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iriMiim-wiimttii i 111 ii m i -iiwiii -ii i mini -" " "- " ""' " 1 " "
r i i 11
H THE WEEKLY GAZETTE.
THE WEEKLY GAZETTE
Bates of Advertising.
A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER
JAMES H. YOUNG, Editor and Prop.
A. J. ROGERS and J. D. PAIR
General Traveling Agents.
Oae square, one Insertion t W
uf squire, one month... l wj
WBtqvmrv.twomonurs. ....... it vv
a(uarWiniee mouths. 8 CO
One square, sIlTDtiths.. ...... 6 00
Ooesnuore. one .ear 9 00
C3Llberal contracts made for larger
RALEIGH. N. C. SATURDAY, AUGUST 28, 1897
micro" in a p?priM
Telegraph Companies Fighting the
THE PUBLIC SCHOOL TAX.
t'nnble to Procure Evidence Against
Lynchites--Wants Coy Assassin
Pardoned 3 lie Shipment of Apples.
The Western Union Telegraph Com
pany last week appeaaed before the
l'aihvay Commission, in Raleigh, -with
a restraining order granted by Judge
Simonton, which prevents the Commis
sion from enforcing its order making
the message rate in the State 15 cents
for tea words. Iho matter will be
beard at the United State3 Circuit Court
f f Wilmington at the September term.
1 he order is dated August 13th and re-
straius the commission from making
any rate for the Western Union which
floes not apply to any other telegraph
com pan j
Tbe Postal Telegraph Company filed
an exception to the Kail way Commis
sion's 00-cent rate; the exception was
overruled and Otho Wilson Mas dele
gated by the Commission to represent
this company at the hearing of the
Western Union case at Wilmington.
Editor Bailey says earnest efforts will
be made to have the decision of the Su
preme Court in the Barksdalo case test
ed. The point at issue i3 the constitu
tional requirement that the public
schools shall be open four months in
each year, and that if this is not done
the commissioners avo liable to indict
ment. The Supreme Courtwas divided.
The majority held that the constitution
was contradictory; that the school tax
is part of the general tax. Judge Mer
l imon dissented and it is along the line
of his opinion that those who will make
this new test have hope. They hope it
will be decided that the school tax is a
special tax and not within the constitu
tional limitation, po the commissioners
can be required to levy a tax to run the
schools four months.
The State Board of Tax Equalization
finds the following average values in
the Stale: Farm lands, S3. 78 per acre;
town lots, S-i:0 each; horses, $34; mules,
i?44; cattle $i).S3; hogs, 81. 28; sheep,
17 cents; goats. 0.3 cents; bicy
cles, 8-1. 33. The returns made to the
board show gross irregularities in val
uation. One count', Stokes, returns
81,000 acres more of land than it did
last 3-ear, yet the valuation is only $1,
000 more. In all cases where the val
ues of auimals were found to be below
the average hey are brought up to it.
Those above the average are not trou
bled. Solicitor Leary, of the First judicial
district, informs the Governor that it is
impossible to procure sworn evidence
upon which to substantiate the charges
made against the Lynchites or sanctified
band now holding meetings in the
Eastern counties. Ho says he is power
less until he is furnished with sufficient
evidence to convict. It will be remem
bered that the Governor received some
days ago information that this band was
(ing various lawless ects in Eastern
Carolina, such as living in adultry,
breaking marriage ties and causing in
fanticide. Reports as to mines are coming iu
daily to tho labor bureau in Baleigh.
The'output of the Corundum Hill Mine,
in Macon, is given as fifty tons yearly,
worth 140 a ton, and the mine is val
ued at $', 000. The Portis Gold Mine,
in Franklin, is reported to yield $10,
000 a year, and is valued at $150,000.
The North Carolina members of the
Grand Army of tho Republic want this
State made a separate district. It is
now with Virginia, and the commander,
whose name is Stebbins, is heartily
disliked by a lot of them. He is out in
a circular begging them not to ask for
he change. Charlotte Observer.
W. B. Craighill, profcesor of me
chanics at the Agricultural and Me
chanical college, resigns to take a bet
ter position in a Northern college. J.
M. .Johnson, of West Virginia, who
was elected assistant professor of agri
culture declines to accept.
