page has errors
The date, title, or page description is wrong
This page has harmful content
This page contains sensitive or offensive material
Click "Submit" to request a review of this page.
0 / 75
JAMES H. TOUWO,....Editor and Proprietor.
A' J SiP3, Geuert Traveling Agente.
J. D. PATE,
One year, - $i5
Six months, - - 75
Three months - - - 50
Entered at the Post-office for transmission
through the United States mails as matter
coming under second-class rates.
tSfAll communications intended for pub
lication must reach the office by Tuesday
morning. Anonymous letters will receive no
ISfAddress all communications to THK
Gazette, Raleigh, N. C.
RALEIGH, N. C, AUGUST 28, 1897.
THE NEUUO l'ROBLEM.
Bishop Petty Talks Entertainingly Upon
What the Colored man is loing
for His If ace.
For the last two or three years an agi
tation has been going on among the col
ored people in this city looking to the
general improvement of their condition.
This agitation has been along two lines
principally, the object of one set of lead
era being to induce the colored people to
think and act independently in politics
and of another to periuiade them to co
operate for the establishment of negro
business houses or to foice the owners of
large establishments to give employ
ment to colored young men and women
The latter movement has had the sup
port of the colored ministers of the city
in a greater degree than the former, but
it will probably please both sets of lead
ers to know that Bishop C. C. Petty, who
presided over the A. M. E. Zion confer
ence, which recently closed in this city,
approves of both kinds of tffort on the
colored people's behalf by those among
them who are well enough educated to
act as leaders. Bishop Petty does not
think, however, that the negro problem
is to be solved in the North at all. It
must be worked out in the youth, which
he maintains is the colored man's home.
DR. PETTY TALKS.
At the close of the conference, and be
fore leaving the city, Dr. Petty talked
interestingly about the prospects of his
race and told a ttory of what has already
been accomplished, which must be con
sidered by friends of the negro as en
couraging in the extreme. Dr. Petty's
district embraces the States of Delaware,
Maryland, Pennsylvania, Kentucky , Ohio
acid the District of Columbia. In response
to questions regarding the progress which
the negro is making and his relative con
dition in different parts of the country,
Bishop Petty said :
"It is hard for anyone who has not
traveled or worked extensively among
the colored people to form any ade
quate conception of what they have
accomplished and of what they need.
Much has been done for them by the
whites of the North and by the whites of
the South : they have done much for
themselves ; much remains to be done.
It is in the South that the negro must be
Been to be understood ; that it is his borne,
and it is there that he must work out his
destiny. If you should ask me whether
he is better off in the South than the
North I should have to answer that it de
pends upon the standpoint from which
you view his condition. In some, in
fact, many particulars, he is better off in
the South, and my conviction is that it is
best for him to s! ay there. I believe, too,
that that is what he will do. You in
Pittsburg have had a considerable col
ored emigration from the South, but my
belief is that it is abcut over, and that
few more will come. This city contains
a great many colored men lor whom
there is no opportunity for employment.
Particularly is this tiue of those who
have received an education, upon the
same terms and in the same schools with
the whites, and when t! ey have it they
are denied the chatce to earn their liv
ing by it The same l hir.g is largely true
of Northern cities. It is not so in the
TREATED BETTER IN THE SOUTH.
" There are approximately 10,000.000
colored people in this country, and they
own about $500,000,000 worth of prop
erty. The bulk of this is in the South,
and this is the reason that, as regards
their material conditon, they are better
off in the South. They have much more
wealth there, and where men have
wealth their chance to secure the other
blessings of life is greatly improved.
True, there is more poverty amung the
negroes of the South than in the North
also, but even the poorest may have the
opportunity to work at any kind of labor
for which he is fitted. In nearly every
county of most of the Southern States
there are black owners of farms ranging
in size from 1,000 to 10,000 acres, and
where they do not own land the black
men are employed to cultivate it. Tbis
has been their principal employment, but
-we are hopeful that in the rapidly de
veloping industrial sytem of the South
the colored man will have his place, and
that the negroes will shortly be perform
ing in that Southland the same kind of
work which is done in the industrial
cities of New England and in your own
iron mills of Pennsylvania. They now
own and operate many grist mills and
cotton gins, and we shall soon have in
operation at Concord, N. C, a cotton
mill which will employ black labor ex
clusively. A capital stock of $100,000
has been eubscribed by colored men, and
as industries requiring skilled labor de
velop in the South we expect to see the
labor performed largely by colored men.
SHUT OFF FROM EMPLOYMENT.
44 It is true that industrial development
in our Southern Slates has been accom
panied to a considerable extent by the
immigration of foreigners and that they
have sometimes been given the prefere nee
over colored men. In the North the
negro is told that he possesses all the
civil and political rights of the white
man, yet when it comes to obtaining em
ployment he finds that his civil and
political rights avail him nothing. In
the South there are certain well defined
limits to the sphere of the negro, but
thebe do not include his employment. He
is entering all the professions ; he is
learning to perform all kinds of skilled
labor and he gets the fullest oppoitunity
for the exercise of his talents and abili
ties. I know of colored attorneys who
are recognized as leaders of their bars
and have many white men among their
clients, and of colored physicians who
have extensive practices in white fam
ilies. The colored carpenter or brick
layer may work upon hou-.es where white
.men. are employed and none of them
think of offering objections. In the North
the edllCRiftd p.olnr1 man ia mo in u
- - . vj ujV lli VtlKJ
outset of his career by an almost im
passable wall of prejudice and the col
ored artisan is prevented by the trades
unions from showing what he can do in
almost all the lines of skilled labor.
HAVE SEPARATE SCHOOLS.
