North Carolina Newspapers

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Wmid Body He
s Guard Health of Congolese
International Medical Teams
. Serving Country's 14 Million
CLOSE COLLAtpi^lON b*.
• elector Of Rod
Cro$s ta«m Mid a Congoloao auxt-
llary at Kintambo hospital In
Loo|>oldvilla.
Carolina Catholics Told By Bishops
To Prei^re For Eventual Integration of Schools
WASHINGTOI?^ ti.'C.—All Cath-
olii» who atteAd^^ Mass May in
Georgia and Soatii Carolina re
ceived from ;their'M>l»hops a “tre
mendous challenge” to n^ove
juSlce" III race xelations.
In lepmte though, iiiential Len
ten pastoral leUeb, the bishops
of the dioceses of tHiarleston, S.
Ch and of SavaoMh and Atlanta,
Ga., announced a ' three-point pro
gram and asked clergy and laity
to offer “daily prayers and sadri-
fices to God for the peaceful solu-
UQnL”^o£ -"lbe. tace.. i|He5tiQh.”. -
Bishops Thomas J. McDonough
of Savannah, Francis B. Hyland' of
Atlanta and Paul J. Hallinan of
Charleston had separfitely direct
ed that their individual state
ments be read at all Sunday Masses
in every church and mfssi^on.
The prelates affirm aS t policy;
(I) that “Catholics pupils, .regard
less of color, will be adn^tted to
Catholics schools as 'soon as this
can , be done with safety to the
children and the schoolij” (2) that
“Negro schools wiU be continued
as long as there is peed;” (3) that
each diocese will begin immedi
ately "a program of preparation”
to “explain the full Catholic teach- “^eat numbers, but upon great
ing on racit^l justice” through
“pastoral letters, sermons, study
clubs and school instruction.”
Each . Bishop said that- “with
►i-'-tenaiort linounting, the^ “prayers'
Cfiurclv Must 8{>eik out cleatly'
and hbt “abondon leader^ip to
the extremists Who^e only creed
is fear and hatred.”
■ l^eclaring that this “hatred is
neither Christian nor American,”
they quote tlie Bible and th6
Declaration of Independence t6
prove their assertion.
Tb« ~BislM>p» agree 4hat 4be
gency” in improving race reta-
tions applies to “every part of
the Cnited States where racial dis^
crimination is practiced.”
At the same time, they call
upon their own subjects to make
“an honest effort to influence
way of life that has prevailed for
many decades” in the South. “Now,
both whites and Negroes face V
tremendous challegene—to live in
a community with full Christian
justice for both.
The Bishops note that Catholics
are but a small fraction of the
local population and that Catho
lic influence is based not upon
lipkYiNir Mini Here
and Watch it Grow
.. Two vrgys to make yow
money grow —
"Patience will pay prof
its" by holding some of your
dollars out of the "^pending
llnd."
Save regularly while
you are earhlng.
Patience and saving re^
ulprly at this Bank will make
your money grow.
Mechanics & Farmers Bank
iiew.PirtBhst
Durham, N. C.
faith.” Tliey say that as times
have changed, “our people have
wavered. Nor will they now.”
Meanwhile, they ask for the
and “understanding” of
“all men, of whatever ffe^On or
race” and "assure all men that
with justice and prudence the
Catholic Church in the Deep South
will continue to meet her moral
commitments.”
One Accident Can
Make Yon N. €.*s Next
Traffic Victim
, It would be easy to find out
whAt causey all the traffic acci
dents that happen each year
North Carolina. Just ask anybody,
Everybody has an answer to the
problem. The answers you will
hear will include, teenage drivers
cause all the accidents, slowpoke
drivers, old rattle trap cars, drunk
en drivers, speeders and careless
drives. There is one fellow though
that never causes a traffic acci
dent. That will be the driver you
ask. Few people will admit they
are not good drivers. The North
Carolina Department of Motor Ve
hicles says don’t waste too much
-time loking -for the cause of traf
fic accidents. Check the fellow’s
driving that is behind the steer
ing wheel of your car. That fellow
is YOU. Check your own traffic
habits carefully. Y6u will find
that in a very short time you make
4nany mistakes that could cause a
deadly traffic mishap. One acci
dent is all it takes for you to be
North Carolina’s next traffic vic
tim. Be careful. Slow down and
live.^
Don’t Depend on
Your Hair
Few baldheaded men like to be
kidded about. But there’s a fellow
in London with good reason to be
glad he is bald. He bought a
toupee of thi^k red hair to. cover
the bald spot. The next day a rob
ber struck him over the head
with an axe handle and the thatch
of hair was credited with saving
his life. Be that as it may, don’t
depend on your hair to save your
life in the event of a traffic ac
cident. Instead give some serious
thought to automobile seat belts.
