North Carolina Newspapers

    TAliK TWO
PHONES N-7121 *r J-7871
S^iered as Mcond class matei at the Post Ofice at Durham, N. 0.
under the Act of March Srd, 1879.
tWnJJAM A. TUCK. Managiiag Editor
S. & WlLLLUttON, News Editor
SUBSCRIPTION RATES: $2.00—Year, $1.2S—6
The Platform of .
Equal salaries for N^ro Teachers.
Nerro policeaen.
Ne^ro jurymen.
Equal educational opportunities.
Hiirher wafe;^ fmr domestic servants.
Full participation of Negroes in alh branches of the
National defense. f
Abolishment of the double-standard wagre scale
in industry.
Greater participation of Neiproes in political affairs.
Better bonsins for Negroes.
Negro representation in city, county, state and na
tional governments.
What Others
EDITORIAL appearing in
Nortii OaroUna, l^day Mornini;
May 16. 1941.
There must be very few Demo
crat* in North Carolina who aro
not interested in the present in
creasingly lively fight between
formr Governor Clyde R. Hoey
and Riehard J. Reynolds for the
]>08ition of Democratic comiuittee-
nian from North Carlina. And
every Democrat has a right to
suppport either one of these gentle
mnn, including The Charlotte Ob
server, which is all-out for Hoey.
The New and Observer, which re
gards both gentlemen as qualified
For a long number of years Winston-Salem was known as
& city with one of the highest crime rates of any in the na
tion for its size. This unenviable jposition has recently been
taken over by Durham and Charlotte with killings among Ne-
int>^ in both of the latter cities becoming almost appalling.
; •.'II-V/ *
A receftt investigCtion into the reduction of crime in Win'
ston-Salem, over a given period, discloses that what is be
lieved to have piajwd an important part in the lessening of
crime in that city, was the establishment of a juvenile deten
tion home for Negro boys. Instead of placing Negro boys
in prisons with older ai^d often hardened criminals, Winston-
Salem placed these youths in an institution where they not only
received literary teaching, but industrial training as well.
Due to facilities of a similar nature offered by the Morri'
son Training School at Hoffman, the state institution for
Negro boys, the detention home in Winston-Salem was finally
closed and its delinquent youths sent to Hoffman wiiere the
city's quota was soon reached, the institution becoming over
run with^inmates from all over the state. Since that time the
city has been trying to solve its problem of delinquent youths
by placing them in private homes, which has not always prov-
•d effective.
In order that Winston-Salem may continue to maintain its
decrease in crime, which is in keeping with the program re
cently launched by The Carolina Times to halt the rapid rise
of crime in Durham and Charlotte, we would like to suggest
that Winston-Salem reopen its detention home, lest it again
forge to the front rank among crime - breeding cities of the
etate and nation.
We would like to suggest also that other cities in North
Carolina follow, in the same path, and that in keeping with
modem methods, the homes be known as Juvenile Halls,
Boys’ Clubk or some other name which will not stigmatize them
■s a detention home.
In Los Angeles, California, there is such a home that
feares for about 5,000 boys and girls annually. The place, ’we
are told, is a beautiful group of buildings, with extensive
lawns, flowers and playgrounds. "Nothing about it suggests
a juvenile jail,” There are home-like, friendly living rooms with
fire places, games, books and other things of interest to youths.
"All children are admitted through the hospital with a pe
riod of careful diagnosis, follovwed if necessary by treatment.
For those who need it a thorough psychiatric study is made,
aided by the probation officer’s investigation of the home and
faunily. Thus the girls’ referee, when she comes to decide
wfaat shall be done about Maria Mendoza, for instance, who
St fifteen has been having temper tantrums, running out at
aigbt against her mother's authority, and failing completely
at school—the referee will know whether Maria is a tM>rmal
child, mishandled at home and misunderstood at school, or
whether she is suffering from mental and emotional disturb-
aoees which call for expert care."
Past experience hat shown that with the proper manage-
nont such ^mes can be made almost self-sustaining by direct-
imr the efforts of the ihmates in productive channels such as
iSuming. gardening, bricklaying, shoe-making, carpentry and
Htber useful vocations.
We think that Charlotte, Winston-Salem. Durham, and
other Urge cities of North Carolina possess enough broad-
■nfiiAJ and thouirbtful citizens of both t«ces itt seek out any
—thodi bgr which youths of all races may be given an oppor>
iKttHy to become useful citizens of our great state.
