North Carolina Newspapers

    THE CAROLINA TliaS SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1»S«
God Save Our White Children From Their Parents
North Carolina sank to a
new low in statesmanship and
lack of leadership last week
when its governor called two
known secret meetings in this
state for the suppc«ed briefing
of legislators who will attend
the special session of the Gen
eral Assembly which he call
ed for the purpose of passing
legislation that will defy or
drcumvent the U. S. Supreme
Court ruling on segregation
in public schools. Not only
were all white and Negro citi
zens of the state barred from
both meetings, but all newspa
per reporters as well. Accord
ing to reliable reports, one of
the meetings was held in a
hunting lo^e with a well-
stocked bar and surrounded
by a barbed wire fence not too
much unlike those used to
safeguard military prisoners
during World War II.
As we understand it, mem
bers of the State Advisory
Commission were also invited
to the two meetings hel din
the woods wherfe they were
expected to fall inline with
Uoidges’ unholy sch^ne to
save segregated schools in
North ciuroUna. Twenty-five
years from now, when our
children look back on this
tragedy in our state, they will
bow their heads in shame at
the asinine antics of their gov
ernor and their forefathers.
History is now writing a black
chapter in North Carolina, a
chapter which must and will
be read just exactly as it is
written. The chapter will read
that its governor in the years
1955-56 had the opportunity
to point the people to respect
for the Constitution and Su
preme Court of ^ his country
but deliberately led them in a
direction of disrespect and de
fiance of both. It will read
that instead of directing the
people in respect for law and
order, the governor of this
state deliberately promoted a
program to create hysteria,
race hatred and animosity.
No blacker chapter has ever
been written in the history of
a state, no governor has ever
made a greater mess of his of
fice, no greater tragedy in
statesmanship has ever been
recorded in the annals of A-
merican history and no gover
nor of a state has ever succed-
ed so greatly in turning back
the pages of history.
The late Franklin D. Roose
velt gave us the four freedoms
and Governor Hodges and At
torney General W. B. Rodman,
in a black and unholy con
spiracy which requiras secret
meetmgs in the woods, have
concocted the fifth freedom—
THE FREEDOM TO BE IG
NORANT. So, in eastern
North Carolina and other be
nighted sections of the state,
those who have half-hearted
ly supported education, those
who have opposed every tax
ation for its support now have
the backing of the governor
and attorney-general of the
state to decide any and every
situation affecting public
schools “intolerable,” where
by they have the freedom to
keep their children out of
school and let them grow in
ignorance. God save the white
children from their parents.
Democracy cannot thrive or
live on ignorance. That is why
in eastern North Carolina
there is less democracy and
more race hatred than in oth
er sections of the state. That is
why Mississippi, Georgia and
states of the deep South are
cesspools of race hatred and
deny even the elementary
rights of democracy to Negro
citizens. Likewise, there is no
democracy where the gover
nor or any other public offic
ial resorts to transacting the
people’s business in secrecy.
Well .intelligent Negro citi
zens of North Carolhia will
have no part of this hellish
scheme. We are of the opinion
that the fair-minded and in
telligent white people of the
state, although outnumbered
and silent for the present, are
just as much opposed to it. We
are also satisfied that if and
when the time ever comes in
this state or any section of it
when the public schools as we
now know them are closed,
the white citizens of the state
will suffer more than its Ne
gro citizens.
Negro students, teachers
and parents in the very nature
of the case are more adept at
improvising teaching facili
ties, studying in basements,
churches, one - room school
houses and second • handed
books. Only recently has the
state provided bus transporta
tion on a state-wide basis for
Negro children. So if worse
comes to worse, we will fall
back on our years of prepara
tion for it in dilapidated
school houses, inadequate fa
cilities and other disadvantag
es forced upon us by our white
brethren.
We vt^ill teach our children
in barns, in basements, in
sheds, in attics, in kitchens
and on porches. We will teach
them in the daytime and at
night. We are not so far re
moved from the pot-bellied
stoves that pneumonia will
overtake us because a class
room is not steam-heated.
