North Carolina Newspapers

In an editorial of Saturday, April 27, en- showed a lack of knowledge of affairs in
titled “Civil Kights," the Dubuam Sun, Dur- this state that was enough to arouse think-
hun’s evening newspaper, takes the attitude ing voters to the extent of casting their bal>
that it is just grand and glorious that “North lots against him in all future elections. On the
Carolina's Attorney General ha« added his contrary, we predict that if Ervin keeps on
voice to that of Senator Snm Ervin,” who is frothing at the mouth against civil rights
opposed to civil rights or any legislation that legislation, he will not only regain his senate
has as its purpose the securing of a better seat but will win by one of the greatest
citizenship status for Negroes. What, we majorities in the state’s political history,
would like to ask the Sum, is there to be ex- North Carolina’s white voters are not in-
pected of a North Carolina politician or any terested in being represented in Congress by
other aspirant for public oiiice in the South? a real statesman. They showed their colors
There is not now in office in this state or out about this when they went to the polls and
of this state, from senator, governor on deliberately defeated the greatest statesman
down to town constable, a single holder of North Cibolina has produced in the past half
public office who has ever dared or would century. Dr. Frank F. Graham, for the sen-
dare raise his voice in defense of even ele- ate in favor the late Senator Willis Smith
mentary civil rights for Negroes. Such an act whose main qualification was his anti-Negro
on his part, so far as his white constituency is stand. “Uatesmanship” for white southern
concerned, would be pure political suicide, office seeJcers is always more important that
What Senator En^ and the Attorney statesmanship.
General are doing is building their political Both Senator Ervin and Attorney General
fences with the one tool that all soutiiem Patton know that there is absolutely no dan-
politicians know will always work and that ger of the federal government usurping the
is an anti-Negro campaign. White southern powers delegated to state government be-
voters are usually a Aimple lot, and politicians cause of civil rights legislation. They should
know it and are quick to use anti-Negro know that the greatest danger to any gov-
smoke screens to cover up their of ernment is the unequal dispensation of jus-
knowledge about public issues. tice, such as has been going on for nearly a
It is a sad state of affairs in the South when century in the South with regards to its Ne-
the surest way to get elected to public office gro citizens. They know that behind all
iii for a white office seek to scream nigger, their screaming about states rights, there is
nigger the loudest and the longest We are the unholy desire of the South to continue to
of the opinion that if Senator Ervin would exploit, murder, humiliate and otherwise
run for the presidency of the United States, take advantages of its Negro citizens in every
he would have only one opponent that would other manner it pleases without, what it
keep him from running off with the white calls, outside interference,
southern vote, lock, stock and barrel in a Because of what Senator Ervin has been
walk, and that is John Kasper of Clinton, doing to preserve the southern way of life in
Tennessee illfame. Dixie he is now the new darling of the Old
When Ervin made the statement at a U. S. South, both of whom are as dead as an an-
Senate hearing that he knew of no single in- cient Egyptian mummy. The only difference
stance in North Carolina in which a qualified is the Egyptians knew how to embalm dead
Negro had been prohibited from voting, he bodies so they would not stink.
We congratulate the Negro miaisters of Such a statement was made solely for the
GiMnsboro for tha ctand they hav^ taken in purpose of discouxaging the ministers Jn
By Alice A. Dunnlgan
tilke a well organized foot
ball team, the Southern lolons
In Washington have initiated
new technique for blocking
civil rights legl«lation. Missis
■ippi’s controvertal Senator
James O. Kaitland, captain of
the "Down-Home” team is stay
ing in the background and call
ing the signals lor other trusty
Reports around Capitol Hill
are that Eastland has delegated
North Carolina’s Senator Sam
Ervin to carry the ball. And has
unofficially appointed Senator
John McClellan of Arkansas as
the vicious hatchet man.
Because Senator Ervin is con
sidered a smart Constitutional
lawyer, rumors have lt>that he
has been instructed to oppose
civil rights on a high legal level,
arguing against this legislation
in complicated technical terms.
His Job is to seek tiny tech
nicality which might be blown
up with foul air of hysteria,
thus frightening and intimida
ting the witnesses.
Then comes Senator McClel
lan to puncture the inflated ball
with some, sharp phrase of
tiireat which might cause wit
nesses to retract former bold
statements and run with fright
to shelter.
This new play was recently
put into action when Senator
Ervin made an attempt in com
mittee bearings to discredit
some of the southern Negro wit
nesses. Later Senator McClellan
emerged from a closed-door
meetmg of the full Senate Judi
ciary Committee with informa
tion for AP reporter that some
of the NAACP-sponsored wit
nesses had “committed perjury”
in'their testimony before the
subcommittee and the FBI was
making a check on thm.
