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0 / 75
THE WEEKLY GAZETTE.
A WEEKLY NEWSrAPEB
jAMS H. YOUNG. Editor and Prop.
A, J. ROGERS and J. D. PAIR
General Traveling Agents.
WEEKLY GAZETTE S
tes of Advertising. ,
One ftquarn, one Insertion i W
un square, one month 1 oo
One square, two months........ 3 00
une square, three months a w
One square, six montba.. 6 00
Onepquare. one year 9 00
WLiboral uontracU made for larger
RALEIGH. N. 0.. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1897-
JL. 11 It .1 A
Millions of Bushels of Wheat,
Rye and Potatoes.
SHOULD ANYTHING LIKE THE
Figures Be Realized, More Than One
Hall' of All the Farm Mortgages In
llicU. S. Can lie Paid Off.
European advices to the American
griculturist show a shortage this year
'ti the Euroreau crops, as compared
vith average crops as follows: "Wheat,
;H,000,000 bushels; rye, 323,000,000
'mshels; potatoes, 1,000,000,000 bush
Ms. The heaviest shortage in rye is in th
rountries of the largest production
Ku.-hia, Germany, Austria and France.
In these countries, also, is the heaviest
:ltvlmo in potatoes. The seriousness
:f the situation is emphasized
treru the fact that rye, far more than
heat, is depended upon as a bread-
tutf by the European masses. No part
A the world, apparently, has a consid
erable surplus of cereals, except the
United States and Canada.
The potato crop in these countries is
found by the American Agriculturist to
le about 2 per cent. le3S than last year
md may be still smaller. The United
States has no potatoes for export, but if
I rices go high enough the United States
ran spare 240, 000, 000 bushels of -wheat,
'I0.U(H),UU0 bushek of corn, 100,000,000
ushels of oats and 10.000.000 bushels
if rye -a total of OHO, 000, 000 bushels.
1 nis will be the biggest export ever
i iade of Americau grain. It is just
'ibout enough to offset Europe's needs
fo i wheat and rye. but where is she to
t'md a substitute for her enormous
"liortase in potatoes? Must she not
take every bushel of foodstuffs that
America can snare?
In the twelve months ended on June
'''). ISO:.', following Europe's short crops
cf 1801, the foreigners bought from the
United States Hour and wheat amount
ing to 225,000,000 bushels, at an aver
flze export price above 1 a bushel; of
corn, 177,000,000 bushels, at an average
value ot over i5 cents a bushel; of rye,
more than 12.000.000 bushels, at an
average of 0r cents a bushel.
The Amel-cn Agriculturist thinks
the foreigners must expect to pay these
prices this year, as the export supplies
in other couutries that were available
in 1801 are exhausted now. It even
locks to a possibility of S3 wheat.
A canvas of the farmers in the centres
ri commercial production has shown
(bat the farmers are very firm holders.
They think that they control the sit
uation and saj- they want to net at theii
local shipping stntions for wheat, rye
and potatoes,:? I a bushel ;corn 80 cents;
oats '?" cent?; hay $12 and $15; cotton
Ofind 10 cents; tobacco, .00 to 150 per
cent, above last year's sales.
Should anything like the above fig
ures be realized, more than half of all
tlio mortgages on all the farms in the
I nited States can be paid off this year
I N C R E A SE OF EXPORTS
At Southern Ports, While Those ol
New Vork Fall Oft.
I h forthcoming annual report of the
rureaujf statistics will show the per
rtuges of the aggregate exports of the
Eaited States for the fiscal year ending
inns 30, 1807, at 70 of the principal cus
toms rort. It is shown that the exports
fiotn the port of New York have fallen
from 4. 32 per cent, of the whole in 1805
o7. 2 in 1807. Uoston's exports were
'. 11 per cent, in 1800 and 9.60 in 1807.
!sv Orleans has made a gain from 8.47
per cent, in 1803 to 0.60 in 1807. Balti
more also increased her exports from
". 52 per cent, in 180G to 8. 15 per cent.
1 a -1 year. This increase is said to be
due to the large increase of the ship
ment of corn. The exports from Phila-
A hia increased from 7.52 per cent, in
Is. 'ti to 8. 15 per cent, last year. This
increase is said to be due to the recent
exceptionally large shipments of wheat.
Theie was also an increase at San Fran
cisco from 2.70 in 1804 to 3.77 in 1807.