"Political equality does not compen
sate for this and no more would social
equality if the colored man could obtain
it. One of the great causes for the limit
ing of the colored man's opportunity in
the North is the school system. In all
the Southern States we have separate
schools for blacks and whites, and the
result is that there is a great field for the
work of educated colored men and
women aa teachers. In the North a col
ored youth may fit himself for teaching
but he cannot get a position. There are
a few places where he can, I believe, but
they are so insignificant in number as
scarcely to constitute an exception to the
rule. We tielieve in our system of edu
cation in the South for this reason and
also for the reason that no white teacher
can inspire a colored boy or girl as a col
ored teacher will do. A white man may
be absolutely free from prejudice and yet
he cannot convey to a young negro the
enthusiastic desire to do something for
his race which is necessary to constitute
a man a leader of the colored race.
4'I have tested the spirit of young col
ored ministers on several occasions and
I find almost invariably that those who
have been trained by colored professors
are vastly the better equipped for exer
cising a beneficial influence upon the
people. I was educated hy white pro
lessors mjself, so you will readily admit
that I am not prejudiced. There are any
where from IUO.000 to 200,000 colored
men and wi men working aa teachers of
the colored youth throughout the South,
and I think it may be said that nearly
everywhere the negroes enj y as good
public educational advantages as the
whites. Prejudice against the education
of the negro has almost disappeared, and
where there are white schools there are
alo black one. That the opportunity
for employment which this affords goes
to ; 1 red men and women is acceptable
to us 111 the highest degree. It should
not be otherwise anywhere in the coun
try, and in general it is by the perform
ance of the labor of their race that the
negroes are to be employed aud the race
PREJUDICE DYING OUT.
44I would not be understood to claim
that prejudice against the negro race is
yet gone from the Sou h, but it is only in
sections that it yet remains in all the bit
terness of a few years ago. The States
where it is the most persistently has bored
are Mississippi, Louisiana aud Texas, and
even in theoe States a negro who does
not concern hitn&elf too much with poll
tics may be honored and respected, in
professional and business life. As an ex
ample of the hbeiality which prevails in
North Carolina, I may instance the fact
that in the last four years there have b-en
only three men lynched, and two of them
In the district in which I live we have
had colored coioners and State's attor
neys elected by a majority of white votes.
Our renreaentative in Congress is a col
ored man, George H. White, my neigh
bor. There are throughout the State
over 100 petty magistracies filled by col
ored men, though less than oLe-tnird of
the population of the State are negro s.
Our wnite neighbors understand us and
we understand them, and in politics pre
judice is being broken down by the dis
position of the negro to refuse longer to
be considered as identified with one po
litical party. This disposition on his part
has come largely through his taking an
interest in local politics.
"If the negro is a property holder his
interest in municipal and county taxation
is reasonably certain to be the same in
such matters as that of his wnite neigh
bor who is a property holder, and so it
has come to pass that many colored men
are known as possessed of very indepen
dent notions concerning their county
and city politics.
"This independence is rapidly extend
ing to their views regarding national
politics; and I think justiy so. Take the
question of free traae or protection, for
instance, and it is quite clear that if free
trade is to the inter st of the white south
ern farmer it is to the interest of the
black southern farmer, too.
One thing which will aid very largely
in decidiug trie attitude of the colored
population upon this question will be the
disposition which the manufacturers
show toward them iu the matter of em
ployment. If manufactories growing up
in 1 he South by the help of Northern cap
ital employ the black labor of the South,
then the negroes, it seems to me, will de
cide that protection is what they want.
If the practice of bringing in foreigners
spreads and continues, however, so that
the negro is compelled to remain almost
entiiely an agriculturist, then it appears
to me that his interest lies on the side of
obtaining his manufactured goods as
cheaply as possible and that be will es
pouse the free-tiade side of the question."
LYNCHINGS AM) THEIR CAUSE.
Day after day the papers have brought
us reports of lynchings, the result of the
unspeakable crime of rape. Some have
been made to believe that this crime is
increahi' g; but wh doubt if this is so.
Perhaps tne number has been greater
than usual these last two months, cer
tainly it has been magn.fiVd as highly as
possible. One of the ex-judges of our
Superior Court has informed us that it
has not been many years since it was
not the custom to print accounts of all
these crimes, and certainly it is a recent
thing to scour the nation every night in
search of one to write up for the morn
ing's news. But the crime is committed ;
and this is enough to make every one
thoughtful. And more so, when we con
sider that it has come to be the one crime
productive of lynching.
Now next to rape etacds lynching in
the list of outrages. For the lyncher is a
nihilist of morals, law and religion. He
does no good; he sows dragon's teeth.
No matter whom he lynches, or for what
crime, we lay this proposition down as
broad as it is long, covering all case-t.
An end must be put to him as well as to
the rapist. Crime has never yet pre
vented crime; and the citizen who pro
fesses to b li ve that it will, ought to go
the way of all criminals. Lynchings will
never prevent i-utrages; but rather tend
to increase them by throwing the friends
of the man lynched into a state of sym
patt y for him; and out of this state of
sympathy for the criminal arises pallia
tion of his crime.
There is but one remedy for rape, and
that is the death penally, speedily exe
cuted. But if it is not speedily executed,
there is no excuse for the lyncher. The
thoughtful citizen realizes that some de
lay is necessary, and that justice de
mands that time be given for passion to
The man or set of men who take it
upon themselves to inflict death, no mat
ter what their motive, commit an out
rageous crime, and do themselves and
their State an irreparable injury. And
the public sentiment that refuses to have
meted out to them the penally they have
incurred, is-base, dangerous, nihilistic.
Let no man say, 44 1 will not trust my
State." That is treason; the writing of
the finger of Anarch. "We must depend
upon the State as the safe-guard of our
rights. Transgress her laws in one par
ticular, and you make way for all trans
gression. Dethrone her, and you pave
the wav for Anarch to rise to sovereignty.
The menace of a government of the peo
ple is always the tendency to minimize
government, the tendency to believe that
government by the people means licenser.
We must resp-ct our government; yea,
Now why have we written these things
to a people who are in no danger of join
ing in a lynching? Because public senti
ment makes lynching possible; because
public sentiment can make it impossible.
