North Carolina Newspapers

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PHONES N-7121 J-7t71
By Dr. OlurlM Stelxlo
It it geaerally oasumed by s(Hne
otherwise informed Amerio»n«
that the progre*« of the progreti
a» BOf«nd cli
under the
Act of March Srd. 1879,
WILLIAM A. TUCK, M.natin, Editor
m«tcr at the Poat Ufiee at Durham. N. C of the Negro rae® in the United
States begran at zero on January
1, 1863, wh«B PrMideoi Lincoln'a
Emancipatioa Proclanuition be-
I came efleeiiv*. It ie true that more
than four milion slavee started
from acratch at that time, but
nearly half a million Negroes were
already free, many having pur
chased freedom through their own
WTien the Civil Waf began,
g»at numbers of Negroe* had
alredy become skilled workers,
and while undoubtedy many owed
their training to an African
background, wliere for centuriee
mnny of their forefathers were
skilled artiuins.
It abe seems c^Tioos and logioal
that tkere is not a white family
in the United States that would
fivs the Spells a job. Therefore,
tjie ^:>elk May be forced to
change their name.
It ia to be hoped that Spell’s
exonerations will have the effeet
of staying any contemplated dis
missals of colored domeBties by
excitable white employer*. In
the words of one of the • juro«,
former Deputy Sheriflf John Bdyl#
“THIS MAN IS innocent I”
Your Insurance
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: $2.00—Y«w, $1.>3—• Month*.
The Platform of .
Eqnal Balaries for Negro Teachers.
Negro policemen.
Negro jurymen.
Eqsal educational opportanltiea.
Higher wages for domestic senrants.
Full participation of Negroes in all branches of the
National defense.
Abolishment of the double^tandard wage scale
in industry.
Greater participation of Negroes in political affairs.
Better housing for Negroes.
Negro representation in city» oponty, state and na>
tional governments.
Questions and Answers
The publication of the bene
fits of th« National Service
Life Insurance evokM consid*
erable comment, and no few
questions. For further clari
fication, here are some of the
queries and the answers . . .
What is your question?
fci music they made a distinct This is a reminder that a 120-
oontribution to American life-day-time limit has been imposed
In religion, they sawyed their on applications for the Nation-
of millions. As humble works on al Service Life Insurance. Ap-
farms and pianlations they made plicttions will not be considered
possible the dominance of the after a lapse of this time.
South in the production of of As the Act was signed by the
tobacco, rioe, sugar, and cotton, President on Octoter 8, 1940,
then the time limit for those
whcTWere in the service on that
date vdll expire on February 8,
aibout service in
to say northing
other fields.
Their devotion to America as
soldiers has been shown in every
conflict in which our country has j Those who entered the service
been engaged. During the first since October 8, 1940, or who
world war, 380,000 N^oes en- pay subsequently enter it, will
rolled for service, and they the have 120 days from date of en-
first to get into action. And while try in which to apply,
hundreds of Americans were ac-1 Q—^Are extra premiums cha^-
cused of disloyalty, it is said that. ed to cover thre hazards of fcvia-
there wasn't a single Negro a-|tion?
mong the number. | ^—No, The premium charge
And what may be said about same for all branches of
those who, in spite of prejudice’^^® service,
Q—^^re Reserves on active du-
end opposition have exoelled as
! IK)et8, teachers, Journalist^, actors . . j * * i, •
Follow peace with all men, and holiness jartisans, physicians, bankers, busi ® ^ ® ®
'nessmen, scientists and in many, * •« ^ •j.u
•'I A—Yes, if they comply with
other occupations. Given the same ., - i*
. j , - the 120-day time limit for apph-
opportunities enjoyed by others,
hosts of Negroes would today be; ' « « «
in the front ranks among the peo veteran's policy ma
ple of our country. Sooner or tures and he receives face value
larter the people of thig country it, be in-
. -. without which no man shall see the
Lord.’—Hebrews, xii., 14.
The continuous and steady growth pf Negro b^i
iness, edu-
cationi^and religious institutions in Durhamt-*w^believe, will ^will realize the unfairness of the cltid^
outstrip that of any other city in the United States. State- ba,rriers which stand in the wayj A—It ttitlst'lie reported as in-
ments and recent reports show all major businesses in this city of the Negroes of America, and come for tax purposes, but the
to be in a healthy condition and possessing growing pains.
Hence it is with pardonable pride that we hold Durham up as
an example of Negro cooperation that is worthy of emulation
by other cities.