The negro, Dock Blount, who corn
committed rape upon Miss Jane Stepp,
in Greene county, in , Jcnuary, was
tried at Snow II ill court last week and
found guilty. Two colored men were
on the jury that convicted him.
The following are awarded Feabodv
scholarships from North Carolina: W
M. Stancell, of Jackson; J. V. Simms,
of Dillsboro; Miss Blanche Diipuy, of
Davidson, and Miss Emma Conn, of
The reports on shipments of apples
from twenty mountain counties are
coming in to the labor bureau at Ral
eigh. Caldwell county reports that
it will ship 10,000 barrels.
A delegation of ladies called on the
Governor last week to ask him to par
don Avery Butler, who, in Sampson
county, when only 14-years-old, assas
sinated his father.
J. J. Martindale, an ex-postmaster in
T)ut ham county, is in trouble and has
fiiven ;&j00 bond to annear before the
Federal Court to answer th
the charge of
reusing postage stamps.
Capt. C. 8. L. A.Tayor, of Char
lotte, has been made chief marshal of
the colored State Fair.
The Secretary of State allows the
Crawford Gold Mining Company, of
Stanley, fo change its name to the
"I'nited Gold Fields Corporation."
''urtliage's new hotel, thirty-five
looms, to cost $10,000, will be open
'ovunber 1st. Mr. Shaw, of Louis
ville, Ky., is the owner.
One hundred and thirty convicts art)
now working on the nine miles of the
Carthago railroad extension. Track
laving begins September 1st.
PINGREE TO THE BANKERS.
He Telia Them We Must Have BI
inetallsm by International Agree
ment. The American Bankers' Association
opened its anuual convention in De
troit, Mich., on the 17th, with dele
gates present from all parts of the
Governor Pingree welcomed the del
egates. Speaking of the currency
quostion, he said the demonetization
of silver reduced the avail ablo amount
of primary money one half. To reme
dy this state of affairs it if sought to
effect an agreement among the nations
whereby the unit measure may again
be in silver and gold at a certain ratio.
He said the use of the gold in the arts
would cause a stringency in the money
markets. He recommends the taxing
of manufactured gefld and said he
favored more Btringerrt laws to compel
corporations to allow honest competi
tion and to prevent the omission cf
President LowryJ, of the association,
congratulated the .members on the tri
umph of the gold Standard, approved
the Indianapolis monetary conference,
and said if returning prosperity is not
here it is on the way. He made the
statement that the association had lost
340 members by the new schedule of
On the 18th the star at traction was the
great speech of Conir! troller Eckals.
With a profound knowledge of the his
tory and science of finance he sounded
a note of warning to the American peo
ple, taying tho financial, system of the
Unitecl States was a piece of crazy patch
work, and that the only hope is in the
John W. Faxon, of Chattanooga,
Tenn., derided Mr. Bryan's claim that
the price of silver controls the price of
wheat, and said the recent fall of the
one and rise of the other offered con
clusive proof of the falsity of the claim.
Only fev of the States failed to re
spond with a statement of industrial
Interesting discussions of practical
banking questions followed Mr, Eckels
address. "Is a credit bureau or bureau
of information to prevent loeses from
bad debts possible among bankers,"
was the subject of the first paper, read
by John H. Leathers, of Louisville,
Mr. John P. Branch, president of the
Merchants' National Bank, Richmond,
Va., discussed the question "What
legislation is needed in respect to tho
VIRGINIA REPUBLICANS MEET.
Chairman .Lamb Downed, But
Will Call Another Jleeting.
At Lynchburg, Va., on the 18th, the
Republican State committee met with
all thirty members preseut or repre
sented by proxy. Col. Lamb, the chair
man, did not attend the meeting, he
claiming that it wus illegal. Charges
against him were made and the commit
tee voted 27 1-5 to 2 4-5 to depose Col.
Lamb as chairman.
The address to the Republican voters
of the State is a document of some 1,200
words, devoted largely to a donuncia
tion of the Parker election law and tho
methods of conducting elections under
it. It says that facts and figures aro iu
the hands of tho committee demon
strating that (iu the election of
last fall) the ballots fraudulently
destroyed after they had been cast
"exceeded by thousands the majoitjy
returned lor the .Democratic electoral
Park Agrew was elected. chairman to
succeed Col. Lamb.
oi. LamD nas mo lonowmg to say
on tne action oi the committee:
"I consider the action of the State
committee as illegal. It was called by
four members of tbe executive commit
tee at an informal meeting held in
Washington without notifying tho fifth
member and chairman, myself, which
is not in accordance with the plan of
"After consulting with leaders of the
Republican party in the State, I will
call a convention, which will not be
later than the middle of September, re
gardless of the action of the commit
tee." BOMB FOR FAURE.
