North Carolina Newspapers

TftUTN ummmuw sat. march it, \m
jfenely passinj^ o{ W. L, Greene, who
as executive secretary of the North
Teachers€>ci»tion, we think, pre-
btgger problem for that organiaation
ntiky at first appear on the surface. \V.
GreetK was no "Uncle Tom” and no per-
Mo selected to fill his shoes should be of
that caliber. It Is thertfore our sincere hope
that m naming a successor to Mr. Greene
the interim commitee and others concerned
will look long and close and tread with cau
The times in which we now live call for
cmirageous leadership. No person who is a
fixer or compromiser should be trusted with
t^ active leadership of 11.000 Nejjro teach-
ei^ who, in the next ten or 15 years, are go-
if0T> to have to Jace questions involving inte-
gnt^n of bo^ students and teachers. The
for Aft N. C. Teicliers
job of executive secretary of Ihe North Caro
lina Teachers As.sociation will therefore make
demands on Its holder that probably have not
yet been dreamed of.
Whatever is said and done Negro teacher*
of North Carolina, in years past, have for the
most part, been a scared, browbeaten Ibt. Up
until the administration of Mr. Gre'ertt even
its executive secretaries, to say notbSnfJ of Its
presidents, have b«en-those who,were in close
harmorty with thfe pttWers. that be in the
educational system of the state. That day is
now over and the’ North Carolina Teaehefs
l^ssociation should have as it^ executive secre-
t.iry a person young enough to keep pace with
onr ch.inging times and old enough to keep
his head when faced with epoch making de-
Support That is More Tiun' Lip Service
The CwPoSna Times congratulates the mem
bers «if the Acuities of Duke University and
N. C, CaHege who joined the picket lines at
the Cirolina and Center theatres last week
in th« effort now being made by students to
achieve human dignity for Negro citizens of
l^rhafil ■and vicinity. The active participation
the faculty members of the two education
al institutions in the picketing is the most
encmiraping sign we have seen since the sit-
in and picketing were beeun. It goes far be
yond lip service and should bolster added sup
port from the general public.
Now that our college teachers have given
concrete evidence of their moral support of
;he movement, we trust the ministerial pro
fession will follow in their footsteps. Should a
number of ministers in Durham take an active
part in sit-ins and picketing they will do no
more than ministers have done in cities of
the deep- South. Many of them have not onlv
taken active part but have gone to jail and
suffered other indignities ^ help carry on
the fight.
The struggle now being waeed transcends
that of race, creed and color. In reality it is
a fip'ht to Drove to the world that American
democracy is a reality and is more than mere
high-sounding words. Every American of
whatever calling or pro|ession should feel it
his'persoriai duty to give active support to the
only way the cold Mvar can be won that
is now going on between this country and
Soviet Russia.
The participation of N. C. College faculty
members in the picketing last week is evi
dence that the local educational institution
is becoming of agS. '^he Carolina Times is in
deed proud of the fact that as far as it knows,
N, C. College faculty members are the first
from a Negro institution !n North Carolina
to take an active par^ in picketing against
It is a far cry from the time we wrote our
first editorial back in 1^9 against our col
lege and public school t'eachers entering the
back door and climbing to the buzzard roost
in the Carolina Theater to this day that has
seen not only faculty' meftibers of N. C. Col-
lesre opposing such but members of the Duke
University faculty. In those days members of
our editorial staff were not only criticised
but nearty run out of Durham for even sug
gesting that Negroes boycott segregated the
aters. It doth not vet ajipear what we shall
do or what we shall be.
from front page
^ cMhie on the MHs dl tte ti-
* rest i>t 102 Negro coUete stddtlAX
who tWk part in a'
onsiration here TuMdey (March 2).
Spearheaded by the NAACP In
tercollegiate College Ch)#ter, more
than 200 students demonstcated
against th e state's virtnally iW»
clad bias In employment atld pub
lic accommodfitions.
