THE CARiTLlKA TIM»S
published weekly by the
CAMOUHA TIMES POBLJSPING OOKPANY
117 B. fttMj Street Dorham. N. C.
N-7m «r J-7871
Entered M second clan matter at the Post Office at
Dxjrb»m» N. C. undar the Act of March 3rd, 1879.
L. E. AUSTIN,
WILLIAM A. TUCK.
C. A, IRVAN,
420H East Second Street
$2.00 a Year
$1.25 for Six Months
THE PLATFORM OP « . .
• THE CAROLINA’ TIMES
Ekjual salaries for Negro Teachers.
Negro policemen where Negroes are in\x)lved,
£2qual «iucational opportunities.
Negro jurymen. ;
1 Higher wages for domestic servants.
Full participation of Negroes in all branches of
the National Defense.
Abolishment of the double-standard wage scale In
Greater participation of Negroes in political af-
. ‘ faire.
. national governments.
J Negro representation in city, county, state and
I Better housing for Negroes.
THE SILENl BELLS
Their old familiar carols play
And wild and weet,
'I heard the bells on Christmas
The words repeat
Of peacc on earth, good will to
Only in our own land will the
bells ring out in free and joyous
song this Christmaatide Only this
continent will the sound of ringing
bells mean the eelebi^ation of the
great holiday of the world, which
for centuries had brought joy and
gladness to all people, even to the
Where are the bells of Oormany
that once rang oat in such joy th»
Christmas season, while happy pe;i-
ple gathered around the fir tret’s
which Saint Wilfred gave as n
symbol of Christmas to the Ger
manic tribes—symbol of eternal
life as opposed to the blood sacri
fice of Thor and Wotan. From
their hearts no longer rise the mer
ry strnins of “Oh, Tannenbaum.’’
Instead, the Horst Wessel son^
blares defiance of the Prince of
The bells of Austria are mute.
By EUTH TAYI«OR
The lovely “Stille Naeht," writ
ten by a pariak for hit faith fnl
flock, no longer riqfs upon the
midnight sir. Austria lies crushed,
with little heart to sing.
The carillons in Belgium, sink
ing from their tall belfries, have
been stilled, and" there is little hope
in Holland this year of the kind
Krif Kringle appearing with the
bag of toys for good children.
The hauntingly exquisite “Noel,
Noel,” the sweet carol beloved of
nil Christmas singers, will not ring
through a France saddened, torn by
war and a more devastating peace,
and thsMtened koth within anl
without by ne wdangers.
Russia is long since mute, its
golden bells, for all practical pur-
jK)ses, silenced by those who f'jar
religion as much as the enemy ar
The bells of Italy, what could
they mean this year to the women
left at home, their men gone to
spend their lives in aggression a-
painst peaceful neighbors f Wliat
can the grand motif of “Adeste
Fideles” moan to a nation locked
in closest bonds to the godless Na
And in England — where tl’e
church bells for centuries rang in
Christmas from every village green
tha bells now ring only to warn
of daaMr and death, instead of t!>.e
new life* which Christmas signifies,
sending the childi«'n c''
to happy fcmily gatherings around
the Yule log, but to deep under
ground air-raid shelters.
And yet — ring out, wild belVs,
in the land that is free — ring out
your song, for you may reach and
revive the hopes of those in otho?'
land* whose Christmas joy is dihi-
mefl. Ton rtiay remind all thos’
who hear your cheerful tones oi
the joy they still possess. You
Any trees or kudzu which was
obligated by the district will be
furnished to the farmers without
cost as scheduled. However, Adams
stated, since CCC Idbor is nA long
er available, it will be necessary
for the farmers to arrange to plant
In order to give assistance in
carrying out the program, Mr.
James V. Martin, a graduate of
the Syracuse Forestry School in
New York, has been added to the
personnel of the district.