With the better trained set of
teachers in the state we can
and will find a way. Our
white bretheren in their an
xiety to keep us in a state of
second class citizenship have,
unwittingly prepared us for
this hour. The challenge
which involves our struggle
for decency and human digni
ty will be met forthright.
There will be no animosity,
there will be no boasting,
there will be no hatred, there
will be no anger and before
eternal God there will be no
retreat. We will pursue our
course calmly but with firm-
esss in the f^eral courts and
within other established
frameworks of Democracy.
The God of our fathers, who
in past and sundry times has
always come in on time, and
the highest court in the land
«ure on our side. We cannot
lose. The victory may be slow
in coming, it may be delayed
and retarded by chicanery
and evil men, but it will in
the end be ouriB.
in
he Verdict |n The Virginia Case
Like a bolt out of a clear
blue sky comes the verdict of
Federal Judge John Paul last
wedc at Charlottesville, Vir
ginia on the matter of integra
tion in public schools of &at
state .Judge Paul directed at
torneys for the state of Vir
ginia and the National Asso
ciation for the Advancement
of Colored People to prepare
a joint decree ordering inte
gration in Charlottesville pub
lic schools by the fall term.
The 72-year-old jurist told
the estate and NAACP attor
neys if they cannot agree, he
will accept a decree drawn by
the latter. Goose pimples must
have popped out on the fore
head of North Carolina’s gov
ernor and attorney-general,
both of whom are now engag
ed in an abortive alliance and
plan to hold the line in this
state against abolishing segre
gated schools.
Not only did Judge Paul or
der the decree issued but se
verely criticized the state for
its delay in complying with
the U. S. Supreme Court’s ban
on segregation in public
schools. The action of Judge
Paul ought to dampen the de
termination of southerners
that they can win in their
fight to perpetuate segregated
schools, but it wont.. "niere
is no fool like an old southern
fool on the question of segre
gation. The fight will go on
to the bitter end, with death
playing on the side of right
and finally eliminating, one
by one, those who woul4. de
stroy Democracy and Chris
tianity in the South.
Segregation is the old south
erner’s god. He puts no other
before him, not even his chil-
den. He is willing to sacrifi-
fice his church, home and his
schools to maintain segrega
tion because it is the only way
by which he can continue to
feel that he is superior. He
simply must have some one
to look down upon and kick
around, ^e idea that any
court or individual would take
that right away sends him in
to hysterics.
Several days ago, Thurgood
Marshall, noted NAACP at
torney, stated that he doubt
ed the superiority of any in
dividual or group of indivi
duals who would spend over
a hundred thousand dollars of
the taxpayers’ money to fight
a case they are absolutely a-
ware of in the beginning that
they cannot win. With this we
quite agree.
White Foll(s' Business
If and when a referendum
on the several bills proposed
by Governor Hodges against
integration is held, we think
Negro voters should have no
part in it. The U. S. Supreme
Court has spoken on the issue
as well as lower federal courts
and we see no reason for Ne
gro citizens to take part in a
referendum they have little
or no chance of winning with
in the slate when they have
already won the equivalent in
th§ federal courts.
We think the greatest pro
test Negro voters can lodge a-
gainst the proposed legislation
is that of absenting themsel
ves from the ptolls if and when
the referendum is held. ’The
effort to pass any kind of leg
islation to defy the U. S. Su
preme Court and to disregard
the Constitution of the United
States is as purely “for white
folks only” as that of handling
snakes in their religious cere
monies and we should let
them have it to themselves.
Whatever Negroes have cop
led from the white naan’s re
ligious ceremonies, he has id-
ways drawn the line on hand
ling snakes to get to heaven
to keep him from going to hell
or to prove his faith in God,
Snake handling is white folks
business and we should like
wise let the referendum be
their business lest we become
victims of Its poisonous fangs.