Jalveston, Texas, increased from
4.12 per cent in 1800 to 5.54 last year
an I Newport New s, Virginia, from 1.68
in 180t; to 2. 10 last year. Puget Sound,
W ashington, increased from 0.78 per
rent in 1800 to 1.13 in 1807. Norfolk
an I Portsmouth, Va. , increased from
. ? in 1800 to 1.77 last year. Chicago
increased from 0. 15 per cent, in 1896 to
o.22 per cent, last year.
Fa the matter of imports New York
thews a falling off from 04. 12 per cent.
ol the whole imports of the United
States in 1800 to 62.80 in 1807. Boston
shows an increase from 10.16 to 11.80
per cent. New Orleans increased from
1.74 to 2.17. Baltimore fell off from
1.73 to 1.40. Philadelphia increased
from 5. 62 to 6.20. San Francisco fell
off from 5.41 to 4.50. Chicago fell off
from 1.90 to 1.51 per cent.
THE NEXT ENCAMPMENT
Of t he Grand Army of the Republic to
be Held in Cincinnati.
The Grand Army of the Bepublic, in
Fusion at Buffalo, N.Y., last week, was
one of the greatest of recent years. The
reports presented showed that-more than
seven thousand members have died
within the year just closed. Pensions,
p.i'noitc institutions and the public
K bools received particular attention in
the commander s address.
The selection of the next place of
Tueeting resulted on the first ballot 520
for Cincinnati and 214 for San Fran
Cisco, in 1808.
'. i . . tiobin.ot ijebanon, 1 a., was
The Situation in Uruguay.
in ii i i .
ineiasr maii au vices received here
horn Uruguay showed that a reign of
terror existed. Three lieutenant colon
,1.. . . . .
six majors, ten captains and many
less-er officers had been cashiered "for
complicity in the revolutionary move
rnent. (Jenerals Vasques and Tajes,
n COln lnfind nf tlio ermfliorn frnntior
resigned. The Montevideo papers.
' -JU reierriug to the military dismissals
and resignations, state that the govern
ment censorship prevented the signifi
cauce ol these acts from being known.
SOUTHERN BULL OPERATIVES.
Cotton Mill Operatives May Organize
if an Attempt is Blade to Employ
A special from Charlotte. N. C. , to
the New York Evening Post says: Or
ganization among the cotton mill ope
ratives in the South, often vainly urged
by emissaries from labor unions in the
North, may follow as the result of the
attempt of a few mill owners to employ
negroes, it is necessary in self-protec-
lon, some of the operatives say. and
they add that an effort -will be made to
organize a union wherever there is a
cotton mill, to which unions colored
people will not be admitted. In At
lanta, where a weak union was thought
to have been potent in preventing the
employment of negro women in a cotton
mill, the membership has doubled since
the incident. It is also announced that
the mill operatives will ask for legisla
tive action against the employment of
children and fixing the limit of a day's
If the efforts at organization succeed.
relations very different from the amica
ble ones of the past may prevail be
tween employers and employes, and the
Southern cotton manufacturers may
lose the advantage they have enjoyed in
freedom from labor troubles.
SAVANNA1I TO BE FREE PORT.
There Will Be No More Quarantine
Savannah, Ga., will be a free port
before the cotton season fairly starts.
All quarantine charges will be removed
and the commerce of the world will be
invited to come into that harbor with
out paying anything for the attention
given it at quarantine.
A majority of the members of the
board of Aldermen favor doing away
with all quarantine charges for vessels
They believe the way to increase Sa
vannah's commercial business is to let
the ships come there at as low cost to
owners as possible, and acting upon
this belief they have decided practical
ly that all charges for fumigating, in
specting and cleaning ships shall be
SOUTHERN IsTa.E FAIRS.
Secretary Wilson is Expected to Visit
Them This Fall.
Many invitations addressed to Secre
tary Wilson to visit State and county
fairs during the approaching autumn
are being received at the agricultural
department in Washington, a large
number of them being from the South
ern States. The invitations from this
section express a desire to have th
secretary inspect the agricultural con
ditions and to have the benefit of his
advice as a practical farmer after such
nspection. It is known that he ex
pects to go to Nashville during the fall,
and it is considered probable that he
may to time his visitthere as to take in
some of the fairs in
tah Sends a Delegation to Work
Alabama, Georgia and Carolina.
