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,T- -cP0tmT1"ES SAT- JANUARY 9i io-n
JlCIf H5T0RY A RACE IS LIKE A MAN-UNTJL
IT USES ITS OWN TALENTS,
: TAKES PRIDE IN ffi$ OWN HISTORY
AND LOVES ITS OWN MEMORIES.
IT CAN NEVER FULFILL ITSELF
Blacks Can Make It Happen
Failure of United States
Washington's efforts to intervene in .Angola's vicil
war, through a massive infusion of arms, money and
training support, is doomed to failure. -
The reason lies not in the rights and wrongs of the
contending factions but in a history of neglect of black
Africa and indifference to its paramount concerns.
Our . government has little influence in Africa today
becauseit supported the European colonial powers up
to the bitter end, and even today follows a conciliatory
policy toward the racist South African government that
maintains an apartheid system and oppresses Us black
In Angola, despite putting some nationalist leaders
on the CIA payroll, Washingtdn poured military aid into
the old Portuguese dictatorship, aid that was quickly
funneled into Portugal's African colonies, including
Angola, to fight rebels battling for independence.
What makes the Angolan mess even worse is the
presence of the South African army fighting in support
of the faction we are backing.
Yes, the Popular Movement forces are supplied with
advanced Russian weapons, Russian advisors, Cuban
combat troops, and , it is alleged, with white
mercenaries from Katanga. None of these groups has
any business being there.
But from the African point of view, bad as these
outsiders may be, they can't compare with troops from
a South African regime that condemns its black
majority to sub-human living conditions and strips them
of basic human rights.
So in Angola, the U. S. is allied with South Africa
against a black movement that has been recognized by
many nations while the side we support has very limited
The point Americans ought to consider is whether we
want to be in a position in which we are allied with an
internationally-abhored country and intervening in an
African civil war-that could become another Vietnam.
The lesson that must be drawn from American
TO BE EQUAL
ly E. JOMAM
Iwrtn Cirfctor Kilned
impotence in Angola is that our historic neglect of
African liberation movements and support for colonial
powers has left us bereft of the natural reservoir of
goodwill that should have been ours on the Continent.
Many African leaders were educated here, and many
more admire the principles of democracy. But that
potential goodwill has been thrown away by one
Administration after another that refused to recognize
African rights to independence and necessary economic
The Russian and Cuban intervention should be
condemned too. It holds the threat of turning the
African continent into a field of cold war rivalry, and
African difference must be settled by Africans
themselves, not by the new imperialist Moscow or
their hired guns.
The near-hysteria surrounding the prospects of
Russian domination of Angola's resources if the Popular
Movement wins' is impractical from many points of
view. The nationalist fervor that led freedom fighters to
resist the Portuguese for so many years will also operate
to frustrate the Russians in any power grab they may
An American policy of non-involvement, assistance
to African groups seeking a political solution, disavowal
of South African intervention, and open diplomacy to
establish ties of mutual respect with the government
that emerges from the fighting is bound to do us a lot
more good in the long run than being drawn into an
affair that is none of our business.
Such a policy would win respect for our country
throughout the continent and is bound to result in a
backlash effect that resents Russian intrusions. The
Russians are ahead now simply because they've never
been bogged down by supporting colonial powers, but
that lead is of necessity short-lived.
The African policy of our government has been one
of having no policy. The conflict in Angola points up
the dangers of that stance. But it also provides us with
an opportunity to construct a sound policy toward
Africa, a Continent that is of growing importance and
one that has no use for either the CIA or the KGB, but
looks for understanding and friendship.
The 1976 election for president is
upon us and the black community
shortly will be besieged by politicians
asking us, once again, for our support,
our money, and our endorsement.
We will be offered the usual promises
but, what's probably worse, we will also
be offered the usual politicians. We
won't be given the opportunity by either
of the national parties to vote for a black
Part of this is the fault of the national
parties. It wasn't until 1960 that a
Catholic was voted into office and
neither party has ever run a Jew, much
less a black. But part of it is the fault of
blacks for not putting themselves into
the race, and not working early enough
and hard enough for our own people.