An Attempt to Assassinate the Presi
dent of France.
Paris, Aug. 19 (By cable) Tho de
parture of President Faure. of France,
on a visit to the Czar of all the Rnssias,
at St. Petersburg, on the 18th, was
marked by a scene of the greatest ex
citement, accompanied by the circula
tion of the wildest kind of rumors.
After his departure a bomb exploded
along the route the president had fol
lowed to the station.
Although no damage was done, the
most intense excitement prevails.
It is rumored that the explosion of
the bomb was an attempt to assassinate
President Faure, the explosion having
been ten minutes later .than was inten
ded. The bomb was cylindrical in form,
the covering being of yellow paper, and
was filled with gun poAvder mixed with
long-head nails. Experts upon exami
nation of the infernal machine say the
bomb was a comparatively harmless af
fair. An official investigation is in prog
ress. After the assassination of Canovas
del Castillo by the anarchist- Golli a
few days ago one of the anarchists
stated that President Faure would be
the next victim.
A dispatch from Paris says a man
named Periar was arrested on the train
on which President Fauro arrived from
Havre. The prisoner had a loaded re
volver in his pocket, and is known to
be a dangerous - anarchist, who has al
ready served a term of two years' im
prisonment for having in his possession
an infernal machine.
To Hang for Rape.
At Henderson, N. C, on the 18th,
by a jury, three of whom were negroes,
George Brodie, colored, was, after
seven minutes of deliberation, found
guilty of rape upon the person of Miss
Nannie Catlett, white, of Kittrell, and
was sentenced to be hanged Sept, 1st
Wheat's High Water Mark.
In New York on the 18th the price of
September wheat rose to 94, and the
sales were 16,315.000 bushels. Great
excitement prevailed in tbmwkVrom
tart to finish, .
E88 of coni
Tobacco Cutting is Nearing Com
pletion in the Carolinas.
RAIN NEEDED IN THE SOUTH,
But General Crop Conditions Aro
Favorable Tobacco Injured by
Storms in Virginia.
Tho United States weekly crop bulle
tin cf the Agricultural , Department
issued on the 17th says:
Drought continues in portions of
Missouri, Tennessee and Southern
Texas and the absence of rain is begin
ning to be felt in Indiana, Illinois and
portions of Virginia and North Caro
lina. There has been too much rain in
Now England, and local storms have
caused some damage to crops in
the Southern States, Oklahoma,
Kansas. Nebraska, South Dakota,
Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio and in
the Middle Atlantic States. un
the Northern Pacific Coast the
week, although very warm, has been
favorable for harvesting. In the cen
tral valleys the weather conditions ol
the week have not been wholly fav
orable, being too cold, and over a large
area too dry. Good rams have, how
ever, improved the crop in Kansas and
Nebraska. The week has been very
favorable to cotton, except in North
Carolina and portions of South Caro
lina, Mississippi and Southern Texas,
where it suffered from drought. Gen
erous rains over the greater part of the
cotton belt have arrested premature
opening and shedding.
Spring wheat is about fihished in the
South Dakota and southern Minnesota,
and is in progress in the northern part
of tho latter tttate and in North Dakota,
Heavy rains have delayed harvesting m
North Dakota and caused injury to the
over-ripe grain. In South Dakota some
fields in which the stand was thin, have
been ruined by weeds. Spring wheat
is also being harvested under favorable
conditions in Oregon and Washing
ton. Tobacco cutting is general in the
more northerly tobacco States and is
nearing completion in the Carolinas.
In Tennessee the latter crop is improv
ed, but in Indiana and Kentucky it
has made but slow growth. Reports
from Maryland and Pennsylvania are
favorable. In portions of Virginia lo
cal storms haye caused much injury to
The reports indicate that plowing for
fall seeding had progressed less favor
ably than in New Jersey, Michigan,
Kentucky and Nebraska, but in Virgi
nia and Missouri, this week has been
delayed on account of the drj" condi
tions of the soil.
