North Carolina Newspapers

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Qenaral Traveling Agents.
NO. 48.
nn XT TP
11 "... .
Mooresville, N, C, Office Safe
Cracked and $154 Stolen.
The Kobbery is Supposed to Have
Beeii Committed by Professional
The postoffico at Mooresville, N. C,
was robbed Wednesday night of last
week. The back door of the small
building in which, the office is located
was prized opeu with a crowbar, which
bad been obtained at tho railroad sta
tiou, a short distance from the office,
and ail entrance thus effected.
After the burglars entered they be
gan operations at once on the safe. A
hole twelve inches deep was bored
through tho top of the safe, and dyna
mite put therein. Tho safe was moved
from the wall and the fuse lighted. Tho
door was blown completely froni the
hinses, several panes of class in the
front windows wero knocked out, and
pictures thrown from the wall.
Although the robbery was committed
in tho heart of the town, within a
stone's throw of tho Johnson Hotel,
o'llv a few heard tiro explosion, aud
those that did did not think there was
anvthinc wrong. Tho burglars got away
with about S1"j4 in money and stamps.
1'avhght disclosed the robbery, and
threw the town into a state of excite
ment. Mr. Eobt, S. Terupleton is
postmaster at Mooresville. As soon as
ho learned of tho robbery-about G
o'clock he wired Postmaster Mullen
at Charlotte asking for instructions as
to what course to pursue. Mr, Mullen
wired him to notify the department at
Washington nt once.
Thd mavor of Mooresville also tele
graphed to Chief Orr for bloodhounds
but none could be gotten. The hounds
at the convict camp are not sufficiently
trninpd to be nut on the scent.
Tho robbery is supposed to have been
committed bv professional saie-cracu.
er8. Charlotte (X. C.) Observer.
r.m ornnr Tiiiick's S iirrcstIon9 as to
the Labor Problem.
The Legislature oi the Estaiooiew
York met and organized on the oth.
The Senate, with a membership of 50,
has a Ilepublican majority of 20. The
assembly, with 10 names on tho roll, is
Republican bv S. In both houses the
Republican caucus nominees w ere
elected without any unusual incident.
The speaker of the" assembly is J. M. E.
)' iradv. who presided during the ses
fcion of i-S 1)7.
In hi3 messago to tho legislature
Governor Black made three sugges
tions in connection with the labor
prcblem: .
1. That immigration be checked.
2. That a fair rate of wage3 be paid
:3. That in opposing strikes by armed
men some method should bo adopted
which would not at lirst discharge oil
firearms produce these fatal, tragic re
sults which have caused a recent event
to be universally deplored.
llic Entire Democratic Ticket De
feated By a Small Majority.
Tas. J. Williams, independent Dera. of
Memphis, Tenn., has been elected
mayor over Hon. Lucas Clapp, the
present incumbent, by a majority of
about ."500 votes. The entire independ
ent ticket was also carried by reduced
majorities. The campaign ha3 been an
r.Tfii t in or mi n il dboth sides claimed tho
v';fr.vv"nti to tho last hour. The elec
tion was quiet and orderly, and a heavy
vote was polled.
Ilanna Has Gained Two Votes.
A special from Columbus. O., of the
Oth. says: Conservative estimates to
night place tho legislative vote at 75 to
70 against Ilanna. Tho workers of tho
-Vnntor claim 71 votes, and assurances
of the two necessary additional votes,
nnd four more. The opposi
tion insists that Hauna will never havo
70 votes on joint ballot, and that they
have gained two votes.
nisfistrous Nitro-Glyccrlno Explosion
An explosion of 1,500 quarts of nitro-
rlvperine near Booth, an oil town
few miles east of Toledo. O , killed an
'-. .n 0v,r.r.tpv named Stephen Wilson,
and wiped out cf existence a team of
nr,uwncon. A piece of Wii-
a-A, nnd the head of one horse
1. oil at was found. Considerable
damage was done to property in tho vi
cinity, but no ono else was injured.
A Crazy .Man's Awful Deed.
Bristol. Tenn.. special to the Nash
villo (Tenn.) Banner, says: "In a fit
, c ,r,;t,- A lATunder Carter, a white
ui juau. ij , . .
o-tizen of Grccnvillo. killed his wife
und' 13-year-old daughter, Montie,
while they flept, and then shot and
killed himself. Carter brained his wife
and daughter with an axe. Ho is said
to have been mentally unbalanced for
Eome time. "
Another Express Iiobbery.
