North Carolina Newspapers

    Duke University LiLrary
Newspaper. Department r f.,
' Durhsm, W' C. '27706;
rC W "ii -Jannf
in ft
To most peopla nothing- is more troublesome
than the effort of thinking. Jtmts Btjct
xl Jusf Be Honest And
Soy Busing Has failed"
- Tl "
r -
4; t
Lane Brown
Seeks State
Treas. Post
Representative Lane Brown
(D-Stanly) announced here
Monday that he is a candidate
for the Democratic nomination
for state treasurer.
The 35,year old Albemarle
attorney said he Is resJgnirig hisT
seat in the General Assembly
to devote full time to the
"North Carolina," said
Brown, "faces unprecedented
demands on her resources. We
will require an active and
agressive policy of fiscally
conservative, responsible
"Fiscal responsibility has
been the hallmark of my
career,' he added, "if the
people vote approval of my
candidacy, I expect to provide
that responsible leadership."
In an nouncing his
candidacy, Brown paid tribute
to Edwin Gill, present State
Treasurer, who announced
January 15 that he will not
seek reelection.
He noted that :all of us in
(See LANE BROWN, Page 1 0)
KAMPALA, (Hsinhua) - A
grand rally and parade were held
here, Sunday, Jan. 25 to mark
the 5 th Anniversary of the
Second Republic of Uganda.
Ugandan President Idi Amin
reviewed the parade made up of
workers, peasants, students,
soldiers, and provincial
Addressing the rally,
President Amin reaffirmed
Uganda's strict adherence to the
policy of non-alignment. He
called on the people to redouble
their efforts to ensure that
Uganda would continue to
follow the progressive policy in
mastering her own destiny.
Uganda must further pursue the
policy of self-reliance in the
management of industries and
other affairs, he stressed.
Zairian President Mobutu
Sese Seko, President Jean-Bedel
Bokassa of the Central African
Republic, and Liberian President
William R. Tolbert attended the
rally on invitation.
Chinese Ambassador Ko
Pu-Hai and Diplomatic Envoys
of other countries accredited
here were also present on the
President Amin, distinguished
guests and a cross section of
Ugandan people watched a grand
mass calisthenics show and an
Air Force display.
By Ray Jenkins
At a press conference held in
Raleigh, on , Monday, Senator
Henry Jackson defended his
stand against forced busing.
"I must be honest and say
that busing has failed. As
president, ! would provide for
magnet schools .where busing
would be optional," he said.
Jackson said that the real
solution would be to require the
courts to make a finding which,
whether through busing or
otherwise, would result in
ii i t g i g i i u ii a ii u II U I Man fVu.nla.. AmS..,. VU.. Dr..iA.n. l a B. r A I .-I J - J
re-segregation. He also said that ' " ' ..., wmuu un
he authored a bill which resulted "Jhnson Wax Mary McLeod Bethune Award" to Mrs. Marion H. Jackson, outstanding civic, business,
in a quarter billion dollars in and social leader of Washington, D. C. Looking on from the left is Mist Dorothy Height, President of
fa theninictfw the Nationar Council of Negro Women, the organization which choose the Johnson Wax recipient
pipe-line and that he has a 100 wno be,t X9mP'fi the life and work of the late Mre. Bethune. Mrfc Mabie Keaton Staupers of New
voting record on civil rights Haven, Connecticut, was the first recipient of the award. Both women also received $500 cash awards
issues. Jackson noted that in the which were promptly donated to their favorite organization, NCNW.
District of Columbia there the ;
schools are 96 black that, "It
was only Scoop who had his kids
in the public integrated
schools." He said the imbalance
was a disgrace because most of
the whites are fleeing to the
Dr. Vivian IV. Henderson, S3, Clcrh College
President Buried In Tennessee Saturday
By Ray Jenkins
Minister Abdul Haleem
Farrakan, the interational
spokesman for the Nation of
Islam and its leader, Wallace
Muhammad, spoke to a Durham
audience last Thursday at the
Civic Center. He spoke for over
two hours before entertaining
several questions from the
audience. Farrakan began by
talking about some of the
misconceptions which
Mayor Charles f vers Says lie Wants To
Replace Roy Mans As NAACP fxec.