THE KLONDYKE CRAZE.
Something About the Situation From
U. S. Commissioner Jones.
William J. Jones, United States
Commissioner to Alaska, assigned to
St. Michael's, has sent to the Interior
Department the following report of the
gold rush in a letter dated at Dyea,
Alaska, August 4th:
"There are nearly 1,800 peoplo in
Dyea and Skaguay routes and both
trails aro blocked. People are throw
ing away their packs and provisions
and rushing headlong to the mines.
Great distress, hardship and suffering
and possible death from hunger and ex
posure is sure to follow next winter, an
opinion tnat is entertained by all old
Alaska prospectors who havo visited
that part of the world in late years and
know the situation."
A WIKE TO-AIjASKA.
The Canadian government has sub
mitted formal proposals to this govern
ment to establish communication with
the Klondyko region in Alaska by the
construction oi a telegraph line from
the head of winter navigation on the
Lynn canal into the center of the Klon
dvke district. The proposals have been
taken under advisement. They have
been approved by the British secretary
of state for foreign anairs and were for
warded by the Governor-General of
Canada through the British embassy to
the Stato Department and referred to
the Interior department. ine papers
are locked up pending consideration.
In the Matter of the Verdict in the
Huntt Damage Suit.
Mr. J. E. Huntt, who recently got a
verdict in the United States court in
Asheville, N. C,, for $8,500 damages in
his suit against George W. Vanderbilt
and Charles McManee, the damages
consisting of injuries to his leg by a
rock from a blast falling upon
it. has been served with notice
of appeal upon the part of the
defendants. -Tho hearing will come
up before the United States court of
appeals at Richmond, Va., on the first
Tuesday in November. Judges (Jon,
Simonton and Brawley will be judges
upon the bench at that time. Mr.
Huntt's attorneys are very confident of
a dismissal of the appeal. Columbia
(S. C.) State,
White Men to Bo Hanged
Bud Brooks and Grady Reynplds,
convicted at Jeffersonville, Ga. , of the
murder of Merchant M. C. Hunt, have
been sentenced to be hanged Friday,
Sept. 24. . ,
Death of Dr. Kollock.
A special to the News and Couriei
from Cheraw, S. C, announces the
death of Dr. Cornelius Kollock, one
of the most eminent physicians of the
Stato and an authority on abdominal
surgery. He was born in Cheraw in
1824; graduated at Brown University,
and in medicine at the University o
Pennsylvania, and studied in Paris
under Velpeati and others. He mar
ried Miss Mary Henrietta Shaw, o
Boston, . - - -
MILLS RESUME WORK.
New England Manufacturers Feeling
the Improvement in Business.
At Fall River, Mass., on the 16th,
most of the cotton mills which havo
been stopped temporarily started on
full time. The improved condition of
the cloth market and the reported ad
vancement of the cotton crop served to
restore a measure of confidence among
manufacturers. The curtailment haa
amounted to a quiitsr of a million
pieces. The Eddy Woolen Mills open
ed it3 doors after a four-montns' curtail
ment. It is planned to start only the
dye house at present, with other de
partments opened as the work pro
gresses. The factory employs about
At Providence, R. I. , the Lonsdale's
Company's cotton mills started after a
week's shut-down, giving employment
to about 5,000 operatives. It is stated
that the demand for woolen and cotton
goods is on the increase.
Repairs in progess at the Methuen
Cotton Mills, at Methuen, Mass., art
being pushed forward rapidly, and it is
expected that operations will be re
sumed in some of the departments in a
week. Tho mills shut down August 7,
at which time it was stated that they
would be idle three weeks. The mills
employ about 500 hands.
At Salem, Mass., the Naumkeag
Steam Cotton Mills resumed operations
after a shut-down of sixteen days, but
will run on a full-time schedule before
long, if tho market is satisfactory. The
plant employs 1,400 people.
- At Chester, Pa., the employes of
Geo. C. Haltsel & Co.. manufacturers
of worsted goods, have been notified
that the wages paid in 1893 will be re
stored on September 6th next. The no
tice was a surprise, as tho restoration
was granted by tho firm without solici
tation on the part of the hands. Halt
sel &Jjo. employ several hundred peo
ple. Since 1892 two reductions of
wages have been made, aggregating
about 20 per cent, and until three weeks
ago the mill has been running on half
time. The firm has of late received
many new orders, and the employes ara
working lull time.