They are proven safety devices
and will protect driver and passen
ger when installed properly and
used. ■ ,
Editor's Not*: Whilo tho p^l-
tleal Ollifotion in tho CoAgo
throaton* fo eomplotoly dostroy
that young nations' attwnptc'to
gain suability, a problom ivit a*
grave facod tho Congo's 14 ntil-
llon Inhabitantc. ThI* is tho »or1-
out Itfuo of tho country's hoalMi.
To moot t*»lf tmomoney, tho
World, Hoalth Organization, a
moiical sorvlco group function
ing undor tho auspices of Hm
United Nations, dispatehod an
•morgoncy modical toam to the
Congo. Following Is a report
from tho World Hoalth ptAllca-
tion for Doeombor peporting tfw
progroia of M«o medical toam.
The crisis in the* Congo serious
ly affected health conditions
throughout the country.
In 1958, the Congo had 459
hospitals and 2,483 dispensaries
The ranks of the health workers
included 381 medical auxiliaries,
1,239 female nurses and 5,663
male nurses, medical assistants,
orderlies, midwives, assistant mid-'
wives and auxiliary male nurses.
Medical facilities at Lovanium
and Elizattethville and three spe
cial schools of tropical medicine
(at Leopoldville, Stanleyville and
Elisabethville) have bean set up
since 1954.
Medial auxiliaries receive their
education at three special schools.
The Congo has 11 schools for male
nurses, 3 for sanatarians, 4 for
nurse midwives, 33 for assistant
midwives and 70 for auxiliary
male nurses.
In 1958, there were in the Con
go 703 doctors, 82 pharmacists,
43 dentists and 11 biologists, all
Europeans.
But, when shortly tfter the
coui)try was granted its indepen
dence and many of the European
physicians left, there remained a
huge gap in professional medical
services to be filled.
In 1^, tiiere is nu^ ppe
golese doctor. In i^St, flier*
probably be two. In 1969 possibly
20.
These figures indicate how
grave a problem the CoAgo had
suddenly to face.
With the ranks of the medical
profession depleted, the Cong(h
lese government appealed for in-
temationiili assistance in order to
•b^ Afaltt ^ aalntaih Hefclth-e^
view, which. were |n dangM of
collapsing.
Many countri^ responded at
once. The World H6alth Organi
zation, for its part, sent a group of
senior staff membelrs. Dr. M. G
Candau, director-general of WHO
(World Health Organization) went
in person from Geneva to Leor
poldville on two occasions in,order
to confer with the Congolese gov
ernment ai\d the United Nations,
and to plan the work of many in
ternational health teams.
When the first WHO staff mem
bers arrived in the Congo, the
situation might be summarized as
follows: there were first class hos
pitals, modern laboratories and
^ood auxiliary staff. But the coun
try had no Congolese doctors.
It was up to the World Organi
zation to advise Congolese author
ities on how the many interna
tional medical teams might be em
ployed to the best advantage of
the country.
A statement from Dr. Candau,
director general of WHO, gave the
following; appraisal of what the
health organization hopes to
achieve on its Congo mission:
Th» primary task of the group
of WHO officers who are today in
the Congo is to assist the Ministry
of Health in taking emergency
measures to hiaintain services in
such fields as public health ad
ministration, medical care-, sani
tary engineering, laboratory work,
and nursing. They are also seeing
to it that the best possible use is
made of the medical teams some
governments and many national
Red Cross Societies have gen«fr-
ously put at the disposal of the
Congo in response to the appeal'
made by the International Red
Cross and the League ,of Red
Cross Societies. . . .
For tomorrow, our major job
is to help the Congo to train its
own physicians who form the basis
of health service in any country.
This will be part of  the general
social and economic development,
which must be the Congo’s path
iif she is to take her full place
Some Anger!
From London comes news that
an irate motorist grabbed a ham
mer arid practically demolished
his automobile when ^t stalled in
traffic. He was hailed into court
and fined 14 dollars (or was it
pounds?) for littering the ' high
way. It may sound like a funny
story but when you think of it
North Carolina highways are often
littered with wrecked cars because
drivers lose their tempers. The
State Highway Patrol says when
you lose your temper you lose
your good manners and you become
a dangerous driver. Tempers and
traffic make a deadly combination.
You must control your emotions
and use courtesy to be a safe driv
er. Think it over. There is an old
saying. “Here today and gone to
morrow.” That could be turned
around a bit to say, “Mad today
^d gone tomorrow.” So keep
cpol, calm and collectcd and use
courtesy when you drive.
in the community of free na
tions.”
NCC STUDEIIT PREXY Toll*
Visiting Brazilian Stufienti of
Sit-in PnAlomv—Locy Strooter
(extreme left), president of tho
North Carolina College Stu«tent
Government Association and Hie
leader of the sit-in movement
here, explains the probtems in
volved to ■ grou** o» Brwiliaw
student leodor* wlio *tai*o tbo
NCC campus rocontly.