The American Express Company, at
New York, has been robbed of $10,582,
and Clark Braden, Jr., a trusted em
ploye, is missing. Central officers and
private detectives are hunting for him.
(iets $4,000 Damages.
The second trial of the suit brought
a-uinst the street riaiway uom
TP.ny, of Winston, N. C, byT. J. Wil
f on, Kfecretary and treasurer of the city,
f the, killing of his 7-year-old son by a
tivtt cur two years ago, was concluded
i , j. 1 t-AlnvTiinn" n. VfiT-
ty the jury last ween. iub .--diet
for ?4,0C0 in favor of the plaintiff.
'i Lo defendants will appeal to the Su
1 l-u-me Court again. The first jury gave
Mr. Wilson S3, 000,
The South,
Atlanta, Ga., last year used $2,000,
000 in building.
Fire at Washington, Ga., destroyed
$60,000 worth of property. Insurance,
A mob lynched James Jones, colored,
near Macon, Miss., for setting fire to
the house of a woman.
Thirty-six buildings in Farmyille,
Va. , have been burned, causing a loss
ol $150,000; insurance $49,000.
E. II. Miller, a prominent tobacco
manufacturer at Danville, Va., has
made an assignment; liabilities $50,
000. The President has named Owen L.
W. Smith, of North Carolina, to be
minister resident and consul general of
the United States to Liberia.
The Virgin Cotton Mill, at Hunters-
villo, is running day and night. A
number of new factorv houses are being
built. Charlotte (N.'CU Observer. -
The Lynchites or sanctified band
who appear to have settled at South
port, N. C, are sending their mission
aries into adjoining territory. Trouble
is looked for.
Governor Tyler of Virginia, has an
nounced the appointment of Col. Wm.
Naile, of Culpepor, to be Adjutant
General of the State, to succeed General
Charles Anderson.
Governor Charles A. Culberson, of
Texas, has announced himself a candi
date for the United States Senate to
succeed Roger Q. Mills, whose term
will expire this year.
At Russelville, Ky., two boys named
Robert Evans and George Duncan, be-
camo involved in a quarrel, which re
Fulted in Evans stabbing Duncan to
death with a pocket-knife.
Green Fennell and his wife, living
near Jasper, Fla., left their two chil
dren, aged 2 and 6 years, at home alone.
Tho clothes of the young sr taking fire,
the older went to the rescue and both
were burned to death.
At Ashevillo, N. C, several boys
were in a room fooling with a pistol.
One of the boys, Wainscot, started to
ehow his revolver to Willie Hampton,
and while extracting a cartridge from it
one shell exploded, the bullet striking
Hampton iu the eye aud killing him
At Huntington, W. Va., Carter
Shifflette has been arrested for passing
old city orders w hich mysteriously di: -
appeared from the vauJta at tne city
hall. Fifteen thousand dollars worth
have been raid a second time. Shifflette
savs ho came by the orders honestly.
The aggregate amount of the missing
orders is $140,000.
The biggest fire in the history of
Commerce, Texas, occurred on the Sd,
in which the entire east side of the
town was swept away. The fire broke
out in the Presley building at midnight
and spread rapidly, lne postomce,
Odd Fellows building and a number of
Etores wero consumed. Loss, $100,-
The Confederate veterans of Meck
lenburg county, North Carolina, have
begun prepartions for the 20th of May
celebration at Charlotte, that occasion
being the dedication of the monument
to the signers of the Declaration of In
dependence. The Charlotte Typo
graphical Union, composed of about
forty members, will be represented in
the parade, as well as other organiza
tions and societies.
The North.
A whipping post for the correction of
bad bovs has been set up in Evansville,
The Maryland Republican has split,
and there will be no fusion with Demo
crats. Business organizations throughout
the country will hold a national conven
tion at Buflalo, JN. I., on Jan i.
The New York Legislature proposes
to regulate the practice of mesmerism
and h3rpnotism in that State.
At Jamestown. N. Y.. 100 men have
been thrown out of work by the burn
ing of the Straight Manufacturing
Company's plant.
Wm. C. Oakley, of Chicago, has
been appointed by" Comptroller Dawes
national bank examiner to succeed jos.
Talbert, resigned.
Mrs. Nellie Peterkin. of New Y'ork,
has been convicted at Boston, Mass., of
manslaughter for causing the death of
Mrs. Catherine F. Murphy
Wm. T. Buckley, who. until Jan. 1st,
was a member of tho dry goods firm of
Dunham. Hucklev & Co.. of New York,
committed suicide by shooting himself
in a boathouse adjoining his residence.
