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0 / 75
3 AXES H. YOUUG,.... Editor and Proprietor.
J D PAD3 Agents.
One year, - - - - $1.50
Six months, - -75
Three months - - - - 50
Entered at the Post-office for transmission
through the United States mails as matter
coming nnder second-class rates. -
t3f All communications intended for pub
lication must reach the office by Tuesday
morning. Anonymous letters will receive no
df Address all communications to The
Gazette, Raleigh, N. C.
RALEIGH, N. C, JULY 3, 1897.
THE NEWS AND OBSERVER A
To say that the News and Observer? a
would-be slanderer of the State and its
people, or to say that it is a fairly efficient
liar, would only be to echo the sentiments
and opinions of hosts of people who have,
for the last year or two, thought it worth
while to make any comment at all on that
We hardly think it worth the space,
but now and then it may be well to show
the people some evidence of their emi
nently correct opinion of that paper, and
' for that purpose alone we are giving some
time and space to that most roundly con
temptible journal this week.
Elsewhere we give a report of the pro
ceedings of the Board of Trustees of the
A. and M. College last week. It shows
for itself. But with its usual disposition
so do something little and say something
mean, the News and Observer seeks to dis
tort everything and leave false impression
on anybody who may be so hare-brained
and gander-headed as to have any confi
dence in it. Thank the Lord! we feel
warranted in saying that there are mighty
few, if indeed any, people of that kind
in this State.
Here are some of the "choice" head
lines and comments of the News and Ob
server on the matter:
"THE LOOTERS GET
IN THEIR WORK.''
"The A. and M. College Parcelled Out
Among the Wreckers."
" The State has received a blow from
which it will not soon recover. Its in
dustrial development and educational ad
vancement have been set back almost a
" This Brutus stab has come from the
Governor of the State and the Trustees
of the Agricultural and Mechanical Col
lege. The latter institution has been
looted and the Experiment Station de
stroyed to make places for political hench
men. Good men scholars and scien
tists have been displaced by incompe
tents and nincompoops."
"In this nefarious work these men
were backed up on one side by a lot of
ignoramuses who know no law in the
matter save the will of those whose tools
they are; on the other side by a Governor
whose only desire is to make political
jobs for those upon whose backs he hopes
to ride into the United States Senate."
Such base drivelling as this in the face
of open fact, if it had any effect at all,
aroused the contempt of everybody in-
expressing it. But the thunder-clap of
rebuke and denunciation " was from the
faculty of the college itself. It is grace
fully worded, but it does not require a
strong vision for anybody to see that it is
a statement to the effect that the News
and Observer is a scurrile falsifier and
that its vaporings are unworthy of con
fidence. Here it is as printed in the News
To the Editor: The article in yesterday's
issue of your paper making the sweeping
charge that the Trustees of the Agricul
tural and Mechanical College had ' loot
ed" that institution is, we think, unjust
to that body, unfair to us, and so -far
from the facts that, if uncontro verted, it
must do the college great harm. While
they had the power to change every offi
cer of the institution, it so far from
"parceling the college out among the,
wreckers," changed in the faculty proper
the head of ' only one department, and
this we are assured was done solely to
effect a consolidation of the agricultural
work if the college and of the Experi
ment Station, and thereby to save in this
department about seventeen hundred
dollars by assigning to one of the profes
sors the work hitherto divided between
two. The only change in the faculty was
in the adjunct-profes3orship of mathe
matics, and the addition of one teacher
to the official force.
While we, of course, cannot but deeply
regret parting from men who have been
pleasantly and closely associated with us,
and whom we respect and esteem' most
highly, we, the undersigned members of
the old faculty, feel, in justice to our
selves, to the Board of Trustees, to the
institution that we have served so long,
impelled to deny that it has been " loot
ed, nor can we be expected to admit
with entire good grace that " the institu
tion has been turned over to incompe
tents and nincompoops."
We assure the people of our State, and
especially the friends of technical educa
tion, that there is no cause to lose confi
dence in the institution, nor in its com
petency to do the great work for which
it was founded.
Alexander Q. Holliday,
W. F. Masset,
Professor Horticulture and Botany.
W. A. Withers,
Professor of Chemistry.
D. H. Hill,
Professor of English.
W. C. RlDDICK,
Professor Mathematics and Civil Engi
neering. Nathaniel R. Craiohill,
Professor Mechanical Engineering.
J. C. Gresham,
Captain Seventh Calvary, Professor of
Military Science and Tactics.
WE JOIN THE 1IRGERS.
The Colored American, in its issue of
last week, says: "The colored citizens
of the District are urging Speaker Thos.
B. Reed, by petition, to appoint Hon. Geo.
H. White, of North Carolina, a member
of the District Committee. Since the
colored people of the District constitute
about one-third of the population and
have no voice whatever in the affairs
here, it is but just and right that Mr.
White be appointed. Our intelligence,
our wealth and our number entitle us to
this small recognition, and weiiave faith
in Mr. Reed. Mr. White is the choice of
the colored people. This is Speaker
The request is a just one, and as -Congressman
White will fill the bill in all
respects, we earnestly urge his appoint
ment and hope that Speaker Reed may
heed the request of his petitioners.
ITS FOOLISHNESS FROM A BUSI
Aside from the low and. inexpressibly
contemptible purpose of the News and
Observer to misrepresent the work of the
Board of Trustees of the A. and M. Col
lege, the News and Observer acted the fool
from a purely business standpoint. That
journal gets much of its support from the
city of Raleigh why, God only knows
and the commonest sort of decency ought
to prevent it from attempting to injure
anything or any institution that inures to
the benefit of the town. No respectable
journal published anywhere can find any
pleasure in seeking to send out such re
ports as would, if believed, prejudice the
public against the town in which it is
published. It would, in case of necessity,
regret to publish any actual misfortune
and would make a royal fight on any
journal that would cast slurs upon it.