SATURDAY
L. E. Austin ..
Clatkan Ross
JULY 21, 1956
... Publisher M. E. Jo&nson ButineMs Manager
Editor W. A.41cNmssEE „ Advertising Manager
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FACING
THE ISSUE
By Dr. A. H. Oordon
THE SOUTH AND LOST CAUSES
Ever since the founding of
this nation tke Southern leetion
of it has been strongly advoca
ting programs which have final
ly ended as “Lest Causes.” In
the struggle to adopt a Consti
tution to serve as the basic law
of the land, the South advocates
the total disfranchisement of ttie
Negroes, slave and free, while
insisting that they tibunted as
persons in arriving at popula
tion statistics for representa
tion in congress. The South won
an apparent victory in that a
provision was incorporated in
the Constitution which virtually
made the Negro three-fifths of
a man. The “victory” here how
ever proved to be Ulusory-a lost
cause-in that a few years later
as history goes, the Fourteenth
and Fifteenth Amendments to
the federal constitution made
the “three-fifth compromise’’
null and void.
Even b^ore the final failure
of this first “Lost Cause", the
South began defending the
Second great Iiost Cause. The
South precipatated the Civil
War for the purpose of perpetu
ating the evil institution of hu
man slavery. Of course the
South precipated the Civil
it was fighting for slavery, ad
vertising to the world ttot it
was fighting for local self-go-
vernment
However, England and France
the two great potential allies,
saw through this sham and re
fused to aid the South in this
shameful effort to keep human
beings in the status of animala.
In spite of the fact that the
best general of the time. Ro
bert E. Lee, becanM a traitor to
the country to help the South
maintain slavery, the Civil War
ended as the Second great Lost
Cause of this section. With this
great. "Lost Cause” went other
smaller ones.
Now the South is engaged in
another traitorous civil war, al
though this latest one is at pre
sent a "cold war”. We refer, of
course, to contemporary fight of
the South to defeat the Supreme
Court decision against segrega
tion in public education. With
out fear, we predict that the end
of this nefarious “cold war” will
be written in the history books
as another, perhaps the final,
“Lost Cause” of the South. Let
us hope and pray that it is the
last!
An American's hnpressions
OfTheUfeOfGhandi
Editor’s Note: Beginning this
week, the TIMES will carry a
series of articles on the life of
the late Indian spiritualist and
leader, Mohandas K. Ghandi.
The articles were prepared by
Miss Mary Mills, a colonel in
the U. S. Army nurses corps.
Miss Mills has spent several
years In Lebanon, where she
has been assigned to a U.S.
Mission. In her long years of ser
vice in the Near East, generally
considered as one of the few
places on the globe where ideas
from both hemispheres meet she
has been attracted to the cus
toms and ideas of peoples of
the East. Beciiuse of exposure to
currents of ideas from the East,
she prepared this series on the
life of Ghandi, perhaps the most
articulate Easterner of our time
and certainly one whose influ
ence on the West has been by
far the most profound.
FOREWORD
“The Light has gone out of
our lives”, said Prime Minister
Jewaharlal Nehru in an im
promptu radio address upon the
martyrdom of Gandhi; “there
is darkness everywhere.” Could
it be that Gandhi’s light ceased
to shine since he was no longer
with us in his puny buudle of
flesh and bones? Correcting
himself Nehru continued; “I was
wrong, for the light that shone
in this country was no ordinary
light. The light that illumined
this country for these many
years will illumine this country
for many years; and a thousand
years'later, that light will be
seen in thl? country, and the
world will see it and it will give
solace to innumerable hearts.
For the light represented some
thing more than the immediate
present; it represented the living
truth, reminding us of the right
path, drawing us from error,
taking this ancient country to
freedom.”
For one of Gandhi’s trusted
disciples, often referred to' as
one of the stories relating to
Jesus’ relationship with the
high-minded and heroic women
who clustered about HIM dur
ing his ministry in Palestine
many centuries ago...when she
heard the news she remarked;
They Have Become One.