They also sought t6 pTOtest
against the stste’s virtually iroif’
state’s Committee on Segregation.
NAACP youth participants came
from eight South Csrolifta cities.
Ciirist Is the Only Real ami
Mj^ning Value of Our Lives
- Value. W
them and found to fl*Hy
The Admission of Negroes, to Dake l|taity
While the decision of the Board of Trustees«»
of Duke University to admit Negroes to th^
graduate and professional schools of that in
stitution eannot be hailed as a complete vie
tory for the forces of right and justice, it
-CM in -the' Ua«t -be -viewed-a» a beachh«ad
It, therefore, will be only a few years prob
ably a few months, before Negroes wilj be
admitted to all departments of the university
as a matter of routine.
Especially is the opening of the graduate
and professional schools fortunate at this
time in that it not only makes available ad-
^^nced study and training in those fields for
Negroes living in Durham and vicinity bul
for those of foreign countries. The latter will
also have a close-up opportunity to see and
swdy the ad'^nces that have been made in
, ,Me field of l|i|9iness and education by me^-
i|: not ^rtlore 'jto
goffer found ip th^ average cjty
,of its sie«. X
Admisii^ bf ^Jrfgroes to Duke University
diould btiog giieat. solace to the older citizens
of the race, of whom worked'in the
tobacco factories in .the early davs for 'Star
vation wage*; which resulted in the Duke
family's being able to build up their vast
fortune. There are many of these old timers
still living in Durahm who can recall very
vividly accounts of their parents’ employ
ment in the local tobacco plants at wages as
^ low as $5.00 per month aifd a sack of meal.
Later on the wai'es were raised to $1.98 per
w'*^1c without the sa*'k of meal.
In the da^'s m**ntioned above even the
whites looked down on emplovment in
tobacco factories heca«i«»» of th#* lour waw*!.
lontr worVJtio' hmtr nnd tin* laborimic md
flSrtv 'work that It entailed. Tt wni otilv after
the' 'Jvagfes had bCert**raislh to a respectable
level and modfern machinery installed which
made the work in thri tobacco factories less
laborious and cleaner did the white worker
accept such employment.
It,- thereiort, has taken Jong—time, 'for
justice to overtake the I^egroes of the South,
whose sweat, blood and toil made it possible
for the establishment o^ t^e Duke Endow
ment, which in tiirn made possible the grelt
Duke University. Thus, when the first Ne
groes are admitted to Dukfe next September
it is our hope that they will take pride in the
fact that many of their foreparents worked
and prayed for a betfter day \y;hen future gen
erations of the !^ce would ^enefit from the
fruits of their labor. Now that the day has
arrived, it is ajso our hope that all qf those
who entfcr Ppke; Uhj#rsi^ will strive to
"They counted
tjCam* to Tmy
thousand pieces pi^ver . .
Acts 19:19. , i ' -
Jesus rightly asMd “wh^t will
a man give in ex^^^ge fbi.-bis
soul?” What is your sense ,of
values? Your sensd of 'values will
be determined by the things you.
give the first place in your lifts.
We must decide as^i» the v*lue
of our souls and the fading,
ishable things of FRis n^orld,. .We
must say that men’s 5^e of
values have' becoiM.j^arpe^ when
they place succei anjr pile*
a>, the supreme *Vilue jta lif6.