We quote the above very timely edito
rial from the Biblical Recorder. We do
it because it fully expresses our own
views on the subject of Ivnching for rape
or for any other cause. We do it because
it upholds the supremacy of the law and
the right of the accused to a fair and im
partial trial before his peers. Whenever
you deny this right to the accused,
though he should confess his guilt, you
sip the foundation upon which our State
and its institutions have been reared; you
imperil the natural and legal right of
pereon and property, eo dear to every
freeman; you take from the citizen his
sovereignly, and reduce him to a condi
tion of serfdom subjpet only to the pas
sions of an irresponsible mob the worst
condition imaginable. Winston Republican.
THE SENATE, SITUATION AND
The vofe on the tariff developed some
interesting facts when analyzed. Reck
oning Senators voiing as they were
paired, sixteen States voted solidly for
Protection, though from Oregon one
Senator, with a Republican majority be
hind him, was excluded, so tnat these
States cast only 31 votes. Three of them,
in which there were 84,624 voters last
November, were carried by fusion with
a plurality of 39,271, while the remaining1
thirteen, in which there were 5.698,908
voters last November, gave Mckinley a
plurality of 1,034,829. Against the tariff
twelve States cast two votes each, of
which the Republicans carried in No
vember only Delaware, with a plurality
of 3,837, while eleven States gave Demo
cra'ic pluralities of 652,052, having in
all 2,588 975 voters. There were thirteen
States divided, giving each one vote in
the Senate for and one against the tariff.
Of these nine were carried by the Repub
licans at the last election by 527.886 plur
ality, and in theie there were in all
4,141,074 voters. The four Stat-s which
were carried by fusion gave 67,961 plur
ality, and had only 559,890 voters. Put
ting the divided States on one side or the
other according to their last votes we
have the following contrast :
States. Pluralities. Total vote.
For Protection 25 1,523,414 K. ,92l,ti05
Against Proct't'n.I6 748,176 D. 3,187,500
The States for Protection cast over
three times as many votes as those
against, and gave for McKinley plurali
ties more thau twice as large as the op
posing States gave for Bryan. But there
remain four States which gave no vote
against the tariff and three for it, both
the Senators from South Dtkot and one
each from Colorado, Nebraska and North
Carolina being absent without pair. Al
though these five States gave 167,176
plurality for Bryan nearly all of it from
Colorado and cast in all 826,555 votes
in November, they cannot be counted
against Protection, because not one of
their Senators voted or was paired on that
side. The plain fact is that as to the
issue of Protection these States are in its
favor, and the five Senators who would
not vote against Protection desire to see
the new tariff adopted in ord--r to put
that i-sue out of the way aud make room
for a contest about silver.
It would have been sorely to the dis
credit of free 'government if five States
having more than three-quarters of the
voters demanded Protection, with popu
lar majorities more than double those in
States opposed it, tut the protective tariff
had nevertheless been defeated. Yet it
might have been if the five absent Sen
ators had voted against it, and three of
the Senators fwin small States which
votrd for Bryan Montana, Nevada and
Wyoming. For 11 Democrat votes wete
cast in the Senate from States which
voted for McKiuley, including cne vote
stolen in New York for Senator Murphy,
one t-tolen in Indiana for Senator Turpie
years ago, and one stclen this year from
Delaaie. while a Republican entitled
to a seat was exclude i from Oregon. It
becomes interesting, then fore, to see
what chances there are of retaining t-eats
for Democrats from Republican States.
It appears that the terms of Me srs.
Gray, of Delaware; White, of California,
Turpie, of Iudiana; Gurmau. of Mary
land; Smith, of New Jert-ey; Murphy, of
New York; Roach, of North Dakota ;
raulkner, of VV est V lrginia, and Mitch
ell, of Wisconsin, all from S'ates which
gave Republican pluralities and mot-t of
them large Republican majorities, will
expire tw o years hence. Tl e only Sena
tors who supported the tariff bill from
the States carried by Bryan, whose terms
then exsire, are Senators Clark, of Wy
oming; Mantle, of Montana, and Stew
art, ot Nevada. There is at leat a greater
prospect of carrying again lor R-publican
candidates the nit. e States that are
now represented by Free Traders than
there is of losing the three States just
mentioned. The nine Republican States
which have Senators whose terms expire
in 1899 namely, five from New England
and one each from Pennsylvania, Ohio,
Michigan and Minnesota should all be
safe, a d the vacant seat from Oregon
should be filled by a Republican.
Ir, is the evident intention of the Demo
crats and their allies to abandon the
tariff issue and make the next fight on
the silver question. But in that event
their chancjs of carrying any Eastern
State, New York, New Jersey, D laware,
Maryland, West Virginia ir Iudiana,
would not be worth coobideiing, and six
Republicans from those States in place
of Democrats, with nine Republicans re
elected from the States reckoned safe,
and thirty-three others holding ov"er,
would give the Republicans a certain
majority, even though they should lose
Moutana, Wyoming and Nevada, and
should not gain the seat from California
nor fill the vacant seat from Oregon.
But it is not in the least certain that,
with the revival of prosperity which the
new tariff should bring, and with a more
healty state of feeling at the West, a
Populist-Democratic alliance could carry
these far Western States. Republican
control of the Senate during the latter
half of President McKinley's term, with
Democrats divided into warring factions
on the money question, should not only
render it impossible to disturb the tariff
for years to come, but should also close
and bar the door against any form of
monetary revolution. Indeed, as to the
latter ifsue.it will soon be found that the
great preponderance of Eastern and
Northern States in the House constitutes
a barrier which can no longer be broken
down, as in former times it was, by the
partisanship of Democrats ready to sup
port anything under the sun for the sake
of success. Support of Bryanism haa
ceased to be a road toward success in dis
tricts electing a strong majority of the
House of Representatives.