They Won Cars in Carnation Stakes
TOP U. S. CAR WINNER—^James Thomas Cherry of PortS"
mouth, Virginia, is the top U. S. winner in the CARnatioa CAR-
nival car contest. Cherry, shown with his wife, Carol, was awarded
a glamorous new 1961 Jiincoln Continental. The grand prise—a
$16,000 Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud sedan—^was won by a-Canadian
Urmer’s wife. \
PHILADELPHIA WINNERS—Mrs. Lorraine Lawrence (left
center) of Philadelphia won a shiny new Plymouth Valiant 4-
door sedan in the CARnation CARnival car contest. Miss Shirley
A. Grace (right) of Philadelphia won a Chrysler Saratoga 4-door
sedan. At left is Joseph Koch, general superintendent of the Acme
Markets, where winners purchased Carnation products. Handing
over keys to new cars is Robert Lutz of Carnation Company.
CHICAGO WINNER — (Jeorge Edward Cochran, a retired
steamfitterfrom Chicago, behind the wheel of the brand-new
Chrysler New Yorker he won in the CARnation CARnivaL
Congratulating him on his good fortune is Camatlon’a district
sales -manager, Robert S. Ba^aw. Cochran’s price was one of 61
American and foreign cars given away in the United States and
Canada. Value ei the cars was more than a goart^ Dliyjjwi dolkun.
Duke Power Co. I Raleigh Links to
To Spend $70
Million in 1961
Area Meeting
CHARLOTTE—Duke Power Gp.,
which serves a 20.000-S9uare-mile
area in the central Carolinas. ex
pects to spend about $70 million
in 1961 for additional facilities.
Duke is a major company in
an industry which last year bucked
the national business trend and
had a record year with the out
look for still another peak this
year. In doing this kind of job,
the electric utilities industry not
only kept well ahead of national
iieeds but also increased its lead
in electric generating capability
over that of the Soviet Union.
Additional generating, transmis
sion, and distribution facilities
needed to keep pace with the rapid
residential and industrial growth
of the Piedmont Carolinas will
total $1 million more than the $68
million Duke invested in 1960.
lJUke Power’s pTaiifirag^ ehgl-
neers predict that industry in its
service area will continue to grow
at a rate substantially ahead of
most of the country.
In' addition to 124 new plants
in the Duke Power service area
with payrolls in excess of $26,300,-
000 providing 8,500 new jobs, 162
existing plants Invested over $93,-
500,000 in additions, providing a
$29,000,000 payroll for 9,000 addi
tional employees.
Duke, whose rates are among
the lowest in the nation, has a
total system capacity of 3,327,163
kilowatts. This capacity will in
crease in 1961 by 275,000 kilo
watts when a fifth generating unit
is added to the Company’s Allen
Plant near Belmont,' N. C. Allen
Plant alone will have a capacity
RALEIGH—The Links Southern
Area Annual Meeting will be held
in Raleigh March 17. 18. and 1».
About 200 delegates are expected
from North Carolina, South Caro
lina. Georgia, Florida, Alabama.
Mississippi and Louisiana.
The Raleigh Links held one of
their many planning meetingi on
Sunday, February 12th at the
home of President Nan InbordeiL
The meeting was in the form rf
an afternoon tea honwin* three
international guests who were in
troduced by Mrs. Roy Andetson,
Pxeskient of the Local Clmter rf
the United Nations. They were:
Mrs. Rabla Mahmood of PakiaUn,
Mrs. Amel Istrabadi of Baghdad,
Iraq, and Mrs. Lydia de los Keyes
of the PhilUpines. The three will
appear on a panel at a Luncheon
during the Area Meeting.
Link Willie Kay poured tea for
the hostess, and Link Gertmdc
Harris acted as ooordinator of the
iHtm'ultuial Cuuiiiimwi wifc: the-
special guests. Delicious home
made pound cake, nuts and mints
completed the service.
Links present were; Maude Baaa,
Thelma Clark, Elizabeth Constant,
Marguerite Cook, Julia Delany,
Mary Flagg, Ernestine Hamlin.
Gertrude Harris, Gila Harris, Nan
Inborden, Willie Kay, CUoe Laws,
Mamie McCauley, Louise McClen-
nan, Dora Otey, Vivian Sansott,
Mildred Taylor, Ann Tolliver,
Catherine Winters and Martha
Wheeler.
of over one million kilowatts.
Other projects Duke has under
way include the $60 million Co
wans Ford, a huge (350,000 kilo
watts) hydroelectric plant near
Charlotte.
Seagmm’^
Crown
4-5 Qt
IttHilMStlUia GQMKt
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