Standing second in line is Chicago with its many Negro
business enterprises that have been built, kept going and grow
ing because Negroes co-operate. Chicago possibly has more
Negro businesses, and exhibits a greater amount of racial co
operation than any other city in the United States. Chicago
only has more Negro business enterprises, we feel, because
Qiicago is a larger city and has many more Negroes than Dur
By Miss Bessie iE. Mclntyr*
1. Jbe Louis, heavyweight
boxing champion of the world
has scored another victory for
our racial uplift?
I 2. Booker T. Washington was
^the first Negro to have his pic
ture appear on a postage stamp?
^ 3. George W. Carver, world
famed scientist, has obtained a
number of prducts from the
I 4. Tho famous Mill Brothers
Quartet has two headline shovra
with a salary reported to be
seven hundred dollars a week?
per acre was
one bushel undee
“Tar Heel farmers harv'ested
2.418.000 acres of com for oil
I purposes last year," Wemon said,
I “Of the aibove total acre^^e, 2,
333.000 acro6 or over 96 per cent
was harvested for grain, with
the remaining portion being de
voted to silage and hogging down
and forage.
“The valufe of
crop is estimated
EDITOR’S NOTE: — Thie is
thie fifth of a series of weekly
sumimaries of the activities of
the 1941 Cteneral Assembly.
The ^aflP of the Institute of
Gowemment presents this
service to afford a compneijen-
sive weekly review of legisla
tion introduced or passed by
the 1940 com
at $32,208,000,
a slight decrease compared with
the 1939 value. The price increas
ed from 68 cents in 1939 to 72
c«nts per bushel in 1940.
“There were 31,938,000 bushels
of fcbrti held on North Carolina
farms as of January 1, compared
with '31,808,000 bushels for bhe
corresponding month of last
atives. Another measure propose*
to set up a State Marketing Au
thority, composed of membe-s of
the State Board of Agriculture,
to promote the more" effective Ly l\
marketing of £ami products. The
unemployment compensation law
amendments are designed to ex-
Council of State Governments, tend and revise the provisions of
would send to jail for 10 years r the present law.
Farm Bulletin
fine $10,000, or both, ’ persons in
tentionally destroying or injury-
ing property or failing to note.
RALEIGH — The new annual
issue of “Agi-icultural Statistics”
published by the State Depart
ment of Agriculture to serve as a
Week of February 2-8, 1941
m iWecti^, intentioMly defec- ^ farmers, farm leaders
tive workmanship on a^tdcl^.when \AHDATL Certain Sales of and others in planijing and deter
such actions would delay or inter- an^s^iticates miniflB'.i^-ici^l^u^l pjogreits *
fere wdth defense or wkr prepara Pursuante Thereof in Alatnance off' the presq dnd ^raj;j&ble
1.. M A*—ij validate
tions. The act also provides lesser County. ould
penalties for unlawful entry on “y
land for distribution,
collector ini
the representative in Raleigh,
w hen that time comes they will amount so received Is exempt' AT THE close of its fifth week
be prepared to take their places from tax. A test case was rul- the General Assembly is prepar- ^ o nrn^rtipR ^®unty, and cities and towns nl More than 10,000 copies of the
shoulder to shoulder with all ed on establishing its nontaxa- ing to dig througih an avalanche i countv durin? 1939 1940 and publication have alread;^ been
those who hope and work for the bility. For refeernce, this case of public legislation, including highways, and defines
progress of our great nation.
may be found in the Internal such individual obstaclesis as
the""right« “o‘riabS! pri>^lie7‘l a^icutlural workers
Revenue Bulletin and is known wage-hour, state marketing author jitne^es and the questioning a^ Introduced by el - ^ e
as L T.-3924, Bulletin 1932-2, ity, reapportionment, unemploy SB 90 BURLINGTON “This publication contains in
“AUTHORIZING the City of “ ^^sricultural production
, X i. of all crops and livestock i o r
By L. Baynard WMtoey
measures, ^Burlington to Erect, Either With
North CaroJina’’ Oommiasionei of
W. Kerr Scott ex
plained. “Detailed county data
I oh
page 151. This ruling should ment eompenstion
be cited in making out Federal defense bills.
income tax reports. j »p},g ^jjjy measures of public one vialidating the estaiblishment in or Without the City Limits, a . . ,
Smart neonle rarelv bpcome actually passed dur- and undertakings of housings Municipal Building tor an Audi- ^S^^c^^ure
incensed when nAonln week w«re bills requiring authorities, were presented on torium and for an Armory, and , , w • i?