A DELUGE OF COTTON.
The Greatest Crop Ever Made Is Now
Mr. H. M. Neill, the well-known
statistician, of New Orleans, La. , has
issued a circular on the growing crop.
tYfter referring to the correctness of his
estimate made in J uly, 1834, of the crop
of the season, Mr. Neill says:
"At this moment, for this year, the
promise is equal io any previous year
in every State but Texas, and on the
present acreage, even allowing that
Texa3 should fall short of her
maximum production per acre by
1,000,000 bales, the out'ook now
is for a crop of at least 9,750.000
with 50,000 to 1,000,000 more within
the range of possibilities. This figure
of 9.750.000. is really vcrvcouBervative.
for a product per acre outside of Texas j
bales and a maximum for" Texas would
be S, 050, 000 bales from which allowing
1,000,000 off, you would have a crop of
10, 300,000 bales. The crop is now so far
advanced from recent rains and heat
that it will reach maturity and be inde
pendent of frost atau unusually early
date. Should we soon have good rains
in Texas her cror also would be near
perfection, and the. possibilities for total
crop would then be enormous. "
MURDERED HIS MOTHER.
Horrible Crime Committed to Get
Money to Spend on an Actress.
A special from Galveston, Tex.f ol
the 16th, says: Mrs. 'Kate Gallagbcu
for.twelve years a school teacher in this
city, who lived with her son Virgil, a?
Thirteenth and K streets, was found to
day with her throat cut from ear to ear
and tho body charred beyond recogni
tion. After killing her the murderer
set fire to the bed.
Virgil, the 20-year-old son of the mur
dered woman, has been arrested and
confessed that he committed the crime
to get money to spend on a variety ic
tress. The crime was deliberately
planned and executed. The young man
had packed his trunk and was ready to
leave. He had the furniture insured
and with the money expected to letve
Texas as soon as the fire insurance
could be adjusted. But the fire was
discovered in time to prevent the de
struction of the house and the bloody
shirt which the murderer woro when the
crime was committed.
Prince and Count Fight a Duel.
Paris, Aug. 17 (By Cable). The
Count of Turin and Prince Henri of
Orleans fought a duel with swords at
5 o'clock on the morning of the 15th,
in the Bois de Marechanx, at Van
cressen, M. Leontieff acted as umpire.
Tho fighting was determined and lasted
20 minutes. Thero were five engage
ments, of which two were at close quar
ters. Trince Henri received two
serious wounds, in the right shoulder
and in the right side of the abdomen.
The Count of Turin was wounded in
the right hand. Prince Henri re
ceived two serious wounds, in the right
shoulder and in the right side of the
abdomen. The Count of Turin was
wounded in the right hand. Prince
Henri was taken to the residence of the
Due da Chartres, and received medi
cal attention. The condition of Prince
Henri of Orleans is as satisfactory as
could be expected. The doctors, after
consultation, have expressed the opin
ion that no important; organs were
touched, but absolute rest is necessary
for recovery. Henri extended his hand
to his antagonist after the duel. The
Pope threatens the duellists with
excommunication, as duelling is for
bidden by the Roman Catholic Church.
Cashier Milam Caught.
J. H. Milam, the absconding ticket
agent of the Seaboard Air Line in Char
lotte, N, C. , has been caught near Mor
ristown, Tenn., and Sheriff Smith of
Mecklenburg, has the thief in jail now.
He will be tried at the next term of the
criminal court for the misappropriation
of 31,444.44, the property of the S. A.
L. The authorities in Tennessee will
get the $200 reward offered by the
American Bond and Snrity Company,
ia which be 'was bonded for $2,000.
DESTINY Of 1 NEGRO.
Resolutions Denouncing Outrages
Upon Helpless Women.
OUR AFRO-AMERICAN COLUMN.
One Serious DrawbackIt la Easy tc
Float With the Current Abuses the
Entire Negro Racr.
At a meeting of the Wake Colored
Baptist Association, at Franklinton, N.