Arllfti E. StevenBon. former Vice-
President of tho United States, has
accepted the position of Western coun-
Bel Ol Liio iwi iii aui" -ww-
pany of New York, with a membership
in the board oi directors.
"Rurslars entered the residence of W,
W Jneobs. 12 Waverlv Place, Chicago,
111 , -and carried away mining stock
valued at about $10,000, besides a col
loinn nf rare coins, musical instru-
ments, rare books, jewelry, silverware
and clothing,
The number of deaths from yellow
fever in Cuba is diminishing.
Tlnlihera attempted to hold up a train
on the Kansas City, Pittsburg and Gulf
railroad, but they made a "wind
Spain will send 5,000 troops to Cuba
at the end of this month and- further
troops, up to 14,000, will be sent to.the
island if needed.
TomAa Kiiklev. the Benton! County
Tnl Treasurer, who was found dead
in his office, committed suicide because
his accounts were short.
A locomotive exploded on the Cin
cinnati Southern Railway, causing the
.intii nr the. engineer and firemen
and the train being wrecked,
A cablegram from London says Gen
eral Both, of the Salvation Army, has
sailed for America. His object in com
ing to the United States is to assist in
organizing great additions to the army.
Washington Jottings.
Rural free delivery postoffices are
soon to have carriers who will receive
cash and obtain money orders for pa
trons aud receipt for and deliver regis
tered mail. ,
nn Affont nf the new tariff has been
' to almost stamp out imports of beet-root
Bu?ar. -
First Use of the Roentgen Rays
in Surgery in the South.
About eight weeks ago the 5-year-old
child of Mr. and Mrs. Will E. Harris,
of Harrisburg, N O. , swallowed a brass
thimble child's size and the snape cf
a tailor's thimble, open and sharp at
both ends, which caused the child great
agony, and it had wasted away until it
was a mere skeleton. The parents had
Dr. Henry Louis Smith, of Davidson
College, N. C, to apply the X-ray,
which resulted in locating tne thimble.
A consultation was held and it was
decided to take the child to
the Charlotte Medical and Sur
gical Institute, Charlotte, N. C, which
was did at once, and on the 8th Di.
Smith made the application of the
Roentgen rays to the body at the hos
pital. The childs clothing was not re
moved as the rays easily penetrate any
number of cloth. The fluoroscope re
vealed the object plainly, and all tho
physicians present examined the body
and agreed as to the location of the
thimble. The thimble was found to be
located to the left of the backbone, and
at the bi-furcation the trochia, about
three inches below what is known as
the "Adam's apple" in the throat.
Drs. J. P. McCombs, R. L. Gibbon, C.
A. Misenheimer. W. H. Wakefield, J.
R. Irwin, of Charlotte: Dr. S. M.
Hendron, of Croft; Dr. J, C. Black, of
Harrisbure: Dr. Henrv Louis Smith,
of Davidson; Rev. J. W. Stagg and
others were present when the Roentgen
ravs were turned on the body.
Dr. C. A. Misenheimer handled the
surgeon's knife and he was assisted in
the operation by Dr. R. L. Gibbon and
Dr. Irwin. Tho first stroke of the knife
struck the thimble, and it could almost
bo touched bv the fineer. But it had
i been there for eight weeks and the flesh
had crown around the edges and held
it firmlv in place. The surgeon worke
some minutes before the thimble could
be dislodged, and then it had to be
turned completely around and drawn
out the larco end foremost. The
thimble was out and the opera
tion completed in an hour and a half,
The child rallied in a short while and
asked for some water, one seemed
greatly relieved and not many minutes
later wanted her dinner brought to her,
She is resting easy and unless some un
foreseen relapse occurs will soon com
The Year Opens With Quiet Confl
dence in all Branti.?s of Business.
Bradstreet's review of the state o
trade for the past week is as fohows
The year opens with a quiet confidence
pervading nearly all of the branches of
business. Encouraging activity in the
iron trade, resumption of work by many
thousands of industrial employees in
the Western glass iudustrj largely re
duced the volume of business faifuroa
as compared with corresponding periods
in preceding years, and tho general out
look is certain! v not interior to any
previous year at this time.
The distribution or trade has been
lather slow pending stock-taking and
the return of salesmen to the field.
While the volume of distributive busi
ness is no larger, tne industrial activity
is a special feature, unconfined to any
one section, but specially notable in the
Resumption of woik after the holi
days has been general and encouraging
in that section.
