North Carolina Newspapers

    Fi€E TWO
Bf E 8
117 E. Peabody Street Durham, N. C.
Phones N-7121 or J-7871
Entered as second class matter at the Post Of^icc at
Durham, N. C. under the Act of March 3rd, 1879.*
L. E. AUSTIN, ^ Publisher
WILLIAM A. TUCK, —Manasrinir Editor
S. R WILLUMSON.. News Editor
A20H E^t Second Street
between tttE LINES
By Dean Gordon Han^k
$2.00 a Year
$L25 for
Six Months
Equal salaries for Negrro Teachers. v
Ntjgrro policemen where Negrroes are involved.
Equal educational opix>rtunities.
Negro jurymen.
Higher wages for domestic servants.
Full participation of Negroes in all branches of
the National Defense. "v
Abolishment of the double-standard wage scale in
Greater i«rticii^tion of Negroes in political af
Better housing for Negroes.
Negro representation in city, county, state and
national governments.
This is being written a few^ hours before Joe Louis heavy
weight champion of the world, will place his crown on the board
for the 19th time, since he took it from James J. Braddock sev
eral years ago. Whether he wins the fight or loses it, the
sporting world will have to admit that he has made one of the
greatest champions in history.
We think Joe’s honesty, sjjortsmanship in the ring and clean
living" have placed him at the top of the heap, and that as time
goes by the world will jycclaim him the greatest champion of all
times and a befittng example for contenders in all branches of
sports to emulate.
Last week Time magazine carried a picture of the champion
pn the front page with a quotation from Joe in which he said,
“I want to fight honest so that the next colored boy can get the
same kinda break I got." Here is a summary of the great
success of the champion, in which is enough heritage to enrich
the world. Here is a message to young and old alike, which
should apply to those in all walks of life as wfcll as sports..
Joe has risen to his place in the pugulistic word because
behind those two dynamite ladden fists of his, is an honest
heart. He has risen to his-place because he left the south where
prejudice, narrowness, bigotry, and discrimination - would have
robbed him of the opfKirtunity of ever becoming the champion,
and demonstrating his honesty to the world.
When you look at the list of Nfegroes in all walks of life
w^o have risen to the toj) of the heap, most of tlS^rj are south
ern bred and born, but most of them had to lea^e the south
before they could get an opi)ortunity to rise.
In addition to giving us Joe Louis, Alabama has furnished
the last two Negro Congressmen—DePriest and Mitchell. All
of these men might still be treading the cotton fields of their
native state had they remained in the south where the pigment
of skin is more important than character.
0 this Alabama boy who went north utters a simple, force-
'.essage that will thunder down the corridors of pugulistic
> -y as long as men shall don the leather mittens and burst
u»c.. othens beak. In it is enough philosophy, enough love,
eaough righteousness and enough good, to cure a war-torn wtorld
of what ails it, and rid Joe’s native southland of the ever pres-
si>ectre of race hatred that stalks it. It is. the hardest
ih he has ever delivered and knocks the socks off the chin of
who deny his race an opportunity. “I want to fight honest
t^Mt the next colored boy can get the same kinda break I
From time to time the coun
try is shocked by horrible crimes
committed some lex-mahiac.
There are evidence* that Buch
crimes are on the inctease ahd
the contemplation of this fact is
dis(iuieting to say the least. But
the Bible tells us if we sow to the
wind we shall reap the whirl
wind. Without doubt we are sow
ing in this country the wind of
sex-mania and if we reap a
whirlwind of sex-maniacs and
their crimes we should not be
greatly surprised. ^
We are living in sexy times.
Our modem dances are sexy
dances and our popiilar son^
are too often sexy. Our screens
are filled daily with sexy pic
tures and our theatres too often,
carry sexy plays. The prize nov
el of 1940 was a sex novel entitl
ed “Native Sou”. Jazz and
swin" music are sexy in their
motivations and conception and
our dress today smacks of sex
iness with the ideal of exposing
as much of the body as possible,
The woman who tries to be mod
est in her dress is hailed as a
prude and back number. The art
of the times is sexy and in the
name of art some very base ap
peals are made to human sex
Ni'^ism is but the sexiness of
the ag^'fo its logical conclusion.