A special from Chattanooga, Tenn.,
of the 24th. says twenty-four Mormon
elders arrived from Utah today and
registered at headquarters in this
They are to be distributed at once
throughout Alabama, G eorgia and South
Carolina. There have been more than
200 of these elders sent here this year
They say that they are being received
with better grace than they used to bo
and that the faith is growing in the ter
Strenglh of Our Army.
According to officers of the war de
partment, the present enlisted strength
of the army is now nearly up to the
full number allowed by law and can
be easily maintained without any un
usual activity on the part of the re
cruiting officers, lho material mow
secured is of a higher standard than
the army has ever had, and owing to
the regulations designed for the com
fort and happiness of enlisted men, the
department predicts that this year will
show fewer desertions than for some
Boom for the Blind.
Superintendent John Eussell Young
has decided to introduce into the new
congressional library at Washington a
department for the blind. The library
already contains a large number of vol
umes in blind letters, and it . is Mr.
Young's intention to make a complete
collection of raised letter books. A
reading room will be set aside for this
department, which will be the first of
its kind in this country.
George Will Not Build.
The Abbeville (N. C.) Citizen has re
ceived a letter from Charles McNamee,
with George Vanderbilt at Vaubeck,
Germany, denying the recently widely
published 6tory to the effect that Mr.
Vanderbilt intended to build a $100,000
hospital in Asheyille. Mr. McNamee
says the story nas no iouuuhuou iu
Father's Terrible Vengeance.
In Talbot county, Ga., E. E. Low
was discovered by C. E. Womble in a
compromising position with his daugh
ter. Womble fired on Low, but missed.
Low ran, but Womble pursued, and
coming upon him beat his brains out
with a stone, killing him instantly. He
then went to the police headquarters
and surrendered. Both men were
Bryan to be at Nashville.
At the request of Gov. Silas H. Hol
comb, of Nebraska, and the Tennessee
Centennial Commissioners of that
State, Oct. 8 has been set apart as Ne
braska Day at the Centennial. Hon.
William Jennings Bryan has promised
to be in the party of Nebraskans who
will attend the Exposition on this occa
sion. Killed by a Folding Bed.
Al. Hankius, a widely known sporting
man of Chicago, was killed by the col'
iopso of ft foldinsr bed.
I FROZEN mi FIELDS.
0m Hundred Interesting Facts
GOLD IS FINE ENOUGH TO FLOAT
ft is as Large as All the States East of
the Mislssippl and North of the Ohio,
Including Virginia and W. Virginia.
The following interesting facts about
the new gold fields in Alaska are taken
from the Chicago (111. ) Times-Herald,
and we submit them as conveying more
in a nutshell than any other article we
have as yet seen:
Alaska is two and one-half times as
large as Texas.
It is eight times as large as all of New
It is as large as the South including
It is as large as all the States east of i
north of the I
irginia ana west !
It makes San Francisco
east of our
Its coast line is 20,000 miles.
It has the highest mountain in North
It has the only forest-covered glacier
in the world.
The Treadwell is one of its greatest
It has the best yellow cedar in the
It has the greatest seal fisheries.
It has the greatest salmon fisheries.
It has cod banks that beatNewfound-
It has the largest river in the world.
A man standing on a bank of the Yu
kon 150 miles from its mouth cannot see
the other bank.
The Yukon is twenty miles wide 700
miles from its mouth.
With its tributaries it is navigable
It is larger than the .Danube.
It is larger than the La Plata.
It is larger than the Orinoco.
It discharges one-third more water
than the Mississippi.
The water is fresh fifteen miles
It has more gold in its basin than any
Its color is beautifully blue to its
junction with the White river, 1,100
miles above its mouth.
Alaska run? 1,500 miles west of Ha
waii. Yukon basin gold is estimated at $5,
000,000,000. The necessary eruptive force for the
formation of great fissure veins is every -whero
evident in Alaska.
Silk should bo worn next the body,
then woolen and then furs.
Citric acid should be taken to prevent
The food there produces rectal dis
eases. Take medicine.
Lima beans are good portaJblo food.
Snow glasses should not be forgot
ten. Nowhere are mosquitoes so numer
ous. There are two kinds of poisonoui
There are no snakes in Alaska.
Moose are plentiful. The flesh re
sembles horse tlesh.
Capital of stock companies organized
to do business ia. Alaska aggregaU
It is probable that withlu twelvi
months Dawson City will be within
four davs from Juneau.
In Central and Northern Alaska
the around is frozen to a depth of 20C
Snowfall in the interior is very light
six inches or so.
