2A •W CIKMtt g— BABBBAT, OR. It, jfgg Ow Camilla £tme® pAMM&SI EDITO RIA L S A New South, A New North Long before racial turbulence hit fee North, the South entered the era of intepation. In those days when Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., and other civil ritftts leaders were largely unknown, Northerners found it hard to believe that the violence and dis ortel sweeping the South could ac tually be happening in the United States. But, in the ensuing years, the pressures visited upon the South be gan moving northward. New York, Chicago, Los Angeles - the parade of cities now seems endless - .began en tering periods of turmoil, the end of which is not in sight. From civil rights and race issues, a general move ment has arisen involving countless poups and splinter parties of every philosophical hue. In the tumult, the problems of a decade ago in the South have all but been forgotten. Other than an occasional court ruling that makes the headlines briefly - usually having to do with desegregation - there has been little news of how civil rights in the South have fared since the first Negro marchers took to the streets and highways. An interesting report on the South, as it is today, has appeared in the pages of Newsweek, authored by Karl Fleming, a native North Carolinian. Mr. Fleming was in the South in the early 1960's as a correspondent for Newsweek, and more recently he re visited the area to write a firsthand report on how much it has changed. Writes Mr. Fleming, "Black people are still poor and still imprisoned by their poverty. But they go places they have never been before - the 'white' and 'colored' signs have come down al most everywhere - and they think thoughts they'.have never dared think before. They vote now, and the poli tics .of the South has begun to re spond to their power .. The Deep South used to say never; the extent to which it has changed since I left - and the extent to which it has acquiesced in the change - was stunning." Can American Education Survive? Under the title, "Can American Education Survive One more Year Like the One We Have Just Been Through?," the magazine . National Review has presented a stunning indicment of current policies and phUoaophies prevailing in many lead ing U. S. institutions of higher learn ing. The indictment takes the form of letters and messages describing the disillusioning experiences of thousands of students, professors, parents and trustees in their contacts with university Ufe during the school year 1969-70. . The editor of National Review explains the publication of the letters with the comment: "The end of the school year caught many students, professors and parents constipated by the unavtalability of appropriate media in which to express themselves. For the most part, student publi cations were dominated by the acti vist Left. Local newspapers do not usually encourage substantial ac counts of private experiences or analysis. College presidents . reply with form letters." Many of those wishing to express their views did so to National Review. In the words of this publication, their opinions" ... are a stirring commentary on what it wis like to go to school in the United States, in the spring of 1970." Making due allowance for the tend ency of everyone to express extreme opinions in moments of bitterness, the thoughts of those who might fee caled members of the "silent majority" on the college campuses Gties like Montgomery and Birm ingham, as well as smaller, unknown places such as Philadelphia, Missis sippi, where three civil rights workers were murdered in 1964, have opened up jobs and schools to Negroes. In Philadelphia, the star basketball player was a Negro who at the end of last season was hoisted to the should ers of his white teammates and borne in triumph around the gym. Mr. Flem ing found other evidence of an altered way of life particularly for Negroes in the South. He quotes a retired lawyer who says, "The rule of law has finally arrived - you can go to jail for beating up a Negro now." The days of the night-riding Klansmen and cross burning appear also to have been retired into the pages of history. At Selma, Alabama, where Rever end Martin Luther King and his followers became the center of na tional attention in a conflict with mounted possemen and state troop ers, the scene is one of peace. There is no longer a mounted posse, and the present sheriff explains that, "people want peace." Mr. Fleming sums up the attitude of the South today by noting that many people paste Wal lace stickers on their cars,"... but not many of them say 'never' any more." However, he finds also that the revo lution that overtook the South a de cade ago may yet lead to the divisive ness that is currently tearing at the