North Carolina Newspapers

Next Week
Starting with next week’s
issue, the Carolina Times
will offer to its readers
the weekly Sunday
School lesson.
This feature, to appear
on page two, 'will pre
pared each week by Dr.
J. E. Briggs.
Currently professor of
Social Science at Bene
dict College n Columbia,
S. C., Dr. Briggs served
for a long period as dean
of the school of Theo
logy at Virginia Semin
ary and College in Lynch
This new feature plus
the significant news of
the week in Tar Heelia
and the nation are yours
each, week with your
copy of the CAROLINA
Haiti Denies
"Tliumbs Down
On Race Envoy
Published reports that the
Haitian government is opposed
to the appointment of a Negro
as American ambassador to that
country has been “vigorously
denied and branded as “fantas
tic” by Mauclair Zephirin the is
land Republic’s secretary of
Responding on behalf of Presi
dent Magloire to an inquiry
from Walter White, executive
secretary of the National Asso
ciation for the Advancement of
Colored People, Mr. Zephirin de
nied the report and said that “11
the spreaders of this lying rimior
were sincere, they would ask
the American State Department
for first-hand information.”
tiaiti, Mr. Zephirin declared,
“does not practice discrimina
tion, which would be completely
contrary to oiir racial origins."
He enclosed Copies of com
munications to The Courier and
The Afro-American both of
which had raised the question.
It was denied that the American
government had sought an agree-
Hftttjftn 0ovcrn ~
ment relative to the race of an
ambassador to be appointed to
that country. •
The names of several prom
inent Negroes have been men
tioned in the press as possibili-
tief for appointment to the em
bassy in Port-au-Prince.
GEORGE W. COX, official of
the North Carolina Mutual
Life Insurance Company, is
shown protesting; the exten
sion of a franchise for Dur
ham Telephone Company at a
hearing before the City Coun
cil in Durham recently. Sev
eral other citizens of both
races in Durham were on hand
to register their dissatisfaction
with the service the company
has rendered in the past.
Durhamites Voice Dissatisfaction
Over Plione Service In Hearing
A protest of the service
that the Durham Telephone
Company has rendered
over the past few years and
to the company’s request
for another thirty year
franchise was lodged withr
the City Council in its
hearings on the franchise
request last Wednesday.
A contingent of white and
Negro citizens voiced their
dissatisfaction with the type
of service the company has
rendered and ^he Durham
Committee on Negro Affairs
registered a formal protest to
the Council on the company
request for a 30 year exten
sion of its present franchise.
Although reports of the pro
test In the white press made
the matter appear to be sole
ly a charge of discrimination
tion, a large amount of sup
port has been received, ac
cording to the Committee on
Negro Affairs, from cltliens
of both races in all sections of
the city.
In addition there were sev
eral white persons at the
meeting who voiced their dis
satisfaction over the comp
any’s service.
One of the Issues over which
the citizens voiced their dis
approval of the company’s
service was the difficulty In
securing private telephones
for businesses.
To this charge, the telephone
company replied, through its
Attorney B. M. Watltins, that
“we are filling them (requests
for private lines) as fast as
we can get the phones from
Watkins stated that there
were some 2,000 requests on
When it was charged that
the company has seemed to
have been discriminating'in its
service to Hayti subscribers,
Watkins countered with the
claim that 4here was no dis
Mayor £. J. Evans appointed
a committee of Watts Carr,
Jr., Mrs. R. O. Everett, Floyd
Fletcher, R. N. Harris and M.
M. Fowler to negogitate the
matter with the telephone
(Please turn to Page Eight)
Tar Heel Groups
"Subversive” By
Two North Carolina organi
zations were among some 62
which Attorney General Her
bert Bro\^ell has proposed to
designate as subversive.
They are the Daniels Defense
Conrunittee and the Tri-State
Negro Trade Union Council.
The Daniels Defense Com
mittee has waged an “effort”
to acquit Bennie and Lloyd
Ray Daniels, Pitt County
cousins, who have been on
death row in North Carolina
since 1949 when they were
convicted of murdering a
white taxi driver.
The pair is also being defend
ed by Attorney Herman X«y-
lor of Raleigh for the NAACP.
Taylor is not employed by tiw
Daniels Defense Committee,
and he has repeatedly refuted
implications that he has
sought or is seeking aid from
suspect groups.