While very few today are will
ing to embrace nudism in its en
tirety, there are many who fav
or semi-nudism and modern fash
ion motifs emphasize this most
throughly. There are evidences
tJiat hudism will be as popular
to.'uprrow as semi-nudism is to
day. Art thdt is sexy becomes
the enU"'ring wedge to split the
hard timbC'i^s of tradition which
made such of'.'nqdesty. With mil
lions of childreif fitting daily
in our theatres wat'bing sexy
dances, we are fast beeOWng a
nation of sex-maniacs.
It may be argued that sex Is’
beautiful and God-given and
should be lifted from the level
of the base and nasty where it
has been bo long. This is true
where the level of intelligence
has been lifted. England can
stand much more of this modern
sexiness than America because
England is older and inore sta
ble morally. Here we have a
melting pot with divers races
classes who have not “melted”
and thus have not arrived at
people has come of age morally
they might be able to with>tand
the impact o/ the sexual kCcent-
ttation we find modem life; but
where a people like that of the
tame iMuic rules, and the
Uiilted StAtes is mottally ado-
l^ent, tbb thtiiifih jMtinois a-
mounts to sex-mania and the
i6ex-maniac is the logical pi^6-
The commercialization of the
sex ibstineta is one of the baseht
sins of this age. Sex is always
interesting and that which is in
teresting has great eommerlcal
value; hence jve have an orgy of
sexiness forced' upon the nation
by designing enterprisprp who
sugar-coat sexiness with a claim
to being artistic, and the publle
gulps it down. But we are going
to pay and are paying now with
sex maniat;s cropping up here
and there as^ super-criminals.
We need npt be snrprlsed,
then, when, the newspapers
headline the crime of a Negro
sex-maniac who confesses to 10
horrible and {revolting crimes.
Already there is in Sing Sing
awaiting execution a white man
confessng to ,34 such crimes.
There will bj Others; for we are
living in sex times that produce
the semania which produces the
sex maniacs.
One of the strongest points
that may be raised for Hitlerism
is its attempt to drive sexiness
from the front seat of German
life. If we could get the same
slant here without Hitlerism, we
should serve the coming gene
rations nobly. We can make ex
cuses for it if we will,, we can
“explain it scientifically” if we
must, but the fact remains things
are too sexy for the good of the
youth of today. Too much sex
appeal without an enlightened
clientele breeds sex-niahiacs. It
is quit eeasy for us to lift our
hands in holy horror when the
sex-maniacs reveal themselves by
their savage cnmes} :t is not
so easy for us to see our respon
sibility in the premise. When
that Avhich is too sexy comes in
to contact with that which is too
if*'norant and animal, we are go
ing to have trouble.
It is not enough to become
horrified, we must be informed
on the causes and the cure. We
need some revision in our ideals
and notions of what constitnte
art. We need a crusade against
the bold-faced sexin«!s that is
parading our highwaj’s and by-
ivays to seduce the youth of the
land. AVe need to know that ex
cessive sexiness begets sex man-
their moral majority. Whefe a ia and this begets sex maniacs
By George F. McCray forAKP
judge the worth or fitness of
things on the basis of whether
they contribute to the general
effort to expand opportunities
tor the Negro worker in Ameri
THE MOST lMi'^3?AifT
Pat This Country Needs Today
i What this nation sorely needs today is
ore men who can find things to be done
ijl^Ut the help of a manager and three as-
limts; men who get to work on time and
rer imperil the lives bf others trying to
*%e ftt^ out when the day is enided; men
ai^ neat, who do not sulk, who listen
when spoken to, who ask only
questions to insure the accurace car-
out of iiistructions, who move quickly
ivil^Kmt noise or fluster, who lc5k you'
lit in the eye and tell the truth' every
who ^ not pity, themselves because
Uudoubtely the most impo^-Mfan indnStiy.
tant Negro in the United States
today is the Negro worker sweat
ing in the mines, mills and fact
ories of the nation or languish
ing on relief rolls while seeking
a job. This worker and his prob
lems; his training and his ex-
perence, has difAcuities with
white employers and some labor
jinions, has bcome the center of
gravity for most of the collective,
soc5al, or govermental action on
behaff. of Negroes today.
