;! ia
the human mind, only as it tonouces t.o the firit—tva:y acq„i.
fition of fuperiority being an inevitable bt iLcil cf inicrioiir; 10
a different obje^. Thefupreine powerot the it.its of Nuivh-
Carolina have beautifully illuftrated the above pclickn, which
we (hail f'-e prefently.
At the #awii of peace, when rhe glare of milit.^ry life hsqan 19
contraA,and (to all appearance) at length cr.tacly v lij.j
acqnifition of property (the molt neetttary ingreoicnt of .upea-
ority) became the legiflative purfuit. the groui.d-wqrk of whiciv
we find laid with great judgment and forecait in a number of
adts wbich precede the one under vievv, which is alio a hi..- in
the great chain, and tends to facil;t3te the approach of greatneVs
and power, the hleffed and infcpavable train of property. Large
territories’ have been fecured, in Icrtility and extent, greatly ex
ceeding any in the world, which fupport a briiiiant and eimetl
i hciiext obj-d^ is to get inhabitants, from
exafled the conilitwents of this knged-for elevation. J Ms 1%
the main and only intendment oi the aLt under view, vAir.tcve.-
oftcnfible caufes might here been t.irown mb
r I. L .,y the fagacious
tew, i«r the employ of the greater number that compofc the af.
fembly, leaft, by pombiiity, t.bc^ might fee a little turthei- than
was convenient} lor there are a great number of popular lead
ers in the affcmbly, who, from the great indtience they have in
,their refpeftive counties, and t.bcir ftveral facred magn-tudes it
becomes lieceffary to give great allowances, and even acc-de’ ta
a£Is, whTah^Jdr their injuftlce,srs unequalled by every thin* huc
their abfurdity, which hippiiy like a con raiy power 10^:13-
nics, prevents them fiomiiluing into execution j At this olace
it becomes ncceffary to make a very ttoniiaeraoie digreiLon, *'p ,>
whicbjgood reader, if >00 w.U teep y.^ur eye, you w.i? hnd Vo
beef eoftfitferable ufeiu fetting inaxlcar lism and n^car.iny-
the ceceility ol thofe coftceffions and adowances, which
otberwife reflcA upon the underitsa.i:.,^ 01 m. fort.mant.cHVi
f; ve. 1. r»c iji.?.". • !s '■ hicS imme'T 1 at' **-■ -
lows the fubjed of ®ur comirtvcicj-ico, cmui^u, •• an
bring to condign punifhment,** Ac. Jtc. There is a new an4
unheard-of punifhment created- Death v/ithout bcoeht of cler
gy, for forfeiting a recogaiiance. It is even death without bene-
fit of clergy, far a peifon to afiiit Itis friend to remove out of tiie
ftate when his cenveniency might di^fate j and property bulii
real and perfonaU v/efind botnd by virtue or a na-tt-o charge
which themfelves have mads bailable; a d op?n and violent rc'b»
bery fandlified and purged by a lubfequent la v. here we find
there is no need to hunt tacTe vfeiuaiinous compilations of law.
and the minutiae of cairs w,tl» which the jucgc *nd the lav yer
muft be acquainted, in order to fo.low the clue 01 juftice and
truth, fo neo^arji to fupport a uniiurmity in decifidns, and har
mony of .
This law, ll^fupported, ftrikes out a new path, withrat
deigning to receive lignt or affiftancc trem ar y quarter, but
the popular ferment ran high againit a nu or individuals
and whilft thofe leaders were eftimatiug their magnitude by .•'c
rremendeufc fs of their innovations, the few had leifurc to Li-
geft their fchemes, and bring them lorward into la wituout
the leaft danger. In this inft^ce, the conceffjon of the few
might .appear too great, but if there had been a nsceffity for this
law to have applied in all its p^rts, the lawyers would have
overfet it In the firft initancs—again the judges wou.d not have
decided upon it. Again, in the aft impofir.g "certain dlfquaii-
fications, &c. and its eperaticns again extended in a fubfequenc
affembly, in an amendment of faid aft. Here we wm dnd a
law created, to operate upon certain pefons who hrd lon^ hef re
underwent a kgal purgatiori, by virtutof the indemnifying air.
Tantalizing tyranny indeed ' i ardon and aitcrward, diI,'.. h.—•
If there was any virtue in the indemnitying uw, the "above re-
trofpeftive aft, could pofitbly have no lubjeft-mattf - j operate
upon, the crime being previoufly fTreptaway by the aft of in«
demaity. Another initance of acquiefcence, wewid find zn ao
aft for increaling the jurifisiftion or the county courts • and ir*
a following affennbiy, an aft to amend the abov- aft, there is a
ftr ’ing tnftancc of the great power and diiterence thofe turbu
lent leaders extor-t. In the firft cafe they nave taken it into their
heads, that the appellate jurifdiftion of the fupenor court is an
•vilthat calls for cheir mighty intervention j aoc. irdingi v we fin4
the jurifdiftion of the inierior court extended v. r i great oa- t
of thefuperior, and to render the latter ftif .nore contemptible
in its appellate capao;-7,‘They havec eated a phantotn to rrighten
the honeft aod undifc;.riting from having rec jorf to an apped,
when they might think themfelves aegntved in the court beiov *
This is the twelve and a half per cent. intJ ed due from tnfi
paffing judgment in the co-art belov/ t;iJ the final decifion in the
court above, to be paid by the appellant,' if unfucceAtul. Kers
this aft makes a mighty addition to the iinp.,'r;ance of thofe
who begot it, and no damage done at the fame lune, a* it caa
have no fpbere of operation under cur fyftem of la ws and court
proceedings, kvery caufe, brought up by appeal, is devermined
in the fame manner as if^ had underwent no precedent adjudi -
cation in any court beb# whatever, confequcmly there carmot
be any fuch thing, as either an affirmance or reverfai, whicii cn; /
takes place in writs cf error, where an account et proccedme.
below is carried up by the record, which fur.’iiCiei fu' jrft mat-
;ter for either the one dr the other J thus we ff.e rsirS .r in .slv
'nor juftice, any recovery can be made of the twelve and hali
percent, although it fticks there as a con^derab* firaic'.rb.v •
and in the amendment befbre-raenticned, the, have cnccavoui.d
to curtail thejurifaiftioa of tac Ix.vy .ri jib, L; m-a-wg

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