The Daniels Defense Com-
tee and the Tri-State Negro
Trade Union CoxmcU have
both filed notices of appeal
from the listing.
Speculation was that the ac
tion of the Attorney General
would hamper Taylor’s efforts
in helping to defend the Dan
iels cousins. Many observers
voiced the opinion that the
Daniels Defense Committee
/Rad done more to impede the
effort to aid the Daniels cous
ins than it haa to help
It's OK For Loyal Americans To Mix
With Hegroes Says John Dulles
Association between white and
colored persons is no “indica
tion of disloyalty or of security
risk,” John Foster DuUes, Secre
tary of State, assured Walter
White, executive secretary of the
National Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People, in
a letter made public here last
Prompted by repeated stories
that white employees and ap
plicants for positions with the
State Departmetit and other gov
ernmental agencies have been
questioned by federal investiga
tors as to their association with
Negroes, White wrote to the
Secretary of State urging him to
take steps “to forbid the asking
o4 such questions in the future
by State Department Security
officers or any other repre
sentatives of government mak
ing Inquires with regard to
In response, Dulles expressed
“complete agreement” with
White’s views “that associations
between Americans of different
skin color diould not be a fac
tor in judging an employee’s
loyalty to the United States.”
Moreover, he said, “1 am calling
this matter to the attention of
responsible officials concerned
with the security of Department
employees and I am advising
them of my agreement with the
sentiments expressed in your
The State Department head
said that he had questioned em
ployees connected with the De
partment’s Lbyalty Security
Board and been assured by them
that “to the best of their re
collection, no employee of the
Department has been asked in
an interrogatory whether he as
sociated with colored people nor
has any employee been asked
this question during a hearing
before the board. Employees
have been asked about possible
association with individual col
ored people, as they have been
about association with individual
white persons when there is in
formation that the association
may have a bearing upon an em
ployee’s loyalty or security.”
White has also written to J.
Edgar Hoover of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation asking
that “another directive be issued
to all FBI agents on this mat
ter” in accordance with assur
ances given back in 1949 by
Louis Nichols that FBI agents
asking questions about inter
racial associations “were acting
contrary to instructions.”
Jim Crow Nursing Plan
May Get Underway In Fall
Schools Ordered
Nursing schools for Negoes
will be installed at A. and T.
College at Greensboro and
Winston-Salem Teachers Col
lege by the State.
This is in accordance with
a decision by the last legisla
ture, which set aside $200,000
for the two schools. '
Governor William B. Um-
stead directed each of thes«
colleges to open a course for
training Negro nurses as soon
as 20 or more students hav«
Word from Greensboro late
this week was to the effect that
a nursing school will be opened
there with the beginning of the
regular Fall term.
A third school to train Negrd
nurses may be established ai
North Carolina College at Dur
ham in the near future.
A. and T. College and Win
ston-Salem Teachers College
were selected by a committee of
Reid Holmes, administrator for
the Bowan Gray Hospital a^
Winston-Salem, Miss Ruth Coun
cil of the State Department of
Health, and headed by State
Senator_Warren R. Williams of
This committee, appointed by
the Governor to select sites for
the two schools, made study
tours of A. and T., Winston-Sa-
le)n and North Carolina Colleges.
The group also had a request to
consider Elizabeth City Teach
ers College, but this request was
later withdrawn when the school
realized that there was no N^
gro hospital in its vicinity with
which it could associate in car
rying out the nurse training pro
gram. • ^
The Negro nurse training plan
already under attack from
many quarters in the state for
the reason that, according to
critips, it extends the pattehi of
segregated education in the
State. f ^
These critics say that the Fed
eral Courts .have already estab
lished the right of qualified Ne
groes to attend graduate and
professional schools supported by
the States, and that Negro nurse
trainees should be admitted to
the University of North Caro
lina, 'wiiose~mine''trBlireer use
the facilities of the multi-miUidn
dollar state supported North
Carolina Memorial Hospital at
Chapel HiU.
Kelly M. Alexander, president
of the North Carolina branch of
the NAACP, told the TIMES re
cently that his organization
would resort to court action if
the Negro nurse schools are
used to keep Negro nurse
trainees out of the University of
North Carolina. Alexander said
(Please turn to Page Eight)
Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office at Durham, North Carolina, under Act of March 3,1879.