The heaviest rain ana enow are on
the southeast coast.
No land contains finer spruce tim
In its low temperature gold filling in
the teeth contracts and falls out. Use
Men born in the southern latitudes
have become insane in the long dark.
Take a chess board and men. Thej
The medicine chest should hod pills,
A temperature of 75 degrees below
zero ha 3 been recorded.
When it erets below 50 there is no
A tent is as good as a house, and is
No shelter is needed except when the
wind blows. At other times a sleeping
bag answer- all purposes.
Just below rapids ice forms only
nine feet thick, and there fishing is
done. In other places it will reach 40
In the dark season here twilight lasts
six hours, and almost any kind cf work
can be done.
Elk, cariboo and grouse are common
and easily killed.
Don't eat snow or ice. Melt them.
In low temperature the inside of the
throat sometimes freezes. This is lo
lv called 'frost burning."
For frozen fingers use cold water. ;
You can bathe only the feet and face.
Sweat under blankets in summer or
In summer all land not mountain is
Underfoot is ice cake, overhead 22
Everybody gets lice. Boil under
clothing. Freeze sleeping bags.
Talk on the ice pack is hear a half
An expert placer miner can ran dry.
Alaskan "dust" is aa big ai ttheat.
Some gold is fine enough to float.
Wear silk gloves and then fur.
The Esquimo is virtuous, the Chilkat
Canadian rapacity will drive the
mirers into American territory.
Canadian police are highly efficient.
Beindeor will be the future locomo-
Alnslfftn doers are wonderfully intelli
gentthe result of selection and hered-
The natives eat much decayed fish.
They are all honest
Thousands of miners from other na
tions will go.
A Chicago company leads in Alaskan
Hay grows as high as a man's head.
Hardy vegetables can bo raised.
All streams show true gold fissures.
Take plenty of flour. Buy all you
think you need, then buy more. Last
winter a man killed himself because he
had five pounds of baking powder and
Under act of Congress communities
of miners can make their own laws.
No thief gets a fairer trial anywhere,
por a':y prompter execution.
lata caches on platforms six feet
It -will pay you to wait a year or two.
It costs $1,000 now and will cost $200
All distances are gigantic. It is 2, 000
miles from Sitka to Klondike.
A boat leaving Dawson September
20th is chased to the mouth by freezing
All wood in the Aleutian Islands
grew on glaciers in Alaska.
Whole forests break into the sea.
Some streams are bridged by glaci
ers. Some wood is beautifully polished by
Avalanches in the interior are un-
Owing to dryness there
is not much
suffering from the cold.
Take a 40-80 rifle with
One small tribe makes $2,500 a yeal
from silver fox skins. They are worth
Exposed portions of the body freeze
in three miuutes.
Enough library. One Bible, one
Snow-shoe3 are not needed in the
Buy mines from discouraged min
ers. Trading companies will not carry
goods for competitors.
Next year competition will briag
down their prices 30 per cent.
Meals ou the boat up the river cost
Men who have crone this winter to
make their living sawing wood will noi
have time to say much.
A CAR FAMINE ON.
Advanced Price of Wheat Causes In
The Rock Island road is experiencing
a car famine, particularly on its lines
in Oklahoma and the Indian Territory.
It also has all the grain it can handle
At South Chicago, where it delivers the
largest part of its grain, there are 1,800
cars of corn on the track. There has
been more corn sold for September
delivery within a fortnight than the road
will be alile to haul. The St. Paul,
Northwestern and Burlington have all
they can do. The Chesapeake A- Ohio
has all its cars employed, and has leased
Farmers throughout Central and
Western Kansas are using every means
possible to get their wheat on the mar
ket at the present high prices. Teams
block the streets of many towns, and
mills and elevators are crowded to their
utmost capacity. The railroad yards
in many ot tne larger towns are blocked
with loaded cars which cannot be
moved. The shipments were never be
fore so large. As a result of the boom
of wheat, several large sales of farm
property have been made, and holders
rave increased values 2a per cent.
Charged With Embezzlement
Thomas M. Arrington, of North Car
olina, for twelve years past an employe
Df the postoffice department and re,
cently in charge of the Washington di
vision of postoffice inspectors has been
arrested at Washington, D. C, charged
witnjembezzliag government moneys.
.n investigation of Arrington s ac
1 1 i m
counts nas been in proless for some
time and, it is said, resulted in the dis
oovery of a shortage of about $3,000.
tie was released on $2,000 bond.