Any farmers needing assistance
in the program are asked to get
in touch with the Soil Conserva
tion office over Owen’s Ten Cent
Store in Louiaburg. ^
Ifow that some chemist has invented rubber glass, hus-
bandi can generally expect to see more dish washing, that is
if the new glass bounces.
The invasion of Amefican territory by Japanese troops on
. last Sunday has brought actual war to the shores of the United
States for the first time in more than a hundred years. Al
though the attack was a surprise, Americans more accustom
ed to big events than the average European and certainly more
so than the average Asiatic, will soon recover, after which
the fireworks will start.
Jai>an, watching the slow, and often blundering method
by which a democratic form of government operates, possibly
has been made to feel that she will at all times be able to
gain victories over the armies and navy of the United States in
engagements. She will find, possibly after it is too late, that
jeven though a democracy by its very nature cannot, under
•ordinary circumstances, act as quickly as a totalitarian form
•of government; once it is aroused to action its speed to de
fend itself and overcome its enemfes will be amazing, definite
Americans will take the minor gains made by Japanese
forces in their stride. There will be no consternation or capitu
lation, but a firm determination that is certain to carry the
nation to victory in its greatest crisis.
If the Jap,'inese government has been misled into believing,
use of isolationists, stfiltes and threatened strikes, that the
fUiiited States is not united, they are in for the tallest surprise
their Uves. The Asiatics will see the replacement of all signs
•f div^on with a uni^ front, that can only be created and
tuioed under a democratic form of govemnlent where the
>le »re free.
No- one man or grroup o£ men voted the United States into'
iCMinat the Japanese goverrimeiit. It was the r^resentetives
e i^ple overwhelmingly backed by the people. It is the
to choose, even war against an aggressor nation, that
inspire the people of the United ^»tes to victory in this
ir of iNtriL
So wi in Amerk*, until this «rmr is fought to a successful
win put aside our famiijr quarrris until we have ov-
eneaiy from ^without that UtrsateM to talre Mmy
o$ Ube liffat to mgage in a ftuttiily 4|itarrel, the rigfit to
tad the riglrt to strive.
1 ^ 1 If
tor a, nnitsd tr6nt oi the people of the United States
t lib astiott Inw hr > loraiffn fo« is fooli^.
|pi;]|ll«ld|' «H^'thinf in our feflaA, and need
^ ifWtl* How to thote wbo would de-
^a|ld»im iuwelesed. thwe is one and only one aim in
ol America, and its waiy of
Of bourse things aren’t all per
fect in America today. The unem
ployed are still with us, even
though the need for trained men
has never been greater. We are
sadly deficient in adequate, well-
planned housing. Far too nrany of
our people are hungry — though
from our arable lands we could
feed them all and myriads more
besides. Our people lack too many
things which our idle factories
We are confronted with tjidee
facta, but what is the solution?
There are many sincere reform
ers today who are vociferously ad-
v^ating all sorts of panaceas.
“Destroy the old,” they cry.
‘'^‘Anything is better than what wt
But this is not the American
way. We need reform. Orante-1.
But the reforms must be construc-
By BUTE TAYLOR
tive .Revolution is too often not a
turning over but a turning out. Re
form means to remake, to reshape
—not to break. In our impatiene®
we too often feel that to reform
a situation we must destroy it en
tirely. This theory of> destruction,
not construction, is the Achilles
heel of dictators. They tear down
faster than they can build up. We
must not fall into this way of
—We «STi T^pe out all abuses in
jLmerka. We can reform our coun-
tr^l’irito the TJtt^tf of -#hiA viw
dream, if w"? will'work *togethw.
and utilize the thonght and brains
and abilities we already posses'^.
We can d6 this if we work together
—not as a regimented force under
a dictator but as individuals be
lieving in our republic and in the
democratic processes of govern
ment. Neither Utopia nor Romo
can be built in a day.