We are firm faelievfrs in t^ idea, that a majority of crimes
ean be prevented if the i»«pc^ start i« given the child, instead
pf trying to rtOfi him after he is set in his way. Consequently,
we urge for Negro youths the establishment of the type of
mentioned above instead of sending them to our pri-
well as an individual respoiiiibi-
“The Highway Safety Division
ii not in a position to carry on
Muttained safety activity in any
oue city or county. We can only
inatigate »uch activity. Local
iudividuals, agencies and organiza
lions must carry it on. We can a«t
a.s a spark plug, but the fuel to
keep the engine running must
couie from local soui'ces.
“We try to supply tested ideas
materials and iudpiration for
activity, but the actual work, or
the major part of it, must come
from local people. That, I think,
is as it should be. The people of
every section thould bo vitally
uoncerned Qver th^ir own accident
problemi and should be williug to
expend some eliort to help stem
the unnecessary slaughter of their
fellow human beings.”
“They can feel free to call on
us for 'afl poHiible assistance in
The Right Of The
for the post, is nofr planning to
get n any row with The Observer ‘‘«>»''ing these problems," be Jfdded.
about its preference. Governor
Hoey is undoubtedly an experi
enced politician who could give
seasoned counFcl on the connnitee
Mr. Reynolds, a« treasurer of the
Kntional Committee now and as
consistent supporter of the Presi
dent, may match that expeinence
with superior fualifications to co
operate on the committee for the
benefit of North Carolina Derao-
sracy. Those facts lead this paper
to ditsent from the statement of
The Observer that Mr. Reynolds’
candidacy is "almost offensively
Any Democrat in North Caro-
Ina has a right to seek selection
for this pof't without doing any
thing “offensive’' to anybody and
the suggestion that it is offensive
for Mr. Reynolds, to run against
a candidate who is a fo/mer
Governor supported by the pre
sent Governor, is absurd. Dick
Reynolds has as much right to run
tp Clyde Hoey and Clyde Hoey
has no more right to run than
Dick Reynolds. When the time
By Bath Taylor
From the beginning of time
the favorite alibi of a man, a na
tion or a race, for going astray
has been the defection of the
leader. He was the one to blame.
His was the sin. The other simply
But that is one alibi that won’t
hold water in a democratic soci
ety. For where the people deter
mine upon their leader—he is
their servant—their representa
Wherever a corrupt or dishon
orable leader is in authority he
stays there with the consent or
through the toleration of those
who placed him in such a position
—or which is most usual, through
their indifference.
, „ i „ i David Harum said, “You can’t
comes in the Democratic party not. „ . . . .
comes 111 wic jjjj honest horse race until
any Democrat who wants to run , . . ,
uiijr xyci u ha\e an noneet human ra^e’^
cannot run for such a party post,
the party may still be named De
mocratic but it will certainly not
be democratic. — The News and
"[ Highway Safety J
Raleigh — Individuals and*" or
ganizations that are anxious to
do more about traffic safety than
merely talk about it should ftet in
touch with the North Carolina
Highway Safety Divition, Ronald
Hocutt, director of that agency,
asserted this week.
“Street and highway safety,”
he said, “is largely a localized
problem, since traffic conditions,
highway hazards and other fac
tors in this complex problem vary
in different sections. We can not
by ourselves solve any comman-
ity’s traffic accident problem, but
we can and will help local au
thorities, interested organizations
and civic minded indivduals to
work out an effective safety pro
gram. Safety is a community as
And you can’t have honest and
honorable leaders unless the hon-
est^and. honoraple people will get
out and put them into power and
held them in every way to ««rry
out their appointed tasks.
The crying need of the world
today is leadership — in interna
tional relations, in national af
fairs, in local offices and in all
branches of our daily life. Good
leaders are hard to fmd because
the task of conscientious, hones]^
objective leadership is a difficult,
thankless one.
As a people we are to apt to
put up with mediocrity rather
than to get out and bestir our
ourselves to find men who can
properly represent us. We are too
easily taken in by a glib tongue
and easy, confident manner.
What we must do is to remem
ber that our leaders represent us
—they are the embodiment of the
principle.s in which we believe.