Man’s sense of valyy is warped
when he gives the supremacy _fo
material thing* IiiTIRs next
we have people who when tt^ey
saw Jesus said this man emhodles
life’s suprem*? values. Thus they
gave up fadin*; material things
to get Jesus the spiritual gem
of the Eges. *
Amid the fading glories of this
world they chose Jesus The "RoA
of Ages. We are not a^fiinst
material thing. Material things
are essential for our turyival"ifl
this real world. We ne^ fobH
to nourish our bodies, shelter for
body warmth, and tlothe* to pto-
/ tect againit the-destructive rav
ages of the health destroying ele
ments. We also have basic spirit
ual needs. Man needs bread and
he needs more than berad. Jju>
n^eds the invisible, imperishable
things of the spirit. Man needs
the spiritual beauty'^revealed In
J^us Christ. Man needs the abid
ing values of faith, hope find
Man estrkn^e^i isoUied from
God'the C^eator^imdi ;fh«
deeininK loi« as rei%aled in
Christ Jesus our .Savi^. ItiDi, in
■jhis lostness • need^ the savins
tnurh of Christ. Man the sinner
needs salvation—anjl this ii foutid
' in the re.deeming. loVe of Chriit
Ji^ius. "God so loved the wwM
He gave.His only begotten
Son that whosoever bdieveth tt
iiim shall not perish." The mail
with the right sense of values
^11 choose JeMS along with the
fading (glories of this World. Pit
kin had inherit^ some of the
material things of‘this World but
when he found J^sus the Lamb
of God who takes away the sins
of the world, he gave himself
and all he'had in loving service
for Jesus Things did not wan>
his value. ,
If you invest everything in
time, what will you do about
eternity? It is all right t6 meet
the demands of time and space
but what are you going to do
about the Eternal destiny of your
soul? Time will run out. The
things at tiMe wifi fade an^ pass
awa](,A^U}ieio^i«rWtl^i«8s will
Diie diy."Tlilis We need
to re^ii» littfa, the poet the im
portance of building our hopes
on things eternal. 'We need to
realize that in Jesus we have a
f|jiritual power that will never
fade kvii^. In Jesus we have
Something t|iaf is good and will
hold for Tnjifi AND ALL ETER-
What is the final meaning ol
all we ar* trying to say? The
message is that we ought give
God and Christ the first place
in our livM.
Schoolteacher Fighting Bigotry is C«rtn1 figure of
Gina Alien's . Novd, "The FtHtiiidiM Mn"
•MIT Wwtiir/lay at U C.
MMMS and 6814BU
IV VMtetf MMirfMT*. feM.
fk a MVnif. PiAMMr
'ikdii/tt iUM matter at Ifea fmt 09f
lUrik CanUaa. ante Hm «C
i jfii.
pk amUM
M 4MC. ftttigraw at
9U0 nae nuu ,
To Dr. Mairg Ajpij^mtiiiient
Attempts'c^ Sepiitfrt Hefxnan E. Talmadge
and Richard B. RtiBs^ll of Gto^fgia to’prevent
the appointment>of t)r. Benjaiuin E. Mays to
the U. S- Civil Rights Cotnmission is about
the biggest jokb tfeai hai conie out of the
United States Se«ktd in many a _ day. Both
Talmadge and George hav^ apparently out
lived their day and are doubtless dreaming
of bygone days when only the cringing type
of Negro leader was acceptable to any Georgia
white man.
Dr. Mays represents the very highest
achievement in Negro leadership that the na
tion affords and if he were acceptable to the
Georgia senators it is certain he would not
be acceptable to Negroes. There is nothing
that Senators Talmadge and Russell can do
that will lessen the respect and admiration
Negroes and many whitte people of the South
H^ve for Dr. Mays. The two senators »from
Georgia are, therefore, making themselves
ridiculous beforie the eyes of all intelligent
people of the United States bv opposing him
for appointment to the Civil Rights Commis
The very fact that such Negro haters as
Talmadge afid George oppose Dr. Mays’ ap
pointment to the commission is the best
evidence that he Is the .right man for the
job. It would be interesting to pet a glimpse
of the ttpe of Negro leader these two south
ern ^emago|ti^ lirouM
Gina All"n, who grew up in declares that it is, altlwu^ ail
the ^ura of chalk dust as the shife says, ‘It could any-
daughter of teachers, has writ- whei-e, eveh though it did nOH
ten a novel whose theme is that^ happen^ here. I used thie
everyone stiffers When blgdjtirttA-'? wAt
t^: ^ rWd* >iiid
alsd> gtLve
nWiWn—4be S^niah^lh my ^lii’
£HHil«}ll()n «r '
AllenV! (lathei’ 'a
i^bol ^nperintesdeilt and her
mother i teacher,‘so Ate lia^iloi^
bdbn interred in,the {trol^lema
of education. After attMdii^
meitiAgs oh integration a h d
President Kenney’s EcoiionUc Proposals
For Recession To Help Negroe's Especially
nesib- For goods are not produced,
«r services rendered by private
industry, except in response to de
mand backed up by cash, “effect
ive demand”, as economists call
it. .