McKinley in Cleveland.
President McKinley was the guest of
the American Bar Association at its
bauquet Friday ovening, though the
fact that he was to be there was kept
very quiet, lhe President entered the
banquet hall after the speaking began,
He was accompanied by Secretary Al
s;er and Senator Hanna. A seat had
been reserved for him between the new
and retiring presidents of the associa
tion. After the applause which greeted
the President had subsided the toast
master announced that the executive
sommittee had reported the election to
honorary membership in the associa
tion of William McKinley, of Ohio,
The announcement was greeted with
A POSTOFFICE ROBBED.
rhe Safe Blown Open and $300 in
Money and Stamps Secured.
A special to the Charlotte (N. C.)
Observer from Goldsboro of Aug. 28
3ays: The 6afe in the postoffice at Mt.
Olive was dynamited early this morn
ing and robbed of $300 in cash fid
stamps. The negro postmaster saw a
strange white man about the office
yesterday, who seemed to be interested
in the amount of business the office
was doing. All left to him this morn
ing was a demolished iron safe with
plaster Paris strewn in every direction.
it was a peat iob.
To Sympathetic Strikes Better t
Remain at Work.
Grand Master Sargent of the Broth
erhood of Locomotive Firemen, declare!
that he will not attend the meeting ol
union leaders at St. Louis; that he waf
opposed to sympathetic strikes and thai
lho by-laws of the organization pre
vented it from taking part in them. Mr.
Sargent said that the brotherhood
would not be officially represented. He
says it sympathizes with the striking
miners and have shown it by their lib
eral response to an appeal for financial
aid sent out by him, but they can do
them more good by staying at work and
earning money to contribute than they
can by strikiog and thus cutting off the
source of supplies. -
ENCHANTING IjAND, FAREWELLS
Rabbi David Marx Writes of His Visit
To "The Land of The Sky."
It is a relief to leave the busy haunts
of men; the cities crowded with hu
manity, sweltering baneath the bur
dens of toil and the hot mid-summer
6un and wend our course to the lofty
summit of mountain.
How invigorating aro the breezes that
ramble through the cloud-kissed re
gions, sweet with the fraukincense of
fresh-leaved forests. The soul under
goes transformation. A new freedom
possessed body and mind. "The voices
of the mountains stir to the quick every
latent energy; and naturo, unfolding
within, breathes new life.
"Land of the ky!" Whoever named
thee so, spoke no idle word, but truer
were the thought: "Gateway 'twixt
earth and heaven. "
This region is most charming. Pelion
is not piled on Ossa, butbauked against
each other; like the huge waves of ruf
fled sea, mountain succeeds mountain,
dense with luxuriant foliage, until lost
in the haziness of the distant blue, n
veritable sea of mountains threatens to
engulf the verdant valley that nestles
below us, quietly resting, securely
guarded by its hoary sentinels of thick
veined cliffs. Here earth looks to
heaven with smiling countenance, and
heaven rejoices at the gladness of earth.
The very clouds, that "rise like exhala
tions" from the valley, and uninvited
enter our apartments, wear au air of
fellowship. Phantomlike, as a breath
they pass and array their battalions of
cumuli to glorify the departure of the
And when night majestically spreads
her star-studded mantle over the bosom
of earth, and one bv one the many
pointed constellations twinkle with
rosruish friendliness, how much more
brightly appear these silvery decora
tions from onr mountain retreat than
when obscured and dimmed by clouds
of valley or smoke of city.
Here the lover of natural scenery
finds undying satisfaction. Every step
shifts the shil.3 of the marvelous pano
rama ana throws beiore tne eve a uis-
solviug view of blending shades, color,
outline and background, an entrancing
picture, a view that is never the same.
Here nature charms by her creative
powers. Y ith unflagging zeal she cau
tiously retouches her handiwork, lest
the eve grow weary and the soul become
satisfied. Here heaven and earth meel
in a kiss of such gentle tenderness that
vision cannot discern the touching ol
Softlv, almost unconsciously, a spirit
of pride enters our heart, and with the
boastfulness of a school lad, we claim
partnership in this grand country. A
patriotic impulso seizes us. Our soul
harmonizes with nature. Our being
thrill-i with a new love for this "sweet
As wo wend our way over roads
carved through stubborn rocks, we
marvel at the works of man and confess
our obligations toward the skillful and
daring engineers and surveyors who
have wrestled from nature royal high
Gratitude and recognition are due
those whose brain and brawn devised
and accomplished the wonderful wind
ing mazes of these mountain paths over
which we travel with ease, comfort anil
pleasure. Neither man nor beast seems
to tire as mile upon mile of labyrinth
ian county pike is covered.