This new concern over the
economic' problems of the Negro
worker is only reflected in the
cmventions and activities of
such organizations as the Urban
league, the N. A. A. C. P., and
the dozens of defense employ
ment committes springing up all
over the United States, but also
in the activities of various gov-
ermental bodies. Moreover, the
labor unions themselves, A. F. L.
as well as C. I. O., are expecting
a most encouraging in terest in
the problems of their darker bro
Anjl the Inspiration for this
general activity on behalf of th^
Negro worker, a ^750 pei* yea^
man, who is, poorly ieditcaled,
generally disfrarfchised attd with
out much 'r^Upewto,*- is not fst
to seek. He is t'He’wiiij%ttfiS of
the Negro cominuriitj^; ilf mM al
ways been; is now; and f^ort a’
long time to come will be the'
test of democracy in the United
States. We are last cosung to
The' movement which for
so many ye"tolerated the Neg
ro worker at the\’*'O^V®
a supremely Importan*
the breaking down of socia*,
poliitical and economic barriers
against Negroes. Note these re
cent developments.
The Illinois State Fed/eration
of Labor and A. F. L. affiliate
reports that at the close of the
1941 legislative session the states
of Nebraska and Kansas enacted
legislation intendinj^ to curb dis
crimination against Negroes
by emploj^ers or unions. Similar
action was taken in Indiana and
The numbers of A. P. L. of-
ficals who are following Bill
Green’s example In condemning
discrimination against Negroes
are increasing. The mo^t recent
recurit Is Thomas J. Lyons, presi
dent of the powerful New York
State Federation of Ijabor. Mr.
Green, as official spokesman for
the A. F. L., is busily gathering
evidence to disprove, as best he
can, the charge that A. F. L.
unions generally discriminate a-
gttjnSt Negroes.
. In A. P. L. unions Negroes
have made their greatest gains
}n the construction industry
Where C. I. 0. competition acted
as an additional ■ Inducement.
With, few exceptions, the C. I.
0. iievfer misses ah opi>ortunity
break down social, political
. ^ [ * ecraomio barriers against
Negrof^l’lV^Wous C. I. O. coun-
cilSj particularly in the wddl^
v^ira have
CfiiN build!
west, make a point of hiring Neg
ro office help, jiist to keep the
boys accustomed to close contact
with Negroes. Reentlj' Ted F.
Silvey, secretary-treasurer, Ohio
C. I. O. council, sent a 2,000
word letter to the Negro press
and various unions cxplaning
that the same hotel accommoda
tions for white delegates at the
Hotel Ohio In Youngston diiring
the state convention would be
available to Negroes on pain of
boycott of the whole Albert Pick
chain of hotels doing a very
large business with C. I. O.
In Buffalo, N. Y., during the
recent convention of the hard
fighting United Automobile
Workers of the C. I. O. who
taught Mr. Henery Ford the art
of collective bargaining, 500 del
egates had to threaten to walk
out of Hotel Buffalo to force the
management to find accommoda
tions for five Negro delegates
and to ser\'e Negros In th dining
room. Ix^ this connection one is
reminded of the generous sura
which the New Orleans Labor
council, an ,A, F. L. affiliate,
offered A. P. Randolph to pro
vide separate entertainment for
Negroes at the 1940 convention
of the American Federation of
Labor. You guessed wrong; Ran
dolph refused the offer.
Not many Negro workers*
4wy the general fact il
lustrated 21* -i^ese random ex
amples. Most of them are worri
ed about what to' dp to make
the most of- their new-found im
portance. Should the,V play
role of retiring Clindereftlla stak
ing for little and waiting to be
sought after; or should they em
ulate the virtuous but none-the-
less aggressive coquette who'
knows wliat she wants and how
to get it. ■ ,
The Game
By Ruth Taylor
Prize Hen Eggs
CE^leigh, September—
Carolina hens will have
thing to cackle over this year—
their eggs will be on display for
the first time at the State Fair
to be held at Raleigh, October
14-18. '
Dr. J. S. Dorton, manager of
the fair, today, announced the
Bgg Department” as new di
vision of the fair, expressing the
hope that the exhibits will stim-
tikte greater Interest in promot
ing »W,prdi^ of ‘ ‘ more eggs
for n'aiioB'al a^fferise ’ ’.