Autumn weather in the Northwest
checks distribution, but collections are
reported good.
Haled of Southern iron large, lne
Louisiana Sugar crop returns are very
Nine-tenths of the Jrlonda orange
crop was gathered before the last freeze.
Cotton is steady on good export de
Wool has opened up actively at some
Eastern markets, and lower prices for
cotton goods have stimulated some de
The wajre reductions at New England
cotton mills is verv generally accepted
The lewelrv trade is encouraged by
the small number of failures in that
Preparations for active Alaskan trade
are being made oh the Pacific coast,
and reported in California.
Prices have shown few important
changes, and steadiness in the leading
feature. Therf is a slight gain in the
number of failures reported this week
over last, the total aggregating 333
rgainst 207 last week, but a heavy fall
ing oft from 1807, when the total was
Death Rather Than Dishonor.
At Florence, S. C, for some tim
mail has been taken from the lock
. I in x u b tlio iuoiuiiic, uoiuiaoici
McKenzie stationed himself in the
office to catch tho rogue or rogues, and
so about 10 o'clock on the night of the
7th, after the mail was distributed, a
white man named Andrew Welch came
in. unlocked one of the boxes and
reached around and took a letter be
longing to Johnsons & Wells, which
had a small check in it, as was after
wards ascertained. Mr. McKenzie
came out aDd caught Welch and carried
him in Dr. Covington s drug store,
where Welch pulled his pistol, but Mr.
McKenzie got the drop on him, so he
turned his pistol and shot himself
through the pit of the stomach. He
died in about one hour. He preferred
death to disgrace.
Smallpox In South Carolina.
The number of cases of smallpox at
fireenville. S. 0., has increased to
-n,.ntv. There are at this time eighteen
ftaG3 in the pest house. Two that have
had tho disease have been discharged
as cured. A case is reported to have
appeared in Spartanburg. The dreaded
disease is also reported on the coast at a
small village named Sheldon, in Beau
fort county.
Protests Against
At Washington,
Reducing Wages,
on the 7th, Secre
tary Long gave a hearing to a large
delegation of people from Norfolk, Va.,
who sought to prevent the threatened
cut in the wages of the navy yard em
ploye sthere. There were Representa
tive Young and Mr. Fair less, George
Wise, ex-Representative Libbey, and a
number of workmen from the navy
yard. After hearing the protests of
these persons Secretary Long directed
that the order reducing wages be sus
pended until he had an opportunity to
flirty iaiflfl-tigatf? tha mattery'- -
The Strange Will of an Aged New
Yorker and Officer of the Church.
He Says, Is Not the Religion or
Christ It Puts an Unknown, Imag
inary Being In the Place of Nature.
One of the most remarkable wills
ever filed in the office of the surrogate
of New York is that of Henry More
house Taber, offered for probate on the
4th. In spite of the ff.t that Mr. Taber
was president and treasurer of the board
of trustees of the First Presbyterian
church, in the opening clauses of h:s
will he denounces all religion as shaw,
and as having its origin in superstition.
He requested that no services be held
over his body and that he be cremated.
Mr. laber died on Christmas eve, at
the age of 73 years. Two children, Sid
ney Richmond Taber aud Mary Taber,
survive the testator, and to them the
eutire estate, valued at over $1,000,000,
is feiven absolutely. The will is in the
hand-writing of the testator, and con
tains the following: "Believing that
all religions, including Christianity, are
superstitions; that the basio doctrines
ol the Christian religion, the fall of
man, is utterly and absolutely false,
and that its opposite, the rise of man
from the lower orders, is a scientific
fact; that beliefs in (so-called) miracles
are hallucinations of the brain, and
without existence; that the chief char
acteristic of what is termed 'the ord
of God' are injustice, cruelty, untruth
fulness and obscenity; that the ef
fect of orthodox Christian teachings
is to encourage ignorance, selfishness,
narrow mindedness, acrimociousness,
intolerance, wrong aud mental slavery;
that Christianity, so-called, is not the
religion of Christ; that supplants
ethical culture and true morality with
meaningless theology and unbelievable
dogmos; that it puts an unknown (ana
probably unknowable) imaginary be
ing in the place of nature; that it gives
a name of personality to evil an
eauallv unknown an imaginary being;
that it so works upon the credulity of
its adherents as to invite in them a fear
of that most horrible of doctrines,
eternal punishment, (I 6ay, believing
all these) I, in all kindness and in all
earnestness, request that over my re-
niuins there bo no religious services of
any kind, nature, or descriptiou what
ever. "I also request that my body bo
cremated at Fresh Pond or other cre
matory, and that my ashes be left
Orange Trees Only Temporarily Hurt.