trol the schools. ■ .J f
As she says, “We all, pajr a
prohibitive price for preiudices.”
In her novel, THE p6rBI0>
DEN MAN, nearly everyone i\ays
a price When Negroes and whites
become embroiled in a contro
versy over whether Eli Alexand
er, a Nepro schoolteacher, may
teach in the de segregated hi^
The setting of the hovel is a
small Southewestem town. When
the high school is integrated, it
remains nearly-white: the Negro
students who attend the school
are chiefly athletes and as such
are •'‘acceoted.” Alexander ;is not.
Maintaining that he has I right
to teach undpt the teacher teiv-
lire law, h» fiehts for thii right.
But tlio biffoted h®ad of the
school board uses oblique, meth-.
ods t o torture him.
Everv inquisitor knows the
“value” of snlitpry confii^ment.
In Alexander’s case his torture
is an assigned dassroo^i and
teaching schedule, but no stu
dents. When he is finally given
pupils, they are the worst in the
school: the hoodlums, misfits
and mentally retarded. Despite'
this, his excellency as a teacher
enma results—some of his stu
dents ■ actually begin to leant.
Later, when viplehce erupts anew, ‘ lower income grttupA, who iriB
there are unhanpy repercussiotta * apeitd additfonal nloniy as fast
to Alexander’s lonely struggle. 'as they get it becMte they have
Is the book strictly fiction? fo. Watt |»urelMMiag power It
Mrs. Allen, of Las Crucei, N. M., 'Miat nte4 to irtiintfatt bull-
teacher-tennre laws, htr husband
said, “Why don’t you stay home
and write ,8 book instead of go-
South- in£ to meetini;?^ A itft^ate of'
thiV)«. M#dill at
1 dirt ^tten ghc^ stMi^fs w^iMionai
ihiigazinea, textbb^, aa^ per
ianal ext>eri^e, rook, R^TICS
>QR Htliband Ted, a
fd^er chemistry professor, is a
dairyman. *
lished Marrh 17 by Clifton Book
DlvMoii, is pricied at $4.99.
Continued from front page
swinging rampage, ^e had been
living with her as a comnton-law
husband. >
He sihashcd her skull with t
blow from th« ax, hit the Inv
who was lying in the bed betfdii
her then walked into the Mck
room wherii he hit the tider 'ntk#
as he lay across the bed.
The former convict had bm
rellaSed just two years previously
Mter having served 12 years of
sn 18 year sentence for blttdgeon
ing an Ortiige Cpunty woman to
d^^ yrith an irpn poker.
Continued frtnn front page *
pera “bring injusMces meted Ne
gro citizens to the attention of the
public at large.” At the same
time, he said, they compete sue
^cesafully In various phases of cov
erage imd public ser^dce with
other othar newspMNs)rs.
“Newspapers ptittished by Ne-
iroes have, t«eB flghflag segrega-
Ham since their beginning, and
^ey' have alivays and. will con
tinue to serve tbe b«jrt-i«terest of
their r^adiHft public,” Barnes con
tiaued. '•*
Continued from front page
ing a civil rights storm center.
Wilkins ^Id J. Arthur trown,
state ceirferenee preyMent and
David Carter, MAACP youth
leader, that "South Carolina's
un^arrantied aivest, peaceful
flen^enstrater^ ^ci^,^re bIv*^
painful iiidl|nlt|!M Vlsifjtf oil
Neflre cltlMns."
