DURHAM-The Citizens Advisory Committee was established a decade ago. to fulfill a federal requirement that all communities receiving as sistance from the Department of Housing and Urban Development under the guidelines of the Workable Pro gram for Community Improvement provide for citizen participation in the locality's planning and programming process, all HUD-assisted programs for which a Workable Program is a requirement, and the community's plan to expand the supply of low-and moderate-income housing. In plainer English, urban renewal in Durham is done largely with federal funds from HUD; to get these funds, HUD requires that Durham present the department biennially with an up-ds'ted "Work able Program for Community Im provement," a handbook described by its title. And one of the things this handbook must show is citizen in volvement in the program. The Citi zens Advisory Committee is supposed to be the mechanism for this involve ment. The federal guidelines on citizen iiivolvement point out that, "The growing complexity of urban develop ment and government organization make it essential that widespread opportunities for citizen involvement be created, including opportunities for poor and minority groups, for many reasons. In some cases, existing local institutions seen unable to iden tify the serious problems of many citizens, as the citizens define them. In turn, the poeple may feel cut off from their public representatives, and lack understanding of what govern ment is doing to and for them. At the same time, traditional acts of parti cipation - voting, attendance at meet ings, letters to Congressmen - are frequently ineffective in dealing with the immediate problems raised by in creasingly large and complex pro grams having direct impact on people's lives. For these reasons, new forms of collaborative relationships between citizens and government, new means for participation in the decision making process, need to be developed. The choice of mechanisms depends upon the needs of the particular com munity and the structure of the local government. However, there are cer tain principles and objectives which should underlie the community's ef fort. One is that the community's re sponsibility does not end with the es tablishment of a particular mechan ism or set of mechanism. The Work able Program requires continuing ef fort. . .to improve and expand the op portunities for creative forms of participation and collaboration that both ensure representation by poor and minority groups as well as enable government to take effective, pur poseful, and expert action to Jeal with the problems and needs facing the community. "It is essential that the participa tion be satisfying, rewarding, and not frustrating if it is to achieve the basic objective of creating and sus taining a voluntary union and mutual trust between government and its citizens." The present controversy over the Citizens Advisory Committee in Dur ham stems basically from the Com mittee's efforts to meet those needs for citizen participation, and from the unwillingness of city officials to let them be met. For the first several years of the committee's existence, it*was almost totally ineffective, and therefore caused no controversy, though finally the city council did grow concerned about meeting the guide lines and getting its funds. Soon March 20, 1967, a city council committee offered some recommendations for strengthening the Citizens Advisory Committee, and these were accepted by the council unanimously. The re commendations included revising the membership to eliminate those who were inactive, gflding additional mem bers, and providing that a city council representative attend the committee meetings for liaison. The committee also was requested to give a written report at least annually to the city council, covering its activities and making recommendations concerning any aspect of the city's improvement program. And the council was urged to "take appropriate steps to assure the Citizens Advisory Committee of council interest and support in com mittee activity." The mayor was given the authority to appoint new members to the committee, and they were ap pointed. In the last two years the committee has become very active. But its work and the recommendations it has made have been largely' ignored by the city council. Last winter, after an exhaustive study of Urban Renewal why have an advisory cdimmittee? Reprinted From THE NORTH CAROLINA ANVIL Project 4, the committee recommend-) ed that the city council deal with the Public Administration Service report on Durham, specifically the sections recommending creation of a depart ment of housing and urban develop ment. The committee decided to make no final decision on whether Project 4 should have public housing or not until the city council made some de cisions on a department of housing and urban development. The council ig nori 1 that recommendation, and has continued to ignore it. That is only one glaring example of how the city's decision makers treat their citizen advisory committee. There are plenty of others including the fact that the city council has never sent official re presentatives to the committee meet ings. and for the last several months the mayor has neglected to appoint new meffiibers to the committee even though the committee requested them, to replace people who never came, and even sent him a suggested list J As long ago as last February, director of planning Paul Brooks wrote the mayor and sent him a copy of the committee's membership at tendance report, showing a record of individual attendance. His letter noted the federal guidelines for citizen participation: "The guidelines," he said, "suggest that specific functions, •such as having them hold public hearings, prepare comments on Workable Program applications, eva luate project plans, and conduct in terviews and surveys of neighborhood residents' views,' be developed for the advisory committee. The Durham Citizens Advisory Committee, "con tinued Brooks, who functions as co ordinator for Workable Program, "has been performing some of these