Strawberries and Tobacco Cooked.
The cold weather of January 1st and
2d did considerable temporary damage
to vegetables, but none of a permanent
character, in Florida. Orange trees
will in some cases lose their foilage
and where they were in exposed places
in the northern border of the orange
belt will lose a part of their tender
growth. Owing to the fact, however,
that the sap was down, the trees them
selves were able to resist unscathed
even lower temperature. Reports from
the pineapple belt of the coast indicate
that the damage to pineapples was
The fall crop of tobacco in all parts
of the State was injured badly.
Blooms on strawberries were killed.
Early strawberries in the northern
section were frozen on the vines and
the vines themselves set back fully six
The tenderest garden crops in all sec
tions as far South as Tampa, where,
lacking protection by forests, streams
or lakes, were badly injured, but ex
posed gardens did not represent more
than half the area in truck, growers
having learned by experience the wis
dom of selecting well protected spots.
A Salvation Arniy Thief Presents a
Schedule of Ills Crimes.
A. P. Revis, a member of the Salva
tion Army in Redlands, who was ar
rested for wholesale thievery, appeared
before the Superior Court at San Ber
nardino, Cal., with a Bible in one hand
and a tabulated statement of his thefts,
committed since 1888, in the other.
He pleaded guilty to tho crime
charged, and also insisted that punish
ment be administered for each theft
committed as per schedule, which ap
peared by the score. In that way only,
lie said, he could atone to a just God.
The defendant presented so novel a
case, without any attorney to advise
him, that the court refused to pass
sentence without further consideration
and continued the time for sentence.
Tho Federal Finances.
The monthly statement of the public
debt, issued on the 3d, shows that at
the close of business on Dec. 31, 1897,
the debt, less cash in he Treasury,
amounted to S929.lll.5bi, a decrease
for the month of 810, 114,899. This de
crease in the debt is due principally to
an increase in tne case, wmcu is ac
counted for by the salo of tho Union
Pacifio railroad.
Sankey for the Holy Land.
Ira D. Sankey is again about to sail
to Jerusalem, Egypt and the Holy
Land, and will be accompanied by Mrs
Sankey and their oldest son. This trip
is undertaken principally on account of
MrB. Sankey, who has not been well
for some time.
Southern Coal Fields.
The Ensrlish svndicate, which has re
cently been breaking into the Kentucky
and Tennessee coal regions with a view
to buying all of tho mines, has made a
proposition to the mine owners which
mftv be accepted. The deal involves
the expenditure of $3,000,000.
Embezzler Thought Dead Is Yet Alive.
W. J. Pope, who it is charged embez
zled SG0.000 from the First Nationa
Bank of Louisville, Ky., and who was
thought dead, is alive in fcjacraroanto.
Is Is Said This Year's Crop Will Ap
proximate 9,930,014 Bales.
Latham, Alexander & Co., have is
sued a statement of the cotton situation
In which they state that the total visible
mpply of cotton in the world is 33,322
bales more than last year, 189,943 bales
ess than in 18CC, and 561,995 baless
ess than in 1895. The exports this year
ire 843.891 bales more than last year.
,615,895 bales more than in 1896, ana
271,276 bales more than in 1895. The
Stock in United States ports is 20,874
bales less than last vear. 153.871 bales
more than in 1896, and 24,607 bales less
nan in 189o.
The total amount of cotton that has
come into sight from September 1st to
January 1st (four months) for the cot
ton years mentioned below is as loi-
ows: 1898. 7.260.033: 1897. G.398.192;
1896, 4,944,220; 1895, 0,994,673. The
imount, therefore, that has come into
sight this vear to January 1st is 861,841
bales more than last j-ear, 2,rflo,8is
bales more than 1896, and 265,360 bales
more than in 1895.
The receipts to January 1st are 861,841
bales greater than those of last year,
when the crop proved to bo 8.757,964,
and with a corresponding gain until the
snd of the season on 2.359.772 bales,
which were the receipts from January
1st to September 1st, the total crop
would approximate 9,930,014 bales.
Proposals for Transporting Supplies
Opened Pack Train Soon to Move
Vancouver Barracks, Washington.