We must be as sure of their inte
grity in all things as we are of
our OAvn. They must measure up
to our highest standards. Onee
we have found such men we must
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1. What the United Statsis repre
sents: "
I have this country associated
with the word Americanism ra
ther than with the word Demo
cracy. It seems that a country
which has a minority group name
ly, the Negroes, with individuals
who neer become reecj^ized as
worthwhile persons unless they
prove to be geniuses could hardly
be considered a dettocratic coun
try. I think it is more accurate
to say tha{ this country Is one
which practices Americanism. How
ever, this term would seem to be
more satisfying than other ^isms’
We constantly hear about.
It’s no use to discuss the word
Democracy for everybody knows
what a country is supposed to
practice to be considered a coun
try of true Oemocracy. A coun
try which tries to strengthen it
self adequately for an effective
defense and at the same time has
a limit to what Negroes may par
ticipate in to help build up the
defense behaves contrary to de
mocratic principles. A democra
tic country would not retard its
own growth just to have an oppor
tunity to prevent a distinct elan
or group of people from living,
normal, haj^ lives. So one may
rightfully say that the United
States represents Americanism.
II How Americanism affects Ne
gro teachers and indents:
How can Negro teacherrs in
many places adequately train the
children to Become law abiding
citizens when they don’s enjoy the
rights of citizenship themselves f
As everyone knows the major
theme of the educational pro
grams in all onr schools is “Train
ing the Child for Citizenship.”
But the Negroes in many coun
tries in North Carolina don’t vote
and the' teachers are afraid to de
mand that right. Consequently,
the child has no faith in this civic
living and voting that the teacher
is talking about because he knows
that the teacher a ndothe leaders
of his race in thisi particular lo
cality do not vote.
Certain influential persons are
questioning the jWtification of
back them wholeheartedly, in ac
tion as well as in speech—for we
are responsible for them.
If they turn out well, We can
take the credit. If they turn out
badly—there is no alibi, for we
chose them. As long as we toler
ate them we remain responsible.
Let us look to our leaders.
Negro teachers! salaries being
raised to' equal that of white
teaoherp. Negi’o teachers have
never contendeH for equality in
salary as much as thy have con
tended for equality in equipjnent
and buildings. They also question
the quality of ouf work as Negro
teachers. They‘d are wondering if
our attendance and instruction will
equal that of white teachers'. Give
use. equipment and buildings
and we mil prove that Ave teach
cqally as well as white teachers.
We will then be in a better posi
tion to be demand equal p&y. One
writer says:
“Tbs school building and its
equipment are powerful edu
cational controls in the teach
ing and learning process. They
vitally effect the curricnlam,
the teachniqne of teaching and
the> development of child
So if North Sarolina wants to
measure the Negro teachers’ pay
in terms of the quality of work
accomplished, she should elimin
ate the diff'erentail between equip
mat for white and equipment for
colored. If North Carolina does
this, the salary for both races will
automatically become equal.
Ill How to prove the strength of
Democracy. _ _ •! ,
It has been indicated very clear
ly that fifth-columnists and other
anti-American representatives are
at work in this contry. Think of
the larger number of trained Ne
groes who are idle in this country
because they don’t have an equal
chance to do the things they are
capable of doing. They don’t have
the chance to utilize their abili
ties in the strengthening of our na
tional defense as has already been
pointed out. , j.. |
Thisi group may easily become
instruments of fifth columnists
hnd other similar groups in
AmericA. According to history,
underpriviledged groups havt al
ways lined up with what ever
foreesi there were available to de
stroy that government or institu
tion which supprei|ed them. There
are also plenty white people who
doubt the sincerity of Democracy
in America. We read of their op
position in the papers and other
pR^esi. We also hear their speech
es over radios. This is a thing
which America must fear. The
Negro leaders must not wait to
remind our country of this fact.
Now, before the European con
flict has ended, is the time to
press this realization before the
Some of our Negro leaders are
saying that if we don’t get equa
lity before this crisis is tended, it
will be imposeible to gpt it after
wards. I hold that if America
fails to grant equality to her
minority people before this crisis
is over, she shall lose her only
chance to prove the strength of
Democracy. History shows that
the chances of a country to sur
vive in such av catastrophe as this
are very slim when such a coun
try boldly allows conditions to
exist which breed criminals, trai
tors, and the like. We have seen
demonstrations of this things in
fhe rise and fall of the various
nations throughout the world.