If we have the figures right, and we
think we have, the amount of money re
ceived by the Agricultural College and
the Experiment Station from the State
and National governments is about $55,
000. Most, if not all of this money is paid
out right here in our midst for the con
duct of the college and station, and those
who receive it naturally sgend it in the
channels of trade. There were two hun
dred and forty-seven students enrolled
during the past year and more than two
hundred in constant attendance. Now
let us suppose that each of these students
spent an .average of five dollars per month
each a very low estimate. This would
make $1,000 per month and fothe nine
months of the school vear would make
$9,000, a total expenditure and circuit
lion of at least $64,000 per year from this
This is worth something in the way of
business, to say nothing of other things.
And yet, if the scurrile News and Ob
server can have its statements accepted,
the college has been "wrecked," "looted,"
"parceled out", as spoils and made unfit
for anybody to come to. Ic is a thiog to
be shunned and anybody would simply
be disgraced by attending it. Gadzooks I
what patience the business men of the
town must have to endure such vicious
and would-be obstructive business policy
as this ! ! Not that it is going to be the
least effective, for not a man in the State
will believe what the News and Observer
has said about it but jutst think of the
unutterable foolishness and meanness of
even saying such things. Great Scott!
No wonder the people are disgusted be
yond expression. The Caucasian.
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR ADDITION
AL COUNTY COMMISSIONERS
The General Assembly of North Carolina
Section 1. That whenever as many as
twelve electors of any county (one-half
of whom shall be freeholders) shall make
an affidavit before the Clerk of the Su
perior Court of the County, that they
have carefully examined into thej busi
ness affairs of the County Commissioners
elected by the people, and they have as
certained that the Board of Commission
ers have unlawfullyand wilfully, or be
ing incompetent, haVe unlawfully and
wilfully mismanaged the business affairs
of the county; or have unlawfully and
corruptly misappropriated or caused to
be misappropriated, or misapplied any
part of the funds of the county then,
upon filing such affidavit with the Judge
of the District, or the Judge presiding
therein, it shall be the duty of such J udge
to issue a citation to said Board of Com
missioners requiring them to appear be
fore him at such time and place as he
may name, after having given them ten
days' notice thereof, stating the particu
lar act or acts constituting the breach of
duty complained of, which shall be fully
set forth in said affidavit, and answer the
charges therein made
Sec. 2. That if such Judge Bhall be sat
isfied, after hearing the charges, answers,
a vlv &MmJmiimm6Yth at the charges
made as aforesaid are true, then it ehall
be his duty to appoint two honest and
discreet electors and citizens of said
county, who shall be of a political party
different from that of a majority of the
said Board of Commissioners, who shall,
from their appointment and qualification
by taking the oath required for County
Commissioners, be members of said Board
of Commissioners in every respect as
fully as if elected by the people, and Ehall
continue in office until the election and
qualification of their successors of said
Board of County Commissioners.
Sec. 3, That all laws and clauses of
laws in conflict with this act are hereby
Sec. 4. That this act shall be in force
from after its ratification.
In the General Assembly read three
time and ratified thU oh day of March,
North Carolina's Teachers' Association.
This grand and auspicious meeting as
sembled in the city of Raleigh the 15th
instant, and was called to order by the
president, Prof. A. B. Vincent, who, by
his tireless efforts and ceaseless energy,
and also push of the secretary, brought
together the largest and most intelligent
gathering of teachers and educators yet
in the history of the convention. The
welcome address by Mr. Meserve, Presi
dent of Shaw University, was a charm;
also those of Profs. Hawkins, Capehart,
Pearson, Hon. James H. Young and Mrs.
"Wednesday morning, the 16th, the
President delivered before the Asso
ciation his annual address, which was a
most excellent production, giving the
history of education, its purpose, and
what must be the inevitable result of
those who neglect this great force. Great
stress was placed by the speaker upon
moral, physical and intellectual educa
tion, and a generul outline of policy to be
pursued by the Association was given
oy him. The address was evidently a
gem of rich thought, and its style .of de
livery and diction was also charming,
and tilled our sOuls with new aspirations,
new thoughts, and new anxieties. It was
the conceded opinion of many that the
address was far in advance of anything
of the kind yet had.
Geography, by Logan D. Howell, Super
intendent of the Raleigh Graded Schools,
was interesting to the Association. The
easy and practical way in which he pre
sented the subject captivated the Asso
ciation. Many thanks are due Professor
Howell for his excellent work.
Prof. Vick, of Wilson, with those who
followed him, did themselves great credit
upon the discussion: How can the Asso
ciation be made more effective for the
best interest of Negro education ?
The address by Mr. J. W. Bailey upon
North Carolina's needs was a fine one,
and we are sorry it could not be heard
by all the people in the State.
Dr. Mclverlj address reached the cli
max and put on the capstone. It set
plainly before the Association public ed
ucation, and told it that the State must
educate both races or neither.
Primary Arithmetic, by Prof. D. P.
Allen, of the Whiten Normal School at
Lumber ton, was prsented on a high plane.
His presentation of the method was
much spoken of, and many were heard
to say that Prof. Allen " knows how to
get there every time." Many said they
thought Prof. Allen is one of our finest
The subject of Reading, by Prof. C. N.