The “egg show” will be In
charge of C.*W. Shef^j^d, mar
keting specialist of the fe&te De-
par£ment of Agriculture; Dr,
Roy S. Dearstyne, head of the
poli^trj departxaent, State 6ol-.
The greatest danger to Ameri
ca today Is not the enemy with
out, but the kind of American
who has lost his nerve — who
won’t wait for the final score,
but who is willing to chalk up
defeat before the game as half
played. He never .seems to learn
that a lot can happen before the
end of tfie final Inning — that
trite as It is, life and sport have
same terminology can apply to
most problems.
For instance, there Is much
arguing In many Avords about
convoys. But what is this but
sacrifice play”, giving our fel
low democracy a chance to win?
What is the United Service
Organizations to which we are
so gladly contributing to the ex
tent of our ability, but the * ‘ dug-
out jockey” who keeps the ac
tive players pepped up and
ready to go oiit and do their
best to win — .the pei-son who
talks to effect and not to affect.
We have too many “grand
stand playei-s, ’ who are so gladly
contributing to the extent of our
ability, but the “dugout jockey”
who keeps the active players
pepped up and ready to go out
and do their best to win-the per
son who talks to effect and not
to affect
We have too' many ‘'grand
stand players,” who are out to
get all the publicity they can for
tliemselves and who play for the
fl^algtion of the mob, ’rather
than Mttla down to R good
study game and effort Is
make the team win.
, But the principal lesson we
can get out of the games this
summer is the need for better
team play. Many a team has lost
one of the players wanted to do
all the wot-k and »U- thp starring
Every fan knows that a ieaUy
good team is one composed of
players who will work together
for the team as a M’hole rather
than for themselves as indivi
duals, An^he really good cap^
tain the^spries thisi
kind of cooSla^^jteam play.
/There is anowrei^^^joj^to take
to heart— that' is, no tj
win^ajll the games, but thaH;
New York—With thi’ce full
days of activity planned for de
legates, the youth division of the
NAACP has just Issued its call
to the third student conference
of the As.sociation to be held
this year at Hampton Institute,^
Va., October 31, and November
1 and 2.
Principal speakers Eduard C. I see why it has not benn handlen
the wither bureau,
waahjnirton,d« c,
deer aiwi
what is wrong* with, yor«
partment? why can't you l»k
after the weather? to begisuv^h
our section enjoyed a 76-^y
drot^h and that almost mint
us, but lo and behold, as soon
aa the drowth was- broke by a
rain which last^ a ^^eek with*
l^et-up, everyboddy coth-
menced to grumble about too
much wetness, it cleared 2
days and then started rkining
again an'd it has benn raining
ever since. •
the grass is so tall ih our field
that we have to stand up on a
day now: the moon will change
tomorrow unless something' ia
us on direct relief, as it;i]4pks
will have to ask that the
partment of agger-culture in
crease our parrity e^ecks or put
stump to see our cotton, in otb>
er wosds, the grass has out*
growed the cotton by about 75
per cent, it's too w%t tp |)oe
or plow, that is—at this i^til^,
l^t it mought cImt ofl
done about too much rain, you
now, ^e flat rock community,,
on’t make enough lint cotton to
treat a case oi earache.
tbe recent rise in the price of
cotton hasn't hope us farmers
anny. in the first placi^^!i,we
sold our cotton last fall fer clO
A lb. > and in the ne^nt place, what
we mortgaged to the govern
ment 2 years ago was took over
last july. and in the third place,
c20 cotton wont help the favm*
ers unless they have some cb%wn
to sell. . our complaint is about
the weather and you reppcrsent
it. if you could let tts ha'ro rain
about ever 7 or 8 days from now
dn, the government could turn
Us a-loose.
it is always one thing or an
other, wedges and prices have
gone up in our midst and it has
ketched the farmar with noth
ing to sell but grass, and as ev-
erboddy has plenty of grass of
their own, it won’t fetch anny-
thlng, unless a change in the
elements, happens verry soon,
this section will have to graze
their crops down with their
cows, everything else has been
reggerlated by the government
except the weather, and we can't
Lindeman, noted member of the
faculty of the New York School
of Social W^ork; Malcolm S.
