?*"' rr -r- FNS Issues New School Lunch Regulations ATLANTA, Ga. - Final revisions and amendments to federal regulations governing the operation of the U. S. Department of Agriculture's national school lunch program have been announced by the regional office of USDA'a Food and Nutrition Service. "These regulations imple ment Public Law 91-248 which broadened and improved the National School Lunch and Child Nutrition Acts," said Russell 11. James, southeastern regional director for the Food and Nutrition Service. He pointed out that for the first time in the history of the National School Lunch Act of 1946, regulations were issued in proposed form in July 15, with an invitation to any in terested party to submit com ments, suggestions or objec tions by Aug. 6. In Washington, Assistant Secretary of Agriculture Richard E. Lyng commented that he was "pleased with the response." Over 100 indivi duals and organizations sub mitted communications. "Wo believe the final regu lations represent a substantial improvement over the pro posed regulations because of the suggestion and comments received," Assistant Secretary Lyng said. Under the new final regula tions, local school authorities continue to have their previous obligations to serve free and reduced price lunches to chil dren they determine to be un able to pay the full price of the lunch. Such officials now will have to include the criteria whty will use in making such determina tions in standards of eligibili ty f which must be approved by the state educational agency and be publicly announced in the community, according to James. The FNS official said these standards of eligibility must take into account three manda tory criteria - family income, family size and the number of children in the family attend ing school or pre-school day care centers. WASHINGTON—Sen. John L. McClellan, D-Ar. com menting on testimony at a hearing of his subcommittee investigating domestic ter rorism : "I don't think the Con stitution was written with the intent to prevent our government from protecting itself from organized crim inal* and revolutionaries." -FOOTBALL- John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia, Pa. Alcorn A&M College Vs. .. N. C. Central University SAT., SEPTEMBER 26 7:30 P. M. Jlm Round Trip M BY BUS Ticket To Game And Overnight X At Th e * Sheraton Hotel Bus Leaves Saturday Morning Reservation Deadline GET YOITR TICKETS NOW! Phone 688-5181 SUITE 302 & 20.1 TRAVEL INTERNATIONAL, Ltd. (Formally Welcome Aboard) 507 LreWPQD AVE. • - DURHAM, N. C. SK? |S H[l mt , 3 15 W; H V-> 19 B H^BI f|,' C 7V " a, s*wp M ii "Si iij> - T tSSGI fl R LMMMMMMJ H I Ul p__ i ff^K BBBMB •^M EARLY BlßD—Prior to a 4:00 a.m. departure for Los Ange les. Peter Firth (right)," T»tlot •' captain for Arabesco Air, loads his aircraft with an Eastman Black Business Comes to Aid Of Eastman Kodak Company ROCHESTER, N. Y. - A black-owned air cargo com pany, based in Oakland, Calif., is helping Eastman Kodak pro vide better service to thou sands of west coast amateur picture-takers. The company, Arabesco Air, is supplying transporta tion of finished product from Kodak's Palo Alto processing laboratory to dealers in the Los Angeles area. According to Robert Sulli van, service manager of the Palo Alto location, the arrange ment with Arabesco "is the result of their ability to pro vide exactly the kind of serv ice we wanted." Kodak's specific require ments are one-way delivery at 4 a.m. four mornings each week from San Francisco In ternational to Hollywood/Bur bank airport. Arabesco Air was formed in May, 1967, by two pilots, an aircraft mechanic, a school teacher and a medical rc i Kori'ak shipment at San Fran cisco International Airport. Checking the manifest is Nor man I. James, secretary and director of operations for the searcher -- all black -- who decided that there was oppor tunity for them in the air carrier business. In the begin ning the firm provided only passenger charter service in a 1955 model Apache. Since de ciding to switch to cargo carry ing in 1968, they have bought three Beechcraft C-455. Deferments Available For Apprentices WASHINGTON - The 1970 Executive Order pro hibiting the granting ov occu pational deferments from mili tary selective service does not apply to new apprentice de ferments, according to an an nouncement from the U. S. Department of Labor. Regulations authorizing the deferment of eligible appren tices from military service con tinue in force. The authority for appren tice deferments was legislated under the Military Selective Service Act of 1967. The Act authorized the President to issue regulations for deferments of persons in Class 11-A in civilian employ ment found necessary to the maintenance of national health, safety, or interest. The 1967 Selective Service regulations prescribed by Exe cutive Order No. 11360 de termined that an apprentice would be eligible for defer ment if he is employed under an apprenticeship program ap proved for purposes of defer ment. His deferment would be maintained if he is current ly meeting all of the standards and requirements of the ap prenticeship program and pro gressing in his on-the-job training and related trade instruction. The director of Selective Service continues to identify needed professional and scien tific personnel and those en gaged in and preparing for cri tical skills and other essential occupations. The Selective Service regis trant must be in an approved apprentice training program approved by the Labor De partment's Bureau of Appren ticeship and Training. Yearly extension requests are still required. Detailed information on apprentice deferments may be obtained from any of the Bureau's field offices, located in all major cities. The temperature in Mam moth Cave, Kentucky, re mains a constant 54 degrees all year. black-owned air cargo com pany. The four weekly Arabes co flights are part of a 13- state distribution network to speed product to and from Kodak's Palo Alto laboratory. Oakland-b as e d Arabcsco is helping to assure thousands of west coast consumers the ultimate in service. WE WANT I°°° NEW CUSTOMERS! We're Sacrificing Profits To Bring You The 1 GreatestValueln Our History! Don't Miss It! I {IRU GLASS COVER • Wi V I 111 l■U Ll ilivil ml I h i 1 T-Sflll I^. ROYAL CLOTHING CO. 330 1/2 W. MAIN ST p||oß| 4 |,. 