Hunter, and his teacher Miss Mary Love
with their class, was a subject of interest,
and every teacher would do well to adopt
their practical way of teaching reading.
Dr. Scrugg'a lecture on School Sanita
tion was out of eight it was so good and
yet so practical. It gave such whole
some advice to the Association with ref
erence to keeping good health. Certainly
much credit is due Dr. Scruggs for the
masterly wav in which he bandied his
Manual Training and Drawing, by Prof.
Pearson, of Durham Graded Schools, was
also a work of merit, and the work of
his pupils, which he put out in the As
sociation, was sure test of his fitness to
execute that part of the program assigned
The conference of presidents of high
schools, academies and colleges, over
which Rev. A. B. Hunter presided, did
some very effective work, which no doubt
will result in great good to our institu
tions and be of much benefit to educa
tion in the State.
The discussion: How can our pupils be
made more efficient in English ? in which
Prof. J. W. Byrd, Principal of the Smith
field Preparatory School, was leader, was
well presented. Prof. Byrd did not read
a paper on the snbject, but, after making
a few brief remarks touching the proper
teaching of English in the most effective
and progressive way, proceeded to give
his method of teaching beginners in
English by black-board illustrations, and
his easy, progressive and attractive way
of presenting the subject of English to
his pupils shows him to be -at once a
teach of power, possess? jg no mean at
tainments and thoroughly conversant
with the subject in hand. The Associa
tion was much impressed with the method
Prof. Byrd gave as the first essential,
true fitness on the part of the teacher;
second, he must properly instruct and
correct the mistakes of his pupils in the
Prof. Byrd was followed "on this sub
ject by Prof. Wilson of Kittrell Institute,
and Prof. Hagans, of Goldsboro. These
gentlemen read able and scholarly pro
ductions on this subject, and to more
thoroughly convince you of their depth
of research, comprehensive thought, you
have but to think of these gentlemen.
The paper upon the Classics, by Prof.
Crittenden, of St. Augustine School, was
a rare treat to the Association, and showed
unusual ability, deep research, broadness
of mind, a deep and comprehensive knowl
e Jge of the classics and how they may
be profitably utilized by the educator.
The paper by Rev. O. Fadumaon "How
to cultivate a love for reading," was a
masterpiece on that subject. . Everybody,
especially teachers, should have heard
this paper. Rev. Faduma is a gentleman
of broad culture and large experience.
Kindergarten, by Mrs. A. B. Hunter, of
St. Augustine, was excellent, and though
her little pupils being in a strange place,
surrounded on all sides by strange faces,
yet great skill and development might be
observed. Mrs. Hunter deserves very
much credit for her work, and it shows
further, that she knows what to do with
little fotks in the school-room.
School Government, by Mr. 'Meserve,
President of Shaw University, was prac
tical and to the point, and if there was
any teacher in the Association who had
not a proper conception of school gov
ernment, certainly he cannot say so now
since hearing President Meserve.
The annual concert was surely up to
date in every feature. The recitations
showed thoroughness of preparation and
the music was charming to the ear.
The paper and remarks on the snbject:
"How early and to what extent should
the study of literature be introduced into
our Bchools ?" by Prof. Tucker, of Albion
Academy, was not wanting in excellence,
and it might be seen at once that he was
master of the work before him.
Prof. P. W. Moore, Principal of the
State Normal School, Elizabeth City,
made impromptu remarks on the same
subject, which were very good and show
ed him to be a teacher keeping abreast
with the times, and that he is not easily
left in the literaryfield.
Civil Government, by Prof. E. A. John
son, was skilfully an i profoundly handled
and the discussion of the eubiiwtylil4
did credit to this able .representative of
the race, and evidences the fact that the
high estimate put upon his legal ability
is not misapplied. .
The election of officers produced a lit
tle storm, but the hurricane passed over
and there was a great calm.
Sunday morning the teachers attended
Sunday-school and church at different
churches in the city.
At four o'clock the Association assem
bled in the University Chapel to hear the
annual sermon preached by Rev. C. C.
Summerville. The sermon was a soul
stirring one and highly delighted the As
sociation. The music on the occasion
was also excellent, showing culture and
refinement. Text: "Then shall the right
eous shine forth as the sun," etc.
Permit me to say that Profs. A. B. Vin
cent and A. J. Griffin are entitled to the
most profound gratitude from the teach
ers and friends of education in North
Carolina, because we believe more prac
tical good has been -accomplished in this
Association for the teachers than ever
before. It was said by those able to
judge, than the plan and policy of the
Association showed more constructive
ability than that of any previous session,
and the character of the work done by it
was of more practical value to the teach
ers Chan anything yet had. May Profes
sors Vincent and Griffin ever be remem
bered by the teachers and friends of edu
cation lor the advanced steps as long as
good thoughts and noble deeds are re
membered, and have a sacred place in
the hearts of a loyal and generous hearted
Permit me to say, that my feeble pen
is unable to give a full description of this
grand and intelligent body of educators,
and of the intelligent and impartial man
ner in which it was presided over by its
worthy president, Prof. A. B. Vincent.
"Why people will wonder why the
Negro does not go into business when he
has nothing to go into business on."
Newbern, N. C, June 22, 1897.
Editor Gazette: The above appeared
in the Colored American's last isfcue. By
your permission I will give the young
man some light on the subject since I
started and commenced business on ten
A brainy man does not need any money
to start business on. His needed capital
is a brainy head, a pair of willing hands,
and an honest heart; that young man
who is possessed with these prerequisites
has a capital to open up business on, for
the Bank of England is behind him.