White Attack Victim Not
Certain Assailant Negro
Protest Against
City Stores
Is Organized
Another step to get restroom
facilities for Negroes in the
downtown shopping district
was taken with the holding
last week of a Community
Conlkrence at the Tabernacle
Baptist Church.
Mrs. J. L. Lawrence, church
and civic worker, was elected
temporary chairman of the
group which announced that
it was going to wage an all-
out commimity-wide campaign
to get restroom facilities for
Negroes in stores not now
making such facilities avail
able to their Negro customers.
Present at the meeting called
by the Buncombe County
Committee for Negroes were
representatives from various
churches and organizations
throughout the city.
No name has yet been decid
ed on for the newly-formed
group. Other officers elected
at the first meeting were:
Vice-Chairman Atty. Harold
T. Epps; Secretary, Miss Lil
lian Haipmonds; Assistant
Secretary, Miss Geraldine
Hammonds; and trearsurer, Z.
B. Cook.
A meeting of the steering
dommittee of the group was
scheduled for Friday, July 24
at which time plans for a
coRununlty - wide campaign
were outlined.
Negro Businesses
Vindicated By
Florida Court
(Interstate Press)
A new ray of hope and gen
uine respect for contracts made
and entered into by Negro busi
ness men and leaders was ex
pressed here last week when the
Afro-American Life Insurance
Company of this city and a Flor
ida corporation won the right in
the Duval County Circuit Court
to hold 856 and one sixth shares
of stock in the Central Life In
surance Company of Tampa, al
so a Florida corporation.
In an ultimatum issued by Cir
cuit Judge Edwin L. Jones, the
Central Life Insurance Comp
any was ordered and directed
upon financial and legal pro
cedures of the Afro-American
Insurance Company to transfer
to that firm 856 and one sixth
shares of its stock.
The ^ourV heI3T' that despite
the Central’s contention that
Afro-American had ilo legal
right to purchase its stock that
the Afro-American, incorporated
under the laws of Florida, has
the right to buy, sell, deal in,
transfer, both rbal and personal
property and that the Afro-
American purchase of this stock
fell within the rights and pri
vileges of the Afro-American
The fight grew out of the Cen
tral’s refusal to transfer to the
“Afro” shares it had bought
from Central stockholders.
The Central’s refusal to make
the transfer was based on the
argument that the Afro-Ameri
can did not have the corporate
power to buy the stocks of an
other insurance'company. How
ever, it is felt that Central Life’s
action stems from the fear that
the Afro-American is seeking
control of the Tampa firm.
The ruling came after more
than a year of battling up to
Florida’s Supreme Court which
upheld a previous injunction.
. . . distinguished citizen . ..
J.H. Wheeler,
Durham Man,
Accorded Honor
A Durham man was cited as
“one of America’s most dis
tinguished citizens” recently.
He is John Hervey Wheeler,
president of the Mechanics
and Farmers Bank^ who was
selected as “one of America’s
most distinguished citizens by
a committee composed of Dr.
Ralph Bunche, Justice Felix
Frankfurter, Senator James
Duff, Dr, Channing Tobias,
William J. Donovan, Daniel A.
Poling and Philip S. Bern
stein. .
These men made up a com
mittee of the Aaronsburg As
sembly which accorded the
honor to Wheeler.
The Durham banker received
the honor in the Pennsylvania
village of Aaronsburg on the
campus of the University of
The Assembly, started in
1949 in celebration of the
sesqui-centennial of its found
ing and to commemorate its
founder, Aaron Levy, as a
purpose to bring together 100
of America’s most distinguish
ed citizens to consider means
of achieving national serenity
and world peace through bro
therhood and understanding;
(Please turn to Page Eight)
Woman Back On
Job After Attack
A Durham white woman
who was attacked in the dark
ness of tree-lined and heavily
shrubbed Duke Gardens Mon
day night said later this week
that she was not certain that
her attacker was a Negro.
First reports of the incid
ent, earri^ by an afternoon
Durham newspaper and many
other papers .in the State,
quoted the woman as telling
police that a Negro about
3ix feet tall and about 25 or
30 years old, dragged her
down an embankment and in
to the gardens and assaulted
The attack occurred around
10:45 Monday night.
A report in the Durham morn
ing paper on Wednesday quoted
the woman as saying that she
lid not know whether her as-^
sailant was a Negro or a “swarth-
ly complexioned person, pos
sibly a foreigner.”
The attack victim was a
switchboard operator at Duke
Hospital who was on her way to
work, walking through the drive
TKal leads to Duke Chapel, when
the attack occurred.