What a wonderful necromancer is
this gaunt old mountain. Every ben
of the road jusrgles with our senses and
the grand orchestra of nature plays
suitable accompamments to the dex
terity of the conjurer. A low murmer
as the Philemons and Baucises vow to
one another love eternal; a soft rustle
of the lowly plants, eager to make their
presence known; a soothing sound from
the contesting waters that in gentle
rivalry precipitate each other over the
steep, rock clefts amidst the plaudits of
their moist friends, destined to fal
into the rock-hoilowed basin worn by
centuries of battering all these sweet
melodies of the mountain hymn
paean to the Maker of all, a gloriou
soul-stirring hallelujah. They lift the
soul of man above the worries and
burdens of life. Tho nebulae pf cares
are dissipated by the gentle wooings of
nature, beauUhed by the land of deity,
Beautiful mountains of North Caro
lina. so calm and majestic; so lofty and
inspiring! Would that mankind might
behold ye, noted in the tints of wood-
lard, the hazy blue of atmosphere, the
soft shadow of cloud3 and the benign
radiance of heaven! Upon your sum
mits, the king of day smiles with warm
hearted geniality, "and the full-faced
orb of niffht sheds her sofest beams of
silvery brightness. Round you play
the storms of heaven, terribly majestic!
Amongst you dwell the peace of sun
shine and the grace of beauty!
With resrret we leave your hallowing
presence and the abode of your hardy
sons filling the steep slopes of your
stout ribbed sides. Back to the
haunts of men we wander, our vacation
ended. Homeward we turn our reluc
tant step, but with a new born strength
to assume the duties of life; richer in
health; wealthier inactivity: nobler in
Enchanting land, farewell !
Atlanta Constitution, Aug. 11.
PITHY NEWS ITE3IS.
David R. Rider, Jr. , GO years of age,
was slung to death by bees at White
field N. Y. , while hiving bees. '
A severe wind storm in Chicago did
considerable damago to buildings, kill
ing one woman and injuring three other
"Healer" Schlatter, who is in Chi
cago, 111., denies the report that he
married Mrs. Ferris, widow of the Fer
ris wheel inventor. "
The Americau Pharmaceutical Asso
ciation in session at Minneapolis,
Minn., decided to meet next year in
Baltimore. J. II. Bobbitt, of North
Carolina, was chosen secretary. Price
cutting was denounced.
Chief State Constable W, N". Bahr, of
South Carolina, has been suspended
from the force indefinitely by. the
Governor for being too talkative. An
investigation will follow to seo if the
order will be made permanent
President BorcU, of Uruguay, was
assassinated by a boy while he was
coming out of the Cathedral, after at
tending a fete in celebration of the in-1
dependence of Uruguay. He was not
EUROPE REEDS H HORSES.
All Consular Offices on the List Have"
WILL REMAIN IN WASHINGTON.
Better Mail Delivery Prospectors In
Alaska Dependent on Charity
Other Newsy Items.
The decision handed down recently
y the Attorney General to the effect
that Deputy United States Marshals
cannot be considered as covered by tho
civil service law, by reason of the fact
hat the Marshal is compelled to cive
bond not only himself, but for his eu-
n-e force, has called attention to tho
act that deputy collectors of internal
revenue are iu precisely the same cate-
gory. lien mis decision was caiieu
to the attention of Acting Commis
sioner of Internal Revenue Wileon, the
atter admitted that the decision was an
exceedingly important, one, and could
see no reason why it should not apply
alike to the employes of the internal rev
enue offices as well as those of the United
States Marshals. "Deputy collectors
of internal revenue," faid Acting Com
missioner Wilson, "are supposed to be
under the civil service. In realty, how
ever, the civil service is a fifth wheel, so to
speak. Deputy commissioners of intern
al revenues are appointed at the com
mencement of the term of the new col
lector and hold their oflite for a period
ot four years. Tho collector of internal
revenue, as is the case with tho United
States Marshal, gives un indemnity
boud for all the employes of his office,
and, the department has held that.
under these conditions, it is only right
and proper that he should Lavo full au
thority to select his own assistants. It
would scarcely be reasonable for a new
collector to bo compelled to rAy upon
employes whom he did uot 't.v, and
who belong to the onnosi oi nartv.