Special.) Captain D. L. Brainerd,
in charge of tho government Klondike
relief expedition has opened proposals
'or furnishing supplies to be delivered
it the head of Lyan canal, Feb. 17. A
larere number of proposals were re-
3eivod from Pacific coast points and
elsewhere. The award
hasnot been
k train for the
mado. I
The government pack
expedition assembled here, is now com
plete, with the exception of four addi
tioual packers. It consists of 101
mules, 9 horses and 17 packers, iu
charge of Lieut. C. H. Preston and J.
A. Rvan. of the Ninth Calvary. An
snnn tha snnnlipB Tmrfhased bv Mai
Jacobs a few davs aero, are received,
Captain Eidridge, and 50 selected men
of Company 11, iourteenth infantry,
will be ready to proceed to Alaska.
Wanted to Sec the President.
The rolice officers at the Whke House
arrested a crank last week. He was a
middle-aged German, named
Lined Jacob
ived in New
Clements, who said he 1
York. He has haunted the White House
for the past few days, endeavoring to
va - a ii ii : .1 a. TT - .1
ootain acoess to me rres.ueui. "'
uressed a letter to tne xresmem, uuu ue i
called and announced that God had
ent him: that he bore the mark on his
r xir en , iiiot boo tliA l'rnsi-1
dent. When he was denied he became
boisterous. He will bo examined as to
his sanitj-.
$20,000 for Mrs. Luctgert.
rolice Inspector Schaack, of Chicago,
has made a verbal offer of 820,000 in
approved real estate to any person pro
ducins Mrs. Luetgert. dead or alive.
Attorney Harmon, of the defense, has
complained that he is only preventing
from producing Mrs. Luetgeit by a
lack of funds, and Inspector hchaack,
it is said, chose this method ol rejoin
der, lie aUo hopes to thus put a
quietus on the reports from various
parts of the country that Mrs. Luetgert
has been discovered.
Embargo on Tobacco Exports Raised.
Tho following telegram has been re"
ceived by the Secretary of State from
our minister to Spain, announcing th
revocation of the embargo on exports
of tobacco from Cuba: "Tobacco can
be exported on paying tax of 12 resoa
rer 100 kilos. All manufactured tobac
co except picaduro, is free of export
duty. Santiago de Cuba is excepted
from the new order. The importation
of tobacco from all ports into Cuba is
prohibited. "
Cigarettes Made Him Rob a Bank.
Calhoun Calkins, son of rich parenti
and formerly a young society leader, ii
on trial in tne uriminai toun-t ai.
Joseph, Mo. , on the charge of burglary
and larceny. He broke into the real
estate oflxce of John li. Ziedier, on tm
night of September 3d, and rifled th
safe. When the polica arrested him hi
admitted the crime. The defense ii
that.he was made insane by the exces
sive use ol cigarettes.
Perpetual Motion Discovered.
At Logansport, Ind. , S. B. Nickum,
an inventor who has been experiment
ing for seven years, says he has per.
fected perpetual motion. His machine
is sealed in a globe and will last as lorg
as the globe remains intact, he says.
A Long Distance Telephone Talk.
It is believed the long distance tele
phono record has been broken at Galla
tin, Tenn., when John H. Conner,
representative of tho Bell Company,
talked with the operator in Norfolk,
Va. The circuit used rassed tbrougt
Nashville, Evansville, Terro Haute,
Indianapolis, Pittsburg, Philadelphia,
Washington and Richmond to Norfolk,
making fully 1,500 miles.
Money Order Postolllcos.
About 1,100 rostoflices throughou
the country were assigned to the money
order class on the 3d. This makes ap
proximately 25,000 postoffices at which
monev orders may bo obtained oi
cashed. '
A New Silk Manufactory
A movement has been started at New
port News, Va., towards the establish
mnt of a manufactory for making the
raw material of silk, as it arrives in this
country, into silk yarn. It is proposed
to invest 875,000 and to employ abou
150 expert operatives.
Murdered Sister and Mother.
William Foley, on trial at Liberty
TTn . for the murder of hia mother anil
Bister, was found guilty and sentenced
to be hanged, Jrriday. ireb.
Sntifi in the Food.
Sand is no substitute for gravel, and
the mixing of sand in the poultry food
is useless. When coarse grit is swal
lowed by the fowl it is voided before
it becomes as fine as sand. Grit pro
vides the mechanical appliances for
grinding the food in the gizzard. It
really cuts the food, hence tho sharper
the edges tho more it is preferred by
poultry. When grit becomes worn
until round and smooth it is passed
on as useless. In usiuc crit. there-
fore, endeavor to secure that which is
hard and sharp. Sand is of no alue
whatever ns grit.