MacLean president of Ilamffton
Imtitute; Walter AVhite, execu
tive secretary of the NAACP
and Dr. Flemmie P. KIttrell,
dean of women at Hampton, will
develope the general conference
theme, “Currnt Problems in A-
merica for Negro Youth.’
The subject for Dr. Linde
man’s keynote address is “Hu
man Welfare in a JEconomy.,,
Discussion topics will deal
with civil liberties, labor unions,
consumer problems, national de
fense and education. Among dis
cussion leaders are 'William H.
Hastie, civilian aide to the secre
tary of W'^ar; W. Robert Ming,
Jr., member of the faculty of
Howard University law school;
R. O’Hara lianier, dean of in
struction at Hampton; Dr.
Charles H. Thompson, editor,
Journal of Negro Education;
Dr. Charles L. Franklin of the
U. S. Social Security Bo^rd;
Peter B. Schroeder, i)rofessor of
history, Hampton; Samuel A.
Rosenberg, division of business,’
Hampton; L. F. Palmer, execu
tive secr^tarj^ Virginia State
Teachers Association; and Mfss
Ella Baker, assistant field seure-
tary, NAA^P.
On )>iaturday, November 1, de
legates will see the Lincoln Uni
versity Hampton football game
in the afternoon and a presen
tation of the living newspaper
drama “Place: America” in the
evening, followed by a conferen
ce dance.
The will clo»p on Sun
day, November 2, with business
reports, church service, dinner
and a closing assembly. The con
ference will be under the direct
ion‘&f;J*'Madison S. Jones, Jr.,
piaj^lng fair all > titne and
coming back after a Ic^ing fight
to go in. and/ play j u ,s t
wholeheartedly and cou^o- nome. oe it
will win in tTie en} is one bsljr gs ever, It th« last 'g^pe fc®Ia>andi mindful of dllth’“
fightsyjist as hard in the gum9 t|it is played that determines the mnJof benn Quoting soml^
.•* 1—*1,- —„ u Bhall go. boddy.
it loses'as in the-ones it wins,
as per usual, rite or foam when
a change will take place.
•The Moores Have Return
ed From Their 'Vacation
—mr. and mesdames holsum
moore have returned back from
their vacation to the ocean bech
where they had a grand time as
far as they went, their trip
was broke off vecy>»)iort onner
count of mr. moore losing his
pocket wallet and it contained
his monney, at least—that is
the report of maddam roomer.
—the moore's expected to spend
a week with mrs. moore's mar
ried sister who lives at the
beach. She married a husband
that is doing verry well for the
fix he’s in and they had 3 spare
rooms for the moores and their
7 children, imagine their disap
pointment when they arrived at
the ocean beach, mrs. moore’s
sister and husband had took
their vacation and were spend
ing it in the blue ridge moun-
ings of n. c. "
—it worked a hardship on the
moores to have to go to a pri
vate home and pay board and
i;oom rent for sleeping, this was
so unexpected that it took mr.
moore’s breath right out of his
mouth, he got thru tho first
day and night o. k. but the land
lady made him pay his lodging*
in advance, he lost his wallet
le next morning and that's why
they had to hurry on back home,
he was lucky to find his wife
with 2.75$ this was used for gaa
for his broth«it’s car which he
borried to vacate in.
—^tho moores went in a-washing
one time in the ocean but they
were careful not to wade out in
to the watter in further than
waist deep. They carried their
under suits and bathing snits to
swim in and the men let the
whole drove go in for 35c. They
all enjoyed the waves and tha
breakers and jbhe undertow, the
waiter j vas > .yqriy; cold, to na.,
motfre; he*ha'4'notyh^n tasedfi>
hawing much of it^Ahia hgdHy
Mrs. moore says to ^ny-
sponctent on her return'!tb
ck;i *'after all, there aih't.‘i»o
-like home, be it ever’

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