This statement was obvious
an attempt to frighten the
NAACP into silence on condi
tions of the South. But the
NAACP doesn’t scare easily, so
Roy Wilkins contacted the FBI
to find out if they had made
check on any of the civil rights
North Carolina Out Of Step With
Many Other Progressive States
The Association was informed
that the FBI has made no inves
tigation of any witnesses. When
the NAACP executive backed
McClellan into a comar he said
1mm ^>ycott of all thea^ that op. tbeic-«£(Mrt *nd that th^ will
' ' of that fact aad eoBtteua to feh6w-
ticism we have is that the stand they have age their people to hold out whatever the
taken has been so very long in comingnt is consequences.
here however and we predict that it will be Add to the above incident the recent stand
followed by Negro ministers in other cities taken by Negro doctors who are members of
like Charlotte, Winston-Salem, Durham, the Old North State Medical Society and you
fialeigh, Salisbury and elsewhere. will get a picture of what ia happening on
The struggle for human dignity must be “"other professional front that heretofore
made on all fronts, especially those we term
as “luxury fronts,” such as theaters and membership in the North Carolina
athleUc parks. In addition it certainly must Medical Society on a scientifid basis but re-
be made in our churches and the ministers assertion frdm its president,
who head the churches are the proper ones to Davis of Charlotte, that such
take the lead. If they will do this we are acceptable. “Limtied membership
satisfied that the masses will foUow. ^ enough,” said Dr. Davis. “Membership
that differs from any type of regular mem-
While we are on this subject we would bership or has any limitations is not accept-
like to ask our lawyers to look into the mat- sble.”
ter of states, counties and municipaliUes Far out in front of the parent white
renting or leasing public buildings for segre- medical society of the state is the Mecklen-
gated use. For a number of years we have burg unit that has voted Negro physicians
had a doubt in our minds that if this question of that county the right to full membership,
were taken before the U. S. Supreme Court n was to Asheville that the state body mov
that it would stand up. After all the real ed its 103rd annual convention from Pine-
quesUon is whether or not such governments hurst for the first thne in several years, with
have a right to do indirectly what they do its president, Dr. V. K. Hart of Charlotte,
not have a right to do directly. Or whether the county seat of Mecklenburg, taking the
they have a right to encourage segregation
by providing places where it may be carried xhis is racoturaging to those of us in North
Carolina who want to see this state take the
■The ministers of Greensboro and their lead in the South to charting a new cour«, in jTwe^l! m
foUowers may as weU prepare for a counter better race relations. It is the kind of lead- tributors, retaUer* and others,
attack from the enemy. Very soon attempts ership seldom found in these parts whc;i% "There are approximately 18,
will be made to minimize their efforts in the even liberal white persons are too often
press and elsewhere. In fact that has al- afraid to face the reprisals that come when
ready begun in that the story carried in the called upon to take a stand for Negro rights,
daily newspapers was careful to state that Not only is the stand taken by the white and
the manager of the theater said “the boycott Negro doctors Christian but it is democratic
was not affecting business in any manner.” and true Americanism. „
He further explained that he
“understood that the FBI had
made a clieck on some incidents
they had testified to and found
their testimony to be untrue."
Wilkins said the NAACP has
“full confidence in tl>e integrity
and veracity of all witnesses",
adding that: ‘‘The record of
civil rights violations is -such
that it does not require any
exaggeration, elaboration or tal
Another example of the
“new-look" maneuver being en
gineered by Senator Eastland is
seen in the theory advanced by
Senator £rvln that “the civil
rights bills are designed to de
prive Americans of their his
toric right of trial by Jury.”
After Senator Ervin originat
ed this argument it is being
used by ail opponents of the
bills In floor speeches almost
every day in the Senate.
In commenting on this theory,
Congressman Adam Clayton
Powell of New York said in a
recent ^peeca ui Atlanta, Ga.,
that thin same Senator Ervin
bad an exact opposite Judicial
opinion when he was a member
of the North Carolina Supreme
Under North Carolina sta
tutes," said Powell, “an indivi
dual accused of contempt does
not receive a Jury triaL And
while Senator Ervm was Jus
tice Ervin, he militantly en
forced that contempt law. In
four different cases he voted to
uphold the convictions of indi
viduals charged with contempt
of court, not one of whom had
received a jury trial. All four
of these cases involved textile
mill workers. The trick of course
in back of Senator Ervin’s new
change of heart is that he knows
that under a Jury system no
southern white jury would con
vict local officials who had de
nied the right to vote to Negro
Powell agreed tliat the rant-
ings and raving of Eastland are
now being soft pedaled and that
Ervin is being pushed forward
as the spokesman for the South.