These offices are very differed., aom ho
clerkships in the department. The idea,
therefore, that tne employes in the in
ternal revenue offices are under the
civil service seems to be a fellacious
one. The civil service acts only a fifth
wheel, and is elastic as the collector
In connection with the coming French
exposition. Secretary of Agriculture
Wilson hopes to develop a plan by
which breeding cf horses for use m cav
alry of European armies will be encour
aged. The demand for horf.es for army
use is very great in Europe. The
French government sent au army officer
to the United States to learn how far
horses could be drawn from this coun
try for the French cavalry and artillery,
The report was most favorable to Amer
ican breeding and as to abundant sup
ply. The needs of England in her mil
itary operations in Africa and Asia
have led her to look to South America
for cavalry horses and tho first consign
ment of 500 Argentine horses left Bue
nos Avrcs last month for the British
military service at Capetown. Thus far
no step3 have been taken by this gov
ernment for the trade in American
horses, but the department of agricu
ture will consider tho advisability of
Eendinc abroad an expert, who will in
vestigate the needs of the cavalry of Eu
iopo with a view of meetinjr this need
bv American-bred horses. It will doubt
less stimulate horse breeding at a time
when that business has suflered much
through tho inroads of electricity ant!
Several complaints have reached the
Tieasurv Department recently that
lare numbers of men bound for the
Klondike country, but without pro
visions or money, are now being landed
at St. Michaels. Alaska. None of tho
regular lines of steamers, it is said, w il
book parties for the Klondike who are
not provided with a sufficient amount o
provisions and money to maintain thc-in-relves
for a reasonable time without
danger of t-ufl'ering. Some of the tramp
lines of steamers, however, are paid to
ship any one who cau pay for his pas
sage, without regard to the future. The
result is said to be that a considerable
crowd is accumulating in the vicinity of
St. Michaels, who are becoming de
pendent upon the chanty of others for
their food. This unexpected tituatiou,
it is feared, will lead to trouble before
tho winter is over, and tho Treasury
Deportment has been aked to interfere
to prevent vessels from taking to
Afaska persons not properly provided
Consular applicants will be interested
to lear'j that every consular office in the
gift of the administration has been
promised, and the names of the fortu
nate ones are now on file opposite the
post to which they will be designated
when the President gets time to make
the appointments. This information is
vouchsafed by the State Department to
a gentleman who called on behalf of the
Republican National Committee to havo
a place fixed for one of Senator Hanna's
The trustees and ciders of the First
Tresbyterian Church are very positive
that Dr. T.DeWitt Talmage has not ac
cepted any call from Plymouth Church.
Chicago, or anywhere else. They state
that they have roceived no word from
Dr. Talmage expressing any chance
from his avowed intention of returning
to them in September and that they are
sure he would inform them if he did
have any new plans for his future.
First Assistant Tostraasier 'General
Heath has issued special instructions
to postmasters throughout the country
providing for the expedition oi tran
sient mail in cities, the instructions
being intended specially to benefit tho
commercial - travelers and theatrical
The report submitted to tho Navy
Department upon tho condition of work
on ships building shows that there are
under construction now five battleships,
one gunboat and thirteen torpedo ves
sels, a submarine boat and a navy-yard
tug. Not an unprotected cruiser or
monitor is either in course of building
or beng remodeled.
Ambassador White, at Berlin, in a
dispatch to the State Department Says
that so far as he can learn tho only ar
ticle upon which Germany pays an ex
port bounty is sugar.
WEEKLY CROP BULLETIN.
The Drought f Again Becoming Very
The I.egmniug cf tho week onuing
Monday, August 80th was favorable,
but the latter half was very warm aud
dry, and as no good general ram has
occurred in August, tho droutrht is
again becoming very injurious in tho
central and east portions of the State.
Cotton has been so heavily fruited,
however, that notwithstanding consid
erable shedding a large cop uiu(t bo
made. It is opening everywhere aud
picking will become neutral next week.
Corn is generally very good. Cutting
and curing tobacco continues in north,
central and west portions of tho State
with excellent results.
Lastekn Dikthkt. --Somo lipbt
showers occurred at the beginning of
the week (2d and 24thh but tho re
mainder was warm and very dry. The
clear weather was favorable for fodder
pulling, and most of that crop has been
paved in good condition. Coltou con
tinues to sutler considerably from
drought, especially in Northampton.
