North Carolina Newspapers

    rAQK TWO
SATOftDAY. MAT 1, 1154
The Danger Of Partial Integration
Last week we published in
this newspaper a recent
speech delivered by the emi
nent-jurist, Judge William H.
Hastie, member of the U. S.
Court of Appeals for the
Third Circuit, to new mem
bers of the Howard Univer
sity Chapter of Phi Beta
Kappa, national honorary
society. In that speech he
sounded a note of warning to
the so-called “talented tenth”
of the race against “loss of
primary concern for the de
fects and injustices of our
society as they affect other
Negroes and other people
So siOTificant and timely
do we think the address that
we again quote here for the
benefit of our readers. Said
Judge Hastie:
“In the paat, the well-educa
ted Necro, even If relatively
•ecure, no less than his less-
edncatd or less-secure brother
w»s actually treated like an
alien and a pariah in his own
eonntry. If only to retain per-
peraonal pride and human
dignity he had to stay in the
stcBfflM to make a more de-
e«Bt aoeiety,” "hut I see ahead
a rather extensive integration
of what was once called the
talented tenth of the Nerro
population into the general life
of the community. The danger
is that this process be attend
ed by loss of primary ooBeem
for the defects and taijnstlce of
our society as they affect oth
er Negroes and other people
As lynchings and other
forms of mob violence become
relics of the past and the tal
ented tenth achieves a great
er measure of favors the gap
between it and the Negro
, masses is sure to become wid-
We Pray Oh God that Thou'^ er «nd wider,
will give us strength here to ^he well-educated, the
iiiipress upon the minds of fortunate of the race or as
Negroes the very serious dan- Judge Hastie puts it, the
ger sounded in Judge Hastie’s “talented tenth” needs to
address! know that even its members
It is nothing new to watch acceptable to
some of the talented tenth,
who have risen by accident, well-known and have made
marriage, or family tie. more personal white fnends. For it
than by strenuous effort or hard to fmd a Negro in the
native ability, look down ^“th who is so wretched
their noses at the other nine- cannot point to one
tenths of their race with the friend
utmost contempt. Blinded by
while the same white man
the pseudo success they en- ^ bitterest
joy they proceed to set them- of the race as a
selves up as philosophers and whole.
experts on why the other So truly there is a serious
nine-tenths of their race can- danger that as we approach
not rise above the level of the much to be desired goal
economic distress and ignor- of integration that we may
ance. They will even join become illusioned into think-
members of the opposite ing that the acceptance of the
group from time to time in well-educated of the race
denouncing their unfortun- means that the group as a
ate brethren, in spite of the whole has been accepted,
fact that among them may Somehow honest leadership
be many of their blood rela- of the race must get it
tives. Thus you will see col- over to those in power that
lege trained Negroes with- without the acceptance of all
draw from the masses of their Negroes there will be estab-
people to their ivory towers lished a caste system here in
where they can have the op- America the stigma of which
portunity to at least lick the the present status of the race
boots of their masters. will be considered glorious.
Tlie Cancer Detection Center
The Cancer Detection Cen
ter of Lincoln Hospital has
just celebrated its first an
niversary. According to re
ports over 600 persons in and
near Durham availed them
selves of its services during
the 12 months period and
were examined for cancer.
Although the report handed
the Carolina Times did not
disclose the number of per
sons the Cancer Detection
Center discovered to have had
cancer during that period it
probably has the information
available for those interested
in having it.
We think the number of
persons it found to have can
cer is unimportant. For if the
center uncovers one case and
thereby saves one life from
this terrible disease it has
justified its existence. Only
those who have witnessed the
untold suffering of a cancer
victim can know just how
important any movement to
halt the disease is.
The 600 persons examined
at the center during the past
12 months are not enough.
The examination it free and
we see no reason why every
Negro citizen in and around
Durham has not availed him
self or herself the opportun
ity of determining whether or
not they have cancer.
If detected in its early
stages a majority of cancer
cases can be cu^ed. If allowed
to get a foothold there is no
known cure to medical sci
ence. We, therefore, urge per
sons in Durham and over the
state, for that matter, to avail
themselves of the opportun
ity and be examined for can
The Fight hr Freedom Fund
The proposal made by Dr.
W. Montague Cobb of Wash
ington, D. C. that members
of the medical profession
throughout the country con
tribute $100 each to the Fight
for Freedom Fund of the
tionaT Association for the Ad
vancement of Colored People
should be met with a hearty
response by medical groups
all over the. country. The fact
that the medico-chirurgical
Society of the District of
Columbia has already en
dorsed the movement will no
doubt lend emphasis to the
proposal and encourage other
medical groups of the race
throughout the country to fol
low suit.