This is perhaps to Ervin’s liking
because he has received more
publicity in the past three
montlis than he had received in
his nearly three previous years
in the Senate of the United
States. ■ \
Pastw, Meoat M1—i Baptist Ghoivli
‘‘North Carolina is out of step
with other progressive states
in the failure of many Tar Heel
banks to clear checks of face
value, and the public is un-
neccessarily suffering because
of it,” a par banking spokesman
said here last week.'He further
stated that “par banks would
be derelict in their duty if they
did not use every effort to elimi
nate this costly and unjustified
expense for their customers.”
President A. D. Shackelford
of the National Bank of Wilson
is heading a recently-chartered
group which is seeking to elimi
nate by law the practice in
which some banks charge the
recipient of a check a fee for
paying his checks when it is
presented through the mai^.
Shackelford’s group is the As
sociation For Payment of Checks
at Face Value. It was formed
last month by “par” banks,
which charge no such clearance
SOO banks operating 21,200
banking offices throughout the
48 states,” Shackelford said.
-Ninety per cent of. them levy
no fee for clearing checks^ pre
sented for payment through the
mails. However, in North Caro
lina the siory. is quite' different
because we have a ^dispropor
tionate number of^; ‘non-par’
banks which refuse to clear
these checks at full value.
“North Carolina has a total
of 559 banks and branches but
only 58 per cent of them clear
checks at face value-, compared
with the national percentage of
90. Our state is even out of step
with her southern neighbors b
cause the percentage of banks
which pay in full for checks
presented through the malls Is
99.6 in Virginia, 99.4 in West
Virginia and 66.6 per cent in
South Carolina, “Shackelford
“North Carolina is out of step
with other progressive states In
the failure of many Tar Heel
banks to clear checks at face
value, and the public Is un
necessarily suffering because of
it. Par banks would be derelict
in their duty if they >did not
use every effort to eliminate,
this costly and unjustified ex
pense for their customers,” he
Phones 5-0671 and 2-2S1S — Durham, North Carolina
Published At Durham, North Carolina Every Saturdav Bti
Entered as second class matter at the Post 0//ice of Durham, North Carolina
der the Act of March 3,1879.
Ij* E. AUSTIN, PublislMf
M. E. JOHNSON, Controller ‘•HT-
One Year Ten Cents Single Copy
Six Months $4.00 — Foreign Countries.
Anglican Bishop
Sohres Boycott
ca—Anglican Bishop Richard
Ambrose Reeves of Johaimes-
burg played an important part
in persuading Africans to end
a three-month boycott of pub
lic buses started after a fare
After he had conferred with
boycott leaders and local Na
tive Affairs officials, the Afri
can workers agreed to a com
promise proposed by the Jo
hannesburg Chamber of Com
merce, which offered to subsi
dize the raise in fare. Earlier,
they had erected a similar pro
The boycott began January 7
after the transit company an
nounced a penny raise In fare
for the ten-mlle ride between
Johannesburg and Alexandra
Township, a segregated area
where 80,000 Africans have
their dwellings. Leaders of the
boycott contended that since
the government forced them to
live far from their work, it
should bear transportation costs.
They have agreed to buy from
the Chamber of Commerce for
four pence bus coupons worth
five pence, the fare demanded
by the bus line. Bishop Reeves’
part in ending the boycott Is re
garded here as a triumph of
peaceful reasoning over antago
nlstlc coercion.
"And he cast oat many de
mons...” Hlark 1;S4.
Christ has power over de
mons or manifestations of the
unholy spirit. All too often we
allow the dark powers of the
unholy spirit to dwell iii our
minds, hearts and souls. And it
is so easy for this unholy spirit
to invade and occupy our souls.
A fit of anger and the Holy
Spirit is gone and the ugly de
monic power is in our souls. My
friends, it is a spiritual impossi
bility to have the HOLY and the
unholy spirit at the same time.
One demon is bad enough.
Sometimes several demons en
ter and possesses our souls.
Thank God Jesus has power
over demons. And what a bles
sing that he gives us teis same
power over the ugly demonic
powers which enter our souls.
Those who really give them
selves to Jesus are given pow
er over the dark demonic for
ces of evil. In the new birth or
regeneration, the soul is purged
of sin and evil. In this act, the
Holy Spirit comes into the soul
for sanctification. We are i>ar-
doned. And we are given the
power of Holy living. Christ
gives to the redeemed soul pow
er over demons. He promised
the disciples power over all
evil. In the act of giving our
selves to God, we are given,
God’s power to overcome e-vil
demonic powers and influences.'
How can I fight these dark,
ugly powers in my soul? How
can I overcome and rout the
evil, demonic powers in others?
The i>ower of the Holy Spirit
helps us to cast out and over
come demons.
