North Carolina Newspapers

Mitchell Wins Suit Against
H^feUTHllblBRI^E Pj'i
Volume Twenty-two
Durham, North Carolina, Saurday, May 3, 1941
Number ^fVenty-three
Harris Victitr In Charlotte Primary
High Court Rules
Equal Facilities
Negro Travelers
Race Candidate In
In Charlotte Wages
Hot Contest For Seat
C^lina Tlmjes’ Public Relation Director, C. A. Irvin is
8how;n Above deliverinsr an ad^sa Sunday, over radio station
W^I&NC, j^rQihoting his newspaper’s anti-crime campaigrn.
^' lit a letter i^dressed to the ^ii^toi* the cam^ignt
P. Ix. .Fowler, American Tobacco Company official, said:
‘T have noticed in the last several issues of youi* paper that
you are campaisrning vigorously Against crime in Durham. I
think your program should have tlie sunwrt of every good
dtlMtf.”' . ’
The servioes of Mt. Irvin, a keen observer of employer*
emi^^ee xelationships are beings widely sought by industrial
ists ihroughout the South.
L. P. Harris, rising Charlotte
Attorney, and race candidate
for the Board of Education of
that city, sN^ored a triumph in
the recent Queen City Primary
^ection. Harris, who polled 2,-
votes rode to vitcory on the
wwgs of the largest colored pri-
miry vote in the city's annals.
Th^ Queen City now boasts of
an estimated. 4,000 colored vot-
«rs, whose support is virtually
assured the candidate in
jbh.e election.
L. P..
in Laurin^rtt couiity seat of
ScbtMnd coiinl^, N. G. Qe at
tended the public aehool there.
He is a graduate of Johnson C.
Smith University, and Law
School of Howard University,
Washin^on, D. C. Has been
a practicing attorney-at-law in
the Charlotte for 7 years, and a
resident here for 15 years.
Mr. Harris is District Deputy
of Elks of N. C., I. a P. O.E.
of W. ,a member of the Knights
of Pythians-, Odd Fellows and
Grand Attorney for both orders,
and a member of the American
Woodmen. He is also a church
worker, deacon and assistant
secretary of 7th street Presby
terian church, member colored
Branch YBfCA, Board ef Man
agement, also belonging to the
Omega PsI Phf Fraternity.
Baby Comes First... War Or Peace
Chicago — The award of 64
fellowships totaling $100,000 was
announced Wednesday by Edwin
R. Embree, preaident of the
Julias Bosenwald fund. The fel
lows include 40 Negroes and 24
white southerners, selected for
their scholarship and special tal
ent from over 500 applicants. The
awarded are made in two categor
ies; to Negroes in any field and
from any part of .the United
States, and to white Southerners
who w'ish to work on some pro
blem distinctive to the South,
and who expect to make their
careers in that region. The fellow
ships average $1,500.
The Julius Rosenwald fund has
been granting fellowships fot 12^
years. Among the many notable
fellows of earlier years are Mar
ian Anderson, contralto, Kather
ine Dunham, dancer, William
Grant Still, composer, Charles S.
JohnaoQ, social, Augusta S«yage
souiptors, W. E. B. DuBois and
the late James Weldon Johnson,
Upder the prSae^ fellowship
program awards made once
each year -by - a ^mmittee on
fellowships cohsisting of Will W.
Alexander, adviser to the Coun
cil on National Defense, Charles
S. Johnson of Fisk univeisity,
Henry Allien Moe, secretary of
the John Simon Guggenheim
Memorial foundation; Raymond
R. Paty, president of Birming-
ham-S6uthern college; Robert C.
Weaver, administi^ative assistant
Office of Production Management,
Edwin R. Embree, president of
the Julius Rosenwald Fund, and
Geoi^e M. Reynolds, director for
The 1941 fellows will work on
projects in a variety of fieldis,
ranging from southern agricul
ture and South American forests'
to a study of the Spanish-speak
ing settlements of Delacroix is
land of Louisiana and the paint
ing of scertes the Southwest. In
iddition to fellowships in the
aeademic fields, three awards
were made in art, three in crea
tive writing, and one in music.
Negro«i who received fellow
ships are:
Charles Henry Alston, New
York City: for creative work in
paii^flnng and ths graphic arl|?.