Gandhi and God had now be
come ONE. Gandhi had replied
a few days before to a question
from this disciple when she ask
ed him if he would have the
time to come for the opening
ceremony of some of the work
and to give it his blessing. Don’t
think of my coming, and then
as if speaking to himself, he ask
ed “what Is the good of count
ing on a corpse?” And now this
prophetic reference had been
fulfilled. Again the blood of an
avatar Iwd flowed for the sal
vation of mankind.
1869—1048
Mahatma Gandhi, the leader
of the Indian people, of India’s
hard won struggle for indepen
dence died at the hands of one
of his fellow Hindi’s just before
the beginning of prayers on
Januaix 30, 1948. And yet the
inspiration of his life and his
spiritual teachings live on in
the hearts and minds of the peo
ple throughout the world. He
lived to see the independence of
his beloved India but like the
prophet Moses was not permit
ted to witness the birth of the
Republic which took place on
January 20, 1060.
Gandhi was bom on October
2, 1869, in Porbandar, a small
sea side village in western In
dia. His father was an unletter
ed man but was known, so far as
geography Is concerned, for his
impartiality in his immediate
family and on the outside. He
was devoted to his clan, truth
ful, brave and courageous.
The father was married to an
unlettered Hindu girl and
Gandhi was their fourth child.
He always remembered his
(Continued on Page Seven)
INVITING THE UNDERTAKER-
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Spiritual Insight
“PRESERVING FOR THE REWARD”
By REVEREND HAROLD ROLAND
Pastor» Mount Gilead Baptist Church
“Persevere until Cod gives you
your reward...” II John 1:8.
Through the ages perseverance
has been a great Christian vir
tue. The true believer has been
steadfast amid the most trying
conditions. Those who would
live the good life in a world of
evil must persevere. Those who
would enjoy the blessed fruits
of peace and righteousness must
have this spiritual quality. Yes,
those who would achieve life’s
worthwhile goals must be able
to endure. And above all, those
who would receive the crown of
righteousness must persevere
and pass victorious through
hardships, trials, insults, perse
cution and suffering.
John, therefore, out of his
many struggles and battles of
the Christian life rightly re
minds us to...“Persevere until
God gives you your reward..
The Christian should be re
minded that his or her labors in
the Lord are not in vain. An
act of goodness Is never lost A
stand for right is never in vain.
Our battles for truth will be
rewarded. Many times our
struggles for righteousness seem
wasted. The Devil will tempt
you to believe that your labors
are in vain. Hold on in the bat
tle for righteousness and God
will reward your efiorts. A note
was found beside the body of a
young man on the decisive bat
tle of Gettysburg 8aying...‘Tell
my father I died facing the
enemy...” Hold high the banner.
Fight on for Christ and his
cause. Your labors are not in
vain. God will reward you.
John is saying hold your
ground for God will reward you.
John saw the reward and held
his ground on Patmos. Stephen
was steadfast amid the volley
of stones that crushed him to
death. Jeremiah held his ground
in the mire of the dark dungeon.
Gandtii saw the fruits of free
dom as he held on amid suffer
ings and imprisonments. Hold
your ground too, for the reward
of the righteous is sure. Flo
rence Nightingale was misun
derstood, discotuaged and
blocked; but-God rewarded her
in her great service of love and
mercy... “Persevere until God
gives you your reward...”
The persevering Saint has the
guarantee of CrOd’s glorious re
ward. God will reward the
faithful with peace and joy.
And the final reward of the
faittiful in Christ Jesus is the
Crown^of a good TIfe...“Be thou
faithful unto death and I’ll give
thee a crown of life...”
Capital Close Up .
“The Boycott Is a Double-Edged
Sword."—Thurgood Marshall
-Probers Pick Crump’s Ax-Man
On Saturday, July 7, Sub
committee Chairman James C.
Davis, of Georgia, announced
the appointment of William E.
Gerber of Memphis, to the D. C.
School Integration Probe post
rejected by Supreme Court foe
Leander Peres of Louisiana.
Gerber, Russlan-bom immi
grant who became chief lieu
tenant and ax-man for Mem
phis’ corrupt Crump adminis
tration, ruled for over two de
cades over Shelby County, Ten
nessee, (which includes Mem
phis) as its attorney general,
and has been credited with out-
Crumping hi^ late boss.