The Old North State Medi
cal Society of North Carolina
is the oldest medical group of
the race in America. Approval
of the plan from it would car
ry a lot of weight throughout
the country and it is hoped
that it will follow the ex
ample for the Medico-chirur
gical Society. Not only would
its example be followed by
other medical .grPHP® but
groups in other professions as
As a whole Negro lawyers
have received more direct
benefit from efforts of the
NAACP than any other pro
fessional group of the race.
Certainly they should follow
the example of the medics
and contribute at least $100
each to the Fight for Freedom
]^nd. For when the fund be
comes a realization it will be
the lawyers, above any other
group, who will reap the har
vest in legal fees derived
from court battles that will
be financed by it.
According to a safe esti-
m a t e if all physicians
throughout the nation contri
bute $100 each it wiU provide
more than $400,000 for the
fund. It is no hard task to
imagine what a tremendous
amount of money would be
available to> the NAACP if
members of fraternities, sor
orities, teachers associations,
clubs and other organizations
would all agree to donate
even $10 each to the fund.
One thing is certain free
dom, first-class citizenship
and all of the other fine things
that go with them will never
be handed to Negroes on a
platter. They must be fought
for, sacrificed for and after
they have been achieved,
must be forever guarded with
the utmost care lest they at
any moment be taken away
from us.
'your NEWS W|R
MAY 1, 1954
L. E. AUSTIN, Publisher
I, K. CABTEK, Itanaglng Editor
ruMlibad Evary Saturday by tha UMTTKD
pUBUnOEM, IneotponUd at 51S B. Patticmr Bt
M. E. JOHNSON, Bwdaess MMU^or
R. J. HAYNES, Adv«rtlslaf Manaf«r
No tuArantM of publication of unaollclted
rial, l^tten to tiM oditor for pubUcation muft bo
■ifiKd a&d conflnod to 000 word*.
M aaeopd olaai matter at ttio Post Offieo
at Diotiam. Morth CanaMna under 12m Act of Mar^i
Bubftcrlption Ratat: loe par copy;
*3.00: Oam Yaar. U-00 (TmAgn Countrlaa, *4.00
par raar.)
As bonded Indebtednei* is
^ NitloDtl FtdtrtUoa of lodip«odMt
Integration Here To Stay
No matter how the Supreme Court rules in the school
segregation cases, the widespread discussion of the issue has
been good for the country. Even if the high court fails to
give an all-out decision against segregation per se„the trend
toward integration will continue.
Some cities and states, anticipating that the court will
finH separate schools unconstitutional, already have begun to
shift from segregation to integration in a quiet, gradual sort
of way. The public education which has gone along with the
NAACP’s court battle for full citizenship has convinced many
Amercians that segregation is wrong and they are moving
to eliminate the eVil ahead of the court order.
Other states, while not quite willing to actually take
positive action until given the “go” signal by the court, have
stated publicly that they will obey the mandate of the court.'
Many have their plans in readiness, and will put them into
operation as soon as the decision is handed down.
The Talmadges, who say that they will not change their
old way of doing things, Supreme Court or no Supreme
Court, form a diminishing minority. Even from Talmadge’s
own state comes word that in Atlanta the school people are
accepting non-segregation as a coming fact. We are mighty
afraid thatTahnadge may be in the minority even among his
own fellow Georgians.
■ It is the American spirit to accept the decisions of our
courts and to obey the law. .Many persons in other lands
would give their all just for the privilege of living in Amer
ica with its high ideal and its bountiful goods. It is indeed a
privilege to be an American.
A country as great as this can afford a few Talmadges
and Bryneses.—Kansas City Call.
Let America Be America Again
Let America be America again.
Let it be the dream it used to be.
Let it be the pioneer on the plain
Seeking a home where he himself i« free.
(America never was America to me.)
Let America be the dream that dreamers dreamed—
Let it be that great strong land of love
Where never kings connive nor tryants scheme
That any man be crushed by one above.
(It never was America to me.)
O, let my land be a land where Liberty
Is crowned with no false patriotic wreath.
But opportunity is real, and life is free.
Equality is in the air we breathe.
(There’s never been equality for me,
^Nor freedom in this “homelarid of the free.")
Yet Vm the one who dreamt our basic dream
In that Old World while still a serf of kings,
Who dreamt a dream so strong, so brave, so true.
That even yet its mighty daring sings
In every brick and stone, in every furrow turned
That’s made America the'land it has become.
O, I’m the man who ^iled those early seas
In search of what I meant to be my home—
For I’m the one who left dark Ireland’s shore.
And Poland’s plain, and England’s grassy lea.
And tom from Black Africa's strand I came
To build a “homeland of the free.” i
O, let America be America again—
The land that never has been yet—
And yet must be-—the land where every man is free.
The land that’s mine—the poor man’s, Indian’s, Negro,
ME— _
Who made America.
Whose sweat and blood, whose faith and pain, ^
Whose hand at the foundry, whose plow in the rain.