X!arter wa$ arrested, ani placed
nndir ^,000 bdifd, Wlifch #as later
reduced to $3,000. NA^Ct* youth
leader J^mes Edwards, Jr., was
placed under $ft,000 bond, Jater
reduced to $2,!MXK
"Net enfy Is the am*unt of
bond unprecedentMl for eases of
Tfifi mini^ wit niv ivcst •union*
ties have introduc*d a new lefal
theory In order to thwart dtm-
onftra'4ens," Wilkins said.
“They have charged Carter and
Edwards with vontributlng to th
delinquency of a minor,” Wi|kins
President, Kennedy’s economto
proposals will help our recovery,
as a whole, and Negroes In par
ticular. These proposals include
.Federal funds to provide addi-
tibhal we'elcs of tmemploynwnt
compensation for worken who
have exhausted their unemploy
ment benefits under state laws,
better medicil care for the aged
as a matter of right under,our so-
Even if these proposals unbal
ance the budget in the coming
year, that will not be bad under
the circumstances. For a Federal
deficit mealns that the Jovem
cial security system, a higher / meni is putting more motiey ihto
the hands of Ae people to be
^nt for goods and seirvices that
could be pl'oduced but are not,
thto it takes away from than in
trxes. A deficit in times of un
employment helps industry to get
going again with greater vigtw.
Hien mofe active business and
employment increases the govern
ment’s reieipts ftrom corporation
pn^ tax^ tod individual in
come taxes, niese bigger tax
ceipts will quickly end the de
ficit incbored for relief and
vM WBlltaNl ptnpoMk.
minimum wage and bringing
more workers under the mini
mum wage hw, especially em
ployees in retail and Krvice in
dustries such as laundries, hotels
and Federal financial aid to edu
Thue prososals haVe fh com
mon the effect of increastng^ui''
chasing pwer, esptecMlly for th«
CJontinued from front page
the students said.
TH* ttwdenHk wh^ described,,
the impi^idi^ |wtl#n as a "se-
l«etiye l^lhg^ cMn|ia>tn, said
Hi# maaswre was being; taKyi^
IMvauaki of the stftW AanMM
Rt^eV of racial diKfiminayion.
Policies pin-pointM fajr' the
hpHdbills being prei^^d were the
refukal of the st,pres to Hire fie-,
gro clerics, offira |TOrkers, apd
the maintenance pf separate faciir
ities. , I
’ Downto;wn std|[es Itsfa^ as tar
gets of th* ecen^lc beyMif are
Ellis S^a, Baldwin's and Ray-
last, d^artment stores; Van
Straatsfi's, a fl(|tn'« doHiliig
store;. Stawart's, a woman's clofh-
Inf store; Butler^, and MarHyn's
shoe stores; and Walsraen's
Drug S'«r#.
Alto listed woM the Royal lee
Cream Co,, A. and P. and Vfintt-
Dlxte food stAivs.
Student spokesmen explliined
that these stores were selected be
cause of the attitude of^the man
agement toward aboliriiing “of
fensive raeial policies.
They said these stores had been
approached several times in the
past' with petitions that they
change these policies. Unsatisfac
tory responses were received in
•11 Ulif, tiU itttdgBte Mil
Studant* laid furthar thajr «oul4
be readr to call off th*^aMon
against ttny of the stoilB fl.tha
ihaiit«M«in inf^cati tt»y,^lbiild
agiefe to nei^aUons.
A mt m*tm HmMkmn
stores were approved for trade by
the student orgwisations. Included
the Wee Shop, the Fashion
Shop, fcerser’s ’ Shop, fUrth Gor-
d>n’s, ill women’s elothihg itores,
!>nd Belk-t*ggett, a d^ilKmettt
ThMe stores, listed in a'Set M
instifuctlons pbs^ Mt fimoi^;
members of the studetrt tegani-
lations, as haviflg
jpi(rtlcie* '^6., Negto pa-
tronji. '
; Sonffi of t]^,-ib«,lf^onindum
iaid, h * V f Mftrf i^egro sales
^ C«, -
Bkiut* ^
by nm-
it page
Pa., and
E. Jones,
It with thp
J*ralent and
'l^ky Mount
gt- Hendersoh.