C.,' icsolutions were offered by
James H. Young, and unenimonsly
adopted. The preamble saya that the
association notices with great regret
the very large number of arrests oi
negroes in various parts of North Car
olina and the South, for committing
the most dastardly, cowardly and in
famous crime known to society, name
ly, outrages upon defenceless women,
and that this crime has increased to a
large degree, and threatens to create
and perpetuate the greatest alienation
of the two races. The following is the
text of the resolution:
' 'Resolved. That we stamp our most
c-mphatic condemnation upon all ol
that wretched and infamous class who
have committed or who may commit or
attempt to commit, such outrages
against society; and pledge our will
ingness to co-operate with all law
abiding citizens to bring to justice any
and all who are or may be guilty of
such revolting crimes. ,
"Resolved. That we, as pastors aud
leaders among our people, will do all
jn our power to create among them the
otrongest sentiment against this crime
and criminals, and urge them to do all
in their power to assist in bringing to
justice such lawless characters, be they
within or without our race, who are a
curse to humanity.
"iiesolved. inat wo denounce with
equal emphasis the men who become
violators of the law of God and the land
by banding themselves together in mobs
or lynching parties for the purpose of
murdering the helpless villain upon
whom the strong arm of the law has al
ready laid its just hands.
"Resolved. That we commend the
Governor of North Carolina aud the
Governors of such other Southern States
as havo taken such heroic stands in
lifrtwin rr ta cfirmcr arm nf ttifl law
cround those charged with crime to the
end that the majesty of the law may be
upheld, which in itself is sufficient to
punish men who commit or attempt to
commit such outrages.
W e urge our readers to maintain a
1 roper 6elf -respect. We do not mean a
vain self-importance, but rather a
inanlv. sober, true 6elf-respect. There
is a vast difference between the two,
self-importance is tho sign of great
weakness. It is disgusting to sensible
people. Self-important people are un
popular with the masses, but genuine
sen-respect is highly praiseworiuy. n
will not prevent one from being de-
smsed and bated by certain ones,
Christ had great self-respect, yet He
was shamefully despised and terribly
hated by many. And what is self-re
spect? It is a careful regard of one's
character, for lm honor, for his hon
esty, for his faithfulness to his prin
ciples and for his promises. No man has
true self-respect who disregards these
qualities. A self-respecting man will
not tell falsehoods, nor chsat, nor use
profanity, nor willful misrepresent au
other person, nor take unjust advan
tages of another man's necessities
Such things grossly damage him who
does them; hence, if you properly re
spect yourself j'ou will not intentionally
do anv which will harm yourself. If
you rightly, respect your soul you will
not curse it by indulging in conduct
that blasts it, that withers it, that dead
ens it to holy influences. When you
promise to perform a thing, keep that
promise sacred. If you owe a debt, pay
it. In anyone wrongs you, do not re
taliate by misrepresenting him. In
anyone insults you, do not insult him
His doing wrong does not make it right
for you to do wrong. By all means, in
all ways, rightly respect you?elf.
The Negroes of Williamson county,
Tennessee. Irankin county site, ac
cordins to the county commissioner's
report who collerVd the exhibit for the
Negro departmeat of the Tennessee
Centennial, pay taxes on 506,600 worth
of property. This is owned by 414 in
dividuals and is classified as 9.22J
acres of farming land and 138 town
lots situated in the town of Franklin.!
Several are doing successfully. Indi
There is one serious drawback so far
as the progress of the negro race is
concerned, "and that is ignorance in a'
great many incidencies in the pulpit.
To preach "is to teach and no man or(
woman can teach without first peparing
themselves. The day of miracles has
passed. It is just as essential that a
minister be equipped in his vocation as
it is for a lawyer or doctor in theirs.
It often occurs that an honest man
makes a' failure in his chosen field bo
cause he is not suited for the work, but
he will seek earnestly until he finds out
what he is fitted for. Every one can do
oomething, but too many do not come
up to the full measuro ol duty.
A white lady in Memphis recently
died and left her entire estate, valued
at $45,000 to her colored man servant.
It is now in order for the Southerners
to lj-nch him on the charge of having
raped the woman into making such ol
dying will. Ex. J
Whenever a henious crime is done
and the criminal is not then and there
indentified, the average little one-gal-lus
white detectives goes out looking
for a black man, and if he fails to find
one upon whom the crime,canbe fasten
ed, he at once gives it up as a mystery,
and the little hide-bound white papers
begin to abuse the entire Negro race. ;
f If It can be proved that "love Is a dis
ease" there may be something In tho
germ theory that microbes are trans
ferred by klsslriff. j-tj-, .