Tho chestnut, black walnut, butter-
. ... -
nut, shellbark, hickory aud Japan
walnut may all be grown in your vi
cinity. There are no varieties oticred
of the butternut and black walnut and
Japan walnut, aud yet some improve
ment on the ordinary form can be had
by planting only nuts from trees
beat-ins choice fruits. Of the chest
nuts there are many varieties, some of
which had originated from our native
chestnuts, and others from the Euro-
pean and. Japanese forms. Seedlings
from our best native sorts have gen
erally proven most profitable in culti
vation, though the nuts may not bo as
large as the grafted kinds. Among
the best of the foreign kinds, aud per
haps of all named sorts, is the Par
agon chestnut. Ihcre arc several va
rieties of tho shellbark hickory, but
they are propagated with so much un
certainty that they aro very difficult
to obtain. Among tho best is 11 ale s
paper-shell hickory, which has been
rro!i!?atcd in a small way. The
chestnut undoubtedly promises better
returns in cultivation than any other
of our cultivated nuts. Farm News,
Totatoe. KotHn In CtUr,
. . , , rr.ttincr
There is a great deal of rotting
among potatoes, aud yours rot prob-
iiblv all the worse becauso kept in a
cellar where the tempcroture is sure
to be too warm, says the Boston Cul
tivator to a correspondent in Pawlet,
Vt. The bulk of the crop where many
potatoes are grown should be stored
in pits, and some lime sprinkled over
them as they are put in. Hie lime
dries the moisture and prevents the
spread of rot should it begin. We
think that rot in potatoes is due to a
deficiency of carbon in the tuber ow
ing either to disease of the vino and
leaves or their destruction by the po
tato beetle. The sap goes from root
to leaf, where, if the leaf be whole and
healthy, it is filled with carbon from
the carbonic acid gas which tho leaf
has absorbed from the air, and this is
what makes the starch of tho tuber.
if the sap is not charged with carbon
bv the leaves, it makes the potato
watery aud waxy. It is then easily
41io i-iMiin nf tllP KllnrpS which ill flUV
iu i . v. v . - i - - -
lam m-ndneed in
abundance aud which cause rot. There
; or Iia iintntnp will
not rot. But lime spread over them production of better and more whole
corrects the deficiencies of the potato some pork, it n certainly of tho lust
so far as it can reach its juices. Jt is
possibly this as much as its drying ef
fects which checks the spread of rot.
Poor Fnot Mak Poor Munnrr.
There are a few points of prime ini-
.-n..4 n n in 4llA llVl 111 11 O 1 lt Tl (if 1111111-
iiunaiivu iuw ... v.-.... w .
ures, and the experience ot scientinc
investigators is free to all who care to
i w T,,Af 1,t. 1ia
nuality of tho manure will depend
- . m . a m -
'Mill. ii r iii i.uv v i'v- "-- - -
upon the character ol the iecd. i oor
food makes poor manure and vice
versa. There is no magic in nature,
phe is a very strict accountant, and
just to give for value received. But it
often will happen that the feed given
to stock does not cost either in pro
portion to its feeding value nor in pro-
portion to the value of manure pro-
duced. A relatively poor feed in
these respects may be high in price,
nrliilft that feed which is rich may be
bought low. Few would believe that
a ton of good clover hay is a more val
uable feed for some stock and produces
more valuable manure than a ton of
corn. And yet the experimenters so
The elements of prime importance
in manure are nitrogen, phosphoric
acid and potash, and if the feed con
tains these constituents in good meas
ure the excrements will contain them
to almost the same extent. For it is
quite well settled that from (53 to 'JO
per cent, of these constituents aro re
covered in the excrements. Hence,
if we feed stuff that is rich in these
elements the manures resulting will
also be rich. Readers of the Epito
mist doubtless know that tho follow
ing common foods contain these ele
ments in large measure and in the
order mentioned: Cotton cake, lin
seed meal, peas, beans, bran, oats,
clover hay, and these feeds will give
the richest mauures. It is not claimed
that these feed stuffs are better than
corn for fattening purposes, but first
that they yield the richest manures
and second that they supply tho ele
ments especially necessary for all
growing stock. Hence, it is good
policy sometimes to sell corn and buy
bran. There are seasons of the year
when bran ic &fcljV iu car Ivts, as
low as timothy hay, while the bran is
almost twice an valuable for feed and
manure as the hay. SometiiutK mo
can sell timothy bay and clover hny
to advantage. A little dear kuowlelgo
and thought are an important to tho
farmer as to the banker. Of Hoouritie
whose safety i undoubted it need
but a little in the life and iucome 'f
the paper t determine which th
banker will buy. And why tdiould not
a farmer buy and s-ll with much
intelligence ns a bunker? The Epi
tomit. Onl-ilnor lo uring "f .'wl"'.