If we acted as individuals to ad
just our own economy, as citizens
to stfaighten oat our communities,
and as Americans to h«|lp the
whole country, thinking less of our
rights than of our duti^, we could
do -It. And without neglecting in
any way onr all-out rearmament
We do not need to destroy what
we have—^but to remold it nearer
aad nearer to the high standards
toward whieh we aH look. But
above all w« seed to remember the
one baaie rule of reforiB set forih
clearly nearly 2000 years ago in tne
Golden Rule: “Do unto others as
vou would have them do unto
Thailand will fight, says Shcean
and Siamese mine owner.
Laiwr - Coital To
Freeze Relatiofls In
Tte War Crisis
Irrespective of what steps are
taken fo curb strikes in defense
ii^d^stries, it Seems a virtual cer
tainty that it will be a long time
before the labor jwoblem is solved.
There is too much at stake, too
mucli to be gained, to make a quick
and easy settlement possible. The
big labor leaders are driving for
power noW| and their opposition ig
digging ia for a long campaign.
The obvious goal of labor is the
100 per cent closed shop. Industry
in general is absolutely opposed to
that, and so, according to recent
Presidential statements, i's the gov
ernment. So far as tiie public is
concerned, a late Gallup pool indi
cated that the closed shop is fav
ored by one citizen out of six.
A great sQaay peo|4e think that
th^ wisest present strategy woald
be tr delay matters antil the emer
gency is ov«r. That, for instance,
i* tbi* point of view of Wendell
Willkit^ who said that no effei-t
to effect either the opea shop or
the elosed shop shoald be taken
now that, instead an attempt
should be wad# to freeze matters
as they stand at pme*»t. One pend-
4«ig oMigresskmal bill has that as
its oMtetive. Bat th«w is roott fOr
doabt that such a policy of rela
tive inaction is workable today.
The temper of Coagress, of the
peopl^. and of the labor leaderi
may make a real «howdown inevit
able before long.
In the meantime, there is a
growing feeling that the ita|td tak
en hy labor is rapidly hee«mifig
untenable. The closed shop ideat
canied to its IneVlta'bld eondlnsioa,
means a labor monopoly. A hand
ful of labor leaders could stop the
production of the entire nation on
’s ^otiee. I^y woold, for
examplp, be immensely more pow
erful than the President. The htead
of the government, oven in these
days of crisis, can be checked by
Congress and the Courts, and the
Constitution itself platses definite
limits upon his freedom of sponsi
ble to no one save their members.
And in actual practice, the mem
bers of major unioi^s often have
absolutely nothing to say about
policy and union maaagement. -
Many friends of labor, as a re
sult, are beginiiing to have qualms.
In a recent column, Dorothy Thom
pson, who has always been pro
labor, said: “The closed shop—
gives the. union organization an
immense club over the workers, for
they cannot express their opposi
tion to union policy or officials
either by resigning from the union
or withholding their dues. They
cannot strike against the unfon.
And once the closed shop is insti-
tuted, it i? almost impossible to re
voke—There can be no groups in
this country that are above the
we throw the Constitution over
board, abolish the courts and adopt
a Hitler-like forced labor system,
we can’t make a msn work if he
doesn’t want to, and by the same
token a man should not be prevent
ed from forking if he wishes to.
Troops can be ordered to break
strikes—^hnt troops can’t run the
machines and get the products oiit.
Public opinion, on the other hand,
can certainly make labor leaders
think twice before defying the gov
ernment, ignoring the. findings of
unpprejudiced boards of mediation,
and calling strikes that imperil de
There is. much criticism of the
failure of the government—^Execu
tive and Congress , alike—to take a
really definite stand. The signs in
dicate that the Executive and Con
gress are now taking heed of that
criticism. Congress knows that de
fense strikes must be stopped. And
the people, with this country fac
ing all-out war on two oceans,
want planes and ships and tanks
SANTA CLAUS CAN HELP AMERICAN DEFENSE! ^8 poster,
drawn by J. W. and W. J. Wilkinson, a father and son artist team of
Baltimore, reminds Americans that they can help the Defense Program
this Christmas by givingDefense Bonds and Stamps in addition to
the usual present. Nation-wide distribution of this poster has been^
made, especially ia the windows of 500,000 retail stores where Defense
Stamps—as low as 10 cents—are now on sale.