functions, particularly during the past year, but has been doing so, more or less on his own initiative. While I believe that the Committee has been useful and effective to a certain degree, it might have performed a greater community service if the committee had concentrated upon is sues in which the city council had a particular interest, rather than work ing as a somewhat independent body. Special direction from the Council and from you would of course be re quired if the Committee were to adopt such a role. I feel, however, that the Committee, and the city in turn, would profit from such an arrangement. The Committee members which you have appointed are concerned and interested in Dur ham's welfare. However, many of the members have come to feel that the Committee 'doesn't do anything' or is •wasting its time' since no tangible results have come from the Commit tee's efforts. Many members are concerned, too, that without a direct ive from the city council to perform a certain function, that to take any action is to 'meddle.' Brooks' warning to the mayor about the problems of the committee drew no official response from the de cision-makers. But it did make the cause and effect sequence clear: the Committee gets no directives from the city council about which pro blems to deal with, and it gets no response from the council on those matters it deals with independently; consequently many members think the committee is wasting its time, and consequently many members don't at tend the meetings. (Interestingly enough, most of those who've dropped out are white, middle-class, and in positions of power or influence in the community. These are people who learn quickest and know best how citi zens participate in government - through private channels, not "ad visory" bodies). When the advisory committee's chairman Nat White presented the annual committee report and recom mendations to the city council on May 14 it was received with the same neg lect as usual. White urged the council to act on the recommendations, and the council decided simply to "re ceive" the report, sending those sec tions of it dealing with the Public Administraton Service report over to the city administration. White went back before the council May 18 and said, in effect, that wasn't good enough; the committee deserved a better response. After much confu sed discussion the council decided to appoint a three-man committee to study all recommendations other than those dealing with the PAS report, and to make some new appointments and recommendations to the Advisory Committee. The new committee, chaired by Councilman W.L. Cavin, promptly decided the trouble with the advisory committee was not that the city council paid it no attention, but that its attendance was poor. Without any meetings with the ad- visory committee, Cavin sent out a letter and attendance questionnaire to all its members on July ,9 saying, "It is our considered opinion that the poor attendance at Committee meetings as stated in your annual report has been largely responsibletor the Committee not having functioned more success fully." White then went back to the city council on July 20 and said what was really needed was some kind of de iision on the relationship of citizen involvement in all HUD programs. Cavin wrote White next day saying the poor membership attend' -ice "casts strong clouds of doubt in the minds of lx)th this committee and the City Council as to what weight should be given to the Citizens Advisory Committee." He went on to accuse White of having said things to the city council which he was not author ized by his committee to say, and since then the papers have been full pf charges and counter-charges, cul- Paul Winfield Hooked *1 i iir:_r:.ij «i_ i • Paul Winfield recalls when he was a small boy in Portland, Oregon, going to see a motion picture, Producer Stanley Kramer's "Home of the Brave." The theatre, he re members, was segregated, northern style •• black cus tomers shunted off to the side of the balcony. The theatre's segregation, the theme of the picture, and especially the per formance of the late James Edwards, star of the film, left a lasting impression on Paul. Edwards' dignity and courage communicated to young Win field a determination to make of himself a complete human being. Acting is the avenue Paul Winfield has chosen for attain ing that goal, and, according to Kramer, who also produced and directed the soon-to-be released "R.P.M.*" (Revolu tions Per Minute) for Colum bia Pictures, Paul's perform ance in this exciting motion picture should do much to move him along. In "R.P.M.*," which stars Anthony Quinn, Ann-Margaret and Gary Lockwood, Winfield plays the role of Steve Demp sey, leader of the Afro-Ameri can faction of dissident stu dents. It is an explosive story oc campus rebellion involving a college professor in his 50's, his co-ed girl friend, a white militant student leader, a board of trustees, the split student body - and the police. Actually, Paul's strong per formance in "R.P.M.*" comes as no surprise to many who have seen him on stage and screen. He has appeared in more than 40 plays, and was in the Sidney Poitier starrer, I "The Lost Man," and repeated (with Sidney in "Brother j John," the latter for Columbia I Pictures. On television, he has ' made several appearances in jthe highly successful "Julie" I series, and has played top roles {elsewhere in more than 30 i shows. Paul was bitten by the act ing urge during his early boy hood in Los Angeles. At Edi son Junior High School, in the section not known as Watts, he was given a small part in a class play, "Anabelle Steps In." His role finished with a come die flourish that made his audience roar. Winfield was hooked! At Manual Arts High School he won an unprecedented three consecutive prizes in an nual competition sponsored by the Drama Teachers Associa tion of Southern California. No black actor had ever won at all. Winfield landed a scholar ship for a year at the Univer sity of Portland, then attended Los Angeles City College and U.C.L.A. In between he at tended Stanford's Summer Workshop and anything else affording