North," ... precisely because the South is getting to be so much more like the North. Advanced agricultural technology," he explains, "is pushing Negroes off the land ... faster than industrial growth can absorb them. So the cities breed unemployment, and unemployment breeds despair, and despair breeds militancy ..." The big question now is whether Northern-style militancy, often ac companied by no discernible purpose, can lead to further social and econo mic advances or merely to chaos. may, nonetheless, stir a feeling of shock among millions of people who have endeavored to shrug off disturb- ances on campuses as a transitory phenomenon. One student writes, "Four years and over SB,OOO ago I came to Columbia College expecting to be able to get a good liberal arts education and in general spend my college years in the peaceful pursuit of this goal .. In four years at Columbia I have witnessed the de struction of a once-honorable institu tion. I have seen a once-great univer sity become a third-rate political tool for a mob of Vietcong flag-waving animals, who trample the rights of anyone who dares to disagree with them... I am leaving Columbia this week to return to my native land, the United States of America, and I only hope its people will take me back." A graduate student of philosophy writes, "...our institutions (the fami ly, the churches, the schools —f es pecially the high schools - in my opinion) have failed to instill the proper values. The cause of liberalism, with its paralyzing relativism and valueless academicism ... By destroy ing the institutions which normally embody our values and traditions, the liberals have created a value-vaccum." XpOR THE first time since D *. KWAME NKRUMAH was cata pulted out of office by a military coup d'etat in 1960, Ghana, the for mer British Gold Coast, has a new president, 84 - year - old EDWARD AKUFO-ADDO, retired Chief Justice, who was elected by the Ghana Par liament by a vote of 123 to 35 for his nearest opponent. Will The Flag Symbolize The "Statu* Quo"? TRADE UNIONISTS TODAY ARE JK MIDDLE CLASS, CONCERNED WITH I® GEORGEM°Z°" SA '° Comments from the Capital ISSUES IN THE NEWS TODAY SRISI by Vant Neff It was no moment of great pride for a proud university— Yale when the six-man black of UhJiV Panther leader, David Hilliard, beat and stomped a white man who at tempted to speak from the same platform. The audience of 4500 merely sat and gaped. Hurrah and boola, boola. old Eli! How times have changed! • • • In the midst of world turmoil that surrounds us, let's not over look the fact that this is a free country. The First Amendment guarantees, without strings at tached, freedom of speech to everyone employers as well as employees. This particular freedom has been re-confirmed by the Taft Hartley Act. But it has been sadly neglected by the National Labor Relations Board. How incredible it ts that a union shop steward can fell his men any and all things, but the owner or manager must be wary of each word he utters. According to a Congressional Committee Report op the Nlßfy fhii organ ization lias "double standards-' for applying labor law to cases, consistently favoring unions. The remedy, for an admittedly biased and unfair situation: labor law reform. Ii you'd like to become more informed about if—and al-, most everyone who works is af fected by our country's labor laws, one way or another you may write for a copy of this re port to the U. S. Government Printing Office in Washington, D. C. It will cost you a dollar, but it may save you plenty. It's a shame, in my opinion, that so many fine, industrious Italian-Americans have been tarred by the same brush as their wheeler-dealer Mafia coun trymen. Ethnic prejudice is al ways ugly. But in this case, it's disgraceful. Thought to remember: Every time a union demands and wins an excessive wage hike, 1 you and I pay for it. How? We pay more for everything, from pencils to peanut butter, from hammers to housing. Don't , blame the manufacturers for the price rise. It isn't their fault. But those wage increases don't come out of the blue. They come out of your pocketbook, and mine. If the product were bigger, or better, or if the worker produced two products in the time that he usually made one, it would be a different matter. But the way things stand now, higher wages ana low productivity add up to one bitterly unpleasant fact: in flation! Nobody likes it. Nobody wants it. And nobody can afford Things You Should Know ipQ ROMAN IN WILLIAMSPORX VA Y HE TOOK HIS EARLY SCHOOLING IN CANADA. IN 1890, HE RE °EIVED HIS MD. DEGREE FROM MEHARRY. \v* HE 0,0 H,SADVANCEDMHK ,N U>NDON /E NG- V ®i\ LAND! R£MARKABLE ,N H,S VERSATILITY, \ V"% HE WAS RENOWNED AS A PROFESSOR DIRECT OR OF A SAVINGS BANK,MEMBER OF THE NAT IONAL