It has amused us, and in some instances
moved us to pity, to see the social
changes wrought by politics. The people
remain the people forever and forever ;
but there is no small element of citizens
who believe that there are others besides
the people, and they are classified in the
list of the folks. The folks change, but
they never know it. When the tide
turns against them and they are swept
out of place and position, they soon come
to bear all the marks of a broken-down
aristocracy, but they never l.t you know
they see them. Without a public office
they are wrecks; with one, they are very
gieat and astounding citizens, and every
body respects them. It may be that the
Providence who showed men how to
build ships, who gave men ambition to
know what is beyond; who gave one
courage to try, and led him to success;
who brought forth a wonderful nation
out of the wilderness that one found; it
may be that that Providence also decreed
that we should be often beset with polit
ical changes, notwithstanding their as
perities, in order to save us from an aris
tocracy, in order to maintain a balance
ii a free land of equal opportunity.
Rocky Mount Grits.
Mr. J. J. Cook had quite a severe at
tack last week, but is out at his post of
Miss Alice Blount is visiting friends at
Whitakers, Enfield and other points in
Hon. John C. Dancey passed through
our city lat-t week. He is the very pict
ure of health.
We feel so much interested in the es
tablishment of a good school. We must
again ask our people on ihe Nash side to
work in Union for consolidation of the
two public schools that are in less than a
mile distance of each other. Would it
not be far better to have a fix months
term with a good man principal with
lady assistants, than to have them re
main as they are? Could not the two
sites now owned by the county in Dis
trict nine be sold for enough, (exempting
the present house or one of them) to do
necessary building to the house ia num
ber twelve, eir what is known as Little
Rdeigh? Let us reacOn over the matter
and unite for one common good.
Messrs David Watkins, Jerry Banto,
and Prof. C. W. Battle of Batileboro
managed a very enjoyable ice cream sup
per in their town on the 13ih for thelsan
fit of the Baptist Sabbath School. Misa
Alice R Battle and Miss Hellen Mangum
were elected delegates to the State Sun
day School Convention in September to
represent the Battleboro Sunday School.
Miss Annie Dorden of Wilson is visit
ing Mr. and Mrs. Peter Dorden her un
cle and aunt. Tne Excelsior Band is
preparing to give one of the grandest
musicals in the history of our town. They
have secured the very best talent for the
occasion. The boys earnestly ask our
citizens to come out, the programme will
soon be ut so all can judge for them
telves. Talent from other towns will be
on hand to help the occasion to be a suc
cessful one. W. S. A.
Odd Fellows District Grand Lodge
P. M. N. G., Sister Cora E. Davis, was
then introduced to deliver the welcome
speech iu behalf of Household of Ruth,
No. 154, who spoke as follows:
Most Worshipful Grand Worthy Vice
Officers and Members of Household
one and all we Welcome you.
Having been chosen as the voice of this
branch of the Grand United Order of Odd
Fellows, I fel it quite a privilege as well
as pleasure to welcome you here on the
cccasion that brings us hither, standing
on this sacred spot encompassed by so
great a band of hearty Odd Fedows, em
bued with all that is noble, clad in the
armor that cot.quers even tuought it
smiles, namely, friendship, love and
Emotions of jy rise within me in my
attempt even to welcome you to our
homes, to our hearts. Ilistorj-, as the
Great Maker of events has depicted in
changeless flight the rite and progress of
this society from the vine clad bowers of
sacred Eden to this, the twilight of the
I9ih c niury some in brilliant clusters,
some in deepest glx)m, but none seems
to strike the heart with greater awe and
till the worid with benediction -f pra se,
tnau principles of Odd Fellowship, in
coming to us at a tune when ignorance
was a virtue. when Odd Fellowship arm ng
our people was in its infancy, when pre
judice had lifted her furious energies to
undermine, warp and destroy its hope
among our people. But b ing guided by
a power D.vme, it contained a power that
was cheri-hing its ambrosial fruit and
forming within its narrow folds the rudi
ments which to-day have grown with its
work and strength, with its strength,
until its majestic arms belt all Christen
dom; and upon her ips is the benediction
of praise, and by it hall the world live
no longer. Is Odd fellowship localized,
lor the cloud that ofce no larger than a
man's hand has spread and spread un
til to day her voice is heard to exclaim,
in songs of praise, in words tiue and
plain: England marks her lustre, sleal
ii g, shimmering, great land loves its rans.
Africa, midst i.er deserts kneeling, lifts
her untangled strain of praise. Again
we welcome you, thrice welcome yes,
thrice welcome, because of the princi
ples which you have espoused.
Because of ye ur influence, your actions
in this becjmmg an tvangel in changing
men, in lifting men to the skies. Iu a
word, so to 8jeak, the cauee which you
have espoused is indeed a sacred one, hs
steam to the engine, as air t the phvst
cal man, so the principles of Odd Fellow
ship to the spiritual, moral, political and
mental cotdition of man destroy them,
and you crush in the bud a power Di
vine, unnerves man for the conflict of
lh, shuts down the gate to everything
that is worthy and brings only misery
Go with me to that home where penury
sat supreme, now plentitude and happi
ness the home once gloom and despond
ent made by the angel of death; bat look
ing in the distance, we behold a sister or
brother like an evangle they command
gloom, horror-stricken, ghastly death to
go back into her country cavity, and light
and hope become ever and anon their
obedient, common servant. Enter the
home of the wayworn and disconsolate
and plant the white lilly of contentment
We welcome you to our homes and to
our families, to our associates, to our
hearts, to all we hold dear dear in
thought, dear in sentiments, dear in all
the true elements, that makes us truly
one with one object, with one aim, with
The D. G. Master then called on P. N.
F. G. T. Foster, of Oxford, N. C, to re
spond in behalf cf the D. G. Lodge to the
welcome addresses, which he did. His
speech was full of witty and timely re
After which the Chairman of the Com
mittee of Arrangements presented the
D. G. Master the keys of the hall.
"We are hearty Odd Fellows," was
sung, and the D. G. Lodge marched to
the upper chamber where the secret ses
sion was held.
At night a grand banquet was given to
the visiting delegates by the sisters of the
Household of Ruth. Toast was given by
P. M. N. G. Sister Eliza Allen. After
which speeches were made by P. N. F.