Isaac H. Smith.
Call for Parents' Conference.
A Parents' Conference will be held in
Raleigh, N. C, on July 28, 29, 30 at
Blount Street Baptist Church. Beloved
pastors, fathers and mothers, and all who
are interested in making home happy, are
invited to come. Remember that this
Conference is for all denominations and
Every human heart should be interest
ed in whatever tends to make home the
best, the purest and the happiest spot on
earth. Mrs. Alice Patterson,
Mrs. C. H. Kino.' President.
Rocky Mount, N. C, June 26, '97.
The New Era Institute will hold an in
stitute at Harrellsville, Hertford county,
on the 13th 15 ih of July. It is antici
pated that this will be one of the grand
est meetings we have held. The lectures
will all be given under the plan for the
fourth session. Blackboard synopsis is a
special feature. Dr. Pegues and Rev. C.
S. Brown have been invited to lecture.
C. C. SOMERVTLLE,
Paper Read by Mrs. Charles M. Eppes,
f.Tarboro Graded' Schools, Before
the N. C. State Teachers' Association
Subject: How Can the Association
be Made More Effective for the Best
Interests of the Negro Education ?
This is a matter well worth our deep
thought and careful consideration. It
touches the very life of our progress.
One of the best methods that presents it
self to our mind is unity of aim and pur
pose. The constituents of this Associa
tion must be a unit to be effective. In
union there is strength. If ever there
was a time and place where union was
needed, now is the time and this is the
place. Every consecrated negro educa
tor from Cherokee to Currituck must be
united in their efforts to sustain each
other in the noble work of 'character
building, for that is what education
means. Each of the other professions
have their associations, and they are ef
fective, possibly more so than ours is, for
the -evident reason that they are more
united. To make this Association more
effective we must be more united, more
unselfish, more loyal to each other and
the cause we represent. The poor over
worked, underpaid negro public school
teachers are, perhaps, the most abused
persons in-the community. They are the
prey of the human vulture that produces
nothing himself, but lives upon what God
and human ingenuity have produced.
Nothing seems to fatten on anything of a
disparaging nature which may be said of
the teacher. And, strange to say, this ani
mal appears to be indigenous to any soil
and any community. But he cannot ma
terially harm the person nor the cause if
we are really associated. Let the Asso
ciation mean a oneness of purpcse, and it
will follow the dawn as the dark, that
effective ends will result.
How can this unity be consummated?
Start out on a new scale. Let the As
sociation select one person, who shall be
empowered to organize county Associa
tions, and thus carry to county teachers
the inspiration of the progressive teach
ers of North Carolina. The time has
come when this organization should get
statistics from the counties through regu
lar accredited delegates. It would be an
inspiration to higher and nobler endeav
ors couldwe know the number of pupils
annually attending our universities and
normal schools from the different coun
ties. Organize the district teachers and urge
them to meet the State gatherings. In
this you will prevent a few from con
trolling the affairs of the Association. If
results are to be efftctive, we must go to
the teachers of the State and get their
sympathy and material aid.
Give us the facts that bring to us suc
cess in the work of training the children
of the State and directing them to loftier
ideas and aims.
In conclusion, let me say that this uni
fication in school work might well be
kept up by not allowing denominational
and political influence to warp our citi
zenship along educational lines. There
never can be any real progress so long as
these enter to dominate our public schools.
A blighting frost has recently passed
over the State in some sections in the se
lection of the enemies of local taxation as
well as the enemies of negro education to
man our public school system. Organ
ize, not simply to eend some ambitious
soul to the front, but rather to make the
world better. Unite to pluck up a thorn
and plant a rose whenever you can.
Unite to lift. the mas es out of the slough
of despair and inaction to a nobler life,
a higher aim. Unite to enthrone the
Hero of Calvary in the hearts and lives
of coming ages then will the millenium
dawn on the effects of this Association.
''I Beware I
BSaSEoitor of the Gazette: Allow
pie spacA fa fee oera-aaoa of yoor paper to
say a word on the title or heading above.
When one in traveling sees the word
" Beware I" We immediately wishes to
know what is to be noticed or what is
Beware of imitations, beware of frauds,
beware of bad company; worst of all, be
ware of the wine-glass, beware of intoxi
That great evil that is destroying both
soul and body of men.
" Wine is a mocker and strong drink is
raging, and whosoever is deceived there
by is not wise."
In olden times when there came a fam
ine or pestilence or a great wind destroy
ing the property or lives of the people, it
was thought to be the work of a great
dragon and men would arm themselves
and go out in search of him.
Yearly this was looked for and mil
lions of dollars worth of property and
thousands of lives were destroyed.
To-day there is a great evil in the land
and it is destroying the lives and property
of our countrymen, the most persistent,
the most overpowering enemy of. the
working classes is intoxicating liquor.
" It biteth like an adder and stingeth
like a serpent."
It is the anarchist of the centuries and
has boycotted and is boycotting the body,
mind and soul of men and American la
bor. It is annually swindling industry out
of a part of its earnings. It holds out its
flaming invitations to men of all trades
on their way to work, and at noon and
on his way home at eventide; and, when
Saturday or pay-day comes, it snatches a
large part of the wages that might do his
family good, and sacrifices it among the
Where are the billions and billions of
dollars that has been paid to the working
classes? One billion, Bay, gone for house
rent, etc., the others gone or wasted at
the gambling table, wasted in intoxica
ting liquors.. Look at the hundreds and
thousands of men that intoxicating li
quors is pouring its vitriolic and damnable
liquid down the throats of men whiie they
are stiking daily for higher wages.