Sen. Brooke of Massachusetts is an
outstanding campaigner and a man of
excellent talents. Julian Bond is also a
worthy public figure, and there are
others. But lightning is not going to
strike the black community in the form
of a black candidate unless we help make
Among the candidates now in the
field, there is no Republican at this time
who impresses us. Certainly, President
Ford, has been a tawdry disappointment.
His Republican rival, Ronald Reagan,
should have stayed in show business
where he belonged and where he
achieved a modest remitari.
Among the Democrats, we believe i)-Vir'e.,,?fr'
there are some nromisin fi,,.n 3JJWmjWLLWeb.
J- - ----"Q "0M(VU
former Senator Fred Harris, the populist,
looks to be the best man in the field, but
it is too early to say. What is an
incontrovertible .act is that black
politicians are still at the bottom of the
political pyramid and it's up to us to help
boost them up. When do YOU start?
Close to Home
Time To Abolish The Central
The time has come to abolish the
Central Intelligence Agency. It was
originally .set up to coordinate
intelligence operations for the U. S.
government but it has failed dismally to
do that job. Instead, it has busied itself
acting in behalf of presidents as their
personal, hired killers.
Acting secretly, both Republican j and
Democrat, presidents have ordered the
CIA? to do "dirty'jobs attempting to
kilt leaders in Africa and Latin America
and the Mid East who happened to be
out of favor with Washington. This is not
foreign policy. It is murder, pure and
simple, and shows the failure of the US.
to formulate a foreign policy that can
work by inspiration and positve action.
Writing in the, New York REVIEW
OF BOOKS recently, author Gary Wills
urged the CIA be abolished and its
functions transferred to the State
Department where they could be
supervised properly. We back this
proposal. We are sick of the United
States being disgraced by the CIA's dirty
tricks around (the world. We are sickened
by the waste of public monies for this
purpose. Covert, (killing and
disruption)operations must be stopped
Just the fact of getting a job is all
important to many, too many, people
whose skins happen to be black or they
posses a Spamish-sumame, or are Oriental
or line original Americans. ?; ; . ; v
look at the grim
ihaj&manv a noor
,,. . A V JT
soul wages daily just ;to make it through
another day, I am reminded of some of the
poorer foreign countries I have visited
where the natives grind meal, pound millet,
forage for roots andnuts.not to store away
for future meals, but to fill immediately
that gnawing void in their stomachs and for
a brief moment thwart a menacing death
ever crouching in the offing in the form of
But this is a country of unprecedented
wealth, of an advanced technology that
when contemplated boggles the mind of
even the most sophisticated or world weary
observer. It is indeed the fabled land of
milk and honey, where the grain bins bulge
and the vast farmlands of the midwest and
prairie states swarm with contented cows
and sheep, and pigs and goats. And the
barnyards are aflutter with chickens and
ducks and turkeys and geese.
Why, then, the pervasive hunger in so
many corners of the nation?Why is it that
the income gap between blacks and whites
is widening rather than closing in this
halcyon land?Why are blacks the last hired
and the first fired and women clustered in
These, are, nagging and compelling
questions thamusj be, answered soon if we
are to continue as a strong and viable'
nation. In the meantime, it might be
instructive to blacks and other minorities
to begin to assess job market a bit more
closely to determine how best to make
entry to a particular field of employment
or a specific job. F
For example: The Federal
Communications Commission as I stated
recently has an overall complement of
more than 1 ,900 employees. These consist
of lawyers, engineers, electronics
technicians, computer analysts, secretarial
and clerical workers, etc. All of these
people are not clustered in Washington, D.
We have some 50 field offices under the
Field Operations Bureau, scattered across
theU. S. These offices for the most part are
small, ranging from a staff of three or four
(a monitoring station) to one of 1 5 or
more, a full , district office that handles
licensing procedures, etc.
; But the advantages they offer the
prospective employee is that they make it
unnecessary to leave his or her home and
journey to faraway Washington, D. C, to
secure employment with the agency. It is
true, as Ms. Curtestine Boardley, who heads
the internal EEO unit of the FCC," says,
, that. these, offices soon will be regionally.
- Even so,1 this 1 should1 resultrlin -greater
career possibilities for people working in
them, making a larger concentration of
FCC employees in one area and yet
offering possible employment closer to
home for the job seeker.