have at last bitten off more than
thev can chew.
law arid above the copimunity. The and gUns. The labor leaders may
very fact’of the growing power of'
unions demands that they accept
“Social disciplines,” of coursc,
is simply one way of saying gov
ernment regulation of the ftnions.
That is very likely to come in the
long run. The goverameot, in that
ease, would be the dominant ~*aotor
in all labor-industrial relatione. It
would protect the worker against
exploitation by his employer on
the one hand, and it would protect
the tmployer .against union raek-
eteerii^ en the other. But it is ob
vious that many a moon must pass
kpfore the goal can be ceached.
And the immediate question is
what can be done to keep produc
The President, perhapis, has the
arbitration and call off the captive
coal mine strike because it was
clear that public opinion would
prove the dsiiid^ Xactm Unless
■ight formula. There^ is no doubt
hat ne foi’ced Mr. Lewis to acc^ipt
George S. Me^sersniith nareeo
Ambassador to Mexico.
Free French in Syria hall Icase-
lond grant from United State.^.
Over-aU control of prices, ig re
jected by the House, 218 to 63.
BITS’ CHRISTMAS SEALS
Born to Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Haw
kins of Union avenue, a son, on
December 3rd, at the Alamance
Davidson County ranked firsfc
in the number of horses and colis
on farms as of April 1, 1940, with
Ashe County following a close sec-
BUY 0H&I8TKAS SEALS
Wi Test Railroads
And Civilian Traffic
With hundreds of thousands f
furloughed service men going'home
for the holidays, in addition to the
usual Christmas traffic, the na
tion’s railroads are get to ha'id'e
this year what will probably he t’le
largest mass movement of long
distance passenger travel in ail
their history, the Association of
American Railroads said today.
rfPl«ni*^r \taking eare of the
MOVenjent mclude the operation of
hundreds of special trains and ex
tra sections, with 'thDusaml?'''of
cars added to regular trains. Dur
ing the rush period, the railma.ls
will run more than 20,000 passen
ger trains daily, or 2,000 a day
more than ordinarily are neces
The Army has relaxed its regu
lations to permit as many as half
the troops to be absent on leave
at the same time between ; ecem-
ber 13 and January 11\ Under this
arrangement, it will be possible for
almost three-quarters of a mi”‘on
men to go home at pnoe. This is
double the entire strength of the
Army just a year ago,
Since the center of popu!a*;ii)n
is in the North and East and the
center of military training is in the
South and Southwest, the avern;'e
journey of the special trains ou
which mosf of the service men will
travel will be about 800 miles, with
some specials running moi’e than
2,000 miles. Men who have the
longer distances to go will be al
lowed furloughs of 16 days, and
the others will be given 10 days I e-
tween December 20 and January 4.
Realizing to what extent the
large number of furloughed men
would tax transportation facilities
at this season of the year, the mil
itary authorities have cooperated
closely with the railroads in work
ing out plans to handle the greatly
increased traffic with the least
possible difficulty. Furloughs for
the holida^ period will be stagarer-
el with regard to the availability
of transportation facilities. Kail-
road ticket offices at the var’ors
SATURDAY. DBt^BMBER 13, 1911
i A PRAYER
From Ths WriMlncs of Dr. OharlM
Thou Qrsat Sovereign of all na
tions, Iliou King of Kings, and
Lord of hosts, in th«ee perilous
times of war and ruaion of war,
aihen all the powers of have
been loosed to kill and to destroy,
we pray that Thy Spirit, may stea
dy the minds and quicken the
hearts of those who call themselves
by Thy name, aeknowledgii|g Thee
as Father. j
We pray especially of ^e''Presi-
dent of these United States, upon
whom hag been laid he^v^^b^dens ^
of grave responsibilities,, as he
speaks for our country an^ for iti
Renew his strengtb as 4,aily his
burdens increase. Give hinj^pie wie-
dom and understanding thi^t,,eomf>-
th only from above. Project him
from those whose motive aptj meth
ods are prompted by the spirit of
selfishness or personal an^bi^ion.