The .„cce» of Neero bu,i„e», enterprhe, in the«, t,™ cit- , “ «”>' Bond, "and
ies naturally raises several questions. Why have they, above P ^ ® Eleanor Stroubing, ^cases to chai^ the jury that such authorities to engage in slum Said^ity." Would validate and f r f w
al! others, been able to thriv* while similar enterprises in such J*®®® “ Bridgeport, Conn, i» » 4. 4.1. ^^^y ^etider a verdiit in e dearanec and dwelling acc'.moda x>nfi\ proceedings ^i-eady^^®^*^^®^
cities as V/ashington, Atlanta, Winston-Salem, Norfolk and bedded victory for interracial Idegree and Permitting tion projects for persons of low taken
New York have failed? Why are Negroes in Chicago and Dur
ham apparently more conscious, alert and cooperative in the
efforts of their race to forge ahead than they are in other cit
ies? Ft *n whence comes and from whence is maintained this
eooperativ spirit?
It is \ ii,hout pardon, chagrin or shame that we point to the
nnbridled editorial policy of "Negro newspapers of Chicago. Ne-
jrroes in the United States should never forget the fight waged
by the Chicago Whip to focus attention of Negroes on the fact
that they should not spend their money where they cannot
work. & hard and unselfishly did the Whip fight that jt fin
ally succumbed to the wounds received and ceased publication
for lack of appreciation and support from those who had profit
ed most.
The Carolina Times knows something of -the pangs suffered
^ by Bibb Graves and his gallant associates who stood with him in
his noble campaign to awaken race pride in the breast of the
Chicago Negro. Truly it can be said of the Whip that it died
that others might live.
Fortunately the Durham Negro has stood with his local
newspaper through thick and thin. He has not deserted it in
its most trying hours as has been the case in many other cities
where race newspapers have battled to keep the fires of race
“l>ride burning. Had it^not been for the steadfast and undying
' tbpport of a few far-sighted Negroes in Durham the Carolina
Times would have long ago folded up and sung its swan song.
What is needed in many other cities in the United States
^ere Negroes reside in large numbers are newspapers owned
.•-operated and supported by Negroes. They must have a sup-
tbit will permit them to speak without fear or favor. They
jAMt ht able to maintain an editorial policy that will cement
.'Ifcgro taught and build it into a spirit of cooperation. Unless
is done N^rro business will never be able to stem the tide
Strong competition that it is certain to naeet.
Wb^«ver N^rro newspapers exist with a spineless editorial
wherever they have put their own welfare above that of
group, there will be found a non-cooperative atti
_r the part of Negroes in general, there will be found
^ ~ failures, there will be found factions that make
for mass action on any movemnt. The Durham
IPto miAi tt possible for his local newspaper to promote
^ e9op0(ition.
tip tiwt with most democracies is
mujr fitiasi yfiub baiieve they are entitled
■ p._. - >
kcmu^ peace to-9»land, Itidy ejttended a similar
,^ BUMiH>ia and Japan is presenting the boon to Chi-
talk peace and deliver it by swor^
for the Advancement
of Colored
iir« in TTnitiMil —o -- c v.w.i uaReuy^iii aubhoristation of $18, torical infomiation iiioludes statas
StatesirnerfSi fstiidv of the including farmers, au- 000 /Municipal Building Bonds, tics on approximately 50 crops,
distribution system will change cooperation with the fed- $3^00 Airport Bonds, $42,000 with much data for thfe past 30
the opinion. .fauetoand. |eral government in hmisinh park bonds, $40,000 St- yeftrs.”
THE first railroad tunnel in) THE NATNONAL DEFENSE assue safe and sanitray Innprovement Bonds. and $123,000 For the first time, comparative
the United States was constructed Jjilla involved sabotage, housihg, persons engaged in Water Bonds, and sutihorise ly complete information on the
ZZ if Jo^^town, Pennsy- army draftees and wlunteers, and “^tional defend activities An- Board to issue -
Also, it forefully demonstrates aii-w-i, :a fnu- other bill would credit to draftees in accordance
that i white jury of six men «uu
six women of iSberal Northern
background were capable of cl»ar
unprejudiced thinking in an at
mosphere free from race hatred
and /mob spirit.
Elarly in its history, the NAACP
announced that its purpose, often
winning astounding and amazing
triumphs for justice in behalf of
the Negro. The Spell case will go
down in history as a signal vic
However, the prosecuting attor
ney may, under Oonnecticut law,
appeal the case and have Spell
tried over again. If this should
happened and Spell is convicted,
the NAACP would no doubt take
the c^ise to the Supreme Court of
the United States.