There should be a universal strike that
if kept up would be the relief of the work
ing classes, and would be the saving of
the souls of men.
Our county spends a year $1,500,050,000
Oh, workingman, think of the wages
thrown away for whiskey, and think
that instead having to depend on your
labor, you might be independent.
Young men, leave off this evil, when
preparing for a ball or are to entertain
your lady friends, and depend on your
manly vigor to carry you and assist you
all of this bringing you to want and
poverty and shame, and will at the end
cause you to fill a drunkard's grave.
There are those people that are kept in
poverty, because 01 their own fault. They
chew and smoke up their wages. Strong
drink, it destroys the tender feelings that
a man has for his family, it takes away
his care for himself, self-respect is gone,
part of his nature is destroyed, but he
cannot help it, he cannot stop.
The Philistines have bound him hand
and foot and shorn his locks, and have
put out his eyes, and are making him
grind in the mill of great horror. Oh, it's
a sad thing to feel and know that he is a
captive to this evil.
Oh, how many homes have -been
broken up by this evil ? No owe but God
Lastly, now the unfortunate does not
only suffer the loss of property, but an
eternal loss of the soul; if we are not for
given here, in the world to come our bad
passions and appetites will go along with
us and make our torment there in eter
nity. Where is the rum to come from?
Oh, if a fiend could come to earth and
carry back on the tips of its wings, one
drop of rum and let it tduch the tongue
of .one of the lost, he would spring to his
feet. And cry, "That is rum I that is
rum 1" And it would wake up the echoes
of the damned.
"Look not upon the wine when it is
red, when it moveth itself aright in the
Oh, that the world and the Christian
army would arm themselves to fight
against this destroyer of body, mind and
soul of men.
Oh, beware of the day of judgment
and wrath, when the books shall be open
ed and all the drunkards come up to hear
Father, teach your boy to leave it off.
to abstain from this dangerous habit of
And may the day hasten on, when
men will begin to reform. Think of the
destruction of this evil, and look at the
souls that it is carrying captive to death
and destruction, and you would kneel
down and pray to God to wipe this evil
from the land.
Yours for Christ and the cause of Tem
perance. C. C. MClNTIRE.
The sixteenth annual session .of the
State Teachers' Association, just closed at
Shaw University, was without question
the best and most profitable session yet
held in all its history. The large number
of talented and versatile body of the beat
teachers, the high order of conducting
the deliberations, the numerous subjects
presented by experts, and the many prac
tical class exercises in fundamental prin
ciples.make this a memorable session, and
settles the question of ability to accom
plish anything attempted by the intelli
gent, conscientious and courageous man
hocd and womanhood of which North
Carolina stands in the forefront of all
States. The broad constructive ability of
this year's administration, the work cov
ered by the various committees, from
school sanitation, summer Normal up to
College work, evidenced a new era in the
educational work of the State for the fu
ture. ' There was a conspicuous absence
of the noisy clap-trap politician, who has
disturbed the previous sessions from time
It may be that this disturbing element
will henceforth take up headquarters in
the "Lighting-bug Convention," as the
North Carolina Colored Teachers' Asso
ciation has become too enlightened for a
display of such tactics. A summer school,
a college bureau of information and sta
tistics, a campaign committee on local
taxation, a trustee board of summer nor
mal are some of the new things origina
ted by the Association. The executive
commitiee of the Association are Hon. J.
C. Dancy, Profs. G. E. Davis, A. J. Grif
fin, C. S. Brown, L. E. Fairly, S. H. Vick,
II. H. Falkner. Committee on Local
Taxation for the forthcoming August
election: Profs. N. C. Bruce, J. R. Har
kins, J. C. Dancv, W. B. Crittenden, A.
G. Davis, A. B. Vincent, Rev. R. H. W.
Leak, Mr. Epps. Dr. E. E. 8mith, C. N.
Hunter, Dr. A. W. Pegues. Trustees of
Summer School: Profs. C. G. O'Kellv,
A. B. Vincent, Hon. J. C. Dancy, P. W.
Moore, G. C. Shaw, J. D. Chavis, Mrs. C.
S. Brown, Miss Cora Person. These are
some of the important measures brought
Those who were active and influential
in the leadership not only of the Associa
tion, but among the people everywhere
were, the President, A. B. Vincent, Hon.
J. C. Dancy, J. R. Uarkins, J. A. Whitted,
Dr. N. F. Roberts, A. Griffin; Secretary:
N. C. Bruce, C. G. O'Kelly, R. H. W.
Leak, A. W. Pegues, W. G. Pearson,
Prof. Wilson of Kittrell, T. O. Fuller,
Hon. E. E. Smith,. Mrs. E. E. Smith, L.
Fairly, A. J. Davis, P. W. Moore, J. A.
Sivage, L. B. Capehart, C. N. Hunter, P.
F. Maloy, C. C. Somerville, C. S. Brown,
I. W. Hoi Jen, J. P. Williams, Profs. But
ler and Williams and H. H. Falkner of
Greensboro, Mrs. S. S. Atkins and Profs.
Atkins and Crittenden, H. E. Hogans,
Rev. O. Faduma, Mrs. CVS. Brown, Mies
Cora Pearson, Miss Ruffin; Assis'ant Sec
retary: Mrs. C. M. Enps.Mrs. G. C. Shaw,
Mouses iruem ore, Robert E. Fitzgerald
of Durham, Misses barber and Ciarrisia
Williams of Wilson, the Miss Loves, Up
perman and Mrs. Branch of Raleign,
Prof. J. W. Byrd of Smithfield, Misses
Lewis of Tarbjro and Oxford, Prof. D.