a chance to study acting. In his senior year at U.C.L.A., Winfield got the chance to play under the direc tion of Burgess Meredith, "The Dutchman," and "The Toilet," by Leßoi Jones, at the Warner Theatre in Los Angeles. He is also proud of a year with the Stanford Repertory Theatre as artist-in-residence, a prestigious appointment. npinating finally in a meeting between Covin's committee and the Advisory Comriiittee, to s begin "working out differences." How far they'll be worked out remains to be seen. But meantime, Cavin and his com mittee have achieved something im portant: they've managed to reverse the whole series of cause and effect in the public mind. Any examination of the record shows that the city council ignores the Advisory Committee's recommendations and that's why it's an ineffective mechanism for citizen participation. That's also why people don't attend. But the council has now, through Cavin, said the council doesn't pay attention to the committee because it's ineffective because people don't attend meetings. That's known as having your cake and eating it too, something the Durham City Council is used to and good at. ELIZABETH TORNQUIST JBM gfe Ar HHr H K B 4^ v > x Jw |if& : :Epll| ;*W^^^eWß ill WINFIELD Morris B. Abram Named Chum. Of UNCF Board of Directors NEW YORK, New York - Morris B. Abram, attorney and a partner of the law firm Paul, Weiss, Goldberg, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison, has been named chairman of the United Negro College Fund's Board of Directors, it was an nounced today by Vernon E. Jordan, Jr., the Fund's Execu tive Director. Abram, former president of Brandeis University, Massachu setts, succeeds Dudley Dowell, retired president and chief ad ministrative officer of the New York Life Insurance Company. Upon retiring from the position of the Fund's Board Chairman, Dowell said, "my association with UNCF has been personally rewarding. I have watched the colleges grow, their enrollments grow, and have seen thousands of alumni of the 36 member in stitutions of UNCF move into their rightful place in Ameri can society - in business, in the professions, in education and in public service. The in stitutions represented by the United Negro College Fund are a vital national resource which must be preserved. "I leave UNCF' in the hands of a strong and capable chief executive, Vernon E. Jordan, Jr., and my successor as Chair man of the Board, Morris Abram, brings enormous strength and prestige to UNCF's Board." Mr. Dowell, upon the re quest of the UNCF Board, ac cepted the title of Honorary National Campaign Chairman for 1970, pledging his personal commitment toward helping to reach -the Fund's 1970 $lO million goal. "We feel extremely fortu- Mr. Jordan, "in havitfe Mr. Abram join us here at the Fund. Today, when the rhetoric of humanity is seldom matched by deed, Mr. Abram l» ,truly an exception. As a Member of tbc 4 BoArd of Trustees at Morehouse College h}| Atlanta, one of our 36 member schools, Mr. Abram is familiar with the work of the !|}ihd and constituency it serves. His combined wealth of experience in education, many years of dedicated service in civil rights and first-hand knowledge of the Fund will be an unequaled asset to our or ganization. Now the Economy AFROS —Shaped Trimmed & Shampooed g 1111 l Regular Hair Care In Progress For September Classes CALL OR WRITE: sou an sum counx .32 Ridgewav Avenue Phone 688-6158 Durham, N To advise you on home decorating Mrs. Beverly Adorns B Now at Coman's Home Fashion Center. Come in and let Miss Schneider help you coordinate your home decorating . . draperies, waUpaper, lighting fixtun*. y carpet, floor tile or kfichen. j M ll>MI 911 Ramseur St. Phone 688-4311 SATURDAY, SEPT. 12, 1970 THE CAROLINA TUB- Most North Carolina Inland Waters Contain Little DDT Judging by a 13-month sur veillance of the Tar-Pamlico River system, DDT ia fairly prevalent in the inland waters of North Carolina "but In very small quantities." This is the conclusion of Dr. T. J. Sheets, director of the Pesticide Residue Research Laboratory at North Carolina State University. About 21 percent of 162 water samples taken from the river basin contained what ap peared to be DDT, Dr. Sheets reports. However, in most cases the indicated presence of DDT was too small to be con firmed. None of the samples contained enough DDT to cause immediate poisoning of aquatic animals, but a few con- ; tained enough to cause some ! accumulation in fish and other ! aquatic animals. The monitoring program di rected by Dr. Sheets is be- I lieved to have been the first systematic, long-term survey j ever made of a major river system in North Carolina. Its purpose was to design a samp ling system that could be used j throughout the state. Money for the experimen tal monitoring program was provided by the U. S. Depart ment of Interior through the Water Resources Research In- ' stitute of the Consolidated University of North Carolina. AH Roads In Durham Lead To Five Poir.* and GEORGE'S PIZZA PALACE 682-9881 RESTAURANT 682-SI6I. BRUNSON'S Home of Quality Products DUNLOP TIRES FIRESTONE TIRES DELCO BATTERIES SEAT COVERS BRAKE SERVICE ALIGNMENT ZENITH MAONAVOX NORGE TAPPAH PEDDEES KITCHENAID EASY TERMS "WE FINANCE OUR OWN ACCOUNTS' JVe Service Whal We The Tar-Pamlico system vac selected for the i»|nrinw> because of the aptowltiiil development ia the barfn. "I suspect that the chaneas at finding DDT in tha Tar Rhar would be as good aa tha chances of fimflng it in any river in the state," Sheets said. The researchers found that ! pesticide levels in the riser could vary sharply from weak to week. Differences ware even found between tha middle of the river and the sides of the river. GEORGIA legislator Julian Bond called the conference "a ! spiritual coming home" and said it would "have an affect on black people ... through. I put the world." a s wwiyi«| X PORTABLE TYPLWM'Mig || . LUGGAQB •. I WRIST WATCIB 1 | STEREO# RECORD PLAYiai I DIAMOND RINGS TELEVISIONS AND tvpewrotsbs I Sam's Pawn Shop| *•122 E. Main St Ph. MMOTI $ Durtm, B. C 3A

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