On the question of more
taxes, the Senator said, I think
the tax on the employee and the
employer has reached the
saturation point."
Jackson teels that the same
money which is used for .
unemployment and welfare
could go into federally financed
A"nrocfiof6fTicho61s';'' sewer '
systems and a host of other
programs with the goal of
affording every able bodied
person a job which he described
as "the number one civil right of
all "I believe I'm in the
progressive center of the
political spectrum," the Senator
In a taped broadcast, Fayette,
Mississippi, Mayor Charles Evers
said that he wants to replace
Roy Wilkins as the executive
director of the NAACP. Evers
was last Saturday's guest on
National Black Network's Black
........ ,ll'c,ut"L "Mavor Evers said he is still at
um0 nu f v " T Wr -odd! with the association's
be Charles Evers, as far as tha kadershi addin the
goes.. . but he would never get 'c tha tjAArp never
it... its no way they would elect ted' my way of doing didn't die when Elijah
vJLT S more. for th? things, and my whole pet thing Muhammad died, instead he gave
NAACP than all of them put them was j had a beef birth t0 a nation in his passing-a
lugvuivi.. .i. fu-m tor tne wav tnev iiv
Ik. irAnrii : . . . " " ""UU'I limn u.v.
uic v&ais 4,..tarl K Krnthpr I'll nPVPr
ATLANTA, GA. - Dr. Vivian
many Wilson Henderson. 53. resident
attribute to the Nation of Islam, 0f dark College in Atlanta, was
blijah ana Wallace Muhammad, buried Saturday in his
Many of the social scientists birthplace, Bristol, Tenn., after
said when Elijah Muhammad funeral services at 12 noon at
goes, so will the nation of Islam Atlanta's Warren Memorial
... and the world waited with United Methodist Church,
baited breath when he died,"
said Farrakan . ' Many Muslims
coudn't accept the fact that the
evil accident of time could take
so great a man.''
"But the Nation of Islam
Dr. Henderson was the
brother of J. J. Henderson of
Durham. He was a graduate of
North Carolina College, now
North Carolina Central
University, and held the master
of arts and doctor of philosophy
degrees from the University of
He had taught economics at
Prairie View (Texas) A&M
College, NCCU, and Fisk
University and was for two years
a visiting professor at North
Carolina State University. He
became president of Clark
College in 1965.
He contributed to a number
of books on economics, and was
co-author of "Human Resources
in the South," "Principles of
Economics,' and "Public
The family requested that
memorial donations in lieu of
flowers be made to the Vivian
Wilson Henderson Scholarship
Fund at Clark College.
labor Dept. Files Cose In
Behalf Of Domestics
Issues and the Black Press. In
response to the question ot who recounting me years treated by
should be take over " wheri when his late brotherJ4edgar, fpriet
Wilkin? steps ' down Into' his headed the Mississippi or&nchJ,:
WASHINGTON - The first
To add wood to the fire,. we
now discover that Radio South
Africa reports that the South
African government sent troops
into Angola only at the
expressed request of the United
States government. And they
had no better sense than to sit
like a dog hoping to deserve a
bone till the U. S. snapped her
fingers and the obedient subject
jumped into it. Why, one might
ask, would they bark only when
the U.S. says "oark!" Like the
dog, could the possibility exist
that they are merely responding
to their master's call? Oh,
perhaps this a most grotesque
thought and we might tend to
YAOUNDE, (Hsinhua) - close our eyes to whats going on
Cameroon and Zaire in a joint here. But let us consider who
communique demanded the benefits most by the present
withdrawal of all foreign troops construction of the South
from Angola. African government. Was it not
The communique published the United States who voted
in Douala, Cameroon, was signed against the apartheid racist
by the delegations of the government on extremely
Cameroonian National Assembly shallow grounds? Is not
and the Zairian National Polaroid, Exxon, ITT and a host
the person, or persons are totally
unaware that they lie to
themselves. Then too, we must
also consider that there is such a
thing as amnesia also. (p. s.
which one of these is
Kissinger's problem).