The war in Jtt'rica proves that
there are no peoples on earth
truer to the cause of Democracy
than the Negro. Insipite of the
fact that all the Democratic world
looked on the fall of Ethiopia
without offering a helping hand,
the Ethiopians are still battling
against tremendous odds to help
England save democracy for the
world. But man’s human nature
is of such that he will eventually
reject and fight againfit the thing
which continually hold him down.
So the strength of Democracy
in America, after all, depends
upon the kind of example America
will demonstrate with all of its
subjects to the rest of the world.
We must practice the thing we
claim We are defending if W3 ai'e
to survive. I
A V 1 B B E
If inifolty be hi thlse
hand, put it far away,
and let not wickedneaa
dwell la thy takemaelee
For tiien shalt thou
lift up thy face vithont
spot; yea, thou shalt be
stedfaat, and shalt not
fear.—JOB 11:14, 15.
Not many years ago Clarence
Darrow said, “If I were a young
wan graduating from eollegti this
year I would bhuek it all—eommit
suicide. Life isn’t worth living
today.” Since that tragic Kut-
ence was uttered, the world has
dropped several notches lower in
its scale of living and in its in
terpretation of life.
Probabaly half the bousholds
of Europe would say that today’s
brand of life is not worth living.
Soldiers, in their lonely night vi
gils, human eagles with their eyes
scanning the earth for prey, and
sorrowful wive* who from their
cottages lok with terror at sky,
sea, and land all must feel the fu
tility, even the stark tragedy, of
living. H
With mockery that such defeat
should come out of man’s jnater-
ial victories—a orld of mechani
cal perfection and moral disillu-
tionment; a gadget world where
every step is made more comfor
table, and every night more horri
ble;, a world to which the one re
jected Christ of God still says.
“A man's life consisteth not in*
the abundance of the thingst which
he possesseth”
If there ever was a day when
men needed a gospel this is the
day. The word gospel means good
news, and out of aniety and ui^
rest and disillusionment, the
world longs for good news Well,
thank God, there is a gospel to be
proclaimed, and jt begins with an
affirmative answer to our ques
tion, LIFE WORTH iAyiN^I..
Christ lives to give you His
life. It is true He was ^atn on
Calvary, but death could not hold
its victim. Death is the penalty
for sin, and He had never sinned
The death He suffered was due
IS, and takng our sins upon Him,
He died in our place.
There isn’t a broken heart but
can find heuling in Chri»t. There
isn’t a wrccked life but may find
repair and renewal—a new life—
by acceptance of Christ. He will
meet the need of your past sin,
blotting it out. He willt,meet your
present needs. As you trust in
Him any yield to Him He will
carry your through the experi
ences ahead, until one day you
will stand in His very presence.
Yes, with Christ, life here is
worth living, and the end with
Him is life abundant and eter
“The President Has
Reached the Moment
When He Must.. ”
■ !f '
On the third of May, Joseph
Alsop’s and Robert ^intner’s
widely syndicated Washington
column said thisi; “The President
has reached the moment when
he must make the most serious
decision of hia, long career. Withr
in the last fortnight the leading
figures of the Administration and
the most influential military and
naval experts have all but unani
mously eeaaed to hApe Britain can
win . this war without active
American intervention. . The
President must therefore decide
"between war and p^ce for his
It is xtremely signii:\cant that
a good many other W^hington
writers, along with men in high
governmental circles, are making
similar statements. The recent
aggressive f})eech of Secretary
Knox, in which he said, in effect*
that America will fight if and
when national interests make war
advisable, indicates the way the
official wind is, blowing. And
the President went farther than
he has usually gone, in his speech
dedicating Woodrow Wilson’s
birthplace, made on May 4. He
Jiaid, connecting up the present
crisis with that which confronted
\\ ilson in 1917, that this county
would fight again whenever its
basic freedoms were in danger
from any quarter.
This does not mean that there
is much likelihood of the Presi
dent asking Congress to declare
war upon the Axis. In official
circles, it ia believed that there
i.? no need for that—some think
that we might become active
participants in the war without
without even completely severing
relations between ourselves and
Germany. What England wants
now i« our unlimited naval sup
port and the British government
is making it clear to American
repreisentativcs in London that
support, Hitler will continue to
hold a disastrous advantage.
•*** **«•
* THE great men of the past •
* did not slide by any fortune *
* into their high place. They *
* hays been selected by the sev- *
* erest of all jedgee, Time.— *

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