Must bring our mighty dream again.
a f
Sure, call me any ugly name you choose—
The steel of freedom does not stain ....
Indep«nd«nt busineMmen fa
vor greater grass roots control
of money and credit.
In hut compl«t«d nailoawMe
membenOdp poll by National
Federation of Indq>endent Busi
ness, TOtInf was 7S% fii favor
of companion blUs by Senator
Capebart i
These bills
seek to place
bank holding
corporations on
same footing
as Independent
Holding oor- c.W. Hardtr
porations would b« barred from
controlling both banks and non
banking enterprises; from add
ing branches THtbout securing
same approval required of inde
pendent banks.
For fnany reasons, indepen
dent business wishes, indepen*
dent bapks made more secure.
One reason is local control of the
communities cash and credit by
people with firsthand Imowledge
of local conditions Is better for
all. Another major reason is be
lief bank holding corporations
have aided local governmental
extravagance. Much extrav
agance blamed on Washington
has been at the local level, as
local politicians love to spend
money, too.
A political subdlvisloo, wishing
to issue bends to pay for any
'scheme thouglit op, usnatly finds
who will buy tlie bonds before an
election la decided upon. Foll-
llcians luiow how to Iiallyhoo
across bond elections, but don’t
wAUt to end ap with a batch of
bonds that can’t be peddled. In
contemporary times, local poli
ticians have found liank holding
..corporations very helpful.
lien on all the raal sstat* fat •
subdivision distant ftnandm, [
faosd with hug* sums d cash
siplumed off from maiqr souroas^ ^
ar* («ly Intarasted primarily,
in whether tha total assets at fba
community adequately baok up
tha txinds; not in a long ranga
viewpoint f>t coQununitgr neads. m
• * f
Thus, even with grandlsae
schemes that no ieoal banker
will endorae, polltioiaos can go
to a bank holding corporation. K
* * \
With a constant feal on the
oommtmity pulse, the local bank
er knows whether or not tiia
county can afford a gold plated
courthouse at tills time, or
whether it should settle for a
more modest stanicture, and re
serve some of its bonding ca
pacity for i)eeds of the near fu
ture such SIS more schools.
• «
Bot when poiiticians can hock
the community assets with a dis
tant financier en the basis of cold
balance sheet flgnres, and tiias
tlie wise counsel of local bankers
conditioned by an Intimata
knowledge of h>«al needs is lost
to the-commmitty, local priiti-
oal suI>divlsIoiia are la for ta>
ture trouble. ,
Kven today soma communltiaa
with urgent needs have found
their bonding birthright already
pledged by politicians ia a man
ner tliat would hqv* never been
possible U ttie sale of bonds had
depended upon th» judgment cl
strong looal l>an]u. |
• • • I
Tins tod«y, a few bank hold
ing corporationa through owner-
sidp of federal, state, county and
city bonds, own much of the V. S.
Government. Tomorrow the
wiMrie world may pay ialterest to
Caesar. And that Is why inde-
pendeat businessmen want this
trend stopped; want not smaller, .
but mach bigger locally owned
independent banka. ^
Hate, Must Not Be Allowed To Do It Again
we don't uke
OURS IS bctter!
HATE AU. NON-whites!
your color!
Spiritual Insight
Pastor, Mount Gilead Baptist Church
“Did not our hearts burn
within us, while he talked
with us by the way..?"Luke.
We see dejected, discouraged
and gloom-ridden disciples
walking along the Emmaus
Road. In a flash all is changed!
Why? Their darlc and despair
ing hearts are all aglow with a
Holy Flame. The Risen Christ
is in their midst wailcing with
them down the highway. The
Risen Crist comes to walls with
them and dark gloom of Cal
vary is lifted. Their gloomy
world is transformed into a
realm of light and glory. Tire
darkness is gone—the Holy
Light is aglow in their souls;
Too often and too many of us
walk the Emmaus Road of
doubt, unbelief, despair, gloom,
discouragement and seeming
_ We ought walk more in the
presence of the Risen and glo
rified Christ, In his presence
our hearts too will glow with
the light of his Holy Presence.
Christ gives the glow of spiri
tual warmth to our souls. Too
many of us walk the way of
cold isolation and loneliness.
Why >valk alone when our
hearts cdp be burning with the
glow of ^is presence? Make
Christ ynur companion In this
sometimes rough,/difficuM and
discouraging way of life. You
need Christ for light, guidance
and strength. He can banish the
darkness of your Emmaus Road.
Hearts burning with the Holy
Flame of his presence can en
dure darkness. We all have ex
periences of darkness. We all
get caught at times in life’s dark
places. We all must fight against
darkness and sin. Thus we need
him in our lives who has con
quered and overcome all tha
dark forces with which we
must ^apple—envy, hatred,
persecution, trial, suffering,
heartache and sin. He will set
our hearts aflame with a light
to take us through the darkness.