P. Allen of Lumberton, Mrs. Fitls of
Winston and others. A Teacher.
For the Gazette.
Smithfield, N. C, June 14, 1897.
The commencement exercises of the
Columbian High School at this place,
taught by Mr. W. G. Sanders, were very
List Friday morning, the 11th inst.,
the exercises were opened for examina
tion of the different branches of study
aud proved vejy satisfactory.
At 1 o'clock p. m. the principal .en
joyed dinner at the residence of Mr. and
Mrs.,W. H. Brown.
At 3 o'clock p. m. a vast crowd of
spectators, white and colored, assembled
at the base-ball ground to witness the
match game of ball between Wilson and
Smithfield. The game was very inter
esting, and hotly contested. Smithfield
won by a narrow margin.
At night the church was filled to over
flowing to witness the closing exercises.
The proficiency of the examination ex
ercises in the day and the high order of
the speeches and declamations at night,
showed that the teacher had been very
faithful in the discharge of his duties,
and deserves the confidence of the com
munity as a competent instructor.
The salutatory by Miss Eliza B. Wood,
was gracefully Bpoken and received ap
plause. The solos, by Miss Lillie B. Smith and
Miss Sarah Sanders, were considered ex
cellent and well rendered.
Master Charles W. Smith delivered an
oration and was highly complimented.
The declamations by the small children
were applauded to the highest. Their
manners and deportment on the rostrum
elicited the highest praise.
The duets and dialogues were of the
highest order of excellence.
Miss Olivia O. Bryant delivered the
valedictory. It was a very commend
able effort and received a round of ap
plause. At the conclusion of the reading of the
valedictory Mr. E. R. Whitley came to
the front and in very appropriate re
marks introduced Mr. J. M. Beckwith,
who delivered the annual address. Mr.
Beckwith was greeted with great ap
plause. In the course of his remarks he
paid an eloquent tribute to the courage
of the Negro on the field of battle when
his country called him to duty, and of
loyalty and patriotism in times of peace.
The speech. was well received and ap
plauded. At the conclusion of Mr. Beckwith's
remarks Mies Olivia Bryant presented
him with a basket of very beautiful flow
ers, then as a further token of esteem the
juvenile class marched upin line and each
presented him a beautiful bouquet.
The exercises were closed with a grand
march in which the young ladies of the
Miss Geneva L. Beckwith presided at
There were many visitors from Wilson
to witness the closing exercises. Mrs.
Joseph Scott and daughter, from Golds
boro, was also present.
Mrs. Rosa Caldwell, the aunt of Mr.
John H. Rhodes, died at his residence in
this city on last Tnursday morning after
a long illness. She was a lady of many
rare virtues and was beloved by all who
knew her. In her death St. Paul Church,
of which she was a member, loses a faith
ful and zealous worker. Ur funeral
was preached by Rev. R. H. W. Leak at
the Christian Church. Peace to her ashes
and sympathy for the bereaved.
Commencement Exercises of Livingstone
College--A. M. and College-KJttrell
Institute- Sblloh Institute Wake
Baptist Missionary Union Decoration
Day at Salisbury, N. C. x
This has well been called the literary
age. Men (and we mean mankind) every
where, North and South, East and West,
are catching the spirit of the age, and
with hearts inflamed with ambition and
a determination to know more about the
things which surround them, t'lereby be
coming more like God Himself, they are
marching onward, hand in hand, remov I
ing impediments discovering and prose
cuting new enterprises.
The idea that a man succeeds in life by
being identified with a certain race of
people, is very fast sinking into oblivion.
The Universities, Colleges and Semi
naries, which have been provided for the
young men and young women of the col
ored race, have done their work so effi
ciently until it does not take an eye of
great faith to realize that the colored
young men and women will compare fa
vorable with those of any race. The-results
of such institutions justify the state
ment that man succeeds in the world, by
industry, intelligence and fhtergity.
It has been our pleasure to attend an
oratorical prize contest.
The contestants were Misses Laura Mc
Bee, Helen Thompson, Ida Houston,
Gracie Gilliam, Mattie Lofton and Emma
Williams, Miss Helen Thompson won
the first prize and Miss Emma Williams
received the second prize.
Rev. R. S. Rives, D. D., delivered a
very able address before the Union.
Among the many good and wise things
said by Dr. Rives, were: " Women have
been the mothers of all great institutions."
He also said that the American women
has gone ahead of her sisters in other
parts of the world, and that he thought
the women could do the country far more
good at the cradle and around the fire
side at home, preparing the minds of the
boys and girls for the duties and responsi
bilities, which they must meet as citizens
of their grand country of ours, than they
could at the ballot-box.
To much cannot be said in the way of
commendation of the Woman's Chris tain
Temperance Union, which is doing such
a great work in our country to destroy
forever the Demon, the Deceiver, the
great Enemy of right and Morality
A. AND M. COLLEGE, GREENSBORO, N. C.
Commencement exercises took place
May 23-27. Bishop Hood preached the
annual sermon and Rev. E. J. Gregg de
livered the annual address.
Rev. P. P. Claxton, A. M., addressed
the Y. M. C. A., on Monday p. m., May
The Y.M. C. A., like Y.W. C. T. U., is
destined to do a great work in tho salva
tion of the young people of our country.