Altho insistent is being brought
to bring upon the State by those
dissatisfied with the verdict,
there doubt that the icase will be
appealed; therefore Spell should
soon go forth a free man.
It is reported that Spell and his
wife, Virgu6, plan to go to Louis- '
ana to see Spell’s mother. The
Spells had decided to change their
name in the event of a “guilty”
verdict, but now they ferf it un-
neoessary to do so.
o my miod» these are TWO
The Boutli is aghast, astoaished
and {afuriated over the vardiot.
I believe that if he should attempt
to travel South on a visit to his
mother. Spell would be quietly
■f Ivania, for the Allegheny Portage uniforms. The sabotage measure
“““ J I- ^ 1 .
a uniform bill sponsored by the
An- Board to issue all or any of same number of hogs in eaeh county is
with Municipal included in the publication,
on a new car lieenBe tSie propor- Finance ^nd Local Govenmentl Agricultural Statistics, formerly
tional amount of “Schedule B" li Acts. Introduced by Sanders, known a^ the Far«n Forecaster,
oense ta.T he hiad paid but not HB 209. Public Mebane. I’is a 48 page magazine publication
j “TO PERMIT and Instruct the filled with wealth of information
Otiher defense State Treasurer to Pay Certain that will be useful to agricultural
as well as indus ial interests,”
ton ns
■ .HBNBy
rnoM coRKO^ASOor
I exercised because of his induction
;into armed forces
■bills ■would appropriate $30,000 Bonds and Interest Thereon.”
for uniforming home giiard units Treasurer, upon Auditor’s Avarr-
and authorize the Governor to ant, to pay C. L. Carden, Treasur
form a State Guard to substitute er of A. W. Tinnin Endowment
for the National Guard when the Mount Zion Christian Churdi,
latter is called into active federal Mebane, $2,267.50 in discharge of
service. Individual State Girard burned bonds, one a four per
members would not be exempt cent registered highway bond, the
from f^eral service, and the or- other a four per cent State re-
ganization would be disbanded gistered bond. Introduced by Sell-
upon the National Guard’s return, ars February 7
A STATE WAGE-HOUR BILL| ’ C^endar Action
much nearer to federal standards ,Statug of Bills as of Feb. 8
(than ttie impending Wage and! HB 165. Alamance Tax S^les
Hour Coromission’s majority and ygiid^iton—In Senate Judiciary
minority reports, was offered by 2, SB 90, Buj-ling Auditorium
Commissioner Scott added.
At a recent meeting, of the
New York Railroad Club, Freder
ick A. Stephenson, vice president
of the American Car and Foundry
Company, explained how his
company tackled the job of
building 12-ton combat tanks for
the Army, under a contract to
begin delivery in two hundred
Senator Gregory. Minimum wage.? in Senate Finance Committee, Hb '^^^®’
of 25c and maximum houm of 44 209 Tinni Endowment Bonds—In
per week would be preecribed for House Appropriations Committee.
the first year*, a 30c p«r hour|
minimum for the next six years,
with 40c per hour from the on;
42 hours maximum, for the second
year, with 40 houra thereafter.
The a«t creates a Wage and Hour
Bureau in the Department of La
bor, to be ajDpointed by CommiiB®-
ioner of Labor, and specifies non 1940 crop of
interference with labor’s right to ttie Stats’s 100
collective bargwining.
beaten by sixteen days.
Mr. Stephensdn said that after
his company got the contract, it
discovered that the necessary case
hardened, armor plate could not
be obtained in the market. Con
sequently, the company decided to
make its own plate although warn
ed that it would . require two
North Carolina’ii years to learn the process. w
corn, gromi in allj The arnior-plate plant was buik
counties, totaled and completely equipped in four
44,733,000 bushels or six per cent months and norw the company is
Corn Production
Under 1939 Crop
L'mtP AS « coveKiN6 fou
REPRESENTATIVE LeGRAND under 1939, W. T. Wesson, junior selling armor plate to other man
of New Hanover sponsored a bill statisticians of the State Depart-I'^t’iO'turers, who need it for defense
calling for the submission of a ment of Agriculture reported to- orders. Meanwhile, the railroad
constitutional amendment at the day. car building company proceeded
next general Section to Hmit the The State’s com crop ranked with its tank building undertak-
representation of any single 10th in tJie United States in total ing and accomplished ’ what every,
county in tihe General Assembly production. The yield of 18.5^one was saying could not be done,
to one senator and three represent bushels per acre was one bushel -t"

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