Jesus taught the great lesson
that the darkness cannot put
out the light of Eternal Truth.
The winds of evil cannot put
out the rfoly Flame in the soul
of the believer. Evil will strive
to put out the light. • Evil and
sin cannot put out the light
Christ sets burning in the soul.
The winds of adversity may
blow with all ■ their power and
fury, but the Holy Flame burn
ing in our souls through faith
will shine brighter and brighter
until tlie perfect day. Hearts set
burning on the Emmaus Road
will never go out.
Hearts aflame with the Holy
Spirit will never go out.
tIAACP Says Proposed Airti-Discriininations Plans
A "Document Of Appeasment And Expediency"
Proposed anti-discrimination
plans of Housing Administrator
'Albert M. Cole submitted to the
Senate Banking and Currency
Committee represent a “doc
trine of appeasement and ex
pediency” and are “unworthy,
of our country,” the NAACP
told the Senate Banking and
Currency Committee in a letter
made public last week.
The letter, released by the
Washington bureau of the NAA
CP and signed by Clarence Mit
chell, the biu-eau director, was
sent to Senator Homer Cape-
hart, committee chairman, in
reply to a statement sent to the
committee by Mr. Cole on April
The NAACP charged that un
der Mr. Cole’s plan, FHA-in-
sured housing developments
from which Negro families now
are barred, solely because of
race, would continue to be ra
cially segregated. Meanwhile,
the Association pointed out, Mr.
Cole would have the federal
government underwrite the cost
of building segregated housing
for Negro and other minority
“The National Association
for the Advancement of Colored
People strongly oppose a pro-
garm which isolate minority
group families from the main
stream of American life,” the
letter declared.
’The NAACP letter asked the
committee and Congress to
enact strong safeguards against
racial dismrimination In the
federal housing bill—S.2938 —
now In committee.
Unless such safeguards are
incorporated in the housing bill,
Mr. MitcheU asserted the Hous
ing Agencies wiU continue
their present program of pro
moting racial segregation with
the help of federal fimds.”
“Every hotislng official. In
cluding Mr. Cole, knows that
FHA Insured projects are desig
nated as white or lor colored at
the time lenders agree to ad
vance funds. Hence, the present
I policy forbids restrictive cove
nants in writing, but promotes
exclusion from new housing
tiirough other types of agree
ments by the builders, lenders,
and occupants.
"It is unlikely that the pre
sent housing official will depart
from this policy unless they are
clearly instructed to do so by
your committee.”
The letter noted that on
March 24 last, the NAACP of
fered an amendment to the pro
posed housing bill which would
specify: “The aids and powers
made available under the seve
ral titles of this Act are not to
be conditioned or limited in any
way on account of race, reli
gion, or national origin of buil
ders, lenders, renters, buyers, or
families to be benefited.”
The Church And Mrs. Howard
A couple' of months ago I
wrote a picce about the new
pioneers who live in constant
danger of fire and shot and
stones because they are advan
cing on the frontiers of man’s
relationship to man, just as the
early pioneers advanced on the
frontiers of a physical wilder
ness. This is another report
from the frontier.
One Sunday morning in Jan.,
Mrs. Betty Haward, 22, mother
of two small children, left the
church where she had attend
ed Mass. Outside the church
about 40 of her i^eighbors, most
of whom had attended Mass
with her, gathered around Mrs.
Howard screaming ugly insults,
making threats. Six of the wo
men in the mob followed Mrs.
Howard home, throwing stones
at her.
At 11:15 the seven women—
Mrs. Howard and her assailants-
were kneeling before the altar,
hearts open to their one
Go'd, petitioning for justice and
mercy and salvation through
the intercession of Someone
they called the Prince of Peace.
At 11:45 Mrs. Howard was
running through the streets still
running through th streets, still
praying, though silently this
time for mercy and justice and
her own safety. The other six
were screaming words banned
by their church, their faces con
torted with hatred banned by
their church, their hearts filled
with an evil damned by their
All this because the Howards
had the courage to find a de
cent place in which to bring up
their children and because th*
Howards were Negroes. They
had moved into the TrumhuU
Park Homes in Chicago, *^ub-'
lie housing project.
The Trumbull Park Homes
project was put up, at least In
part, with public funds. This
money was raised by taxes
which Jell as heavily upon Mrs.
Howard as upon the six women
who stoned her.
The Howards have been liv
ing in their apartment, boarded
up to protect the children from
bricks and sulphur bombs, since
last summer, protected by an
around-the-clock police guard.
They’ve stuck it out. And to the
eternal credit of the city of Chi
cago, the police have insisted on
enforcing the law even though
it has taken as many as 1,000
men at a time. But the lives of
the pioneering Howards art
still in daily peril.
Perhaps it’s past time for the
church to do something about
those six women.

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