JJ.!.r:vJ.M:.l..u.T.lll,T-t r-?J--TJra.l i.i.t.-.t.i.-..j..j,i.ij.i.i. r J 'yrrr.TT?
Effect of Enftlling Food.
The logical conclusion of the large
imount of experimenting on this sub
ject at the Ohio and other stations is
that the process of ensiling adds noth
ing to the nutritive value of the feed
ing stuff. It does add to its palata
bility, however, when the method has
been properly employed, aud in conse
quence a larger proportion of the fod
der will be consumed. In regard to
he cost of this method, we do not con
sider it any greater than that of the
ordinary method of cutting and husk
ing and stacking and grinding the
grain, and certainly all this must be
done if the food materials are to be
thoroughly preserved and made as
completely available as they are in
well cured silage.
A Snmmer Iloj-pen.
Tho swine quarters aro oflcn in
buildings connected with the house,
and in such cases are likely to become
offensive during the warm weather of
summer. It is wise in such a case to
construct summer quarters out in the
orchard. The cut gives a suggestion
for a cheap little house and yard. The
end of the yard has a sloping top, so
that the pigs can lie out of doors upon
the gronnd, and still be protected
from the sun. The roof of the little
house can be of matched lumber and
left unshingled. New England Home
stead. The Cabbajc l'.oot M.tsjot.
The white maggot in cabbage root is
the larva of a two-winged fly, which
closely resembles ths common house
fly except that it is smaller. The flies
appear in April and early May and lay
eggs at the base of newly-set cabbage
plants. These eggs hatch iu about a
weekr The maggots begin work iu
the young roots and proceed in their
attack to the larger roots and finally
the stein. Iu two or three weeks the
maggots are full grown and proceed to
pupate. After loue days the next
brood of flies emerges. Thero are
about three such broods.
The b?sfc Irjatnisat to r.void this
maggot is to put cabbage in ground
where turnips, radishes or cabbage
were not grown tho previous year.
There is no satisfactory reme ly to de
stroy the maggjts and save the cab
bage, but the best is the use of carbon
bisulphide. Inject a teaspoonfnl just
under the plant when the maggots are
first discovered in May. It would not
be Rafe to replant the same ground
with cabbage either this or next pea
son, although late cabbage is not ho
much troubled as is the early crop.
Lime or salt would not destroy or
drive away the maggots. Ainericau
Culture of Melon.
Watsrmelons are ex33ssive feeders,
and many fail in attempting to grow
theoi bec.iusa th?y d j not furnish suf
ficient plant food to supply the neces
sary strength for vigorous vine an 1
fine fruit. Not infrequently water
melon vines tarn yellow aud die when
they saould b3 just in tueir prime
simply from plant starvation.
I prepare the ground as for corn.
Lav off in rows twelve feet apart each
way. I dig a hole about one and one
half feet deep and perhaps three feet
in diameter. In the bottom of this I
put a peck or more of good stable ma
nure, tramping it lightly. Next put
in a layer of soil, and follow with a
layer made up of equal parts of soil
and fine rich manure thoroughly
mixed, and. lastly, where tho seeds
are'to be placed, another layer of pure
soil. Sow seeds thickly and cover
about one inch. When the second or
third leaf shows thin out to two or
three plants in the hills. If excep
tionalfy large melons, regular "prize
takers," aro desired, thin to but one
plant in the hill. I cultivate about as
I do corn, hoeing each hill after an
entire patch is plowed. If very dry,
cultivate often, particularly about the
hills. It is some trouble to thus pre
pare the ground, but it more than pays
in the size, number and quality of
melons produced, also in theincreaser
length of time that the vines are in
bearing, as they remain green and in
goon condition until killed by frost.
Orange Judd Farmer.
The Horn Viy,
One of our representatives writes
that the little black horn fly is again
appearing to the great annoyance o
the cattle and loss to the owners who
are anxious for practical methods to
prevent the loss of thrift which follows
the discomfort which the ny causes
When the fly first J appeared in this
country about ten years ago, all sort
of wild stories wero told concerning' it
Among other thing3 it was said that
the fly ate through tho horn, caused it
to rot and laid eggs in it which alter
wards penetrated the brain. There is
of course, no truth in such tales, bu
the facts are bad enough, for the an
noyance to cattle is very serious and
prevents thrift in beet animals and
milk production in dairy herds.