There are great advantages in rain 1
iug ewinrt in open hU or lb-Id over
that of in pens or other close confine
ment. Pure air and the exorcise thnt
can here be taken, help to make pure
blood, which in the course of naturo
builds tip healthy bodies. However,
pigs thus reared with a free run and
plenty or exercise woum hot uo p
likely to utiow so wen at me lane, mm
. ..... i . i
would likely be paci over ny noui
judges and people, simply because it
I. . t'.;i 1 1 ... 4
has become the prevailing idea that
only the great, gross, h'lpless pig is
the model of improvement. Of courso
such pies are well adapted to fill laid
cans, but not so likely the larder with
good, helthy pork or baron.
Pigs which arc reared iu open pas
tures arc most likely to be well de-
velopcd, any way, much nioio so tnnn
those reared inclose confinement; they
have good appetites, promoted by
mm. m III
fresh air, and exercise. hence they will
eat a great variety of food, and bettor
digest it than when confined in pons.
Also a great saving is made by it, for
they will consume all the reused
fruits, roots, aud all kinds of vege
tables, and thescr serve to stimnlato
their appetites and inako them glow.
By extending tho root patch, and
planting the lodder corn thinner, so
that souio corn will form on it, and by
having a little clover lot from which
to cut soiling feed, the number of pig
innv bo lnoitortionallv increased. And
a very great advantage whorn it can
be had, is a clover fi jhl for the pigs t.
j i j . . . .
run on, both as n matter ol nennu ana
economy, as they will keep in goon
condition, and grow rapidly thereon,
with but little other food.
Where they can be had, there should
be three pastures or range.- for hugs,
one for the dry sow a and storo hogv
one for the sows which are Buckling
pigs, and one for tho young pigs when
weaned. With such arrangement the
most economic management nuy bd
had. Dry sows aud shoals or store
pigs need but little, if any otlier food
than the pasture affords -especially if
of clover while the sow's suckling
pigs require pasture and aome feeding,
and the pigs when three or four weeks
old aso need extra food. There should
also be had a pen into which tho pigs
could slip, that they may bo fed to
themsehes. The extra or third pas
ture mentioned, if connected with tho
one in which the suckling sows run, is
the place to feed the sneUinR pigs,
and if older pigs run in hr re, open
should be built to feed them in; thou
when weaning time cornea they will
be accustomed to the place, and it will
be an easv matter to shut tlietn into
t . .
this pasture for extra feeding.
Altogether for the in.prrm ineut m
the condition and health of tiwine, tht
importance to keep them as much as
possible out on the broad, airy pas
tures. It does not take m any genera
tions of confinement and lack of suc
culent food, with excessive fatness as
is produced from corn feeding, to
lnpnk down and destiov tint vilsl en-
i ... '11
" "J " i
of swine, as is attested where confine-
nient andhiL'h feeding has byen the
rule. J. T. Baird.
Poultry .
Tut the growth on tho chicks before
freezing weather comes, for then It
will take more feed and the chicks will
stop growing.
The duck is what we call a "water
fowl," and yet Mr. Rankin, the noted
poultrymau of the cast, raised duck
witb only enough water for drinking
Do not feed heavy ono day and
light the next, but give the poultry
just as much as they need and no
more; and give it to them at regular
times each day.
Keep as many fowls on the farm a
you can properly care for. There is
no danger of the murket becoming
overstocked aud having to sell poultry
and eggs below the cost of raiding.
To keep fowls free from vermin and
disease needs onstaut attention and a
good deal of dirty and disagrccablo
work. But you cannot expert to suc
ceed unless you give theni this atten
tion. Floorless houses, well sanded, per
mits tho hen to "kill time," and to
secure exercise, by scratching, and if
tho foundations are well built with
stone no refuge is afforded for rata aud
Warm, substantial henhouses that
do not have to bn artificially bested
mean a saving in feed and an increaso
in eggs. Houses thnt aro neither
wind nor weather proof are a source
of continual loss. Fowls lose their
natural hardiness and xigor when win
tered in artificially heated house.
Build them a warm as boards, lath,
plaster and paper can make them, and
if possible located iu a thelteicd pot,
. t
.1 .
' I
i A.

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