G. T. Foster, of Oxford; M. V. P. J. H.
Johnson, of Charlotte; A. Webb, of Hills
boro; James H. Young, of Raleigh, and
S. H. Vick, of Wilson, N. C.
Bishop C. C. Petty wap then called on
and made one of tne best speeches we
have ever beard him make. He spoke
relative to the work the Order was doing
and said that the Odd Fellows were do
ing more on a charitable line than any
other institution in this country.
After his speech the delegates and
friends were invited to the lower hall to
partake of the good things prepared by
the Sistei s of Ruth.
SECOND DAY'S SESSION.
The pecond day's session opened at 9.30
a. m.; M. V. P. S. H. Vick presiding.
Most of the business done was the read
ing cf the D G. M.'s address, reports of
D. G. Secretary and D. G. Treasurer, and
reference to committees on the same.
The Grand Secretary of .America, Chas.
H. Brooks, LL. D., ot Philadelphia, Pa ,
having arrived in the city, was escorted
to the D. G. Lodge by the following com
mittee M. V. P.'b: E. M. Green, C. L. S.
A. Taylor, James H. Young, and pre
sented to the D. G. Lodge by M. V. P.
W. W. Lawrence, chairman of the Com
mittee of Arrangements, and received
with Grand Honors. Bro. Brooks spoke
in glowing terms of the kind manner re
ceived, closing with complimentary re
marks to the local Lodge of the appear
ance of their ball and Lodge room and
its furniture, and said it was arranged in
strict compliance with the general law,
and that he had visited no Lodge that
was better arranged.
Ry request, at 7 i. ro., Bro. Brooks ex
emplified theri udia icwo k. Afterwhich
the D. G. Ledge marched in a body over
to the Fair Grounds to attend the levee
given by the Lodge.
THIRD DAY'S SESSION; "
The third day's session was called to
order at 9 30 a. m. by D. G. Master S. H.
Vick. Minutes of the previous session
was approved. Reports of Committees
on Appeals, Widows and Orphans, In
surance, etc., were read and adopted.
The D. G. Lodge then adjourned to
reassemble at 4 p. m. to participate in
Promptly at the hour mentioned the
seveial Lodges, P. G. M. Councils, House
holds and Patriarchs formed in proces
sion and marched over the j rirxipal
streets, and then went to the Fair Grounds
where the following programme wascarj
1. Music bv the Order.
2. Prayer by Bishop C. C. Pettv.
3. Int.-oductorv remarks by Master of
Ceremonies, M. V. P. W. W. Lawrence.
4. Address by M. V. P. Charles II.
5. Solo by N. G. Sister Mary E. Newby.
At night the Odd Fellows March and
Patriarchal Drill was held in tne Tobacco
Warehouse, the use of which was donated
by the white citizens.
FOURTH DAY'S SESSION
The fourth day's session was called to
order by the D. G. Mister.
The report of the Auditing Committee
was read and adopted.
Hillsboro, N. C., was selected as the
place of next meeting.
The election resulted in the following
officers being chosen:
D. G. M., S. U. Vick, of Wilson, N. C.
D. D. G. M., C. L. S. A. Taylor, of
Charlo te, N. C.
D. G. ec., John S. Howe, of Wilming
ton. N. C.
D. G. Treas., Maurice WattB, of Raleigh,
D G. Director, E. M. Green, of Wil
mington, N. C.
Otficers of Endowment Department:
Secretary G.T. Foster, of Oxford, N. C.
Treasurer L. W, Moore, of Winston,
Directors W. W. Lawrence, of New
Berne, N. C: J. F. K. Simpson, of Fay
etteville, N. C; A. R. Moore, of Durham,
The above officers were then installed
by Grand Secretary Charles II. Brooks.
D. G. Lxlge, No. 7, then adjourned
W. W. Lawrence.
Eastern Snap Shots.
The Institute for c Aore d teachers was
quite a uuccess. Pr f. R. M. Davis cov
eretl himself with gliry in his manner of
conducting it. Profs. FoUst, of G lda
boro, and Mangum, of Wilson, did much
to add to the interest manifested by the
teachers. They each handled their eub
jec's with the granp of master minds.
The Gazette's genial A. J. Rogers was
in the 4boro" one day last week. In him
,he Gazette has a hustling lepres.nta
tive. Most of the teachers were in attendance
at the Institute.
Hon. G' o. H. White and family left
for New Berne Monday. They will take
in ti e fair.
We noticed in last week's Wilmineton
Record an article haded "Mistaken Pol
icy," in which the editjr takes the Bap
tist Association of Wake C'oun'y to task
for 1 assing reso'utions agairstthe crime
for which many of our race are lynched.
Tne criticism seems to 1 e upon the pass
ing of resolutions against negro rapists.
Tne Record thii.ks that the resolutions
should apply to all rncis, fcrgetiing that
it is a neyro Association, ft 11 1 as such is
mott coi cerned about the negro. The
question is rot p.s to whether o her races
commit this crime or not, but does the
negro cemniit it, and if he doe's the ad
vanced Christian's thought of his race is
against it; that is what thee resolutions
say to us, a d we think that is what they
meant to say to all. A' d the passu g of
puch resolutions by negroes proves that
they are not a race of crinrnuls. Crim
inals do not pass resolutions against
themselves. Be careful young men, ere
v ou cruicise the sagesof your race. That
B.ptist Association knew what it waa
d irg and is prepared to defend its course.
And tl e writer is nut a Baptist, but a
L cal taxation would have prevailed in
a: least two towhships in the county if
the polls had been opened. Much credit
is due Hon. Geo. II. White f r the tc ive
part he took in the recent campaign for
th children of the State. He spoke in
the counties of Bertie, Norths mptem and
Edgecombe. Also the Rev. M. D. Ma' hew
son, S -nator Person and Representative
E. E. Bryan did all tney could for the
measure. These are the only leading men
in these parts who took any interest in
J hn C. Dancey, Esq., spent a night, in
th 'iMr visiting relatives last week.
)-. R II. Speight and Dr. Mercer are
again in training for the Democratic
norn na ion for Congress from thisdis
tiict. Is is said that Mercer would com
mand Populist support White will win
our the' Cabal notwithstanding.