So, while the world waited wit by the U. S. Department of
for us to fall apart, they did not "0r ,n Dena 01 a aomesuc
know that the Honorable Elijah worker under the. Fair-- Labor
Muhammad was indeed a master Standards Act (FLSA) has been
teacher. He has made us lovers filed in the U. S. District Court,
of wisdon (not power). There Raleigh.
some mumbline and "c uwB. .....
In the past, there were but a
few who saw the fallacies in
these double answers and even
fewer who were bold enough to
call it what it was in public
baby. That bathwater must be
examined to find out why its so
Then there are those who see
their very comfortable
oppressive states of being waning
in the dusk. They refuse to
kita ;n ...,oii... u was
. ' . . onimhlini? hut that's a lone wav defendant, Mrs. Connie Deaton,
more and more are awakening. Sfumoang, out mai s a long way
This is not to sav that so the from cutting and shooting, of Ra'e'gh. employed Mrs. Jessie
lnis is not to say that so the 6 Mae Wooten from Aug. 20
bathwater goes, so must the """b ana cussin . ns in oraer, .
oaoy; you just got to get as a
yourself together.'1 domestic in her household. It
Farrakan called for an further alleges that the
re-evaluation of the former chief
minister who died last year in
Chicago. Referring to those who
thought they knew what
W..U 1 ..... .11 .U.. Ua
acknowledge the chanee so thev murw ,,mi,u Wtf5 "u "uuul uc ma Iaueu
. .tiit l.- ij used the word respect to make records of wages
f -. a i .him i r r iM u inrr xxriirr iiiii
knowing lull well that they . . . " " his point
would be labeled as ' lunatics,
"communist pinko fags,'
assorted freaks,'" "hot-headed
militants," and a whole
assortment of other names. In
addition, they have traditionally
been hung from the highest trees
in the flesh or in spirit. They
have been sadistically
disemboweled all in the name of
blind nationalism.
As Minister Abdul Farrakan
says, 'Vanily can make you
blind to how rotten you really
public that it is communism that
they must curtail while racism,
sexism, and other horrible forms
of oppression, which are a lot
closer to home base, run
rampant. We must remember it
was not the communists who
tried and successfully
disenfranchised the black vote;
those were racists who did that.
It is racists in Boston who are
"cuttin up and actin' the fool,"
not communists. Moving it
further to the point, we must
if 'spect' means 'see' and 're'
means 'again', then 'respect'
means to look again."
He said that Elijah
Muhammad could not come out
with everything-otherwise he
would not have gotten across to
the masses of black people
because they were in the dark
and needed a temporary buffer
before coming into total
brightness.' That's why the
dawn comes before the high
noon sun," he said. "How are
defendant failed and refused to
pay Mrs. Wooten the $1.90 an
hour minimum wage applicable
to domestic workers at that time
and failed to keep the required
hours and
other conditions of
The defendant allegedly
refused to pay the back wages
after the Labor Department
sought to obtain voluntary
compliance with the law.
Minimum wage and overtime
pay provisions were extended to
domestic workers for the first
time under FLSA amendments
effective in May, 1974.
The suit seeks a judgment
enjoining the violations alleged
and restraining the defendant
from withholding $177.50
aUegedly due Mrs. Wooten in
back wages, and an additional
equal amount as liquidated
Different Ballgane . . .
Different Tactics
Mrs. Margaret Bush
Wilson, the national
chairwoman of the NAACP
told a group of law students
at Duke University on
Tuesday that the tactics used
in the civil rights struggle
must be changed from the
earlier ones. Citing that the
trend on racism has shifted
from overt to institutional,
she said, "its a different
ball game. . .so we must have
different tactics.
