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SAT.. JANUARY 31. 1976. THE CAROLINA TIMES - 15
y Elva P. DeJarmon ' . c
(Brief anecdotes of Negro History from Bef-ORE THE
MAYFLOWER, by Lerone Bennett, Jr., and THE NEGRO IN
VIRGINIA, Writers Program of WPA in Virginia,' Hampton
Fisk University, opened Jan. 9.
Thaddeus Stevens proposed measure authorizing
President to set aside land to be distributed to freedmen
in 40 acre lots, Feb. 5. Measure was defeated by vote of
126 to 37.
fiiM 1 rinh to Kill nocco mror Procirlnf'c vpti A rr il
Will pUJJVU VTVl 1 IViJlUVili J V IVj J IJl M
9. Race Riot, Memphis, Tenn., May 1-3. Forty six
Negroes, two white liberals killed; about 75 wounded.
Ninety homes, twelve schools and four churches were
Race riot, New Orleans, La. July 30. Thirty five
killed; more than one hundred wounded.
Edward G. Walker, son of abolitionist David Walker,
and Charles L. Mitchell elected to Masschusetts House
of Representatives, the first Negroes elected to an
American legislative assembly
Bill giving suffrage (vote) to Negroes in District of
Columbia passed over President's Johnson's veto,
Negro delegation led by Frederick Douglass, called
on President Johnson and urged ballots for ex-slaves,
Morehouse College, opened,
First of series of Reconstruction Acts passed by
congress, Marcn l. Acts divided iormer conieaerare
states into five military districts under command of
generals. Elections were ordered for constitutional
conventions and freedmen were given the right to vote.
First national meeting of Ku Klux Klan, Maxwell
House, Nashville, April.
Howard University, opened May, 1 . Talladega College
also opened in 1867 and Atlanta University was
The Knights of White Camelia, a secret white
supremacist organization, founded in Louisiana, May.
South Carolina Constitutional convention met
in Charleston, January 14. This was the first
assembly of its kind in the West with a majority of
Negro delegates ; seventy-six of the 124 delegates
William Edward Burghardt DuBois born in
Great Barrington, Mass. February 23.
Hampton Institute opened, April, 1868.
Oscar J. Dunn, an ex-slave, formally installed as
lieutenant governor of La., the highest elective
office held by an American Negro, June 13.
Negroes were later elected lieutenant governors of
Mississippi and South Carolina.
First General Assembly of South Carolina
Reconstruction government met at Janney's Hall,
Columbia, July 6. Eighty-four of the 157
legislators were negroes.
Fourteenth Amendment became part of
Constitution, July 28, 1868.. Death of Thaddeus
Stevens, architect of Radical Construction
program. Washington, D. C. August 11.
Race riot, New Orleans, September 22; Other
race riots in Lousiana in 1 868 were at Opelousas,
September 28; St. Bernard Parish, October 26.
Ebenezer Don Carlos Bassett became minister to
Haiti, April 16. Bassett was probably first negro to
receive an appointment in diplomatic service.
U. S., population: 39,818,449. Negro
population: 4,880,009 (12.7) Jonathan Jasper
Wright became Associate Justice of South Carolina
Supreme Court, February 2.
Hiram R. Revels succeeded Jefferson Davis as U.
S. Senator from Mississippi, February 2. Revels
was first Negro-in Congress. Fifteenth Amendment
became part of Constitution, Marcji 30. j
America n Anti-Slavery Society dissolved, April
First of series of Enforcement Acts (Klu Klux
Klan Acts) put federal elections in hand of federal
officials and guaranteed civil and political rights of
freedmen theough federal courts, May 31,1 870.
Governor Holden declared state of insurrection
in two North Carolina counties, March 7 and July
James W. Smith of South Carolina entered West
Point, July 1, Smith, the first Negro student , did
not graduate ; he was separated June 26, 1 874.
Joseph H. Rainey, first Negro in House of
Representatives, sworn in as Congressman from
South Carolina, December 12.
Colored Methodist Episcopal Church organized
Jackson, Tenn. December 16. Robert H. Wood
elected mayor of Natchez, Mississippi,. December.
Race riot, Meridian, Miss. March 6.
Fisk Jubilee Singers began first tour, October 6.
President Grant issued proclamation against
KKK in South Carolina. Suspended writ of habeas
Corpus in nine counties, October 1 7.
Paul Lawrence Dunbar born in Dayton, Ohio,
Charlotte E. Ray, first Negro woman, lawyer,
graduated from Howard Univ. Law School,
Gebruary 27. Atty. Ray, the first American woman
to graduate from a university law school, was
admitted to practice, April 23
John Henry Conyers of South Carolina entered
Annapolis, September 21, He later resigned.
P.B.S. Pinchback became acting governor of
Louisiana on the impeachment of the governor,
December 1 1 .
P.B.S. Pinchback elected to the U.S. Senate,
January 15. Colfax Massacre, Easter Sunday
morning, Grant parish, La. April 13, more than 60
Henry E. Hayne, Secretary of State, accepted as
student at University of South Carolina, October 7.
W. C. Handy, bom in Florence, Ala. November
Richard T. Greener, first Negro graduate of
Harvard University, named professor of Metaphysics at
the University of South Carolina, November.
University had several negro students and an
interracial board of trustees.
January 30, 1933-The "Lone Ranger" radio program Is broad
cast for the first time across the United States.
January 31, 1917-Germany announces a policy of unrestricted
submarine warfare, accelerating the pace of World War I.
February 1, 1790-The Supreme Court of the United States holds
its first session, meeting in New York City under the leadership of
Chief Justice John Jay.
February 2 -Ground Hog day.
February 3, 1924-Woodrow Wilson, former President, dies at his
home in Washington.
February 4, 1789-Presidential electors cast all 69 of their votes
for George Washington. John Adams Is chosen Vice President.
February 5, ....-Constitution Day in Mexico. This day com
memorates the Constitutions of both 1857 and 1917 in that country.
To celebrate 31ack
History Month (February).
Redbook magazine is
publishing a condensed
version of the forthcoming
novel about the life of
heroine Harriet Tubman in
its February issue, to be
released January 20.
Anne Smith, fiction
editor of Redbook, which
publishes more fiction
than any other mass
circulation monthly and is
the only two-time winner
of the National Magazine
Award for fiction, was so
impressed with this first
novel by March Heidish
that she changed the
"Because the novel was
long, our usual practice of
condensing to 36,000
words was not practical, so
we decided on an excerpt
of the first three sections,"
Ms. Smith said. A new
ending was prepared for
the magazine version
which covers Ms.
Tubman's early years of
slavery, her escape, and
her first ten years with the
Ms. Heidish's novel, "A
Woman Called Moses,"
will be published in
February by Houghton
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