MEDICAL ASS'q ( AND Fnimp nc TUCIP JOURNAL) /AND AUTHOR OF BOOKS AND SOCIOLOGY! it, because under present con ditions, the value of money ia melting faster than butter in your mouth. It/? a progressive nation whose population enjoys a high educational level all across the board—we're just not playing it very smart. am The oddest of all odd couples: What in the world did Britain's pretty Princess Margaret and Yugoslavia's Red dictator Tito find to chat about as they basked in the Adriatic sun? And how true is the rumor that her sister Queen Elizabeth is anticipating a state visit to Moscow? Or are these just further instances of the perpetual program to en hance the Communist cause throughout the world? Will the unions' riches never end! One mammoth labor or ganization, the United Mine Workers, owns the National Bank of Washington. Nice go ing, for a union with an alleged 700 bogus locals, about half of which do not file federal finan cial reports. According to my calculations, that must leave quite a tidy sum to be raked off and used at will. And I would suspect at the union bosses' will, not the workers'. After all, they are only the people who had their pay envelopes clipped to provide the money in the first place! The "hard hats" who trounced the student dissenters for mock ing the American flag have made one point very clear: They want to show their support of our President and of every man who is still fighting for the cause of freedom in Vietnam, or any where else. And patriotism like this is a point in anyone's fa vor. Agreed? Contrast President Nixon's al truistic proposal to declare the ocean floor beyond a depth of 600 feet as a common heritage of all countries, with the unscru- pulous attitude of some other na tions that have seized ships as far away as 200 miles off their coastlines in neutral waters. Who says we Americans are im perialistic! (Peru, are you listen ing?) • • » What a switch! It is reported that in Hungary today, a doctor who studies for years to attain his professional status receives $56.50 a month as a starting sal ary. Meanwhile, an uneducated industrial worker's average monthly beginning wage is $82.60. If this is the so-called "people's equality" the Commu nists preach, give me free enter prise any day! Strange, isn't it, that the five Americans who were awarded the Lenin Peace Prize have been more belligerent than peaceful in their supposed efforts to pro mote peace? Check the "honors list" carefully. There is W. E. B. Dußois, whose Communist-in spired campus clubs laid the groundwork for today's epi demic of student turbulence. Singer Paul Robeson and artist Rockwell Kent, both notorious for their Soviet sympathizing. In dustrialist Cyrus Eaton, who re ceived a three-horse Russian troika carriage as a token of es teem from his pal, Nikita Khrush chev. Now the latest is Dr. Linus Pauling, whose own private battle versus nuclear weapon testing has been waged against the United States, not the coun try which decorated him. What does he plan to do about Rus sian nuclear bomb tests? (Ex perts claim that Russian bomb build-up and tests by far exceed ours). Doesn't he recall the in famous Russian "gift" to the United States—a carved eagle loaded with concealed micro phones? To those familiar with the Communists' methods of swaying public opinion, and surely Dr. Pauling must be, none of this should come as a sur prise. No one surpasses the Rus sians in the fine arts of double talk, deception and duplicity. Who knows whether or not student unrest in China seethes as furiously as it does in France or Japan? News from that coun try is carefully filtered and edi ted by the authorities. But word does leak out that the authorities there go to a great extent to sup press student opinions, in order to maintain the fiction of "un questioning obedience", while they contend that all dissent is stirred up by imperialistic for eign conspirators. If this is "Chi nese progress", it is inscrutable to me. ■ ly WHITNEY M. YOUNG Back To FIRST reports from the South indicate that there is general compliance in most communities with the Supreme Court's desegregation orders. It never should have taken 16 years to implement those orders, but it finally appears as if all but the die-hard fringe have accepted the inevitable. But we have had the appearance of change in the past, while the substance of change was missing. In the ng weeks, the government should. be looking very care at these newly integrated school districts to make sure t; he spirit, as well as the letter, of the law is being carried out. Many Southern school districts have used subterfuge to avoid complete desegregation before, and black people will take the Administration's stand on this as a real test of its sincerity. Senate