R^ppoTntmedt. y-
Thomaa Henry Bembry, head of
the department of chemi«tryi
Livingstone college, North Caro
lina for studies in chemistry, at
(Continued bn page seven)
CBS To Broadcast
Mrs. Roosevelt’s
Message to Negroes
New York — Columbia listen
ers will hear the First Lady
tw'ice within a week in broad
casts from two important events
at Chicago and Washington.
On fthe first of these, Wed
nesday, May 7, Mrs. Roosevelt is
to be hea^ in an address con
nected with the dedication of
the Negro ^ Art Center in the
Illinois I metropolis. The program
will originate at the South Side
Community Art Cemter, 3031
South Miohigan Avenue, Chic
ago. (WABC-CBS, 4:45 to 5:00
PM, EDST). :' ;'
She will be presented by Dr.
Alaine Locke, professor of phil
osophy at Howard University,
important Nsgro institution in
Washington, and author of "The
Negro in Art,”, a recently pub
lished work.
Six days later on Tuesday,
May 13, Mrs. Boosevelt will
speak from the studios of WJ8V
Columbia’s station for the na
tion’s capital, on , '^Today’s
Challenge to the Youth of
America.” (WABC-CBS, 10:15
to 10:30 PM, EDST).
Mrs. Roosevelt is to speak
under joint auspices of the Col
lege Division of ' the Committee
(Continued on page seiv^n)
S(^ For E^t^
Washington — The Supreme , *44-^
Court held w«#k that Ne-{AllMS
groes trareliag frcm pae atat« to
another ar» entitMi to zailroad
aaeoaunadatid^ ■ eipart to tiu>ee | ^
s.«-FfBe86f. May 6th
deUta»«d lha 4minom
on a test ea»« btoci|^t
presentAtive Arthtt W. Xitehdl
Demooikt, of ’Iliinote, ’ Ilia only
Neg^o- membeir of Congress. No
dissent was announced. /
Henry Moss, Jr., son of Blr. and Mrs. Henry Moss, Monroe, N. C., wlio was chosen by
the Negro Baby Health Week CiHnmittee, which was sponsored by The Carolina Times* as the
healthiest and cutiest baby of the many entries sent in to the Contest editors.
Houston May, Haye
More Negro Police
Houston — Chief of Police Ray
Ashworth, recent appointee here,
told members of an interracial
committee of the chilmber of
commerce this week that the
force of Negro policemen in the
city will likely be increased in
the future. Tlie committee had
indicated at other meetings that
more were", needed.
Appointments to the force, whe
ther white or black, will be made
from civil service lists, Chief
Ashworth stated. “I am confid
ent that no inquiry will show any
item of mistreatment of Negroes
by me or my department,” the
schief stated.
Strange Illness In
S. C. Family, Puzzles
Coroner and Doctor
Chester, S. C. — A strange iH
ness which developed at the home
of Walker Land, farer, oausiog
the death of one of his family and
the serious ilnness of five others
is beng investigated by Coroner
Lewis H. Miller. The child who
died was George Land, Jr., three
an -orphan who lived with the
The malady affecting the house
hold causing their legs to become
tlseless, is similar to “Jake Poi
soning” o£ prohibition days. Of
the five who are ill, the mother’s
^onditipn is most serious. She
has been running a temperature
of 105. Four other members in-
clding the father did not become
ill. ' ,
A postmortem, held by the
ironer Saturday night .at the
funeral parlor, was attended ly
Dr. Geforge A. Henniea, Chester
county's official physician; Dr.
Daniels of the state health de
partment of Columbia; Dr. Chance
Dr. A. C. Lyles and Doctor J. S.
Allen, all of Chester. It was de
cided to seifd the child ”s stomach
to Charleston for a chemical
Illness followed a night meal
at which only bread made of home
grown wheat wa s»ervtd, along
with millc. Just what caused the
malady is still puzzling m^ical
Senator Rebuke
Naval Academy
Officials For Bias
Washington — A letter to U.