A great many methods of combating
it have been tried with more or less
success, those most effective consist
ing of the application of substances o
an oily character, Jierosene emulsion
applied with a rpray pump, has beca
found quite useful, as it kill all tho
flies it touches. Good results have
been secured with fish oil lo which
about two tablcspoonfula of carbolic
acid to tho quart is added, the mixture
being applied with a broad, flat paint
brush. Two parts of fish oil or cot
ton seed oil and one part of pine tar
is a successful application and tho cot
"i Iot7. At the Mississippi Experi
ment Station this mixture was applied
to three hundred and fifty cattle at a
cost of only $2.20. These suggestions
indicate in a general way the character
of the remedies to be used. Any of
them require frequent renewal as they
only protect tho cattle for from threo
to six days. When dairy herds can b
confined in dark stables during tho
day it is best to do so, care being taken
to keep the flies out.
The horn fly is propagated from efrp
laid in the droppings of the cattle, and
it is therefore a good plan to break
these up when the droppings have bo
come a little dry. One peculiarity
about the horn fly is that it cannot
travel well unless it has cattle to ac
company. If, therefore, the farmer
can prevent the multiplication of th
fly on his own premises by the use of
the remedies and by breaking up thi
egg-bearing droppings, he is not likely
to be much troubled, even though tl9
fly bo numerous on the adjoining farm.
Tli Farm (lirdi-n.
The garden i3 the most pro.luctivo
ere of the farm. If it is not, it fdiould
be made so. It is tho most indispen
sable part of farm life. Half of our
iving should come from our garden in
Not one-half the country people mali
an effort to have a garden. Thero aro
some that start out well m the spring,
sow au abundance of seed and never
ook at the garden again until they
think it is time they should have re
sults. They take a look and cannot
find any for the weeds have covered
the little plauts. Then they oma to
the conclusion that the nee I did not
grow. They say all sorts of things
about the seedsmen, and mow off the
weed and wait until auotber spring
when they go through the same pro
cess. Now this is all wrong. To hoop
he garden clean we should begin early
and continue tho cultivation until fall.
It is impossible to destroy all the
weeds while we arc cultivating tha
early vegetables. Little patches of
weeds around ta9 garden will produco
seed enough to seed the whole garden
noxt year. We should try to plan so
a? to keep all tho ground occupied iu
the garden. It will require but liltlo
more labop to cultivate a cabbage or
turnip ira variant plao than simply
to cultivate to keen down tho wtrod.
You can sow lettuce in July an 1 it
will be nice in tho fall. Cabbage aud
turnip can bo transplanted into tho
ground when the early peas and pota
toes have grown; or you can set ceu-ry
and beets for winter use. Koep all th
ground occupied. If clean cultivation
is given, as hhould bo dune, tho weeds
will be killed out and at th samotium
g:od crop secured. Thinning out
plants is an important matter iu gar
dening; beets and carrots will not grow
to any size if left too thick. No vege
table but tho onion will Maud crowd
ing. If the soil is rich enough onions
will grow to a goo 1 m.o when lvo or
six stand together; they will crowd
each other out of the ground all but
the roots and will bottom nicely. The
onion maggot destroys onions bally; a
good remedy ia to lake tho soil awny
from the buibs no matter if tho littlo
onions tip over; ro long as tho roots
are in the ground they are all right.
By doing this the fly has no chance to
put its eggs on tho stalks un l tuaa
there are no maggots ip the bulbs.
Farm and Home.
A Poultry IIoubp DptIcp.
Where fowls are kept in confine
ment, whether the season be summer
or wjnter, they must be furnished
green food iu the rorm ol caunags,
turnips, beets or cut clover. Tbcsn
should not be thrown loosely int o th
pen to become quickly soiled, but put
HACK FOR FOCbTRY FEED.
into a rack with sloping sides, liko
that shown in th sketch. The hens
reach through tbe slats and cat what
they desire. The top slopes so tht
they cannot roost upon it. If filled
with cabbages, etc., tbey will come
down to the hens as fast as eaten.-
To prevent a bruise from becoming
discolored apply immediately water as
hot as can be borne comfortably,
changing the cloth as it loses its heat.
If hot water is not to be had at once
moisten somo dry starch with cold
water and cover the bruised part with
it. . . .
1 fc !