One of the factors that has affected the
employment of minorities in these offices
is that they are small and when people
acquire jobs in them they tend to stay.
But mostly it is lack of awareness of
job availability that affects blacks and
minorities adversely. Part of the
responsibility for this, of course, rests with '
the federal government. Not enough
information has been disseminated to the
populace concerning where the jobs are,
the type of jobs, the kind of pay, etc.
But in the final analysis, the
responsibility rests on the job seeker. He
must somehow ferret out the information
he needs to steer him firmly in the
direction of job possibilities. To paraphrase
the late Billie Holiday song, "God Bless a
child who makes his own way." (NNPA).
Lester B. Granger
President Ford in his State of the
Union message called for what he chose
to term as realism in spending with a
return of funds to the states for their
allocation and decisions as to how it
should be spent. In addition, budget cuts
were listed to halt creeping increased
. The word realism may sound great to
big business interests but for millions of
unemployed Americans -low income,
fixed; income, minorities and especially
Blacks and the elderly, realism has been
in and on their minds since many gainful
and helpful programs have been thrown
out and continued unemployment faces
Many Americans were hopeful that
some solutions to aid the sagging
economy would be suggested but it
- seemed that no solutions appeared in the
message, just continuing rhetoric, useful
for a big political year.
A possible solution for the continued
lagging economy would be to raise
productivity through lowering the
unemployment and interest rates. This
solution might again call for a realistic
public service jobs approach by the
government so that employment and
jobs could be made available for the
millions of unemployed Americans.
Interest rate lowering might also give the
Periodically in the course
of history, an individual of unusual
capacity for dealing with human needs
comes upon the scene. He quietly but
resolutely makes enormous
contributions to mankind and then
Such an individual was Lester B.
Granger who died last week at the age of
to thousands of servicemen and in 1945
was awarded the Navy's highest civilian
decoration, the , Distinguished Civilian
Service Award. .
He steadfastly pushed "the right to
work, the right to vote, the right to
physical safety and the right to dignity
and self-respect for black Americans.
During his tenure as the third
executive director of the National Urban
AB0 tit a nnxl... t ,
Granger was born in Newport News, 4, T-
Virginia in 1896. His father was a f !!6 '
physician and Lester Granger was the md budget from $6oS,OoTto more
only one of his six sons not to pursue a than $4500,000. 'TIS
career in either medicine or the law. He effectively' to increase tjnt
trained as a social worker. opportunities for .'blacks .t a time Xn
He was extremely active increasing , fair employment practices were regarded
opportunities for minorities during as a radical idea and he opened countless
Wftrlt War IT an4 iann1 as ' BHaiVi 1 IJ J ' . t .
, . w... u aiIU ant a oyvivai wuacu uuure, saia vernon Jordan
neeaea Doom .10 me sagging construction assistant to the Secretary of the Navy in ltef Granger wai truly a man of the
and building industries. ' advising on the fullest utUization of highest inegrity . and character His
So, for the millions of unemployed blacks. He. travelled 60.000 miles, talked ntrih,.tirt. -llLrl i .
Americans and the small businesses that 1 . ' " w m mueuDle
are rapidly falling into bankruptcy and
dissolution the State of the Union
address or message appeared more like
political rhetoric with less impact on the
true reality of the continuing dismal
picture found in our lagging economy
and rising inflation.
'If than it no smitft thare is no progress. ThoM who propose to favor freafon amfytt
prcUt agitation, are man who want crops without plowing up tha ground They want!
rain without thundar and lightntni-fhay want tha ootam' majatf to wavaa without foawM,
raaref ittwatars." "
Bonn in cuftAOM, outcmkot
INDIES, OP MIXIO M)CNTAet;HtSt
CAMS A WORLO-f AMOU OCMCftAl,
N0T10 AS SIMON BOUVMil NIAT
IST RIVAL MOVINS 70 VCNfZUCLA
IN ISlOy HC BECAME A StNCKAl AND
DEFIED AUTHORITY SY FKHTMC FOR
NEORO RIQHTS.AtE STIRRED NCSRO
OFFICERS AND MEN TO REBELLION FOR THIS BOLIVAR HAD MIM
KILLED BUT NOTH IN8 COULD KILL THE MOVEMENT