Her description of her attack
er pictured him as “very, very
clean, like just out of shower,
had a close, crew-like hair cut,
copper complexion, was athle
tic, and spoke excellent English,
She said he wore gray trousers,
but no shirt.
She was reported as saying
that she was so upset at first
that she told authorities and
detectives that the man was a
Negro, but after thinking it
over, she believes it could have
been someone other than a Ne
She was also quoted as saying
that she was positive she could
identify her attacker if she
could see him dressed as he was
when he attacked her.
The afternoon paper in Dur
ham published the story replete
with a picture spread, showing
the route over which she was
But, she went back to work at
the switchboard after being at
tended by a doctor.
(Please turn to Page Eight)
... joiiM Spelman ...
Spelman College
Gets Services Of
Miss Ruth Rush
ed this week that former Doan of
Women Ruth G. Rush of North
Bullet Performs
Surgery, But Kills
Collie ~will~li«wffi^
dean of women at Spelmaa Col-
'ege. Atlanta, Ga., on S«pt 1.
She will become tho second
NCC .staff member to go to
Spelman in the last month.
Former Dean Albert E Man
ley of NCC became president
of Spelman on July 1.
Miss Rush joined NCC’s staff
in 1915. as a young girl just out
of Clark College. Atlanta. Ga.
She was closely identified with
the family of the late Dr, James
E. Shepard. NCC’s founder and
first president. She is loved and
respected by hundreds of NCC
graduates, particularly form
er women students, who knew
her as friend and counsellor for
many years.
President Alfonso Elder of
NCC said, “Miss Bath G, Bosh
has made commendable con
tributions to the growth and
development of North Caro
lina College. We extend her
every good wish in her new
undertaking. Spelman College
is indeed fortunate to obtain
the services of an educator of
such experience and ability,”
Miss Ruth G, Rush, professor
af education and former dean of
women at the North Carolina
College at Durham was sched-
(Please turn to Page Eight)
A man who tried to com
mit suicide 17 days ago but
apparently performed an
amateurish version of a de
licate brain operation on him
self died in a hospital Sunday.
Douglas Mock, resident of
623 Pitt Street, was believed
by doctors to be recovering
satisfactorily despite the fact
that several fragments of a
.22 calibre bullet remained
lodged in his brain.
Mock, worried because he
had to support his grand
mother but could not leave her
alone while he went to work,
shot himself in the head with a
.22 calibre rifle shortly before
midnight July 2. He was found
about nine a. m. by police the
following morning as he lay on tients in an attempt to remove
a neighbor’s doorstep with a note tendencies which they have
beside him which read, “Blame | shown towards violence, either
no one for my act.”
He was rushed to a hospital
where a neurosurgeon was call
ed. X-rays of his skull showed
that four large pieces of the lead
slug were imbedded in his brain.
His skull was fractured and,
he remained unconscious for a-
bout five days, then gradually
began tp return to a normal
As he began to ragain con
sciousness, the neurosurgeon
noted that he seamed to “have
many characteristics of a pre-
frontal lobotomy patient.”
The lobotomy, according to
the surgeon, is an operation per
formed on certain mental pa
in the form of suicide or mur
der, «
The operation is performed by
removing a piece of the skiill
and then cutting certain nerves
leading from the frontal lobe of
the brain to the thalamus.
Further X-rays of Mock show
ed that the bullet ijad done in a
second what a skilled surgeon
would need hours to do.
The surgeon also expressed the
opinion that Mock’s mental con
I dition should be greatly im-
i proved when he recovered.
But, Sunday, from causes yet
I unknown. Mock died the way
I he had wanted to, 17 days late.
Ushers District '
Meeting Slated
The Good Hope Baptist Church
of Wendell will be host to the
annual meeting of District Num
ber Two of the Interdenomina
tional Ushers Association to be
held Sunday, August 2.
The program which will fea
ture the Fayetteville Street Bap-
rtist Church Chorus will have as
speaker C. A, Byrd of Seattle.
Washington, It is scheduled to
t>egin at 2;30 P, M, with devo
tions led by memtiers of the boot
church. The speaker for the oc
casion will tie introduced by
Misit Juanita Murchison,
W. C. Parks of Raleigh li Sup^
ervisor of the District. Chari
Taylor of Durham is chairmai
of the program committee.

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