M ss Louisa E. Bridgets ia of yore a
strong lor. e in this county. She cannot
fail to succeed for the reason she is true
to th s- who are her friends.
Ttact ers' salaries are on the decline in
Edgecotnoe. Yes, but this is good gov
ernment. Miss Alice Battle, of Battleboro, spent
several d i s here attending the Institute.
Miss C M. Lewis and Mrs. Eppes have
been on the sick list.
The Porfei" brothers deserve credit
for their 1 fforts iu behalf of local taxa
tion. Esse Quam Videri.
Turboro and Eastern Snap-Shots.
Sister Mildieei Bryan, whose serious
illness we chronicled in our last, has
since died. In her death, the Methodist
church and this community lo6es one of
the oldest hs well as their most useful
citizens. She livt d to the tipe old age t f
eighty-8'X yers, and died lull of years
and goc d woi ks Peace to her ashes.
We are pan ed to chronicle the death
of our dear little nephew, Cassius Albertus
Austin, wh ch sad event occurred at the
residence of his grandfather, Rev. Henry
Epps, in ilw city of Wilmington, a few
days sine . Christ siid, 44 Suffer them to
Come unto ilim."
Teachers' Institute is in session at this
writing. Prof. D v s will be assisted by
some of the leading educators of the
Last Tuesdi) 's e h ction showed conclu
sively where tne masses stand as to a
belter school syst-ru. We can see why
property h lders failed to vote for in
creased taxation, but we must confess
that we can't see wnyapoor man, with
a house lud of ignorant children votes
against it. ' Father, forgive them for
they know nt whar they oo."
Miss The do-ia Home, who has been
spending some time in the 44 Bjro," the
guest of the popular, Miss Newton, re
turned to her ijome in Rocky Mount last
Saturday, to the regret of her many
friends here. Mr. Sp.cer, did you cry ! .
Miss Georgie Pugh, ot Windsor, spent
a few days in the "Boro" last week. Sh
is visiting Miss Georgie Bryan, near Law- J
rence, in this county.
Prof. CVG. O'Kelly, of Kittrrll. is in
th8 county, the guest of Mr. Paris Bryan.
It is an actual fact that all the commit
teemen in tbe county have been instruct
ed to cut teachers' salaries, and one teach
er, holding a first grade certificate, told
by a committeeman that his instructions
were, that in cases wh-re there were only
a few advanced scholars, not to pay m re
than twenty dollars, even though the
teacher had a first grade certificate.
Whither are drifting?
Miss Clay Pool Dudley, of Greenville,
is here on a visit to her sister, Mrs. Alfred
The country waa shocked to learn of
the death of Bishop Embry, which sad
event occurred at his home in Philadel
phia one day last week. Truly a great
man has fallen in Israel.
44 He that sowtth wind reapeth the
whirlwiod." The greatest of all cowards
is the moral coward. The man w ho know s
that public Rf ntiment is wrong yet has
not tbe moral courage to say so, lecauHe
the masses are against him. In nine
cases out of ten the masses are wrong.
Man cannot cover what God would re
veal." If God has appointed a work unto
one of his creatures, you may cut off his
feet and put out both his eyes, but GkI
will make that footless, sightless being
do work that you with all your members
When you take the ohovel from the
man, remember you didn't take tne man.
You find some men will not down at your
4 Laugh, and the world laughs with you;
Weep, and you weep alor e;
For the sad old earth must borrow its
But has troubles enough rf its own."
Esse Quam Vidkri.
The first pix months of the McKinley
administration is in marked contrast with
the corresponding period of the Cleveland
administration. Then batiks were tum
bling, business houses were pu:t ng up
their shutters, manufactories closing,
farm prices falling, railroads going into
the hands of receivers, men were idle
everywhere, and sttiks and riots were
the order of the day. Now the railroads
cannot furnish cars enough to move the
crops, the prices are good, and the farm
ers htiDting for more help, mills and fac
tories are reopening, banks are complain
ing only of a plethora of ready moi.ey,
and general activity and cheerfulness aie
Having qualified as Executor of Nany
Ford, deceased, with her will ann-xea,
notice is hereby given to all ersons in
debted to the deceased to come forward
and pay the same at oice, and ull persons
having claims against the property of
tleceasr d to present the same to me on or
before the 15th of July, 198, otherwise
said claims will be plead in bar of their
recovery. LEWIS B EMERY,
Eiecutorof Naucy Foid.
August 14 4c.
ILMINUTUN AND WKI.HON KAIL
ROAD AND BltANCHES.
AND FLORENCE II A I LRU A D.
TRAINS eOIN .soUTrl.
Au 1, ISH7.
A a M Pa M t
A. M. 1. M.
Leave Weldn... 11 5 9 si i .
Ar.Kocky Mount, 12 52, 10 ;i5 .
J 7 CI 3 10
8 5 4 lb
9 :o 5 45
A. M.'f. M
'I'KAl.Vs t.OINO NORTH.
Lv. Florence 8 4i
Lv. Fayelteville. II an
Leave Selma 1 00!
Arrive Wilson....! 1 42,
A r. Rocky Mount
Lv.Rocky Mount 2 $
Arrive W eldon... 3 S
I P. M
tDaily except Monday. Daily except Sun
day. Train on tbe Scotland Neck Branch Road
leaves Weldon at 4:10 p. nr., Halifax 4:i8p. in.;
arrive Scotland Neck at 5:20 p. m., Greenville
8:57 p. m., Ktnslon 7:55 p. m. Returning,
leaves Kl union 7:50a. ra Greenville 8:52 a. ni.;
arriving Halifax at 11:18 a. m., Weldon 11:
a. m., dally except Sunday.
Trains on WblngUu Branch leave Wash
ington 8:20 a. m. aud iHtop 111., arrive 1'armele
:10 a. ra. and 2:10 p. m., icturniog leave Far
mele l:35a. in. and 0:JS0 p. m., arrive Wash
ington U:t0 a. ra. aud 7:20 p. ru., dally except
Train leaves Tarboro, N. C, dally except
Sunday, 6.-30 p. m.; Sunday, 4:(i5 p. m ; arrive"
Plymouth at 7:40 p. in. Returning, leaves
Plymouth daily except Sunday, 7:.i0 a. ra.,
Sunday :00 a. ra., arrives Tarboro 10:05 a. m.,
11:00 a. m.