Halifax, Edgecomb, parts of Wilson.
Brunswick and Wayne, wbcro consid
erable shedding occurs; many com
plaints of rust have been received.
The crops is opening fast everywhere
and picking from now on will bo gen
eral. It is feared that some cotton is
opening prematurely. Grinding cain
and boiling syrups has commeuced.
There seems to be a poor stand for fall
Irish potatoes generally.
Centra District. Following the
rains on the 23d and 24th fair weather
Bet in which was beneficial, - but the
middle and latter part of tho week be
came vejy hot and dry aud drought is
having telling effect on unmatured
crops; especially late corn and cotton.
It is feared that the drought ban injured
cotton more than was at first thought;
it is shedding to pouio extent; at tho
worst spots the fields look as brown as
they do in October. Cotton is opening
fast and picking becoming general;
considering how heavily iruited tho
plants are, a large crop is till possible.
Late corn needs rain bad I v. Fodder
pulling is over in south and beginning
in north portion. Tobacco ii curing
well. Much hay has beon saved.
Western District. Tho weather
was generally favorable in this district,
with scattered rains on several dayn in
small amounts and frequent dews." Tho
nights' have been cool, but weather be
came very warm and dry the lutter part
of the week. There are relatively few
complaints of damage by draught -though
it is very dry iu a few eastern
counties. The corn crop pecms to b
especially pood, and is practically
made. Fodder is being pulled; cot toil
still blooming, opening nicely, very
little -bedding reported and picking
will boou begin. Tobacco is fiue, cut
ting going on, some cured. Hay mak
ing progressing, crops littlo i-low.
NORTH STATE PICK-UPS.
Concord has a fruit jar famine.
AtAsheville on the 23d wheat
quoted at $1.
At Salisbury a wagon factory is to be
The silk factory at Greensboro has
not yet begun operation s.
Orders have been issued for the ar
rest of tramps on the Seaboard Air
A steam laundry is to be established
at Concord by W. A. Wilkinson and
F. L. Bobbins.
Local shippers of Winston held a
meeting to take action regarning dis
criminative freight rates.
The Winston tobacco board of trade
have organized a fair association and
will hold a tobacco fair this fall.
Mr. Avery Cashion was killed at a saw
mill ia Burke county, a plank flying up,
striking him on the head and fracturing
The labor bureau is sendingoutblanks
to secure information regarding the lum
ber industry in this State, particularly
as to saw mills.
The State's first bale of new cotton
was marketed at Morven on tno isi,
weighed 404 pounds, classed good mid
dling, and sold for bj cents.
The Fayetteville Observer says Louis
Robinson, formerly of that place, now
of Florida, has invented a machine for
printing in colors.
The agents in the field who are work
ing for tho Agricultural aud Mechanical
College pay they expect to see nearly
400 students present next term.
Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher, of Cabarrus
county, agreed to live apart after a
quarrel because she would not take
patent medicine pills. Her husband
Albert Russell, colored, is under ar
rest at Fayetteville, charged with at
tempted rupe upon Emma Wright, a
deaf negro girl about sixteen years
Ed. Purvis, charged with the murder
of Fireman Blackwell, waived examina
tion at the preliminary trial at Dunn,
Harnett county. He has been carried to
the Cumberland county jail for safe
Dr. J. C. Kilgo, president of Trinity
College, delivered his famous locture,
.uristiau Education, in Charlotte,
Sunday, Aug. 22, to a large congrega
tion in tho Tryon Street Methodist
Judge Simonton, in a letter to United
.States Court Clerk Moore, at Ashcville,
.-ays he has concluded to hear the Cape
Fear and Yadkin Valley Railroad mo
tion at Afdieville, on Thursday, Sep
Raleigh's water-works cost 223,000.
A private company built ard owns it.
Much stork is held at Dayton, Ohio.
There aro 140 public and private fire
hydrants, and about 1,000 water takers.
lho company has issued 100,000 in
W. P. Batchelor has retired, after
seventeen years continuous service as
chief clerk to the Secretary of State.
A. D. K. Wallace succeeds him, and D.
If. Center, Populist, of Harnett, is
made assistant clerk. Mr. Batchelor
served under four Secretaries.
Captain Brule's po!ar oxpcdltloD, o:n-pc-Cl
of Austrlaus and Hungarians, has re
turned from tho frozen north.