Only the mightier power of
love can cast out and overcome
the evil, demonie pewM« in our
own souls and in the souls of
others. The life of Jesus demon
strated this great spiritual truth.
The .Gospel teaches this great
spiritual truth. Thank God that
tBere is a power to rout and
cast out evil. Love overcomes
evil. Love drives out evil. Evil
is blind and unreasoning. Evil
enslaves and destroys. Evil in
its blind unreasoning finally
kills itself. It carries the seed
of destruction in its very na
ture. ’Thus the Love of God in
Christ Jesus can cast out and
defeat evil, lliie Love of God
that offers itself on Calvary’s
Cross is a power to defeat and
cast out demons in our souls.
Yes, God’s love, a love that
loves the unlovely, has power to
cast out demonic powers in our
souls. He...“Cast out many de
mons...” And we, too, in him,
have the power to cast out and
defeat demons.
Demons make men mad, furi
ous and destructive. Demons
make your sool-tr battleground.
The demons bring death to the
soul. The Holy Spirit gives
souls of men. The lo-ve of God
drives out the demons and
leaves God's ]>eace and Joy in
your soul. •
By R^kwt Sirivaek
Watch on ilie
FolWUlti !0
Civil Rights
Mr. Spivaek
Everybody wants taxes cut.
Every politician wants credit
for cutting taxes. But whosf
taxes should be cut? Where is
the fat in the national bugdet?
Here we are barely six
months after a bitter national
eleOtion and we find Republi
cans screaming “too big”, while
the Democrats are busily defen
ding “Ike” Eisenhower's
tional budget. It sounds crazy
and it is crazy.
Certainly no well informed
Washington correspondent will
doubt that there is tremendous
waste in many branches of
federal operations. There have
ben countless congressioiial in-
vestlgatlons of this subject and
the objective Inquiries always
end up pointing the finger in
one direction: the biggest source
of waste is in the D^ense Dept.
But there is hardly a member
of Congress who will get up and
talk about it. Yet 60 per cent of
your tax dollar goes for “na
tional aecurity” projects. How
much military money is mis
spent or sheer waste we shall
probably never know.
You invent an A-bomb and
within a year or two it’s out-
mod^. ThMi you invent an B
bomb. Pretty soon it's out of
date. 'Hien the guided mi«nn»
and on and on and on.
Does anyone propose taking a
long, hard look at defense
spending? Of course not. Ihe
fear of Communist aggression
and infiltration is real enough.
But sometimes one wonders if
the Soviet arms-makers and our
armament manufacturers are in
cahoots. Each seems to be say
ing, "You’ll throw a scare into
our country and we’ll throw a
scare into yours and we’ll both
be prosperous.”
While the pace of the arms
race quickens, the battle for
better schools proceeds with
the speed of a snalL We hear
solemn warnings from such
“statesmen” as Sen. Byrd of
Virginia and Bridges of New
Hampshire that welfare pro
grams must be trimmed so that
the “children of the future” will
have a solvent government
But Is that really the choice?
When Treasury Secretary
George M. Humphrey and Un-:
dersecretary Randolph Burgess
talk of making cuts they are
looking at the problem through
bankers* eyes. Helping to build
schools or raising the living
standard in backward countries
are not the kind of Investments
which pay quick or certain
Here again we return to this
matter of armaments. Humph
rey and Burgess, when spaaUng
of foreign aid, do not incltide
military “hardware”-jet planes
to Kkig Saud or tanks for other
Arab potentates. They m—« to
cut down the things that mi^t
eliminate disease, trachoma, and
malnutrition in those countries.
And ^~whefc—tfe*— right-'vrtag
propagandist talk of tax cuts,
they dtm’t necessarily mean you
and me. A good medumic, with
a wife and two chUdrea, who
earns $5,000 a year pays $416
in taxes. But a stockholder in
a big corporation with the same
income would pay only $206 in
And if he derived it from
royalties on oil wells he’d pay
Granted that there is con
siderable waste and Inefficiency,
not to mention special privileges
for certain segments of big in
dustry, is the budget too big?
Most economists seem to think
it has Just about kept pace with
(1) our growing population and
(2) our expanding economy.
The fact seems to be that, per
centage-wise, the 1958 budget
has shrunk from one-fifth of
national output in 1954 to one-
sixth right now.
None of this, of course, is con
soling to people who f^l that
their taxes are too hl^. But if
we are going to cut, the place
would appear to be In those
military areas which were de
scribed. as “operation rat-hole.”
Certainly the place is not in
schools, social security, old age
pensions and similar projects
where we now spend leas than a
one-third of our tax dollar.
The suggestion that military
outlays could be made more
efficient may stir up a brand
new ocmtroversy, bnt we are in*
cllaed to go along With the guy
K^ho said of gnns and bombs,
“Let’s get more bang for a

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