1'rain on Midland, N. C, Branch leaves
Goldsboro daily, except Sunday, at 7:10 a. m.;
arriving Sraithaeld at 8:30 a.m. Returning.
leavesSQiitbapldalU:O0H.m.; arrive at Golds
boro at 10:25 a. m.
Trains on Nashville Branch leaves Rocky
Mount at 4:30 p. ra.; arrives Nawhvllle at 5:06
p. m.. Spring Hope 5:30 p. m. Returning,
leaves Sprlug Hope at 8:00 a. m., Nashville
8:35 a. m.; arrive at Rocky Mount at:05 a. m.
daily, except Sunday.
Train on Clinton Branch leaves Warsaw for
Clluton dally, except Sunday, at 8:20 a. ra.
and 4:10 p.m. RturnlDg, leaves Clluton at
7:00 a. m. and 9:50 p. m.
Train No. 78 makes cloHe connection at Wel
don for all points North dally, all rail via.
Richmond, also at Rocky Mount with Nor
folk and Carolina Railroad lor Norfolk, and
all points North via Norfolk.
H. M. EMERSON, Gen'l Pass. Agent.
J. R. KENLY, .
T. M. EMERSON,
NORFOLK & CAROLINA RAILROAD.
Dated Aug. 1. 1897.
e'j? ! - &
, Ax Ax 'Ad
7.2 1 ' li'Tu '.'"'1'.
I P. M. A. M.
aa .... 7 li W
8 .V 10 .71
.... . . ...... It) 10 11 5ft
P. M. A. M. P. M. P. M
1 42 12 15! 11 a- 12 4.1
'I 12 &ij II 57 I a
12 12 .MM..j...MM.. 1....
I ........ 12 &M ..I .......
. I 1 4j 1 ,
I I V. M . M
No. No. No. No.
tl03 49 (STATIONS. ,4(J tl(W
P. M. A. M. P. M A. M.
2ai 8 40 Lv. Norfolk A r. 6 05 10 3flT
2 40 9 00 Pinners' Point 6 40 10 15
3 03 9 24 Drivers 6 13 9 44
3 21 9 45 Suffolk 5 00 9 25
4 05 10 17 Gates 4 33 8 44
4 28 10 So Tunis 4 15 8 23
4 4 10 bH AhoHkey 8 68 8 04
6 00 11 13 Aulander 3 44 7 48
5 40 II 60 Hobgood 3 08 7 08
6 01 12 12 Ar. Tarboro Le. 2 50 6 45
35 12 42 .Rocky Mount. 1 25 6 15
P. M. P. M. P. M. A. M.
t Dally, except Sunday.
Trains Nos. 49 and 48 solid trains between
Plnuers' Point and Wilmington. Train No.
49 connects at Rocky Mount with train 23 for
all points South and No. 78 train for all points
G. M. BERPELL, J. R. KENLY,
GenU Manager. Hup't Trans.
T. M. EMERSON,
Oen'l Pvuitnyrr Agent,
WILMINGTON. NEW ORLEANS.
NEW YORK, BOSTON, PHILADELPHIA,
HCHKDL'LK IN EKFKrT FKH. 7, 18!I7.
No. 4!3. I No. 4i
Lv New York, via Pa. R.R.
" Baltimore, "
" Washington, "
" Richmond, via A. C. L.
tv Norfolk, via 8. A. L..
" PortHinoulh, ' .
Lv Weldon, via S. A. I.
Ar Henderwoti, " ....
Ar Durham, vlaS. A. L
Lv 1 mrliKin. "
ArlufiMK h ,Tiii s7 ATL.-
Southeru Pine, " .
" Hamlet, " .
' Waiiecboro, ..
" Monro, .
Ajr C li h rl ot te, v ia sTa . I V. I
AT Cbt'M er, V ih n. A
I.v C'olumtou.C N.A L.R.R.
Ar t hnUMi, via s. A. L .
' Greenwood, " ..
" Athens, "
' Wtuder, "
" Atlanta, (Central Time)
II (XI Hill
1 12 inn
3 15 "
4 40 "
8 50 "
8 15 (nil
i l 2 pin
t 7 32 tin
t 5 20 m
Mui t .tl
4 1 "
l 0 i "
y m ui.i
li 5 Kin
i ;i!i pin
1 4 (lit .ni
t i l ill urn
' -.I i 1 1 1
i 5.1 "
li .hi "
8 11 "
10 2 i pm
J0 47 pi i
t ! I'll
I III kll i
1 40 "
3 45 '
4 30 "
2 HI am
4 22 "
5 10 "
8 IO am
'' M l l tilii
12 07 pin
1 l.i "
1 5'.i "
2 50 "
" Winder, via s. A. L
" Kl(eriou, .
" Greenwood, " ....
" Union, "
A r i ?a i il u tii bifj.N7v IV. 1 1 1 1.
j.vi lnfU r, " s. A. li , ...
Areiiai lotto, v l.i s7aTlJI
Lv Monroe, via S. A. L.
Ar Wilmington, "
Lv Southern Pines, "
" Raleigh, '
Ar HeiiilciMon, ' ....
No. 402. 1 No. ;sx.
" I 11
' !' I
. " i 1
Kill f 4
" ' i
3.i a in
iJ It .1
! 8 13
! M -.0
I II 23
;J 5 30
f 7 32
Ar Durham, viaN. A.L
Ar vv eruouvia s. AT LT..
" Richmond . .
" WaHhiug'n, via Pa. ICR.
Ball I more,
NV wYork ,
Ar i'oriMiiouih, v iaftfAJU
Dally. fDully Ex.Sund y. Jl tally Ex. Mon'y
Nos. 403 and 402, "The Atlanta Sieclal," moI
Id Vestiouled Train of Pullman Meepem hihI
(JoacheH between W aldington and Atlanta,
hIho I'uhmaii Sleejtern beiwei u Portsmouth
and CheKier, S. C.