»s. with the
beoutji! lessiijns
ahd - efcciioiM «^clud« the
contention oj»1fli^pi|iy, wcoi ‘
i^ tl) the jw^nfn .leleased
president .
J . John C«ise«,
S3-y»*r^ld Nor^iiM4|Mn Csvirty
natiirt, a gradu^^>mMmaf,
.lafia last y#kr op^il^ a Wneral
businoss ln'MaMard,^amie«n«*d
taeantty tlM Nii‘l* -oimpa^lni
for the pfasilrt5y m Tarhaalla's
■Iks—after aary^ Myeral years
a« »l« prejty iW'W. C. ilki.
Dr. i. •. JOMir, ■tlatfhe'h City,
C. ms^c, Is tWad as Faison's
campa^ mansfltr,''
, Contihued trim front paie
Since Philip was freed oq $28,-
000 bail, there has been wide
spread speculation that the staU
might s«ek to reduce, the charge.
Philip was granted ^il in ^ebrii-
ar^ after a Superior Court judge
ruled the state \acke]. sufficient
evidence to hold him on a first
degree murder charge. ^
He is accused in the i^steripui
dea^ of Mrf. Ruth Gjra^m till-
was discover^ bwe eany on Dtc,
27 io.,11. rural whool. .
Aa examination revealed tha
woman died from exposure.
Continued from front page
rendtiirod % Ai» Male Chorus for
this hour also.
Hie final pr^ram will be
sented at 7:90 p.m. and will cdtt-
sist of reports, etc.
Following the morning serviti,
a Fellowship Dinner will b#
wrved by the Sisterhood of t)|v
Church. The three services Ur|
open to the public.
Garland Jones is Chairman
the observance and Reuben i
is aecret&ry.'
man h
Continued from front page
liilnlptar aM prafassor it m#*
, nmkt #t ^CC« And Df.. thhMt*
Kln8> pr^ast^ of uKUffoifflt'
and Garald Underwood, a1^
taolal science,* are ^teadeyif hi),
charfa ol the faeylty pIcM^
WC. . . -
Duke University faculty iMdmi
include Pe^F ^*1 %•
Rob^ dsbofh. * -
These faciitfy spokesmen n-
port!i% ‘‘this picketing by the
fhculty meinberl is n«ft a one
time, shot.. It .^ill b^ 'a continuous
thing as far as we are concerned.'*
Their -^solution skid;
"Recognising racial segr^htion
and discrimii^ation in all foniis U
morally indefensible, contrary to
democratic principles and Harm
ful to American prestige, we, the
undersigned members of the fac
ulties of Duke Univerdty and
North Carolina College, jointly 4t-
press our interest in, and support
of our students and others Vf o
peacefully demonstrate against the
practice of segregated seating in
the Center and Carolina IlMatrAs
here in Durham.”
These economic IneasuTes .pro
posed by Kennedy will help Ne
groes especially. For they are
harder hit by iineihploymetit, and
therefore relief measures bring
special advkhtages to them. «
Unfortunately a reactionsry
ddalitlon df Soithem IMmocrats
and N6r1h«rn RepiibUcank has
bloeMd moik M hticli nbnral eto-
nottk neAdiMla tin pMt Eim
when Congress passed stieh mya-
snrea, Eisenhower veto«l lliem.
This reactionary coalition it still
at work in Congress. But wi^h
leadership from th* Frisideiit
and encouragement to ptts such
liiwi iflstead of threats to veto
tliun, thp^ is a Mr dianec that
they wlH imss if tte peo|Ae urge
thtfr Conp«ssnita aiid Baoltalhl
to ii^K»t atm. ^

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