hearings this summer exposed some of the tech niques used to rrsegregate some schools. Witnesses told Sen ate investigators, for example, that many districts ordered token desegregation, and then set up dual school system within the desegregation school building. Segregation In The Building In Kemper county, Mississippi's schools, witnesses said, black, students attend all-black classes taught by black teachers while white kids are taught by white teachers in all white classrooms. In Louisiana's DeS'oto Parish, black kids had to take the school bus at 5:30 a.m. so that vhite kids could ride it later. A black principal in Mississippi was assigned duty as a janitor for the previously all-white school. And it has been estimated that some 5.000 black teachers have last their when their districts were desegregated over the past sixteen years. Elsewhere, when black students were admitted to prev iously all-white schools, some remarkable things happened. Desks were pulled out and replaced by older, smaller desks. New textbooks disappeared and were replaced by out-of-date, ones. New lab equipment and microscopes vanished. Sports equipment disappeared. Where did they go? To the segregated private schools set up to avoid court orders to desegregate. There are even ■ cases of whole school buildings that were turned over to these private academies. Despite the current widespread desegregation, there are three issues still in doubt. The first is the resegregation we've just discussed. Second is the busing issue, which the Supreme Court will shortly decide. Most Pupils Bused Anyhow The Attorney-General has gone on record against busing to achieve integration, but I think the Court should go ahead and order busing where necessary. After all, about two-thirds of all school children in the country are being bussed now, many of them to avoid integration. So why not bus children for the educationally important goal of integration, as well? The final issue still up in the air is that of tax exemp tions for private school donations. The hate academies spring ing up all over the South need only file a statement with the Internal Revenue Service that they don't discriminate in order to attain tax-exempt status. But that's not enough. In the light of all that's happened, no government agency can take such statements at face value- Before exemptions should be allowed there must be proof of real integration in these schools. There has been a clear and unmistakable pattern of evasion and deception of court-orders. Now. there is some room for hope that desegregation will become a reality. _ Ne *f" Pictures of white students going to class in Booker T. Washington Sigh School; the scrapping in aome schools of ♦ , ! «nd singing Dixie; and the smooth desegregation of Junior high schools and high school* i„ so many places, all give reason for hope that real change is on the way. The Administration's appropriation of fund* to ease the stresses of desegregation and its lawsuits offer ground for hope that its policy is one of active encouragement of com pliance with court orders. President Nixon's recent outspoken lu . « representatives of state desegregation councils at their New Orleans meeting certainly helped, too. But glowing news reports shouldn't mislead the Admin istration. It should keep close tabs on the situation to make sure that compliance is real, and that resegregation will not once again be the rule once the reporters pack up and go home. Robbing Fiancee ALEXANDRIA, Egypt Egyptian sailor Mohamed Khamis was too poor to get married, so he decided to rob his wife-to-be of her dowry. Police said the sailor per suaded his finance to bring Chare Published every Saturday at Durham. N.C. by United Publishers, Inc. L. E. AUSTIN, Publisher-Editor CLARENCE BONNETTE . Business Manaser J. ELWOOD CARTER „ Advertising Manager Second Class Postage Paid at Durham, N. C. 17708 SUBSCRIPTION RATES United States and Canada 1 year $6.00 United States and Canada 2 Years $ll.OO Foreigrn Countries 1 Year $7 50 Single Copy • 20 Cents Principal Office Located at 436 E. Rettigrew Street Durham, North Carolina 27702 FOR THE MOST UP-TO-DATE IN FORMATION IN THE WORLD QN NEGRO EVENTS AND SOCIAL HAPPENINGS, READ THE CARO LINA TIMES, A NEWSPAPER THAT SPEAKS THE TRUTH WITHOUT FEAR OR FAVORITISM. ©w CatSjlaCimcs P. a BOX 38225 DURHAM. N. G. 27702 Here is my subscription. ( ) |6.00 for one year ' ) sll.oo' for 2 years. NAME STREET No STATE ft ZIP : . JOc Sale* Tut for residents of North Caroline V>reUtn f7.80 per y«r. Does Not Pay he r $lB3 dowry to a local park where the couple was held ap and robbed by two accomplices of Khamis. Khamis was arrested. His fiancee called off the mar riage plans.

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