47 , 0 j U.S. Navy Now WASHINGTON, D. C. - Integration is a process with no definite ending but with a definite beginning. The process for integraring the U. S. Navy began in 1944, four years be fore President Truman's direc tive outlining the complete de segregation of all the armed forces. In that year, the Navy launched and commissioned two ships, and manned them with white officers and black enlisted men. One was a patrol chaser, the PC-1264, and the other was a destroyer escort, the USS Mason. The PC-1264, under the command of Lieutenant Eric Purdon, was commissioned in April 1944. As his crew, Lt. Purdon had four other white officers, eight leading petty officers who served as instruc tors, and 53 black crewmen. Seven months after the commissioning, Lt'. Purdon transferred his white petty of ficers and promoted black members of his crew to take their place, and arranged in May 1945 for a black officer to serve aboard the PC-1264. That first officer was En sign Samuel Gravely, now Cap tain Gravely, and commanding officer of a Navy frigate, the USS Jouett. Lt. Purdon, who eventually was promoted to full com mander before his retirement in 1963, is now deputy direc tor of community relations for the Job Corps, U. S. Depart ment of Labor, in Washington, D. C. A book by him detailing his experiences as commanding Has First Ship officer of the 1264, entitled "Black Company: The Story of a Naval Experiment," will appear this fall. "You have to thing back to 1940, when the Selective Service and Training Act was passed which drafted young men into the armed forces," said Cmdr. Purdon. "White young men were being drafted into the Navy, but young Ne groes were left behind. "Obviously, some pressure was applied by the NAACP and the Urban League," com mented the commander. The pressure, he explained, di rected at the Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox and Presi dent Roosevelt resulted in the Navy's opening up the general rates for all volunteers in April 1943. For 20 years blacks had been restricted to the mess man's branch. A special section of the Navy's Bureau of Personnel was set up to coordinate the assignments and training of the new black enlisted men. "The idea was pretty general at that time that the Negro could not serve at sea because of his race," said Cmdr. Pur don. "One way to disprove that assumption was to commit sion two ships and man them with Negro crews. This was the impetus for the PC-1264 and the USS Mason. "It seehf&d to me that we were to either prove or dis prove certain sterotypes about the Negro," he said. "One was that a Negro enlisted man would not take orders from a SATURDAY, SEPT 12, 1870 THE CAROLINA TIMES- With Black Recruiter in Charge Negro officer. Another stereo type which we broke was the claim that the Negro was in trinsically cowardly, by not being able to stand up under the stress of battle. "Well we disprove that one rather well with the action we had with the PC-1264," Cmdr. Purdon said. From her commissioning until the end of the war against Germany, the PC-1264 participated in merchant ship convoys and antisubmarine patrols. The ship was an integral part of the Navy effort against the German U-boat. But she was just as much a social experiment, critical to the future of the Negro in the Navy. On both counts, the ship and her crew received an outstanding "well done." "I was scared when I took command of the ship and thought the Navy should have picked someone with more at sea experience than me for the job," Cmdr. Purdon said. "But I was terribly interested in the job and I was con vinced of the justice of the 70 -HOUR # JU SERVICE That's all the time it takes to get your trophies and Plaques complete with engraving. «• Over 500 Trophies Sc Piaques in Stock TRIANGLE TROPHY CENTER 113 Wellons Village Shopping Center Phone 638->sßf Open Jto * Daily—'til 10 Friday Nights program. "I was proud enough to have had command of a war ship during the war, especially to have had one so distinctive | and that accomplished such an important extra missior so successfully." Public reaction to the all- Negro crew of the ship ranged from distaste to scepticism Most of the black press of the day objected to the ship with her black crew because it was strictly a "Jim Crow" vessel. "But as I told them, this was the test. We had to prove j those stereotypes were hog wash," Cmdr. Purdon said. Before the PC-1264 was decommissioned in 1946, she had proved that race was no 1 measure of a sailor's capabili ! ty and segregation was dis carded as a Navy policv. Since then, blacks have served in all enlisted rates and ratings, i and a.* commissioned officers ! from ensigns to captains. ■ In 1814 compulsory apprsn ! ticesnip was ended by a legis. j lative act in England 7A

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