The story in the Washington
'Dally News, for July 9, by the
Memphis Press-Scimitar’s Clark
Porteous, a Nieman Fellow and
veteran of 23 years on the Mem
phis press, spelled out Gerber
as a “belligerent tyi>e prosecu
tor, usually successful and on
some occasions so vindictive...
that Ugher courts reversed his
convictions,” ud as a political
boss who played his politics so
tough that even the Criun ma
chine finally shelved him.
"One Long Nightmare”
Race leaders in Memphis
support Porteous’ story and re
fer to Gerber’s SO-'odd jrears U
prosecuting attorney, there, as
“one long nightmare for Ne
groes.” They warn that the Da
vis Committee Investigator is a
“keen, conniving opportunist,”
who “played Crump’s game and
must be constantly watched."
They cite Gerber as the Mem
phis prosecutor' who killed off
a meeting called for Sleeping
Car Porter chief A. Philip Ran
dolph, in October, 1843, when
Gerber called in twenty Negeo
leaders and warned t^t they
“would be responsible,” if
anything happtnad,” and polnt-
BY CONSTANCB DANIEL
ed out tliat Memphis papers al
ready are carrying the story
that Integration in the Federal
City "has not been going too
well”—hence the committee to
Investigate school, integration.
Thurgood Talks a Walk
If we heard correctly, and
we think that we did, Thurgood
Marshall's committee-meeting
walk-out at San Francisco, ta-
ken in protest over attempts to
stretch the Rights organization
into the field of social and eco
nomic programming, should be
a warning bell to any earnest
and sincere workers in the field
of civil rights.
It is our information that a
'resolution concerning housing
was the point of conflict. If so,
there have been many straws in
the wind which started to blow
at the housing “Press Confer
ence” called at the Statler Ho
tel, here, a year ago, by Urban
League’s national director, Les
Granger, a performance (we
sat in), which did “Rights" ad
vocates no credit and convinced
few. There have been many
straws since, including recent
pronouncements on housing by
Mrs. Roosevelt
But anyone who, thereby, ex
pected Thurgood to “straddle”
a policy issue, as an NAACP
official, here, suggested that he
should have done on a’ boytott
query, some weeks back—just
didn’t know Thurgood. He Is a
fighter who Inspires confidence
because he always puts his brain
before hia brawn. We believe
tha^ he always will.
Debt-Free Dedication
The debt-free dedication, on
July 8, of the new brick, glass-
facade dormitory at Educator
Nannie Helen Biuroughs’ Pro
fessional School for Women, at
Lincoln Heights, marked a new
day in building financing by
private institutions of learning
diractad bgr Na«roM. ^ •
r
•i
The building, designed and
constructed by Negroes, was
financed by the contributions of
Negroes, and particularly by the
Women’s Convention, Auxilary
of the National Baptist Conven
tion, Inc., wliich was also re
sponsible for the purchase of the
Magruder McDonald , mansion,
now the Foreign Mission Re
treat House, here. The valiant
efforts of these women, and
others, made it possible to dedi
cate the 52-room, 200 thousand
dollar dormitory, with its mo
dem furnishings and facilities,
completely free of debt.
Hundreds of visitors witness
ed the dormitory dedication
wtiich marked the opening of a
new building program at the
school launched by mim Bur
roughs nearly half a century
ago, when she bought the hill
side farm on the Capital’s out
skirts, for six thousand dollars.
The projected bidlding program
will include a chapel, a library
and a science building.
Dr. Mordecai Wyatt Johnson,
Howard University president,
delivered the dedicatory ad
dress—called the debt-free dedi
cation “an achievement of ro
bust world significance. Miss
Burroughs, punctual as always,
presided. Dr. Johnson, arriving
nearly an hour late, spoke well
Congraaswoman Frances Bolton;
of Cleveland, w«s a platform
guest. The school’s superbly
trained choir rendered familiar
hymns with spirit and interest.
MdUVB I
    

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