Non.41 and 38, "The S. A. L. Express." Solid
Train, Couches and Pullman Sleepers let ween
Portsmouth and Atlanta. Company MeejH is
between 1'oiuinL.lii and Atlanta.
Both trains make luimeiilale connection lit
Atlanta for .Montgomery, Mobile, New irli ans,
Texas, California, .Mexico, Chat lanooKH, Nash
ville, Memphis, .Maron, Honda.
JKor tickets, sl.-t M i and Inlui niatlon, apply
to Ticket Agents, or to
H. S. LEAKD, Sol. Pus. Agt.,
Raleigh, N. C.
E. ST. JOHN, Vlee-Pres. and Gen. Man.
V. E. Mi BEE, Gen. Sii rlnteinieiJt.
H. W. It. UI.OYER, Tialtlc Malinger.
T. J. ANDERSON, Gen. Pass. Agent,
General Olllces: PORTSMOUTH, VA.
In Ei-k kit Jtnk 14. isim.
TRAINS LEAVE RALEIGH DAILY.
"NOKKoLK AMI CHATTANOOUA MM ITKIl."
4:12 I. M. Daily Solid vestlbuled train with
sleeper from Not tola to Chattaiiisiua v In. Mil
Isoury, .MorganUm. Ashuville, Hot Springs
Connect al Durham for Oxford, Clarksxllle
aud Keysville, except Midday, At Greens,
lairowith the Washington and Mnilhwi'Mein
Vest I ou led i Limited; I rain for all hiIiis North
and with main Hue Haiti, No. 12, for Danville,
Richmond and liitermeilinle local sUitlons;
also has conned ion for Wliisioii-Halem and
wiili main line lialu No. ;15, " l ulled Males
Fast Mail," for Charlotte, Spiirhiiihuig, Green
ville, Atlanta aud all i-oniis Mouth; also Co
lumbia, Augusta, Charleston, Savannah, Jack
sonville ana ull s.lnts in Eloililu. Meeplliu
Car for Allan La, Jacksonville, and at Chariot le
with Sleipmg i ar for Augusta.
"NOKKOI.K ASIi (it ATTANOOII A UMIII l."
11:45 A. M. DAILY Solid train, censlstlng
of Pullman Sleeping Cars and roaches I mm
Chattanooga to Norfolk, arriving Norfolk
5:00 l. M. in time to connect witli the old
Dominion, Merchants' and Miners', Norfolk
and Wasulngton and Baltimore, Chessak
and Rictimoiid S. S. Comjiaiiles for all points
north aud east.
Connects at Seltna for KHj ettcvilk' and In
termcdiute stations on the Wilson and l ay
etteville Short Cut, dally, except Sunday, lor
Newberu and Moieliead City, dally for Golds
boro, Wilmington and Intel mediate stations
ou the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad.
8: 50 A. M. Daily Coiiih-cis at Durham for
Oxtord, Keysville, Richmond; at Greensboro
for Washington and all jKilnts North.
KXI'MKHM IK A IN.
3.011 1. M. Daily Eor Goldsboro and Inter
2:00 A. M. Connects at Greenstioro for nil
points for North and South and Winston
Salcm and points on the Northwestern North
Carolina Railroad, AtSallsbury for all slnts
in Western North Carolina. Knoxvllle, Ten
nessee, Cincinnati and Western oints; at
Charlotte lor Spartanburg, Greenville. Athens,
Atlanta and ail jsjilIs Soul li.
TRAINS ARRIVE AT RALEIGH, N. ('.
KXI'KKHS Tit A IN.
3:05 p. m. Daily Emm Atlanta, Charlotte,
Greensboro aud all jsjlnls South.
NORFOLK AND CIIATTANOOOA LIMITKI.
4:12 i. M. Daily From all s.l tits east, Nor
folk, Tarboro, Wilson and water lines.
From Goldsboro. Wilmington, Fayelteville
and all ihjiiiU in Eastern Carolina.
NOKKOLK AND Cll ATTA Nih.m i A LIMIT! I.
11:40 A. m. Daily-From New York, Wash
ington, Lynchburg, Danville and Greensboro.
Chattanooga, Knoxvllle, Hot Springs and
KXI'KI;SS TH A I N.
8:50 A. m. Daily From Goldsboro und In
7:20 A. m. Daily From Greensboro and alt
polnl North and South. Sleeping Car from
GreenslKiro to Raleigh.
0:00 v. m. Daily, except Sunday, from Golds
boro aud all tsilnts l-4isl.
JiOeal freight trains also carry passengers.
Pullman cars ou night train Irom Raleigh
Through Pullman Vestlbuled Drawing
Room Bullet sleeping Car and Vestlhule-i
noHches without change on Norfolk Limited.
Double daily trains between Raleigh. Char
lotte and Atlanta.. tuiek time; unexcelled
accommodation. W. H. GREEN,
General Passenger Agent,
Washington, 1. C.
J. M. CULP, Tratlic Mauager.
ATLANTIC AND NORTH CAROLINA
RAILROAD TIME TABLE.
In Errr.cT Sunday, Novkmrrk 18, w.h.
GOING EAST. GOING WEsT.
p. M. p. m.
4 25 4 SO i
6 50 5 68
7 28 7 33
y. m p. m.
Train 4 connect with Wilmington & Wei
den train bound North, leaving Goldsboro a'
11:35 a. m., and with Richmond and Danvlll
train West, leaving Goldsboro at 2 p. m., hii.i
with Wilmington, Newbern and Norlolk M
Newbern for Wilmington and Intermediate
Train 8 connect with Richmond and Dan
ville trHln, arriving at Goldsboro 8 p. m nr.,.
No. 1 train also connect, with "Wilmington
E2n.dJ50Ifolk ior WllmlnKtAu and
Intermediate polnU. H. L. DILL.