S. Naval academy r^ovii^t the
institute for its atittude on the
recent debate with Han'ard over
the participaion of a Negro ath
lete in one of the contest was
sent by Rep. Robert W. Kean of
New Jersey and read in to the
Congressional Record on Wedoes
day. Said Rep. Kean:
My dear Admiral Wilswi:
“I note in the enclosed artiela
which appeared in the Newark
Evening News, of April 20, that
the lacrosse team of the navid
academy refused to take the field
against Harvard when one of the
members of the Harvard team
was a Negro. I cannot understand
such as unAmeican attita^ by
the authorities of the academy.
“A t a time when we are con
scripting into the armed fcreea
of the United States all boY« of
military age, without r^ard- to
creed or color, whetf many Nqpro
young men are volunteering their
services to die if necessary ia de-
(CoQtinaad os uage food
(I^ Smmmmi WnUummm}
The Committee on N^tfo Af
fairs announces this week that
in the city electioa to be hdd
^ . . . . . . , , her* next Tuesday. May. 6, that
Miteh«ll contended tlwt he hsd provide the Negio .voters
«n “forciblv •eiect«d’» from Durham with aw»rov€d and
Qualified workers, as well aa
automobiles for the purpdae of
conveying them to the polls.
■ The- Committee hopes that ei^-
«ry Negro who has registered
will avail himself of the o{^>o^
tuiiity of easting his ballot far
candidate of hia choice. TK«
Gttf^as^ttee wishes also to wms
all Hiegio voters against tb*
evil practice of certain polikieid
work^. who in every electkifk
tbemselves to see how
much money they can fleeM
from the pockets of all candE^
dates for s^ish reasons rather
than for the good of the ram
and the community.
Cars operated by workers irira
have been ^proved the cook*
mittee On N^rro Affairs will
have sufficient labels so tlng^
may be easily identified by vot
ers who do not have meana of
transportation to the poUa.
A check-up diselosea thiik
many workers, not aM>roiei
by the Committee have solicit^
and received funds f^om caadl-
dates riuming for the saoM
place on the C^ty Council.
The r^ord of the Durham
I CcMnmittea (hi Negro Affainm
representing all Negro citiaa—
ia of unquesti^maUe charaeilar
and is deserving of the su^povt
of all Negro eiiiauis of" Doi^«
hmm. At its meetii^ heM
ry Thursday at the
Tennis Club, ti^^ of intiifwtt
to Negroesk mtm dieewei.
been “forcibly ’ejectad’*^ from
Pullp^h*iar in Arkaste,. while
trareling* froih * Chicago ' to' Hot
Sprii]^* in 109^ .tad'had be^a
compelled ta cQUfileU
ney^ a ^ wilh
iH3C(wd ; c^asa j!£c(»amodia^pc3.
,“Thii%" Joatiee Edghes as
serted. ‘■‘iraa* Diamfestl^ a dl]^
criminatidn agai^. hipi'in t|ic
eounii >afhi* iaterataitt
and’-'aduifttedfy? disfi|!-
axinatien* waa 4mi^ aolcy apoa
the l^t'ha was a 'Nt|^ - '
The quMtion wketW this
waa;a dieuia)tnati9a ' fqrbiddea
by the InteMtata aommeref a^t
isinot a qi^tiou of aefprcgatioD,
but one of equality , of treats
ment. Th« d«aii*l to appellant
(Mitchell) of aqoaiity of ae-
commodations beeatise of his
raee would be an iataaion of a)
fundamental iadividaal right'
which is guarantee against
state aeiioB by fh« Fourteenth
Amendment, and in view of the
nature t&a r^hi and of our
Coaistitutional poliey it cannot
be maintained that the discri
mination as it waa alleged w«s
not essentially unjast.”
The Chief Joatiee said that
btcause s^r^'egati^ waa not in
volved the eourt had no oeeaa-
ion to consider the qaasti«n dia
eueeed by the attoraqra genual
of ten state' in a b(^ filed witht
the Supreme Coart.
*nie loief eont«eidad that the
litigatioa did sot involve eoa-
atitationaUty of tha Azkaaaaa
a^parata eomeh law aa applaad
to intexaiale eonaana. Oeta «£
the alkate wm Ai^anaaa; fha
otiiera, a^ iudiag ,sia^li«r
and Tttgina. Safiaf
kgisi^oa *‘tooali«a *
of aofljit
^tate ad#adT ^
weca teaaa>gi
ef paMa^aag tha
bxb- paaaa aad
paoi>lfl of ^
Tl» iMtinpte «t tti

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