Mrs. Wilson also backed up
(See DIFFERENT, Page 3)
look at who benefits most from yu ?oi"8 .t0te11 mem t0 ,ove
But, fortunately, times do the status of blacks in South. cve,ry . y . U get them
Africa and a host of other
Legislative Council. of other very rich folks swelling
It says, ' The two sides hope their pockets with the direct change sometimes for the overall
to see the end of the war in results of the most .obscene and better and sometimes for the
Angola and the withdrawal of all repulsive government on the face overall worst. In many cases the
foreign troops that have been of this planet, South Africa? blessings of time are mixed. So
introduced there so as to permit today there are many who now
the confronting national Let us compare this situation see the fallacy of the always
movements to organize together t0 the person who thinks he's 100 right America. It was
and independently the political B01 a BnP on " awareness oi orougni on oy tne tireless ertorts however, it would be pure
life of their country." himself, yet his actions always of those who clung to that giant foolishness to say that because
The communique also tel1 8 different story from the mirror and kept telling America
expresses the hope for closer one ne ta,ks about. Its similar to to look into it and maybe it
friendly relations between the a serious case of schizophrenia would see the real America for
two countries. wnere the possibility exists that the first time. For many, it was a
oppressive states. This is not
necessarily saying that the
United States has the most dirt
underneath her fingers in its
oppressive treatment of some of
the people here and abroad,
you smell worse than me, I'm
clean." In reality, we've all got
some cleaning to do, and
America is no exception.
to love themselves."
According to Farrakan,
Muhammad knew that the
United States would never give
into his demands for ten states
for an exclusively black state.
' He wanted to show you that
your're getting nothing for your
labors and suffering here," the
minister continued." He wanted
to show you, black man, that
you don't have to go around
(See FARRAHAN, Page 4)
The State of Blach America
qf the gains blacks made
over the past decade were either
wiped out or badly eroded in
1975 and the portents for the
future are not encouraging," the
National Urban League declared
here Wednesday, January 28, as
it issued a report, ' The State of
Black America."
Noting that no mention of
black citizens had been made in
either the President's ' State of
the Union" message or in the
Democratic response from
Senator Muskie, Vernon E.
Jordan, Jr., Executive Director
of the National Urban League,
called on all the Presidential
candidates during this election
year ' to discuss openly and
honestly with the American
people" the problems of blacks
and the poor as outlined in the
League's report.
- The League warned that the
absence of overt discontent in
the cities did not mean that the
problems did not continue to
exist and that the future of the
nation is ' bound-up in how it
deals with these problems."
Included among the
recommendations, offered .by the
League were a full employment
policy that assures decent jobs
for all; an income maintenance
system that alleviates economic
hardship and replaces the
present welfare system; and
housing, health and education
programs "that go beyond
rhetoric to bring our nation
closer to a prosperity that
includes all of its citizens.'
Among the indicators citied
by the League to show that
blacks lost ground in 1975 were
the following:
There was a further decline
in middle income families,
continuing a trend that between
1973-74 saw these families
decrease from one-fourth of the
total of black families to
- Black family income is only
58 per cent of white family
income, representing a drop
from which represents a decline
to, 61 percent in 1969.
The official black
employment rate for blacks
remained virtually unchanged at
14.1 per cent for the first three
quarters of 1975, while the
unofficial rate - which includes
people not counted in the official
figures - was a constant 26 per
cent. Thus, from the beginning
of the year, one out of every
(See BLACK AMERICA, Page 1 1
THE NATION'S YOUNGEST biffcity mayor, ATUnti mayor
Maynard Jackson, at 35 it planning and mapping to Mk
re-election in a city in which whites have become the minority h
recent years, but which hat avoided much of the downtown
blight which ha affected other cities. Jackson, the first bJack to
heed major Southern City feels the city It a dynamo, referring
to the three huge new hotels which have altered Atlanta t iky tin
In recent months. (UPIK
MVAa. 4 K

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