We were present, Tuesday night. May
25th, the programme for the evening was
a Declamation and Recitation Prize Con
test. There were twelve contestants. It was
not announced who the victorious ones
were. They all spoke well. It demons
trated very clearly that there were great
powers hidden in the young men and
women, which needs only to be revealed
by worthy, energetic and able teachers.
The A. and M. College is to be -commended
for its very excellent music. One
who sits and listens to it, may at times
imagine himself in the " far beyond " en
joying the music of that beautiful region
with its inhabitants all immortal.
Mr. P. E. Robinson, of Raleigh, N. C,
and Miss U. II. Short, of Greensboro, N.
O, are especially commended for the ex
cellent manner in which they rendered
music during the commencement.
While we were in town, Prof. J. D.
Chavis, Mecsrs. U. II. Graham and J.W.
Emerson and Rev. S. H. Weatherspoon J
Mr. E. W. Hate he tt is doing a first
clasj tailor business at the Piedmont
House, SCO South Elm street.
Prof. W. O. Spaulding is conducting a
fine art studio in Greensooro. Ilia work
is giving satisfactiou. It shows that he
has an excellent talent.
KITTRELL INSTITUTE, KITTRELL, N. C.
We were just a few minutes too late
for the commencement exercises of the
Institute. But, as Mr. Geo. Taylor, the ex
clerk in the Gazette office, had been at
tending the Institute, we asked him to re
port the exercises to our paper.
However, we were made to feel pretty
good by receiving some money for the
Gazette from Prof. J. R. Hawkins and
Mr, J. U. Thorp. Mr. Thorp is a strong
candidate for the Kittrell postoffice. He
has our best wishes for success.
We also had the pleasure of a warm
hand shake with the following distin
guished divines: Itevs. J. C. Bar ham, J.
W. Telfair, J. S. Deary, G. W. Pearson,
C. R. Sanders, P. W. Wortham, P. J. Jor
dan, W. II. Capehart, C. H. King, J. B.
McGee, E. Hearse, A. Strong and R. II.
Kittrell Institute Is somewhat ahead of
the surrounding institutions insomuch
that it has a nice brass band, which ren
ders splendid music.
SHILOH institute, warrenton, n. c.
Commencement exercises, May 27-28:
The exercises, in every way, were very
good such as reflect much credit upon
the teachers ana the institution.
Mr. Julius Watson, a former student,
was present, and spoke some very encour
aging words, concerning the school. Mr.
J. A. Levister, of Wake Forest, N. C, was
present also during the commencement
exercises. On the night of the 28th, he
made a short but instructive and scholar
ly speech, which was enjoyed and appre
ciated by all who had the pleasure of lis
tening to it. Misses Lula N. and Cora
Thornton, who have been attending
school at Hartshorn Memorial College,
Richmond, Virginia, arrived home time
enough to take in the commencement of
Mr. W. J. Pritchard runs a jewelry
shop on the Main street in Warrenton.
Mr. Pritchard is the only colored jeweler
in town, and one of the few in th State.
Messrs. Joseph Somerville, R. H. Alex
ander, John Branch, C. D. Curtis, J. A.
Johnson, Miss Mary J. Ward and Rev.
Isaac Alston placed some cash in our
hands for the Gazette, while Miss India
A. Faulkner, Mis. Fannie A. Davis, Rev.
M. I. Somerville, Messrs. Taylor Perry, J.
E. Harris, R, L. Stanback, Joe R. Davis
and Ned Kearney, Jr., gave us their sub
the wake baptist missionary union.
The union met at St. Matthew's church
May 29-30. The meeting was well attend
ed Saturday and Sunday. Very interest
ing subjects were discussed during the
H. Pair, the pastor of the church,
delivered the welcome address, and Rev.
J. J. Worlds preached the missionary
sermon. Bro. Ornal Flemming presided
in his usual grace and dignity.
While we were there, we were request
ed to place the names of Messrs. B. F.
Hopkins and T. S. Stokes, among those
of our subscribers.
DECORATION DAY AT SALISBURY, N. C.,
It is reported that more people go to
Salisbury on Decoration day than to any
other place in the State on similar occa
sion. Salisbury was thronged with thousands
of people on Monday, May 3 let. There
were tnree large excursions in town, one
from States ville, N. C, and one from
Greensboro and another from Charlotte,
N. C. Each excursion had a brass band.
The bands furnished music for the occa
sion. The proceesion marched to the National
cemetery and , after some patriotic speech
es, the people proceeded to tho courts
house, where the regular t xcrcinl 1 were
carried out. . I
After devotional exercises La wytr Hen
derson, the president of the dayi, Intro
iiioxi lYr dlii.uduaDockerv.who deliver.
ed the annual address in a very able man
Hon. J. C. Dancy conducted the col
lection. x '
"The muffled drum's sad roll bai I eat.
The soldier's last lattoo.
No more on life's tiarade shall mn t.
That brave and fallen few."
"On fame's eternal camping grouiuL
Their silent tents are spread
And glory guards with solemn roenda
The bivouac of the dead."
Prof. E. Moore and Mr. G. A. lUr'igham
gave us some cash. We were also pleased
to meet Mrs. J. C. Dancy, who dtsired,
that we 6hould call to spend somti time
with Hon. Dancy and herself, but, as our
stay in Salisbury, was so short, vve did
not have the pleasure of doing bo. '
The citizens are very glad to h.ive the
Hon. J. C. Dancy with them agair 'after
a pleasant visit North. J. D. Pair, ,
mmm ' ,
Eastern Snap Shots and Association
Well! the teachers who attended the
association at Raleigh last week art) loud
in their praise of President Meserve, of
Shaw University, and the citizens of
Raleigh, for the effoits put forth for the
entertainment of the teachers. . -
Rev. C. C. Somerville preached k spir
itual sermon at St. Paul M. B. Church
last Sibbath. He preached a very able
sermon last week at the Association.