Show him Thy will. Out of the
conflict of eounsel may Thy voice
come unto him saying: Thin is the
way—walk m in it. And as Thy
will is revealed, increase hif^ faitit.
so that he may go forth in the
consciousness of having fulfilleJ
the task committed to himl ^
And we pray that he, with us,
shall seek above all tMngs lelse to
honor and glorify Thee, hastening
the coming of Thy Kingdom up-an
earth, and the rule of the spirit of
brotherhoond in ,th«^ lives and
hearts of all people of the earth
so that all nations^ ta4y dwell
gether in peace and unit]^. Amen.
Soldiers Faster *
And Better Se^ce
camps, posts and stations will
reduced-fai’e tickets and * furnif^
information about departing ,9nd
Everybody assails ‘ * un
can ideas, ” • but Very few people
try to define them.
Our Oun Dictionary: Self-c0w‘-
trol—something we tell our chil
dren they should have.
Cheerfulness, it is rumored, is
largely a matter of one’s ineonie
being above one’s out-go.
The Bible still outsells any book
know, is still being widely read.
No mother in-law thinks that
the mother-in-law jokes Avere aim
ed at her kind of mothers-in-law.
People who know nothing about
a major, problem can give you the
answer without waiting to think.
Successful business does not de
pend upon the elimination of cl-mn
competition anywhere, at any time.
Compliments are paying invest
ments, but they must be true and
sincere if they are to have the de
^Jl^tl^nta, Ga.—A soldier>a'trouif-' '
^ay \^ar put ■ftriHn 18b
Bitting on the seat of a ^Hoping i'
jjeep, but he won'H” hate to wait T
-Ameri- long for a new pair und^r, a plai '
nnrit.io anuounced today by Brigadier Gen
eral James L. Frink, Fourth Corp9
Area Quartermaster. The new sys-
tem puts replacement of clothiu?
and equipage on an exchange basis.
This plan, already in operation,
as f&r as motor parts and general
rep^ work on the army’s vehicles
are concerned, does away with the ' J
red tape of requisitions by repl».c*
ing worn-out goods with new ones
in a simple exchange.
Under the old system, if a sol-
BETWEEN THE LINES
dier’s trousers wore out^ he had to
report that he needed new ones to
hia company commander who in
turn took the matter up with the-
supply officer of his unit through
a great deal of paper work in req
uisitions, correspondence and the
Under the new set-up, the sol
dier turns his worn-out trousers in
to his company commander who in
turn takes them, in a bundle with
other clothing, to the supply of*
ficer of his unit. The suppljr offi
cer then turns them in to the elas-
[sification officer in the office of
the post Quartermaster. ;
Immediately after the trousars
are turned over to the classifica
tion officer, the post Quartermast
er property officer issues new clo
thing for all the worn-out ones
turned in. These are, in turn, reis
sued to the individual soldjers.
Not only does this new plan save
both the enlisted man and the of
ficer’s time, but in the cast of or
ganizational equipment, such as of
fice machines, tents, certain items
of specialized, clothing, and the
like, a great deal of money is sav
ed through the repairing of turned
in articles. For example, two worn-
out tents may have enough good
sections to make one good shelter.
The same is true of office furni
ture, machines, fyid in some in
stances even blothing. ^
The classification officer of the
post Quartermaster’s officer de
cides whether the articles turned
in under the new system «^n be
Tppaired or whether then:, only
practical destination is sah^e.