While in Raleigh last week we visited
Fertilizer Inspector Young's office and
the Governor's office, and we are pleased
to note the fact that Private Secretary
Alexander is the right man in the right
In the Association report last" week
some names were left out in naming the
Executive Committee. It was becaumt
we were not close to the Secretary's
books. This writer does not belong to
the hide-bound crowd. We will do even
justice to any one, whether he thinks as
we do or not. We are not conctitad,
either. Do you hear?
Young man, if you would win in the
battle of life the efforts put forth roust
Devour own, the "stand still" amount
to little. You must face the criticisms
of the world at once and win your own
laurels, trusting in God and doing the
The success of the North Carolina State
Teachers' Association was due in a Very
large measure to Prof. A. B. Vincent,
Institute Conductor, aided by Prof. A. J.
Griflin, whose affability won him Many
friends. The president did excellent
service by making the members feci that
they were to run the Association. ,
Miss Lucy W. Cooper, of Windt', N.
C, is still moving ahead, and with pluck
and push she stands in the front ratik of
our progresbive ladies.
Rev. Sutton, P. E. of the Washington
district, passed through Goldbboro last
Monday en route for Hendoraon.
Dr. E. E. Smith parsed Rocky Mmrit
on Saturday last en route for Wan ton
where be was to preach on SundaC find
on Tuesday he is to bo in Raleigh M at
tend the "Campaign Committee." ' I
"Local Taxation" should be the M uch
word from now on to the 10th of Aogust.
Victory should be perched on the banner
of our public school system. No colored
man can fail to support Ibis important
question. Denominational and poliical
conditions should not for one moment bo
entertained. . . . j
Mr. C, M. Erpes is on the sick lint. t
Prof. Wm. h. Fonville hat ten loted
asbistant principallo Dr. E. E. SmitMfor
the Slate Normal at Goldsboro. iW k
Mrs. George II. White and hul id
vituted Utfiiimore on the 20th and l-
mington, Delaware, on the 28th. 1 1
Rev. R. II. W. Leak rather hadM
of our young ladies and men in af
T 1 a r rtn Si ilfiitli mrtrrttnrr A 1 1 -( r '
Association. They were wondering K
they should say, if called uponi 1
Barlow acquitted him&clf well. I Y
Thfl "narrow rrm: rAr-td " nlwnt' 1
to find the omissions of their fell
It's to be hoped that the it
women who are in earnest abl
nHranppiniinl aVinntil tua tiri inrl a
a victory in August. Our cilizoiH
Graded School districts ehouldx
our people in the country districti
Hie day has come when one n
for the present and live for the ti
President J. B. Dudley, of theV
has been on the sick list, but
Congressman G. II. White pres
Princeville Graded and the St.
E. Parochial schools, through tl
cipals, Mr. John C. Jones and U
Perry, with a very large map of tl
States, showing the physical a:
the political features of the sam
Dear Gazette: For the last montl
a half the members and congref atu
the Baptist church here have hep
themselves in the right way. We
built a nice parsonage near th cln
that will compare with any colored j
eonage in the state, lhouirh tbe poi
are getting but very little for tbeir la
here, yet at the same time they saw that
this house was needed to be built, so they
gave their money freely. In the time we
have been building nearly $300 has been
raised. The pastor and family moved in
the parsonage last week, and they like
their new home very well indeed. After
a grand rally in the Sunday-school of
$15 last Sunday,- the pastor baptized four
happy souls. The work in church and
Sunday-school is very fine.
ours, in the work of tho Lord,
Geo. W. Mooke.
Jacksonville, N. C.,; June 15.
Whereas, the Rev. C. C. ftamerville,
of Rocky Mount, N. C, the Ittptist Dia
trict MiHRionary Minister on jlluiue and
Foreign Missions, having lectured on Die
subject of Home and Foreign Minions in
our town, and having made tuch an lui
predhion. concernine the rural diHtf 1
Africa being in such a deplorable condi
tion j it is therefore
Jtesolved, We tender to him our con
gratulation and high appreciation of his
address by a riding vote of appreciation
and singing one verse of "There shall he
Showers of BleBsinng."
Mrs. N. N. IICMrimnv,
Prof. M. B. Covington,
Prof. N. N. Uumpukky,
Committee on Jtcsolvtum.
X TLANTIO ANi NOKTH CAROLINA
f-i. KA1LKOAD TIME TAbLK.
IlT KfFKCT BPWnAT. NoVRtt BKR 1ft, WH.
601 NU WJ2MT
Arrive I Lea ve.
VI ore head City
a 4 connect with
den train bound North. Iwnvl
r. m . p. w.
6 60 6 M
7 28 7 83
r. n. p. m.
11:35 a, ra., and with Richmond and Ianvllie
train Went, leaving Ooldhboro at 8 n. in., and
with Wllmlnrton, Newbern and Noriolk at
Newbern lor W'llmlDgton and Intermedial
- Train 8 connect with Richmond and Dnn-
VV.'J tw.,,n,.arr.lTlni1 - od"tam 8 p. m..ar,d
with Wilmington and Weldon train from lha
North at 8:05 p. m.
No. 1 train aim connect with Wilmington
Newbern and Norfolk lor WllnHiirUm MJ
LaiermeUlate point, H. I iulLL,
ot 8prt&Uadat( 1